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Review Quiz

  1. The notion that there is a gene “for” eye color, or height, or intelligence, or aggression, or sexual orientation, or any other characteristic isn't correct. Instead of a gene for a characteristic, we should think of genes as being __________ a characteristic.
      a. of
      b. with
      c. from
      d. Used for
  2. What disease is caused by an infected mosquito injecting the protozoan, P. falciparum, into an individual?
      a. Sickle Cell Anemia
      b. Malaria
      c. Childbed Sickness
      d. Pneumonia
  3. With what is a person with sickle cell anemia deficient?
      a. White Blood Cells
      b. Nitrogen
      c. Red Blood Cells
      d. Hemoglobin
  4. ________________ is the most commonly inherited blood disorder in the United States.
      a. Sickle cell disease
      b. HIV
      c. Malaria
      d. Leukemia
  5. Proteins are composed of subunits called _______________.
      a. Genes
      b. Organelles
      c. Amino acids
      d. Lipids
  6. Who is responsible for ushering in the age of molecular medicine?
      a. Pauling
      b. Darwin
      c. Allison
      d. Linnaeus
  7. ___________________ separates mixtures of substances by the movement of molecules through an electrical field.
      a. Protein Synthesis
      b. Chromatography
      c. Electrophoresis
      d. DNA Testing
  8. Each part of the body produced a characteristic “seed” that traveled to reproductive organs according to what notion?
      a. Pangenesis
      b. Organ development
      c. Electrophoresis
      d. Chromatography
  9. How did Weissman test pangenesis?
      a. Cutting the tails off of mice and breeding them
      b. Washing his hands with dilute bleach solution
      c. Cross-pollinating pea plants
      d. Constructing a swan neck flask
  10. Who discovered the rules of inheritance?
      a. Weissman
      b. Pauling
      c. Mendel
      d. Darwin
  11. Which of the following is an example of a trait?
      a. Left-handedness
      b. Anxiety
      c. Affinity for spicy food
      d. Disliking country music
  12. What kind of plants did Mendel cross to determine the rules of inheritance?
      a. Sunflowers
      b. Peas
      c. Tomatoes
      d. Cucumbers
  13. If a scientist crossed a blue flowered pea plant with a white flowered pea plant, and only paid attention to the color of flowers produced in the offspring, what kind of cross would it be?
      a. Monohybrid
      b. Bihybrid
      c. Multihybrid
      d. Hybrid
  14. Genes can come in more than one form, or ______________.
      a. variety
      b. variation
      c. allele
      d. type
  15. Which trait is expressed when two different alleles are present?
      a. dominant
      b. recessive
      c. primary
      d. superficial
  16. What disease is characterized by a thick, abnormal mucous fluid that accumulates in the lungs and the digestive system?
      a. Malaria
      b. Sickle Cell Disease
      c. Cystic Fibrosis
      d. Huntington's Disease
  17. A person who has a certain form of a gene for a trait, but is not fully expressing that trait, is called what?
      a. A carrier
      b. A holder
      c. A bearer
      d. None of these
  18. _______________ is a type of nucleic acid located in the cell nucleus.
      a. mRNA
      b. RNA
      c. DNA
      d. tRNA
  19. ______________ is the physical material of which genes are made.
      a. mRNA
      b. RNA
      c. tRNA
      d. DNA
  20. ________________ are composed principally of DNA.
      a. personalities
      b. chromosomes
      c. double-helices
      d. thymidine
  21. Griffith looked at DNA through analyzing bacteria that cause which disease?
      a. Pneumonia
      b. Malaria
      c. Cystic Fibrosis
      d. Sickle Cell Disease
  22. _________________ is the process by which the double helix of DNA unzips and new strands are synthesized
      a. Replication
      b. Transcription
      c. Translation
      d. Mutation
  23. What is a change in DNA called?
      a. Replication
      b. Transcription
      c. Mutation
      d. Translation
  24. The information encoded in DNA is in a language of nucleotides called the ________________.
      a. genome
      b. genetic code
      c. amino acids
      d. allele alphabet
  25. The presence of abnormal proteins can be responsible for which of the following?
      a. Cancer
      b. Birth Defects
      c. Diabetes
      d. All of these
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