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English

AQA GCSE English Language and Literature

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We are grateful for permission to include extracts from the following copyright texts:

Suzanne Collins: opening line of The Hunger Games (Scholastic, 2008), used by permission of Scholastic Inc.

Stella Gibbons: extract from Cold Comfort Farm (Penguin Classics, 2006),copyright © Stella Gibbons 1932, used by permission of Curtis Brown Group Ltd, London on behalf of the Estate of Stella Gibbons.

William Golding: opening line of Lord of the Flies (Faber, 2009), copyright © William Golding 1954, used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

Graham Greene: opening line of Brighton Rock (Vintage, 2011), copyright © Graham Greene 1938, used by permission of David Higham Associates.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr: from 'Letter from Birmingham Jail', 16 April 1963, copyright © 1963 Dr Martin Luther King Jr, © renewed 1991 by Coretta Scott King, and Coretta Scott King, reprinted by arrangement with the Heirs to the Estate of Martin Luther King Jr., c/o Writers House as agent for the proprietor, New York, NY, USA.

Stephanie Meyer: opening lines of Twilight (Little Brown, 2005), used by permission of Little Brown & Company, Hachette Book Group Inc.

J K Rowling: opening lines of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (Bloomsbury, 1997), copyright © J K Rowling 1997, reprinted by permission of The Blair Partnership for the author.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.


The authors and publisher would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

Michel Rauch/Biosphoto/FLPA; Bayanova Svetlana/Shutterstock; yexelA/Shutterstock; Dariush M/Shutterstock; S.Borisov/Shutterstock; Dundanim/Shutterstock; duchy/Shutterstock; Halfpoint/Shutterstock; i4lcocl2/Shutterstock; Sander van der Werf/Shutterstock; Shahid Khan/Shutterstock; leungchopan/Shutterstock; Andrey Bayda/Shutterstock; A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 1881-82 (oil on canvas), Manet, Edouard (1832-83)/© Samuel Courtauld Trust, The Courtauld Gallery, London, UK/Bridgeman Images

Catapult 1

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We are grateful for permission to reprint extracts from the following copyright material in these resources:

David Almond: extract from Skellig (Hodder Children’s Books, 2013), copyright © David Almond 1998, used by permission of Hodder Children’s Books, an imprint of Hachette Children’s Books, Carmelite House, 50 Victoria Embankment, London EC4Y 0DZ.

Peter Benson: extract from A Lesser Dependency (Macmillan, 1989), copyright © Peter Benson 1989, used by permission of Pan Macmillan through PLSclear 

Gillian Clarke: ‘Cold Knap Lake’ from Collected Poems (Carcanet, 1997), copyright © Gillian Clarke 1997, used by permission of Carcanet Press Ltd.

Helen Cresswell: extract from Moondial (Faber/Penguin, 1987), copyright © Helen Cresswell 1987, used by permission of Faber Faber Ltd.

Severn Cullis-Suzuki: extracts from ‘I’m Only a Child, but...’ speech representing the Environmental Children’s Organization at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992), used by permission of Severn Cullis-Suzuki.

Carl Dos Santos: extract from ‘Skydiving’ from www.adventureliving.com, used by permission of the author.

Ruth Fowler: extract from ‘Venice Beach: from nasty to nice’, The Observer, 31 Jan 2010, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2010, 2018, used by permission of GNM Ltd.

Cornelia Funke: extract from Ghost Knight translated by Oliver Latsch (Orion Children's Books, 2012), copyright © Cornelia Funke 2011, translation copyright © 2012, used by permission of the publishers, an imprint of Hachette Children’s Books, Carmelite House, 50 Victoria Embankment, London, EC4Y 0DZ.

Guy Grieve: extract from ‘The day I survived a very grizzly bear attack’, Daily Mail, 26 Nov 2009, used by permission of Solo Syndication/Associated Newspapers Ltd.

Halsbury Travel: extract from ‘Ada Lovelace Day’ article, www.halsbury.com, used by permission of Halsbury Travel, school tours operator.

Paul Harris: ‘International Mission to solve mystery of how pioneer aviator disappeared: An expedition will test items found on a Pacific island for DNA of 1930s heroine Amelia Earhart’, The Observer, 2 Aug 2009, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2009, 2018, used by permission of GNM Ltd.

Idaho Public Television: extract from ‘Robotics: Facts’, Science Trek, Idaho Public Television, (http://www.idahoptv.org/sciencetrek), used by permission of Idaho Public Television.

The Independent: extract from Letter to the Editor, ‘Please stop treating wheelchair users as if they are invisible’, The Independent, 29 Nov 2017, copyright © The Independent 2017, used by permission of Independent Print Ltd/ ESI Media.

Jonathan Jones: extract from ‘A picture of loneliness: you are looking at the last male northern white rhino’, The Guardian, 12 May 2015, copyright © Guardian News & Media Ltd 2015, used by permission of GNM.

Franz Kafka translated by Michael Hofmann: opening line of ‘Metamorphosis’ in Metamorphosis and Other Stories (Penguin Modern Classics, 2015), translation copyright © Michael Hofmann 2007, used by permission of United Agents ( www.unitedagents.co.uk), on behalf of Michael Hofmann.

C S Lewis: opening line of The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (HarperColins, 2009), copyright © C S Lewis Pte Ltd 1952, used by permission of The C S Lewis Company Ltd.

Gill Lewis: extract from White Dolphin (OUP, 2012), copyright © Gill Lewis 2012, used by permission of Oxford University Press.

John H Lienhard: extract from ‘An Egyptian model airplane’, episode 328 of Engines of Our Ingenuity, copyright © John H Lienhard 1988-1997, used by permission of the author.

Penelope Lively: extract from ‘The Darkness Out There’ from Corruption (Heinemann, 1984), copyright © Penelope Lively 1984, used by permission of David Higham Associates Ltd.

Geraldine McCaughrean: extract from Where the World Ends (Usborne, 2017), copyright © Geraldine McCaughrean 2017, used by permission of David Higham Associates.

Cara McGoogan: ‘Delivery robots to replace takeaway delivery drivers in London trial’

The Telegraph, 6 July 2016, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2016, used by permission of TMG.

Marga Minco: extract from Bitter Herbs: a little chronicle translated from the Dutch Het bittere Kruid by Roy Edwards (OUP, 1960/Penguin, 1991), used by permission of Marga Minco and Prometheus BV.

Michael Morpurgo: extract from Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Walker Books, 2004), copyright © Michael Morpurgo 2004, used  by permission of David Higham Associates.

Patrick Ness: extract from A Monster Calls (Candlewick Press, 2011) copyright © Patrick Ness 2011, based on an original idea by Siobhan Dowd, used by permission of Walker Books Ltd, London SE11 5HJ, www.walker.co.uk

Leslie Norris: ‘The Tiger’ from Leslie Norris: The Complete Poems (Seren, 2008), used by permission of Professor Meic Stephens.

Jennifer O’Connor: extract from ‘Reasons NEVER to buy a snake’ from www.peta.org, used by permission of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

Maggie O’Farrell: extract from I Am, I Am, I Am:: Seventeen brushes with death (Tinder Press, 2017), copyright © Maggie O’Farell 2017, used by permission of Headline Publishing Group.

George Orwell: opening line of Nineteen Eighty Four (Penguin, 2013), copyright © George Orwell 1949, used by permission of A M Heath & Co Ltd on behalf of Bill Hamilton as the Literary Executor of the Estate of the Late Sonia Brownell Orwell.

Playing Out: extract from the website www.playingout.net, used by permission of Playing Out CIC.

Quite Interesting Ltd (QI): extract on Mary Anning from the QI website at http://qi.com/infocloud/mary-anning, used by permission Quite Interesting Ltd.

Patrick Rothfuss: opening lines of The Name of the Wind (Victor Gollancz, 2008), copyright © Patrick Rothfuss 2007, used by permission of The Orion Publishing Group, London

Dodie Smith: opening line of I Capture the Castle (Vintage, 2004), copyright © Dodie Smith 1949, used by permission of The Random House Group Ltd.

Alice Walker: opening line of The Color Purple (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2014)), copyright © Alice Walker 1982, used by permission of David Higham Associates Ltd.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Artwork by Mark Walker

Catapult 2

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Catapult 2 Kerboodle Acknowledgements

 

We are grateful for permission to include extracts from the following copyright material in digital formats in these resources:

 

John Agard: ‘Crybaby Prime Minister’ first published in Get Back Pimple (Viking, 1996) from Half-Caste and other poems (Hodder Children’s Books, 2004), copyright © John Agard 1996, 2004; Recording of John Agard reading ‘Crybaby Prime Minister’ for The Poetry Station, English and Media Centre; both used by permission of John Agard, c/o Caroline Sheldon Literary Agency Ltd.

 

Simon Armitage: ‘Give’ from Dead Sea Poems (Faber, 2001), copyright © Simon Armitage 2001, used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

 

Kate Atkinson: extract from Life After Life (Doubleday, 2013), copyright © Kate Atkinson 2013, used by permission of The Random House Group Ltd

 

Ellie Bloggs: extract from ‘Off with Stress’ from www.pcbloggs.blogspot.co.uk, used by permission of the author, Natalie Gaibani.

 

Ronald Blythe: extract from Akenfield (Penguin Classics, 2005), copyright © Ronald Blythe 1969, 1999, used by permission of the author c/o Johnson & Alcock Ltd

 

Charlie Burden: extracts from Lord Sugar: The Man Who Revolutionised British Business

(John Blake Publishing, 2010), copyright © Charlie Burden 2010, used by permission of the publishers, Kings Road Publishing, Bonnier Books UK.

 

Darcey Bussell: extract from her story in Margaret Rooke: Creative Successful Dyslexic: 23 High Achievers Tell Their Story (JKP, 2016), copyright © Margaret Rooke 2016, used by permission of Jessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd through PLSclear.

 

Gemma Cairney: ‘Margate Calling’ in Hometown Tales: South Coast by Gemma Cairney and Judy Upton (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2018), copyright © Gemma Cairney 2018, used by permission of the publishers, The Orion Publishing Group.

 

Joanna Cates: extract from ‘As parents we need to ask ourselves whether children really need their own Smartphones’, Huffington Post, 11 May 2017, copyright © Joanna Cates 2017, used by permission of the author.

 

Louise Doughty: Whatever You Love (Faber, 2010), copyright © Louise Doughty 2010, used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

 

Carol Ann Duffy: ‘A Child’s Sleep’ from New and Collected Poems for Children (Faber, 2009), copyright © Carol Ann Duffy 2009, used by permission of the author c/o Rogers, Coleridge & White Ltd, 20 Powis Mews, London W11 1JN.

 

Kate Ellis: extract from ‘The Christmas Card List’ as published on www.thecrimevault.com, used by permission of the author, c/o A M Heath & Co Ltd.

 

Leon Garfield: extract from Smith (Puffin Classics, 2014), copyright © Leon Garfield 1932, 1967, used by permission of the Estate of Leon Garfield c/o Johnson & Alcock Ltd.

 

Morris Gleitzman: extract from Once (Puffin, 2005), copyright © Creative Input Pty Ltd 2005, used by permission of Penguin Random House Australia Pty Ltd; extract from audiobook narrated by Morris Gleitzman, used by permission of the publishers, Bolinda Publishing Pty Ltd.

 

Kiran Millwood Hargrave: extract from The Island at the End of Everything (Chicken House, 2017), copyright © Kiran Millwood Hargrave 2017, used by permission of Chicken House Ltd. All rights reserved.

 

Gerry Harrison (Ed): extracts from To Fight Alongside Friends: The First World War Diaries of Charlie May (Collins, 2014), copyright © Gerry Harrison 2014, used by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.

 

Victoria Hislop: The Sunrise (Headline Review, 2015), copyright © Victoria Hislop 2014, used by permission of Headline Publishing Group.

 

Anthony Horowitz: extract from Stormbreaker (Walker, 2015), text copyright © Stormbreaker Productions Ltd 2000, used by permission of Walker Books Ltd, www.walker.co.uk

 

Jackie Kay: ‘Old Tongue’ from Darling: New and Selected Poems (Bloodaxe, 2007),  copyright © Jackie Kay 2007, used by permission of Bloodaxe Books, www.bloodaxebooks.com.

 

Polly Neate: extract from ‘Don’t Assume the only homeless people are those on the streets’,

New Statesman, 9 Nov 2017, used by permission of New Statesman Ltd.

 

Anne Porter: ‘A List of Praises’ from Living Things (Steerforth Press, 2006), copyright © Anne Porter 2006, used by permission of the publishers.

 

Terry Pratchett: extract from A Hat Full of Sky (Corgi, 2005), copyright © Terry and Lyn Pratchett 2004, used by permission of The Random House Group Ltd.

      

Jon Sharman: extract from ‘Teachers blame obsession with exams as number of pupils being expelled soars’, Independent, 20 July 2017, copyright © The Independent 2017, used by permission of Independent Digital News and Media/ESI Media.

 

Martin Stewart: extract from The Sacrifice Box (Penguin, 2018), copyright © Martin Stewart 2018, used by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

 

Donna Tartt: extract from The Secret History (Alfred Knopf, 1992/Penguin, 1993, 2016), copyright © Donna Tartt 1992, used by permission of Penguin Books Ltd, and Alfred A Knopf, an imprint of the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House LLC; audio of extract used by permission of the author c/o Aragi, Inc.  All rights reserved.

 

Ed Young: ‘A Remote Paradise Island is now a Plastic Junkyard’, The Atlantic, 15 May 2017, copyright © The Atlantic Media Co, 2017, used by permission of the Atlantic Media Co through Tribune Content Agency. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

Sandra Millers Younger: extract from The Fire Outside My Window: A survivor tells the true story of California’s Epic Cedar Fire (Globe Pequot Press, 2013), copyright © 2013, used by permission of Globe Pequot Press through Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. All rights reserved.

 

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

Essential Anthologies

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

IGCSE English as a Second Language Student Book

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

IGCSE English as a Second Language Teacher Book

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Ignite English

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Ignite English Kerboodle 1

The authors and publisher are grateful for permission to reprint extracts from the following copyright material:

Douglas Adams: Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy : The original Radio Scripts edited by Geoffrey Perkins (Pan, 2003), copyright © Douglas Adams 1985, and The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (Macmillan, new edition, 2009), copyright © Douglas Adams 1979, used by permission of the Estate of Douglas Adams c/o Ed Victor Ltd.

Rachael Aifa: Aisforaylablog entry August 2013, used by permission of the author.

Alison Allen-Gray: Unique (OUP, 2009), copyright © Alison Allen-Gray 2009, used by permission of Oxford University Press.

Isaac Asimov: ‘Robbie’, copyright © Isaac Asimov 1950, from I Robot (Voyager, 2013), and  ‘Cal’, copyright © Nightfall, Inc 1990, from Gold: The Final Science Fiction Collection (Voyager, 1995), used by permission of Doubleday Publishing Group, a division of Random House LLC.  All rights reserved.

Samantha Bangayan: Huancayo travel guide, copyright © Samantha Bangayan 2011, first published on www.howtoperu.com, 1 May 2011, used by permission of the author, www.whatlittlethings.com.

Trevor Baxendale: Dr Who, Wishing Well (BBC Books, 2007), used by permission of the publishers, The Random House Group Ltd.

John G Betancourt: ‘Final Call’, first published in Playing Wonderland (1994), used by permission of the author.

Sujata Bhatt: ‘Search for My Tongue’ from Collected Poems (Carcanet, 2013 ), used by permission of Carcanet Press Ltd.

Christopher Booker: The Seven Basic Plots: Why We Tell Stories (Continuum, 2005), used by permission of the publishers, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.

Kevin Brooks: Martyn Pig (Chicken House, 2002), copyright Kevin Brooks 2002, used by permission of Chicken House Ltd.  All rights reserved.

Terry Brooks: Star Wars Episode 1: The Phantom Menace (Century Random House, 1999), copyright © and ™ 1999-2014 Lucasfilm Ltd, used by permission of Lucasfilm Ltd.  All rights reserved.

Bill Bryson: The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid (Black Swan, 2007), used by permission of the author and Transworld, an imprint of The Random House Group Ltd.

Child Accident Prevention Trust: ‘Burns and scalds’ from Safety Leaflet LEAA007 1999, ‘Step Safely from the Edge’, used by permission of CAPT.

Sue Cowley: Guerilla Guide to Teaching (2e, Continuum, 2007),  used by permission of the publishers, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.

Gillian Cross: Tightrope (OUP, 2010), copyright © Gillian Cross 1999, used by permission of Oxford University Press.

Roald Dahl: ‘Three Little Pigs’ from Revolting Rhymes (Cape, 1982), used by permission of David Higham Associates.

Julia Donaldson: The Gruffalo, illustrated by Axel Scheffler (Macmillan Children’s Books, 1999), text copyright © Julia Donaldson 1999, used by permission of Macmillan Publishers Ltd.

Geoff Dyer: Jeff in Venice: Death in Varansai (Canongate, 2009), copyright © Geoff Dyer 2009, used by permission of Canongate Books Ltd.

Dawn French: Dear Fatty (Cornerstone, 2008), used by permission of The Random House Group Ltd.

Jackie Kay: ‘Old Tongue’ from Darling: New and Selected Poems (Bloodaxe, 2007), used by permission of Bloodaxe Books Ltd.

Sue Kay: ‘Just back - Star Struck in the Desert’, The Telegraph, 22.3.2013, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2013, used by permission of TMG Ltd.

Laurie Lee: Cider with Rosie (Penguin, 1998), copyright © Laurie Lee 1959, used by permission of Curtis Brown Group Ltd, London on behalf of The Estate of Laurie Lee.

Brian Patten: ‘The Armada’ from Armada  (Flamingo, HarperCollins, 1996), copyright © Brian Patten 1996, used by permission of the author c/o Rogers Coleridge & White Ltd, 20 Powis Mews, London W11 1JN.

Justin Richards: Dr Who, Code ofThe Krillitanes (BBC Books, 2010), used by permission of the publishers, The Random House Group Ltd.

Damon Rose: from the Editor, 21 November 2009, 'I hate the countryside. London Rools!’', Ouch, http://www.bbc.co.uk/ouch/writers/damonrose.shtml

Willy Russell: from Act 1 of Blood Brothers (Methuen Drama, 2001), used by permission of the publishers, Bloomsbury Publishing plc.

Vernon Scannell: ‘Nettles’ from New and Collected Poems (Robson Books, 1950), used by permission of the family of Vernon Scannell.

Robert Seatter: ‘I Come From’ from On the Beach with Chet Baker (Seren, 2006), used by permission of the publishers.

Bernard Shaw: from Act 1 of Pygmalion, used by permission of the Society of Authors on behalf of the Bernard Shaw Estate.

John Sheffield: Educating Jack (Corgi, 2012), used by permission of Transworld, an imprint of The Random House Group Ltd.

Mark Sweney & James Robinson: ‘Not all regions like to hear their own accents in ads, survey finds’, The Guardian, 13.5.2009, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2009, used by permission of GNM Ltd.

Benjamin Zephaniah: ‘Talking Turkeys’ from Talking Turkeys (Puffin, 1995),copyright © Benjamin Zephaniah 1994, used by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

 

Ignite English Kerboodle 2

The authors and publisher are grateful for permission to use extracts from the following copyright material:

Ben Bryant: ‘Deepwater Horizon: Key questions answered’, Theguardian.com, 20.4.2011, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2011, used by permission of GNM Ltd.

Raymond Chandler: The Big Sleep (Penguin 2011), copyright © Raymond Chandler 1939, used by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Christopher Hope: ‘You must accept fracking for the good of the country, David Cameron tells southerners', The Telegraph, 11.8.2013, copyright © Telegraph Media Group 2013, used by permission of TMG.

Jonathan Kent: letter published in The Daily Telegraph, 11.4.2013, copyright © Telegraph Media Group 2013, used by permission of TMG.

Geoffrey Lean: ‘BP’s Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: The crude facts of an oil disaster’, The Telegraph, 4.5.2010, copyright © Telegraph Media Group 2010, used by permission of TMG.

Sylvia McLain: ‘On the Pros of Nuclear Power’, The Guardian, 27.11.2012, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2012, used by permission of GNM Ltd.

Robert Mendick: ‘The wind farms that generate enough power to make a few cups of tea’,

The Telegraph, 24.8.2013, copyright © Telegraph Media Group 2013, used by permission of TMG.

Jamie Merrill: ‘Sonic Youth: The high-pitched sound alarm for under 25s’, The Independent, 19.6.2013, copyright © The Independent 2013, used by permission of The Independent, ESI Media, www.independent.co.uk.

Stephenie Meyer: Twilight Saga:  New Moon (Hachette Digital, 2006), used by permission of Little, Brown and Company, Hachette Book Group, Inc.

Adrian Mitchell: lines from ‘Fifteen Million Plastic Bags’ first published in For Beauty Douglas: Collected Poems 1953-1979 (Alison & Busby, 1982), from Come On Everybody: Collected Poems 1953-2008 (Bloodaxe, 2012), used by permission of United Agents LLP on behalf of The Estate of the Late Adrian Mitchell.

Ezra Pound: ‘And the days are not full enough’ from Collected Shorter Poems (Faber, 1984), also from Personae: the collected shorter poems of Ezra Pound (New Directions, 1971), copyright © Ezra Pound 1926, used by permission of New Directions Publishing Corp.

Philip Pullman: The Ruby in the Smoke (Scholastic Children’s Books, 1999, 2006), copyright © Philip Pullman 1985, used by permission of Scholastic Ltd. All rights reserved.

Erich Maria Remarque: All Quiet on the Western Front translated by A W Wheen (Putnam, 1929, 1954), used by permission of NYU Press for the Estate of the late Paulette Goddard Remarque.

Donna Tartt: The Secret History (Penguin, 2006/Viking 1992), copyright © Donna Tartt 1992, used by permission of Alfred A Knopf, an imprint of Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, a division of Random House LLC.  All rights reserved.

Simon Usborne: ‘Further Space Oddity: Jeremy Paxman grills British astronaut Major Tim Peake in weirdly aggressive Newsnight interview’, The Independent, 21.5.2013, copyright © The Independent 2013, used by permission of The Independent, ESI Media, www.independent.co.uk

William Carlos Williams: ‘The Hurricane’ from The Collected Poems Volume II, 1939-1962 edited by Christopher MacGowan (Carcanet, 1988), used by permission of Pollinger Limited ( www.pollingerltd.com) on behalf of the Estate of William Carlos Williams.

Benjamin Zephaniah: ‘Talking Turkeys’ from Talking Turkeys (Puffin, 1995), copyright ©    Benjamin Zephaniah 1994, used by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

and to the following for their permission to use extracts from copyright material:

Battersea Dogs and Cats Home ® for ‘Hoops' Rehoming Appeal’ story, from www.battersea.org.uk, copyright © 2013 Battersea Dogs and Cats Home.

Dogs Trust, www.dogstrust.org.uk, for appeal letter, September 2012 and Media Centre news release, ‘Your Country’s Stray Dogs Need You’, September 2012.

RSPCA for case study about ‘Dexter’, copyright © RSPCA.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Quirk Books; Random House Australia; Random House US; Random House US; Warner Brothers/Everett/Rex Features; Mirrorpix/Splash News/Corbis; Bettmann/Corbis; Underwood & Underwood/Corbis; ITV/Rex Features; ITV/Rex Features; Diane Diederich/Getty Images; Johanna Nyholm/Johnér Images/Corbis; liseykina/Shutterstock; SUSAN LEGGETT/Shutterstock; Grant Glendinning/Shutterstock; ID1974/Shutterstock; The National Army Museum/Mary Evans Picture Library; Swim Ink 2, LLC/Corbis; The National Army Museum/Mary Evans Picture Library; Hulton Archive/Stringer/Getty Images; Amoret Tanner/Alamy; Amoret Tanner/Alamy; Amoret Tanner/Alamy; Christopher Jones/Rex Features; Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Rex Features; Paul Popper/Popperfoto/Contributor/Getty Images; Jeff Morgan 01/Alamy; DEA/E. LESSING/Getty Images; Imperial War Museum/The Bridgeman Art Library; Transcendental Graphics/Getty Images; Corbis ; Archive Photos/Stringer/Getty Images; Mimadeo/Shutterstock; Charles Krebs/Corbis; Bikeworldtravel/Shutterstock; Design Pics Inc/Rex Features; Tannie Duong www.TanzerDragon.com; Tunbridge/Stringer/Getty Images; Alastair Muir/Rex Features; Robbie Jack/Corbis; Keystone USA-ZUMA/Rex Features; Everett Collection/Rex Features; US Coast Guard Photo/Alamy; Used with kind permission from British Heart Foundation; Used with kind permission from World Wildlife Fund; Used with kind permission from British Red Cross; Bruce Raynor/Shutterstock; Photographee.eu/Shutterstock; Peter Turnley/Corbis; Caro/Alamy; epa european pressphoto agency b.v./Alamy; Associated Press/AP Images; Cultura RM/Alamy; Pixel Memoirs/Shutterstock; George Osodi/Panos; Mim Friday/Alamy; Gavin Rodgers/Rex Features; AFP/Getty Images; Jacques Demarthon/Getty Images; European Space Agency; The Halas and Batchelor Collection Limited; The Halas and Batchelor Collection Limited; Ewa Studio/Shutterstock; Nils Jorgensen/Rex Features; Subbotina Anna/Fotolia; Ian Lishman/Glow Images; 1000 Words/Shutterstock; Don Barker/Alamy

 

 

Ignite English Kerboodle 3

The authors and publisher are grateful for permission to use extracts from the following copyright material:

Fleur Adcock: 'For Meg' from Poems 1955-2005 (Bloodaxe, 2005), used by permission of Bloodaxe Books.

Emma Bartholomew: ‘Neuroscientist and Hackney resident, Emeli Sandé, on her Frieda Kahlo tattoo and dropping out of medical school’, Hackney Gazette, 27.12.2012, used by permission of the publishers, a member of Archant Community Media Ltd.

Angela Carter: ‘The Company of Wolves’ and ‘The Bloody Chamber’ from The Bloody Chamber (Vintage, 2006), copyright © Angela Carter 1979, used by permission of the Estate of Angela Carter c/o Rogers, Coleridge & White Ltd, 20 Powis Mews, London W11 1JN.RCW

Gillian Clarke: ‘Catrin’, and ‘Baby Sitting’ from Selected Poems (Carcanet, 1996), copyright © Gillian Clarke 1996, used by permission of Carcanet Press Ltd.

John Cooper Clarke: ‘I Wanna be Yours’ from Ten Years in an Open Necked Shirt (Vintage, 2012), copyright © John Cooper Clarke 2012, used by permission of Sony/ATV Music Publishing, EMI Music Publishing.

Jeremy Clarkson: The World According to Clarkson (Michael Joseph, 2004, 2005), copyright © Jeremy Clarkson 2004, used by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Kirstie Clements: The Vogue Factor (Guardian Faber, 2013), used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

Wendy Cope: ‘Two cures for Love’ from Two Cures for Love: Selected Poems 1979-2006 (Faber, 2008), used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

Vikram Dodd: ‘Youth Crime Commissioner, Paris Brown stands down over Twitter row’, The Guardian ,9.4.2013, copyright © Guardian News & Media Ltd 2013,  used by permission of GNM Ltd.

T S Eliot: ‘The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock’ from Poems 1900- 1925 (Faber, 1925), used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

John Friedman: ‘You are what you Tweet: how social media define our professional brands’

Huffington Post, 11.5.2012, used by permission of the author.

Seamus Heaney: 'Scaffolding' from Death of a Naturalist (Faber, 1966), used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

Naoki Higashida, translated by David Mitchell and Keiki Yoshida: The Reason I Jump: One Boy’s Voice from the Silence of Autism (Sceptre, 2013), copyright © Naoki Higashida 2007, translation copyright © K A Yoshida and David Mitchell 2013, used by permission of Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, and Curtis Brown Ltd, London.

Eddie Izzard: Opinion: 'Cool Britannia.  We are finally worthy of the title, says proud Eddie Izzard’, The Mirror, 12.8.2012, usee by permission of Mirrorpix.

Jim Joseph: ‘Branding Lessons from the Royal Couple’, Huffington Post, 29.7.2013, used by permission of the author.

Jackie Kay: ‘Brendon Gallacher’ from Two’s Company (Puffin, 1992), copyright © Jackie Kay 1992, used by permission of The Wylie Agency (UK) Ltd on behalf of the author.

Martin Lindstrom: Brand Sense (2e, Kogan Page, 2010), copyright © Martin Lindstrom 2010, used by permission of the author.

Liz Lochhead: ‘Rapunzstiltskin’ from Dreaming Frankenstein (Polygon, 2003), used by permission of Polygon, an imprint of Birlinn Ltd ( www.birlinn.co.uk).

Carol Midgely: ‘Men and Make-up’, The Times, 28 .7.2013, copyright © The Times/New Syndication 2013, used by permission of News UK.

Sally Nicholls: Ways to Live Forever (Marion Lloyd, 2008), copyright © Sally Nicholls 2008, used by permission of Scholastic Ltd. All rights reserved.

Sylvia Plath: ‘You’re’ and ‘Morning Song’ from Collected Poems (Faber, 2002), used by permission of Faber & Faber Ltd.

Marcus Sedgwick: My Swordhand is Singing (Orion Childrens, 2007), copyright © Marcus Sedgwick 2007, used by permission of the Orion Publishing Group, London.

Richmond Council: extract from press release (July 2012) www.richmond.gov.uk, used by permission.

John Steinbeck: Of Mice and Men (Penguin, 2006), copyright © John Steinbeck 1937, 1965, reprinted by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Heather Grace Stewart: ‘The Day You Looked me in the Eyes’ from Three Spaces (Graceful Publications), used by permission of the author.

J R R Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings Trilogy - The Fellowship of the Ring (HarperCollins, 2013), copyright © Fourth Age Ltd 1954, 1955, 1966, used by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.

Janice Turner: ‘The rise of the teenage girl clones’, The Times Magazine, 27.7.2013, copyright © The Times/New Syndication 2013, used by permission of News UK.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

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Roger-Viollet/Rex Features; Associated Newspapers/Rex Features; Bettmann/Corbis; Clarence Sinclair Bull/Moviepix/Getty Images; Everett Collection/Rex Features; Everett Collection/Rex Features; Photos 12/Alamy; Everett Collection/Rex Features; Everett Collection/Rex Features; C.CBS/Everett/Rex Features; Everett Collection/Rex Features; Everett Collection/Rex Features; Everett Collection/Rex Features; SNAP/Rex Features; Snap Stills/Rex Features; Moviestore Collection/Rex Features; OUP; Pascal Le Segretain/WireImage/Getty Images; kavram/Shutterstock; OlegDoroshin/Shutterstock; OUP; Sara Press/Getty Images; Denis Kuvaev/Shutterstock; diego cervo/Fotolia; Tyler Olson/Shutterstock; REX/Nils Jorgensen; Paul Cooper/Rex Features; Geoffrey Robinson/Rex Features; With kind permission from Mainstream Publishing/Random House; BMCL/Shutterstock; Michel Arnaud/Beateworks/Corbis; Michel Arnaud/Beateworks/Corbis; Paul Maguire/Shutterstock; Oleg_Zabielin/Fotolia; Brand X Pictures/OUP; Nils Jorgensen/Rex Features; Arctic-Images/The Image Bank/Getty Images; Press Association Images; Jason Alden/Rex Features; Steve Meddle/Rex Features; Sony Pictures Stock Footage; BBC image library; Rune Hellestad/Corbis; REX/Juha Sorri; AlamyCelebrity/Alamy; Superstock/Glow Images; Adam Woolfitt/Corbis; BrAt82/Shutterstock; Christian Delbert/Shutterstock; remik44992/Shutterstock; US Coast Guard/Handout/Corbis; Jeff Haller/Keyhole Photo/Corbis; Charlie Riedel/AP Images; Julie Dermansky/Corbis; Keystone USA-ZUMA/Rex Features; Ken Cedeno/Corbis; Telegraph Media Group Limited 2011

WJEC Eduqas GCSE English Language and Literature

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We are grateful for permission to include extracts from the following copyright texts:

Simon Armitage: ‘Poetry as a form of dissent’, a video interview with John Harris of The Guardian, 7 Nov 2011, copyright © Simon Armitage 2011, by permission of David Godwin Associates on behalf of the author.

Margaret Atwood: Lady Oracle (Virago, 1982), copyright © O W Toad Ltd 1976, by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London on behalf of the author.

John Humphrys: ‘Quiet please!’, Daily Telegraph, 12 Nov 2012, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2012, by permission of Telegraph Media Group.

Donald McRae:  ‘Laura Trott sick to the stomach in pursuit of 2012 glory’, The Guardian, 6 Feb 2012, copyright © Guardian News & Media 2012, by permission of Guardian News and Media.

Sara Maitland: A Book of Silence (Granta, 2008), copyright © Sara Maitland 2008, by permission of Granta Books.

Mandy Menaker: ‘7 Reasons You Should Speak More Than One Language’ from www.fluentcity.com, by permission of the author.

Robin Pagnamenta: ‘The cotton in your clothes may be made by girls aged 11, paid £6 a month’, The Times, 15 Nov 2014, copyright © Robin Pagnamenta/News UK and Ireland Ltd 2014, reprinted by permission of News Syndication

Willy Russell: Educating Rita (Methuen Drama, 2009), copyright © Willy Russell 1981, by permission of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.

Anita Shreve: Light on Snow (Abacus, 2004), copyright © Anita Shreve 2004, reprinted by permission of Little, Brown Book Group Ltd.

David Thomas: ‘Why do the English need to speak a foreign language when all foreigners speak English?’, Mail Online, 23 Jan 2012, copyright © 2012, by permission of Solo Syndication/ Mail Online.

Sally Wainwright: ‘Antony and Cleopatra’, Last Tango in Halifax, Sparkhouse Productions Ltd, December 2011 for the BBC, reprinted by permission of The Agency (London) Ltd on behalf of the author.

Markus Zusak: The Book Thief  (Black Swan, 2008), copyright © Markus Zuzak 2008, by permission of The Random House Group Ltd, Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd, and Curtis Brown (Australia) Pty Ltd on behalf of Marcus Zuzak.

and to the following for their permission to reprint from copyright material:

Oxford University Press for Oxford Dictionaries definition of the word ‘concept’ from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com, copyright © Oxford University Press.

The Random House Group Ltd for back cover description of Great Outdoor Adventure by Bear Grylls (Channel 4 Books, 2008).

Wikipedia article ‘BASE Jumping’ is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-SA/3.0.

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The authors and publisher would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

Vitalii Nesterchuk/Shutterstock; Volodymyr Goinyk/Shutterstock; Channel 4 Books/Transword Publishers; Elzbieta Sekowska/Shutterstock; Michaelpuche/Shutterstock; 1000 Words/Shutterstock; Kamira/Shutterstock; Jaguar PS/Shutterstock; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; © The Protected Art Archive/Alamy; © PAINTING/Alamy; FERNANDO BLANCO CALZADA/Shutterstock; Sergio Stakhnyk/Shutterstock; ITV/REX; Banana Republic images/Shutterstock; Kimberley Coole/Getty Images; With kind permission from M.S. Corley and Cole Haddon; Sarah Jane Taylor/Shutterstock; Julia Zakharova/Shutterstock; HomeStudio/Shutterstock; Texelart/Shutterstock; Lee Yiu Tung/Shutterstock; Steve Bower/Shutterstock; trevorb/Shutterstock; Alex Staroseltsev/Shutterstock; nobeastsofierce/Shutterstock; Ingrid Prats/Shutterstock; Fer Gregory/Shutterstock; Igor Klimov/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; www.gracedarling.co.uk; KathyGold/Shutterstock; epa european pressphoto agency b.v./Alamy

 

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Geography

GeoActive / Geofile

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Acknowledgements for photographs and other copyright material are given within the individual articles on the Kerboodle platform.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

KS3 Geography: Heading Towards AQA GCSE

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Cover: Jess McGeachin/Oxford University Press

Seagull illustrations by Jess McGeachin

Activities Worksheet Packs

Layout by Mark Walker

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Shutterstock; PhotoLondonUK/Shutterstock; Universal Images Group North America LLC/Alamy Stock Photo; Dave Ellison/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian Canham/Alamy Stock Photo; © Full Circle Design; Christopher Furlong/Getty Images; Alessandro Rota/Getty Images; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey; Commission Air/Alamy Stock Photo arenaphotouk/123RF; Guy Edwardes Photography/Alamy Stock Photo; SFL Travel/Alamy Stock Photo; Jeff Morgan 01/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; A.P.S. (UK)/Alamy Stock Photo; iLongLoveKing/Shutterstock; Duncan Andison/123RF; NASA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0; © www.webbaviation.co.uk; Peter J. Hatcher/Alamy Stock Photo Roy Shepherd; Frank Naylor/Alamy Stock Photo; Chris Cooper-Smith/Alamy Stock Photo; stuart fretwell/Alamy Stock Photo; Julian Cartwright/Alamy Stock Photo; Elle Hardman/Alamy Stock Photo; Pablo Paul/Alamy Stock Photo; Andrew Milligan/PA Archive/PA Images; Tamas Nemeth/123RF; Global Warming Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Russell Hart/Alamy Stock Photo; Terreform, Inc./New York City (Steady) State; www.pqpictures.co.uk/Alamy Stock Photo; Steven May/StockimoNews/Alamy Stock Photo; Steven May/Alamy Stock Photo; Andrew Mccaren/LNP/Shutterstock; David Forster/Alamy Stock Photo; Topfoto.co.uk; Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Rodger Tamblyn/Alamy Stock Photo; flab lstr/Alamy Stock Photo; Photimageon/Alamy Stock Photo; ©Bluesky International Limited; Dominic Harris/Alamy Stock Photo; AKP Photos/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian Allenden/123RF; Ministerio TIC Colombia; Dawson Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Andrew Craven/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian G Dagnall/Alamy Stock Photo; .shock/Alamy Stock Phot; Alys Tomlinson/Cultura Creative (RF)/Alamy Stock Photo; Keith Douglas/Alamy Stock Photo; Parkrun; jordi clave garsot/Alamy Stock Photo; Photofusion Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Phil Degginger/Alamy Stock Photo; NOAA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Mast Irham/EPA/Shutterstock; Hemis/Alamy Stock Photo; Andri Tambunan/Getty Images; USGS/Alamy Stock Photo; Deepak Sansta/Hindustan Times/Shutterstock; NOAA GOES Project via Getty Images; Chris Willson/Alamy Stock Photo; Gavin Anderson; Alastair Milne; Michael Harley; Simon Dack/Alamy Stock Photo; blickwinkel/Alamy Stock Photo; Olena Danileiko/Alamy Stock Photo; Alex Genovese/Alamy Stock Photo; Сергей Рыбин/123RF; ZooFari/Wikimedia; Marc Hill/Alamy Stock Photo; John Moore/Getty Images; dbimages/Alamy Stock Photo; Melanie Blanding/Alamy Stock Photo; Marques/Shutterstock; David Noton Photography/Alamy Stock Photo; Sergei Uriadnikov/123RF; Nature Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Derek Brumby/iStockphoto; Kristian Buus/Alamy Stock Photo; pursche/123RF; Science History Images/Alamy Stock Photo; dabldy/iStockphoto; AsianDream/iStockphoto; dimaberkut/123RF; Frank Bienewald/Alamy Stock Photo; Marco Palladino/Alamy Stock Photo; Rob Huibers/Hollandse Hoogte/eyevine; dinodia/123RF; Paulo Oliveira/Alamy Stock Photo; JORDI CHIAS/NATURE PICTURE LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Mike F Alquinto/EPA/Shutterstock; lessplastic.co.uk; Abir Abdullah/EPA/Shutterstock; ClaudiaMImages/Alamy Stock Photo; robertharding/Alamy Stock Photo; Cristiano Fronteddu/123RF; © Feynan Ecolodge; jeremy sutton-hibbert/Alamy Stock Photo; KARAM AL-MASRI/AFP/Getty Images; TAR-TASS News Agency/Alamy Stock Photo; REUTERS/Mohamed Azakir; Xinhua/Alamy Stock Photo; Susan Schulman/Barcroft Images/Barcroft Media via Getty Images; US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Miyako City Officer/Shutterstock

End-of-Chapter Assessment Papers

Layout by Mark Walker

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Shutterstock; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey; SFL Travel/Alamy Stock Photo; © Full Circle Design; NASA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Jeff Morgan 01/Alamy Stock Photo; NASA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Miyako City Officer/Shutterstock; Gavin Anderson; Alastair Milne; Michael Harley; Сергей Рыбин/123RF; ZooFari/Wikimedia; dimaberkut/123RF; jeremy sutton-hibbert/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-Unit/Chapter Interactive Tests

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Shutterstock; Paul Brown/Alamy Stock Photo; Andrew Milligan/PA Archive/PA Images; Global Warming Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Daoud Fakhri/LNP; Andrew Mccaren/LNP/Shutterstock; Nick Bailey/Alamy Stock Photo; STUART WALKER/Alamy Stock Photo; urbanshots/Alamy Stock Photo; pavel dudek/123RF; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey; Kevin Britland/Alamy Stock Photo; Charles Robertson/Alamy Stock Photo; Dominic Harris/Alamy Stock Photo; © HS2 Ltd/Grimshaw; Parkrun; Mark Shenley/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian Canham/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Lane/Alamy Stock Photo; Global Warming Images/Shutterstock; Phil Degginger/Alamy Stock Photo; Universal Images Group North America LLC/Alamy Stock Photo; Hemis/Alamy Stock Photo; Andri Tambunan/Getty Images; NOAA GOES Project via Getty Images; Simon Dack/Alamy Stock Photo; blickwinkel/Alamy Stock Photo; Alex Genovese/Alamy Stock Photo; Сергей Рыбин/123RF; ELIZABETH RUIZ/AFP/Getty Images; John Moore/Getty Images; SOPA Images Limited/Alamy Stock Photo; dbimages/Alamy Stock Photo; Melanie Blanding/Alamy Stock Photo; Jonathan Porter/Alamy Stock Photo; Michel HUET/Gamma-Rapho/Getty Images; FLORIAN PLAUCHEUR/Getty Images; pursche/123RF; Science History Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Roman Smirnov/123RF; dimaberkut/123RF; dinodia/123RF; Mike F Alquinto/EPA/Shutterstock; The Ocean Cleanup; ClaudiaMImages/Alamy Stock Photo; imageBROKER/Alamy Stock Photo; KARAM AL-MASRI/AFP/Getty Images; US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Michael Charles/123RF; David Gowans/Alamy Stock Photo; qaphotos.com/Alamy Stock Photo; Emy Yao; Alessandro Rota/Getty Images; Jeff Morgan 01/Alamy Stock Photo; A.P.S. (UK)/Alamy Stock Photo; NASA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Peter J. Hatcher/Alamy Stock Photo; © www.webbaviation.co.uk; Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0; Elle Hardman/Alamy Stock Photo

Skills-pods

Animation by Alternative View Studios

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Shutterstock Music; Shutterstock; Peter J. Hatcher/Alamy Stock Photo; Roman Smirnov/123RF; NOAA GOES Project via Getty Images; OUP; Commission Air/Alamy Stock Photo; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey; Nataliya Kostenyukova/Alamy Stock Vector; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey; Mark Shenley/Alamy Stock Photo

Checkpoint quizzes

Photos:

Ian Canham/Alamy; Peter J. Hatcher/Alamy; Frank Naylor/Alamy; Elle Hardman/Alamy; Global Warming Images/Alamy; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey.

