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Review Quiz

  1. Critical thinking is rarely used outside of academia
      a. True
      b. False
  2. Common conclusion indicators include therefore, hence, and consequently.
      a. True
      b. False
  3. Probably the best advice for anyone trying to identify arguments is to look for the premises first.
      a. True
      b. False
  4. Some common premise indicator words are because, since, and given that.
      a. True
      b. False
  5. An explanation tells us why or how something is the case, but an argument gives us reasons for believing that something is the case.
      a. True
      b. False
  6. If you clearly state your beliefs on a subject, then you have presented an argument.
      a. True
      b. False
  7. An argument is a group of statements in which some of them (the premises) are intended to support another of them (the conclusion).
      a. True
      b. False
  8. The statements (reasons) given in support of another statement are called:
      a. An argument
      b. The conclusion
      c. The premises
      d. The complement
  9. Statements backed by good reasons are:
      a. Worthy of strong acceptance
      b. To be believed with certainty
      c. Never false
      d. Beyond all possible doubt
  10. A statement is:
      a. A question or exclamation
      b. An affirmation of prior beliefs
      c. An assertion that something is or is not the case
      d. An assertion that is neither true nor false
  11. According to the text, critical thinking complements:
      a. Our prejudices
      b. Our emotions
      c. Peer pressure
      d. Our unconscious desires
  12. The word critical in critical thinking refers to:
      a. A faultfinding attitude
      b. Attempts to win an argument
      c. Using careful judgment or judicious evaluation
      d. A lack of respect for other people
  13. A belief is worth accepting if:
      a. We have good reasons to accept it
      b. It is consistent with our needs
      c. It has not been proven wrong
      d. It is accepted by our peers
  14. Critical thinking concerns:
      a. Determining the cause of our beliefs
      b. Pinpointing the psychological basis of our beliefs
      c. Determining the quality of our beliefs
      d. Assessing the practical impact of our beliefs
  15. In most extended argumentative passages:
      a. Premises and conclusions make up a large portion of the total wordage
      b. Premises and conclusions make up only a small portion of the total wordage
      c. Premises and conclusions are usually clearly labeled
      d. Premises and conclusions are equal in number
  16. The process of reasoning from premises to a conclusion based on those premises is known as:
      a. Persuasion
      b. Valid reasoning
      c. Formulation
      d. Inference
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