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Complete Economics for Cambridge IGCSE® and O Level

Support success with a modular approach and full syllabus support

Author Dan Moynihan and Author Brian Titley

Suitable for:  Students of Cambridge IGCSE & O Level Economics (0455/2281)

Price:  £31.50

ISBN: 978-0-19-840970-0
Publication date: 14/06/2018
Paperback: 504 pages
Dimensions: 276x219mm

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Completely supporting the latest Cambridge IGCSE and O Level syllabuses, Complete Economics helps build foundations for the future with a rigorous, modular approach. Drive assessment success with extensive exam guidance embedded throughout.


  • Be confident of full syllabus support with a comprehensive mapping grid drawn directly from the latest syllabuses (0455/2281)
  • Stretch your students with challenging and varied activities.
  • Maximise assessment performance with embedded exam guidance throughout.
  • Embed exam confidence with multiple choice and structured questions integrated throughout.
  • Link theory to current economics practice with up-to-date international examples
  • Support students' learning with interactive tests, an Economics dictionary, exam-style practice and Student Book answers on the accompanying support site.

This page was last updated on 16 January 2019 at 04:30 GMT


  • I have been using successive versions of this book with students over many years. They find it highly accessible yet both rigorous and fun. It really does engage them and builds their understanding as well as their confidence in exams. - Teacher review, Amazon
  • I have been teaching Cambridge IGCSE Economics for 9 years, and Complete Economics is our main text book. I found the book is to be a complete text where students find content, practice materials and chapter end exercises which build their confidence to face the Cambridge assessment. Many students have gotten an A and A* referring this book. In short this is truly a complete book. - Suprava Sahu, Economics Teacher, Kiit International School, India
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Table of Contents

Syllabus matching grid
1 The basic economic problem
1.1 The nature of the economic problem
1.1.1: Finite resources and unlimited wants
1.1.2: Economic and free goods
1.2 Factors of production
1.2.1: Definitions of the factors of production and their rewards
1.2.2: Mobility of the factors of production
1.2.3: Quantity and quality of the factors of production
1.3 Opportunity cost
1.3.1: Definition of opportunity cost
1.3.2: The influence of opportunity cost on decision making
1.4 Production possibility curves (PPC)
1.4.1: Definition of PPC
1.4.2: Points under, on and beyond a PPC
1.4.3: Movements along a PPC
1.4.4: Shifts in a PPC
2 The allocation of resources
2.1 Microeconomics and macroeconomics
2.1.1: Microeconomics
2.1.2: Macroeconomics
2.2 The role of markets in allocating resources
2.2.1: The market system
2.2.2: Key resources allocation decisions
2.2.3: Introduction to the price mechanism
2.3 Demand
2.3.1: Definition of demand
2.3.2: Price and demand
2.3.3: Individual and market demand
2.3.4: Conditions of demand
2.4 Supply
2.4.1: Definition of supply
2.4.2: Price and supply
2.4.3: Individual and market supply
2.4.4: Conditions of supply
2.5 Price determination
2.5.1: Market equilibrium
2.5.2: Market disequilibrium
2.6 Price changes
2.6.1: Causes of price changes
2.6.2: Consequences of price changes
2.7 Price elasticity of demand (PED)
2.7.1: Definition of PED
2.7.2: Calculation of PED
2.7.3: Determinants of PED
2.7.4: PED and total spending on a product/revenue
2.7.5: Significance of PED
2.8 Price elasticity of supply (PES)
2.8.1: Definition of PES
2.8.2: Calculation of PES
2.8.3: Determinants of PES
2.8.4: Significance of PES
2.9 Market economic system
2.9.1: Definition of market economic system
2.9.2: Advantages and disadvantages of the market economic system
2.10 Market failure
2.10.1: Definition of market failure
2.10.2: Causes of market failure
2.10.3: Consequences of market failure
2.11 Mixed economic system
2.11.1: Definition of the mixed economic system
2.11.2: Government intervention to address market failure
3 Microeconomic decision makers
3.1 Money and banking
3.1.1: Money
3.1.2: Banking
3.2 Households
3.2.1: Influences on spending, saving and borrowing
3.3 Workers
3.3.1: Factors affecting an individual's choice of occupation
3.3.2: Wage determination
3.3.3: Reasons for differences in earnings
3.3.4: Division of labour/specialization
3.4 Trade unions
3.4.1: Definition of a trade union
3.4.2: The role of trade unions in the economy
3.4.3: The advantages and disadvantages of trade union activity
3.5 Firms
3.5.1: Classification of firms
3.5.2: Small firms
3.5.3: Causes and forms of the growth of firms
3.5.4: Mergers
3.5.5: Economies and diseconomies of scale
3.6 Firms and production
3.6.1: Demand for factors of production
3.6.2: Labour-intensive and capital-intensive production

