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Multiple Choice Quiz

  1. If a claim conflicts with other claims we have good reason to accept, we have good grounds for...
      a. Accepting it
      b. Rejecting it
      c. Doubting it
      d. Rephrasing it
  2. When a claim is not quite dubious enough to dismiss outright yet not worthy of complete acceptance, we should...
      a. Disregard it altogether
      b. Proportion our belief to the evidence
      c. Accept it tentatively
      d. Reject it tentatively
  3. Experts are more likely to be right because they have access to more information on the subject than we do and because...
      a. They are better at judging the information than we are
      b. The information has been checked
      c. They are experts
      d. They have credentials
  4. We fall into a fallacious appeal to authority by…
      a. Checking an expert's credentials
      b. Ignoring the expert
      c. Regarding a nonexpert as an expert
      d. Regarding an expert as a nonexpert
  5. Personal experience, though generally reliable, is...
      a. Infallible
      b. Difficult to quantify
      c. Not trustworthy
      d. Not infallible
  6. Our perception and memory are constructive, which means that what we perceive and remember is to some degree...
      a. Omnipresent
      b. Stressful
      c. Disturbing
      d. Fabricated by our minds
  7. The probability of any particular event occurring may be extremely low, but that same event given enough opportunities to occur may be...
      a. Impossible
      b. Highly probable over the long haul.
      c. Highly improbable over the long haul
      d. Miraculous
  8. A news report that conflicts with other reports you believe are reliable or with facts you already know is...
      a. Possibly reliable
      b. Untrustworthy
      c. Useful
      d. False
  9. We generally have good reason to...
      a. Accept advertising claims at face value
      b. Believe all advertising claims false
      c. Think all advertising dishonest
      d. Doubt advertising claims
  10. Our perception and memory are…
      a. Destructive
      b. Recording devices
      c. Rarely wrong
      d. Constructive
  11. Eyewitness testimony is often...
      a. Authoritative
      b. Trustworthy
      c. Reliable
      d. Unreliable
  12. If a claim conflicts with our background information, we have good reason to...
      a. Believe it
      b. Doubt it
      c. Revise it
      d. Reject it out of hand
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