Artwork:

Kamae Design. Other artwork by Mike, Sean, Patrick, and Alejandro at KJA Artists. Seagull by Jess McGeachin, QBS Learning.

We are grateful to the authors and publishers for use of extracts from their titles and in particular for the following: Save the Children for Farah and Adnan’s story.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Links to third party websites are provided by Oxford in good faith and for information only. Oxford disclaims any responsibility for the materials contained in any third party website referenced in this work.

GCSE Geography AQA

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The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Exam Practice Papers: © Crown copyright 2020 OS100000249; Shutterstock; Jeff Kowalsky/Bloomberg via Getty Images; iStockphoto; Ronald Anderson/Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums; Bob Digby; www.chroniclelive.co.uk.

Chapter 1

ERIK DE CASTRO/Reuters/Corbis; Suvra Kanti Das / ZUMA Press Inc. / Corbis; Omar Havana/Getty Images; Esdras Ndikumana/AFP/Getty Images; ESDRAS NDIKUMANA/Stringer/Getty Images

Chapter 2

think4photop/Shutterstock; Richard Roscoe/Barcroft Media/Getty Images; Suvra Kanti Das/ZUMA Press/Corbis

Chapter 3

Harvepino/Shutterstock; © imagegallery2/Alamy

Chapter 4

NASA

Chapter 5

Francesco Dazzi/Shutterstock; AlxYago/Shutterstock

Chapter 6

© Eye Ubiquitous/Alamy; © Prisma Bildagentur AG/Alamy

Chapter 7

Environmental Images/Universal Images Group/REX; Marques/Shutterstock

Chapter 8

Dmitry Chulov/Shutterstock; © Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; Shchipkova Elena/Shutterstock; ASK Images/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 9

David Woods/Shutterstock; Matthew Dixon/Shutterstock

Chapter 10

© Angie Sharp/Alamy; Jack Sullivan / Alamy Stock Photo; Dorset Councils’ Partnership; Jack Sullivan / Alamy; Simon Ross; Westend61/Getty Images

Chapter 11

Ordnance Survey; North news & Pictures Ltd; Don Johnston/Alamy; Washington Imaging/Alamy Stock Photo; David Angel/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 12

The Photolibrary Wales / Alamy Stock Photo; Ordnance Survey; © All Canada Photos/Alamy; Simon Ross; Yorkman/Shutterstock; © Crown copyright and database rights 2020 OS 100000249; JAMIE SMITH/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 13

© imageBROKER/Alamy; Elena Mirage/Shutterstock; © Peter Tsai Photography/Alamy

Chapter 14

pjhpix/Shutterstock; antb/Shutterstock

Chapter 15

Westend61 GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo; Westend61 GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 16

Majority World/REX Shutterstock

Chapter 17

epa european pressphoto agency b.v. / Alamy Stock Photo; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy Stock Photo; Chris Hondros/Getty Images; Giacomo Pirozzi/Panos

Chapter 18

© Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy

Chapter 19

r.classen n / Shutterstock

Chapter 20

Shutterstock; Abbie Trayler-Smith/Panos; Images of Africa Photobank/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 21

© Dinodia Photos/Alamy

Chapter 22

© imageBROKER/Alamy; Highshot/Malmö stad

Artwork by Simon Tegg/Lovell Johns, David Russell Illustration, Barking Dog Art, Kamae, Q2A and Giorgio Bacchin. With special thanks to Mark Walker for design.

Animations by Alternative View Studios.

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of publication; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

GCSE Geography Edexcel B

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The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

On your marks: Amnesty International

Test yourself: JIJI PRESS/AFP/Getty Images; Namas Bhojani/Bloomberg/Getty Images; Tetra Images/Getty Images; PLEIADES © CNES 2016, Distribution Airbus DS; clayborough photography/Getty Images; Finnbarr Webster/Alamy Stock Photo; David Holmes; Pauline Moon/Alamy Stock Photo; Design Pics Inc/Alamy Stock Photo; John E Marriott/Getty Images; Jim West/Alamy Stock Photo

Exam-style questions:

Skills-pods: ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy Stock Photo; Jack Sullivan / Alamy Stock Photo; © Angie Sharp/Alamy Stock Photo

The publishers would like to thank the following people for their contribution to this Kerboodle:

Authors
Nick Rowles, Becky Priest, Rebecca Tudor, Melanie Waldron, Peter Naldrett

Artwork by Lovell Johns, Barking Dog Art, Kamae, Q2A and Giorgio Bacchin. With special thanks to Mark Walker for design.

Animations by Alternative View Studios. Narration by Nicky Lloyd Williams.

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of publication; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

GCSE Geography OCR B

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The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Chapter 1

Suvra Kanti Das/ZUMA Press/Corbis; ERIK DE CASTRO/Reuters/Corbis

Chapter 3

© Angie Sharp/Alamy; ERIK DE CASTRO/Reuters/Corbis

Artwork by Lovell Johns, Barking Dog Art, Kamae, Q2A and Giorgio Bacchin. With special thanks to Mark Walker for design.

Animations by Alternative View Studios. Narration by Nicky Lloyd Williams.

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of publication; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Geography GCSE Demo Course

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The publishers and authors would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs and other copyright material:

Aleksander Bolbot/Shutterstock; 717Images by Paul Wood/Getty Images; fotomirk/Shutterstock; Gerardo Borbolla/Shutterstock; © martin meehan/Alamy; Alastair Wallace/Shutterstock; Sebastian Kaulitzki/Shutterstock; domnitsky/Shutterstock; natrot/Shutterstock; Design Seed/Shutterstock; Dirk Ercken/Shutterstock; Dirk Ercken/Shutterstock; Abbie Trayler-Smith / PANOS; © Jack Sullivan/Alamy; © dpa picture alliance archive/Alamy; © Kristian Buus / Alamy Stock Photo.

Geography A GCSE for AQA

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Getty/Gazimal

Case Study: Yves Grau/istockphoto; MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images; KAREL PRINSLOO/AP/Press Association Images; PEDRO UGARTE/AFP/Getty Images; Reuters/CORBIS; Reuters/CORBIS; geolsoc.org.uk; thegarden/Fotolia; ralcro/istockphoto; gla.ac.uk; kzubrycki/istockphoto; Dmitriy Sarbash/Fotolia; NASA, Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Team; rrruss/Fotolia; pdtnc/Fotolia; hazel proudlove/Fotolia; indiana.edu; David Coder/istockphoto; metoffice.gov.uk; Wikipedia.org; Pro6x7/istockphoto; Rtimages/istockphoto; luoman/istockphoto; Stephen Strathdee/istockphoto; Richard Stouffer/istockphoto; Kristi Petzel/istockphoto; Stephen Hird/Reuters/Corbis; KIRSTY WIGGLESWORTH/AP/Press Association Images; Springfield Gallery/Fotolia; Barry Batchelor/PA Archive/Press Association Images; éric bargis/Fotolia; Stormrider/Fotolia; epa/Corbis; Austrian Service for Torrent and Avalanche Control, WLV Tirol; geoffroy bonnet-eymard/Fotolia; morane/Fotolia; greg/Fotolia; alohaspirit/istockphoto; orion.is; Karl Walser; Robin Tenison/Getty Images; Jean Nordmann/istockphoto; Mie Ahmt/istockphoto; luoman/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; Dan Moore/istockphoto; Kevin Russ/istockphoto; Manuela Krause/istockphoto; Viktor Pryymachuk/istockphoto; Aeroengland; Mark Brown/Fotolia; Almut Müller/Fotolia; adrian beesley/istockphoto; weng chai lim/Fotolia; Andy Medina/istockphoto; Anthony Brown/istockphoto; fotoVoyager/istockphoto; Aeroengland; egypt.africa-atlas.com; Mostafa Mourad/istockphoto; Franz Aberham/Getty Images; Sascha Burkard/Fotolia; Lucas Cavalheiro/istockphoto; Dave Raboin/istockphoto; Steve Mcsweeny/istockphoto; International Rural Water Association; Denis Cordier/Fotolia; Gilles Paire/Fotolia; International Rural Water Association; WaterAid; Ray Tang/Rex Features; Bettmann/CORBIS; MAYOM MAGDALENA MAYO (50/50)/PA Archive/Press Association Images; Phil Date/istockphoto; Dimitis Legakis/ Rex Features; Gautier Willaume/fotolia; Photo Agency Ltd/Rex Features; Ian Russell; Christopher Baigent/Fotolia; Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; oldukphotos.com; Stephen Challis/Fotolia; Allan Brown/istockphoto; Paul Murphy/Fotolia; Kate Gimblett; US Geological Survey; AP/PA; BjornBP/istockphoto; Ali Taylor/istockphoto; news.bbc.co.uk; independent.co.uk; frantisek hojdysz/Fotolia; Fotolia; Alice78/Fotolia; Lovrencg/Fotolia; Tom Coulthard; Marc Garanger/CORBIS; Simon Ross; Fotolia; kodachrome25/istockphoto; Simon Ross; United Nations, 2005; Mason Williams; ilbusca/istockphoto; One Park West; Leif Pederson/Rainforest Alliance; Robert Goodier/Rainforest Alliance; Ian Spratt; Michael Steele/Getty Images; Multi-Science Publishing Co Ltd; Viv Pointon; contour99/istockphoto; kikepacheco/istockphoto; Mlenny/istockphoto; Vojta/istockphoto; helovi/istockphoto; Fotolia; kodachrome25/istockphoto; Simon Ross; orble.com; woow.phil-sllvn.co.uk; rajidrc/Fotolia; Joe Zachs/flickr; s.ngm.com; urban-age.net; ehponline.org; MARK EDWARDS/Still Pictures

Test yourself: James Steidl/Fotolia; Lagui/Fotolia; MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images; Claudia Dewald/Getty; Grace Tan/istockphoto; James Steidl/Fotolia; Frans Lanting/Corbis; MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images; AFP/Getty Images; PA Photos; Simon Lewis; Tony Waltham/geophotos; Simon Ross; Tony Howell; David Dunford; Satellite Receiving Station, University of Dundee; Mark Pearson; Sam Toren/Alamy; Arctic-Images/Corbis; Satellite Receiving Station, University of Dundee; Apex News & Pictures; NOAA/Science Photo Library; geogphotos film/Alamy; mbogacz/istockphoto; Tony T/Alamy; Tony Waltham/geophotos; Zainal Abd Halim/Reuters/Corbis; Rhett Butler; Judith Canavan; Collections/Graeme Peacock; Ed Maynard/Alamy; Getty Images; Judith Canavan; Xinhua Press/Corbis; Dr. Marli Miller/Visuals Unlimited/Corbis; John Heilprin/AP/Press Association Images; Visions of Tomorrow Inc, Science Faction; bruce7/istockphoto; PA Photos; Rachel Dunn/istockphoto; Mark Bond/istockphoto; Ian West & Tanya West 2008; David Hughes/Fotolia; Peter Hutchings, Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust; Steve Allen Photography/Alamy; Tony Waltham/geophotos; Jason Hawkes; Simon Ross; Jason Hawkes; Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust; drx/Fotolia; snaptitude/Fotolia; nick barounis/Fotolia; Stuart Monk/Fotolia; Gareth Brown/Corbis; Philippe Bourseiller/Getty Images; Fabienne Fossez/Alamy; Simon Ross; Judith Canavan; J Jackman/skyscan; Sean Sprague/Still pictures; Art Directors & Trip/Helene Rogers; bilderbox/Fotolia; ChrisHepburn/istockphoto; Paul Thompson Images/Alamy; McCoy Wynne/Alamy; onfilm/istockphoto; ilbusca/istockphoto; Robert Brook/Alamy; fotolia; Philippe Bourseiller/Getty Images; Fabienne Fossez/Alamy; Simon Ross; graham tomlin/Fotolia; Judith Canavan; Sean Gladwell/Fotolia; MasterLu/Fotolia; Paul Thompson Images/Alamy; sundown001/istockphoto; FLPA/Peter Wilson; Sascha Burkard/Fotolia; Bubbles Photolibrary/Alamy; Christophe Smets / Luna / VISUM/ Still Pictures; Matthew Antonino/Fotolia; Panos/Stefan Boness; iNNOCENt/Fotolia; Tandridge District Council; Vigouroux Frédéric/istockphoto; Vera Kailova/Fotolia; Art Directors; Valcho/Fotolia; Bombetoka Bay/Corbis; Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images; Mike Clarke/istockphoto; kosmoat98/istockphoto; Alistair Linford/Rex features; Mark Richardson/Fotolia; Erlend Kvalsvik/istockphoto; Volker Kreinacke/istockphoto; KATHRYN GARDNER/Fotolia; Achim Prill/istockphoto; Norman Chan/Fotolia; William Perry/istockphoto; Viacheslav Gorelik/Fotolia; ; Bluestock/Fotolia; ivzfoto/Fotolia; Nikada/istockphoto; Photography/Alamy; danbreckwoldt/istockphoto; Rex Features; darryl gill/Alamy; microimages/fotolia; danbreckwoldt/istockphoto; Günay Mutlu/istockphoto; curved-light/Alamy; Annie Griffiths Belt/Corbis

Simulation: seismo.unr.edu; travel.mongabay.com

Video case study: CAFOD; provrb8/istockphoto; James Watson; Moorefam/istockphoto; joeynick/istockphoto; katrinafilm.com; AlexKontz/istockphoto; ActionAid; BBC Motion Picture Gallery; nicolamargaret/istockphoto; Llanferres/Fotolia; Dan Raven-Ellison; david h/Fotolia; Dan Raven-Ellison; AP Archive/Sky News; Elenathewise/Fotolia; LAHASH; Lisa Gogolin/Fotolia; Kw515kw/istockphoto; The Soil Association; desaxo/Fotolia; Students Partnership Worldwide; Dan Raven-Ellison; JohnGollop/istockphoto; Dan Raven-Ellison; JoeGough/istockphoto

Interactive activity: Simon Lewis; Paul White/Alamy; Simon Ross

On Your Marks: David Dunford; Collections/Graeme Peacock; Hugh Shaw/Fotolia; J Canavan; AQA; GeoActive Online, April 2008; Roger Knill; Waugh and Bushell, New Key Geography; AQA; Claudio Divizia/Fotolia; Stephen Finn/Fotolia; microimages/Fotolia; Jorn Stjerneklar/photolibrary; Pawel Libera/Photolibrary; deserttrends/Fotolia; AQA; Pearson Education Ltd, 2000; AQA; Pearson Education Ltd, 2000

Animation: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC; www.water-garden-guide.com; studiovespa/Fotolia; microimages/Fotolia; beboy/fotolia

Photo: global security.org

Image case study: Kent Simpson/Avalar Advantage Real Estate; George P Hall/Getty Images; juthathip tybon/istockphoto; Kevin Fitzsimmons, University of Arizona; marana.com; Stuart Franklin/Getty Images; Steve Rabin/istockphoto; Geostore; Telegraph Media Group Limited 2002/Paul Armiger; John Gollop/istockphoto; The Francis Frith Collection; Windows on Our World; Graham G Matthews/Helston History; Natural England/Peter Wakely; Sharpshot/fotolia

Practice paper: Dave Brown/The Independent; Dr. John Measey/SANBI; extremeeverest.files.wordpress.com; factplusfacy.com; rubypenguin.com; Google Earth; sln.org.uk; laurenhefferon.com; George Hammerstein/Corbis; Tuca Vieira/David Fenng; Webb aviation; Manor Farm Shop; Dave Brown/The Independent; Bruce Beattie/Copley news service 1999; Dr. John Measey/SANBI; Perry Correll/Shutterstock; laurenhefferon.com; George Hammerstein/Corbis; mongabay.com; Google Earth; JeffBanke/istockphoto; Trevor Smithers ARPS/Alamy; Allianz SE; nofear4232/Fotolia; Webb aviation; fritzmuellerphoto.com; huffingtonpost.co.uk; Tuca Vieira/David Fenng; Webb aviation; Manor Farm Shop; JeffBanke/istockphoto; Evgeny Itsikson/Alamy; Allianz SE; nofear4232/Fotolia; Webb aviation; geographypages; huffingtonpost.co.uk

Revision guide: Tony Waltham/Geophotos; David Lyons/Alamy; J Farmar/Skyscan; PreMetrica Inc 2007; thefoa.org; Pierre-Jean DURIEU/Fotolia; 2006 Per-Anders Pettersson/Getty images; Simon Ross; Dr Marli Miller/Visuals Unlimited/ Corbis; Photoshot; TonyBaggett/istockphoto; Elena Koulik/Shutterstock; Planetware; Craig Lovell/Eagle Visions Photography/Alamy; Viv Pointon; Copyright reserved: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales; Jenny Matthews/Alamy; Kevin Moloney

Presentation: Steve Allen Photography/Alamy; Jason Hawkes; Peter Smith; Kevin Schafer/Alamy; Tony Waltham/Geophotos; Tony Waltham/Geophotos; Alan Spencer/Alamy; veneratio/Fotolia; Bred&co/Fotolia; andrea butterworth/Fotolia; Gail Johnson/Fotolia; Tony Waltham/Geophotos; acceleratorhams/Fotolia; David Lyons/Alamy; Photographers Direct/Stan Kujawa; J Farmar/Skyscan; jptenor/Fotolia; David Woolfenden/Fotolia; jptenor/Fotolia; chillingworths/Fotolia; dianamower/Fotolia; Nigel Stollery/Alamy; Chris Lawrence/Alamy; Daniel Jones/Alamy; Bikeworldtravel/Fotolia; Ian West & Tonya West; Krys Bailey/Alamy; Peter Noyce SIM/Alamy; DBURKE/Alamy; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; Gary Moseley/Alamy; geogphotos/Alamy; Carsten Weigel/Fotolia; Alan Curtis/Alamy; Tony Waltham/Geophotos; catolla/Fotolia; Chris Lawrence/Alamy; Flight Images LLP/Getty Images; Graham Bell/Getty Images; geogphotos/Alamy; Ian Woolcock/Alamy; Robert Harding World Imagery/Alamy; David Tipling/Getty Images; Pefkos/Fotolia; Alaska stock/Alamy; Tony Waltham/Geophotos; PeteG/Fotolia; rest/istockphoto; Dave Porter Peterborough UK/Getty Images; Tony Waltham/Geophotos; Terry Bottmley/Alamy; Wikipedia; worldatlas.com; Wikipedia; chilepic.com; Deere & Ault Consultants; Peter and Jackie Main; Christopher Andrews/istockphoto; ray roper/istockphoto; Chee-Onn Leong/istockphoto; Harris Shiffman/Fotolia; tomba/istockphoto; Renato Francia/Fotolia; pdtnc/Fotolia; Bartosz Hadyniak/istockphoto; Richard Connors/Fotolia; Atropat/Fotolia; John Gollop/istockphoto; Andy Green/istockphoto; Chris Gloster/Fotolia; TPP/Fotolia; Stephen Hird/Reuters/Corbis; Susan Stewart/istockphoto; Graeme Purdy/istockphoto; kevin llewellyn/istockphoto; Edward Shaw/istockphoto; Josep Pique Alecha/istockphoto; adrian beesley/istockphoto; Gordon Ball/istockphoto; londonisfree.com; iainwest.com; Sally Wallis/Fotolia; Ian Ilott/Fotolia; cityoflondon.gov.uk; jason walton/istockphoto; David Young/fotolibra; Debra Feinman/istockphoto; iofoto/istockphoto; Wikipedia; irina efremova/istockphoto; Perth and Kinross Council; Lynne Kirton/geography; Bob Embleton/geography; environment-agency.gov.uk; Viv Pointon; newsimg.bbc.co.uk; Lewis Whyld/PA Archive/Press Association Images; Jonathan Ling/istockphoto; Maxime VIGE/istockphoto; ponti/Fotolia; Kheng Guan Toh/Fotolia; Sebastien Cote/istockphoto; Sohl/istockphoto; Chamonix Experience; Natural Englnad; Steve Morris with copyright ownership of JNCC; theseashore.org.uk; Joe Bridge; Natural England; Joe Bridge; Jane September/Fotolia; bo1982/istockphoto; Ji Zhou/Fotolia; Thomas Perkins/Fotolia; best-photo/istockphoto; pestanarui/istockphoto; outlooktower.org; Crown copyright; middlequintonecotown.co.uk; Pangaea Development Holdings Limited; DOE/NREL  Credit - Scholz-Barth, Katrin; Ian Hamilton/istockphoto; fotoVoyager/istockphoto; John Woodworth/istockphoto; Tamás Ambrits/istockphoto; Gordon Dixon/istockphoto; Nicole Neily/istockphoto; Fanch Galivel/istockphoto; Marcelo Silva/istockphoto; Marie Cheek/istockphoto; northlightimages/istockphoto; Sandeep Subba/istockphoto; EddWestmacott/istockphoto; Matthew Scherf/istockphoto; Marie Cheek/istockphoto; Nano/Fotolia; david hughes/Fotolia; Astbury/Fotolia; visual7/istockphoto; Stephen Dumayne/istockphoto; Teodor Todorov/istockphoto; Kurt Gordon/istockphoto; Jivko Kazakov/istockphoto; Holger Franke/istockphoto; Jivko Kazakov/istockphoto; Marek Slusarczyk/istockphoto; Yuriy Poznukhov/istockphoto; Bob Drapella/istockphoto; Yuriy Poznukhov/istockphoto; morrbyte/istockphoto; Presiyan Panayotov/istockphoto; Noel Moore/Fotolia; iho-ohi.org; Francesco Carucci/istockphoto; Kirubeshwaran/Fotolia; Volker Kreinacke/istockphoto; Ermes/Fotolia; Galinka/Fotolia; Clarence Holmes/istockphoto; Hans Laubel/istockphoto; Stephen Strathdee/istockphoto; Viv Pointon; pixhook/istockphoto; Viv Pointon; Vladislav Gajic/Fotolia; Viv Pointon; S Duggan/Fotolia; v0v/istockphoto; Viv Pointon: Jonathan Ling/istockphoto; Maxime VIGE/istockphoto; ponti/Fotolia; Kheng Guan Toh/Fotolia; Viv Pointon; Sebastien Cote/istockphoto; Sohl/istockphoto; Chamonix Experience; Jane September/Fotolia; bo1982/istockphoto; Ji Zhou/Fotolia; Thomas Perkins/Fotolia; best-photo/istockphoto; pestanarui/istockphoto

Worksheet: Willi Wilhelm/Fotolia; Rob Broek/istockphoto; Patricia Hofmeester/Fotolia; Webb aviation; Invicta Plastics Limited; Google Earth; Brian Sherwin; Webb aviation; Invicta Plastics Limited; New Internationalist/Global Eye; Tony Howell; AFP/Getty Images; YANN/Fotolia; Webb aviation; Steven Lewarne/istockphoto

Image analysis: DUNCAN SHAW/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; 2009 EUMETSAT; L. J. Maher; Jamie Bassnett/trekkingbritain.com; Arun District Council; dave timms/Fotolia; SEYLLOU/AFP/Getty Images; Pawel Libera/Photolibrary; FRANCISCO DAMIAN/istockphoto; Windows on Our World

Teacher notes: factplusfancy.com; rubypenguin.com

Audio by: Clocktower Creative ( www.clocktowercreative.co.uk)

Source code, interface design, animations and interactives © Oxford University Press 2014

Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of HMSO. © Crown Copyright. All rights reserved. 

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Geography A Level for AQA

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Getty/Monica Delmasso; Still pictures.

Worksheets/Teacher Notes:  © David Weeks; © Every Picture Media; © David Weeks and the students of Chosen Hill School; © Chris Rowley; © Fotolia.com/Ed.Lefler; © Fotolia.com / bluesky6867; © David Waugh; © Fotolia.com/JPP; © iStockphoto.com/Terry North; © Fotolia.com/Martina Topf; © Fotolia.com/Radu Razvan; © CIA World Factbook; © iStockphoto.com/Rey Rojo; © Jon Pearce; © iStockphoto.com/Svetlana Privezentseva; © John Smith; © Rachel Smith; © Corbis; © Jim Zuckerman/Corbis; © Matthew Best; © Andy Freem; © iStock/Francisco Romero; © iStock/Achim Prill; © iStock/Johan Swanepoel; © iStock/bywriter; © iStock/Dirk R; © United Nations, 2009.

Case Studies: © Fotolia.com/Aleksandar Radovanovic; © Lisa Hendry; ©David Russell Illustration; © Roger Knill; © Istockphoto, 7110835, © Khrizmo; Istockphoto 3072989; © mjunsworth. Istockphoto 7093855; © SteveChristensen; Istockphoto 3167268; © Westphalia; © Courtesy of D.L. Gautier; U.S. Geological Survey; Istockphoto 980806, © Mlenny; World Bank DataBank; US Census Bureau; The English Indices of Deprivation 2010; www.gov.uk.

Test Yourself: © Fotolia.com/morchella; © Fotolia.com/Willi; © iStockphoto.com/ian francis; © Fotolia.com/david hughes; © iStockphoto.com/kelvin wakefield; © Fotolia.com/adisa; © Science Photo Library/Skyscan; © fotolia/Eray Haciosmanoglu; © fotolia/Victor Rudometov; © iStock/Merijn van der Vliet; © Kate Bialasiewicz; © South American Pictures/Tony Morrison; © Corbis/Tibor Bognr;
© iStockphoto.com/Sean Randall; © LondonStills; © PCL/Alamy; © Rex Features/Eye Ubiquitous; © Alamy/Louise Heusinkveld; © Infosys; © fotolia/Leah-Anne Thompson; © Corbis; © 2009 photolibrary.com; © Alamy/Photofusion Picture Library; © fotolia/Leah-Anne Thompson; © Still Pictures/Mark Edwards

Presentations: © Roger Knill; © David Weeks; © iStockphoto.com/ Aimin Tang; © iStockphoto.com/Jaap Hart; © iStockphoto.com/Nico Smit; ©Fotolia.com/ david hughes; © iStockphoto.com/Brooks Elliott; © iStockphoto.com/Jon Larson; © U.S. Geological Survey; © Fotolia.com/studali; ©iStockphoto.com/Nick Schlax; © iStockphoto.com/Steven Phraner; © iStockphoto.com/lane lambert; © Fotolia.com/ Natalia Bratslavsky; © U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base; © ActionAid; © iStockphoto.com/Darko Novakovic; ©Woking Borough Council; © Fotolia.com/DX; ©iStockphoto.com/westphalia; © iStockphoto/Zoran Kolundzija; © iStockphoto.com/Jon Schulte; ©U.S. Federal Government; © Fotolia.com/Guy Erwood; © iStock/Michael Utech; © NTPL/Mike Howarth; © Andy Freem; © iStock/Sean Randall; © Ajuk/Wikipedia; © iStock/Hanquan Chen; © ayzek/iStock; © AFP/Getty Images/Musa al Shaer; © iStock/Winston Davidian; © iStock/Chris Schmidt; © iStock/Dan Fletcher; Ivy Close Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Anthony Palmer/Alamy Stock Photo; Transport for London; Eric Fischer/© OpenStreetMap, CC-BY-SA; Bill Rankin/www.radicalcartography.net; European Environment Agency/CC BY 2.5 DK; Gerd Ludwig/National Geographic Creative; Infographic developed by iMMAP as part of the Regional Food Security Analysis Network, a project between FAO and iMMAP, funded by USAID. All rights reserved; steven gillis hd9 imaging/Alamy Stock Photo; GEORGE BERNARD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Cassini/Royal Geographical Society; © Crown copyright (2020) OS 100043707; Norsk Polarinstitutt; Rebecca Cole/Alamy Stock Photo.

On Your Marks:  © AQA; © UK Statistics Authority website: www.statistics.gov.uk: Reproduced under the terms of the Click-Use Licence;

Videos: © David Weeks and the students of Chosen Hill School; © Dan Raven-Ellison; © Every Picture Media; © Ahmad Dib; © Kennedy Makwenda; © Morgie Mouat; © BBC Motion Gallery; © ITN Source; © Saro17/iStockphoto.com, 103266805.

© iStock; © Andy Freem;  © iStock; © AP Associated Press; © Claudiad/ iStockphoto.com, 3692681; © JeanUrsula/ iStockphoto.com, 3692681.

Illustrations by: Hardlines, Oxford, Pantek Arts Ltd ( http://www.pantekarts.co.uk/) and David Russell Illustration, Truro.

OUP wishes to thank Judith Canavan, Darren Christian, Andy Freem, David Holmes, Sue Jenkinson, Roger Knill, David Proudlove, Jon Pearce, Alison Rae and David Weeks, Geoff Gilchrist, John Smith and Sue Jenkinson, Tom Spicer,  Jon Taylor and all colleagues at AQA, Jonathan Edwards, Judith Hunter and Kim Vernon, Giunti Labs, Huw Jones,  Andy Turvey, ( http://www.giuntilabs.com/), Hurix Systems Pvt Ltd ( http://www.hurix.com/) and Magic Software Pvt Ltd ( http://www.magicsw.com/), Cordial AV ( http://www.cordialav.co.uk/), Hart McLeod ( www.hartmcleod.co.uk), Jilly Breeze, Tim Goodwright, Every Picture Media and Dan Raven-Ellison, Neil Oseman, Andy Freem, RSPB, Cabot Circus Centre Management, Bristol.

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:  AQA for exam questions; Ordnance Survey;  © DFID; © Smart Growth Leadership Institute; © GVB, www.gvb.nl/english/Pages/default.aspx;  © Tourism Concern, www.tourismconcern.org.uk; © Pan-African Parliament; © bbc.co.uk/news; © United Nations, 2009; © Renfrewshire Council, www.renfrewshire.gov.uk;  © Crown Copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller, Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI); Data from the UK National River Flow Archive.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Geography for Edexcel A Level and AS

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Exam Practice Papers: Paper 1, figures 2C and 3B original photos courtesy S. Warn; Paper 2, figure 4, original cartoon C. R. Warn, courtesy S. Warn.

geog.1 Demo

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

© J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; Arctic Images/Corbis; Tony Waltham; leonello calvetti/Shutterstock; Don B Stevenson/Alamy; Michael Nolan; S.R.Lee Photo Traveller/Shutterstock; Lee Prince/Shutterstock; Alita Bobrov/Shutterstock; Khoroshunova Olga/Shutterstock; Yosuke Sano/Shutterstock; orangecrush/Shutterstock; Ivan Andreevich Goroun; © Michael.hambrey@swissedu.ch and juerg.alem@siwssedu.ch

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

geog.1

View acknowledgements

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Chapter 1

Douglas Peebles Photography/Alamy; Yadid Levy/Alamy; Stock Connection Blue/Alamy; Nickolay Khoroshkov/Shutterstock; Chad Ehlers/Alamy; Douglas Peebles Photography/Alamy; Yadid Levy/Alamy; Stock Connection Blue/Alamy; Nickolay Khoroshkov/Shutterstock; Planetary Visions Ltd/Science Photo Library; Planetary Visions Ltd/Science Photo Library; Dimitar Todorov/Alamy; Natural History Museum/Science Photo Library; Nickolay Khoroshkov/Shutterstock; Phil MacD Photography/Shutterstock; Dr. Morley Read/Shutterstock; Matteis/Look At Sciences/Science Photo Library

Unit 1.0: Planetary Visions Ltd/Science Photo Library

Unit 1.1: MARK GARLICK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Unit 1.4: Robert Harding Picture Library/Alamy; Mike Price/Shutterstock.

Unit 1.5: Paul Tomkins/VisitScotland/Scottish Viewpoint; Paul White Aerial Views/Alamy; Chris Bland/Eye Ubiquitous/Corbis; Stan Gamester/Photofusion Picture Library/Alamy; Frederic49/Shutterstock; Sven Torfinn/Panos Pictures; Jacek_Kadaj/Shutterstock; Pablo Hidalgo/Shutterstock; Kaetana/Shutterstock; Greir/Shutterstock; kathmanduphotog/Shutterstock; PLANETARY VISIONS LTD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Nik Wheeler/CORBIS; B&C Alexander/ArcticPhoto; Raine Vara/Alamy;

Unit 1.6: PLANETARY VISIONS LTD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Neil Rabinowitz/Corbis

Unit 1.7: Mike Price/Shutterstock; Irina Schmid/Shutterstock; visdia/Shutterstock; PhotostockAR/Shutterstock; Andrew Zarivny/Shutterstock.

Unit 1.8: Blickwinkel/Alamy; Terry Harris/Alamy; Nickolay Khoroshkov/Shutterstock; JTB Media Creation/Alamy; Lovingyou2911/Shutterstock; Rostislav Glinsky/Shutterstock; Anatoliy Lukich/Shutterstock

Chapter 2

Ordnance Survey; NASA/SPL; SDBCHINA/Alamy; Getmapping.com

Unit 2.0: ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; Chris Madden; Copyright Benjamin D. Hennig (Worldmapper Project); murdermap.co.uk; Ordnance Survey

Unit 2.1: Omer N Raja/Shutterstock; lazyllama/Shutterstock; Dmitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock; Dereje/Shutterstock; JL Images/Alamy; NASA/SPL; Oxford University Press

Unit 2.2: Thomas Bros./cartoonstock.com; Oxford University Press

Unit 2.3: Ken Benner/Shutterstock; John Stevenson/LGPL/Alamy

Unit 2.4: Getmapping.com

Unit 2.5: riedjal/Shutterstock; Getmapping.com

Unit 2.7: Werner Wejp-Olsen/cartoonstock.com; donskarpo/Shutterstock; NASA/SPL; Tom van Sant/Geosphere Planetary Visions Project; PLANETARY VISIONS LTD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Unit 2.8: © Crown copyright Ordnance Survey; Alistair Laming/Alamy; Stephen Finn/Shutterstock; CW Images/Alamy; William Allum/Shutterstock; val lawless/Shutterstock

Unit 2.9: ollyy/Shutterstock

Unit 2.10: Mark Lynch/cartoonstock.com

Chapter 3

Linda Lyon/Getty Images; Paul Henrich/Alamy; Oxford University Press; Ann Rayworth/Alamy; Paul Tomkins/VisitScotland/Scottish Viewpoint; Paul White Aerial Views/Alamy; JL Images/Alamy; Skyscan/Corbis; NASA/SPL

Unit 3.0: JL Images/Alamy; Getty Images; Ann Rayworth/Alamy; Skyscan/Corbis; Sabena Jane Blackbird/Alamy; David Robertson/Alamy

Unit 3.1: Oxford University Press; jamesdavidphoto/Shutterstock; Banana Pancake/Alamy

Unit 3.3: Steve Mann/Shutterstock; Kathy De Witt/Alamy

Unit 3.4: Milleflore Images/Shutterstock; Sally & Richard Greenhill/Alamy; Mary Evans/Barnaby's Picture Library

Unit 3.5: Rosli Othman/Shutterstock; Paul Tomkins/VisitScotland/Scottish Viewpoint; Paul White Aerial Views/Alamy; Getty Images

Unit 3.6: NASA/SPL

Unit 3.7: Jonnystockphoto/Shutterstock; Iain McGillivray/Alamy

Chapter 4

Robert Wallis/Panos; J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; Robert Harding Picture Library/Alamy; © Michael.hambrey@swissedu.ch & juerg.alem@siwssedu.ch; NASA; Andrew Leaney; Michael P Gadomski/Science Photo Library; Don B Stevenson/Alamy; Robert Harding Picture Library/Alamy; Stewart Smith Photography/Shutterstock; Ashley Cooper/Alamy; © Tony Waltham; Mick Graham

Unit 4.0: J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; Arctic Images/Corbis

Unit 4.1: © Tony Waltham; leonello calvetti/Shutterstock; leonello calvetti/Shutterstock; © J Oerlemans/Utrecht University

Unit 4.2: Don B Stevenson/Alamy; Michael Nolan; S.R.Lee Photo Traveller/Shutterstock; Lee Prince/Shutterstock; Alita Bobrov/Shutterstock; Khoroshunova Olga/Shutterstock; Yosuke Sano/Shutterstock; orangecrush/Shutterstock; Ivan Andreevich Goroun; © J Oerlemans/Utrecht University

Unit 4.3: © Michael.hambrey@swissedu.ch & juerg.alem@siwssedu.ch; © J Oerlemans/Utrecht University

Unit 4.4: Andrei Kasinski/Shutterstock; elxeneize/Shutterstock; Mick Graham

Unit 4.5: Paul Henrich/Alamy; Andrew Leaney; Linda Lyon/Getty Images

Unit 4.6: Ashley Cooper/Alamy; J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; Tony Waltham

Unit 4.7: Andrew Leaney; Linda Lyon/Getty Images; © martin pittaway/Alamy; Dave Porter/Peterborough UK/Getty Images; With kind permission from Alan Green; Stewart Smith Photography/Shutterstock

Unit 4.8: Stewart Smith Photography/Shutterstock; Tony Waltham; Shaun Jeffers/Shutterstock; NASA; Galen Rowell/Mountain Light/Alamy; Arctic Images/Corbis; © Michael.hambrey@swissedu.ch & juerg.alem@siwssedu.ch; Yadid Levy/Alamy

Chapter 5

David Norton/Alamy; Claude Schneider; Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock; Jeremy Moeran/Alamy; Heather Angel/Natural Visions; David Norton/Alamy; Photofusion/Picture Library/Alamy; Robert Read Thames Portfolio/Alamy; Gary Curtis/Alamy; Goddard New Era/Alamy; September Legs/Alamy

Unit 5.0: Claude Schneider

Unit 5.1: Pawel Kowalczyk/Shutterstock; NASA; Brian Shaw/Alamy; Colin Underhill/Alamy

Unit 5.2: Dmitry Naumov/Shutterstock; PLANETARY VISIONS LTD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Unit 5.3: nito/Shutterstock; Colin Underhill/Alamy; Claude Schneider; Robert Harding Picture Library/Alamy

Unit 5.4: Sierralara/Shutterstock; f11photo/Shutterstock; Kathy De Witt/Alamy; Oonat/Getty Images

Unit 5.5: Gabriela Insuratelu/Shutterstock; Galina Barskaya/Shutterstock; Karine Lazarus/Shutterstock; Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; NASA; Claude Schneider; Rudi Winter; Roger Bamber/Alamy

Unit 5.6: Colin Underhill/Alamy; Ford Dagenham; Photofusion/ Picture Library/Alamy; John Eccles/Alamy; Alexei Novikov/Shutterstock; Franz Marc Frei/Lonely Planet Images/Getty; Colin Underhill/Alamy; Brian Shaw/Alamy

Unit 5.7: Pavlo Loushkin/Shutterstock; koya979/Shutterstock; Crepesoles/Shutterstock; Photofusion/ Picture Library/Alamy

Unit 5.8: Samir Hussein/Getty; RoyalWindsorWebsite.com

Unit 5.9: Goddard New Era/Alamy; Gary Curtis/Alamy; David Goddard/Getty; ATOM WANG/Shutterstock; BasPhoto/Shutterstock

Unit 5.10: INS Newsdesk; Environment Agency; Robert Gray/Alamy; Scott Olson/Getty; ronfromyork/Shutterstock; Hoberman Collection/Alamy

Chapter 6

FLPA/Alamy; Vadim Petrakov/Shutterstock; NASA; Hoberman Collection/Alamy; Andy Johnstone/Panos Pictures; Blickwinkel/Alamy

Unit 6.0: NASA

Unit 6.1: Blickwinkel/Alamy; TB Media Creation/Alamy; John Lindsay-Smith/Shutterstock; BFG Images/Getty; Denis Mironov/Shutterstock; © Imaginechina/Corbis; Mikkel Ostergaard/Panos Pictures; Sadik Gulec/Shutterstock; © Ulrich Doering/Alamy; Jonnystockphoto/Shutterstock; Danita Delimont/Getty Images

Unit 6.2: AKG Images; Max Milligan/Getty Images

Unit 6.3: Mikkel Ostergaard/Panos Pictures; Olivier Asselin/Alamy; Michael Dwyer/Alamy; UIG/Getty Images; Ariadne van Zandbergen/Alamy

Unit 6.4: Photos12/Alamy

Unit 6.5: Michael Dwyer/Alamy; Wayne Parsons/Getty Images

Unit 6.6: JTB Media Creation/Alamy; Blickwinkel/Alamy; Mogens Trolle/Shutterstock; Isabella Pfenninger/Shutterstock; Danita Delimont/Getty Images; Simon Greig/Shutterstock; Blickwinkel/Alamy

Unit 6.7: FLPA/Alamy; Ariadne van Zandbergen/Alamy; Vadim Petrakov/Shutterstock; Eric Nathan/Alamy

Chapter 7

Eric Lafforgue/Alamy; Getty Images/AFP; Dieter Telemans/Panos Pictures; Jean Robert; U.S. Navy photo by Jason R. Zalasky Frederic Courbet/Corbis; Getty Images/AFP; Paul Springett 07/Alamy; Arabella Williams; Joe Blossom/Alamy; Paul Springett 07/Alamy; De Agostini/Getty Images; © Arterra Picture Library/Alamy; dpa picture alliance archive/Alamy; NASA; Neil Cooper/Panos

Unit 7.0: Dieter Telemans/Panos Pictures

Unit 7.1: Endless Traveller/Shutterstock; Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; Andy Johnstone/Panos Pictures; Carsten Peter/Getty; Matej Hudovernik/Shutterstock; Sven Torfinn/Panos Pictures; © Hemis/Alamy; Horizons WWP/Alamy; © Images & Stories/Alamy; © Amar and Isabelle Guillen - Guillen Photo LLC/Alamy; Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures; John Miles/The Image Bank/Getty; © Arterra Picture Library/Alamy; DIKIKA RESEARCH PROJECT/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Unit 7.2: Google Earth; © Arterra Picture Library/Alamy

Unit 7.3: Andy Johnstone/Panos Pictures; Robert Estall photo agency/Alamy

Unit 7.4: Frederic Courbet/Corbis; Valentyn Volkov/Shutterstock; Ami Vitale/Panos Pictures

Unit 7.5: Getty Images/Flickr Vision; Dieter Telemans/Panos Pictures; Kevin Fleming/Corbis; Kristian Buus/In Pictures/Corbis; Dieter Telemans/Panos Pictures

Unit 7.6: Getty Images/Flickr Vision; DavorLovincic/iStock

Unit 7.7: U.S. Navy photo by David B. Hudson; Sven Torfinn/Panos Pictures; U.S. Navy photo/Released; U.S. Navy photo by Jason R. Zalasky; Arabella Williams

Unit 7.8: age fotostock/Alamy; Arabella Williams; Paul Springett 07/Alamy

Unit 7.9: De Agostini/Getty Images; RoseMarie Gallagher; Image Bank Film/Getty Images; Andrew McConnell/Alamy

Unit 7.10: Stefan Boness/Panos Pictures; Zha Chunming/Xinhua Press/Corbis; Andrew McConnell/Panos Pictures; Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures

Artwork by Mike Parsons, Steve Evans, Ian West, Simon Tegg, Giorgio Bacchin and NAF. With special thanks to Mark Walker for design.

