Understand the definition of critical thinking and the importance of the definition terms systematic, evaluation, formulation, and rational standards.
Understand how critical thinking relates to logic, the truth or falsity of statements, knowledge, and personal empowerment.
Why It Matters
Appreciate why critical thinking is better than the passive acceptance of beliefs.
Appreciate the relevance of the claim "The unexamined life is not worth living" to critical thinking.
Understand why the following claims are dubious: "Critical thinking makes people too critical or cynical," "Critical thinking makes people cold and unemotional," and "Critical thinking is the enemy of creativity."
Appreciate the pervasive use of critical thinking in all human endeavors.
How It Works
Distinguish between statements and nonstatements.
Understand the basic concepts of reasons, argument, inference, premises, and conclusion.
Know how to use indicator words to help pinpoint premises and conclusions.
Be able to distinguish between passages that do and do not contain an argument.
Be able to identify arguments in various contexts and distinguish between arguments and superfluous material, arguments and explanations, and premises and conclusions.