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Principles of Rock Deformation and Tectonics

Jean-Luc Bouchez and Adolphe Nicolas

August 2021

ISBN: 9780192843876

272 pages
Hardback
246x171mm

In Stock

Price: £55.00

The book is an up-to-date and augmented version that keeps the concise and rigorous writing of its inspiring French language predecessors. It is based on laboratory and field experience of both authors, with a focus towards hard rocks and magmatic rocks from both the continental crust worldwide and the mantle, principally from the Oman ophiolites.

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Description

The book is an up-to-date and augmented version that keeps the concise and rigorous writing of its inspiring French language predecessors. It is based on laboratory and field experience of both authors, with a focus towards hard rocks and magmatic rocks from both the continental crust worldwide and the mantle, principally from the Oman ophiolites.

  • Provides profound understanding of plate displacements and deformation of rocks on Earth
  • Chapters are clearly and consistently divided to distinguish between the studies of rock deformation mechanisms and resulting tectonics
  • Original exercises to stimulate interest of students and help understanding, particularly in structural geology
  • With respect to Nicolas' classic book (1984 in French, 1987 in English), more than 60% of the content is new.

About the Author(s)

Jean-Luc Bouchez, Toulouse University, and Adolphe Nicolas, Montpellier University

Professor Jean-Luc Bouchez (1946-) After his academic studies at Grenoble University (France) in Physics and Earth Science, Jean-Luc Bouchez became assistant professor at Nantes University (France) under the direction of Adolphe Nicolas until 1986. He then attended the Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées (Toulouse University), doing teaching and research worldwide (Africa, Brazil, Iran, Spain, Portugal ...) concerning principally mineral and magnetic fabrics, natural plasticity of quartz-rich rocks, and emplacement of granite plutons. He was awarded the Louis Barrabé Medal at the French Geological Society.

Professor Adolphe Nicolas (1936-2020) After his academic studies at University of Paris in Physics and Earth Sciences, he became assistant professor at the School of Mines in Nancy (France), then professor, first at the University of Nantes, up to 1986, where he set up his Petrophysics Laboratory, which then moved to Montpellier University. He was a specialist of peridotites and ophiolites, particularly from Oman. Adolphe Nicolas wrote several books, among which "Principes de Tectonique" (1984), and was awarded several distinctions: Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU); Veinig Meinez Medalist; Member of The Institut Universitaire de France; Dolomieu Award of the French Academy of Sciences; Harry Hess Medal of the AGU.

Table of Contents

    Forewords and Acknowledgements
    1 Deformation/strain and stress
    1.1:Deformation / strain
    1.2:Stress
    1.3:Stress-strain relationships
    2 Brittle deformation
    2.1:Fracture modes
    2.2:Coulomb's law of failure and the Mohr fracture envelope
    2.3:Rupture under different conditions
    2.4:In-situ stress measurements
    2.5:The brittle-ductile transition
    3. Brittle deformation structures
    3.1:Joint, fissure, cleavage and barren fracture
    3.2:Tension fractures
    3.3:Faults
    3.4:Dynamic analysis of faults
    4. Ductile deformation and microstructures
    4.1:Cataclastic deformation and granular materials
    4.2:Plasticity due to movement of dislocation
    4.3:Solid state diffusion flow
    4.4:Fluid-assisted flow mechanisms
    4.5:Localization of deformation and shear zones
    4.6:A few distinctive microstructures
    4.7:(T, s, e') deformation maps
    5 Macroscopic imprints of ductile deformation
    5.1:A few notions about folds
    5.2:Planar structures
    5.3:Linear structures
    5.4:Relationships between lineations, fold-axes and strain ellipsoids
    5.5:Terminology conventions
    6. Fabrics and kinematic analysis of quartzites, ice and peridotites
    6.1:Development of preferred orientations
    6.2:Coaxial and non-coaxial lattice fabrics
    6.3:Fabric representation: the orientation diagram
    6.4:Fabrics and kinematic analysis
    6.5:Examples of fabrics
    6.6:Past and present mantle flow
    7 Magmatic fabrics, structures and microstructures
    7.1:Some rheological aspects
    7.2:Microstructures: magmatic, orthogneissic and mylonitic
    7.3:Magmatic fabric acquisition in plutons
    7.4:Magmatic fabrics in plutons
    7.5:Injections in magmatic complexes: mixing and mingling
    7.6:The Bushveld and Skaergaard mafic complexes
    7.7:Gabbros from the oceanic crust
    8 Rheology of the lithosphere and states of stress
    8.1:Rheological profile of the lithosphere: the Christmas tree
    8.2:Mechanical anisotropy of the lithosphere
    8.3:Focal mechanisms of earthquakes
    8.4:Stress concentration
    8.5:From the stress bulb to the Indian indenter
    8.6:States of stress in France and around the World
    9 Horizontal / vertical displacements and their rates
    9.1:Horizontal displacements and rates
    9.2:Vertical displacements
    10. Technical aspects of tectonics
    10.1:Tensorial representation of deformation
    10.2:Tensorial representation of stress
    10.3:Wülff and Schmidt nets
    10.4:The universal stage
    10.5:The texture goniometer
    10.6:The EBSD technique
    10.7:Digital images and shape preferred orientations (SPO)
    10.8:Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS)
    10.9:Gravimetric analysis
    11. Practical exercises
    11.1:Application of Mohr diagram in structural geology
    11.2:Internal inclusions in garnets
    11.3:Introduction to orientation diagrams
    11.4:Fold-axis construction : an example from the field
    11.5:Unravelling structure entanglements
    11.6:Looking for past states of stress: paleostress analysis
    11.7:Looking for successive states of stress in the Lefkas region (Greece)
    11.8:Looking for a local state of stress
    11.9:Isostasy, the very base of vertical movements
    Index

Reviews

"Appropriate to a modern senior undergraduate audience, and invaluable for more advanced readers including postgraduate students and active researchers. It is well written and illustrated and represents a good balance of fundamental concepts, cutting edge ideas and practical tools. " - David Prior, University of Otago

"A book of high quality and with a significant market of undergraduate and advanced degree classes in tectonics, structural geology, and rock deformation. " - Matej Pec, Massachusetts Institute of Technology