Animations by Alternative View Studios. With special thanks to Seb Burge for the animation music.

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of publication; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

geog.2

View acknowledgements

The publishers and authors would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs and other copyright material:

Chapter 1

Barry Lewis/Alamy; CR World; Getty Images; NASA; Visuals Unlimited/Corbis; 64/Ocean/Corbis; Michael Dwyer/Alamy; © PHIL NOBLE/Reuters/Corbis; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; REX/Dobson Agency; © Nick Cable/Alamy; craig hill/Shutterstock

Unit 1.0: fongfong/Shutterstock; Barry Lewis/Alamy

Unit 1.1: Mary Evans Picture Library; Cultura RM/Alamy; NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY, Zooid Pictures;

Unit 1.2: Barry Lewis/Alamy; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; © Nick Cable/Alamy; 64/Ocean/Corbis; Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy; EpicStockMedia/Shutterstock; Anneka/Shutterstock

Unit 1.3: CR World

Unit 1.4: NASA; Getty Images; LittleStocker/Shutterstock; © Barry Lewis/Alamy, Umberto Shtanzman/Shutterstock

Unit 1.5: craig hill/Shutterstock; 64/Ocean/Corbis; Getty Images; Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy; Oleksandr Kalinichenko/Shutterstock; Tyler Olson/Shutterstock; Darren Baker/Shutterstock; Oleg Zabielin/Shutterstock; Marcos Mesa Sam Wordley/Shutterstock

Chapter 2

Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; MitarArt/Shutterstock; szefei/Shutterstock; Serg Zastavkin/Shutterstock; Zzvet/Shutterstock; Goran Bogicevic/Shutterstock; Ian Shaw/Alamy; Rex Features; Richard Packwood/Photolibrary; Grigvovan/Shutterstock; beibaoke/Shutterstock; marla dawn studio/Shutterstock; kanvag/Shutterstock

Unit 2.0: Steve Mann/Shutterstock

Unit 2.1: Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; beibaoke/Shutterstock; gourmetphotography/Shutterstock

Unit 2.2: Serg Zastavkin/Shutterstock; Milosz_M/Shutterstock; szefei/Shutterstock; Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock

Unit 2.3: Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives, Manchester City Council; MitarArt/Shutterstock; Givaga/Shutterstock; Radius Images/Corbis; homydesign/Shutterstock; vlad.georgescu/Shutterstock

Unit 2.4: marla dawn studio/Shutterstock; milosk50/Shutterstock; Grigvovan/Shutterstock

Unit 2.5: Paul Stover/Getty Images; Robert Brook/Science Photo Library; Peter Jordan/Alamy; kanvag/Shutterstock; Holger Mette/Shutterstock

Unit 2.6: Goran Bogicevic/Shutterstock; diversepixel/Shutterstock

Chapter 3

Sean Pavone/Shutterstock; Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives, Manchester City Council; Mary Evans Picture Library; © Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; TonyV3112/Shutterstock; beibaoke/Shutterstock; © John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; LUCARELLI TEMISTOCLE/Shutterstock; Bloomberg via Getty Images; © Ed Reardon/Alamy; © Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; © Clint McLean/Corbis; © THOMAS MUKOYA/Reuters/Corbis

Unit 3.0: Sean Pavone/Shutterstock

Unit 3.1: Sean Pavone/Shutterstock; © THOMAS MUKOYA/Reuters/Corbis; © David Bagnall/Alamy; © Paul White Aerial views/Alamy

Unit 3.2: © Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy

Unit 3.3: © Ed Reardon/Alamy; © John Henshall/Alamy; © Andy Marshall/Alamy

Unit 3.4: CR World; Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock; TonyV3112/Shutterstock

Unit 3.5: Robert Harding Images/Masterfile; Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock; mangostock/Shutterstock

Unit 3.6: Sean Pavone/Shutterstock; beibaoke/Shutterstock; Bloomberg via Getty Images; Henry Georgi/Getty Images; Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock; naipung/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Photofusion/Photographersdirect.com; © THOMAS MUKOYA/Reuters/Corbis; Dmitry V. Petrenko/Shutterstock

Unit 3.7: © John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; LUCARELLI TEMISTOCLE/Shutterstock; © Horizons WWP/Alamy; Lucian Coman/Shutterstock

Unit 3.8: © Clint McLean/Corbis; TonyV3112/Shutterstock; © THOMAS MUKOYA/Reuters/Corbis; © Foster + Partners; Matilde Gattoni/arabianEye/Corbis; © Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Bloomberg via Getty Images; Courtesy of LAVA – Laboratory for Visionary Architecture

Chapter 4

© Paul Chambers/Alamy; PictureLake/Fotolia; Robert Francis/Robert Harding/Photolibrary; © Adrian Warren/www.lastrefuge.co.uk; Alamy Images; Daniel Gale/Shutterstock; © PHIL NOBLE/Reuters/Corbis; © John Worrall/Alamy; Hull News & Pictures Ltd/Photographersdirect.com; Andrew Holt/Getty Images; Mike Page - www.mike-page.com; © Arch White/Alamy; Renee Morris/Alamy; Martin Bond/Environmental Images/Photofusion Picture Library

Unit 4.0: Renee Morris/Alamy; Alamy Images; © Paul Chambers/Alamy

Unit 4.1: PictureLake/Fotolia; Alamy Images; Mike Page - www.mike-page.com; www.michaelmarten.com; EpicStockMedia/Shutterstock

Unit 4.2: © Adrian Warren/www.lastrefuge.co.uk; Alamy Images; © John Worrall/Alamy; Skyworks/Getty Images; Sky News/Film Image Partner/Getty Images; Last Refuge/Getty Images

Unit 4.3: Martin Bond/Environmental Images/Photofusion Picture Library

Unit 4.4: Peter Titmuss/Alamy; Keith Bowser Photography/ Photographersdirect.com; Hemera Technologies/Jupiter Images; Stephen Hird/REUTERS; Nickos/Fotolia; Philip Bird LRPS CPAGB/Shutterstock; Daniel Gale/Shutterstock; Doug Houghton, Art Directors and TRIP; Radius Images/Jupiter Images

Unit 4.5: Visit Cornwall; Daniel Gale/Shutterstock; Digital Globe/Apollo Images; jointstar/Shutterstock

Unit 4.6: © PHIL NOBLE/Reuters/Corbis; © Arch White/Alamy; © keith morris news/Alamy; © FLPA/Alamy

Unit 4.7: Mike Page - www.mike-page.com; © John Worrall/Alamy

Unit 4.8: REX/Dobson Agency; Hull News & Pictures Ltd/Photographersdirect.com; Andrew Holt/Getty Images; Mike Page - www.mike-page.com

Chapter 5

Anneka/Shutterstock; Kathy deWitt/Alamy; Craig Lenihan/Associated Press; Andrew Fox/Alamy; David Hughes/123rf; Ejla/iStock; Iscatel/Shutterstock; Peter Titmuss/Alamy; © Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy; GM Photo Images/Alamy; Clint Spencer/iStock; © DBURKE/Alamy; Dainis Derics/Shutterstock

Unit 5.0: Anneka/Shutterstock;

Unit 5.1: Kathy deWitt/Alamy; Jonathan Ernst/REUTERS; Andrew Fox/Alamy; Dainis Derics/Shutterstock; Craig Lenihan/Associated Press; Getty Images; © AzureRepublicPhotography/Alamy; Kosin Sukhum/Shutterstock; REX/Dobson Agency; Puchan/Shutterstock; Clint Spencer/iStock; mb_fotos/CanstockPhoto

Unit 5.2: Elena Elisseeva/123rf; Puchan/Shutterstock; Iscatel/Shutterstock; Corel/Oxford University Press

Unit 5.3: Ejla/iStock; © Robert Harding World Imagery/Alamy; Cristi Matei/Shutterstock; Cheryl Casey/Shutterstock

Unit 5.4: Corel/Oxford University Press; © DBURKE/Alamy; Pefkos/Fotolia; Andrew Fox/Alamy; Iscatel/Shutterstock; Ejla/iStock

Unit 5.5: Iscatel/Shutterstock; David Hughes/123rf; Gareth McCormack/Alamy; Solid Web Designs LTD/Shutterstock; Rgtimeline/Shutterstock; Tyler Olson/Shutterstock; Century Litho Limited

Unit 5.6: Ejla/iStock

Unit 5.7: © Nick Cable/Alamy; Clint Spencer/iStock; © DBURKE/Alamy; Iscatel/Shutterstock; © Dorset Media Service / Alamy

Unit 5.8: Anneka/Shutterstock; Visuals Unlimited/Corbis

Unit 5.9: © Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy; Corel/Oxford University Press; Matthew Dixo/Shutterstock

Unit 5.10: Peter Titmuss/Alamy; Aleksander Bolbot/Shutterstock; Maxim Petrichuk/Shutterstock; bozulek/Shutterstock

Chapter 6

Press Association Images; Jonathan Irish/National Geographic Society/Corbis; Richard Becker/Alamy; GM Photo Images/Alamy; Pefkos/Fotolia; Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives, Manchester City Council; Photofusion/Photographersdirect.com; dbimages/Alamy; craig hill/Shutterstock; Dita Alangkara/Associated Press; Blend Images/Alamy; Radius Images/Corbis

Unit 6.0: Press Association Images;

Unit 6.1: GM Photo Images/Alamy; Aleksander Bolbot/Shutterstock; Serg Zastavkin/Shutterstock; Andrea Danti/Shutterstock; Ammit Jack/Shutterstock; Dchauy/Shutterstock; Elena Elisseeva/123rf

Unit 6.2: Blend Images/Alamy; inga spence/Alamy; Elena Elisseeva/123rf; Christian Mueller/Shutterstock; Ivan_Sabo/Shutterstock; zoyalipets/Shutterstock

Unit 6.3: Blend Images/Alamy; GM Photo Images/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; VanderWolf Images/Shutterstock; Pefkos/Fotolia

Unit 6.4: GM Photo Images/Alamy; David Mafabi; Ashley Cooper/Picimpact/Corbis; GM Photo Images/Alamy; Radius Images/Corbis

Unit 6.5: Dita Alangkara/Associated Press; Photofusion/Photographersdirect.com

Unit 6.6: Radius Images/Corbis; David Acosta Allely/Shutterstock; Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock; Warren Goldswain/Shutterstock; Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives, Manchester City Council

Chapter 7

PLANET OBSERVER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Udompeter/Shutterstock; Hoang Cong Thanh/Shutterstock; Yongyut Kumsri/Shutterstock; mybeginner/Shutterstock; testing/Shutterstock; Gusev Mikhail Evgenievich/Shutterstock; fuyu liu/Shutterstock; Shchipkova Elena/Shutterstock; Radiokafka/Shutterstock

Unit 7.0: PLANET OBSERVER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; testing/Shutterstock; Chonlapoom Banharn/Shutterstock; mybeginner/Shutterstock; Dragon Images/Shutterstock; Udompeter/Shutterstock; Yongyut Kumsri/Shutterstock; Aleksander Bolbot/Shutterstock; Dmytro Korolov/Shutterstock; © Kumar Sriskandan/Alamy

Unit 7.1: ChinaFotoPress; Yongyut Kumsri/Shutterstock; testing/Shutterstock; Chonlapoom Banharn/Shutterstock; mybeginner/Shutterstock; Dragon Images/Shutterstock; Udompeter/Shutterstock; Yongyut Kumsri/Shutterstock; Aleksander Bolbot/Shutterstock; Dmytro Korolov/Shutterstock

Unit 7.2: ChinaFotoPress

Unit 7.3: © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul, Turkey/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; Georgios Kollidas/Shutterstock; Matt Jeppson/Shutterstock; © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy

Unit 7.4: testing/Shutterstock; Hoang Cong Thanh/Shutterstock; mybeginner/Shutterstock; Radiokafka/Shutterstock; Chonlapoom Banharn/Shutterstock; fuyu liu/Shutterstock; Zzvet/Shutterstock; Dragon Images/Shutterstock

Unit 7.5: Udompeter/Shutterstock; Yongyut Kumsri/Shutterstock; Udompeter/Shutterstock; De Visu/Shutterstock; Felix Lipov/Shutterstock; M R/Shutterstock; Karen Winton/Shutterstock; EggHeadPhoto/Shutterstock; PLANET OBSERVER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY;

Unit 7.6: Guo Yu/Shutterstock; mybeginner/Shutterstock; Zzvet/Shutterstock; testing/Shutterstock; PokkO/Shutterstock

Unit 7.7: Gusev Mikhail Evgenievich/Shutterstock; © Dmitry Deshevykh/Alamy; Maxim Petrichuk/Shutterstock; bozulek/Shutterstock; Dmytro Korolov/Shutterstock; Shchipkova Elena/Shutterstock;

Chapter 8

Bruno Morandi/Getty Images; ChinaFotoPress/Stringer/Getty Images; Zheng Duo/ColorChinaPhoto/Associated Press; © Ivan Vdovin/Alamy; Song Mingkun/ChinaFotoPress; © STRINGER SHANGHAI/Reuters/Corbis; © Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; © China Images/Alamy; FLPA/Alamy; © Ivan Vdovin/Alamy; KeystoneUSA-ZUMA/REX; © ADRIAN BRADSHAW/epa/Corbis; © Sean Gallagher/National Geographic Society/Corbis; © Nie Jianjiang/Xinhua Press/Corbis; © China Images/Alamy; NASA

Unit 8.0: © EIL Austria/Nasa/Alamy; Li Yong/ChinaFotoPress; © John Henshall/Alamy; © ERIC LAFFORGUE/Alamy; © imageBROKER/Alamy; FLPA/Alamy; © Imaginechina/Corbis

Unit 8.1: Li Yong/ChinaFotoPress; testing/Shutterstock; © ADRIAN BRADSHAW/epa/Corbis; Yuri Yavnik/Shutterstock;

Unit 8.2: © Peter Probst/Alamy; © David Pollack/Corbis; © Imaginechina/Corbis; Bloomua/Shutterstock; ikuvshinov/Shutterstock; urfin/Shutterstock; Carsten Reisinger/Shutterstock; karen roach/Shutterstock; picturepartners/Shutterstock; © David Pollack/Corbis

Unit 8.3: © Ivan Vdovin/Alamy; UIG via Getty Images; Zheng Duo/ColorChinaPhoto/Associated Press; xPACIFICA/Getty; Bruno Morandi/Getty Images

Unit 8.4: Song Mingkun/ChinaFotoPress; Photography by Daniel Frauchiger, Switzerland/Getty Images; © REINHARD KRAUSE/Reuters/Corbis; Zheng Duo/ColorChinaPhoto/Associated Press/© Christian Henrik Nesheim 2013

Unit 8.5: Song Mingkun/ChinaFotoPress; © LOOK Die Bildagentur der Fotografen GmbH / Alamy; Wu Fang/ChinaFotoPress; © Qiyang Chen/Alamy; © LOOK Die Bildagentur der Fotografen GmbH/Alamy; © Silke Woweries/Corbis;

Unit 8.6: Imaginechina/REX; Thomas Marent/Minden Pictures/FLPA; © STRINGER SHANGHAI/Reuters/Corbis; © STRINGER SHANGHAI/Reuters/Corbis; © Ryan Pyle/Corbis

Unit 8.7: © Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; NASA; © Nie Jianjiang/Xinhua Press/Corbis; KeystoneUSA-ZUMA/REX; Peter Zaharov/Shutterstock

Unit 8.8: CaptainImages/Shutterstock; © Galen Rowell/Corbis; Peter Zaharov/Shutterstock; © Sean Gallagher/National Geographic Society/Corbis; 360b/Shutterstock;

Unit 8.9: NASA; Peter Zaharov/Shutterstock; © China Images/Alamy;

Artwork by Steve Evans, Ian West, Giorgio Bacchin, NAF, Ruth Palmer and QBS. With special thanks to Mark Walker for design.

Animations by Alternative View Studios. With special thanks to Seb Burge for the animation music and © Christian Henrik Nesheim 2013 for the video content for the animation 8.4 Why is Chongqing growing so quickly?

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of publication; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

geog.3

View acknowledgements

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Chapter 1

© Richard Newton/Alamy; NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM, LONDON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; GREGORY DIMIJIAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; beboy/Shutterstock; © Steven Milne/Alamy; Visuals Unlimited, Inc./Patrick Endres/Getty Images; Pecold/Shutterstock; © Richard Newton/Alamy; VisitBritain/Matt Cant/Getty Images; © Simon Tranter Photography/Alamy; Lukas Gojda/Shutterstock; djgis/Shutterstock; Pi-Lens/Shutterstock; © Steven Milne/Alamy; © Oliver Smart/Alamy; Parnumas Na Phatthalung/Shutterstock; © Tetra Images/Alamy; © willie sator/Alamy; © Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy

Unit 1.0: © Richard Newton/Alamy; agrosse/Shutterstock; Geir Olav Lyngfjell/Shutterstock; Gigi Peis/Shutterstock; Paul J Martin/Shutterstock; VisitBritain/Matt Cant/Getty Images; Tyler Boyes/Shutterstock

Unit 1.1: © Photimageon/Alamy; NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM, LONDON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Tyler Boyes/Shutterstock; © Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; cherezoff/Shutterstock; ilterriorm/Shutterstock; Pavlo Loushkin/Shutterstock; Ollyy/Shutterstock

Unit 1.2: Visuals Unlimited, Inc./Patrick Endres/Getty Images; beboy/Shutterstock; Pecold/Shutterstock; Gigi Peis/Shutterstock

Unit 1.3: Pi-Lens/Shutterstock; © Steven Milne/Alamy; © Richard Newton/Alamy; katarinag/Shutterstock; T-Design/Shutterstock

Unit 1.4: KonstantinChristian/Shutterstock; © nagelestock.com/Alamy; johnduncanfilmmaker/Shutterstock

Unit 1.5: DR KEITH WHEELER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; © Sabena Jane Blackbird/Alamy; Stephane Bidouze/Shutterstock

Unit 1.6: Photos by R A Kearton/Getty Images; © nagelestock.com/Alamy; © Paul Chambers/Alamy; Adrian Pluskota/Shutterstock; Pecold/Shutterstock; © eye35/Alamy

Unit 1.7: © Simon Tranter Photography/Alamy; VisitBritain/Matt Cant/Getty Images; John W Banagan/Getty Images; Ordnance Survey; Neil Burton/Shutterstock; Critterbiz/Shutterstock

Unit 1.8: serato/Shutterstock; Lukas Gojda/Shutterstock; © blickwinkel/Alamy

Chapter 2

With kind permission of Salt Farm Texel; Noam Armonn/Shutterstock; © Jake Lyell/Alamy; © Erich Schlegel/Corbis; srieussec/iStockphoto; © Remi Benali/Corbis; TPG/Getty Images; Matej Kastelic/Shutterstock; Stephen Meese/Shutterstock; © Tibor Bognar/Alamy; 717Images by Paul Wood/Getty Images; Duncan McKenzie/Getty Images; NIGEL CATTLIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock; © Rolf Richardson/Alamy; WitR/Shutterstock; © John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; Planet Observer/Getty Images

Unit 2.0: FotograFFF/Shutterstock; © Richard Newton/Alamy

Unit 2.1: © Tim Scrivener/Alamy; Getty Images; © Jake Lyell/Alamy; GMEVIPHOTO/Shutterstock; Iakov Kalinin/Shutterstock

Unit 2.2: Aleksandra Duda/Shutterstock; © Cultura Creative (RF)/Alamy; Forster Forest/Shutterstock; Aleksandra Duda/Shutterstock

Unit 2.3: Matej Kastelic/Shutterstock; © Erich Schlegel/Corbis; © Erich Schlegel/Corbis; PhotoQuest/Getty Images

Unit 2.4: © Jake Lyell/Alamy; Modfos/Shutterstock

Unit 2.5: Noam Armonn/Shutterstock; © Visions of America, LLC/Alamy; Lukas Gojda/Shutterstock

Unit 2.6: © Remi Benali/Corbis; TPG/Getty Images

Unit 2.7: Nicolas Thibaut/Getty Images; Sven Torfinn/Panos; International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT); © Remi Benali/Corbis; srieussec/iStockphoto; Nicolas Thibaut/Getty Images; © Olivier Asselin/Alamy; Andrew McConnell/Panos; Eric Isselee/Shutterstock; gresei/Shutterstock; anyaivanova/Shutterstock; Marioner/Shutterstock

Unit 2.8: WIM VAN EGMOND/VISUALS UNLIMITED, INC. /SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Gerald Herbert/AP/Press Association Images; © US Coast Guard Photo/Alamy; Yaroslava/Shutterstock; Maks Narodenko/Shutterstock; Gordana Sermek/Shutterstock; OlegDoroshin/Shutterstock; Sailorr/Shutterstock

Unit 2.9: Sembcorp Utilities (UK) Limited; Stephen Meese/Shutterstock; © Tim Scrivener/Alamy

Unit 2.10: © Tibor Bognar/Alamy; © Justin Kase zsixz/Alamy; Duncan McKenzie/Getty Images

Unit 2.11: Pete Oxford/Nature PL; © Blaine Harrington III/Alamy; 717Images by Paul Wood/Getty Images; George Grall/Getty Images; Glenn Bartley/Getty Images; © David Cole/Alamy

Chapter 3

© Geraint Lewis/Alamy; Monty Rakusen/Getty Images; © Janine Wiedel Photolibrary/Alamy; Andersen Ross/Getty Images; George Konig/Getty Images; Brent Lewin/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Suzanne Plunkett/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Sipa USA/REX; Bloom Productions/Getty Images; Trevor Snapp/Bloomberg via Getty Images; © SUZANNE PLUNKETT/Reuters/Corbis

Unit 3.0: David Freund/Getty Images

Unit 3.1: Mark William Richardson/Shutterstock; Monty Rakusen/Getty Images; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; © Janine Wiedel Photolibrary/Alamy; Avatar_023/Shutterstock

Unit 3.2: Andersen Ross/Getty Images; © Justin Kase zsixz/Alamy; Matt Cardy/Getty Images; Jim Richardson/Getty Images; © Image Source/Alamy; © Horizons WWP/Alamy; Monty Rakusen/Getty Images; Shaun McCallig/Cartoonstock

Unit 3.3: Everett Historical/Shutterstock

Unit 3.4: © Commission Air/Alamy

Unit 3.5: © SUZANNE PLUNKETT/Reuters/Corbis; Dmitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock; Trevor Snapp/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Iakov Kalinin/Shutterstock

Unit 3.6: Brent Lewin/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Sipa USA/REX; © Oleksiy Maksymenko/Alamy; Marin de Espinosa/Shutterstock; © studiomode/Alamy

Unit 3.7: Sipa USA/REX; ZUMA/REX

Unit 3.8: Bloom Productions/Getty Images; Zeynep Demir/Shutterstock

Chapter 4

Guy Mansfield/Panos; © Sam Pollitt/Alamy; © Ton Koene/Visuals Unlimited/Corbis; © STAFF/Reuters/Corbis; erichon/Shutterstock; joyfull/Shutterstock; Banana Republic images/Shutterstock; © Maximilian Weinzierl/Alamy; © Simon Rawles/Alamy; © Scott Bairstow/Alamy; Brent Lewin/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Scott K MacLeod/REX; Avatar_023/Shutterstock; © STRINGER/Reuters/Corbis

Unit 4.0: David Hiser/Getty Images; © Geraint Lewis/Alamy; Sipa USA/REX; © Ton Koene/Visuals Unlimited/Corbis; © Steve Hamblin/Alamy

Unit 4.1: © Maximilian Weinzierl/Alamy; © Jake Lyell/Alamy; Guy Mansfield/Panos; © STRINGER/Reuters/Corbis

Unit 4.2: © STAFF/Reuters/Corbis; Brick

Unit 4.3: © Jit Lim/Alamy; Goran Bogicevic/Shutterstock

Unit 4.4: Scott K MacLeod/REX; © Thomas Cockrem/Alamy; erichon/Shutterstock; Ariadne Van Zandbergen/FLPA; © Sam Pollitt/Alamy; © John Warburton-Lee/JAI/Corbis

Unit 4.5: joyfull/Shutterstock; Alex Mares-Manton/Getty Images; Banana Republic images/Shutterstock; CNES, 1991 DISTRIBUTION SPOT IMAGE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; © Steve Hamblin/Alamy; © Jit Lim/Alamy

Unit 4.6: © Sam Pollitt/Alamy; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; O'SHI/Shutterstock; Paskee/Shutterstock; Sergey Uryadnikov/Shutterstock; Scott K MacLeod/REX; Christopher Polk/Getty Images for Sony

Unit 4.7: © STAFF/Reuters/Corbis; © STAFF/Reuters/Corbis

Unit 4.8: Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images; © Paul Doyle/Alamy; Zoltan Major/Shutterstock

Unit 4.9: © imageBROKER/Alamy; Tim Graham/Getty Images; © Scott Bairstow/Alamy

Chapter 5

© ORIETTA SCARDINO/epa/Corbis; Sipa Press/REX; Juancat/Shutterstock; ©ullsteinbild/TopFoto; Xinhua News Agency/REX; DigitalGlobe via Getty Images; © Martin Rietze/Westend61/Corbis; © Alberto Garcia/Corbis; JOHN RUSSELL/AFP/Getty Images; dibrova/Shutterstock; Tom Wang/Shutterstock; aerialarchives.com/Alamy; Jarno Gonzalez Zarraonandia/Shutterstock

Unit 5.0: © CORBIS; © Alberto Garcia/Corbis; Cristobal Garciaferro/Shutterstock; Xinhua News Agency/REX; Sipa Press/REX; JOHN RUSSELL/AFP/Getty Images

Unit 5.1: © dave stamboulis/Alamy; Juancat/Shutterstock; © CORBIS; Bloomberg/Getty; Mix3r/Shutterstock

Unit 5.2: Xinhua News Agency/REX;

Unit 5.3: RIA NOVOSTI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; TONY CRADDOCK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; © dave stamboulis/Alamy

Unit 5.4: Xinhua News Agency/REX; Crystal Eye Studio/Shutterstock

Unit 5.5: Sipa Press/REX; Feng Li/Getty Images; Isaac Mok/Shutterstock; Sean Pavone/Shutterstock

Unit 5.6: DigitalGlobe via Getty Images; JOHN RUSSELL/AFP/Getty Images; ©ullsteinbild/TopFoto

Unit 5.7: Juancat/Shutterstock; Cristobal Garciaferro/Shutterstock; © Alberto Garcia/Corbis; Mary Lyn Fonua/AFP/Getty Images

Unit 5.8: Johann Helgason/Shutterstock; TONY CRADDOCK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Steve Allen/Getty; PLANETARY VISIONS LTD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Juancat/Shutterstock; naten/Shutterstock

Unit 5.9: Bob Stefko/Getty; adloph weng/Getty; Johann Helgason/Shutterstock

Chapter 6

© B&C Alexander/ArcticPhoto; © Shen Bohan/Xinhua Press/Corbis; Igor V. Podkopaev/Shutterstock; FotograFFF/Shutterstock; REX; Dmitro2009/Shutterstock; © ITAR-TASS Photo Agency/Alamy; Serg Zastavkin/Shutterstock; © Shen Bohan/Xinhua Press/Corbis; Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Unit 6.0: Holger Mette/iStockphoto; REX; © ITAR-TASS Photo Agency/Alamy; © Shen Bohan/Xinhua Press/Corbis; FotograFFF/Shutterstock; Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg via Getty Images; AridOcean/Shutterstock

Unit 6.1: © Yadid Levy/Alamy; Holger Mette/iStockphoto; Budkov Denis/Shutterstock

Unit 6.2: APIC/Getty Images; VYACHESLAV OSELEDKO/AFP/Getty Images; © Yadid Levy/Alamy

Unit 6.3: Dobrin Minkov/Shutterstock; © Images & Stories/Alamy; RIA NOVOSTI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Unit 6.4: Serg Zastavkin/Shutterstock; © B&C Alexander/ArcticPhoto; © PaulPaladin/Alamy; Dobrin Minkov/Shutterstock; Sergey Gorshkov/NaturePL.com; Denis Ukolov/Shutterstock; © Photo ITAR-TASS/ITAR-TASS Photo/Corbis

Unit 6.5: mgfoto/Shutterstock; Dmitro2009/Shutterstock; Martynova Anna/Shutterstock

Unit 6.6: Vladimir Godnik/Getty Images; © ITAR-TASS Photo Agency/Alamy; © Yadid Levy/Alamy; tunart/Getty Images; Dmitro2009/Shutterstock; Aleksander Karpenko/Shutterstock; KAINULAINEN/REX; Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images; © Nadia Isakova/Alamy

Unit 6.7: © B&C Alexander/ArcticPhoto; © Reuters/CORBIS; REX; Justin Jin/Panos; Mark Redkin/FotoSoyuz/Getty Images

Unit 6.8: Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Chapter 7

© John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; © Art of Travel/Alamy; © Olivia Nitaji/Alamy; Michal Knitl/Shutterstock; asliuzunoglu/Shutterstock; Byelikova Oksana/Shutterstock; © Ali Haider/epa/Corbis; © STRINGER/IRAQ/Reuters/Corbis; Ryan Rodrick Beiler/Shutterstock; Saudi Desert Photos by TARIQ-M/Getty Images; Ischmidt/Shutterstock; Spencer Platt/Getty Images; Mikhail Kolesnikov/Shutterstock; FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP/Getty Images

Unit 7.0: Saudi Desert Photos by TARIQ-M/Getty Images; Alexander Ishchenko/Shutterstock; Ischmidt/Shutterstock; © Ayhan Altun/Alamy; Michal Knitl/Shutterstock; © Art of Travel/Alamy; asliuzunoglu/Shutterstock; © Rafael Ben-Ari/Alamy; © Network Photographer/Alamy; Planet Observer/Getty Images; Sophie James/Shutterstock

Unit 7.1: Byelikova Oksana/Shutterstock

Unit 7.2: Michal Knitl/Shutterstock; Bobby Model/National Geographic/Getty Images; © Network Photographer/Alamy; Oleksandr Kalinichenko/Shutterstock; Planet Observer/Getty Images

Unit 7.3: asliuzunoglu/Shutterstock; Bobby Model/National Geographic/Getty Images; Saudi Desert Photos by TARIQ-M/Getty Images; © John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy

Unit 7.4: STR/AFP/Getty Images; © CHROMORANGE/Günter Fischer/Alamy; thomas koch/Shutterstock; © Oleksandr Rupeta/NurPhoto/Corbis; Boris Diakovsky/Shutterstock; Borya Galperin/Shutterstock; Mikhail Kolesnikov/Shutterstock

Unit 7.5: Planet Observer/Getty Images; JOSEPH EID/AFP/Getty Images; FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP/Getty Images; © Images & Stories/Alamy; Eric Lafforgue/Getty Images; © Ali Haider/epa/Corbis; © Art of Travel/Alamy; Jochen Tack/Getty Images; Jordan Pix/ Getty Images; Hani Mohammed/AP/Press Association Images; Hani Mohammed/AP/Press Association Images

Unit 7.6: © STRINGER/IRAQ/Reuters/Corbis

Unit 7.7: Quote taken from The Grand Design by Leonard Mlodinow and Stephen Hawking. Published by Bantam Press and reproduced by permission of The Random House Group Ltd.; Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images

Artwork by Mike Parsons, Ian West, Mike Phillips, Simon Tegg, Mike Connor and Steve Evans. With special thanks to Mark Walker for design.

Animations by Alternative View Studios. With special thanks to Seb Burge for the animation music.

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of publication; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

geog.1 5th Edition

View acknowledgements

geog.1 5th edition

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Chapter 1

End-of-lesson tests

Midland Aerial Pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; nik wheeler/Getty Images; Lanmas/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian G Dagnall/Alamy Stock Photo; Royal Geographical Society/Getty Images

End-of-chapter test

Midland Aerial Pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; nik wheeler/Getty Images; Lanmas/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian G Dagnall/Alamy Stock Photo; Royal Geographical Society/Getty Images

End-of-chapter assessment paper

Malcolm Couzens; David Bagnall/Alamy Stock Photo

Lessons

© Bryan & Cherry Alexander Photography/Arctic Photo; Midland Aerial Pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; Malcolm Couzens; David Bagnall/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 2

End-of-lesson tests

Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales; Robert Ashton/Massive Pixels/Alamy Stock Photo; Robert Ashton/Massive Pixels/Alamy Stock Photo; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249

End-of-chapter test

Robert Ashton/Massive Pixels/Alamy Stock Photo; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249

End-of-chapter assessment paper

© Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249

Worksheets

Science History Images/Alamy Stock Photo; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; © Crown copyright 2019 Ordnance Survey; Getmapping.com

Lessons

Robert Ashton/Massive Pixels/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock; Midland Aerial Pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; Pawel Libera/Getty Images; Guy Edwardes Photography/Alamy Stock Photo; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249; With kind permission from Alan Green; Galen Rowell/Mountain Light/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 3

End-of-lesson tests

www.mjt.photography/Alamy Stock Photo; BANANA PANCAKE/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter test

www.mjt.photography/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter assessment paper

BANANA PANCAKE/Alamy Stock Photo

Worksheets

Nick Ansell/PA Archive/PA Images

Lessons

I Wei Huang/Shutterstock; John J Brown/Shutterstock; PhotoLondonUK/Shutterstock; Matthias Schulz/Shutterstock; Michael Charles/123RF; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; ESA/NASA

Chapter 4

End-of-lesson tests

J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; Paul Heinrich/Alamy Stock Photo; Andrew Leaney; Ashley Cooper/Alamy Stock Photo; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249; Shutterstock

End-of-chapter test

J Oerlemans/Utrecht University

End-of-chapter assessment paper

© Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249

Worksheets

Michael Graham/Bleaberry Tarn/CC BY-SA 2.0; Shutterstock; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249

Lessons

J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; NASA; J Oerlemans/Utrecht University; With kind permission from Alan Green; Andrew Leaney; Shutterstock; iLongLoveKing/Shutterstock; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249; DAVID VAUGHAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Checkpoint quizzes

With kind permission from Alan Green; OUP

Chapter 5

End-of-lesson tests

Partrick Mackie/www.geograph.org.uk/CC BY-SA 2.0; geogphotos/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; Jeremy Moeran/Alamy Stock Photo Environment Agency; Vagner Vidal /INS News Agency; Alessia Pierdomenico/REUTERS

End-of-chapter test

Partrick Mackie/www.geograph.org.uk/CC BY-SA 2.0; geogphotos/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter assessment paper

Toby Melville/Reuters

Lessons

Shutterstock; © Crown copyright 2019 OS100000249; Tony Watson/Alamy Stock Photo; Nigel Sawyer/Alamy Stock Photo; Andi Edwards/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; Toby Melville/Reuters

Checkpoint quizzes

geogphotos/Alamy

Chapter 6

End-of-lesson tests

Shutterstock; MELBA PHOTO AGENCY/Alamy Stock Photo; Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter test

Shutterstock; MELBA PHOTO AGENCY/Alamy Stock Photo; Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock

Lessons

Frank Kahts/Alamy Stock Photo; Danita Delimont/Getty Images; Shutterstock; NASA; Sven Torfinn/Panos; frans lemmens/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 7

End-of-lesson tests

Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy Stock Photo; Images of Africa Photobank/Alamy Stock Photo; Images of Africa Photobank/Alamy Stock Photo; Dbimages/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter test

Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy Stock Photo

Lessons

Nina Hassa/Alamy Stock Photo; Neil Thomas/Getty Images; Shutterstock; Stock Photos | Geographical Locations/iStockphoto; Images of Africa Photobank/Alamy Stock Photo; Dbimages/Alamy Stock Photo; Joerg Boethling/Alamy Stock Photo; Benedicte Desrus/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Treanor/Alamy Stock Photo; AFP/Getty Images; Kumar Sriskandan/Alamy Stock Photo; Avalon/Photoshot License/Alamy Stock Photo; Sven Torfinn/Panos; Wayne HUTCHINSON/Alamy Stock Photo

Artwork by Mike Phillips, Ian West, QBS Learning, Mike Parsons, and Simon Tegg.

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

geog.2 5th Edition

View acknowledgements

geog.2 5th edition

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Chapter 1

End-of-lesson tests

Shutterstock

End-of-chapter test

Shutterstock

End-of-chapter assessment paper

Shutterstock; Skyscan Photolibrary/Alamy Stock Photo

Chapter 2

End-of-lesson tests

peter jordan/Alamy Stock Photo; ROBERT BROOK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Shutterstock

End-of-chapter test

Shutterstock; peter jordan/Alamy Stock Photo; ROBERT BROOK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Shutterstock

Chapter 3

End-of-lesson tests

Shutterstock

End-of-chapter test

Shutterstock

Worksheets

Hirotaka Ihara/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock; GRANT ROONEY PREMIUM/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter assessment paper

Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives; PIUS UTOMI EKPEI/Getty Images

Checkpoint quizzes

PIUS UTOMI EKPEI/Getty

Chapter 4

End-of-lesson tests

Albanpix/Shutterstock; Mike Page; Stephen Hird/Reuters; Graham Prentice/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Titmuss/Alamy Stock Photo; Keyworded/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock; Adrian Warren/Last refuge; www.michaelmarten.com; Roger Driscoll/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter test

Roger Driscoll/Alamy Stock Photo; Adrian Warren/Last refuge; www.michaelmarten.com;

www.michaelmarten.com; Stephen Hird/Reuters; Graham Prentice/Alamy Stock Photo; Keyworded/Alamy Stock Photo; Albanpix/Shutterstock

Worksheets

Gary K Smith/Alamy Stock Photo; Gary K Smith/Alamy Stock Photo; John Worrall/Alamy Stock Photo; Phil Noble/Reuters

End-of-chapter assessment paper

© Crown copyright 2020 OS100000249; Mike Page

Checkpoint quizzes

Adrian Warren/Last refuge; © Crown copyright 2020 OS100000249

Chapter 5

End-of-lesson tests

NOAA via Getty Images; Corel/OUP; Corel/OUP; Shutterstock

End-of-chapter test

Shutterstock; imageBROKER/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter assessment paper

NOAA via Getty Images

Checkpoint quizzes

Corel/OUP; Shutterstock

Chapter 6

End-of-lesson tests

Mike Goldwater/Alamy Stock Photo; Michael Routh/Alamy Stock Photo; Ashley Cooper pics/Alamy Stock Photo; imageBROKER/Alamy Stock Photo; BRITISH ANTARCTIC SURVEY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; William Crawford, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, U.S. Implementing Organization (IODP USIO)

End-of-chapter test

BRITISH ANTARCTIC SURVEY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; William Crawford, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, U.S. Implementing Organization (IODP USIO)

End-of-chapter assessment paper

BRITISH ANTARCTIC SURVEY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Lexie Harrison-Cripps/Alamy Stock Photo

Checkpoint quizzes

Ashley Cooper/Science Photo Library

Chapter 7

End-of-lesson tests

Shutterstock; Dmitry Deshevykh/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock; Arterra Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock

End-of-chapter test

Shutterstock; Arterra Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock; Dmitry Deshevykh/Alamy Stock Photo

Checkpoint quizzes

Shutterstock

Chapter 8

End-of-lesson tests

Sean Pavone/Alamy Stock Photo

End-of-chapter test

Sean Pavone/Alamy Stock Photo

Artwork by Kamae Design, Mike Phillips Steve Evans, Ian West, Giorgio Bacchin, NAF, Ruth Palmer, QBS Learning..

Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Any errors or omissions in the above list will be rectified in subsequent versions if notice is given to the publisher.

