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Cover

Party Personnel Strategies

Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Matthew S Shugart, Matthew E Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S Krauss, and Robert J Pekkanen

May 2021

ISBN: 9780192897053

336 pages
Hardback
234x156mm

In Stock

Price: £75.00

Key party goals serve to advance a policy brand and maximize seats in the legislature. This book offers a theory of how political parties assign their elected members — their "personnel" — to specialized legislative committees to serve collective organizational goals, developing the notion of "party personnel strategies".

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Description

Key party goals serve to advance a policy brand and maximize seats in the legislature. This book offers a theory of how political parties assign their elected members — their "personnel" — to specialized legislative committees to serve collective organizational goals, developing the notion of "party personnel strategies".

  • Develops a novel theory of how political parties assign their elected members to legislative committees to serve party goals
  • The result of collaborative international research effort analysing six thousand legislators from diverse electoral systems
  • Serves as a foundational reference for those interested in the placement of legislators onto committees

About the Author(s)

Matthew S Shugart, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of California, Davis, Matthew E Bergman, Post-Doctoral Researcher, University of Vienna, Cory L. Struthers, Assistant Professor, University of Georgia, Ellis S Krauss, Professor Emeritus at the School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California, San Diego, and Robert J Pekkanen, Professor, University of Washington

Matthew S. Shugart is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Political Science, University of California, Davis, and Affiliated Professor of the University of Haifa. He is a world renowned scholar of democratic institutions, and a two-time winner of the George H. Hallet Award, given annually by the Representation and Electoral Systems Section of the American Political Science Association for a book that has made a lasting contribution to the field.

Matthew E. Bergman has lectured on the topics of comparative and international political economy, comparative European politics, quantitative methodologies, research design, public policy analysis, and legal reasoning. He was the founding director of the Krinsk-Houston Law & Politics Initiative at the University of California, San Diego, and is currently a post-doctoral researcher hosted at the University of Vienna.

Cory L. Struthers is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Public Administration and Policy. Her research concerns how political institutions and rules shape the incentives and decisions of elected officials and bureaucrats, with a special focus on the politics of climate change and the environment in American and comparative contexts. Her work has been published in Political Science Research Methods, Research & Politics, Climate and Development, and the Journal of Forestry.

Ellis S. Krauss is a Professor Emeritus at the School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California, San Diego. He has published nine authored or edited books and over 70 articles on postwar Japanese politics, comparative politics, and on U.S.-Japan relations in political science and Asian studies journals. He was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, 3rd Class with Gold Leaves and Neck Ribbon, from the Emperor and government of Japan for professional accomplishments.

Robert J. Pekkanen is Professor at the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington. He has published articles in journals such as The American Political Science Review, The British Journal of Political Science, and Comparative Political Studies. He has published ten books on electoral systems, American nonprofit advocacy, Japanese civil society, and Japanese elections and political parties.

Table of Contents

    Preface
    1:Introduction
    2:Committees Type and The Expertise Model of Party Personnel
    3:The Electoral-Constituency Model of Party Personnel
    4:How to Quantitatively Assess Party-Level Committee Placements
    5:Germany: Harnessing Expertise and Connecting to Constituencies under Mixed-Member Proportional Representation
    6:Japan: Decisive Districts in a Mixed-Member System and the Impact of Electoral Reform
    7:Israel: How Parties Harness Expertise in a Nationwide Proportional Representation System
    8:Portugal: Trading-off Expertise and Regional Representation under Districted Proportional Representation
    9:Britain: District Representation and Expertise under First-past-the-post
    10:New Zealand: The Removal of Decisive District Competition and Shifts of Personnel Strategies
    11:Conclusion: Assessing Party Personnel Practices under Varying Electoral Systems
    Appendices

Reviews

"Large parliamentary parties use committee assignments strategically to enhance their distinctive brands, signalling commitment and expertise by matching legislator attributes to committee type. Electoral systems leverage votes, forcing committee trade-offs. Party Personnel Strategies develops, explores, and tests these theories in a major contribution to our comparative understanding of parliamentary linkages." - G. Bingham Powell, Jr, Marie C. Wilson and Joseph C. Wilson Professor of Political Science, University of Rochester

"Party Personnel Strategies provides an important new framework for understanding a key element of the internal organization of parliaments. By recognizing the poor fit of US Congress based models to fused powers systems the authors are able to present a new model of committee assignment." - Amie Kreppel, Jean Monnet Chair and Founding Director of the Jean Monnet Center of Excellence, University of Florida

"We know electoral systems help determine party systems but here we learn how they help determine the industrial organization of parliaments. A highly original and persuasive account: a must-own book for scholars of parliamentary politics." - Keith Dowding, Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Political Philosophy, Australian National University

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