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Cover

Philosophy of Religion

A Guide and Anthology

Edited by Brian Davies

July 2000

ISBN: 9780198751946

784 pages
Paperback
246x171mm

In Stock

Price: £39.99

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Description

Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology provides a comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible overview of the philosophy of religion. Under the careful editorship of Brian Davies, the book contains a selection of the best classical and contemporary writings on the philosophy of religion together with substantial commentary, introductory material, discussion questions, and detailed guides to further reading. The editorial material sets the extracts in context and guides the reader through them. Taken as a whole, the book offers the ideal, self-contained introduction to the questions which have most preoccupied Western philosophers when thinking about religion. The selection is both very comprehensive and very generous. 65 sizeable extracts map out the full range of topics most commonly encountered in courses on the philosophy of religion. Part I looks at the relation between philosophy and religious belief; Parts II-IV consider the existence and nature of God; Part V addresses the 'problem of evil'; and Parts VI and VII are devoted to the relationship between morality and religion and to the question of life after death.

  • No other book on the market offers this combination of introductory guide along with an anthology of the key articles, questions, and further reading
  • Combines 65 classic writings on the subject along with a substantial, broad-ranging general introduction and detailed introductions to each of the seven parts of the book
  • Discussion questions at the end of each part stimulate the student and make this book ideal for course use and seminar discussions
  • The organisation of the book into the seven key areas of the philosophy of religion makes this the ideal text for course use

About the Author(s)

Edited by Brian Davies, Professor of Philosophy, Fordham University, New York

Table of Contents

    Preface
    General Introduction
    Advice on Reading
    PART I. PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF
    Introduction
    1:Faith and Reason in Harmony, Thomas Aquinas
    2:The Ethics of Belief, W.K. Clifford
    3:The Presumption of Atheism, Antony Flew
    4:Religious Belief as 'Properly Basic', Alvin Plantinga
    5:Evidence and Religious Belief, Norman Kretzmann
    6:Grammar and Religious Belief, D.Z. Phillips
    7:The Groundlessness of Religious Belief, Norman Malcolm
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Further Reading
    PART II. THE PROBLEM OF GOD-TALK
    Introduction
    8:How Believers Find God-Talk Puzzling, Augustine of Hippo
    9:God-Talk is Evidently Nonsense, A.J. Ayer
    10:God-Talk is Not Evidently Nonsense, Richard Swinburne
    11:'Death by a Thousand Qualifications', Antony Flew
    12:One Way of Understanding God-Talk, Thomas Aquinas
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Reading
    PART III. ARGUMENTS FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE
    Introduction
    Advice on Reading
    Cosmological Arguments
    Introduction
    13:A Concise Cosmological Argument from the Eleventh Century, Anselm of Canterbury
    14:A Thirteenth Century Cosmological Argument, Thomas Aquinas
    15:A Fourteenth-Century Cosmological Argument, John Duns Scotus
    16:A Seventeenth-Century Cosmological Argument, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
    17:A Modern Cosmological Argument, Herbert McCabe
    18:Objections to Cosmological Arguments, Paul Edwards
    19:More Objections to Cosmological Arguments, J.L. Mackie
    20:Why is a Cause Always Necessary?, David Hume
    21:'Whatever Has a Beginning of Existence Must Have a Cause', G.E.M. Anscombe
    22:Can there be an Endless Regress of Causes?, James A. Sadowsky
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Further Reading
    Design Arguments23:Introduction, Thomas Aquinas
    Introduction
    29:Anselm Argues That God Cannot Be Thought Not To Exist, Anselm of Canterbury
    30:Gaunilo Argues that Anselm is Wrong, Gaunilo of Marmoutiers
    31:Anselm Replies to Gaunilo, Anselm of Canterbury
    32:Descartes Defends An Ontological Argument, René Descartes
    33:Descartes Replies to Critics, Pierre Gassendi, Johannes Caterus, René Descartes
    34:A Classic Repudiation of Ontological Arguments, Immanuel Kant
    35:A Contemporary Defence of Ontological Arguments, Alvin Plantinga
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Reading
    God and Human Experience
    Introduction
    36:Why 'Knowing God by Experience' is a Notion Open to Question, C.B. Martin
    37:Can We Know God by Experience?, Peter Donovan
    38:Why Should There Not Be Experience of God?, William P. Alston
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Reading
    PART IV. WHAT IS GOD?
    Introduction
    Advice on Further Reading
    Omnipotent
    Introduction
    39:A Modern Discussion of Divine Omnipotence, Thomas V. Morris
    40:Why Think of God as Omnipotent?, Thomas Aquinas
    41:Miracles and Laws of Nature, Richard Swinburne
    42:Why We Should Disbelieve in Miracles, David Hume
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Reading
    Knowing
    Introduction
    43:Why Ascribe Knowledge to God?, Thomas Aquinas
    44:Omniscience and Human Freedom: a Classic Discussion, Boethius
    45:Problems for the Notion of Divine Omniscience, Nelson Pike
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Further Reading
    Eternal
    Introduction
    46:Why Call God 'Eternal'?, Thomas Aquinas
    47:God is 'Everlasting', not 'Eternal', Nicholas Wolterstorff
    48:A Modern Defence of Divine Eternity, Eleonore Stump and Norman Kretzmann
    49. A Different Modern Defence of Divine Eternity:, Paul Helm
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Reading
    Simple
    Introduction
    50:A Classic Defence of Divine Simplicity, Thomas Aquinas
    51:Problems with Divine Simplicity, Thomas V. Morris
    52:A Modern Defence of Divine Simplicity, Brian Davies
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Further Reading
    Part V. THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
    Introduction
    53:Evil Shows that there is no God, J.L. Mackie
    54:What is Evil?, Augustine of Hippo
    55:Evil Does Not Show That There Is No God, Richard Swinburne
    56:God, Evil, and Divine Responsibility, Herbert McCabe
    57:God and Human Freedom, Thomas Aquinas
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Reading
    Part VI. MORALITY AND RELIGION
    Introduction
    58:God as a 'Postulate' of Sound Moral Thinking, Immanuel Kant
    59:Why Morality Implies the Existence of God, H.P. Owen
    60:Moral Thinking as Awareness of God, Illtyd Trethowan
    61:Morality does not Imply the Existence of God, Kai Nielsen
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Further Reading
    Part VII. PEOPLE AND LIFE AFTER DEATH
    Introduction
    62:Philosophy and Life After Death: The Questions and the Options, Stephen T. Davis
    63:Life After Death: An Ancient Greek View, Plato
    64:Belief in Life After Death Comes from Emotion, not Reason, Bertrand Russell
    65:What Must be True of Me If I Survive My Death?, Peter Geach
    Questions for Discussion
    Advice on Further Reading
    Index

Reviews

""Comprehensive, representative, good guidance and advice", Dr Andrew Dawson, Chester College"

""The selection of articles is exceptionally good for an introductory course in the subject. The questions are also useful for discussion in class and writing projects", Dr Victoria S Harrison, Birkbeck College"