10.1 Describe the relationship of surface ocean circulation to the general circulation of the atmosphere.
10.2 Explain the role of the ocean circulation in the transport of heat at Earth’s surface.
10.3 Describe the major currents that constitute the surface ocean circulation.
10.4 Identify the significant water currents that occur below the surface layer of the sea.
10.5 Discuss El Niño, the periodic, large-scale abnormal warming of the sea surface at low latitudes of the Pacific Ocean.