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Self-Quiz

  1. Which of the following is not one of the typical field techniques of ethnography mentioned in the text?
      a. Interviews
      b. Participant-observation
      c. Surveys
      d. Consulting archives
      e. Double-blind studies
  2. Which is a characteristic of ethnography?
      a. It gathers only qualitative data, thus avoiding survey techniques
      b. It is usually conducted in a controlled setting
      c. It involves intimate, face-to-face encounters with people
      d. It frames human behavior within an objective reality
      e. All of the above are true
  3. Which of the following choices would not create a true statement about ethnography as described in the text? For most contemporary cultural anthropologists, ethnographic fieldwork
      a. Is the experience that characterizes the discipline
      b. Should ideally be conducted among groups that are culturally and geographically distant
      c. Is shaped by living conditions while in the field
      d. Requires a lot of time sitting and writing in notebooks and computers
      e. Is a search for ways to include multiple points of view
  4. Culture shock may be described as
      a. A feeling of confusion, alienation, and depression that can result from the psychological stress that occurs during the first weeks or months of an immersion in a culture different from one's own
      b. A malady limited to anthropologists
      c. A deliberate step in the conduct of ethnographic fieldwork
      d. A common reaction among local people when meeting anthropologists for the first time
      e. All of the above are true
  5. What is the position generally held in a traditional positivist approach to research?
      a. There is no substitute for an in-depth, hermeneutic understanding of a culture
      b. Research should produce objective knowledge about reality applicable to cases in all times and places
      c. Events and discourses in the social world prevent us from having direct knowledge of the natural order
      d. It is important to remain optimistic while conducting fieldwork because things often do go wrong
      e. All of the above are true
  6. Which of the following is true about the reflexive approach to fieldwork?
      a. The approach is meant to follow well-defined procedures of research design from building rapport with informants to interpreting findings
      b. It encourages researchers to consider the effects that their values, biases, and theoretical orientations might have on data collection and analysis
      c. Fieldworkers strive to establish an account that is objectively truthful and valid
      d. It asserts that ethnographic findings are derived through logical deduction
      e. The intersubjective meanings on which informants rely are private, not public
  7. A relatively new approach to ethnography is known as multisited fieldwork. Which of the following is not given in the text as a likely reason for the development of this approach?
      a. The world system described by Immanuel Wallerstein no longer seemed as total
      b. Eric Wolf's work traced how the histories of indigenous societies were affected by European colonialism
      c. Anthropologists began to use historical archives to better position their account of the society they researched
      d. They began to think about how social practices and cultural beliefs were the product of the agency of local peoples as they responded to outside forces rather than merely tradition
      e. Using more than one site allows the researcher to provide control groups for the purpose of cross-cultural analysis
  8. Which of the following is a uniquely anthropological fieldwork method?
      a. Ethnography
      b. Interviews
      c. Informants
      d. Observation
      e. None of the above
  9. The experience of ethnographic fieldwork changes both the anthropologist and his or her informants. Given the discussion in the text, which of the following is the most plausible effect of fieldwork on informants?
      a. Informants began to see themselves as outsiders within their own culture
      b. Working with an anthropologist makes informants aware of themselves in ways that may be both unexpected and uncomfortable
      c. The irrational behavior of anthropologists makes informants question the underlying nature of reality
      d. Exposure to the values of the anthropologist leads informants to demand money for their services
      e. None of the above
  10. What is the term for those who work closely with anthropologists in their fieldwork in order to provide them with insights into their way of life?
      a. Human agents
      b. Informants
      c. Genealogists
      d. Etics
      e. Participant-observants
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