We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more


Primary Sources | Secondary Sources | Music | DVD

Primary Sources

Aesch. Supp. complete.
Apollod. 2.1.1-2.2.2: The family of Inachus and the legends of Argos.
2.3.1-2.3.2: Bellerophon.
2.4.1-2.4.5: The legend of Perseus.
Aristoph. Thes. 1010-1135: Euripides’ plays Andromeda and Perseus.
Bacchyl. 11.37-11.112: Proetus, his daughters, and Acrisius.
19.1-19.49: Argus and Egypt.
Hdt. 1.1.1-1.2.1: Io.
2.41.1-2.42.2: Isis and Io.
2.91.1-2.91.6: Perseus in Egypt.
6.53.1-6.54.1: Perseus.
7.61.3: Perseus.
Hes. Sh. 216-238: Perseus and the Gorgons.
Th. 270-289: Graeae, and Perseus’ beheading of Medusa.
Hom. Il. 6.150-211: Bellerophon.
Hyg. 57: Bellerophon and Stheneboea.
63: Danäe, Mother of Perseus.
64: Perseus and Andromeda.
149: Epaphus.
145: Io.
168: Danaüs and Aegyptus.
169: Amymone.
169a: Amymone.
170: Catalogue of the Husbands Killed by the Danaïds.
143: Phoroneus.
Ov. Her. 14: Hypermnestra to Lynceus.
Met. 4.604-5.249: Adventures of Perseus.
Met. 9.134-272
Met. 1.583-750: Io.
Paus. 2.1.1: Argos and Corinth.
2.4.1-2.4.3:3: Bellerophon and other sons of Sisyphus.
2.15.4-2.16.4: Perseus founds Mycenae; Phoroneus and the legends of Argos.
2.19.3-2.19.7: Danaüs.
2.21.5-2.21.7: Perseus and Medusa.
2.25.3-2.25.5: Lynceus and Hypermnestra.
2.25.7: Proetus and Acrisius.
2.31.9: Pegasus.
3.12.2: Danaüs and his daughters.
4.35.9: Perseus and the spring at Thermopylae.
9.34.1-9.34.2: The legend of Iodama and the head of Medusa.
Pind. N. 10.1-10.6: Argos and Danaüs.
P. 10.29-10.48: Perseus.
P. 12 complete.
O. 13.55-13.92: Bellerophon.
I. 7.40-7.51: Bellerophon.
Strab. 8.6.21: The spring Peirene and Pegasus.
10.5.10: The island of Seriphos and the legend of Perseus.

Back to top

Primary Sources | Secondary Sources | Music | DVD

Secondary Sources


Clampitt, Amy (1920–1994). “Perseus.” The Collected Poems. New York: Knopf, 1999. 213-4.

———. “Athena.” The Collected Poems. New York:  Knopf, 1999. 216.

———. “Perseus Airborne.” The Collected Poems. New York: Knopf, 1999. 221.

———. “Atlas Immobilized.” The Collected Poems. New York: Knopf, 1999. 222.

———. “The Nereids of Seriphos.” The Collected Poems. New York: Knopf, 1999. 217-9.

———. “Seriphos Unvisited.” The Collected Poems. New York: Knopf, 1999. 220.

———. “Medusa.” The Collected Poems. New York:  Knopf, 1999. 211-2.

MacNeice, Louis (1907–1963). “Perseus.” Poem.


Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Dobrov, Gregory W. Figures of Play: Greek Drama and Metafictional Poetics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Ogden, Daniel. Perseus. New York: Routledge, 2008. A study of the legend of Perseus, including renditions in art and literature and its reception through the Roman period to modern times.

Wilk, Stephen R. Solving the Mystery of the Gorgon. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. An exploration with illustrations of various facets of the legacy of the Gorgon and her imagery from ancient to modern times.

Woodward, Jocelyn M. Perseus: A Study in Greek Art and Legend. New York: AMS Press, 1976.

Back to top

Primary Sources | Secondary Sources | Music | DVD


Dittersdorf, Carl Ditters von (1793–1799). Symphony in F Major, The Rescuing of Andromeda by Perseus and Symphony in D Major, The Petrification of Phineus and His Friends. Six Symphonies after Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Cantelina, cond. Shepherd. Chandos CHAN 8564/65. The other four symphonies are subtitled “The Four Ages of Man,” “The Fall of Phaëthon,” “The Transformation of Actaeon into a Stag,” and “The Transformation of the Lycian Peasants into Frogs.”