Key Geography: Foundations

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Dudarev Mikhail / Shutterstock; Martin Harvey / Alamy; TACrafts / iStockphoto

Interactive activities:

Adrian Bicker/Science Photo Library; Carles Zamorano Cabello/Alamy; Tony Bushell

Detail Nottingham / Alamy; Crispin Hughes/Panos Pictures

Non-interactive resouces:

Jane Rix/Shutterstock; Alberto Garcia/Corbis; JonArnold Images/Photolibrary.com; PAVEL RAHMAN/AP/Press Association Images; All Canada Photos / Alamy; Rolf Nussbaumer Photography / Alamy; Pictorial Press Ltd / Alamy; Peter Lane / Alamy; Mike Howitt / Alamy; David Colbran / Alamy; Dennis Cox / Alamy; Ian Lamond / Alamy; Image Source / Alamy; NPS / Alamy; Global Warming Images / Alamy; epa european pressphoto agency b.v. / Alamy; Stock Connection Blue / Alamy; Enigma / Alamy; Matthew Fry / Alamy; Marc Hill / Alamy; Alistair Heap / Alamy; David Taylor / Alamy; keith morris news / Alamy; Terry Mathews / Alamy; Jordan Crosby / Alamy; Andrew Fox / Alamy; Larry Lilac / Alamy; Detail Nottingham / Alamy; Tim Gainey / Alamy; Doug Houghton / Alamy; Nigel Cattlin / Alamy; idp lake district collection / Alamy; incamerastock / Alamy Chris Howes/Wild Places Photography / Alamy; Anna Stowe Landscapes UK / Alamy; incamerastock / Alamy; Homer Sykes / Alamy; Scottish Viewpoint / Alamy; Robert Read / Alamy; Cephas Picture Library / Alamy; Chris Willson / Alamy; ffoto_life / Alamy; geographyphotos / Alamy; Polly Thomas / Alamy; Mike Goldwater / Alamy; John Robertson / Alamy; Stanley Wilson / Alamy; Sherbien Dacalanio / Alamy; John Barratt / Alamy; Alan Novelli / Alamy; The National Trust Photolibrary / Alamy; dbphots / Alamy; Photofusion Picture Library / Alamy; Gary K Smith / Alamy; Robert Harding World Imagery / Alamy; Vanessa Miles / Alamy; Christine Webb / Alamy; Nick Hanna / Alamy; Chuck Eckert / Alamy; Trevor Smithers ARPS / Alamy; Simon Webster / Alamy; CulturalEyes-AusSoc / Alamy; Peter Titmuss / Alamy; Worldwide Picture Library / Alamy; Westend61 GmbH / Alamy; Kumar Sriskandan / Alamy; Julian Eales / Alamy; geogphotos / Alamy; BRIAN HARRIS / Alamy; Arcaid Images / Alamy; Kenny Williamson Glasgow / Alamy; Les Gibbon / Alamy; AntipasM / Alamy; Paul Springett B / Alamy; The Print Collector / Alamy; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd / Alamy; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd / Alamy; christopher Pillitz / Alamy; Skyscan Photolibrary / Alamy; Jeff Gilbert / Alamy; Greg Balfour Evans / Alamy; Ed Simons / Alamy; LOOK Die Bildagentur der Fotografen GmbH / Alamy; Philip Bigg / Alamy; Mike Hesp / Alamy; Kevin Britland / Alamy; Gary I Dobner / Alamy; James Boardman / Alamy; Steve Vidler / Alamy; Janine Wiedel Photolibrary / Alamy; David Hoffman Photo Library / Alamy; Paul Thompson Images / Alamy; Martin Harvey / Alamy; Steve Cavalier / Alamy; Images of Africa Photobank / Alamy; ZUMA Press, Inc. / Alamy; John Warburton-Lee Photography / Alamy; seqoya / Fotolia; donyanedomam / Fotolia; Fotolia XXIV / Fotolia; Edward Parker / Alamy; Sam Chadwick / Shutterstock; Przemyslaw Skibinski / Shutterstock; Bzzuspajk / Shutterstock; Sadik Gulec / Shutterstock; Pecold / Shutterstock; powderkeg stock / Alamy; africa924 / Shutterstock; fstockfoto / Shutterstock; Sam Dcruz / Shutterstock; Imagestate Media Partners Limited - Impact Photos / Alamy; Andrew Aitchison / Alamy; dbimages / Alamy; Alexander Kuguchin / Shutterstock; meunierd / Shutterstock; John Warburton-Lee Photography / Alamy; Piotr Gatlik / Shutterstock; Shivang Mehta / Alamy; DWPhoto / iStockphoto

Illustrations by: Greengate Publishing Services; TAG Publishing Services; Kathy Baxendale; Nick Hawken; Angela Knowles, Gordon Lawson; Richard Morris; David Russell

Illustration; Tim Smith; John Yorke

Videos by: Neil Oseman

Audio by: Andy Turvey

Voiceover by: Jordan Wintle

Stock videos: Rick Ray / Shutterstock;  WGBH Educ. Foundation / Shutterstock; SWNS / Shutterstock; William Allum / Shutterstock; Kmotion / Shutterstock; Mike Charles / Shutterstock; Dmitrieva Olga / Shutterstock; Richard Whitcombe / Shutterstock; madenglishman / Shutterstock; reativeZone / Shutterstock; Jesperson Productions / Shutterstock; videokuma / Shutterstock

Animations by: Dave Stone

Audio by: Andy Turvey

Voiceover by: Nicola Miles-Wildin

Images: t_kimura / iStockphoto; andrewroland / Fotolia; knee0 / Fotolia; david hughes / Fotolia; Dave Massey / Fotolia; Swan Liu / Fotolia; Oksana L / Fotolia; goodween123 / Fotolia; photology1971 / Fotolia; Aleksandr Bryliaev / Fotolia; Dusan Kostic / Fotolia

Illustrations: plumber / iStockphoto

 

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

 

Satellite image of snow cover over the UK (26 January2013), copyright © Met Office, licensed under the Open Government Licence v1.0

 

Snow depths (cm) 20 January 2013, copyright © Met Office, licensed under the Open Government Licence v1.0

 

Surface pressure chart for the UK (20 July 2013 1200hrs), copyright © Met Office, licensed under the Open Government Licence v1.0

 

Mean (average) temperatures recorded in the UK (June-August 2013), copyright © Met Office, licensed under the Open Government Licence v1.0

 

False colour image showing historic flooding of the Mississippi River in Cairo, Illinois, USA, copyright © DigitalGlobe

 

False coloured image showing irrigated areas in the Ferghana Valley, Uzbekistan, copyright © BlackBridge

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Key Geography: Connections

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: hadynyah/iStockphoto; JordiRamisa/iStockphoto; NNehring/iStockphoto

Interactive activities:

ActionAid

Non-interactive resouces:

PP1.2, S2: Margaret Jones/Alamy; PP1.2, S3: AfriPics.com/Alamy; PP1.2, S4: DigitalVues/Alamy; PP1.2, S5: geogphotos/Alamy; PP1.2, S6: Tommy Trenchard/Alamy; PP1.2, S7: Alexey Lebedev/Shutterstock; PP1.4, S2: yorkshire landscapes/paul ridsdale/Alamy; PP1.4, S3: Y.Levy/Alamy; PP1.4, S5: David Bagnall/Alamy; PP1.4, S6: nobleIMAGES/Alamy; PP1.4, S7: FLPA/Alamy; PP1.7, S3: & CW1.7, p1: Loop Images Ltd/Alamy; PP1.7, S6: A.P.S. (UK)/Alamy; PP1.10, S3: Nickolay Stanev/Shutterstock; PP1.10, S4: vichie81/Shutterstock; PP1.10, S5: S J Francis/Shutterstock; PP1.10, S6: Natapong Ratanavi/Shutterstock; PP2.2, S2:Hemis/Alamy; PP2.2, S3: Przemyslaw Wasilewski/Shutterstock; PP2.2, S4: Vasily Smirnov/Shutterstock; PP2.2, S4: david pearson/Alamy; PP2.2, S5: michaeljung/Shutterstock; PP2.2, S6: Alexander Raths/Shutterstock; PP2.3, S2: David Noton Photography/Alamy; PP2.3, S3: Stephen Dorey Creative/Alamy; PP2.3, S4: Derek Stone/Alamy; PP2.3, S4: Adrian Muttitt/Alamy; PP2.3, S5: Realimage/Alamy; PP2.3, S6: FLPA/Alamy; EPP2.2, p3: Julian Eales/Alamy; PP2.5, S2: A.P.S. (UK)/Alamy; PP2.5, S3 :Bart Nedobre/Alamy; PP2.5, S4: Peter Jordan_NE/Alamy; PP2.5, S5: All Canada Photos/Alamy; PP2.5, S6: A.P.S. (UK)/Alamy; PP2.8, S2: Nelu Goia/Shutterstock; PP2.8, S3: nito/Shutterstock; PP2.8, S4: Peter Phipp/Travelshots.com/Alamy; PP2.8, S5: Anna Omelchenko/Shutterstock; PP2.8, S6: Pacific Northwest Photo/Shutterstock; PP2.8, S7: Martin Shields/Alamy; CS2.1, p2:: geo/Alamy; PP3.3, S2: Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S3: Daniel Prudek/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S4: N. F. Photography/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S5: Wallace Weeks/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S6: Borodaev/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S7: Songquan Deng/Shutterstock; PP3.6, S2: Archive Pics/Alamy; PP3.6, S3: Sadik Gulec/Shutterstock; PP3.6, S4: Robert Fried/Alamy; PP3.6, S5: Megapress/Alamy; PP3.6, S6: aerialarchives.com/Alamy; PP3.6, S7: Teddy/Alamy; CS3.1, p2: ©picture-alliance/Milestone Media; PP4.2, S2: Sergey Krasnoshchokov/Shutterstock; PP4.2, S3: Serg Zastavkin/Shutterstock; PP4.2, S4: Vacclav/Shutterstock; PP4.2, S5: david tipling/Alamy; PP4.2, S6: jaume/Shutterstock; PP4.2, S7: Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; PP4.3, S2: zhu difeng/Shutterstock; PP4.3, S3: Hung Chung Chih/Shutterstock; PP4.3, S4: Sophie James/Shutterstock; PP4.3, S5: Lizette Potgieter/Shutterstock; PP4.3, S6: Sheikh Rajibul Islam/Alamy; PP4.4, S2: david pearson/Alamy; PP4.4, S3: Hemis/Alamy; PP4.4, S4: Sergey Nepsha/Alamy; PP4.4, S5: Richard Splash/Alamy; PP4.4, S6: dbimages/Alamy; PP4.7, S2: Tibor Bognar/Alamy; PP4.7, S3: Stock Connection Blue/Alamy; PP4.7, S4: Jan S./Shutterstock; PP4.7, S5: Malgorzata Kistryn/Shutterstock; PP4.7, S6: david pearson/Alamy; CS4.1, p1: galit seligmann/Alamy; CS4.1, p2: ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; PP5.1, S2: Horizons WWP/Alamy; PP5.1, S3: Peter Bowater/Alamy; PP5.1, S4: Joerg Boethling/Alamy; PP5.1, S5: Mike Goldwater/Alamy; PP5.1, S6: Wayne HUTCHINSON/Alamy; PP5.2, S2: vladimir salman/Shutterstock; PP5.2, S3: david pearson/Alamy; PP5.2, S4: imageBROKER/Alamy; PP5.2, S5: Jim West/Alamy; PP5.2, S6: Photoshot Holdings Ltd/Alamy; PP5.4, S2: DJ Mattaar/Shutterstock; PP5.4, S3: abutyrin/Shutterstock; PP5.4, S4: hornyak/Shutterstock; PP5.4, S5: Jesus Keller/Sutterstock; PP5.4, S6: Uwe Landgraf/Shutterstock; PP5.4, S7: Viappy/Shutterstock

All other photos by Oxford University Press, Simon Ross and John Smith.

Illustrations: Greengate Publishing Services; TAG Publishing Services; Kathy Baxendale; Nick Hawken; Angela Knowles, Gordon Lawson; Richard Morris; David Russell Illustration; Tim Smith; John Yorke

Videos: Neil Oseman

Audio: Andy Turvey

Voiceover: Jordan Wintle

Stock videos: benjikat/Shutterstock; Paul Russell/Shutterstock; Andrew Wilks/Shutterstock; Rgtimeline/Shutterstock; Gerard Koudenburg/Shutterstock; OverheadProductions/Shutterstock; Vintage 8mm/Shutterstock; ReeldealHD/Shutterstock; AppleTreeFilm/Shutterstock; Stef Hoffer/Shutterstock; peter adams/Shutterstock; Gavin Hellier/Shutterstock; Amos Rafaeli/Shutterstock; Nata Lunina/Shutterstock; kagemusha/Shutterstock; Dr. Morley Read/Shutterstock

Animations: Dave Stone

Audio: Andy Turvey

Voiceover: Nicola Miles-Wildin

Images and illustrations: FrankRamspott/iStockphoto; SkyworksFootage/iStockphoto; peresanz/Fotolia; INFINITY/Fotolia; dickidub/Fotolia; Rob Ford/Fotolia; AlasdairJames/iStockphoto; raclro/iStockphoto; INFINITY/Fotolia; richsouthwales/Fotolia; Brynteg/Fotolia; Brad Pict/Fotolia; Ljupco Smokovski/Fotolia; iPortret/Fotolia; Mirma/Fotolia; Paul Hakimata/Fotolia; duncan1890/iStockPhoto; traveler1116/iStockPhoto; duncan1890/iStockPhoto;  -art-siberia-/iStockPhoto; Ivan Kruk/Fotolia; Alexey Klyukin; duncan1890/iStockPhoto; HultonArchive/iStockPhoto; oliophotography/Fotolia; Syda Production/Fotolia; shapecharge/Fotolia; Luis Louro/Fotolia; detailblick/Fotolia; mozZz/Fotolia; carbouval/iStockPhoto; johnwoodcock/iStockPhoto; UteHil/iStockPhoto; © Poligor/iStockphoto

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Key Geography: Interactions

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: ftfoxfoto/fotolia; Visionsi/fotolia; Rainer Albiez/Shutterstock

Interactive activities:

ActionAid

Non-interactive resources:

CS2.1, P2: RGB Ventures/Alamy; CS3.1, P1: dave stamboulis/Alamy; CS3.1, P2: Cary Ulrich Photography/Alamy; CS5.1, P1: Neil Cooper/Alamy; CW3.10, P2: Eye Ubiquitous/Alamy; CW3.6, P1: David Bagnall/Alamy; CW4.5, P2: Justin Kase zfivez/Alamy; EPP1.3, S2: MShieldsPhotos/Alamy; EPP1.3, S3: Jacques Jangoux/Alamy; EPP1.3, S4: guentermanaus/Shutterstock; EPP1.3, S6: Genevieve Vallee/Alamy; EPP2.1, S2: David Wall/Alamy; EPP2.1, S3: Mark Longley/Alamy; EPP2.1, S4: darrenp/Shutterstock; EPP2.1, S5: NigelSpiers/Shutterstock; EPP2.1, S6: Diarmuid Toman/Alamy; EPP2.1, S7: Ben Lewis/Alamy; PP1.11, S4: Galyna Andrushko/Shutterstock; PP1.11, S5: ausnewsde/Shutterstock; PP1.11, S6: Vladimir Melnik/Shutterstock; PP1.11, S6: Vladimir Melnik/Shutterstock; PP1.11, S7: Zhiltsov Alexandr/Shutterstock; PP1.11, S7: Erni/Shutterstock ; PP1.7, S4: Jon Arnold Images Ltd/Alamy; PP1.7, S5: LOOK Die Bildagentur der Fotografen GmbH/Alamy; PP1.7, S6: Deyan Georgiev Authentic collection/Alamy; PP1.7, S7: nevenm/Alamy; PP1.7, S7: PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy; PP1.9, S4: Ev Thomas/Shutterstock; PP1.9, S4: FCG/Shutterstock; PP1.9, S5: cecoffman/Shutterstock; PP1.9, S6: Gillian Holliday/Shutterstock; PP1.9, S7: hagit berkovich/Shutterstock; PP2.5, S2: Ammit Jack/Shutterstock; PP2.5, S3: Naturfoto-Online/Alamy; PP2.5, S4: J. Helgason/Shutterstock; PP2.5, S5: Westend61 GmbH/Alamy; PP2.5, S6: Stocktrek Images, Inc./Alamy; PP2.5, S7: Stocktrek Images, Inc./Alamy; PP2.6, S2: fotostory/Shutterstock; PP2.6, S2: Prometheus72/Shutterstock; PP2.6, S3: Pacific Press Service/Alamy; PP2.6, S4: Sadik Gulec/Shutterstock; PP2.6, S5: WENN UK/Alamy; PP2.6, S6: Hideo Kurihara/Alamy; PP2.6, S7: epa european pressphoto agency b.v./Alamy; PP2.8, S2: CulturalEyes-AusSoc/Alamy; PP2.8, S3: epa european pressphoto agency b.v./Alamy; PP2.8, S4: G P Bowater/Alamy; PP2.8, S5: imageBROKER/Alamy; PP2.8, S6: Dinodia Photos/Alamy; PP2.8, S7: epa european pressphoto agency b.v./Alamy; PP3.10, S2: incamerastock/Alamy; PP3.10, S3: geogphotos/Alamy; PP3.10, S4: Martin Harvey/Alamy; PP3.10, S5: Neil Cooper/Alamy; PP3.10, S6: Neil Cooper/Alamy; PP3.10, S7: Neil Cooper/Alamy; PP3.11, S2: Photoshot Holdings Ltd/Alamy; PP3.11, S3: Photoshot Holdings Ltd/Alamy; PP3.11, S4: imageBROKER/Alamy; PP3.11, S5: imageBROKER/Alamy; PP3.11, S6: YAY Media AS/Alamy; PP3.11, S7: Worldwide Picture Library/Alamy; PP3.3, S2: stocksolutions/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S3: ian woolcock/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S4: Erni/Shutterstock; PP3.3, S5: dbphots/Alamy; PP3.3, S6: scenicireland.com/Christopher Hill Photographic/Alamy; PP3.3, S7: John Peter Photography/Alamy; PP3.5, S2: eye35.pix/Alamy; PP3.5, S3: Robert Brook/Alamy; PP3.5, S4: Thomas R. Fletcher/Alamy; PP3.5, S5: Wayne HUTCHINSON/Alamy; PP3.5, S6: Robert Brook/Alamy; PP3.8, S2: Realimage/Alamy; PP3.8, S3: ScotStock/Alamy; PP3.8, S4: Warren Kovach/Alamy; PP3.8, S5: Rachel Husband/Alamy; PP3.8, S6: Jack Sullivan/Alamy; PP3.8, S7: Caro/Alamy; PP4.2, S2: Purestock/Alamy; PP4.2, S3: Michael Freeman/Alamy; PP4.2, S4: Jon Arnold Images Ltd/Alamy; PP4.2, S5: Yan Liao/Alamy; PP4.2, S6: TAO Images Limited/Alamy; PP4.2, S7: dbimages/Alamy; PP4.4, S2: Ian Walker/Alamy; PP4.4, S3: SuperStock/Alamy; PP4.4, S4: John Henshall/Alamy; P4.4, S5: Hemis/Alamy; PP4.4, S6: charistoone-travel/Alamy; PP4.4, S7: eye35.pix/Alamy; PP4.7, S3: mediacolor's/Alamy; PP4.7, S4: Prisma Bildagentur AG/Alamy; PP4.7, S5: Prisma Bildagentur AG/Alamy; PP4.7, S6; Prisma Bildagentur AG/Alamy; PP4.7, S7: SCPhotos/Alamy; PP4.7, S7: SCPhotos/Alamy; PP5.5, S2: zakir hossain chowdhury zakir/Alamy; PP5.5, S3: Karin Duthie/Alamy; PP5.5, S4: Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; PP5.5, S5: Olivier Asselin/Alamy; PP5.5, S5: Olivier Asselin/Alamy; PP5.5, S5: Olivier Asselin/Alamy; PP5.5, S6: Joerg Boethling/Alamy; PP5.7, S2: US Navy Photo/Alamy; PP5.7, S3: Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; PP5.7, S4: imageBROKER/Alamy; PP5.7, S5: Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; P5.7, S6: Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; PP5.7, S7: Julian Nieman/Alamy

All other photos by Oxford University Press, Simon Ross and John Smith.

Illustrations: Greengate Publishing Services; TAG Publishing Services; Kathy Baxendale; Nick Hawken; Angela Knowles, Gordon Lawson; Richard Morris; David Russell

Illustration; Tim Smith; John Yorke

Videos: Neil Oseman

Audio: Andy Turvey

Voiceover: Jordan Wintle

Stock videos: Stephen Wollwerth/Shutterstock; tbmpvideo/Shutterstock; ChrisW/Shutterstock; Dr. Morley Read/Shutterstock; Fotosearch Footage/Shutterstock; Ryan M. Bolton/Shutterstock; sydeen/Shutterstock; Practical Action

Animations: Dave Stone

Audio: Andy Turvey

Voiceover: Nicola Miles-Wildin

Images and illustrations: kaceyb/iStockPhoto; Mike Doukas; chrupka/Fotolia; Gerakl/iStockPhoto; johnwoodcock/iStockPhoto; ian woolcock/Fotolia; Steve Mann/Fotolia; frenta/Fotolia; Regormark/Fotolia; CLIPAREA/Fotolia; Artco/Fotolia; Adam Sheik/Fotolia

We are grateful for permission to include the following material:

Videos of aid projects provided with kind permission from Practical Action www.practicalaction.org/

Images provided with kind permission from the Eden Project www.edenproject.com

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

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History

KS3 History 3rd Edition by Aaron Wilkes: Invasion, Plague and Murder

View acknowledgements

Illustrations by: Moreno Chiacchiera, Jamil Dar, Rudolf Farkas, Tony Randell, Martin Sanders and Clive Wakfer

Cover illustration by Matthew Hollings

The publishers would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

History skills activities, revision quizzes and auto-marked tests: Ashmolean Museum; Popperfoto/Getty Images; Michael Holford; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; AA World Travel Library/TopFoto; TopFoto/Woodmansterne; Getty Images; Eurasia Press/Photononstop/Corbis; The Bridgeman Art Library; With special authorisation of the city of Bayeux / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library; Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock; Tiziana and Gianni Baldizzone/CORBIS; Bettman/Corbis; Archives de l'Assistance Publique; AFP/Getty Images; Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Bibliotheque de L'Arsenal, Paris, France / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library; British Library; Fotolia/Richard McGuirk; Bodleian Library, Oxford; Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France  / The Bridgeman Art Library; British Library; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; Universal Images Group/Getty Images; British Library; Royal Collection Enterprises Limited; British Library; The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans / Museum of the City of New York; Nik Wheeler/Corbis; The Bridgeman Art Library; Michael Holford; British Museum; TopFoto:Woodmansterne; Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library; Michael Holford; Ashmolean Museum; Spanish School/Getty Images; Michael Holford; SoRad/Shutterstock; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; dedMazay/Shutterstcok; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; The National Archives; Archives de l'Assistance Publique; Ronald Sheridan/Anicent Art and Architecture Collection; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library; iStockphoto; David G Britton/FreeFoto; Michael Owen/iStockphoto; Matthew Cole/Shutterstock; Mary Evans Picture Library

Worksheets: Ashmolean Museum; Spanish School/Getty Images; Michael Holford; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; Michael Holford; akva/Shutterstock; Mikhail Markovskiy/Shutterstock; kavram/Shutterstock; Ronald Sheridan/Anicent Art and Architecture Collection; Dan Ionut Popescu/Shutterstock; Theo Malings/Shutterstock; David C Tomlinson/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; Royal Collection Enterprises Limited; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library

Lesson Presentation and Plans: Julei Woodhouse/Photolibrary; Ashmolean Museum; Spanish School/Getty Images; Bridgeman Art Library; Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.; British Museum; Michael Holford; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; Chetham's Library, Manchester, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock;  The National Archives; British Library; AA World Travel Library/TopFoto; TopFoto/Woodmansterne; Eurasia Press/Photononstop/Corbis; Heritage Images/Corbis; Michael Holford; Adam Woolfitt/Corbis; Bettman/Corbis; Artyzan/Shutterstock; Mikhail Markovskiy/Shutterstock; Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France / The Bridgeman Art Library; Heritage Images/Lulu.com; Ronald Sheridan/Anicent Art and Architecture Collection; Clive Streeter/Dorling Kindersley; Bridgeman Art Library; David C Tomlinson/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library; Fotolia/Richard McGuirk; Mary Evans Picture Library; Fortean Picture Library; Bodleian Library, Oxford; Bridgeman Art Library; British Library; London Aerial Photo Library, Ian/London Aerial Photo Library/Corbis; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; Cranach/Shutterstock; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library Board / The Bridgeman Art Library; Royal Collection Enterprises Limited; Mary Evans Picture Library; Alan Gallery; British Library/Robana; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library; Bettman/Corbis; British Library; David G Britton/FreeFoto; Mary Evans / Museum of the City of New York; Mary Evans Picture Library/DOUGLAS MCCARTHY; Corbis/Sygma; Mary Evans Picture Library/DOUGLAS MCCARTHY; Derek Croucher; Mary Evans Picture Library; Nik Wheeler/Corbis; Society of Antiquaries of London, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Dan Kitwood/Getty Images; Private Collection / The Stapleton Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; Royal Holloway, University of London/The Bridgeman Art Library; Private collection, Ken Welsh/Bridgeman; National Portrait Gallery, London; Mary Evans Picture Library

Source banks: Michael Holford; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; Chetham's Library, Manchester, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock; The National Archives; British Library; AA World Travel Library/TopFoto; TopFoto/Woodmansterne; Eurasia Press/Photononstop/Corbis; Heritage Images/Corbis; Michael Holford; Adam Woolfitt/Corbis; Archives de l'Assistance Publique; iStockphoto; Mikhail Markovskiy/Shutterstock; akva/Shutterstock; Heritage Images/Lulu.com; Ronald Sheridan/Anicent Art and Architecture Collection; Clive Streeter/Dorling Kindersley; Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; David C Tomlinson/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library; Fotolia/Richard McGuirk; Mary Evans Picture Library; Fortean Picture Library; Bodleian Library, Oxford; Bridgeman Art Library; Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France  / The Bridgeman Art Library; British Library; London Aerial Photo Library, Ian/London Aerial Photo Library/Corbis; Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd; Universal Images Group/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; The Bridgeman Art Library; Royal Collection Enterprises Limited; Alan Gallery; British Library/Robana; The British Library Board; AKG Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; British Library; Bettman/Corbis; British Library; Mary Evans / Museum of the City of New York; iStockphoto; David G Britton/FreeFoto; Michael Owen/iStockphoto; Mary Evans Picture Library/DOUGLAS MCCARTHY; Corbis/Sygma; Derek Croucher; Mary Evans Picture Library; Nik Wheeler/Corbis; Society of Antiquaries of London, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Private Collection / The Stapleton Collection / The Bridgeman Art; FA/Getty Images; Dan Kitwood/Getty Images; Royal Holloway, University of London/The Bridgeman Art Library; Private collection, Ken Welsh/Bridgeman; National Portrait Gallery, London; Mary Evans Picture Library

Film clips: Memo Angeles/Shutterstock; SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; udokant/iStock; Archivo Iconografico, S.A/Corbis

All audio is from Pond5.com

The publishers would like to thank the following people for offering their contribution in the development of this Kerboodle: Lessons, Resources and Assessment:

Authors

Aaron Wilkes

Katrina Shearman

Ellen Longley

Jerome Freeman, Educational Consultant, for assessment consultancy

Kevin Hicks, History Squad, for film writing and performance

English Heritage, for the use of their historic locations

Oxford Digital Media, for creating mini-movies

We are grateful for permission to reprint extracts from the following copyright texts.

David Cameron: tweet @ David_Cameron, 30 Jan 2015, https://twitter.com/search?l=&q="today we remember our greatest ever prime minister"&src=typd, reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London, on behalf of David Cameron’s office.

John Child, Paul Shuter & David Taylor: Understanding History 1 (Heinemann, 1991), reproduced by permission of Pearson Education Ltd.

Winston Churchill: Speech Broadcast to the Nation ‘Every man to his post’, 11 Sept 1940, copyright © The Estate of Winston S Churchill, reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London on behalf of the Estate of Winston S Churchill.

Robert Hutchinson: ‘The Spanish Armada: England’s Lucky Escape’, BBC History Magazine, April 2013, copyright © BBC History/Immediate Media 2013, reproduced by permission of Immediate Media Company London Ltd.

Boris Johnson: ‘Churchill embodied Britain’s greatness’, The Telegraph, 23 Jan 2015, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2015, reproduced by permission of TMG Ltd.

Annette Mackin: ‘Was Churchill a Racist? Oh Yes!’, Socialist Worker, issue 2438, 27 Jan 2015, https://socialistworker.co.uk/art/39806/Was+Churchill+a+racist+Oh+yes!, copyright © Socialist Worker, reproduced by permission.

Ishaan Tharoor: ‘The dark side of Winston Churchill’s legacy no one should forget’, The Washington Post, 3 Feb 2015, copyright © 2015 The Washington Post, reproduced by permission via PARS International Corp, and protected by the copyright laws of the United States. All rights reserved. The printing, copying, redistribution, or retransmission of this content without express written permission is prohibited.

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

KS3 History 3rd Edition by Aaron Wilkes: Renaissance, Revolution and Reformation

View acknowledgements

Illustrations by: Moreno Chiacchiera, Jamil Dar, Rudolf Farkas, Tony Randell, Martin Sanders, Clive Wakfer and Gareth Clarke

Cover illustration by Matthew Hollings

The publishers would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

History skills activities, revision quizzes and auto-marked tests:
© British Library Board. All Rights Reserved (H/10ff.3v); Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Musee de Louvre; Bridgeman Art Library/Trustees of the Bedford Estate, Woburn Abbey; Bettman/Corbis; Frank Bach/Shutterstock; Burghley House Collection, Lincolnshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Fotomas Index; Christie's Images / The Bridgeman Art Library; Burghley House Collection, Lincolnshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Brooklyn Museum/Corbis; Corbis/Martin Jones; INTERFOTO / Sammlung Rauch / Mary Evans; Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Ken Welsh / The Bridgeman Art Library; Houses of Parliament, Westminster, London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Heritage Images/Corbis; GL Archive / Alamy; Mary Evans Picture Library; Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Michael Nicholson/Corbis; National Portrait Gallery; Museum of London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; National Archives; National Trust Photo Library/John Miller; Nixx Photography/Shutterstock; REX/Universal History Archive / Universal Images Group; National Trust Photo Library/ Derek Croucher; Sue Sharp

spline_x/Shutterstock; Scottish Viewpoint Picture Library; The Art Archive/Alamy; The Bridgeman Art Library; The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy; The Royal Collection © 2008 HM Queen Elizabeth II; The Print Collector/Corbis; The Granger Collection / TopFoto; The Royal Collection Picture Library; Topham / Fotomas; Topfoto/Corporation of London/HIP; Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Wellcome Library, London; World History Archive/TopFoto

 

Worksheets:
Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; National Portrait Gallery; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; The Print Collector / Alamy; The Stapleton Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Burghley House Collection, Lincolnshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Ken Welsh / The Bridgeman Art Library; Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Topham / Fotomas; Museum of English Rural Life; Private Collection, Ken Welsh/Bridgeman Art Library

 

Lesson Presentation and Plans:
Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna; The Bridgeman Art Library; Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Steven Vidler/Corbis; The Royal Collection © 2008 HM Queen Elizabeth II; The Stapleton Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Trustees of the Bedford Estate, Woburn Abbey; REX/Universal History Archive / Universal Images Group; The Print Collector / Alamy; The Granger Collection/TopFoto; British Library, Shelfmark/Man; The Art Gallery Collection / Alamy; INTERFOTO / Sammlung Rauch / Mary Evans; GL Archive / Alamy; National Trust Photo Library/John Miller; Scottish Viewpoint Picture Library; National Trust Photo Library/ Derek Croucher; National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London; Woodcut Giving Alms to a Beggar, 1569 (Wikimedia Commons); Fotomas / TopFoto; The Art Archive / Alamy; National Portrait Gallery, London; Peter Phipp/Getty Images; TopFoto / Fotomas; Image Asset Management Ltd. / Alamy; S Maloney (Wikipedia); Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Burghley House Collection, Lincolnshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Ken Welsh / The Bridgeman Art Library; Worthing Museum and Art Gallery, Sussex, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Topfoto/Fotomas; Wellcome Library, London; The Granger Collection / TopFoto; Topham / Fotomas; Private Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Houses of Parliament, Westminster, London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy; British Library Board/ The Bridgeman Art Library; Heritage Images/Corbis; Brooklyn Museum/Corbis; Corbis/Martin Jones; Cromwell Head burial plaque (Wikipedia); National Archives; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Museum of London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Topfoto/Corporation of London/HIP; Michael Nicholson/Corbis; Nick Turner / Alamy; Museum of Rural Life; TopFoto/Fortean; Christie's Images / The Bridgeman Art Library; Timothy Millett Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; The Print Collector/Corbis; Getty Images; The Royal Collection Picture Library; World History Archive/TopFoto; Bettman/Corbis; Mary Evans/Iberfoto

 

Source banks:
Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Stock Shots / Alamy; Bridgeman Art Library/Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna; Bridgeman Art Library/Musee de Louvre; The Royal Collection/ 2008 HM Queen Elizabeth II; Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Steven Vidler/Corbis; Jeanne Mcright/Dreamstime.com; The Royal Collection © 2008 HM Queen Elizabeth II; Bridgeman Art Library/Trustees of the Bedford Estate, Woburn Abbey; REX/Universal History Archive / Universal Images Group; The Print Collector / Alamy; The Granger Collection/TopFoto; British Library, Shelfmark/Man; The Art Gallery Collection / Alamy; INTERFOTO / Sammlung Rauch / Mary Evans; National Trust Photo Library/John Miller; Scottish Viewpoint Picture Library; John Keates / Alamy; National Trust Photo Library/ Derek Croucher; British Library Board;  Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany / Bildarchiv Foto Marburg / The Bridgeman Art Library; National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London; Fotomas / TopFoto; Woodcut Giving Alms to a Beggar, 1569 (Wikimedia); The Art Archive / Alamy; Peter Phipp/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library / Alamy; www.heritage-history.com; UIG via Getty Images; Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Burghley House Collection, Lincolnshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Ken Welsh / The Bridgeman Art Library; Topfoto/Fotomas; The Granger Collection / TopFoto; Private Collection  / The Bridgeman Art Library; The Art Archive/Alamy; Houses of Parliament, Westminster, London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy; Heritage Images/Corbis; Brooklyn Museum/Corbis; Corbis/Martin Jones; Wallace Collection, London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; National Archives; Cromwell Head burial plaque (Wikipedia); Museum of London, UK  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Image Asset Management Ltd. / Alamy; Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary  / The Bridgeman Art Library; Topfoto/Corporation of London/HIP; Michael Nicholson/Corbis; Nick Turner / Alamy; Rod McLean / Alamy; Museum of English Rural Life; TopFoto/Fortean; Christie's Images / The Bridgeman Art Library; The Print Collector/Corbis; Look and Learn / Peter Jackson Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; Getty Images; Royal Collection; The Royal Collection Picture Library; World History Archive/TopFoto; Sue Sharp; Mary Evans/Iberfoto; British Library Board/ The Bridgeman Art Library; GL Archive / Alamy; Mary Evans Picture Library; National Portrait Gallery; The Bridgeman Art Library; The Stapleton Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library; TopFoto / Fotomas; Wellcome Library, London; Topham / Fotomas; Bettman/Corbis

Film clips:
Film: Disney Enterprises Inc.
Audio: toyinvention/Pond5.com
Photos: Slava Gerj/Shutterstock; Paola Canzonetta/Shutterstock; Klara Viskova/Shutterstock

The publishers would like to thank the following people for offering their contribution in the development of this Kerboodle: Lessons, Resources and Assessment:

Authors

Aaron Wilkes

Katrina Shearman

Ellen Longley

Jerome Freeman, Educational Consultant, for assessment consultancy

Kevin Hicks, History Squad, for film writing and performance

English Heritage, for the use of their historic locations

Oxford Digital Media, for creating mini-movies

From the author, Ellen Longley: With thanks and love to my fantastic husband and parents who support me without question in everything I do. I couldn't do it without you.

And my beautiful daughters, Jess and Beth, who make me proud every day.

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:

David Cameron: tweet @ David_Cameron, 30 Jan 2015, https://twitter.com/search?l=&q="today we remember our greatest ever prime minister"&src=typd, reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London, on behalf of David Cameron’s office.

Winston Churchill: Speech Broadcast to the Nation ‘Every man to his post’, 11 Sept 1940, copyright © The Estate of Winston S Churchill, reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London on behalf of the Estate of Winston S Churchill.

Richard Holmes on Great Britons: Oliver Cromwell, BBC, November 2002, used by permission of the BBC, and Sheil Land Associates Ltd on behalf of The Estate of Richard Holmes.

Robert Hutchinson: ‘The Spanish Armada: England’s Lucky Escape’, BBC History Magazine, April 2013, copyright © BBC History/Immediate Media 2013, reproduced by permission of Immediate Media Company London Ltd.

Boris Johnson: ‘Churchill embodied Britain’s greatness’, The Telegraph, 23 Jan 2015, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2015, reproduced by permission of TMG Ltd.

Annette Mackin: ‘Was Churchill a Racist? Oh Yes!’, Socialist Worker, issue 2438, 27 Jan 2015, https://socialistworker.co.uk/art/39806/Was+Churchill+a+racist+Oh+yes!, copyright © Socialist Worker, reproduced by permission.

James Mason: The Making of the United Kingdom: crowns, parliament and people: 1500-1750  (Longman, 1992), copyright © James Mason 1992, used by permission of the publishers, Pearson Education Ltd.

Ishaan Tharoor: ‘The dark side of Winston Churchill’s legacy no one should forget’, The Washington Post, 3 Feb 2015, copyright © 2015 The Washington Post, reproduced by permission via PARS International Corp, and protected by the copyright laws of the United States. All rights reserved. The printing, copying, redistribution, or retransmission of this content without express written permission is prohibited.

Extract from the lyrics of 'Young Ned of the Hill', lyrics by Ron Kavana and Terry Woods, copyright © Ron Kavana/Proper Music, copyright © Terry Woods/Wardlaw Music (PRS), recorded on the album Peace and Love (1989), used by permission of Wardlaw Music and Proper Music Publishing Ltd.

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

KS3 History 3rd Edition by Aaron Wilkes: Industry, Invention and Empire

View acknowledgements

We are grateful for permission to reprint extracts from the following copyright texts:

J F Aylett: In Search of History 1714-1900 (Hodder & Stoughton, 1985), copyright © J F Aylett 1985, and The Suffragettes and After (Hodder & Stoughton, 1987), copyright © J F Aylett 1987, reproduced by permission of Hodder Education.

David Cameron: tweet @ David_Cameron, 30 Jan 2015, https://twitter.com/search?l=&q="today we remember our greatest ever prime minister"&src=typd, reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London, on behalf of David Cameron’s office.

Winston Churchill: Speech Broadcast to the Nation ‘Every man to his post’, 11 Sept 1940, copyright © The Estate of Winston S Churchill, reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London on behalf of the Estate of Winston S Churchill.

Robert Hutchinson: ‘The Spanish Armada: England’s Lucky Escape’, BBC History Magazine, April 2013, copyright © BBC History/Immediate Media 2013, reproduced by permission of Immediate Media Company London Ltd.

Boris Johnson: ‘Churchill embodied Britain’s greatness’, The Telegraph, 23 Jan 2015, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2015, reproduced by permission of TMG Ltd.

Annette Mackin: ‘Was Churchill a Racist? Oh Yes!’, Socialist Worker, issue 2438, 27 Jan 2015, https://socialistworker.co.uk/art/39806/Was+Churchill+a+racist+Oh+yes!, copyright © Socialist Worker, reproduced by permission.

Wes Magee: ‘The Chimney Boy’s Story (His Spirit Speaks)’, copyright © Wes Magee 2000, from The Phantom’s Fang-Tastic Show (OUP, 2000), reproduced by permission of the author.

James Morris: Pax Brittanica (Faber, 1968), copyright © James Morris 1968, reproduced by permission of United Agents (www.unitedagents.co.uk), on behalf of the author.

Ishaan Tharoor: ‘The dark side of Winston Churchill’s legacy no one should forget’, The Washington Post, 3 Feb 2015, copyright © 2015 The Washington Post, reproduced by permission via PARS International Corp, and protected by the copyright laws of the United States. All rights reserved. The printing, copying, redistribution, or retransmission of this content without express written permission is prohibited.