3.6.3: Production and productivity
3.7 Firms' costs, revenues and objectives
3.7.1: Definition of costs of production
3.7.2: Calculation of costs of production
3.7.3: Definition of revenue
3.7.4: Calculation of revenue
3.7.5: Objectives of firms
3.8 Market structure
3.8.1: Competitive markets
3.8.2: Monopoly markets
4 Government and the macroeconomy
4.1 The role of government
4.1.1: The role of government
4.2 The macroeconomic aims of government
4.2.1: The macroeconomic aims of government
4.2.2: Possible conflicts between macroeconomic aims
4.3 Fiscal policy
4.3.1: Definition of the budget
4.3.2: Reasons for government spending
4.3.3: Reasons for taxation
4.3.4: Classification of taxes
4.3.5: Principles of taxation
4.3.6: Impact of taxation
4.3.7: Definition of fiscal policy
4.3.8: Fiscal policy measures
4.3.9: Effects of fiscal policy on government macroeconomic aims
4.4 Monetary policy
4.5 Supply-side policy
4.5.1: Definition of supply-side policy
4.5.2: Supply-side policy measures
4.5.3: Effects of supply-side policy measures on government macroeconomic aims
4.6 Economic growth
4.6.1: Definition of economic growth
4.6.2: Measurement of economic growth
4.6.3: Causes and consequences of recession
4.6.4: Causes of economic growth
4.6.5: Consequences of economic growth
4.6.6: Consequences of economic growth
4.7 Employment and unemployment
4.7.1: Definition of employment, unemployment and full employment
4.7.2: Changing patterns and level of employment
4.7.3: Measurement of unemployment
4.7.4: Causes/types of unemployment
4.7.5: Consequences of unemployment
4.7.6: Policies to reduce unemployment
4.8 Inflation and deflation
4.8.1: Definition of inflation and deflation
4.8.2: Measurement of inflation and deflation
4.8.3: Causes of inflation and deflation
4.8.4: Consequences of inflation and deflation
4.8.5: Policies to control inflation and deflation
5 Economic development
5.1 Living standards
5.1.1: Indicators of living standards
5.1.2: Comparing living standards and income distribution
5.2 Poverty
5.2.1: Definition of absolute and relative poverty
5.2.2: The causes of poverty
5.2.3: Policies to alleviate poverty and redistribute income
5.3 Population
5.3.1: The factors that affect population growth
5.3.2: Reasons for different rates of population growth in different countries
5.3.3: The effects of changes in the size and structure of population on different countries
5.4 Differences in economic development between countries
5.4.1: Differences in economic development between countries
6 International trade and specialization
6.1 International specialization
6.1.1: Specialization at a national level
6.1.2: Advantages and disadvantages of specialization at a national level
6.2 Globalization, free trade and protection
6.2.1: Definition of globalization
6.2.2: Role of multinational companies (MNCs)
6.2.3: The benefits of free trade
6.2.4: Methods of protection
6.2.5: Reasons for protection
6.2.6: Consequences of protection
6.3 Foreign exchange rates
6.3.1: Definition of foreign exchange rate
6.3.2: Determination of foreign exchange rate in foreign exchange market
6.3.3: Causes of foreign exchange rate fluctuations
6.3.4: Consequences of foreign exchange rate fluctuations
6.3.5: Floating and fixed foreign exchange rates
6.4 Current account of balance of payments
6.4.1: Structure
6.4.2: Causes of current account deficit and surplus
6.4.3: Consequences of current account deficit and surplus
6.4.4: Policies to achieve balance of payments stability