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Cover

Analyzing Classical Form

An Approach for the Classroom

William E. Caplin

November 2013

ISBN: 9780199987290

768 pages
Paperback
279x216mm

Price: £68.00

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Description

Analyzing Classical Form offers an approach to the analysis of musical form that is especially suited for classroom use at both undergraduate and graduate levels. Students will learn how to make complete harmonic and formal analyses of music drawn from the instrumental works of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.

  • A modern theory of musical form, one that has already proven itself as highly influential within the music-theoretical communities of North America and abroad
  • A highly systematic and comprehensive approach that leads the students from a mastery of simple formal structures through to the complexities of complete full-movement forms
  • Includes four hundred musical examples, whose audio content can be streamed online from the book's companion website

About the Author(s)

William E. Caplin, James McGill Professor of Music Theory, McGill University, Canada

William Caplin is James McGill Professor of Music Theory at the Schulich School of Music, McGill University, specializing in the theory of musical form and the history of harmonic and rhythmic theory in the modern era. A former president of the Society for Music Theory, he is currently a Killam Research Fellow writing a large-scale study on musical cadence.

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1 A Review of Harmony
    The Basics
    Harmonic vocabulary
    Harmonic progressions
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Tonic function
    Dominant function
    Pre-dominant function
    Prolongational progressions
    Cadential progressions
    Sequential progressions
    Finer Points
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Part 1 Conventional Theme-Types
    Chapter 2 The Sentence
    The Basics
    Presentation phrase
    Continuation phrase
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Basic idea
    Repetition of the basic idea
    Tonic prolongation
    Presentation phrase versus presentation function
    Continuation function
    Cadential function
    Continuation
    Finer Points
    "Real" versus "notated" measures
    Modulating sentence
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Chapter 3 The Period
    The Basics
    Antecedent phrase
    Consequent phrase
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Basic idea
    Contrasting idea
    Weak cadential closure
    Return of the basic idea
    Strong cadential closure
    Boundary processes: lead-in, elision
    Finer Points
    Antecedent (and consequent) as "mini-sentence"
    Modulating period; cadential strength
    Reinterpreted half cadence
    Sentence versus period
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Chapter 4 Hybrid Themes
    The Basics
    Hybrid types
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Hybrid type: antecedent + continuation
    Hybrid type: antecedent + cadential
    Compound basic idea
    Hybrid type: compound basic idea + continuation
    Hybrid type: compound basic idea + consequent
    Finer Points
    Hybrid themes in relation to the sentence and period
    Appearances of the basic idea
    Phrase ambiguities
    Other "hybrid" possibilities
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Chapter 5 Phrase Deviations, Cadential Deviations, and Framing Functions
    The Basics
    Phrase deviations
    Cadential deviations
    Framing functions
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Phrase deviations
    Cadential deviations
    Framing functions
    Finer Points
    Contrasting idea replaced by continuation phrase
    Codetta closes with cadence; cadence of limited scope
    Boundary process: melodic overlap
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Chapter 6 Compound Themes
    The Basics
    Compound Period
    Compound Sentence
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Compound Period
    Compound Sentence
    Finer Points
    Compound period
    Real vs. notated measures
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Chapter 7 The Small Ternary (Rounded Binary)
    The Basics
    Exposition (A)
    Contrasting middle (B)
    Recapitulation (A´)
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Tight-knit versus loose formal organization
    Exposition (A)
    Contrasting middle (B)
    Recapitulation (A´)
    Finer Points
    Contrasting middle (B)
    Recapitulation (A´)
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Chapter 8 The Small Binary
    The Basics
    Part 1
    Part 2
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Part 1
    Part 2
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Model Composition
    Part 2 Sonata Form
    Chapter 9 Sonata Form-An Overview
    Large-scale formal structure
    Large-scale tonal structure
    Exposition
    Let's Practice
    Development
    Let's Practice
    Recapitulation
    Let's Practice
    Chapter 10 Exposition (I)-Main Theme
    The Basics
    More Details
    Conventional theme-types
    Nonconventional theme-types
    Finer Points
    Main-theme group
    Character and affect
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 11 Exposition (II)-Transition
    The Basics
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Style, character, dynamics
    Boundary processes: accompanimental overlap, elision
    Modulation techniques
    Opening strategies
    Phrase-structural organization; loosening devices
    Closure
    Finer Points
    Unusual opening strategies
    Two-part transition
    Omission of concluding function
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 12 Exposition (III)-Subordinate Theme
    The Basics
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Contrasting nature of the subordinate theme
    Looser sentential functions
    Internal half cadence (dominant arrival)
    Subordinate-theme group
    Closing section
    Finer Points
    Omission of initiating function
    Expanded periodic design
    Expanded repetition of a subordinate theme
    Harmonic-tonal loosening
    Thematic introduction
    Obscured boundary between transition and subordinate theme
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 13 Development
    The Basics
    Tonal organization
    Phrase-structural organization
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Melodic-motivic material
    Core
    Pre-core
    Retransition
    Finer Points
    Development sections without a core
    Transitional introduction
    Unusual endings
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 14 Recapitulation
    The Basics
    An analytical methodology-comparison
    Tonal-harmonic organization
    Structural changes
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Thematic functions of the recapitulation
    Structural changes: main theme
    Structural changes: transition
    Structural changes: subordinate theme (group)
    Finer Points
    Additional features of the recapitulation
    Fusion of main theme and transition
    Deviations from the norm
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 15 Coda
    The Basics
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Melodic-motivic material of the coda
    Start of the Coda
    Phrase structural organization of the coda
    Compensatory functions
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 16 Slow Introduction
    The Basics
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Style and affect
    Tonal, phrase-structural, and motivic organization
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Part 3 Other Full-Movement Forms
    Chapter 17 Slow-Movement Forms
    The Basics
    Large Ternary
    Theme and Variations
    Sonata without development
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Large ternary versus small ternary
    Large ternary-interior theme
    Large ternary-coda
    Theme and variations-structural alterations
    Finer Points
    Sonata form in slow movements
    Sonata without development-truncated recapitulation
    Ending a slow movement
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 18 Minuet/Trio Form
    The Basics
    Minuet/trio form
    Minuet form
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Exposition (A)
    Contrasting middle (B section)
    Recapitulation (A´)
    Coda
    Trio
    Finer Points
    Binary minuet form
    Minuet/trio form-functional relations
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 19 Rondo Forms
    The Basics
    Five-part rondo
    Sonata-rondo
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Main theme
    Subordinate-theme complex
    Interior theme
    Returns of the main theme
    Development
    Coda
    Finer Points
    Deviations from the norm
    Enlargements of rondo form-seven-part rondo, nine-part sonata-rondo
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Chapter 20 Concerto Form
    The Basics
    Opening ritornello
    Solo Exposition
    Subordinate-key ritornello
    Let's Practice
    More Details
    Opening ritornello
    Solo Exposition
    Subordinate-key ritornello
    Solo Development
    Solo Recapitulation
    Closing ritornello
    Reviewing the Theory
    Examples for Analysis
    Glossary of Terms
    Notes
    Index of Musical Compositions
    General Index