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

The publishers would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

Interactives:

© Alpha and Omega Collection/Alamy; © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; © INTERFOTO/Alamy; © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; © North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; © Sean Sexton Collection/CORBIS; © Skyscan/Corbis; Art Directors & Trip Photo Library; © William Radcliffe/Science Faction/Corbis; Art Directors.co.uk/Ark Religion.com; Balefire/Shutterstock; Bettman/Corbis; Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library/British Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Courtesy of the Trustees of Sir John Soane's Museum, London; Bridgeman Art Library/Royal College of Surgeons, London, UK; Bridgeman Art Library/Wilberforce House, Hull City Museums and Art Galleries, UK; Christie's Images Limited; E. T. Swift/Oxford University Press; Execution of Louis XVI (1754-93) 21st January 1793 (coloured engraving), French School, (18th century)/Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; Getty Images/Mansell Collection/Time Life Pictures; Imagestate/HIP/The Print Collector; John Bull offering Little Boney fair play, published by Hannah Humphrey in 1803 (etching) by Gillray, James (1757-1815) © Courtesy of the Warden and Scholars of New College, Oxford/The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Sotheby's Picture Library; SSPL via Getty Images; The 7th Bengal Infantry on Parade, the Anglo-Indian Army of the 1880s (colour litho), Simkin, Richard (1840-1926) (after)/Private Collection/Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images; The Battle of Waterloo, 18th June 1815 (oil on canvas) by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904) Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Heart of the West Riding, 1916 by Priestman, Bertram (1868-1951) © Bradford Art Galleries and Museums, West Yorkshire, UK/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Turning Point at Waterloo (oil on canvas), by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904)

The Village Fair, after 1710 (oil on copper), Michau, Theobald (1676-1765)/Private Collection/Johnny Van Haeften Ltd., London/Bridgeman Images; The Wellcome Trust; Thomas Cook Archives; Timelife Pictures/Mansell/Getty Images; Wellcome Trust Medial Photograph Library; Western Reserve Historical Society Library, Cleveland, Ohio

Worksheets:

© North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; Anna Rassadnikova/Shutterstock; Ashwin82/iStock; Bettman/Corbis; Bridgeman Art Library/British Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Royal College of Surgeons, London, UK; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; Getty Images/Mansell Collection/Time Life Pictures; Imagestate/HIP/The Print Collector; Jayakumar/Shutterstock; Mary Evans Picture Library; phoelix/Shutterstock; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Sotheby's Picture Library; SSPL via Getty Images; The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Village Fair, after 1710 (oil on copper), Michau, Theobald (1676-1765)/Private Collection/Johnny Van Haeften Ltd., London/Bridgeman Images; Timelife Pictures/Mansell/Getty Images; Wellcome Trust Medial Photograph Library

Lesson Players:

© Alpha and Omega Collection/Alamy; © Bettmann/CORBIS; © FineArt/Alamy; © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; © INTERFOTO/Alamy; © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; © Michael Nicholson/Corbis; © North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; © Sean Sexton Collection/CORBIS; © Skyscan/Corbis; © STEPHEN HIRD/Reuters/Corbis; © Steven Vidler/Corbis; © William Radcliffe/Science Faction/Corbis; Art Directors & Trip Photo Library; Art Directors.co.uk/Ark Religion.com; Bettman/Corbis; Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library/British Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Courtesy of the Trustees of Sir John Soane's Museum, London; Bridgeman Art Library/Royal College of Surgeons, London, UK; Bridgeman Art Library/Wilberforce House, Hull City Museums and Art Galleries, UK; British Library/HIP/TopFoto; British Library/Robana via Getty Images; Cadbury UK; Christie's Images Limited; Corbis/Christopher Cormack; Corbis/Hulton Archive; E. T. Swift/Oxford University Press; Execution of Louis XVI (1754-93) 21st January 1793 (coloured engraving), French School, (18th century)/Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; Georgios Kollidas/Shutterstock; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; Getty Images/Mansell Collection/Time Life Pictures; Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, Lancashire, UK/The Bridgeman Art Library; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Imagestate/HIP/The Print Collector; Jayakumar/Shutterstock; John Bull offering Little Boney fair play, published by Hannah Humphrey in 1803 (etching) by Gillray, James (1757-1815) © Courtesy of the Warden and Scholars of New College, Oxford/The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Mary Evans Picture Library/DAVID LEWIS HODGSON; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Mary Evans/Everett Collection; Mirrorpix; Paris - Musee de l'Armee, Dist. RMN/© Pascal Segrette; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Portrait of George III (1738-1820) in his Coronation Robes, c.1760 (oil on canvas), Ramsay, Allan (1713-84) / Private Collection / Bridgeman Images; Punch Limited; Richard Redgrave, R.A., The Outcast, 1851, Oil on canvas, 78.4 x 107.1 cm, © Royal Academy of Arts, London, photographer: John Hammond

Royal Archives, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II; Science & Society Picture Library; Sotheby's Picture Library; SSPL via Getty Images; The 7th Bengal Infantry on Parade, the Anglo-Indian Army of the 1880s (colour litho), Simkin, Richard (1840-1926) (after)/Private Collection/Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images; The Battle of Waterloo, 18th June 1815 (oil on canvas) by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904) Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Duke of Wellington (after Lawrence and Evans), 1834 (w/c on paper) by Derby, William (1786-1847) ©Wallace Collection, London, UK/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Heart of the West Riding, 1916 by Priestman, Bertram (1868-1951) © Bradford Art Galleries and Museums, West Yorkshire, UK/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Mariner's Museum, Newport News, VA; The Turning Point at Waterloo (oil on canvas), by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904) ; The Village Fair, after 1710 (oil on copper), Michau, Theobald (1676-1765) / Private Collection / Johnny Van Haeften Ltd., London / Bridgeman Images; Thomas Cook Archives; Timelife Pictures/Mansell/Getty Images; Tupungato/Shutterstock; Wellcome Trust Medial Photograph Library; Western Reserve Historical Society Library, Cleveland, Ohio; With kind permission from Barnardo's

Source Banks:

© Alpha and Omega Collection/Alamy; © Bettmann/CORBIS; © DK Limited/CORBIS; © FineArt / Alamy; © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; © INTERFOTO/Alamy; © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; © Michael Nicholson/Corbis; © North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; © Sean Sexton Collection/CORBIS; © Skyscan/Corbis; © Stefano Bianchetti/Corbis; © STEPHEN HIRD/Reuters/Corbis; © Steven Vidler/Corbis; © The Print Collector/Alamy; © Underwood & Underwood/Corbis; © William Radcliffe/Science Faction/Corbis; Allan Staley/Alamy; Art Directors & Trip Photo Library; Art Directors.co.uk/Ark Religion.com; Ashwin82/iStock; Bettman/Corbis; Bridgeman Art Library; Bridgeman Art Library/British Library; Bridgeman Art Library/Courtesy of the Trustees of Sir John Soane's Museum, London; Bridgeman Art Library/Royal College of Surgeons, London, UK; Bridgeman Art Library/Wilberforce House, Hull City Museums and Art Galleries, UK; British Library/HIP/TopFoto; British Library/Robana via Getty Images; Cadbury UK; Casper1774 Studio/Shutterstock; Christie's Images Limited; Corbis/Christopher Cormack; Corbis/Hulton Archive; Corbis/John Harper; E. T. Swift/Oxford University Press; English Heritage Photo Library/The Bridgeman Art Library; Execution of Louis XVI (1754-93) 21st January 1793 (coloured engraving), French School, (18th century)/Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; Georgios Kollidas/Shutterstock; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; Getty Images/Mansell Collection/Time Life Pictures; Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, Lancashire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Helene Rogers/Art Directors and Trip Photo Library; holgs/iStock; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Imagestate/HIP/The Print Collector; Jayakumar/Shutterstock; John Bull offering Little Boney fair play, published by Hannah Humphrey in 1803 (etching) by Gillray, James (1757-1815) © Courtesy of the Warden and Scholars of New College, Oxford/The Bridgeman Art Library; Kiev.Victor/Shutterstock; Mary Evans Picture Library; Mary Evans Picture Library/DAVID LEWIS HODGSON; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Mary Evans/Epic/Tallandier; Mary Evans/Everett Collection; Mirrorpix; OUP; Paris - Musee de l'Armee, Dist. RMN/© Pascal Segrette; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Portrait of George III (1738-1820) in his Coronation Robes, c.1760 (oil on canvas), Ramsay, Allan (1713-84) / Private Collection / Bridgeman Images; Punch Limited; raimond/iStock; Richard Redgrave, R.A., The Outcast, 1851, Oil on canvas, 78.4 x 107.1 cm, ©Royal Academy of Arts, London, photographer: John Hammond; Royal Archives, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II; Science & Society Picture Library; Sotheby's Picture Library; SSPL via Getty Images; The 7th Bengal Infantry on Parade, the Anglo-Indian Army of the 1880s (colour litho), Simkin, Richard (1840-1926) (after)/Private Collection/Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images;  The Battle of Waterloo, 18th June 1815 (oil on canvas) by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904) Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Duke of Wellington (after Lawrence and Evans), 1834 (w/c on paper) by Derby, William (1786-1847) ©Wallace Collection, London, UK/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Heart of the West Riding, 1916 by Priestman, Bertram (1868-1951) © Bradford Art Galleries and Museums, West Yorkshire, UK/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; The Mariner's Museum, Newport News, VA; The Turning Point at Waterloo (oil on canvas), by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904)

The Village Fair, after 1710 (oil on copper), Michau, Theobald (1676-1765) / Private Collection / Johnny Van Haeften Ltd., London / Bridgeman Images; The Water that John Drinks, © Punch Limited; The Wellcome Trust; Thomas Cook Archives; Timelife Pictures/Mansell/Getty Images; Tupungato/Shutterstock; Wellcome Trust Medial Photograph Library; Western Reserve Historical Society Library, Cleveland, Ohio; With kind permission from Barnardo's

Revision Quizzes and Auto-Marked Tests:

© DK Limited/CORBIS; © Sean Sexton Collection/CORBIS; © Skyscan/Corbis; © Stefano Bianchetti/Corbis; © Steven Vidler/Corbis; © William Radcliffe/Science Faction/Corbis; Bettman/Corbis; British Library/Robana via Getty Images; Casper1774 Studio/Shutterstock; Christie's Images Limited; Corbis/John Harper;

English Heritage Photo Library/The Bridgeman Art Library; Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, Lancashire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library; Jayakumar/Shutterstock; John Bull offering Little Boney fair play, published by Hannah Humphrey in 1803 (etching) by Gillray, James (1757-1815) © Courtesy of the Warden and Scholars of New College, Oxford/The Bridgeman Art Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Mary Evans/Epic/Tallandier; Mary Evans/Everett Collection; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Punch Limited; Sotheby's Picture Library; The 7th Bengal Infantry on Parade, the Anglo-Indian Army of the 1880s (colour litho), Simkin, Richard (1840-1926) (after)/Private Collection/Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images; The Turning Point at Waterloo (oil on canvas), by Hillingford, Robert Alexander (1825-1904); With kind permission from Barnardo's.

All film stills by Simon Haynes.

KS3 History 4th Edition: Technology, War and Independence

View acknowledgements

The publisher would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

 

Phase 1

 

End of lesson assessments:

Liverpool Record Office; Science History Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett Collection Inc/Alamy StockPhoto; V&A Images/Alamy StockPhoto; Pictorial Press ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; London Metropolitan Archives, City of London/Catalogue No: SC/PHL/02/0423/3350C Collage no 204983; Topfoto; Underwood & Underwood/Getty Images; Hulton Deutsch Collection/Getty Images; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; The Royal Mint; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Aaron Wilkes; Eybl, Plakatmuseum Wien/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; Hi-Story/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; Military Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Akg-images/Alamy Stock Photo; Imperial War Museum; David Osborn/Alamy Stock Photo; History and Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Glasshouse Images/Alamy Stock Photo; De Luan/Alamy Stock Photo; Roger Bamber/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images; Leonard Raven Hill/Punch 10/12/1919/public domain; Topical Press Agency/Hulton/Getty Images; Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Hulton Archive/Getty Images; SSPL via Getty Images; Popperfoto/Getty Images; Hemis/Alamy Stock Photo; hawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; AKG Images; popperfoto/Getty Images; Courtesy of University of Wisconsin Digital Collections via Recollection Wisconsin/Public Domain; Topfoto/Punch; IPW/Getty Images; Trinity Mirror/Mirrorpix/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; John Frost Newspapers/Alamy Stock Photo; British Cartoon Archvie/SoloSyndication; LAPI/RogerViollet/Getty Images; Alamy Stock Photo;  David Osborn/Alamy Stock Photo; Fox photos/Hulton/Getty Images; DPA/PA Photos; Richard Seaman; incamerstock/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images; Hulton Archives/Getty Images; Mirrorpix/Alamy Stock Photo; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; dpa picture alliance/Alamy Stock Photo; Jenny Goodall/Solo syndication; Prisma by Dukas Presseagentur GmbH/Alamy Stock Photo; Andrew Michael/Alamy Stock Photo; heritage Images/Corbis -The National Archives; Fremantle/Alamy Stock Photo; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans Picture Library; Library of Congress; Shutterstock; CSU Archives/Everett; Keystone Press/Alamy Stock Photo; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Larry Burrows/Getty Images; PA Archive/PA Images; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Silvan Bachmann/Alamy Stock Photo; Paul Brown/Alamy Stock Photo; © Chappatte, NZZ am Sonntag, Switzerland/www.chappatte.com; EggImages/Alamy Stock Photo; Keystone/Getty Images; Allan Cash Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Contraband Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Jeffrey Blackler/Alamy Stock Photo; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Photo 12/Alamy Stock Photo; BRIAN HARRIS/Alamy Stock Photo; Louise Gubb/Contributor/Getty images; qaphotos.com/Alamy Stock Photo; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy Stock Photo; Spencer Platt/Staff/Getty Images; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; Ray Tang/Shutterstock;

 

Animations:

1.2A Tackling poverty and public health

London Stereoscopic Company/Getty images; Liverpool Record Office; V&A Images /Alamy StockPhoto; Pictorial Press ltd/ Alamy Stock Photo; London Metropolitan Archives, City of London/Catalogue No: SC/PHL/02/0423/3350C Collage no 204983

 

Audio: soundsvisual/Pond5; Soundrangers/Pond5; jfxsound/Pond5; ErronMader5/Pond5; Mitchellsb/Pond5

 

2.3B The First Word War: an overview

Mary Evans Picture Library; National Musuem of Health and Medicine/Science PhotoLibrary

 

Audio: lynnepublishing/Pond5; ProSoundEffects/Pond5; SFXsource_Sound_Effects/Pond5; Stockshooter/Pond5; ABAV/Pond5; Louise_Tremblay/Pond5;

 

3.4A The 'Hungry Thirties'

World History Archive/Alamy; SSPL via Getty Images; Morphart Creation/Shutterstock; Albaimages/Alamy Stock Photo; Artokoloro/Alamy Stock Photo; Black Country Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Trinity Mirror/Mirrorpix/Alamy Stock Photo

 

Audio: Marbury/Pond5; Marbury/Pond5; FxProSound/Pond5; ProSoundEffects/Pond5; Articulated_Sounds/Pond5;

 

4.6A/B Why was there another world war?

World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; CTK/Alamy Stock Photo; Courtesy of University of Wisconsin Digital Collections via Recollection Wisconsin/Public Domain; Everett Collection Historical/Alamy Stock Photo; Topfoto/Punch; Mary Evans Picture Library; Peter Etchells / Alamy Stock Photo

 

Audio: "lynnepublishing/Pond5; UnlimMedia/Pond5

 

5.1A The Second World War: an overview

IPW/Getty Images; Topfoto; DPA/PA Photos; Richard Seaman; Fox photos/Hulton/Getty Images; David Osborn/Alamy; Trinity Mirror/Mirrorpix/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett Historical/Shutterstock; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library

 

Audio: SoundIdeasCom/Pond5; ProSoundEffects/Pond5; PremiumSoundFX/Pond5; allisterbrimble/Pond5; OlivierGirardot/Pond5; sounddogs/Pond5; lynnepublishing/Pond5

 

5.8 Penicillin and the war

Nasky/Shutterstock; pupahava/Shutterstock; WhiteDragon/Shutterstock; Peter Hermes Furian/Shutterstock

 

Audio: soundsvisual/Pond5; SoundChaser/Pond5; NoisyDrone/Pond5; FxProSound/Pond5; SoundJay/Pond5; steter/Pond5; ProSoundEffects/Pond5

 

6.3C Cold War hotspots

Yuriy Boyko/Shutterstock; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Larry Burrows/Getty Images; Serhiy Smirnov/Shutterstock; nanmulti/Shutterstock; Hendry084/Shutterstock; sjgh/Shutterstock; Snipergraphics/Shutterstock; MicroOne/Shutterstock; lukmanhakim/Shutterstock; alexvu/Shutterstock; Martial Red/Shutterstock; Bettmann/Getty;

 

Audio: FascinatedSound/Pond5; clacksfx/Pond5; FxProSound/Pond5;

 

7.4 Why did people migrate to Britain after the war?

designtools/Shutterstock; T-Kot/Shutterstock; Hennadii H/Shutterstock; vsstock/Pond5; Macrovector/Pond5; StockSmartStart/Shutterstock; chrisdorney/Shutterstock; Contraband Collection/Alamy; London Metropolitan University Library Services and Special Collections; Marc Gascoigne/Alamy Stock Photo; JEP Live Music/Alamy Stock Photo; UPI/Alamy Stock Photo; Cal Sport Media/Alamy Live News; Jeffrey Blackler/Alamy Stock Photo

 

Audio: NoisyDrone/Pond5

 

8.1 Into the modern world

Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; ClassicStock/Alamy Stock Photo; Snipergraphics/Shutterstock; sjgh/Shutterstock; alexvu/Shutterstock; UltraViolet/Shutterstock; Photo 12/Alamy Stock Photo; labitase/Pond5; Flight Collection /Topfoto; Dawid K Photography/Shutterstock; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; BRIAN HARRIS/Alamy Stock Photo; Tim Graham/Alamy Stock Photo; AAW2009/Pond5; Roland Magnusson/Alamy Stock Photo; robtek/Shutterstock; Andre Csillag/REX/Shutterstock; PictureLux/The Hollywood Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; TatjanaRittner/Shutterstock; Martial Red/Shutterstock; qaphotos.com/Alamy Stock Photo; Photo Oz/Shutterstock; seeshooteatrepeat/Shutterstock; SasPartout/Shutterstock; Featureflash Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; premiumicon/Shutterstock; Titov Nikolai/Shutterstock; lukmanhakim/Shutterstock; David Paul Morris/Stringer; tentacula/Pond5; Getty Images; MediaWorldImages/Alamy Stock Photo; tanuha2001/Shutterstock; mast3r/Pond5; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy Stock Photo; pinturea/Pond5

 

Audio: catch22music/Pond5; DrTimWaters/Pond5; clacksfx/Pond5; GarySWolk/Pond5; ProSoundEffects/Pond5; AtmosSound/Pond5; AppSound/Pond5; JGaudio/Pond5; SmarTune/Pond5; AmplitudeAether/Pond5; agcnf_media/Pond5; Even_Noise/Pond5; wavebrigade/Pond5;

 

9.1B How had Britain changed between 1901 and the present day?

Audio: soundsvisual/Pond5; clacksfx/Pond5; SoundIdeasCom/Pond5; agcnf_media/Pond5; DoverhillMedia/Pond5; AtmosSound/Pond5; AppSound/Pond5

 

Worksheets:

Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; Hi-Story/Alamy Stock Photo; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Topical Press Agency/Hulton/Getty Images; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Nosyrevy/Shutterstock; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Courtesy of University of Wisconsin Digital Collections via Recollection Wisconsin/Public Domain; IPW/Getty Images; Keystone Press/Alamy Stock Photo; dpa picture alliance/Alamy Stock Photo; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; ClassicStock/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Photo 12/Alamy Stock Phot; Flight Collection /Topfoto; Andre Csillag/REX/Shutterstock; Roland Magnusson/Alamy Stock Photo; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; qaphotos.com/Alamy Stock Photo; Featureflash Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; robtek/Shutterstock; Photo Oz/Shutterstock; seeshooteatrepeat/Shutterstock; SasPartout/Shutterstock; NOKIA/Microsoft; Science & Society Picture Library; Louise Gubb/Contributor/Getty images; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy Stock Photo; David Paul Morris/Stringer/Getty Images; Purple Pilchards/Alamy Stock Photo; Shutterstock; sjgh/Shutterstock; Spencer Platt/Staff/Getty Images; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; Ray Tang/Shutterstock

 

Resource planners:

London Stereoscopic Company/Getty images; The Granger Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; V&A Images/Alamy StockPhoto; London Metropolitan Archives, City of London / Catalogue No: SC/PHL/02/0423/3350C Collage no 204983; Underwood & Underwood/Getty Images; The Royal Mint; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; David Osborn/Alamy Stock Photo; Maurice Savage/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Glasshouse Images/Alamy Stock Photo; Roger Bamber/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images; Leonard Raven Hill/Punch 10/12/1919/public domain; Topical Press Agency/Hulton/Getty Images; Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Getty Images; SSPL via Getty Images; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; hawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; AKG Images; Photo 12/Alamy Stock Photo; popperfoto/Getty Images; Courtesy of University of Wisconsin Digital Collections via Recollection Wisconsin/Public Domain; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; John Frost Newspapers/Alamy Stock Photo; LAPI/RogerViollet/Getty Images; Imperial War Museum; David Osborn/Alamy Stock Photo; incamerstock/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Archives/Getty Images; Shawshots/Alamy Stock Photo; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; incamerastock / Alamy Stock Photo; dpa picture alliance/Alamy Stock Photo; Prisma by Dukas Presseagentur GmbH/Alamy Stock Photo; Fremantle/Alamy Stock Photo; Punch Cartoon Library/Topfoto; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans Picture Library; Julia Sanders/Shutterstock; Keystone Press/Alamy Stock Photo; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Larry Burrows/Getty Images; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Paul Brown/Alamy Stock Photo; Trinity Mirror/Mirrorpix/Alamy Stock Photo; Keystone/Getty Images; London Metropolitan University Library Services and Special Collections; Contraband Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Marc Gascoigne/Alamy Stock Photo; ClassicStock/Alamy Stock Photo; Photo 12/Alamy Stock Photo; Flight Collection/Topfoto; Andre Csillag/REX/Shutterstock; Featureflash Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; David Paul Morris/Stringer; MediaWorldImages/Alamy Stock Photo; Spencer Platt/Getty Images; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images;

 

Illustrations by: Moreno Chiacchiera via Beehive Illustrations, Rudolf Farkas via Beehive Illustrations, Martin Sanders via Beehive Illustrations, QBS Learning

 

The publishers would like to thank the following people for offering their contribution in the development of this Kerboodle: Lessons, Resources and Assessment:

 

Laura Killeen

 

Ellen Longley

 

Lindsay Bruce

 

Aaron Wilkes

 

Alternative View Studios, for creating the animations

 

Kevin Hicks, History Squad, for filming and performance

 

English Heritage, for the use of their historic locations

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

 

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Oxford AQA GCSE History Kerboodle: Exam Practice and Revision

View acknowledgements

ANIMATIONS:

Created by Alternative View Studios; voiceover by Nicky Lloyd-Williams; Artwork by Aptara.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:
Bridgeman Art Library; Chris Andrews; Chris Andrews Publications/Corbis; Royal Astronomical Society/Science Photo Library; Chetham's Library, Manchester, UK/Bridgeman Images; Commission Air/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Angelo Hornak/Alamy Stock Photo; The Granger Collection/Topfoto; Neil Mcallister/Getty Images; Shutterstock; Fotolibra/Jackie Fox; The Fleming-Wyfold Art Foundation/Bridgeman Images; Elizabeth Hardwick (Bess of Hardwick), Countess of Shrewsbury (1520-1608), English School, (16th century) / Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, UK / National Trust Photographic Library / Bridgeman Images; Print Collector/Getty Images

FILMS:

Created by Oxford Digital Media.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

WORKSHEETS:

Fotolibra/Jackie Fox; Punch; The Fleming-Wyfold Art Foundation/Bridgeman Images; The British Library Board; Ann Ronan Pictures/Getty Images; British Cartoon Archive/Express Newspapers; Bloomsbury Auctions.

PRACTICE QUESTION PAPERS:

Kevin O´Hara/Agefotostock; Christopher Weyant/The Hiill; Punch Ltd; Museum of London; duncan1890/iStockphoto; Public Domain; P Hardy/Mary Evans Picture Library; Corbis; Library of Congress/Getty Images; Supplément illustré du quotidien "Le Petit Journal"/Public Domain.

KNOWLEDGE TESTS:

Mary Evans Picture Library; Interfoto/Alamy; Associated Newspapers Ltd./Solo Syndication; Mary Evans/Classic Stock/H. Armstrong Roberts; Mary Evans/Everett Collection; World History Archive/AKG; The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT, USA/Bridgeman Images; The Art Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; The Gallery Collection/Corbis; Rita Greer.

We are grateful to the authors and publishers for use of extracts from their titles and in particular for the following:

AQA: AQA material is reproduced by permission of AQA.
David Cressy: Adapted from an article in ‘History Today’ 1981. Reproduced by permission of the Publisher.
Adapted from a Daily Telegraph review of Charles I by Malcolm Gaskill, first published 4 October 2009.
Hugh Lawrence: Adapted from an article in ‘History Today’ 1986. Reproduced by permission of the Publisher.
Bruce Lenman: Adapted from an article in 'History Today' 1987. Reproduced by permission of the Publisher.
George C. Marshall: 82 words from a speech made at Harvard University on June 5, 1947. Reproduced by permission of the George C. Marshall Foundation, Lexington, Virginia. www.marshallfoundation.org.
Henrik Metelmann: Through Hell for Hitler. Copyright © 1990, 2001, 2005. Reproduced by permission of Oxbow Books.
Extract from the National Wallace Monument website www.nationalwallacemonument.com. Reprinted with permission. Reprinted with permission of Stirling District Tourism.
Ian Rogers: Adapted from an article in ‘History Today’, 1969. Reproduced by permission of the Publisher.
Inge Scholl: “Students Against Tyranny: The Resistance of the White Rose, Munich, 1942-1943” ©1970. Published by Wesleyan University Press. Used by permission.
Albert Speer: Inside the Third Reich 1960, Sphere Books London.  Reprinted by permission of Orion Books UK.
Leon TrotskyA History of the Russian Revolution, Haymarket Books, 2008. © 1932 Max Eastman, renewed 1961 by Yvette Eastman.

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

 

Why Remember the First World War?

View acknowledgements

OUP would like to thank British Pathé for the opportunity to use still images and films from their archive. British Pathé are the definitive source for newsreels and still images from Twentieth Century British history.

From the author, Paul Turner: To Claire, William, Henry and Mollie. This book is dedicated to you, my family, who have supported me through many late evenings and frustrating weekends when I have been working on this project. Without you I would have no inspiration. I would also like to thank Sarah Flynn for giving me this opportunity and Lois Durrant for being so upbeat and positive about what I have written.

OUP wishes to thank Kevin Newman, Head of History at Downlands Community School, and Alf Wilkinson, for their help reviewing, and contributing to, this book.

We would also like to thank the students of Downlands Community School for their help trialling our resources and making helpful suggestions.

KS3 History 3rd Edition by Aaron Wilkes: Technology, War and Independence

View acknowledgements

Cover illustration by Matthew Hollings

Artwork by QBS Media, Martin Sanders, Moreno Chiacchiera, Rudolf Farkas and Timo Grubing.

The publishers would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

History skills activities, revision quizzes and auto-marked tests:
Liverpool Record Office; Hulton Archive/Getty Images; © Swim Ink 2, LLC/CORBIS; London Metropolitan Archives (LMA); The Sinking of the Titanic by Coton, Graham (1926–2003) Private Collection/© Look and Learn/The Bridgeman Art Library; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; Topfoto/The Granger Collection New York; Aaron Wilkes; © akg-images/Alamy; Mary Evans/Grenville Collins Postcard Collection; Reproduced by permission of LONDON OPINION Printed by the Victoria House Printing Co., Ltd., Tudor Street, London, E.C./Imperial War Museum; Imperial War Museum; © David Cohen Fine Art/Mary Evans Picture Library; British Pathé Plc/ITN Archive; Janet Booth; Alamy/Jaxpix; © PAUL HACKETT/Reuters/Corbis; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; © Bettmann/CORBIS; David Wilson and WFB/Imperial War Museum; Kind courtesy of Robert & Tony Robinson, Mike Wells, Ian Thomas and Enid & Stuart Briggs, and the Accrington Pals website at www.pals.org.uk; Topical Press Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; © World History Archive/Alamy; Popperfoto/Getty Images; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; AFP/Getty Images; Popperfoto/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; Fair Play gegen Deutschland (against Germany)', cover of Simplicissimus, 1923, Munich (colour litho), Schilling, E. (fl.1923)/Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/Archives Charmet/Bridgeman Images; akg-images, London; Time Life Pictures/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; ALEXANDER MELEDIN/Mary Evans Picture Library; Graphic Photo Union/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images; LAPI/Roger Viollet/Getty Images; © PARIS PIERCE/Alamy; Topfoto; DPA/Empics; Richard Seaman; © David Osborn/Alamy; Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Interfoto/Mary Evans; Still Pictures; © John Parrot/Stocktrek Images, Inc./Alamy; © Heritage Images/Corbis; © Punch Limited; Corbis; Courtesy of the United Nations; © Lebrecht Music and Arts Photo Library/Alamy; NASA; Sven Hoppe/Shutterstock; NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Vitoriano Junior/Shutterstock; © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; Imagestate Media/HIP; PA Photos; © ALAN OLIVER/Alamy Empics/PA Photos; Mary Evans/Classic Stock/H. ARMSTRONG ROBERTS; Pathé; John Glanville/AP/Press Association Images; © Barry Lewis/In Pictures/Corbis; REX/Andre Csillag; REX/Sipa Press; © pumkinpie/Alamy; Emily Swift/Oxford University Press; Featureflash/Shutterstock; NI Syndication; Ian Hodgson/Reuters/Corbis; © Underwood & Underwood/Corbis; Tim Graham/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Art Shay/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images; REX/SIMON ROBERTS

Worksheets:
© Swim Ink 2, LLC/CORBIS; History Squad; © GL Archive/Alamy; Mary Evans Picture Library/ONSLOW AUCTIONS LIMITED; © Stephen Barnes/Titanic/Alamy; The Sinking of the Titanic by Coton, Graham (1926–2003) Private Collection/© Look and Learn/The Bridgeman Art Library; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; British Pathé; Reproduced by permission of LONDON OPINION Printed by the Victoria House Printing Co., Ltd., Tudor Street, London, E.C./Imperial War Museum; David Wilson and WFB/Imperial War Museum; Printed by David Allen and Sons Ltd., Harrow, London, etc./Imperial War Museum; Imperial War Museum; Kind courtesy of Robert & Tony Robinson, Mike Wells, Ian Thomas and Enid & Stuart Briggs, and the Accrington Pals website at www.pals.org.uk; Mary Evans/Grenville Collins Postcard Collection; © PAUL HACKETT/Reuters/Corbis; © World History Archive/Alamy; Topical Press Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; Will Dyson, Daily Herald, 13 May 1919, British Cartoon Archive, University of Kent, www.cartoons.ac.uk; © Punch Limited; © PARIS PIERCE/Alamy; Hulton Archive/Getty Images; © Bettmann/CORBIS; Vitoriano Junior/Shutterstock

Lesson Presentation and Plans:
Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Liverpool Record Office; © Swim Ink 2, LLC/CORBIS; London Metropolitan Archives (LMA); Mary Evans Picture Library/ONSLOW AUCTIONS LIMITED; The Sinking of the Titanic by Coton, Graham (1926–2003) Private Collection/© Look and Learn/The Bridgeman Art Library; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; Corbis/Hulton Deutsch; © Underwood & Underwood/Corbis; Emily Swift/Oxford University Press; Mary Evans/Robert Hunt Collection/Imperial War Museum; Aaron Wilkes; Reproduced by permission of LONDON OPINION Printed by the Victoria House Printing Co., Ltd., Tudor Street, London, E.C./Imperial War Museum; Imperial War Museum; Kind courtesy of Robert & Tony Robinson, Mike Wells, Ian Thomas and Enid & Stuart Briggs, and the Accrington Pals website at www.pals.org.uk; Mary Evans/Grenville Collins Postcard Collection; © David Cohen Fine Art/Mary Evans Picture Library; British Pathé Plc/ITN Archive; Janet Booth; Popperfoto/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library/Pump Park Photography; © PAUL HACKETT/Reuters/Corbis; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; © Bettmann/CORBIS; Topical Press Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; © World History Archive/Alamy; PA/Tophams/Topham Picturepoint/Press Association Images; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; AFP/Getty Images; akg-images, London; Fair Play gegen Deutschland (against Germany)', cover of Simplicissimus, 1923, Munich (colour litho), Schilling, E. (fl.1923)/Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/Archives Charmet/Bridgeman Images; © Punch Limited; ALEXANDER MELEDIN/Mary Evans Picture Library; Time Life Pictures/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; Graphic Photo Union/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images; LAPI/Roger Viollet/Getty Images; Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; © PARIS PIERCE/Alamy; DPA/Empics; Richard Seaman; Still Pictures; Dead bodies piled up to be burned following the Allied Bombing of Dresden, 13th -15th February 1945 (b/w photo), German Photographer (20th Century)/© SZ Photo/© SZ Photo/SV-Bilderdienst/Bridgeman Images; Interfoto/Mary Evans; © John Parrot/Stocktrek Images, Inc./Alamy; © Heritage Images/Corbis; Corbis; epa/Corbis; Courtesy of the United Nations; © Lebrecht Music and Arts Photo Library/Alamy; NASA; NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Sven Hoppe/Shutterstock; © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; © ALAN OLIVER/Alamy; Imagestate Media/HIP; Archive of the Irish in Britain, London, Metropolitan University; Science & Society/NMeM/Daily Herald Archive; Mr Pics/Shutterstock; PA Photos; © Zak Waters/Alamy; f9photos/Shutterstock; Mary Evans/Classic Stock/H. ARMSTRONG ROBERTS; Pathé; © INTERFOTO/Alamy; John Glanville/AP/Press Association Images; REX/Andre Csillag; © Sutton Images/Corbis; © Barry Lewis/In Pictures/Corbis; Featureflash/Shutterstock; © qaphotos.com/Alamy; REX/Sipa Press; © Ramin Talaie/Corbis; © pumkinpie/Alamy; The Advertising Archive; Art Shay/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images; NI Syndication; Ian Hodgson/Reuters/Corbis

Source banks:
© PAUL HACKETT/Reuters/Corbis; Mary Evans Picture Library; Topical Press Agency/Getty Images; NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; NI Syndication; Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Liverpool Record Office; Getty/Fox Photos; Topfoto/The Granger Collection New York; © Swim Ink 2, LLC/CORBIS; London Metropolitan Archives (LMA); Mary Evans Picture Library/ONSLOW AUCTIONS LIMITED; The Sinking of the Titanic by Coton, Graham (1926–2003) Private Collection/© Look and Learn/The Bridgeman Art Library; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; © Underwood & Underwood/Corbis; Corbis/Hulton Deutsch; Mary Evans/Robert Hunt Collection/Imperial War Museum; Emily Swift/Oxford University Press; Aaron Wilkes; Getty/Time Life Pictures; Reproduced by permission of LONDON OPINION Printed by the Victoria House Printing Co., Ltd., Tudor Street, London, E.C./Imperial War Museum; David Wilson and WFB/Imperial War Museum; Printed by David Allen and Sons Ltd., Harrow, London, etc./Imperial War Museum; Imperial War Museum; Kind courtesy of Robert & Tony Robinson, Mike Wells, Ian Thomas and Enid & Stuart Briggs, and the Accrington Pals website at www.pals.org.uk; Mary Evans/Grenville Collins Postcard Collection; © David Cohen Fine Art/Mary Evans Picture Library; Peter Gutierrez/Getty Images; Alamy/David Osborn; Alamy/akg-images; British Pathé Plc/ITN Archive; Janet Booth; Alamy/Jaxpix; Popperfoto/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library/Pump Park Photography; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Mary Evans/Robert Hunt Collection; © Punch Limited; Topical Press Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; © Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; © Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; © World History Archive/Alamy; PA/Tophams/Topham Picturepoint/Press Association Images; Getty Images/Hulton Archive; AFP/Getty Images; akg-images, London; Fair Play gegen Deutschland (against Germany)', cover of Simplicissimus, 1923, Munich (colour litho), Schilling, E. (fl.1923)/Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/Archives Charmet/Bridgeman Images; William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; Mark Stevenson/Stocktrek Images/Getty Images; ALEXANDER MELEDIN/Mary Evans Picture Library; Time Life Pictures/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; Graphic Photo Union/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images; LAPI/Roger Viollet/Getty Images; © PARIS PIERCE/Alamy; © David Osborn/Alamy; Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Topfoto; DPA/Empics; Richard Seaman; Still Pictures; Dead bodies piled up to be burned following the Allied Bombing of Dresden, 13th -15th February 1945 (b/w photo), German Photographer (20th Century)/© SZ Photo/© SZ Photo/SV-Bilderdienst/Bridgeman Images; Interfoto/Mary Evans; © John Parrot/Stocktrek Images, Inc./Alamy; © Heritage Images/Corbis; epa/Corbis; Corbis; Courtesy of the United Nations; The Art Archive; © Everett Collection Historical/Alamy; © Lebrecht Music and Arts Photo Library/Alamy; NASA; Sven Hoppe/Shutterstock; © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; © ALAN OLIVER/Alamy; Comic Relief; Imagestate Media/HIP; Science & Society/NMeM/Daily Herald Archive; Archive of the Irish in Britain, London, Metropolitan University; Mr Pics/Shutterstock; © Gideon Mendel/Corbis; Empics/PA Photos; PA Photos; © Zak Waters/Alamy; f9photos/Shutterstock; © Bettmann/CORBIS; Mary Evans/Classic Stock/H. ARMSTRONG ROBERTS; British Pathé; © Museum of Flight/CORBIS; © INTERFOTO/Alamy; John Glanville/AP/Press Association Images; © Sutton Images/Corbis; © Barry Lewis/In Pictures/Corbis; REX/Andre Csillag; © qaphotos.com/Alamy; Featureflash/Shutterstock; REX/Sipa Press; © Ramin Talaie/Corbis; © pumkinpie/Alamy; Photodisc/Oxford University Press; Tim Graham/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; REX/SIMON ROBERTS; The Advertising Archive; Art Shay/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images; © -/epa/Corbis

Film clips:
Audio: Sarek9/Pond5.com, catch22music/Pond5.com, cigaretta/Pond5.com, irkic/iStock, mrSFX/iStock, Yuri/iStock, soundsvisual/iStock, ProSoundFX/Pond5.com

Images: © PAUL HACKETT/Reuters/Corbis, Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images, NASA

The publishers would like to thank the following people for offering their contribution in the development of this Kerboodle: Lessons, Resources and Assessment:

Authors

Aaron Wilkes

Katrina Shearman

Ellen Longley

Jerome Freeman, Educational Consultant, for assessment consultancy

British Pathé, for the opportunity to use still images and films from their archive; British Pathé are the definitive source for newsreels and still images from twentieth-century British history

Kevin Hicks, History Squad, for film writing and performance

Oxford Digital Media, for creating mini-movies

From the author, Aaron Wilkes: The author wishes to once again thank the fantastic team at OUP for all their hard work, enthusiasm and support. Special thanks must also go to Sarah Flynn, my publisher, and Becky DeLozier, my editor. They have been part of every stage of this process and have always been on hand to encourage me, give advice and make brilliantly practical suggestions. I must also acknowledge my wife, Emma, and two other blossoming historians who share my life, my daughters Hannah and Eleanor. Their love, patience and kind words have been a constant inspiration.

From the author, Ellen Longley: With thanks and love to my fantastic husband and parents who support me without question in everything I do. I couldn't do it without you.

And my beautiful daughters, Jess and Beth, who make me proud every day.

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:

Josh Brooman: Hitler’s Germany: Germany 1933-1945 (20th Century History, Longman, 1985), reprinted by permission of the publishers, Pearson Education.

Winston Churchill: ‘Blood, toil, tears, and sweat’, 13 May 1940, House of Commons; ‘Wars are not won by evacuations’, 4 June 1940, House of Commons; and ‘ Never give in’, 29 Oct 1941, Harrow School; copyright © Winston S Churchill, reprinted by permission of Curtis Brown, London, on behalf of the Estate of Sir Winston Churchill.

Caroline Lang: interview with Anita Bowers in Keep Smiling Through: Women in the Second World War (CUP, 1989), reprinted by permission of Cambridge University Press.

Philip Plait (The Bad Astronomer): ‘Fox TV and the Apollo Moon Hoax’, 13 Feb 2001, posted at www.badastronomy.com, reprinted by permission of the author.

