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Multiple Choice Quiz

  1. Which of the following best describes the attitude most news organizations have about credibility?
      a. People depend on news media for their information, and media must be credible to succeed as businesses.
      b. People get information from multiple sources other than the news media, so no one will be hurt if news organizations make mistakes now and then.
      c. Almost no one believes the news media, so a lack of credibility does not put an organization at a competitive disadvantage.
      d. Credibility helps a news organization win awards, but sensationalism attracts readers, viewers and advertisers which make for commercial success.
  2. In weighing the value of publishing a story, journalists should consider harms and benefits and publish the story if it
      a. harms more people than it benefits.
      b. would attract an audience no matter how many benefit.
      c. would attract an audience no matter how many are harmed.
      d. benefits more people than it harms.
  3. Journalists wrestling with ethical decisions should identify the macro and micro issues raised by a story. Which best describes what is meant by “macro” and “micro” issues?
      a. Macro issues are such things as wording, placement, and use of visuals, and micro issues are the main reasons for publishing the story.
      b. Macro issues are the things that might lead to libel suits, and micro issues are the things that might lead to embarrassing corrections.
      c. Macro issues are the main reasons for publishing the story, and micro issues are such things as wording, placement and use of visuals.
      d. Macro issues involve the things that appear in big type and pictures, and micro issues involve those things that appear in small type without pictures.
  4. “Plagiarism” is defined as
      a. making up quotations or sources for a news story.
      b. taking someone else’s words or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.
      c. pretending to be someone other than a reporter to get an interview.
      d. accepting gifts or bribes from sources.
  5. Journalists looking for sources should try to use
      a. a variety of sources representing different opinions.
      b. close friends and relatives.
      c. officials who will expect some favor in return.
      d. officials with whom the journalist has a close personal relation.
  6. The practice of electronically recording an interview with a source without the source’s knowledge is
      a. devious and unfair.
      b. sneaky but expected of reporters.
      c. easier than asking permission.
      d. essential for accurate reporting.
  7. The two main components of objectivity are
      a. absence of emotion and adherence to routine.
      b. absence of bias and adherence to routine.
      c. absence of bias and accuracy.
      d. absence of emotion and accuracy.
  8. Which of the following is NOT among the problems with interviewing victims of crimes or disasters immediately after the incident?
      a. They may be in shock and inadvertently twist the facts.
      b. They may want to please reporters and answer questions even if they are not certain about the answers.
      c. They are likely to have clear recollections and be eager to talk to reporters.
      d. They may recant their story later and accuse the reporter of having made it up.
  9. Journalists sometimes create misleading impressions about victims of crime or accidents because
      a. they want to portray the victims in the best possible light.
      b. they want to portray the victims in the worst possible light.
      c. they rely too heavily on the victim’s version of events.
      d. they speculate in the absence of knowledge of the facts.
  10. In deciding whether to broadcast or publish graphic images of violence or disasters, producers and editors must weigh
      a. unnecessarily offending viewers and readers against the need to increase viewership or readership.
      b. unnecessarily offending viewers and readers against the need to inform them of harsh realities.
      c. the need to inform viewers and readers of harsh realities against the possibility of offending high government officials.
      d. the need to inform viewers and readers of harsh realities against the popular desire to read and watch pleasing news stories.
  11. In covering rape cases, the almost universal practice of news organizations is to
      a. withhold the name of the victim and the suspect.
      b. publish the name of the victim and the suspect.
      c. publish the name of the victim, but withhold the name of the suspect.
      d. withhold the name of the victim, but publish the name of the suspect.
  12. If a news reporter hears a rumor that a public official has engaged in an illicit sexual relationship, the reporter should
      a. publish a story immediately before any other news organization can.
      b. publish a story only after the rumor has been confirmed and if it has some news value.
      c. publish a story if the source of the rumor seems reputable.
      d. never publish a story about a rumor even if it is newsworthy and can be readily verified.
  13. Generally, news organizations do not publish the names of juveniles who have been arrested for crimes unless
      a. the juvenile is being tried as an adult.
      b. the victim of the crime is socially prominent.
      c. the juvenile suspect is socially prominent.
      d. the crime involved the theft or destruction of property valued at $1,000 or more.
  14. Photojournalists see the use of computer software to alter images as comparable to
      a. cropping photos or increasing the contrast in the image.
      b. the artistic license novelists take with facts.
      c. a reporter’s making up facts for a news story.
      d. a mild form of exaggeration.
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