Guettel, Adam. “Pegasus” and rock songs. Myths and Hymns. Various artists. Nonesuch 79530-2. Other songs include “Saturn Returns with Reprise,” “Icarus,” “Hero and Leander,” and “Sisyphus.” Guettel is the composer of the score for the acclaimed musical Light in the Piazza.

Haydn, Michael (1733–1806). Andromeda e Perseo. Opera. Fodor et al. Savaria Symphony Orchestra, cond. Pál. Bongiovanni GB 2377/78-2. Based on Corneille’s tragedy Andromède and Ovid’s Metamorphoses but ending happily with Perseus forgiving his rival Phineus.

Lekeu, Guillaume (1870–1894). Andromede. Cantata. Lyric poem for soloists, chorus, and orchestra about Perseus’ rescue of Andromeda. Bryant et al. Orchestre Philharmonique de Liège, cond. Bartholomée. Ricercar RIS 099083.

Nikolais, Alwin (1910–1993). Chimera: Dance. The Electronic Dance Music of Alwin Nikolais. CRI CD 651. Among the 21 selections from the works of this noted choreographer and musician is an excerpt, Styx.

Salieri, Antonio (1750–1825). Les Danaïds. Opera about Danaüs, Hypermnestra, and Lynceus, by Mozart’s rival. Marshall et al. Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart, cond. Gelmetti. EMI CDS 7 54073 2.

Strauss, Richard (1864–1949). Die Liebe der Danaë. Opera. Grundheber et al. Jiel Philharmonic Orchestra, cond. Windfuhr. NDR Kultur CPO 999 967-2. Also Kupper et al. Die Wiener Philharmoniker, cond. Krauss. Melodram MEL 37061.Amalgamation of Midas with his golden touch and the wooing of Danaë by Jupiter as a shower of gold.

Vaccaj (Vaccai), Nicola (1790–1848). Andromeda. Cantata for soprano and orchestra. Ferrante. Grande Accademia Vocale e Strumentale Ensemble Seicentonovecento, cond. Colussi. Bongiovanni GB 10005-2.

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678–1741). Andromeda Liberata. Kermes et al. Venice Baroque Orchestra, cond., Marcon. Arkiv Production B0003456-02. Others, not only Vivaldi, may have been involved in the composition of this Venetian serenata.

Back to top

Primary Sources | Secondary Sources | Music | DVD


Clash of the Titans. Film. Harry Hamlin and Burgess Meredith among a stellar cast (including Laurence Olivier as Zeus). Special effects by Ray Harryhausen. Directed by Desmond Davis. Warner Home Video. Worth seeing, if only for the imagination and suspense of the encounter between Perseus and Medusa, ending with Perseus (Hamlin) triumphantly holding up the head of the monster in the stance of Bernini’s masterpiece. One of the best movies based on classical mythology ever made. Reviewed by Robert J. Lenardon in Amphora, 2.1, 2003, pp. 10, 11, and 16.

Clash of the Titans. Film. A remake of the 1981 movie above starring Liam Neeson as Zeus and Ralph Fiennes as Hades (2010).

The Gorgon. A modern-day Gorgon terrorizes a village in this horror movie starring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee. Directed by Terence Fischer. RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video.

Jim Henson’s The Storyteller, Complete Collection. John Hurt stars as the storyteller of the tales recreated by live actors and characters created by Henson: Daedalus and Icarus, Orpheus and Eurydice, Perseus and the Gorgon, and Theseus and the Minotaur. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment.

Seven Faces of Dr. Lao. This fantasy film, starring Tony Randall and directed by George Pal, includes a vision of Medusa (as well as Pan). Warner Brothers.

VHS video tape not yet on DVD.
The Transformations of Medusa. Dance and Myth, The World of Jean Erdman. Part 1: The Early Dances. Includes Hamadryad. Erdman, dance, choreographer, and director, was once a soloist with the Martha Graham Dance Company. She is the widow of Joseph Campbell, who had a tremendous influence upon the development of mythological themes in modern dance. Mystic Fire Video

Back to top

Legal Notice | Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy
Please send comments or suggestions about this Website to custserv.us@oup.com