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

KS3 History 4th Edition: Revolution, Industry and Empire

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Illustrations by: Martin Sanders (Beehive Illustration), Moreno Chiacchiera (Beehive Illustration), Rudolf Farkas (Beehive Illustration), QBS Learning

The publisher would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

End of lesson assessments: GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; PAINTING/Alamy Stock Photo; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Universal History Archive/Getty Images; English explorer and adventurer Sir Humphrey Gilbert cutting the first sod of Newfoundland, claiming the land for England, 1583 (colour litho), English School, (20th century)/Private Collection/© Look and Learn/Bridgeman Images; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; IanDagnall Computing/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday ClassicStock/Alamy Stock Photo; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; ©Charles Drake/Wikpedia; Peter Jordan_NE/Alamy Stock Photo; George Brice/Alamy Stock Photo; Albert Knapp/Alamy Stock Photo; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; Portrait of Elizabeth Vernon, Countess of Southampton (oil on panel), English School, (16th century)/Boughton House, Northamptonshire, UK/The Buccleuch Collections/Bridgeman Images; Portrait of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) c.1610 (oil on canvas), Taylor, John (d.1651) (attr. to)/National Portrait Gallery, London, UK/Bridgeman Images; Timewatch Images/Alamy Stock Photo; English School, (16th century)/English/Bridgeman Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; Bikeworldtravel/Shutterstock; Lebrecht Music & Arts/Alamy Stock Photo; FALKENSTEINFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Look and Learn/Robert Embleton;

Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Picture Library; Everett-Art/Shutterstock; PhotoEdit/Alamy Stock Photo; National Archives; Coronation Procession of Charles II to Westminster from the Tower of London, 22nd April 1661, 1662 (oil on canvas), Stoop, Dirck (c.1614-c.83)/Museum of London, UK/Bridgeman Images; Verschuier, Lieve (1630-86)/Dutch/Bridgeman Images; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Nick Turner/Alamy Stock Photo; Ratikova/Shutterstock; Artokoloro Quint Lox Limited/Alamy Stock Photo; ACTIVE MUSEUM/Alamy Stock Photo; Cooper, Richard, the Elder (c.1696-1764)/British/Bridgeman Images; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; World History Archive/TopFoto; James Barrett/Alamy Stock Photo; Michael Nicholson/Getty; SSPL/Getty Images; Chris Dorney/Alamy Stock Photo; Malcolm Haines/Alamy Stock Photo; Michael Seleznev/Alamy Stock Photo; Alamy Stock Photo; The Granger Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images; Punch Cartoon Library/TopFoto; Otto Herschan Collection/Getty Images;

The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; Ben Molyneux/Alamy Stock Photo; Lordprice Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Historical Images Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett Collection Historical/Alamy Stock Photo; Henrietta of Lorraine (oil on canvas) by Dyck, Sir Anthony van (1599-1641); The Iveagh Bequest, Kenwood House, London, UK; (add.info.: Henrietta Anne of England (1644-70), youngest daughter of Charles I of England;); Mr Standfast/Alamy Stock Photo; incamerastock/Alamy Stock Photo; Slaves cutting the cane, from 'Ten Views in the Island of Antigua', 1823 (hand-coloured litho), Clark, William (1770-1838)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; Branding iron, probably 19th century (iron)/Wilberforce House, Hull City Museums and Art Galleries, UK/Bridgeman Images; The Royal Mint; Bettman/Getty Images; AF Fotografie/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Bridgeman Images; FineArt/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian Dagnall/Alamy Stock Photo; Mark Thomas/Alamy Stock Photo; Lifestyle pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Boris Stroujko/Shutterstock; © British Library Board. All Rights Reserved/Bridgeman Images; Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images; Shutterstock; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans Picture Library; Royal Archives, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II; Art Collection 3/Alamy Stock Photo; © Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans Picture Library; Henry Guttmann Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images; Everett Historical/Shutterstock; agefotostock/Alamy Stock Photo; The Wellcome Trust CC BY; Mansell/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images; Sothebys; National Science & Media Museum/Science & Society Picture Library; Heritage Images/Getty Images; Lordprice Collection/Alamy Stock Photo;

Quick Knowledge Quizzes: Heritage Images/Getty; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Stan Pritchard/Alamy Stock Photo; English explorer and adventurer Sir Humphrey Gilbert cutting the first sod of Newfoundland, claiming the land for England, 1583 (colour litho), English School, (20th century)/Private Collection/© Look and Learn/Bridgeman Images; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Look and Learn/Robert Embleton; www.BibleLandPictures.com/Alamy Stock Photo; Lebrecht Music & Arts/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Archive/Handout/Getty; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Coronation Procession of Charles II to Westminster from the Tower of London, 22nd April 1661, 1662 (oil on canvas), Stoop, Dirck (c.1614-c.83)/Museum of London, UK/Bridgeman Images; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Ratikova/Shutterstock; ACTIVE MUSEUM/Alamy Stock Photo; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; eye35.pix/Alamy; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Alamy Stock Photo; The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton; Collection/Bridgeman Images; Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images; Slaves cutting the cane, from 'Ten Views in the Island of Antigua', 1823 (hand-coloured litho), Clark, William (1770-1838)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Lifestyle pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; F48 Bombay Castle, 1731 (oil on canvas), Lambert, G. (1710-85) and Scott, S. (1710-72)/British Library, London, UK/© British Library Board. All Rights Reserved/Bridgeman Images; The 7th Bengal Infantry on Parade, the Anglo-Indian Army of the 1880s (colour litho), Simkin, Richard (1840-1926) (after)/Private Collection/Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images; age fotostock/Alamy Stock Photo; Art Collection 3/Alamy Stock Photo; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; College of Arms, reproduced by permission of the Kings, Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms

Animations: Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Library; EtherMary/Shutterstock; lunokot/Shutterstock; MoreVector/Shutterstock; SThom/Shutterstock; Paladin12/Shutterstock; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; MaryValery/Shutterstock; Meowu/Shutterstock; Dede parsiadin/Shutterstock; Peter Jordan_NE/Alamy Stock Photo; Albert Knapp/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; Mary Evans Picture Library; Henry Guttmann Collection/Stringer/Getty Images; age fotostock/Alamy Stock Photo; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; Aleksandar Ilic/Alamy Stock Photo; incamerastock/Alamy Stock Photo; Lebrecht Music & Arts/Alamy Stock Photo; Slaves cutting the cane, from 'Ten Views in the Island of Antigua', 1823 (hand-coloured litho), Clark, William (1770-1838)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; ©Matthew Brady 1822-1896/Public Domain image/Wikipedia; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; F48 Bombay Castle, 1731 (oil on canvas), Lambert, G. (1710-85) and Scott, S. (1710-72)/British Library, London, UK/© British Library Board. All Rights Reserved/Bridgeman Images; Universal Art Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Hulton Archive/Stringer/Getty; WEB-DESIGN/Shutterstock; MD Delwar Hossain/Alamy Stock Vector; BLM Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Classic Image/Alamy Stock Photo; eye35.pix/Alamy;

Worksheets: North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; Portrait of Elizabeth Vernon, Countess of Southampton (oil on panel), English School, (16th century)/Boughton House, Northamptonshire, UK/The Buccleuch Collections/Bridgeman Images; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; Meranda19/Shutterstock; The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn, plate XI of 'Industry and Idleness', illustration from 'Hogarth Restored: The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth, re-engraved by Thomas Cook', pub. 1812 (hand-coloured engraving), Hogarth, William (1697-1764)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; Historical Images Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Mr Standfast/Alamy Stock Photo; incamerastock/Alamy Stock Photo;

Slaves cutting the cane, from 'Ten Views in the Island of Antigua', 1823 (hand-coloured litho), Clark, William (1770-1838)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; sinausabtu/Shutterstock; Historical Images Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Mark Thomas/Alamy Stock Photo; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Casper1774 Studio/Shutterstock; Mazur Travel/Shutterstock; Boris Stroujko/Shutterstock; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Sothebys;

History Skills Activities: Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Library; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; Portrait of Elizabeth Vernon, Countess of Southampton (oil on panel), English School, (16th century)/Boughton House, Northamptonshire, UK/The Buccleuch Collections/Bridgeman Images; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Lordprice Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Sothebys; The Royal Mint; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo;

Resource planners: GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; English explorer and adventurer Sir Humphrey Gilbert cutting the first sod of Newfoundland, claiming the land for England, 1583 (colour litho), English School, (20th century)/Private Collection/© Look and Learn/Bridgeman Images; ClassicStock/Alamy Stock Photo; ©Charles Drake/Wikpedia; North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Portrait of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) c.1610 (oil on canvas), Taylor, John (d.1651) (attr. to)/National Portrait Gallery, London, UK/Bridgeman Images; Bridgeman Images/TopFoto; Mary Evans Picture Library; Lebrecht Music & Arts/Alamy Stock Photo; Look and Learn/Robert Embleton; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett - Art/Shutterstock; PhotoEdit/Alamy Stock Photo; Coronation Procession of Charles II to Westminster from the Tower of London, 22nd April 1661, 1662 (oil on canvas), Stoop, Dirck (c.1614-c.83)/Museum of London, UK/Bridgeman Images; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Artokoloro Quint Lox Limited/Alamy Stock Photo; ACTIVE MUSEUM/Alamy Stock Photo; World History Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; James Barrett/Alamy Stock Photo; The Granger Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Alamy Stock Photo; Otto Herschan Collection/Getty Images; Lordprice Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Historical Images Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett Collection Historical/Alamy Stock Photo; incamerastock/Alamy Stock Photo; Slaves cutting the cane, from 'Ten Views in the Island of Antigua', 1823 (hand-coloured litho), Clark, William (1770-1838)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; AF Fotografie/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library/GROSVENOR PRINTS; Ian Dagnall/Alamy Stock Photo; Lifestyle pictures/Alamy Stock Photo; Mazur Travel/Shutterstock; F48 Bombay Castle, 1731 (oil on canvas), Lambert, G. (1710-85) and Scott, S. (1710-72)/British Library, London, UK/© British Library Board. All Rights Reserved/Bridgeman Images; The 7th Bengal Infantry on Parade, the Anglo-Indian Army of the 1880s (colour litho), Simkin, Richard (1840-1926) (after)/Private Collection/Peter Newark Pictures/Bridgeman Images; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Art Collection 3/Alamy Stock Photo; Henry Guttman Collection/Getty Images; agefotostock/Alamy Stock Photo; The Wellcome Trust CC BY; Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; Sothebys; College of Arms, reproduced by permission of the Kings, Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms

Assessment Presentations: Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; © The British Library Board/BRIDGEMAN ART LIBRARY; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy Stock Photo; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Ian Dagnall/Alamy Stock Photo;

Audio Files for Animations: jfxsound/Pond5; SoundJay/Pond5; ProSoundEffects/Pond5; lynnepublishing/Pond5; SoundIdeasCom/Pond5; soundsvisual/Pond5; Soundrangers/Pond5; allisterbrimble/Pond5; scsepse/Pond5; Marbury/Pond5; SoundArtist/Pond5; SFXGuru/Pond5; sounddogs/Pond5; FoundationSFX/Pond5; hdaudio/Pond5; HollywoodSound/Pond5; Articulated_Sounds/Pond5; FxProSound/Pond5; AudibleComplexFX/Pond5; SoundMorph/Pond5; sfxmedia/Pond5; agcnf_media/Pond5; DsoundE/Pond5; applehillstudios/Pond5; hauthaler/Pond5; TibaSound/Pond5; tonwagen/Pond5; PremiumSoundFX/Pond5; Noisum/Pond5; ESMShawnC/Pond5; Soundexperience/Pond5; steve_cummings/Pond5; OlivierGirardot/Pond5; MarvinUrias/Pond5; partnersinrhyme/Pond5;

The publishers would like to thank the following people for offering their contribution in the development of this Kerboodle: Lessons, Resources and Assessment:

Laura Killeen

Ellen Longley

Lindsay Bruce

Aaron Wilkes

Alternative View Studios, for creating the animations

Kevin Hicks, History Squad, for filming and performance

English Heritage, for the use of their historic locations

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

KS3 History 4th Edition: Invasion, Plague and Murder

View acknowledgements

The publisher would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

End of lesson assessments:

Granger Historical Picture Archive / Alamy Stock Photo; The History Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Getty Images/The Bridgeman Art Library; Leemage/Getty Images; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; The History Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; AAA Collection; Chetham's Library, Manchester, UK /Bridgeman Images; The Conqueror Comes to London, Doughty, C.L. (1913-85)/Private Collection/© Look and Learn/Bridgeman Images; Shutterstock; Michael Holford; darryl gill/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett Collection Historical/Alamy Stock Photo; Stephen Dorey ABIPP/Alamy Stock Photo; FadiBarghouthy/Shutterstock; Shmulitk/iStock; Vittorio Caramazza/Shutterstock

Prisma by Dukas Presseagentur GmbH/Alamy Stock Photo; Valery Egorov/Shutterstock; Ancient Art and Architecture / Alamy Stock Photo; Alex Ramsay/Alamy Stock Photo Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Nicholas E Jones/Shutterstock; "Le Tavernier, Jean I (fl.1434-60) Bibliotheque Royale de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium/ The Bridgeman Art Library Nationality / copyright status: Flemish / out of copyright"; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans; English; School/English/Bridgeman Images; Bridgeman/British Library; Mary Evans Picture Library; Add 42130 f.172v Peasants harvesting, begun prior to 1340 for Sir Geoffrey Luttrell (1276-1345), Latin (vellum), English School, (14th century)/British Library, London, UK/© British Library Board. All Rights Reserved/Bridgeman Images; age fotostock/Alamy Stock Photo; Philip Bird/Alamy Stock Photo; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; British Library Board/The Bridgeman Art Library; Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2019”

British Library Board/The Bridgeman Art Library; Paul Davey/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Georgios Kollidas/Shutterstock; Mary Evans/Museum of the City of New York; iwChameleon/iStock; Samot/Shutterstock; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library/DOUGLAS MCCARTHY; The Print Collector/Alamy Stock Photo; Derek Croucher/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Titmuss/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Henry VI (1421-71) c.1535 (oil on panel), English School, (16th century)/Society of Antiquaries of London, UK/Bridgeman Images; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; FALKENSTEINFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Double portrait of Elizabeth of York (1465-1503) and Henry VII (1457-1509) holding the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster from 'Memoirs of the Court of Queen Elizabeth', published in 1825 (w/c and gouache on paper), Essex, Sarah Countess of (d.1838)/Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/Bridgeman Images; Chronicle/Alamy Stock Photo; Bridgeman Images; Millais, John Everett (1829-96)/English/Bridgeman Images; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; ACTIVE MUSEUM/Alamy Stock Photo; Tim Slater/Alamy Stock Photo; National Portrait Gallery; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Jane Seymour, 1536 (oil on panel), Holbein the Younger, Hans (1497/8-1543)/Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria/Bridgeman Images; National Portrait Gallery; Portrait of Anne of Cleves (1515-57) 1539 (oil on canvas), Holbein the Younger, Hans (1497/8-1543)/Louvre, Paris, France/Bridgeman Images; Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2019”

Edward VI, c.1546 (oil on panel), Scrots, Guillaume (fl.1537-53) (attr. to) / Royal Collection Trust © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, 2019 / Bridgeman Images; PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Bridgeman Art Library/The British Library; Bridgeman Art Library/the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge; Museum Of The History Of Science/Oxford Universit Images/Science Photo Library; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library

Animations:

The animations were created by Alternative View Studios. Narration provided by Ritchie Clark.

1.4 Round 1: the Battle of Stamford Bridge

The History Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Sounddogs; Peter_Elvin; SoundIdeasCom; SoundExperience; Sounddogs; Yurikud; SoundExperience; BackgroundSounds

2.2 William the castle builder

Shutterstock; illustrator096/Shutterstock; OlivierGirardot/Pond5; Soundrangers/Pond5; TibaSound/Pond5; FxProSound/Pond5; SoundIdeasCom

3.4 Cuthbert the Crusader

bilwissedition Ltd. & Co. KG/Alamy Stock Photo; pictore/Getty Images; FadiBarghouthy/Shutterstock; Pavel Skopets/Shutterstock; Shmulitk/iStock; SoundIdeasCom; tobydalsgaard/Pond5

5.5A Power to the people

INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; artmakerbit/Shutterstock; lynnepublishing/Pond5; Soundrangers/Pond5; SoundIdeasCom/Pond5; lynnepublishing/Pond5; Sektor37/Pond5; hdaudio; ProSoundEffects/Pond5

6.1 How smelly were the Middle Ages?

OlivierGirardot/Pond5; matt_gerry/Pond5; aglinder/Pond5; FxProSound/Pond5; jdgehlert/Pond5; Marbury/Pond5; SFXsource_Sound_Effects/Pond5; argonaut/Pond5; clacksfx/Pond5

7.5 Joan of Arc: the teenage girl who led an army

Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Everett Historical/Shutterstock; CreativeDot; brandnameaudio; SoundIdeasCom; SoundExperience; Tomjog; BackgroundSounds; NewTone_Productions; SoundIdeasCom; hdaudio; timepassages

8.3 Henry VIII, his first wife and his big problem

Keith Corrigan/Alamy Stock Photo; National Portrait Gallery; ACTIVE MUSEUM/Alamy Stock Photo; National Portrait Gallery; Tim Slater/Alamy Stock Photo; tatevrika/Shutterstock; Margaret Smeaton/Shutterstock; SoundIdeasCom/Pond5; LightOwlMusic/Pond5; FascinatedSound/Pond5; applehillstudios/Pond5; Soundexperience/Pond5; agcnf_media/Pond5; SFXGuru/Pond5

9.2A What was Britain like by 1558?

Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Stephen Dorey ABIPP/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library; Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2019; DE AGOSTINI PICTURE LIBRARY/Getty Images; Shutterstock; WEB-DESIGN/Shutterstock

Bridgeman Art Library/The British Library; SFXGuru/Pond5; Soundexperience/Pond5; FascinatedSound/Pond5; applehillstudios/Pond5; SoundIdeasCom/Pond5; mwosound/Pond5

Worksheets:

LEON NEAL/Getty Images; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo Leemage/Getty Images; Craig Joiner Photography/Alamy Stock Photo; Michael Holford; Granger Historical Picture Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Viktorija Reuta/Shutterstock; The Stage of a Mountebank Seller of Drugs, illustration from 'Science and Literature in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance', written and engraved by Paul Lacroix, 1878 (engraving) (b/w photo), French School, (15th century) (after)/Private Collection/Bridgeman Images; Granger Historical Picture Archive/©Photo Researchers; Bridgeman Art Library/The British Library

Quick knowledge quizzes:

GL Archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Chetham's Library, Manchester, UK / Bridgeman Images

AAA Collection; Michael Holford; darryl gill/Alamy Stock Photo; "Le Tavernier, Jean I (fl.1434-60) Bibliotheque Royale de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium/ The Bridgeman Art Library Nationality / copyright status: Flemish / out of copyright"; age fotostock/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Peter Titmuss/Alamy Stock Photo; Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo; Niday Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo; Portrait of Anne of Cleves (1515-57) 1539 (oil on canvas), Holbein the Younger, Hans (1497/8-1543)/Louvre, Paris, France/Bridgeman Images; Edward VI, c.1546 (oil on panel), Scrots, Guillaume (fl.1537-53) (attr. to) / Royal Collection Trust © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, 2019 / Bridgeman Images; PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy Stock Photo; Bridgeman Art Library/The British Library; The Picture Art Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Mary Evans Picture Library

Illustrations by: Moreno Chiacchiera via Beehive Illustrations, Rudolf Farkas via Beehive Illustrations, Martin Sanders via Beehive Illustrations, QBS Learning and OUP

The publishers would like to thank the following people for offering their contribution in the development of this Kerboodle: Lessons, Resources and Assessment:

Laura Killeen

Ellen Longley

Lindsay Bruce

Aaron Wilkes

Kevin Hicks, History Squad, for filming and performance

English Heritage, for the use of their historic locations

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

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ICT and Design Technology

Computing A Level for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Science Photo Library/Sam Ogden; Alamy

Interactive activities: Hurix Systems (http://www.hurix.com/)

Presentations: Denis Vorob’yev/iStockphoto.com; fotolia.com; MoonStock Photos/ fotolia.com; Kolyushka/wikipedia; Duncan Walker/iStockphoto.com; Anna Marinova/fotolia.com; Ruslan Olinchuk/fotolia.com; Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Illustrations by:  Fakenham Photosetting Ltd ( http://www.fakphoto.co.uk/)

OUP wishes to thank Sarah Gainsbury for her active contribution, Stuart Gilbertson, Janet Osisiogu and colleagues at AQA; Ian Flynn, Susan Sentence, Sophie Baker and Nathan Barnes, Sarah Sodhi, Magic Software Pvt Ltd, Giunti Labs, Cordial AV Audio Visual Productions, Tim Goodwright and David Wade, Susannah Fountain, Hilary Herrick

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:  United States Airforce Academy, Department of Computer Science – RAPTOR http://www.usafa.af.mil/df/dfcs/bios/mcc_html/raptor.cfm ): Raptor screenshot; Goldwave ( http://goldwave.com) and Audacity ( http://audacity.sourceforge.net/): Goldwave and Audacity screen shot; Denning, P.J. (2007): Computation: A new way of science; Polya,G. (1971) How to Solve It: A new aspect of mathematical method; Prisoners and hats problem, attributed to Todd Ebert of the University of California: A classic logic problem that has connections to algebraic coding theory; Testing, Additional notes – Extreme Programming  ( http://extremeprogramming.org/what.html): What is Extreme Programming? Bitmapped and vector graphics; About.com; Graphics Software:  ( http://graphicssoft.about.com/cs/findsoftware/a/twotypes.htm).

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Design & Technology A Level for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Juice Images/Alamy

Animation: danegar/istockphoto; Bruce Riccitelli/istockphoto; rathyrye/istockphoto; krakozawr/istockphoto; scotspencer/istockphoto; hakinci/istockphoto; cobalt/ istockphoto; Janne Ahvo/istockphoto; Graffoto/istockphoto.

Product Analysis Exercise: innocentdrinks.co.uk; Nat Tunbridge/NT; MarcusPhoto1/istockphoto; Adam Woolfitt/CORBIS; Martin McCarthy/istockphoto; rsvr.net; by kind permission of Head UK; fibre-lyte.co.uk; nevism.co.uk; revrie.ltd.uk; Madabout-Kitcars.com; Madabout-Kitcars.com; Jungbim/Wikipedia; colourmatchcentre.co.uk; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Mediscan; Mediscan; igor terekhov/ istockphoto; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Sheryl Griffin/istockphoto; vladislav mitic/istockphoto; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Marie-Thérèse GUIHAL/Fotolia; Jeff Dalton/istockphoto; Cédric Chabal/Fotolia; Mark Barnes/istockphoto; Hugh Threlfall/Alamy; Skip Odonnell/istockphoto; Susan Trigg/istockphoto; Özgür Donmaz/istockphoto; Powersafer UK Ltd; Fotolia IV/Fotolia; Loll designs; Shenval/Alamy; filonmar/istockphoto; ricardo azoury/istockphoto; bluefern/istockphoto; Kimberly Reinick/Fotolia; nTripp/Fotolia; Jessica Morelli/istockphoto; Lawrence Manning/CORBIS; elnicjewellery.com; LIUDMILA OTRUTSKAYA/istockphoto; wsfurlan/istpckphoto; Mark Evans/istockphoto

Case study: Adam Woolfitt/CORBIS; Bettmann/CORBIS; bkatcher/flickr; ARTEK; ARTEK; public domain; Picture Post/Getty Images; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; David Hughes/Fotolia; Alex Yeung/ Fotolia.com; Rama/Wikipedia; Platonides/Wikipedia; JackyR/Jamesjsimon/Wikipedia; Demion/Sandstein/Wikipedia; Imm808/ Wikipedia; Adrianna Williams/zefa/Corbis; Daniel Case/Wikipedia; Carolina K Smith MD/Fotolia; Hulton Archive/Getty images; Beijing goalie/Wikipedia; Benjah-bmm27/Wikipedia; TotoBaggins/Wikipedia; TotoBaggins/Wikipedia; Muriel Gottrop/Wikipedia; Image courtesy of Chelmsford Borough Council; Elke Wetzig/Wikipedia; Sharon Dominick/istockphoto; theguardian/AP Archive; Joy Fera/Fotolia; James Leynse/Corbis; JeremyA/Wikipedia; Joshua Haviv/Fotolia; Marc Dietrich/Fotolia; JavaDuke/Fotolia; vitrastock/istockphoto; Public domain; Lengis/Wikipedia; Zakgollop/Wikipedia; Dschwen/Wikipedia; Dschwen/ Wikipedia; Trouncel/Wikipedia; Pavel.Krok/Wikipedia; Dschwen/ Wikipedia; ecotoys.com.au; harmonie58/Fotolia; Leela-uk; Leela-uk; ecotoys.com.au; Mikhail Basov/Fotolia; pics money/Fotolia; Ernesto Solla Domínguez/istockphoto; Robert Lawson/Photolibrary.com; Bara K Kristinsdottir/photolibary; Getty Images; amridesign/Fotolia; Tim Mosenfelder/Getty Images; Anna Clopet/CORBIS; Anna Clopet/CORBIS; Holger.Ellgaard/ Wikipedia.com; Floris Leeuwenberg/Corbis; Floris Leeuwenberg/Corbis; Maclaren; Arpingstone/Wikipedia; Maclaren; Maclaren; Maclaren; Maclaren; Maclaren; Maclaren; Maclaren; Bettmann/CORBIS; David Clapp/Arcaid/Corbis; Francesco Venturi/CORBIS; Angelo Hornak/CORBIS; Sean Gallup/Getty Images; leafy/Fotolia; ilbusca/istockphoto; IF CAR/Wikipedia; Dezignr/Wikipedia; pederk/istockphoto

Webquest: Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT; Nat Tunbridge/NT

Teacher notes: Alex Goldberg; Alex Goldberg; John Birdsall Photography; Nokia; Victoria and Albert museum; public domain

Animation: Source code, interface design, animations and interactives © Oxford University Press

Video: Commissioned video by Unity Film & Video Production Ltd

Illustrations by: Illustrations include artwork drawn by Barking Dog Art and GreenGate Publishing

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Design & Technology GCSE for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Oxford University Press; Jim Wileman; Oxford University Press

Audio case study: Paul Fleet/Fotolia; Pauline Parkman; Hywit dimyardi/istockphoto; Flemming Mahler/istockphoto; Pauline Parkman; Jason Lugo/istockphoto; Pauline Parkman; Stockphotography; kodachrome25/istockphoto; Cornel Stefan Achirei/istockphoto; Sandeep Subba/istockphoto; Matthew Scherf/istockphoto; Sandeep Subba/istockphoto; Roy Inwood; Fresh Food Images/Graham Salter; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; hazel proudlove/Fotolia; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; Pauline Parkman; hazel proudlove/Fotolia; Pauline Parkman; hazel proudlove/Fotolia; Pauline Parkman; Cindy Engliand/istockphoto; Catherine Yeulet/istockphoto; Food Standards Agency; Food Standards Agency; Food Standards Agency; Food Standards Agency; Food Standards Agency; Elena Elisseeva/istockphoto; ericsphotography/istockphoto; morganl/istockphoto; Jack Puccio/istockphoto; xabicasa/istockphoto; Emilia Stasiak/istockphoto; YinYang/istockphoto; ANDY CRUMP, TDR, WHO; jerryhat/istockphoto; Ivan Mateev/istockphoto; Jack Puccio/istockphoto; Matej Pribelsky/istockphoto; Maria Toutoudaki/istockphoto; Dean Turner/istockphoto; Michal Rozanski/istockphoto; Dave White/istockphoto; creacart/istockphoto; CNRI; YinYang/istockphoto; Paul Cowan/istockphoto; epicurean/istockphoto; Klaudia Steiner/istockphoto; Oleksandr/istockphoto; Khanh Trang/istockphoto; MistikaS/istockphoto; Jason Reekie/istockphoto; doram/istockphoto; Marc Dietrich/istockphoto; Stacey Newman/istockphoto; Petros Tsonis/istockphoto; Elena Elisseeva/istockphoto; ericsphotography/istockphoto; Dove Farm Foods Limited; Stiletto Foods UK Ltd; Doves Farm Foods Limited; Lana Langlois/Fotolia; Alex White/Fotolia; Agphotographer/Fotolia; Blue Wren/Fotolia; Matthew Benoit/Fotolia; Yong Hian Lim/Fotolia; Elke Dennis/Fotolia; Graça Victoria/Fotolia; Almondy Limited; Wessex Mill; L. Shat/Fotolia; mediablitzimages (UK) Limited/Alamy; rgbdigital.co.uk/Fotolia; sumnersgraphicsinc/Fotolia; leafy/Fotolia; Joe Gough/Fotolia; Martyn Capewell/Fotolia; Carmen Steiner/Fotolia; Elena Aliaga/istockphoto; Marie-france/istockphoto; Floortje/istockphoto; ALEAIMAGE/istockphoto; Olga Lyubkina/istockphoto; sasimoto/istockphoto; Quorn; Goodness Direct; WingYip; GoodnessDirect; Dr. Oetker (UK) Limited; Dr. Oetker (UK) Limited; Viva; Sainsbury's; The Vegan Society; Aubrey Organics UK; Vegetarian Society; Springfield Gallery/Fotolia; RapidEye/istockphoto; Don Bayley/istockphoto; 58 shadows/istockphoto; RapidEye/istockphoto; Owen Price/istockphoto; Robyn Mackenzie/istockphoto; MORE IMAGES (OCEANIA)/Photolibrary; Robyn Mackenzie/istockphoto; Burgess, Linda/Stock Food  UK; Michael Valdez/istockphoto; Harry/Stock Food  UK; Heinze, Winfried/StockFood UK; Paul Cowan/istockphoto; Juanmonino/istockphoto; Dave Griffith/istockphoto; janeff/istockphoto; Don Bayley/istockphoto; Don Bayley/istockphoto; MorePixels/istockphoto; keith morris/Alamy; Caziopeia/istockphoto; Owen Price/istockphoto; Arkady Ten/Fotolia; Lucky Dragon/Fotolia; VikramRaghuvanshi/istockphoto; Buntrock, Gerrit Ltd /Stockfood UK; William Berry/istockphoto; Liza McCorkle/istockphoto; Tracy Hebden/istockphoto; Gabrieldome/Fotolia; Thomas Perkins/Fotolia; Owen Price/istockphoto; Charles D. Winters/Science Photo Library; Andrew Lambert Photography; Elena Schweitzer/istockphoto; Gabrieldome/Fotolia; Ian O'Leary/Dorling Kindersley; Ian O'Leary/Dorling Kindersley; Kelly Cline/istockphoto; Michael Valdez/istockphoto; Kelly Cline/istockphoto; cylma/Fotolia; Jan Tyler/istockphoto; Rey Rojo/istockphoto; akaplummer/istockphoto; ALEAIMAGE/istockphoto; dreambigphotos/Fotolia; Don Bayley/istockphoto; Springfield Gallery/Fotolia; MORE IMAGES (OCEANIA)/Photolibrary; Silvia Jansen/Fotolia; Dori Oconnell/istockphoto; imagesab/Fotolia; William Higgins/istockphoto; Maria Toutoudaki/istockphoto; Fatma Alemadi/istockphoto; Kursad/istockphoto; Sally Wallis/Fotolia; Peterman/Fotolia; Laborer/istockphoto; Vasko Miokovic/istockphoto; Laborer/istockphoto; Laborer/istockphoto; Taratorki/Fotolia; mwookie/istockphoto; Joe Gough/istockphoto; Nancy Kennedy/istockphoto; AtWaG/istockphoto; Oliaa/istockphoto; Simone van den Berg/istockphoto; Michael Chamberlin/Fotolia; HughStonelan/istockphoto; CWellsPhoto/istockphoto; Blindtoy99/Fotolia; Blindtoy99/istockphoto; Kais Tolmats/istockphoto; Jeff T. Green/Stringer/Getty Images; dra_schwartz/istockphoto; Leah-Anne Thompson/Fotolia; grandaded/Fotolia; Eric Gevaert/Fotolia; mipan/Fotolia; Brigit Reitz-Hofmann/Fotolia; luoman/istockphoto; Canakris/Fotolia; picsfive/Fotolia; Ed Young/Science photo library; eyami/Fotolia; jeremias münch/Fotolia; Giulio Meinardi/Fotolia; Antonia Reeve/Science Photo Library; Hanna Instruments Ltd; zilli/istockphoto; beta.irri.org; zilli/istockphoto; Peter Galbraith/istockphoto; thelinke/istockphoto; AshleyPickering/istockphoto; Kativ/istockphoto; MorePixels/istockphoto; Patrick Landmann/Science Photo Library; Catarina Toscano, © Fairtrade Foundation, Paul McSherry; Catarina Toscano, © Fairtrade Foundation, Paul McSherry; Catarina Toscano, © Fairtrade Foundation, Paul McSherry; Catarina Toscano, © Fairtrade Foundation, Paul McSherry; Divine Chocolate Kim Naylor/Divine; Divine Chocolate Kim Naylor/Divine; The Cooperative Group; Divine Chocolate Kevin Gould; Divine Chocolate Kim Naylor/Divine; Divine Chocolate Kim Naylor/Divine; Divine Chocolate Kim Naylor/Divine; Catarina Toscano  © Fairtrade Foundation, Paul McSherry Free; enis izgi/istockphoto; Jan Tyler/istockphoto; Juanmonino/istockphoto; Sophia Winters/Fotolia; Feng Yu/istockphoto; visi.stock/Fotolia; Winston Davidian/istockphoto; Jacob Wackerhausen/Fotolia; Winston Davidian/istockphoto; Elke Dennis/istockphoto; broker/Fotolia; Sainsbury’s; Sainsbury’s; Dmitry_Domrachev/istockphoto; Ben Chams/Fotolia; dawn liljenquist/istockphoto; Dmitry_Domrachev/Fotolia; gilles lougassi/Fotolia; L. Shat/Fotolia; Feng Yu/Fotolia; Grigoriy Lukyanov/Fotolia; By kind permission of Hille Education Products; inflate 2009; Vladislav Gurfinkel/istockphoto; Oliver Cannell/istockphoto; Daniel Burch/Fotolia; By kind permission of Hille Education Products; Daniel Burch/Fotolia; Oliver Cannell/istockphoto; picsfive/Fotolia; Vladislav Gurfinkel/istockphoto; Maynard Case/istockphoto; inflate 2009; Huntsman Advanced Materials; Bondloc UK Ltd; Bostik; 2009 Anaheim ICE Management, LLC; Cedar Homes; Roger Smith; Gregory Clapp; Roger Smith; Roger Smith; Frédéric Prochasson/Fotolia; MsNancy/istockphoto; Hugh Gill, Sutton Dinghy Club; Roger Smith; Roger Smith; Davi Sales/Fotolia; Peter Harholdt/CORBIS; AFP/Getty Images; Bertrand Benoit/Fotolia; Sebastian Kaulitzki/Fotolia; V&A Images/Photo Catalogue; V&A Images/Photo Catalogue; DEA/A. DAGLI ORTI; Philadelphia Museum of Art/CORBIS; Philadelphia Museum of Art/CORBIS; dee-jay/istockphoto; Sandra Gligorijevic/Fotolia; mgkaya/istockphoto; sxasher/istockphoto; Sandra Gligorijevic/Fotolia; DNY59/istockphoto; davincidig/istockphoto; PeteG/Fotolia; Gannet77/istockphoto; Stephen McWilliam/Fotolia; Bartlomiej Nowak/Fotolia; Marjanneke de Jong/Fotolia; Oleg Kozlov/Fotolia; Fotosmurf03/istockphoto; hamurishi/Fotolia; GoodMood Photo/Fotolia; kati1313/istockphoto; Sebastian Crocker/Fotolia; DanBrandenburg/istockphoto; Dana S Rothstein/Fotolia; Sophia Winters/Fotolia; lelepado/istockphoto; Luke Pickering/Fotolia; Maurizio Targhetta/Fotolia; asplosh/Fotolia; Duracell; Duracell; Duracell; Roman Milert/Fotolia; LianeM/Fotolia; quayside/Fotolia; Diogo Barbosa/Fotolia; jamalludin din/Fotolia; Ana Vasileva/Fotolia; Jitalia17/istockphoto; PhotoHamster/istockphoto; tinabelle/istockphoto; Marjan Veljanoski/Fotolia; bigrock/Fotolia; Rosie Teasdale; Thames & Kosmos; Tomasz Trojanowski/Fotolia; Arkady Chuykin/Fotolia; Jason Stitt/Fotolia; Ursula Deja/Fotolia; slobo/istockphoto; Dusty Cline/Fotolia; jason duckworth/Fotolia; sonya etchison/Fotolia; Paul Bodea/Fotolia; Hagit Berkovich/Fotolia; chrisboy2004/istockphoto; eanpictures/Fotolia; kasiap/Fotolia; toyretailersassociation.co.uk; Public domain; Dyson Limited; SeymourPowell; Yuri Arcus/Fotolia; SeymourPowell; Astock/Fotolia; SeymourPowell; SeymourPowell; Franck Boston/Fotolia; SeymourPowell; SeymourPowell; SeymourPowell; trend-uk.com; thelinke/istockphoto; djemPhoto/Fotolia; GoodMood Photo/Fotolia; Romanchuck/Fotolia; Still Representation/Fotolia; Mira/Fotolia; pb/Fotolia; Christian Larue/fotolia

Animation: Pauline Parkman; Alessi; Dusi; Tobias Höreth/W.L. Gore & Associates; Brand X Pictures/Fotosearch/ Flat Earth/Fotosearch; W.L. Gore & Associates; jamesbenet/istockphoto; dial-a-view/istockphoto; aoken/istockphoto; Nicholas Homrich/istockphoto; jamesbenet/istockphoto; aoken/istockphoto; Elephant-Audio/istockphoto; audiotrail/istockphoto; ghostaudio/istockphoto; stockmusicsite.com; AlesVeluscek/istockphoto; jacon/istockphoto; JupiterSFX/istockphoto; fajean/istockphoto; Alina555/istockphoto; GeorgeClerk/istockphoto; phleum/istockphoto; sounddogs.com 2009; GeorgeClerk/istockphoto; Alina Solovyova-Vincent/istockphoto; Tim Messick/istockphoto; sounddogs.com 2009

Product analysis exercise: kcline/istockphoto; JoeGough/istockphoto; Joe Gough/istockphoto; Ju-Lee/istockphoto; southsidecannuck/istockphoto; Rob Benkap/istockphoto; maria gritcai/istockphoto; ajt/istockphoto; peanutpie/istockphoto; furabolo/istockphoto; Joe Gough/istockphoto; Michael Gray/istockphoto; felinda/istockphoto; anssi ruuska/istockphoto; pamela hodson/istockphoto; newpi/istockphoto; Bill Fehr/istockphoto; Rob Byron/Fotolia; MBPHOTO/istockphoto; snaptitude/Fotolia; Aleksandr Ugorenkov/Fotolia; NoDerog/istockphoto; Vtls/Fotolia; Doram/istockphoto; Vasko Miokovic/istockphoto; Demonoid/istockphoto; Rafa Irusta/istockphoto; Joan Kimball/istockphoto; Suzifoo/istockphoto; Varyaphoto/istockphoto; Public domain; Copyright of United Biscuits (UK) Limited 2005; Les Cunliffe/Fotolia; Sheffield Hallam University; flexiblelove.com; Martin McCarthy/istockphoto; By kind permission of Wilson Sporting Goods Co; jamalludin din/Fotolia; Okea/Fotolia; By kind permission of Nano-tex; Floortje/istockphoto; Maurice can der Velden/istockphoto; Charles Schug/istockphoto; mammamaart/istockphoto; R.Bauer objectifs.de/Fotolia; Konstantin Sutyagin/Fotolia; R.Bauer objectifs.de/Fotolia; Sanphire/Fotolia; Fertnig/Fotolia; Tomasz Pietryszek/istockphoto; Joan Vicent Cantó/istockphoto; johnnyscriv/istockphoto; BlackJack3D/istockphoto; Martin McCarthy/istockphoto; Olivier Blondeau/istockphoto; sweetym/istockphoto; Oez/istockphoto; travis manley/istockphoto; ranplett/istockphoto

Presentation: morganl/istockphoto; Conagrafoods; Yakult; Nikolay Suslov/istockphoto; Goodness Direct; WingYip; Viktor/Fotolia; Denise Torres/istockphoto; Fayrefield; Weetabix Limited; GoodnessDirect; OPSI/Food Standards Agency, Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and Queen's Printer for Scotland; Julián Rovagnati/Fotolia; raphotography/Fotolia; enens/Fotolia; Mert Akarca/Fotolia; Floortje/istockphoto; Monika Adamczyk/Fotolia; egal/Fotolia; dethchimo/Fotolia; Beatrice Preve/Fotolia; Goodness Direct; Sainsbury’s; Danny Hooks/Fotolia; Kallo Foods; Sainsbury’s; Dr Oetker; Schwarts; Joe Gough/istockphoto; Sainsbury’s; Goodness Direst; Waitrose; Shcheglov/istockphoto; thelinke/istockphoto; Kishano/Shutterstock; pictafolio/istockphoto; ExQuisine/Fotolia; Goodfella’s; Viktor/Fotolia; dlerick/istockphoto; Liz McCorkle/istockphoto; hans slegers/istockphoto; Rohit Seth/istockphoto; Michael_at_isp/istockphoto; Luciana Bueno Santos/istockphoto; Andrea Skjold/istockphoto; Night and Day Images/Fotolia; Liv Friis-larsen/Fotolia; Tamashy/Fotolia; Ruth Black/istockphoto; Ruth Black/istockphoto; adisa/istockphoto; anshuca/Fotolia; William Higgins/Fotolia; Manuela Weschke/istockphoto; Janis Dreosti/istockphoto; Darren Fisher/istockphoto; ac_bnphotos/istockphoto; Monika Adamczyk/istockphoto; Paul Cowan/istockphoto; schmidtchen/Fotolia; Jolanta Dabrowska/istockphoto; Chris Elwell/istockphoto; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Mike Neale/Fotolia; Harris Shiffman/Fotolia; Beryl Armstrong/Fotolia; evgenyb/Fotolia; Joe Gough/istockphoto; Laurent Renault/Fotolia; Paul Cowan/istockphoto; Vasko Miokovic/istockphoto; Cinmeria/istockphoto; Divulgação Petrobras / ABr - Agência Brasil; terrific-traffic.com/blog; jaynemccoysblog.wordpress.com; treehugger.com; Forestry Stewardship Council; ricardo azoury/istockphoto; Tina/Fotolia; james steidl/istockphoto; Robert Ellis/istockphoto; Rtimages/istockphoto; Stelios Filippou/Fotolia; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; ricardo azoury/istockphoto; Izaokas Sapiro/Fotolia; clu/istockphoto; Dainis Derics/istockphoto; Huriye AKINCI IRIYARI/istockphoto; Plus/istockphoto; Harald Soehngen/Fotolia; silver chopsticks/Fotolia; Scott Jantzen/istockphoto; Joan Vicent Cantó Roig/istockphoto; www.tetrapak.com; David Crockett Photography/Alamy; Tan Kian Khoon/istockphoto; Public domain; Wellmoney/istockphoto; bighighcatering.com.au; ojiya balloon festival; itsallgood/Fotolia; schlol/istockphoto; Brent Robbins/istockphoto; ZTS/Fotolia; Webeye/Fotolia; Sapsiwai/istockphoto; fotoVoyager/istockphoto; vm/istockphoto; KathyGould/istockphoto; olikim/istockphoto; ChrisSteer/istockphoto; Alessi; TACrafts/istockphoto; starfish123/istockphoto; mevans/istockphoto; Luso/istockphoto; peregrina/istockphoto; Osuleo/istockphoto; Kamaga/istockphoto; alohaspirit/istockphoto; sculpies/istockphoto; Divulgação Petrobras / ABr - Agência Brasil; DNY59/istockphoto; Oez/istockphoto; hocus-focus/istockphoto; PhotoHamster/istockphoto

Case study: Sergey Lavrentev; zveiger alexandre/istockphoto; Adrian Albritton/istockphoto; Chris Schmidt/istockphoto; Andreas Reh/istockphoto; villiers/istockphoto; Dori Oconnell/istockphoto; Mark Hatfield/istockphoto; Stephan Zabel/istockphoto; Sean Locke/istockphoto; Thornton's; Brian Toro/istockphoto; ALEAIMAGE/istockphoto; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Cato-Symonds, Shaun/Stock Food UK; Springfield Gallery; FoodPhotogr. Eising/Stock Food UK; Teubner Foodfoto/Stock Food UK; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Pete Saloutos/Fotolia; Photoroller/Fotolia; Jana Kunz/istockphoto; bbcgoodfood.com; ALEAIMAGE/istockphoto; Stockfood; amoceptum/istockphoto; Stockfood

Video case study: James Ferrie/istockphoto; Avesun/istockphoto; enis izgi/istockphoto; Lise Gagne/istockphoto; Alenate/istockphoto; Ivan Bajic/istockphoto; Ivan Stevanovic/istockphoto; d3o; Daniel Bujack/Fotolia; grandaded/Fotolia; rekemp/istockphoto

Interactive activity: erwinova/Fotolia; Onidji/Fotolia; Alex White/Fotolia; Dusty Cline/Fotolia; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; michaeljung/Fotolia; Eimantas Buzas/Fotolia; tacojim/istockphoto

Worksheet: Nikolai Sorokin/Fotolia; Gabor Izso/Istockphoto; Iconicinteriors; Bang & Olufson; d3o; Darko Zivkovic/Fotolia; fredrocko/istockphoto; Materio/istockphoto; GlassEyeStock/istockphoto; honda vita/Fotolia; Kushnirov Avraham/Fotolia; princessdlaf/istockphoto; ktsimage/stockphoto; pixhook/istockphoto; DanBrandenburg/istockphoto; Leonid Tit/Fotolia; redbaron/Fotolia; Sophia Winters/Fotolia; LUNAMARINA/Fotolia; cs333/Fotolia; knorre/istockphoto; cartoonart/Fotolia; homegrowngraphics/istockphoto; billyPhoto/istockphoto; winterling/istockphoto; skodonnell/istockphoto; ChrisMR/istockphoto; mipan/istockphoto; ArchMen/istockphoto; Forest Stewardship Council United Kingdom; Andy445/istockphoto; Pantek Arts

Assessment: Catarina Toscano, © Fairtrade Foundation, Paul McSherry; Onidji/Fotolia; Erbauer; Ridgid; Dyson Limited

On your marks: British Standard Institute; objectsforall/Fotolia; Stocksnapper/fotolia; Andrewcam/Fotolia; Jitalia17/istockphoto; pavlen/istockphoto; anna/Fotolia; D. Hurst/Alamy; stocksnapper/istockphoto; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Daria Filiminova/Fotolia; British Standard institute; Chris Dodd; Hugh O’Neill/Fotolia; Ben Chams/Fotolia; British Standard Institute; picsfive/Fotolia; webphotographeer/istockphoto; Andrew Howe/istockphoto; Cory Thomna/Fotolia; picsfive/Fotolia; webphotographeer/istockphoto; Andrew Howe/istockphoto; Cory Thoman/Fotolia; Igor Pankin/Fotolia; Sergej Razvodovskij/Fotolia; Ian Fawcett; Paulo Neres/Fotolia; Uriy Badaev/Fotolia; Carlos Caetano/Fotolia; sqback/istockphoto; Ivinst/istockphoto; rekemp/istockphoto; Sergey Khodorkovskiy/Fotolia; Mark Stay/istockphoto; antoinette ireton/Fotolia; Elena Schweitzer/istockphoto; Glenda Powers/istockphoto; Denise Smit/istockphoto; Donall O Cleirigh/istockphoto; Jill Chen/istockphoto; Alexander Sherstobitov/istockphoto

Audio by: Clocktower Creative (www.clocktowercreative.co.uk)

Commissioned video by: MTJ Media (www.mtjmedia.com); Nathaniel Productions; Footstep Productions (www.footstep-productions.com)

Illustrations by: 3T; Offshore; Oxford University Press

Source code, interface design, animations and interactives © Oxford University Press 2014

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

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International

 

Business for Cambridge International AS & A Level CD

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Caribbean Environment for CSEC® Geography CD

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Caribbean Studies for CAPE® CD

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Communication Studies for CAPE® CD

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Complete English as a Second Language for Cambridge Secondary 1 Student Book 9

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We are grateful to the authors and publishers for use of extracts from their titles and in particular for the following:

Anita Desai: The Village by the Sea, published by Puffin Books and Heinemann Young Books. Copyright © Anita Desai, 1982. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Rogers, Coleridge & White Ltd., 20 Powis Mews, London W11 1JN and the Penguin Random House Group.

