Bryman & Bell: Business Research Methods International 4e
Chapter 4: Web links
National Statistics Online
This is the web site of the Office of National Statistics. Through this site you can explore the extensive range of data collected about life in the UK.
This is the portal to the official website of the European Union run by the Communication department of the European Commission. If you are looking for information on the services provided by the EU, this is a great starting point.
Concepts and Definitions
Answers.com is a Q&A website and our students recommend it as a great port of call to help you get your heads around some of those tricky business and management concepts; however it is a community generated on social knowledge, so we would advise that you approach it with caution!
Wikipedia is a free and accessible online encyclopedia built collaboratively using wiki software and is a great knowledge base to help you better understand broad theories and concepts; however most universities will not acknowledge information that has been cited from Wikipedia, so we suggest using it as a tool to enhance your own understanding, and refrain from relying on it in your research papers!
Our students have recommended this as a good site for exploring the general concept of management, although again we wouldn?t recommend that you cite from it, it can be a good starting point to get tips on general management skills to help new managers to get started and experienced managers to get better.
Google scholar is an aspect of Google that allows you to search solely through the landscape of scholarly literature and academic articles across a multitude of disciplines. Search results are drawn from such sources as peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles from a range of academic publishers, professional societies, universities and other academic organizations and can be a great tool to filter your web-based research.
Advanced Institute of Management
This link takes you to the Advanced Institute of Management website. AIM are an organization that specialize in the field of management research and by logging on to their site you can access their research and publications and keep up to speed with the latest information on business-related events throughout the year.
The Academy of Management (AOM)
This is the homepage of the Academy of Management (AOM) who are a professional association established to help scholars and professionals share their knowledge of management and business organizations.
The British Academy of Management
The British Academy of Management, or BAM as it is also known, run conferences, journals and various training and development events and have strong ties with numerous business organizations across the UK and internationally.
Case Studies and Current Affairs
Looking for case studies on current business issues? Our students recommended the BBC news web site for being reasonably well balanced and fairly analytical as well as a great way of keeping up with the latest issues in the business world and case study analyses ?you can access the link here.
The Economist is a hot spot for business-related articles as well as information on company and industry profiles. Full access to this site does require you to have a full print subscription, but many articles can be accessed for free.
High Profile Case Studies
This is a link to 100 Case studies on well-known organization that have been provided by The Times newspaper. It should be noted though, that some of the theoretical material on this site is not adequate for university level study and can often be uncritical.
The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development
The CIPD is Europe?s largest HR and development professional body. As an internationally recognized company their site is full of useful articles, information and tips and for any managers out there, it is definitely worth a visit.
Our students recommend Entrepreneur as a good site for sourcing relevant business topics; but bear in mind that the information here is sometimes tailored more towards practitioners than researchers.
Monthly Management Mag
Venture prides itself on being a lively, non-stuffy monthly Business Management magazine that aims to help you develop and improve business and marketing ideas ? again perhaps geared more towards professionals than researchers, but our students seem to rate it as an interesting read.
Some sites to approach with care!
This site contains articles and ideas on Business management by Robert Heller and Edward de Bono. The content here may not be too wholly appropriate for your research papers, but it does contain some interesting theories and a ?Management Library? where you can browse your way through a range of business-related materials.
Business Balls again is a site which is less suitable to pursue for academic study ? either because the theories are slightly simplistic or the information might not be entirely reliable:
This link will take you to the homepage of Endnote; another key software tool that will help you to create bibliographic records, and compile your own personal reference database.
Reference Manager is the third windows-based bibliographic system which can save you time and effort when creating your bibliography. The records you create can be automatically formatted to suit different requirements, which is great if you need to comply with the referencing requirements of a particularly scholarly journal:
Free downloadable Bibliographic tools!
If your university doesn?t have access to one of the key bibliographic software systems, then EndNote Web is available free to students of institutions subscribing to ISI Web of Knowledge and can be downloaded here:
A Literature Review Guide
This site contains a valuable guide to writing a literature review, authored by Peter Wilson of the Centre for Learning Development at the University of Hull. You will notice the document is written in a good, clear, academic style, so it practices what it preaches! Wilson uses the footnote method of referencing, which works very well. Bryman and Bell favour the Harvard system, one of a number of Author-Date systems. Make sure to check with your own institution for its precise requirements.
Various Types of Literature
Another excellent guide, this time with an American orientation. This site is particularly good on the various kinds of literature that may be accessed. These authors use an Author-Date referencing system.
Advice on Paraphrasing
This site (and the one previous) is among the most popular links used by other academic institutions around the world. This section is chosen for its valuable advice on paraphrasing our readings, but you will find lots of other useful pointers elsewhere in the site?s pages.
How Much Must You Read?
A quick visit to Australia for a super, short but comprehensive, guide, including very practical pointers about the number of references to include in your literature depending on the type of dissertation (such as whether it's for undergraduate or postgraduate study). Navigating to ?Acknowledging Sources? will bring up a detailed examination of referencing systems. Remember, your own institution?s requirements come first!
A Valuable Checklist
Back to North America for another short guide, written by Dena Taylor and Margaret Procter. Much as we would like to give credit to website contributors, we cannot always do so, since many websites are written in a corporate style, leaving the specific authors anonymous. This time, we can give the credit for a quite ingenious checklist.
Bryman and Bell discuss NVivo as computer software useful in qualitative research. In the paper available on this site, Silvana di Gregorio elaborates on its use as a literature review tool. Di Gregorio is a trainer and consultant of international repute in the field of qualitative research software. Her commercial website (www.sdgassociates.com) contains lots of book reviews, among other useful bits and pieces.