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Multiple Choice

  1. Which perspective holds that justice is achieved when procedures in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and U.S. legal codes are properly followed?
      a. Procedural justice
      b. Social justice
      c. Distributive justice
      d. Individual justice
  2. Which theory of justice would promote the use of sentencing circles to achieve justice?
      a. Ideological justice
      b. Restorative justice
      c. Libertarian justice
      d. Transitional justice
  3. What is the goal of restorative justice?
      a. To restore the offender, victim, and society
      b. To ensure individual rights with little government interference
      c. To ensure justice during the transition to a new government
      d. To explore different definitions of justice through personal narratives
  4. Postmodern justice argues that:
      a. There is a single reality based on empirical study.
      b. Most people agree on the same single definition of justice.
      c. Different people create their own understandings of what is real.
      d. Pragmatism is superior to idealism.
  5. Exacting justice on person, outside the criminal justice system, is described as
      a. necessary justice.
      b. vigilante justice.
      c. commutative justice.
      d. utilitarian justice.
  6. Which of the following statements would best describe utilitarian theory of justice?
      a. What is just is what is proportionate.
      b. Justice is the greatest good for the most people.
      c. What is just is under the veil of ignorance.
      d. What is just is what is fair.
  7. According to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, justice is achieved when
      a. the punishment is in proportion to the crime.
      b. most citizens agree with the punishment.
      c. the punishment is just under the veil of ignorance.
      d. the costs of crime outweighed the benefits.
  8. Rawls believed that the only starting point to develop fair public policy would be from the
      a. subservient position.
      b. postmodern framework.
      c. original position.
      d. uneducated position.
  9. According to Rawls, which of the following would be an injustice?
      a. Denying indigent defendants the right to an attorney
      b. The lack of resources to provide a quality education to all persons
      c. Both A and B
      d. Neither A nor B
  10. Which model of distributive justice emphasizes societal needs over that of individual needs?
      a. The mechanical model
      b. The authoritarian model
      c. The compassionate model
      d. The participatory model
  11. The mechanical model of justice is also referred to as
      a. an obstacle course of justice.
      b. assembly-line justice.
      c. warehouse justice.
      d. a water wheel of justice.
  12. Which model of distributive justice focuses on harmony of society and individual needs?
      a. The mechanical model
      b. The authoritarian model
      c. The compassionate model
      d. The participatory model
  13. The focal point of mechanical criminal justice is
      a. organization to provide social order.
      b. submission and loyalty to authority.
      c. crime prevention and rehabilitation.
      d. achieving harmony between society and individuals.
  14. Which model of distributive justice would advocate for a social program for at- risk teens?
      a. The mechanical model
      b. The authoritarian model
      c. The compassionate model
      d. The participatory model
  15. Which philosophy of justice does the police strategy of lever pulling illustrate?
      a. The authoritarian model
      b. The compassionate model
      c. The participatory model
      d. The mechanical model
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