‘Ash Dykes reveals all about his solo walk across Mongolia’ from http://www.adventuretravelmagazine.co.uk. Reproduced by permission.

Jessie Hartland: From Steve Jobs: Insanely Great. Artwork copyright © 2015 Jessie Hartland published by Virgin Books. Used by permission of Schwartz & Wade Books, an imprint of Random House Children's Books, a division of Penguin Random House LLC, Penguin Random House Australia Pty Ltd and The Random House Group Limited. All rights reserved.

‘Celebrity Spotlight: Jessica Watson’ – Get Ahead Kids, Vol. 5, No. 1 January/February 2013. Reproduced by permission of Andrew Frazer.

Adapted extract from National Geographic Kids, http://www.ngkids.co.uk/history/roman-villadiscovered-wiltshire-garden. Reproduced by permission.

Fred C Kelly: The Wright Brothers: A Biography (1989), Harcourt Brace & Company. Reproduced by permission of Dover Publications. Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Complete ICT for Cambridge IGCSE® Teacher Pack (Second Edition) CD

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Complete Computer Science for Cambridge IGCSE® & O Level Kerboodle

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The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Ppart/Shutterstock; Nikkytok/Shutterstock; Leo photo/Shutterstock; Christophe Testi; TK Studio/Shutterstock; Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock; Gun/Shutterstock; Kitch Bain/Shutterstock; Art_Photo/Shutterstock; D. Hurst; kornik/Shutterstock; Tele52/Shutterstock; Filatov Alexey/Shutterstock; Alison Page; David Waters; Howard Lincoln.

Artwork by Q2A Media Pvt. Ltd. and OUP.

 

Economics for Cambridge International AS & A Level CD

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Essential Chemistry for Cambridge IGCSE® CD

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Essential Physics for Cambridge IGCSE® CD

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Geography for Cambridge International AS & A Level CD

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Human and Social Biology for CSEC® CD

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IB Sciences Online Resources

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The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Animations produced by Gareth Clarke Design & Illustration (Transport in plants, Mass spectrometry, Newton’s laws of motion and the conservation of momentum, Eukaryotic cell structure, How are sugars synthesized and broken down?, Semi-conservative DNA replication) and Slurpy Studios (all others).

The publisher would like the thank the International Baccalaureate Organization for permission to reproduce its intellectual property.

IB Biology Kerboodle

Authors:

Jose Azcue

Frances Cook

David Mindorff

Dawn Norton

Linda Rogers

Photos: STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; HERVE CONGE, ISM/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MAURO FERMARIELLO/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; DEPT. OF CLINICAL CYTOGENETICS, ADDENBROOKES HOSPITAL/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; DR KEITH WHEELER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; JUERGEN BERGER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; THIERRY BERROD, MONA LISA PRODUCTION/ SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; DR. RICHARD KESSEL & DR. GENE SHIH, VISUALS UNLIMITED /SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; Public Domain/Wikipedia; Andrew Allot/OUP; EYE OF SCIENCE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ALFRED PASIEKA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Artwork by Six Red Marbles and Digiv8

IB Chemistry Kerboodle

Authors:

Sergey Bylikin

Romy Friedman

Renata Fogaça

Carol Jordan

Teofilius Kilmonis

María Muñiz Valcárcel

Cheryl Paricio

David Tarcy

Photos: OUP

Artwork by Six Red Marbles and Digiv8

IB Physics Kerboodle

Authors:

Allen Brown

Janet Custard

Mark Headlee

Mark Power

Photos: © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; © Corbis; LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; GORONWY TUDOR JONES, UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; DR ROBERT FRIEDLAND/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Artwork by Six Red Marbles and Digiv8

 

IB DP Economics Course Companion 2020 Edition

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The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

The publisher and authors would like to thank the following for permission to use photographs and other copyright material:

Photo by Peter Probst/Alamy Stock Photo.

Videos courtesy of The International Monetary Fund (IMF); OECD (2015), Opportunity and equality for all? (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T_AEBZK427I); Kate Raworth/ The RSA (https://www.thersa.org/disclaimer); Tell a New Story/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Tom Lee (www.rocket-visual.co.uk); Nurture Human Nature/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Jonny Lawrence at vimedy.com; Get Savvy With Systems/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Ainslie Henderson, Michael Hughes, Will Anderson; Sound design: Keith Duncan; Design to Distribute/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Mighty Oak; Sound Design: Keith Duncan; Create to Regenerate/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Ainslie Henderson; Compositing: Will Anderson; Sound design: Keith Duncan; Be Agnostic About Growth/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Tom Lee at Rocket-Visual; Sound Design: Keith Duncan; Change the Goal/Doughnut Economics Action Lab, Voice: Kate Raworth; Animation: Jonny Lawrence at vimedy.com.

Artwork by Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd and UNDP 2019, http://hdr.undp.org.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders of material reproduced in this book. Any omissions will be rectified in subsequent printings if notice is given to the publisher.

 

IB DP Theory of Knowledge Course Companion 2020 Edition

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The publisher and authors would like to thank the following for permission to use photographs and other copyright material:

Photos: Bijker, Wiebe E., Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs, Cover image, © 1995 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, by permission of The MIT Press; Jean Marc Cote, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons; oneinchpunch/Shutterstock; Joy Buolamwini; Creative Commons License: cc-by-nc-nd; © City for All Women Initiative (CAWI), Ottawa; Janos Levente/Shutterstock; Wavebreak Media Ltd/123RF; Gareth Boden/OUP Owned; Krakenimages.com/Shutterstock.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders of material reproduced in this book. Any omissions will be rectified in subsequent printings if notice is given to the publisher.

Integrated Science for CSEC® 2nd Edition CD

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Physics in Context for Cambridge International AS & A Level 2nd Edition CD

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The publisher would like to thank Cambridge International Examinations for their kind permission to reproduce past paper questions. Cambridge International Examinations bears no responsibility for the example answers to questions taken from its past question papers which are contained in this publication.

Unless otherwise indicated, the questions, example answers, marks awarded, and comments that appear in this title were written by the author. In examination, the way marks are awarded to answers like these may be different.

Artwork by Greengate and OUP.

Tricolore 4 5e édition Exam Skills for Cambridge IGCSE®

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The publisher and authors would like to thank the following for permission to use photographs and other copyright material:

Cover: Fotosearch/Getty Images; p7: iStockphoto; p15: Shutterstock; p23(t): Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain; p23(b): Hulton Archive/Getty Images; p46: Pictorial Press Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo; p73: africa924/Shutterstock.

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Literacy (whole-school)

Living Literacy

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

French: OUP/Brent Hofacker/Shutterstock; OUP/Viktor Fischer; Charlie Abad/ Photo Non Stop/ Glow Images; Masterfile; Bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; QQ7/Shutterstock; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock; Sebastien Cailleux/Corbis

Geography: Planetary Visions Ltd/Science Photo Library; Douglas Peebles Photography/Alamy; Raine Vara/Alamy; Yadid Levy/Alamy; Phil MacD Photography/Shutterstock; Getty Images/AFP; 123dartist/Shutterstock; Albert Barr/Shutterstock; solarseven/Shutterstock; MARK GARLICK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Teodor Ostojic/Shutterstock; leonello calvetti/Shutterstock; Dr_Flash/Shutterstock; Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; Goran Bogicevic/Shutterstock; Ian Shaw/Alamy; beibaoke/Shutterstock; marla dawn studio/Shutterstock; Andrew Fox/Alamy; Clint Spencer/iStock; Anneka/Shutterstock; Kathy deWitt/Alamy; © DBURKE/Alamy; © Ivan Vdovin/Alamy; KeystoneUSA-ZUMA/REX; © ADRIAN BRADSHAW/epa/Corbis; © Sean Gallagher/National Geographic Society/Corbis; © Nie Jianjiang/Xinhua Press/Corbis; © Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy

History: Simon Haynes/Oxford University Press

Science: Andreas Herpens/iStockphoto; Jean Frooms/iStockphoto; scibak/iStockphoto; wragg/iStockphoto; davidf/iStockphoto; Arsgera/iStockphoto; Elena Schweitzer/Shutterstock; Alex Belomlinsky/iStockphoto; dlewis33/iStockphoto; Zack Frank/Shutterstock

Text types: National Library of Scotland; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; Museum of London; © Glasshouse Images/Alamy; © Lordprice Collection/Alamy; Image Courtesy of The Advertising Archives; © STAFF/Reuters/Corbis; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; Mary Evans/Everett Collection; Mirrorpix; Mary Evans Picture Library/Onslow Auctions Limited; Used under the Open Government License, courtesy of the National Archives

We are grateful to the following for permission to reprint copyright material:

Public sector information is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v2.0

Mark Bostridge and T J Brittain-Caitlin, literary executors for the Estate of Vera Brittain 1970 for extract from letter from Vera Brittain to her mother, December 1917 from Letters from a Lost Generation: First World War Letters of Vera Brittain and Four Friends edited by Alan Bishop and Mark Bostridge (Virago, 2008).

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Guardian News and Media Ltd for extracts from ‘How to Mend a Puncture’, The Guardian, 3 March 2007, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2007; Editorial: ‘The Guardian view on the First World War commemorations’, theguardian.com, 5 Aug 2014, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2014; ‘Indian Parliament hires monkey impersonators to resolve order’ by Anu Anand, theguardian.com, 1 Aug 2014, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2014; ‘Hi cutie! Meeting baby pandas in China’ by Hadley Freeman, theguardian.com, 3 May 2014, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2014; and ‘Rosa Parks: Obituary’ by Sheila Rowbotham, The Guardian, 25 Oct 2005, copyright © Guardian News and Media Ltd 2005

Mirror Syndication International for extract from ‘Teenage Musician loaned rare Stradivarius violin worth 1 million’ by Christina Savvas, The Mirror, 3 Aug 2014, copyright © Mirrorpix 2014.

Oxfam GB for extract from press release about the first Humanitarian Ambassador  by Christine Wilkinson, 19 August 2014.

Oxford University Press for extract from Renaissance, Revolution and Reformation: 1509-1745 by Aaron Wilkes (OUP, 2014), copyright © Oxford University Press 2014.

Saga Magazine for extract from ‘Margaret Thatcher: Saga Magazines 1998 Interview’ by Douglas Keay, Saga, 9 April 2013.

Sir Anthony Seldon for extracts from 'Five Things I Have Learned' by Anthony Seldon, published on BBC News website, 23 April 2011.

Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge for extract from Captain Scott’s Diary of Thursday, March 29 th 1912.

Telegraph Media Group Ltd for letter to the Telegraph: ‘Don’t muddle fish and flowers in the market’ from Lt Col Paul French, Daily Telegraph, 14 March 2014, copyright © Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2014.

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Mathematics

AQA GCSE Maths Online Resources

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Discovering Mathematics

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Discovering Mathematics Student Book 1A, 1B, 1C, 2B and 2C

Kerboodle Acknowledgements

 

The publishers would like to thank Star Publishing Pte Ltd for animations and production of the Chapter Opener Videos; Haremi for producing the Try It! videos; Ann Lui and Katie Wood for authoring the Workbook Fully-worked Solutions; and Katie Wood, Ian Bettison and Mat Taylor for authoring the Online Skills Tests and End of Chapter Tests and Mark Schemes.

 

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

 

1A, 1B and 1C Cover photo: Steve Bloom Images/Alamy Stock Photo

2B and 2C Cover photo: Matt Anderson Photography/Getty Images

 

1A Chapter opener videos:

Chapter 1: Young female customer shopping in fashion mall, Fulltimegipsy/Shutterstock; Knitted hand made change purse produced in Honduras Central America, rj lerich/Shutterstock; Jacket and shirt, Star Publishing; Chapter 2: Selection of cakes, CKP1001/Shutterstock; Happy Asian boy counting coins from piggy bank, sirikorn thamniyom/Shutterstock; Coin jar isolated on white, Alex Helin/Shutterstock; Illustration of sweet baked vector isolated cakes set, AnutaBerg/Shutterstock; Chapter 3: Marathon runners in back shot, Gemini Create/Shutterstock; Oxford Half Marathon 2017, http://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/15583519.IN_PICTURES__Relive_the__biggest_and_best__Oxford_Half_Marathon/#gallery23; Chapter 4: Blank newspaper headline, eyeldea/Shutterstock; A man holding screen shot of Apple music app showing on iPhone 6 Plus, mirtmirt/Shutterstock; Girl holding iPhone 6 Space Gray with Spotify on the screen, Denys Prykhodov/Shutterstock; Chapter 5: 3D Rendering of modern kitchen in a loft, 2M Media/Shutterstock; Kitchen Weight Scale with Flour Measure, gst/Shutterstock; Chapter 6: Fresh cut flowers and arrangements in florist shop, Vnik/Shutterstock; Flowers for sale in a market stall, whitemay/iStock; Chapter 7: Tourists on The Mall as flags line the famous avenue, London, Tim M/Shutterstock; British flag waving in the wind against a clear blue sky, OrigiStock/Shutterstock; Flag of the United Kingdon vector, Gil C/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: High power green laser pen which poses a security problem especially for air traffic, Robin Lund/Shutterstock; Surgeon team in uniform in front of eye vision surgery operation room, Dimitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock; Laser beam from lab laser, Doug McLean/Shutterstock; Lights show, Alexey Lesik/Shutterstock; Young woman worker with laser on the building site, Halfpoint/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: Butterfly species Junonia Almana “Peacock Pansy”, Winning7799/Shutterstock; Peacock Pansy (junonia almana, javana) beautiful orange butterfly, Super Prin/Shutterstock; A fresh and clean view of Taj Mahal at sunrise, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, Nicole Kwiatkowski/Shutterstock; An old windmill in the countryside of Moidrey, Normandy, France, Paolo G/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: Landscape with empty linden alley in the park, Alex_Po/Shutterstock; Bicycle icon, Panda Vector/Shutterstock; Chapter 11: 2010s: The Space Shuttle Atlantis lifts off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, Rick Ray/Shutterstock; Apollo Saturn V Facilities Test vehicle rolling out of the Vehicle Assembly Building, Everett Historical/Shutterstock; Cape Canaveral, Floride – February 17, 2017, Aerial view of complex of NASA, Nadezda Murmakova/Shutterstock; Apollo 11 Rollout, NASA GOV/ https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/apollo_11_rollout-1.jpg; Chapter 12: Charts and graphs loop: seamless animation loop of various bar graphs, line graphs and pie chart, E. Rocka/Shutterstock; Hand is filling form with yes and no checkboxes, vchal/Shutterstock; Pictogram, zzveillust/Shutterstock.

 

1B and 1C Chapter opener videos:

Chapter 1: Magnifying Glass Over A Road Map Of London, Mr Doomits/Shutterstock; Greenwich Park, London, Nadila Gerbish/Shutterstock; Chapter 2: The Desert Landscape, StanislavBeloglazov/Shutterstock; Badain Jaran desert. North China. Inner Mongolia. Gobi desert, Marcin Szymczak/Shutterstock; Thermometer Infographic, ChalidMGM/Shutterstock; Camel Caravan Train Passing the Gobi Desert, Openfinal/Shutterstock; Chapter 3: Urban Scene Rush Hour, London, England, SevArt/Shutterstock; Car Graphic Vector, Star Publishing; Chapter 4: Blank Newspaper Headline, eyeldea/Shutterstock; Apple music app showing on iPhone 6 plus, mirtmirt/Shutterstock; a iPhone 6 Space Gray with Spotify on the screen, Denys Prykhodov/Shutterstock; Chapter 5: 3D Rendering of modern kitchen in a loft, 2M Media/Shutterstock; Flour Sack Vector, Anisa Rizqi/Shutterstock; Kitchen Weight Scale with Flour Measure, gst/Shutterstock; Chapter 6: Red Running Track on the Athletic Stadium, Photo_DDD/Shutterstock; Vector Electronic Stopwatch, komer/Shutterstock; Digital Clock Full 24h Time-lapse, photoart985/Shutterstock; Barcelona, Spain – July 27: Christophe Lemaitre (center) competes on the Men 100 m during the 20th European Athletics Championships at the Olympic Stadium, Natursports/Shutterstock; Usain Bolt of Jamaica in the 12th IAAF World Championships in Athletics, Andrey Yurlov/Shutterstock; Chapter 7: Sale Signs in Shop Window at London – January 15, Bikeworldtravel/Shutterstock; Set of Artistic Minimal Universal Card Templates in Memphis Style, Zebra Finch/Shutterstock; Trendy Coat on Hanger, Star Publishing; Chapter 8: Paris, Ile-de-France – December 3, 2017, Roberto Evangelisti/Shutterstock; Beautiful View of the Louvre on a Cloudy Winter, Dennis van de Water/Shutterstock; The Louvre at Night, S-F/Shutterstock; Time lapse of The Louvre Museum circa October 2012 in Paris, France, stockelements/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: Amusement Park Carousel with Beautifully Painted Wooden Horses, London, Peter Adams Photography/Shutterstock; Icons set about Amusement Park, Orxan Bagirli/Shutterstock; Fun Carnival at Night, jakerbreaker2/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: Emmental Cheese, Real PIX/Shutterstock; Cheese Vector Graphic, Star Publishing; Chapter 11: A Green Beautiful Planted Tropical Freshwater Aquarium, S-F/Shutterstock; Water Tank, Star Publishing; Happy Scuba Diver Swimming Over the Coral Reef, mobomobo/Shutterstock; Chapter 12: People on Bridge During The Rush Hour, Stock4KVideo/Shutterstock; People on Bridge During The Rush Hour, Star Publishing; Woman Filling Up Form in Clinic, Olena Yakobchuk/Shutterstock; Census Form and Man in House Vector Graphic, Star Publishing; Office for National Statistics: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/articles/overviewoftheukpopulation/mar2017

 

2A Chapter opener videos

Chapter 1: The Desert Landscape, StanislavBeloglazov/Shutterstock; Badain Jaran desert. North China. Inner Mongolia. Gobi desert, Marcin Szymczak/Shutterstock; Thermometer Infographic, ChalidMGM/Shutterstock; Camel Caravan Train Passing the Gobi Desert, Openfinal/Shutterstock; Chapter 2: 50 Pounds note envelope, By New Vibe/Shutterstock; Happy Smiling Girl Blowing Candles out on her Birthday Cake, Gorodenkoff/Shutterstock; Angelfish - Amazon fish, Andre Cecim/Shutterstock; A Guppy fish is seen in an aquarium. Guppies are the most common species in the world-wide aquarium trade, Bilgin S Sasmaz/Shutterstock; Neon Tetra Paracheirodon innesi freshwater tropical fish isolated on white, Mirko Rosenau/Shutterstock; Blank labels template price tags set vector, JMCM/Shutterstock; Chapter 3: Father And Children Baking Cakes In Kitchen Together, Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Raw dough for cupcake in baking tray closeup, morrowlight/Shutterstock; Vector drawing of a glass Lab container, Natsmith1/Shutterstock; Sweet cupcakes set with cream and berries, Inspiring/Shutterstock; Chapter 4: Filling car with gas fuel at station pump, aastock/Shutterstock; Petrol Signage/Star Publishing; Chapter 5: Generic yellow admission ticket isolated on white, Brian A. Jackson/Shutterstock; 4K Drone Shot of Blackpool Pleasure Beach and Ferris Wheel, thelastearthworm/Shutterstock; Chapter 6: Summer Sale banner with pieces of ripe fruit, bright design, Zakharchenko Anna; Game console icon in cartoon style isolated on white background, Rvector; Chapter 7: Cinema watch movie theater empty screen template mockup concept. Group people sitting before blank, DRogatnev/Shutterstock; Two retro cinema tickets, Duda Vasilii/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: Young man athlete legs running up stairs training intense cardio workout exercise male runner feet jogging on steps in urban city background slow motion, Aila Images/Shutterstock; Bright colorful sneakers isolated on white background, ksana 777/Shutterstock; Piggy bank with coin vector illustration, VikiVector/Shutterstock; Months calendar web buttons, three-dimensional rendering, 3D illustration, Oakozhan/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: green snooker table, Naypong Studio; slow motion of man playing snooker hit a target ball into the corner pocket – snooker sport closeup concept, Pair Srinrat/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: Vector seamless pattern. Modern stylish texture with monochrome trellis. Repeating geometric triangular grid. Simple graphic design. Trendy hipster sacred geometry, Curly Pat/Shutterstock. Chapter 11: Set of packaging, pakowacz/Shutterstock; Large set of different present and gift boxes. Colorful packaging with ribbon bow isolated on white background. Gift in paper bag, MoonRock/Shutterstock; Chapter 12: Business Report Analytics Analysis Statistics Concept, Rawpixel.com/Shutterstock; Antique book stack isolated on white background, LanKS/Shutterstock.

 

2B and 2C Chapter opener videos:

Chapter 1: Rio de Janeiro Brazil. Aerial 360 view of Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, marchello74/Shutterstock; Chapter 2: moon satellite around the planet Earth in the outer space, Ianm36/Shutterstock; Stars and Galaxies, Colorful space background: nebulas, stars, comets, NIMEDIA/Shutterstock; Earth rotating, The World Spinning, stockelements/Shutterstock; Chapter 3: Large iceberg adrift in the Arctic, Spotmatik Ltd/Shutterstock; iceberg with underwater view taken in Greenland, posteriori/Shutterstock; Chapter 4: Brexit – United Kingdom referendum on leaving European Union motion graphic animation, Wangbar/Shutterstock; Townbridge, UK – May 5, 2016: View of a polling station entrance, 1000 Words/Shutterstock; Chapter 5: Albert Einstein in his office at the University of Berlin, c1920, Alpha Historica/Alamy; engineer at computers in control room of nuclear power station, Juice Images/Alamy; Chapter 6: farming couple feeding sheep as they graze in the field, Helen Fields Hotelfoxtrot/Shutterstock; shearing sheep, Rotislav Kral/Shutterstock; scales icon, tatianasun/Shutterstock; weight kilogram icon, KASUE/Shutterstock; knotted sack, VectorPlotnikoff/Shutterstock; Chapter 7: stormy night on the open sea, DMG Vision/Shutterstock; Very high detailed map of the world in Robinson projection with graticule, Alfonso de Tomas/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: green aloe succulent plant, dashingstock/Shutterstock; Agave plant. Full frame. Hawaii, Maui, USA, Shulevskyy Volodymyr/Shutterstock; agave victoriae-reginae, Eblis/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: Machu Picchu - View from behind the wall, Dirtymono/Shutterstock; Machu Picchu, was designed Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983, Ecaudaorpostales/Shutterstock; detail of Inca wall in the ancient city of Machu Picchu, Peru, Jeroe Stubbs/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: Parisian mansard roof in form of trapezium, HUANG Zheng/Shutterstock; Chapter 11: female patient talking to doctor before MRI scan, ALPA PROD/Shutterstock; X ray of brain, Jullius/Shutterstock; three head views of MIR scan, zol studios/Shutterstock; medical team operating computers in CT scan lab for head section, anekoho/Shutterstock; Chapter 12: field of sunflowers, Jproduction/Shutterstock; sunflower plant in a terracotta pot isolated against white, Richard Griffin/Shutterstock.

 

1A Online Skills Tests:

Chapter 7: Cars, Rawpixel.com/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: Scissors, MNI/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: Roundabout sign, art designer/Shutterstock; Swiss flag, ALEKSA2013/Shutterstock; Smiley emoji, Alzay/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: Block of wood, cristi180884/Shutterstock.

 

1B and 1C Online Skills Tests:

Chapter 9: Silhouette of horse/Oxford University Press; Small tropical island, surrounded by water, Sarah Holmlund/Shutterstock; Aldabra giant tortoise, Vladimir Wrangel/Shutterstock; Radiation sign, Minerva Studio/Shutterstock; Jamaican flag, amorfati.art/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: Clock, Terri & Joe Chicko/Oxford University Press; Disco ball, Nerthuz/Shutterstock; Pizza, Lindsay Edwards/Oxford University Press; Chapter 11: Kelloggs cereal boxes, urbanbuzz/Shutterstock.

 

1C Online Skills Tests

Chapter 6: 10p coin, Adam Gilchrist/Shutterstock; 2p coin, Adam Gilchrist/Shutterstock

 

1A End of Chapter Tests

(a)Chapter 9: ballerina, Prostock-studio/Shutterstock; plate of fruit, Ekaterina Oleshko/Shutterstock; photo of kitten, arvitalyaa/Shutterstock; road signs, art designer/Shutterstock; propeller, MSSA/Shutterstock;

(b) Chapter 5: cans, Apl56/Shutterstock; Adam Gilchrist/Shutterstock; Chapter 7: apples, orange and bananas, Tom K Photo/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: peace sign, Leftleg/Shutterstock; wood, donatas1205/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: peace symbol, Pro Symbols/Shutterstock; danger sign, Standard Studio/Shutterstock; pharamacy sign, Martial Red/Shutterstock.

 

1B/1C End of Chapter Tests

(a) Chapter 9: pharmacy sign, Zoart Studio/Shutterstock; level-crossing sign, Duda Vasilii/Shutterstock; flag of Denmark, Maximumvector/Shutterstock; flag of Japan, Pavlo Lys/Shutterstock; toy car, Shutterstock; (b) Chapter 9: silhouette of figure skater, Orlio/Shutterstock; African landscape, SW_Stock/Shutterstock; stamp, Andy Lidstone/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: alarm clock, Nadezda/Shutterstock; OUP ANZ/Lindsay Edwards; Chapter 11:Vazan/Shutterstock.

 

2B and 2C End of Chapter Tests:

Chapter 2: baby in cot, Jiri Hera/Shutterstock.

 

1A Workbook Solutions

Chapter 5: p2(T): Picsfive/Shutterstock; p2(B): LightField Studios/Shutterstock; p3(L,M) Hue Ta/Shutterstock; p3(R): Sokya/Shutterstock; Chapter 7: p1(TL): Africa Studio/Shutterstock; p1(TC): Kateryna Bibro/Shutterstock; p1(ML) Andrey Armyagov/Shutterstock; p1(MC): Christopher Elwell/Shutterstock; p1(TR): tn-prints/Shutterstock; p1(BL) kontur-vid/Shutterstock; p1(BR) kontur-vid/Shutterstock; p3: Nataliia Pyzhova/Shutterstock; Review 2:  p2 (L): Olaf Holland/Shutterstock; p2(R): PCHT/Shutterstock;  Chapter 8: p2: Jiang Dao Hua/Shutterstock; p4: DenisNata/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: p2(TL): Olexiy Bayev/Shutterstock; p2(CL): Giovanni G/Shutterstock; p2(BL): Africa Studio/Shutterstock; p2(TR): Kao-Ien/Shutterstock; p2(CR): JOJOSTUDIO/Shutterstock; p2(BR): Butterfly Hunter/Shutterstock; p6(TR): Magic Pasta/Shutterstock; p6(BL) Kilroy79/Shutterstock; p6(b); p6(CL) Rufat Khamed/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: p5: Sergey Sikharulidze/Shutterstock; Chapter 12: p4: Oxford University Press ANZ; Review Exercise 3: p1: YAKOBCHUK VIACHESLAV/Shutterstock, p3(T): koya979/Shutterstock; p3(B): HelloRF Zcool/Shutterstock.

 

1B Workbook Solutions

Chapter 6: p1: Ivn3da/Shutterstock; p5: JIANG HONGYAN/Shutterstock; p8(T): Africa Studio/Shutterstock; p8(B): Africa Studio/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: p1: Chris102/Shutterstock, p2: Non C/Shutterstock; p4(L): Jiang Dao Hua; p4(R): Scisseti Alfio/Shutterstock; p7: Navin Tar/Shutterstock; p8: Yulia Glam/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: p1(a): Thor Jorgen Udvang/Shutterstock; p1(b): Mny-Jhee/Shutterstock; p1(c): Nd3000/Shutterstock; p1(d): Sainthorant Daniel/Shutterstock; p3(T): VikOI/Shutterstock; p3(C): Donatas1205/Shutterstock; p3(B): Arve Bettum/Shutterstock; p4: Rvlsoft/Shutterstock; p5: Iconvectorstock/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: p7: Marek Szumlas/Shutterstock; Review 3: p4: VectorShow/Shutterstock.

 

1C Workbook Solutions

Chapter 3: p11: Ever/Shutterstock; Chapter 6: p1(a): Big Foot Productions/Shutterstock; p1(b): Meilun/Shutterstock; p1(c): Cosma/Shutterstock; p1(d): Shiyan Sergiy/Shutterstock; p9: Wlad74/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: p1: Jiang Dao Hua/Shutterstock; p10: Dimedrol168/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: p1(a): De Visu/Shutterstock; p1(b): De Visu/Shutterstock;p1(c): Tsekhminster/Shutterstock; p1(d): Olavs/Shutterstock; p3(a): Vector.design/Shutterstock; p3(b): Olga Drozdova/Shutterstock; p3(c): GLYPHstock/Shutterstock; p3(d): Ivonne Wierink; p6(a): Alexander Mak/Shutterstock; p6(b): Adam Gilchrist/Shutterstock; p6(c): Ober-art/Shutterstock; p6(d): Winner58/Shutterstock; p6(e): Vector illustration/Shutterstock; p6(f): Graphixmania/Shutterstock; p6(g): Tzubasa/Shutterstock; Chapter 10: p7: Filatov Alexey/Shutterstock; p11: Stocksnapper/Shutterstock; Chapter 12: p2: Scisseti Alfio/Shutterstock.

 

2B Workbook Solutions

Photos: Chapter 2: p.6: oversnap/iStock; Chapter 3: p.11 (L): Gemenacom/Shutterstock; p11 (R): Gemenacom/Shutterstock; Review 1: p.1: bumihills/Shutterstock; Chapter 8: p5: Yuliyan Velchev/Shutterstock; Chapter 9: p5: Papriko/Shutterstock; Chapter 11: p1 (T): johavel/Shutterstock; p1 (B): Kolonko/Shutterstock; p2: Africa Studio/Shutterstock; p5: Taku/Shutterstock; p7: Suwichan/Shutterstock; p11: tratong/Shutterstock;

Data: Chapter 12: p2, p4 (T): Office for National Statistics; p4 (B): ukpublicspending.co.uk; p6 (B): Office for National Statistics; Review 3: p3: Office for National Statistics.

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

Edexcel GCSE Maths Online Resources

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

AQA Mathematical Studies Online Resources

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AQA examination questions are reproduced by permission of AQA Education (AQA). AQA accepts no responsibility for the accuracy or method of working in the answers given.

Practice papers, Set Z Paper 2A, 2B and 2C; and Teacher Notes pages 18,19 and 20 contain public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students' use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

The author and publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce material.

Practice papers, Set X Preliminary material Paper 2:

Association of School and College Leaders for extract from 'Resit levy would be an 'own goal'', www.ascl.org.uk, 25 August 2015.

Policy Exchange for extracts from 'Crossing the line', by Natasha Porter, www.policyexchange.org.uk, 25 August 2015.

Practice papers, Set Y Preliminary material Paper 2:

Mirror Syndication International for extracts from 'Outrage as George Osbourne announces cheap sell-off of RBS - 'just like the Royal Mail fiasco'', by Jason Beatiie, The Mirror, 11 June 2015, copyright Mirrorpix 2015.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Practice papers, Set X Preliminary material Paper 1: Maridav/Shutterstock

Practice papers, Set Y Preliminary material Paper 1: The Peel Group Archives

Practice papers, Set Y Preliminary material Paper 2: 360b/Shutterstock

Practice papers, Set Z Preliminary material Paper 2: Suzanne Tucker/Shutterstock

 

Mathematics for the Preparatory Year Programme Online Homework

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Adapted from Mathematics for Matriculation Semester 1 Fourth Edition (ISBN 9789834500160), 2012; Mathematics for Matriculation Semester 2  Fourth Edition (ISBN 9789834504076), 2012; Ace Ahead STPM Text Mathematics S&T Volume 1 Third Edition (ISBN 9789834703417), 2011;  Ace Ahead STPM Text Mathematics T Volume 2 Third Edition (ISBN 9789834703424), 2011; Ace Ahead STPM Text Mathematics T First Term (ISBN 9789834702618), 2012, and  Ace Ahead STPM Text Mathematics (T) Calculus Second Term (ISBN 9789834509828) © Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia

Edited by Anna Cox

Prof. Abdullah Ahmad Abdullah and Dr. Fawaz D. Allohaibi for their consultancy and participation in the publication of this product.

MathsBeat

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The publishers would like to thank the MathsBeat series editors, Mike Askew and Robert Wilne for Years 1­­–4 and Mike Askew and Shannon Keenlyside for Year 5–6, as well as the author team: Helen Laflin, Debbie Streatfield and Janine Blinko for the Year 1 Digital Planners; Rebecca Hamburger, Rachel Rayner and Janine Blinko for the Year 2 Digital Planners; Janine Blinko, Belle Cottingham, Steph King, Rachel Rayner and Derry Richardson for the Year 3 Digital Planners; Janine Blinko, Belle Cottingham, Steph King, Rachel Rayner, Derry Richardson and Shannon Keenlyside for the Year 4 Digital Planners; Janine Blinko, Fiona Crouch, Charlie Harber, Anna Hogg, Rachel Rayner, Hamsa Venkatakrishnan and Shannon Keenlyside for the Year 5 Digital Planners; Fiona Crouch, Janine Blinko, Anna Hogg, Steph King, Rachel Rayner and Hamsa Venkatakrishnan for the Year 6 Digital Planners; Corrinne Fraser for the Year 6 Secondary Progression Digital Planner.

Banner image by Alexey Kuvaldin

Photographs in Year 1 and Year 2 Digital Planners by Emma Lowndes

All other artwork by Anthony Rule and Q2A Media

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their images:

Year 3

Interlocking cubes on Year 3 Term 1 Digital Planner p.133, Steph King; dancers in Y3 U3 W6 Slides - Launch task, Svitlana Holovei/Shutterstock

All other artwork by Anthony Rule and Q2A Media

Year 4

Tangram in Y4 U3 W5 Slides - Learning task 1, Olga Popova/Shutterstock; heart and hands in Y4 U3 W6 Slides - Launch task and Y4 U3 W6 Practice worksheet - Launch task, tai11/Shutterstock; people in circle on Year 4 Term 1 Digital Planner p.117 and in Y4 U3 W6 Slides - Launch task, C11design/Shutterstock; All photos in Year 4 Term 3 © Oxford University Press

All other artwork by Anthony Rule and Q2A Media

Year 5

Photographs in Year 5 Term 1 Digital Planner by Sarah Chappelow

Paper glider in Y5 U11 W7 - Launch task by Charlie Harber; Angel of the North in Y5 U16 W4 - Learning task 1 by Toms Auzins/Shutterstock

All other artwork by Anthony Rule and Q2A Media

Year 6

Photographs in Year 6 Term 3 Digital Planner by Janine Blinko

Tangram in Y6 U15 W9 - Launch task, Olga Popova/Shutterstock; Y6 U13 W7 Practice worksheet - Learning task 1, Data courtesy of NOAA Climate.gov; Y6 U13 W7 Practice worksheet - Learning task 4, Data taken from the National Travel Survey, NTS0613: Trips to and from school per child per year by main mode: England. Cupcakes in Y6 SP3 W3 Slides - Launch task by Arina P Habich/Shutterstock, Nuttawut Rungmanaset/Shutterstock, Amir Photo/Shutterstock, Elena Veselova/Shutterstock

All other artwork by Anthony Rule and Q2A Media

Quizzes

All artwork by Anthony Rule and Q2A Media

With special thanks to: Bickley Primary School, Bromley; Deer Park School, Richmond; Halley House School, Hackney Downs; Merchant Taylors’ School, Rickmansworth; Oaks Primary Academy, Maidstone; Pickhurst Infant Academy, West Wickham; St Lawrence C of E Primary School, Alton; Sundridge and Brasted C of E VC Primary School, Sundridge

The publishers would like to thank all schools and individuals who have helped to trial and review MathsBeat.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Maths in Action

View acknowledgements

 

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Zoonar GmbH/Alamy; Steve Bronstein/Getty; Magda Indigo/Getty

Case Study: E Mullan; Fertnig/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; fintastique/istockphoto; ra-photos/istockphoto; coloroftime/istockphoto; olaser/istockphoto; Tommounsey/istockphoto; E Mullan; Myrna Hoffman; ArtMarie/istockphoto; GlobalP/istockphoto; IrinaK/Shutterstock; Pshenina_m/Shutterstock; alengo/istockphoto; jordifa/istockphoto; E Mullan; Dimitris66/istockphoto; E Mullan; ac_bnphotos/istockphoto; DSGpro/istockphoto; studioaraminta/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; steverts/istockphoto; prawny/istockphoto; E Mullan; tomch/istockphoto; duncan1890; E Mullan; 221A/istockphoto; E Mullan; rappensuncle/istockphoto; sonia_ai/istockphoto; burneingphoto/istockphoto; E Mullan; deliormanli/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; Nikada/istockphoto; KeithBinns/istockphoto; E Mullan; majana/istockphoto; E Mullan; liangpv/istockphoto; temniy/istockphoto; E Mullan; vovan13/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; 221A/istockphoto; Viktor Zhugin/Fotolia; Jose Gil/Fotolia; theasis/istockphoto; ermingut/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; E Mullan; arielcione/istockphoto; E Mullan; Whiteway/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; _nav_/istockphoto; geopaul/istockphoto; E Mullan; theasis/istockphoto; E Mullan; maogg/istockphoto; E Mullan; LordRunar/istockphoto; E Mullan; KevinAlexanderGeorge/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; RusN/istockphoto; AdamG1975/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto ; WillSelarep/istockphoto; Jasmina007/istockphoto; charliebishop/istockphoto; Sjo/istockphoto; iEverest/istockphoto; Edelweiss/Fotolia; E Mullan; E Mullan; Elnur/Fotolia; WitR/istockphoto; WitR/istockphoto; E Mullan; olly/fotolia

Learning Activity: DanBrandenburg/istockphoto; artpipi/istockphoto; E Mullan; dlewis33/istockphoto; coopder/istockphoto; alxpin/istockphoto; E Mullan; Nikada/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; versevend/istockphoto; theasis/istockphoto; E Mullan; VisualField/istockphoto; E Mullan; bbofdon/Shutterstock; NJPro/istockphoto; rzelich/istockphoto; STUART WALKER / Alamy; E Mullan; arielcione/istockphoto; GlobalP/istockphoto; E Mullan; KUCO/Shutterstock; E Mullan; Paha_L/istockphoto; LoopAll/istockphoto; E Mullan; Bim/istockphoto; E Mullan; hudiemm/istockphoto; E Mullan; sparkplugpictures/istockphoto; E Mullan; E Mullan; E Mullan; LoopAll/istockphoto; E Mullan; MarkSkinner/istockphoto; E Mullan; jordifa/istockphoto

Progress tracking: theasis/istockphoto; Joe_Potato/istockphoto ; firstgroup.com; meerisusi/istockphoto ; spooh/istockphoto ; versevend/istockphoto; Bea Roque/flickr ; scibak/istockphoto; mbbirdy/istockphoto ; Gewoldi/istockphoto

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

MyMaths for KS3

View acknowledgements

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

STP Maths

View acknowledgements

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

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Modern Languages

Allez 1

View acknowledgements

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Allez Phonics Module Kerboodle

Phonics video and audio produced and directed by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Len Brown (cameraman); Andrew Garratt (engineer); Felix Callens (actor).

Worksheets:

Chris Hellier/Alamy; Mlenny/ iStockPhoto; Able Images/ Iconica/ Getty Images; Monkey Business/ Fotolia; Martin Moxter/ImageBroker/Glow Images; Rubberball/Jessica Peterson/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock; mountainpix/Shutterstock; Aurora Photos/Alamy; Martin Moxter/ImageBroker/Glow Images; danielo/Shutterstock; Johan Swanepoel/Shutterstock; wimpi/Shutterstock; LeonP/Shutterstock; Phattana SangsawangSStock/Shutterstock; Radius Images/Glow Images; jogyx/Fotolia; Rubberball/Jessica Peterson/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock.

