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Multiple Choice Quiz

  1. The observed members of a target group are called...
      a. The property in question
      b. The relevant property
      c. Agreement and difference
      d. The sample members, or sample
  2. We're guilty of hasty generalization whenever we draw a conclusion about a target group based on...
      a. An irrelevant property
      b. Inadequate sample size
      c. Enumerative induction
      d. An opinion poll
  3. A representative sample must resemble the target group in...
      a. All the ways that matter
      b. At least two ways
      c. Every respect
      d. Some respects
  4. Mill's method of correlation says that when two events are correlated, they are...
      a. Not causally related
      b. Uncaused
      c. Probably causally related
      d. Unrelated
  5. Given the ordinary laws of statistics, incredible coincidences are...
      a. Always evidence of causal connections
      b. Evidence of the paranormal
      c. Impossible
      d. Common and must occur
  6. A necessary condition for the occurrence of an event is...
      a. One that guarantees that the event occurs
      b. One without which the event cannot occur
      c. One that cannot guarantee that the event occurs
      d. Unlikely
  7. The rule of thumb for distinguishing coincidence from cause and effect is...
      a. Don't assume that a causal connection exists unless you have good reason for doing so.
      b. Don't assume that a causal connection exists unless your assumption is beyond doubt.
      c. There is no such thing as coincidence.
      d. Don't ever assume that a causal connection exists.
  8. In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals being examined is called the…
      a. Sample
      b. Target group
      c. Relevant property
      d. Control group
  9. A necessary condition for the occurrence of an event is...
      a. One that guarantees that the event occurs
      b. One without which the event cannot occur
      c. One that cannot guarantee that the event occurs
      d. Unlikely
  10. A sufficient condition for the occurrence of an event is...
      a. One that guarantees that the event occurs
      b. One without which the event cannot occur
      c. One that cannot guarantee that the event occurs
      d. Unlikely
  11. In enumerative induction, the observed members of the target group are called…
      a. Control group
      b. Target group
      c. Relevant property
      d. The sample
  12. A sample that is selected randomly from a target group in such a way as to ensure that the sample is representative is known as a/an…
      a. Negative sample
      b. Random sample
      c. Empty sample
      d. Targeted sample
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