Artwork by:Monica Auriemma, Robin Edmonds, John Hallett, Mark O'Hanlon, Lisa Hunt, Ken Vail Graphic Design, Caron Painter, Claire Rollet, Martin Sanders, Rory Walker and Q2A Media.

Mini-reader worksheets:

Monkey Business/Fotolia; Nicolas McComber/iStockphoto; Gabriela Medina/Blend Images/ Corbis; Dennis Drenner/Aurora Open/ Glow Images; Martin Good/ Shutterstock.

Artwork by:Monica Auriemma, Robin Edmonds, John Hallett, Mark O'Hanlon, Lisa Hunt, Ken Vail Graphic Design, Caron Painter, Claire Rollet, Martin Sanders, Rory Walker and Q2A Media.

Interactive activities:

Alexandre Nunes/Shutterstock; Designpics/Glow Images; Weston Colton/Rubberball/Glow Images; Cardinal/Corbis; Radius Images/Glow Images; zhekoss/Shutterstock; RonaldHope/iStockphoto; jogyx/Fotolia; danielo/Shutterstock; Prochasson Frederic/Shutterstock; Denisnata/Pantherstock; Netfalls - Remy Musser/Shutterstock; Masson/Shutterstock; Moodboard/OUP; Regine Mahaux/ Taxi/ Getty Images; maksheb/Bigstock; OUP/Ingram; Ron Levine/Photodisc/Getty Images; OUP/Brent Hofacker/Shutterstock; OUP/Viktor Fischer; Charlie Abad/Photo Non Stop/Glow Images; Masterfile; vasabii/Shutterstock; Jupiter Images/Photolibrary/Getty Images; Shutterstock; Bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; Maksym Bondarchuk/Shutterstock; Buida Nikita Yourievich/Shutterstock; Lia Koltyrina/Shutterstock; Mark Atkins/Shutterstock; Rainer Holz/Corbis; Neil Farrin/Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; QQ7/Shutterstock; Steve Lupton/Corbis; Etienne Laurent/ Xinhua Press/ Corbis; mountainpix/ Shutterstock; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock; mbt2095/Bigstock; ALLSTAR Picture Library/Alamy; Tim De Waele/Corbis; Sebastien Cailleux/Corbis; Goodluz/Shutterstock; CREATISTA/Shutterstock; Michael Runkel/Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; Thinkstock/Stockbyte/Getty Images; Radius Images/Glow Images; CREATISTA/Shutterstock; Masterfile; RonaldHope/iStockphoto; Alexandre Nunes/Shutterstock; David Atkinson/ Jetta Productions/ OUP; Blend Images/ Inti St Clair/Getty Images; Jorg Hackemann/ Shutterstock; Flashon Studio/Shutterstock; Robert Crum/ Shutterstock; Lee Kennedy/Shutterstock; Chris Hellier/Alamy; Lautaro/Alamy.

Artwork by:Monica Auriemma, Robin Edmonds, John Hallett, Mark O'Hanlon, Lisa Hunt, Ken Vail Graphic Design, Caron Painter, Claire Rollet, Martin Sanders, Rory Walker and Q2A Media.

Lesson players:

Designpics/Glow Images; Digital Vision/OUP; 3bugsmom/iStockphoto; Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; Radius Images/Glow Images; Gelpi/Fotolia; Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; Deborah Kolb/Shutterstock; Elke Van De Velde/Corbis; LeonP/Shutterstock; Vadim Petrakov/Shutterstock; Johan Swanepoel/Shutterstock; tratong/Shutterstock; Peter Schwarz/Shutterstock; wimpi/Shutterstock; Gerrit_de_Vries/Shutterstock; Phattana SangsawangSStock/Shutterstock; Masson/Shutterstock; danielo/Shutterstock; janecat/Shutterstock; Netfalls - Remy Musser/Shutterstock; Prochasson Frederic/Shutterstock; Moodboard/OUP; Eric Isselee/ Shutterstock; Denisnata/Pantherstock; maradonna 8888/Shutterstock; OUP/Brent Hofacker/Shutterstock; OUP/Viktor Fischer; OUP/Martin Wierink; OUP/Ingram; OUP/Alamy Creativity; OUP; Helder Almeida/Shutterstock; Granger Wootz/ Blend Images/ Corbis; Michel Borges/ Fotolia; Alexander Trinitatov/ Fotolia; Alexandre Nunes/Shutterstock; Masterfile; Flashon Studio/Shutterstock; Lee Kennedy/Shutterstock; Quadriga Images/ LOOK-foto/ Glow Images; Chris Hellier/Alamy; Lautaro/Alamy; Robert Crum/ Shutterstock; Philippe FARJON/ Demotix/Corbis; Mlenny/iStockPhoto; Cruise Ships/OUP; Paul Harris/AWL Images/Getty Images; Pixmann/ ImageZoo/Glow Images; Etienne Laurent/ Xinhua Press/ Corbis; mountainpix/ Shutterstock; Aurora Photos/Alamy; Martin Moxter/ImageBroker/Glow Images; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock; Rubberball/Jessica Peterson/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images; Bob Winsett/ Photolibrary/ Getty Images; Monkey Business/ Fotolia; Leo Mason/Corbis; Neale Cousland/Shutterstock; JeniFoto/Shutterstock.

Artwork by:Monica Auriemma, Robin Edmonds, John Hallett, Mark O'Hanlon, Lisa Hunt, Ken Vail Graphic Design, Caron Painter, Claire Rollet, Martin Sanders, Rory Walker and Q2A Media.

Assessments:

Masterfile; 3bugsmom/iStockphoto; Digital Vision/OUP; Super Stock/Glow Images; Maurizio Borsari/Aflo Score/Glow Images; MBI/ Stockbroker/Glow Images; Gurpal Singh Datta/India Picture/Glow Images; Weston Colton/Rubberball/Glow Images; Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc./Blend Images/Corbis; Designpics/Glow Images; Fred de Noyelle/Godong/Photononstop/Glow Images; Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; Radius Images/Glow Images; David & Micha Sheldon/ F1 Online/Corbis; Deborah Kolb/Shutterstock; Radius Images/Glow Images; dacasdo/Fotolia; Blend Images/Inti St Clair/Getty Images; Mlenny/iStockPhoto; Cruise Ships/OUP; Paul Harris/AWL Images/Getty Images; Pixmann/ImageZoo/Glow Images; LeonP/Shutterstock; Vadim Petrakov/Shutterstock; Johan Swanepoel/Shutterstock; wimpi/Shutterstock; Austrophoto/F1online/Glow Images; Robert Crum/Shutterstock; Lee Kennedy/Shutterstock; Blend Images/Inti St Clair/Getty Images; Ron Levine/Photodisc/Getty Images; Image Source/Glow Images; David Atkinson/Jetta Productions/OUP.

Artwork by:Monica Auriemma, Robin Edmonds, John Hallett, Mark O'Hanlon, Lisa Hunt, Ken Vail Graphic Design, Caron Painter, Claire Rollet, Martin Sanders, Rory Walker and Q2A Media.

The publisher would like to thank the following for their help and advice:

Authors:

Robert Pike (interactive activities, projects, record and playbacks activities, pronunciation activities, pelmanisms, verb activities, How To guides, flashcards)

Will Harvey (interactive activities)

Clare Seccombe (worksheets)

Kate Thirlwall (games worksheets)

Geneviève Talon (mini-reader worksheets)

Julie Green (assessments)

Karine Couly (language consultant)

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer); vocabulary pages, reading passages and mini-reader audio produced by Oxford Digital Media

Video shot on location in Montpellier, with grateful thanks to Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd (producer, director and scriptwriter); Paul Keating (cameraman); Brian Powell (sound); Agnès Beligond (location manager); Zaied Ahabri, Basile Dezeuze, Clarisse Girardet, Oumaïma Helli, Noura Idrissi, Asma Machhouri, Jules Nguyen, Diakouba Toure (actors), Geoffrey Bergogne and AfricaTala.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Allez 2

View acknowledgements

Allez Phonics Module Kerboodle:

Phonics video and audio produced and directed by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Len Brown (cameraman); Andrew Garratt (engineer); Felix Callens (actor).

Worksheets:

The Print Collector/Glow images; Wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Dotshock/Shutterstock; Everett Collection Historical/Alamy; INTERFOTO/Alamy; BMJ/Shutterstock; Glow Images;OUP; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA/Bridgeman Images; Geanina Bechea/Shutterstock; XavierFrancolon/SIPA/Rex Features; Alexander Raths/Shutterstock; WithGod/Shutterstock; Dotshock/Shutterstock; Xavier Laine/Getty Images; NASA; Kirill Kedrinski/Fotolia; Jupiter Images/Getty Images; ChameleonsEye/Shutterstock; Rino Petrosino/Mondadori Portfolio/Getty Images; Jaimie Duplass/Shutterstock; NASA; Minerva Studio/Shutterstock; Xavier Francolon/SIPA/Rex Features; Geanina Bechea/Shutterstock; WithGod/Shutterstock; Anglia Press Agency Ltd./Rex Features; Masterfile; Xavier Francolon/SIPA/Rex Features; Rino Petrosino/Mondadori Portfolio/Getty Images; Anglia Press Agency Ltd./Rex Features; Bill Bachmann/Alamy; Frederic Soreau/Corbis; Dmitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Getty; Baloncici/Shutterstock; OUP; sianc/Shutterstock;

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services, John Hallet, Andrew Hennessey, Lisa Hunt, Claire Rollet and Robin Edmonds

Mini-reader worksheets:

Au Revoir Les Enfants [FR/W GER 1987]/Ronald Grant Archive; Jacek Chabraszewski/Shutterstock; Éditions Thierry Magnier; The Advertising Archives; Featureflash/Shutterstock; Ivan Pavlov/Shutterstock; Vladitto/Shutterstock; Ivan Varyukhin/Shutterstock; Iakov Kalinin/Shutterstock;

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services

The publisher and authors are grateful for permission to include extracts from the following copyright texts:

Erroc: Les Profs comic strip, illustrated by Pica, from Rythme Scolaire, Vol. 9 of the Les Profs series (Bamboo Édition, 2006), copyright © 2006, used by permission of Bamboo Édition.

Espoir sans Frontières: annual retrospective of development work, http://www.espoirsansfrontieres.org/article-1-6, used by permission of the organisation.

Blaise Cendrars: opening lines of ‘Prose du transsibérien et de la petite Jeanne de France’,  from Tout autour d’aujourd’hui - Nouvelle édition des oeuvres complètes de Blaise Cendrars, Vol. 1  edited by Claude Leroy (Editions Denoël,  2005), copyright © 1947, 1963, 2001, 2005, used by permission of Editions Denoël. 

Interactive activities:

WDG Photo/Shutterstock; Godrick/Shutterstock; ONOKY - Photononstop/Alamy; GAUTIER Stephane/SAGAPHOTO.COM/Alamy; Photobess58/Shutterstock; Crepesoles/Shutterstock; pedrosala/Shutterstock; Emilio Segre Visual Archives/American Institute of Physics/Science Photo Library; Sipa Press/Rex Features; Francis DEMANGE/Gamma-Rapho/Getty Images; Degtyaryov Andrey/Shutterstock; Arterra Picture Library/Alamy; Pathdoc/Shutterstock; Peshkova/Shutterstock; K.J.Schraa/Shutterstock; DanilZan/Shutterstock; Stavklem/Shutterstock; REX/David Caudery/Future Publishing; Robert_s; Hero Images Inc./Alamy; Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock; ptnphoto/Shutterstock; Jodi Matthews/Shutterstock; Matteo Festi/Shutterstock; John Van Hasselt/Sygma/Corbis; Golden Pixels LLC/Alamy; Paul Prescott/Alamy; PHOTOMAX/Alamy; Hufton + Crow/VIEW Pictures Ltd/Alamy; Max Topchii/Shutterstock; Bernard Jaubert/incamerastock/Corbis; Oksmit/Shutterstock; Gilles Paire/Shutterstock; Dotshock/Shutterstock; WithGod/Shutterstock; Minerva Studio/Shutterstock; Rino Petrosino/Mondadori Portfolio/Getty Images; PhotoAlto sas/Alamy; Auremar/Shutterstock; Kirill Kedrinski/Fotolia; Jaimie Duplass/Shutterstock; Photos 12/Alamy; Jupiter Images/Getty Images; Justin Sullivan/Getty Images; Photodisc; Robert_s; Sergey Peterman/Shutterstock; FORGET Patrick/SAGAPHOTO.COM/Alamy; Fred Dufour/Pool/Reuters; tevo/Shutterstock; IanC66/Shutterstock; Lightworks Media/Alamy; Sabir Babayev/Shutterstock; Arie v.d. Wolde/Shutterstock; Franck Boston/Shutterstock; Caiaimage/Rex Features; Oksmit/Shutterstock; Gilles Paire/Shutterstock; Hufton + Crow/VIEW Pictures Ltd/Alamy; Bernard Jaubert/incamerastock/Corbis; Georgejmclittle/Shutterstock; Wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Matteo Festi/Shutterstock; Thibaut/Alamy; Dotshock/Shutterstock; Anglia Press Agency Ltd./Rex Features; Rino Petrosino/Mondadori Portfolio/Getty Images; Justin Sullivan/Getty Images; Stavklem/Shutterstock; Ilya Andriyanov/Shutterstock; Voyagerix/Shutterstock; John Eder/Getty; Stuart Pearce/Agefotostock; Nino/Corbis; Eri Morita/Getty Images; Gavin Hellier/alamy; Directphoto Collection/Alamy; Laurent Lucuix/Alamy; Zoonar GmbH/Alamy;

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services, John Hallet, Andrew Hennessey, Lisa Hunt, Claire Rollet and Robin Edmonds

Lesson players:

Christie's Images/Corbis; The Print Collector/Glow Images; SuperStock/Glow Images; Leemage/Corbis; Sipa Press/Rex Features; Emilio Segre Visual Archives/American Institute of Physics/Science Photo Library; GTW/ImageBroker/Glow Images; Sheila Terry/Science Photo Library; auremar/Shutterstock; CHRISTIAN PHILIPPE PARIS FRANCE/EPA; Marc Tielemans/Alamy; Ronald Grant Archives; c.Warner Br/Everett/Rex Features; OUP; © Gallimard Jeunesse; Sander de Wilde/Corbis; Seth K. Hughes/Alamy; OUP; Sergey Peterman/Shutterstock; David Young-Wolff/Getty Images; HAYKIRDI/Getty Images; Glow Images; VERONIQUE SERRE/SIPA/Rex Features; Rich-Joseph Facun/arabianEye/Corbis; FRUMM John/hemis.fr/Alamy; W. Disney/Everett/Rex Features; Xavier Laine/Getty Images; NASA; Xavier Francolon/SIPA/Rex Features; OUP; S_bukley/Shutterstock; US Library of Congress/Science Photo Library;Photoservice Electa/UIG/Rex Features ; Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc.; Gordana Sermek/Shutterstock; Hola Images/Getty Images;

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services, John Hallet, Andrew Hennessey, Lisa Hunt, Claire Rollet and Robin Edmonds

Assessments:

Degtyaryov Andrey/Shutterstock; Chris King; Christie's Images/Corbis; Alexander Raths/Shutterstock; Matthieu Photoglovsky/Shutterstock; Mark Rose/Getty Images;  Stavklem/Shutterstock; Seth K. Hughes/Alamy; sianc/Shutterstock; Adrian Weinbrecht/Getty Images; denys_kuvaiev/Fotolia; Paul Hakimata Photography/Shutterstock; antoniodiaz/Shutterstock; denys_kuvaiev/Fotolia; Paul Hakimata Photography/Shutterstock; Raphye Alexius/Corbis; André Babiak/Westend61/Corbis; Raphye Alexius/Corbis; Jean-Christophe Riou/Masterfile; Raphye Alexius/Corbis; Jean-Christophe Riou/Masterfile; Michael Prince/Corbis; OUP; Glow Images; Artist dk & dennie cody/Masterfile; Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc.; BMJ/Shutterstock; Radius Images; Shutterstock; BananaStock; Gilles Paire/Shutterstock; Gordana Sermek/Shutterstock; Ocean; BestPhotoPlus/Shutterstock; Chepe Nicoli/Shutterstock; BestPhotoPlus/Shutterstock; OUP; Antonio Saba/Corbis; Jean-Christophe Riou/Masterfile; Mark Rose/Getty Images;  Seth K. Hughes/Alamy; Stavklem/Shutterstock; Oleksiy Maksymenko Photography/Alamy; REX/David Caudery/Future Publishing; Adrian Weinbrecht/Getty Images; Glow Images; OUP; André Babiak/Westend61/Corbis; BananaStock;

Artwork by:  Q2A Media Services, John Hallet, Andrew Hennessey, Lisa Hunt, Claire Rollet and Robin Edmonds

The publisher would like to thank the following for their help and advice:

Authors:

Robert Pike (interactive activities, projects, record and playbacks activities, pronunciation activities, How To guides)

Will Harvey (interactive activities)

Clare Seccombe, Kate Thirlwall, Katie Smith and Corinne Dzuilka-Heywood (worksheets)

Geneviève Talon (mini-reader worksheets)

Julie Green (assessments)

Karine Couly (language consultant)

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer).

Video shot on location in Montpellier, with grateful thanks to Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd (producer, director and scriptwriter); Paul Keating (cameraman); Brian Powell (sound); Agnès Beligond (location manager); Zaied Ahabri, Basile Dezeuze, Thouraya El Ouadie, Clarisse Girardet, Jémilie Jaffart, Jules Nguyen (actors), Julie Ferret, Francette Tournemine and Jerôme Teule.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Allez Transition Module

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Interactive activities and Worksheets: dacasdo/Fotolia

Artwork by: Monica Auriemma, Judy Brown, Robin Edmonds, John Hallett, Mark O'Hanlon, Lisa Hunt, Ken Vail Graphic Design, Caron Painter, Claire Rollet, Martin Sanders, Rory Walker and Q2A Media.

Log-book: Cover illustration by: Claire Rollett

Digital book: Cover illustration by: Claire Rollett. Artwork by: Judy Brown

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer)

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Any websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

AQA A Level French for 2016

View acknowledgements

A LEVEL YEAR 1 AND AS

Photos: Brill/Ullstein Bild/Getty Images. All other photos by Alamy Stock Photo; iStock and Shutterstock.

Artwork: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Rob Pike, Colin Povey and Paul Shannon

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Videos: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Paul Keating (cameraman, UK); Brian Powell (sound recordist, UK); Pauline Montagne and Jordan Mereau (actors, camera and sound, France); Vanessa Labrie; Jessica Rouet and T.J. Sen (actors in UK studio); Jazz Goddard (Editor); Mikel Perez (Production Assistant); Unai Mateo and Mikel Pérez (opening titles).

Music for videos: The Journalist 6 (Bob Bradley & Paul Mottram, Audio Network); Water Lily (Youtube Audio Library); ANW1853 03 Spread Your Wings (Audio Network); My Sad Old Heart (Youtube Audio Library); ANW1396 02 Adrenaline (Audio Network); ANW1606 11 Life Stream (Audio Network); End of Summer (Youtube Audio Library); ANW1333 05 Secrets (Audio Network); ANW2526 02 Remember The Day (Audio Network); 1ANW1603 02 Bikini Rock (Audio Network); Log Cabin (Youtube Audio Library); ANW1821 01 Opening Night (Audio Network)

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

Dossier cinéma et littérature:

Françoise Sagan: extracts from Bonjour tristesse, reproduced with permission from Éditions Julliard

Albert Camus: extracts from L’Étranger, © Editions Gallimard

Faïza Guène: extracts from Kiffe kiffe demain, © Hachette Littératures 2004, © LIBRAIRIE ARTHEME FAYARD 2010

Unit 1:

“Le mariage ou le pacs?”, Anissa Boumediene, www.20minutes.fr,  © 20minutes 14/11/2014

“Qu’est-ce que le rôle parental?”, www.gov.mb.ca, © Gouvernement du Manitoba

“Témoignage d’une famille recomposée”, www.edith-magazine.com, © Edith Magazine

Marcel Pagnol: extract from La Gloire de Mon Père, Coll Fortunio, Editions de Fallois © Marcel Pagnol, 2004

“Vie de couple: 5 choses qui ont changé depuis les années 50”, www.mariefrance.fr, Clémence Floc'h 20/04/15 © Marie-France & Reworld Media

“Quel est le rôle des grand-parents d’aujourd’hui?”, www.idkids.fr, © OKAÏDI

“La France championne des familles nombreuses”, © La Croix, Emmanuelle RÉJU, 14/01/2015

“Plus d’un enfant sur deux naît désormais hors mariage”, © La Croix, Frédérique SCHNEIDER (Infographies Laurent DUPUIS), 12/12/2015

“Le Pacs tel un sacrement”, www.sudouest.fr

“Familles homoparentales en Belgique: égalité pour tous?”, 17/09/13 © lalibre.be

Unit 2:

“Un jeu pour aider les adolescents en souffrance”, de Nicolas César, paru sur la-croix.com le 17 décembre 2014

“Comment bien se protéger sur Internet?”, geeko.lesoir.be, Étienne Froment, 09.07/12  - Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute utilisation ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de la société de gestion Copiepresse : info@copiepresse.be

“Comment le numérique transforme la vie des sénégalais”, Socialnetlink.org

“Le vent de l’innovation souffle à Liège”, Isabelle Lemaire 22/04/16 © lalibre.be

“Collège: des tablettes dans le cartable pour un quart des 5 ème à la rentrée”, © AFP, Andrea Graells Tempel

“Travail et nouvelles technologies, une réflexion de l’Église du Québec sur la quatrième révolution industrielle”, Une publication du conseil Église et Société Assemblée des évêques catholiques du Québec 3331, rue Sherbrooke Est – Montréal (Québec) H1W 1C5 Téléphone : 514 274-4323 - Télécopieur : 514 274-4383 Courriel : aecq@eveques.qc.ca Site Internet :  http://www.eveques.qc.ca

“Nouvelles technologies: le “oui mais” des Français”, © AFP

“Emmaüs lutte contre la précarité numérique”, Éric Larpin 13/04/2016 © La Croix

Unit 3:

“Pourqoui devenir bénévole à la Croix-Rouge?”, www.croix-rouge.fr, © croix-rouge française

Infographique “Le France bénévole 2015”, www.recherches-solidarites.org

“Le Service Civique vu par les 16–25 ans”, www.service-civique.gouv.fr, © Agence du Service Civique - Sondage IFOP octobre 2015

“Des jeunes bénévoles à l'honneur pour leur engagement”, www.placedubenevolat.blogspot.co.uk/, Louise Forestier, de l'association Tous Bénévoles 

“Paroles de bénévoles”, Ville de Lambersart

“Ce que les jeunes pensent de Coup de pouce jeunesse”, © Coup de pouce jeunesse

Unit 4:

“Patrimoine Culturel et Tourisme en France”, http://www.icomos.org, Patin, V. Vincent, J.-M., Central Cultural Fund Publication, No. 133. Colombo, ICOMOS, 1993. p. 116-118.

“Bordeaux: «OhAhCheck !», l’application interactive pour les amoureux du patrimoine”, www.20minutes.fr, Mélissa Pollet-Villard © 20minutes 01/09/15

“Les chouchous… à visiter”, www.1jour1actu.com, © Editions Milan

Homepage, www.france.fr/fr/culture, © GIE ATOUT France

“Le repas gastronomique des Français”, www.unesco.org, UNESCO/Section du patrimoine culturel immatériel

“Becket, l’homme qui marche pour sauver le patrimoine français”, adapted from "6500 km à pied pour sauver le patrimoine" by Mathilde Doiezie,  AFP 20/05/2016

“Toulouse : un mur datant de 1785 va être recouvert par un parking”, © Alice Deverley / lefigaro.fr / 28.04.2016

“Pain: un décret pour sauver la “tradition française””, 13/09/2015 © Le Point

“Immobilier : « On va vendre plus de 1 000 églises »” - 12/03/2016 - Christophe Levent © Le Parisien

Unit 5:

Le Printemps de Bourges, www.printemps-bourges.com/fr

“Louane Emera ne passera pas le bac”, www.gala.fr, © gala.fr

“Christine and the Queens, la nouvelle reinde de la pop c’est elle”, Adapté de http://cheekmagazine.fr/culture/christine-and-the-queens-la-nouvelle-reine-de-la-pop-cest-elle/  © Cheek Magazine

“NRJ Music Awards 2015: Découvrez le palmarès de la Cérémonie!”, nrj.fr

Unit 6:

“Le Nouveau”, www.allocine.fr, © Allociné

“Saint-Jacques…La Mêque, de Coline Serreau”, www.cinemalefrance.com, Cinéma Le France

“Star Wars, The Force Awakens”, www.starwars.geek-festival.fr/, Cinéma Gaumont, Talence

“Le cinéma au Sénégal”, www.planete-senegal.com/

“Le cinéma TRIOMPHE ouvrira au printemps”, journal La Revue de Terrebonne, Québec, Canada

“Les rois du casting sous les projecteurs”, par Guillemette Odicino, publié sur telerama.fr le 14 mai 2016

“Critique du film Les Habitants, de Raymond Depardon”, par Bruno Icher, publié sur telerama.fr le 27 avril 2016

“Festival de Cannes 2012 : Des journalistes obligés de payer des interviews avec les stars”, pure médias, un site du groupe webedia

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt not to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

A LEVEL YEAR 2

Photos: Shutterstock; iStockphoto; Education Images/Getty Images; PHILIPPE HUGUEN/Getty Images; Guoqiang Xue/Shutterstock; Haut De Court/REX; Andrey Malgin/Shutterstock; FRANCOIS GUILLOT/Getty Images; Andrey Malgin/Shutterstock, FRANCOIS GUILLOT/Getty Images; walencienne/iStockphoto; Frederic Legrand - COMEO/Shutterstock; FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/Getty Images; Evgeny Sergeev/iStockphoto; Yannphoto/iStockphoto; Carl Court/Getty Images; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy Stock Photo; Alexandre Rotenberg/Shutterstock; REX/Shutterstock; MICHEL SPINGLER/AP/REX/Shutterstock.

Artwork: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Rob Pike, Colin Povey and Paul Shannon

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

Theme 1 and 2 revision

Unit 1 Résumé Extra:

De la famille traditionnelle à la famille relationnelle, © DILA

10 conseils pour une vie de famille épanouie, Fourchette & Bikini – www.fourchette-et-bikini.fr

Unit 2 Résumé Extra:

 

Neuf entreprises suisses sur dix ont souffert cyberattaques l’an dernier, Le temps - Ringier Axel Springer

L’information à l’heure du numerique: nouveaux medias contre anciens, ritimo.org

Unit 3 Résumé Extra:

Le Compte Engagement Citoyen, © RELAXNEWS.COM

Une histoire d’amour et de bénévolat, www.journalexpress.ca

La macif lance Diffuz, un réseau social au service de l'engagement solidaire, carenews.com

Unit 4 Résumé Extra:

Mieux agir en faveur du patrimoine, Point de vue de Philippe Toussaint, Président des VMF, Ouest France, 29 mai 2017

Unit 5 Résumé Extra:

Portail de la Wallonie Fete de la musique 2017, Wallonie service public SPW

Quotas radio. Une mesure pour la diversité: soutenons les artistes francophones! Sacem - Société des Auteurs, Compositeurs et Editeurs de Musique

Les jeunes écoutent deux heures de musique par jour, © Assma Maad/Le Figaro/2013

Unit 6 Résumé Extra:

Où en sont les technologies numériques au cinéma? www.insa-rennes.fr, droits réservés. Avec l'aimable autorisation de Paul FERRAND, Gurvan LECUYER, Morgan TASTAYRE et Hoël VASSEUR.

Portail de la Wallonie Festival du film de comédie de Liège, Wallonie service public SPW

Unit 1:

Montre-moi ce que tu vois de l’autre que je ne vois pas, Définition de la diversité culturelle, Productions Mosaïque, avec l'aimable autorisation de Madame Johane Bergeron, http://www.montre-moi.ca/

La colocation multiculturelle : avantages et inconvénients, www.izroom.com

Les bienfaits de la diversité, Copyright UEFA

Déclaration universelle de l’UNESCO sur la diversité culturelle, © Unesco

Le Fest’Dif, © Association La MIETE (Maison des Initiatives, de l'engagement, du Troc et de l'Echange)

Diversité, tolérance et intolérance dans les médias sociaux, © Unesco

Soutien à la diversité et l’inclusion, Municipality of Chatham-Kent

Dammaire : des journalistes de LCI agressées à le Plaine du Lys, 12/03/2016 © Le Parisien

Jeunes : un documentaire sur la diversité culturelle, Ouest-France 17/03/2014

Il est temps de valoriser la diversité des âges dans l’emploi, © The Adecco Group

Le multiculturalisme en France: faux débat et vraies questions, Benjamin Pelletier 14/02/11 http://gestion-des-risques-interculturels.com/

Poster, Le monde est chez nous, Le Monde est chez nous : une initiative de la Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, conçue et réalisée par la Régie culturelle régionale, coproduite par Marseille-Provence 2013, accueillie par la Ville d’Aubagne, en partenariat avec la communauté d'agglomération du Pays d’Aubagne et de l’Étoile (France).
Conception graphique et réalisation du visuel : www.studio-mcb.com - © mkm3 - shutterstock.com

Unit 2:

La Belgique risque de ne pas remplir ses objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté, 28/11/16 © Lalibre.be - Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute reproduction ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de Belga: info@belga.be

Fondation Abbé Pierre: Leïla vit depuis 15 ans dans 4 m2, Delphine Bancaud © 20minutes

Témoignage d'un sans-abris à Metz: "Je suis dans la rue de 7h du matin à 7h du soir dans le froid", Cécile Soulé 19/01/16 © France Bleu

Au centre d'accueil de jour du Samu social de Paris, on aide les SDF «à organiser leur survie», Delphine Bancaud © 20minutes

1 délégué syndical sur 5 confronté au racisme lors d'embauches, 26/10/16 © Lalibre.be - Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute reproduction ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de Belga: info@belga.be

Grenoble est la ville la plus accessible pour les handicapés, Adapted from "Grenoble est la ville la plus accessible pour les handicapés", | rue89lyon | 11/02/2013, © Agence France-Presse

Bidonville d’Esmonin : Eric Piolle change de discours à Grenoble, Victor Guilbert; published 23/05/15 www.rue89lyon.fr

Lille: «Connexions solidaires» lutte contre la fracture numérique, Mikaël Libert © 20minutes

Lyon: Coaching et soutien psy pour aider les grands exclus à retourner vers l'emploi, Elisa Frisullo © 20minutes

Quand la musique réunit policiers, collégiens et jeunes handicapés, Maïram Guissé 21/01/2017 © Le Parisien

Le Vésinet : le repas de Noël contre la solitude a rassemblé 90 convives, Élisabeth Gardet 25/12/2016 © Le Parisien

Cinq cents dossiers en 2016 pour discriminations liées au handicap, 02/12/16 © Lapresse.be - Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute utilisation ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de la société de gestion Copiepresse : info@copiepresse.be

Sans le Secours populaire, Monique, 58 ans, ne s'en sortirait pas, Mehdi Gherdane 17/12/2016 © Le Parisien

Quand nous donnons… ou pas, Anne-laure Gannac, 2006, pour Psychologies.com

Unit 3:

Criminalité: "Les gens contestent même la loi", Thomas Van Den Bril 28/01/17 © Lapresse.be - Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute utilisation ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de la société de gestion Copiepresse : info@copiepresse.be

Alsace: A quoi ressemble la délinquance dans le Bas-Rhin? Floréal Hernandez © 20 minutes

Programme «Respect»: Les prisons font «portes ouvertes», 20minutes.fr - Vincent Vantighem - 06 février 2017

http://www.vd.ch/themes/securite/penitentiaire/etablissements-penitentiaires/edm-aux-lechaires/mot-du-directeur/, www.vd.ch/spen

Lyon: Il arrache son bracelet électronique pour retourner en prison, N.Bg. © 20 minutes

844 détenus placés sous surveillance électronique, www.dhnet.be, N. Ben, 07/02/17 "Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute utilisation ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de la société de gestion Copiepresse : info@copiepresse.be "

A quoi sert (vraiment) la prison ? Marie-Pierre de la Gontrie, 27/03/13 © Libération

Souriez, vous êtes filmé à Dinant ! S.M. 30/11/16 © Lapresse.be - Le(s) présent(s) article(s) est (sont) reproduit(s) avec l'autorisation de l'Editeur, tous droits réservés. Toute utilisation ultérieure doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation spécifique de la société de gestion Copiepresse : info@copiepresse.be

« Le TIG, ça me donne un rythme », Caroline Rossignol, 14/03/2011 © 20minutes

La « prison sans barreaux » divise les magistrats et le politiques, Marie Boëton, 03/06/2014 © La Croix

Unit 4:

Poster, Moi je suis trop jeune pour voter. Et toi? Référence : http://www.aaccvote2012.fr/index.php?page=campagne&ID=3

Moi, je suis trop jeune pour voter. Et toi ? T’est trop quoi ?
Agence Herezie:
Andréa Stillacc : co-fondateur
Luc Wise: co-fondateur
Sebastien Boutebel: Directeur Artistique
Jean-Laurent Py: Concepteur Redacteur

L'élection présidentielle en chiffres, avec l’aimable autorisation de Radio France et de Laurine Benjebria

Un jeune sur cinq se sent proche du FN, 16/12/2016 © Le Parisien

Voxe.org : une application pour inciter les jeunes à voter ! © www.rfi.fr

Quel avenir pour les partis politiques traditionnels? Le Monde, Quel avenir pour les partis politiques traditionnels, Jean-Baptiste de Montvalon, 18/02/2016

Municipales: pourquoi les jeunes s’abstiennent massivement ? Ouest-France, Romain Lecompte 21/03/2014

Le vote à 16 ans, pourquoi pas? Benjamin Vachet, #ONfr, Groupe Media TFO

Et si les jeunes votaient à 16 ans? Christel Brigaudeau, Vincent Mongaillard & Didier Micoine 14/12/2016 © Le Parisien

Selon un sondage, 80% des Français font confiance aux citoyens plutôt qu'aux politiques, © Emmanuel Galiero / lefigaro.fr / 08/03/2016

Abstention: en France et à l’étranger, 5 idées pour inciter les électeurs à aller voter, Geoffroy Clavel, chef de la rubrique Politique sur Le HuffPost, Le Huffpost, http://www.huffingtonpost.fr/2014/02/17/abstention-france-etranger-5-idees-inciter-vote_n_4801303.html

Unit 5:

Avenir Etudiant, un jeune syndicat plein d'avenir, © www.tntv.pf Tahiti Nui Télévision

A quoi sert un syndicat? Mathilde Damgé, 01/05/15 © Le Monde

Grève : les applications indispensables pour survivre à la galère, © Géraldine Russell / lefigaro.fr / 10/06/2014

Manifestation étudiante: des carrés rouges malgré la chaleur, Laurence Hallé, 22/07/2012, © La Presse canadienne

Fin des blocages de raffineries, poursuite de la grève à Air France et la SNCF, Julien Duriez 12/06/16 © La Croix

Pour 60% des Français, la CGT abuse du droit de grève, © Contrepoints

Cameroun: fortes tensions autour d'une grève des enseignants à Bamenda, http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20161123-cameroun-greve-enseignants-anglophone-repression-force-ordre © www.rfi.fr

Appel des syndicats à la grève et aux manifestations les 17 et 19 mai, http://www.huffingtonpost.fr/2016/05/10/greve-17-mai-19-mai-syndicats-loi-travail_n_9891826.html, 10/05/16 © AFP

Unit 6:

300 000 immigrants en 2017 au Canada, Laurence Nadeau 31/10/16 www.immigrer.com

France: Quel est le problème avec l’immigration? www.lesobservateurs.ch

Cartoon, Travail d’Arabe, © Camille Besse © France terre d'asile

Evolutions de la politique européenne d'immigration et d'asile, © www.touteleurope.eu

Engagement civique des immigrés, OCDE (2015), « Engagement civique des immigrés », dans Les indicateurs de l'intégration des immigrés 2015 : Trouver ses marques, Éditions OCDE, Paris. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264233799-14-fr

Immigration en France: des manifestations pour le droit à l’égalité, Extrait du 28/05/11 http://www.rfi.fr/france/20110528-immigration-france-manifestations-le-droit-egalite/ © www.rfi.fr

Immigration: qui sont les étrangers qui vivent en France, Alexandre Boudet, Journaliste politique sur Le HuffPost, Le HuffPost http://www.huffingtonpost.fr/2015/07/20/immigration-qui-sont-les-etrangers-qui-vivent-en-france_n_7830988.html 

Strasbourg: Le maire Roland Ries veut mobiliser la ville pour accueillir les réfugiés, 20minutes.fr - Alexia Ighirri - 04 septembre 2015

Aide aux migrants: « Mes enfants vont comprendre que papa n’a pas fait de bêtise » © Thibault Petit / lexpress.fr / 06.01.2017

Immigration en France: ce qu’il faut savoir, Jean-Baptiste FRANÇOIS et Denis PEIRON, 23/10/2013 © La Croix

Poster, Un Français sur quatre est issu de l’immigration, Musée national de l'histoire de l'immigration - @BETC

Adieu la jungle, Nicolas Jacquard 25/10/2016 © Le Parisien

Marine Le Pen met en concurrence les SDF et les migrants, based on http://www.directmatin.fr/france/2017-01-06/marine-le-pen-met-en-concurrence-les-sdf-et-les-migrants-746087, http://www.directmatin.fr/france/2017-01-06/marine-le-pen-met-en-concurrence-les-sdf-et-les-migrants-746087 06/01/17 © AFP

Les vrais chiffres de l’immigration en France, © Laurent Chabrun / lexpress.fr / 09.10.2012 (adapté)

La parole raciste se libère, Timothée Boutry 09/08/2016 © Le Parisien

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt not to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

AQA A Level German for 2016

View acknowledgements

A Level Year 1 and AS

Photos: Shutterstock; iStock; Alamy Stock Photo; Ingo Wagner/AFP/Getty Images.

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Dagmar Sauer, Corinna Schicker, Keith Sydenham, Erika Klingler.

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Video recordings: videos produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd;  Paul Keating  (cameraman, UK); Brian Powell (sound recordist, UK); Audrey Nyirenda (presenter, camera and sound, Germany); Fernando Tiberini, Anne Yin Han; Patrick Pache (actors in UK studio); Jazz Goddard (editor); Mikel Pérez (production assistant); Unai Mateo and Mikel Pérez (opening credits)

Music for videos: The Journalist 6 (Bob Bradley & Paul Mottram, Audio Network); Spring in my step (Youtube Audio Library); Barton Springs (Youtube Audio Library); Mr Pink (Youtube Audio Library); Vacation Uke (Youtube Audio Library) ; Bike Rides (Youtube Audio Library); Fun (Youtube Audio Library); Mob Battle (Youtube Audio Library); Jazz in Paris (Youtube Audio Library); Bright Future (Youtube Audio Library); Payday by Jason Farnham (Youtube Audio Library); About that Oldie (Youtube Audio Library)

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

B. Biermann: ‘ Engel haben keinen Hunger’, (Beltz Verlag, 2006). © 2006 Beltz & Gelberg in der Verlagsgruppe Beltz · Weinheim Basel. Reproduced with permission from Beltz Verlag.

‘ Das grosse BILD-Weihnachtsbuch’, (Ullstein, 2001). Copyright BILD, Hamburg 2001. Reproduced with permission from Axel Springer.

H. Fallada: ‘ Jeder stirbt für sich allein’, (Aufbau Verlag, 2012). © Aufbau Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin 2011. Reproduced with permission from Aufbau Verlag.

‘ Feste feiern in Deutschland: Vorschläge für den Deutsch-unterricht’, www.goethe.de/de/spr/unt/kum/kal.html (Goethe-Institut). Reproduced with permission from Goethe Institut.

‘ Integration in Sachen Liebe’, http://www.dw.com/de/integration-in-sachen-liebe/a-19531198  (Deutsche Welle, 2016). © 2016 Deutsche Welle.

‘ Richtfest’, www.goethe.de/festefeiern (Goethe-Institut). Reproduced with permission from Goethe Institut.

‘ Das Sechseläuten in Zürich (ZH) ’, http://www.myswitzerland.com/de/das-sechselaeuten-in-zuerich-zh.html (Schweiz Tourismus). Reproduced with permission from Switzerland Tourism.

‘ Die Fasnacht in Basel (BS) ’, www.myswitzerland.com/de/die-fasnacht-in-basel-bs.html (Schweiz Tourismus). Reproduced with permission from Switzerland Tourism.

‘ Neujahrskonzert der Wiener Philharmoniker’, www.wien.info/de/musik-buehne/klassik/neujahrskonzert (WienTourismus). Reproduced with permission from Vienna Tourist Board.

‘ Weihnachtsmärkte’, www.wien.info/de/einkaufen-essen-trinken/maerkte/weihnachtsmaerkte (WienTourismus). Reproduced with permission from Vienna Tourist Board.

‘ Wiener Christkindelmarkt 2016’, http://www.wien-konkret.at/einkaufen/wiener-christkindlmarkt/ (WienTourismus). Reproduced with permission from Vienna Tourist Board.

‘ Wer ist Christa Wolf?’ , Zeit Online, September 29th 2005, www.zeit.de (Zeitverlag, 2005). Reproduced with permission from Zeitverlag.

 

A Level Year 2

Photos: Shutterstock; iStockphoto; Derek Meijer/Alamy Stock Photo; Wild Apple; Jocic/Shutterstock; Dinosmichail/Bigstock; Jazzmany/Shutterstock; FatCamera/Getty Images; © Alexandru Dobre/Dreamstime; Echo/Getty Images; dpa picture alliance/Alamy Stock Photo; Stuart Forster/REX/Shutterstock; picture-alliance/dpa/Frank Kleefeldt; picture-alliance/dpa/Wolfgang Kumm; dpa picture alliance/Alamy Stock Photo.

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Morag McCrorie, Dagmar Sauer, Paul Shannon, Keith Sydenham, Michael Taylor.

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Video recordings: videos produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Paul Keating (cameraman); Brian Powell (sound recordist); Fernando Tiberini (studio presenter); Jazz Goddard (editor); Aintzane Sanchez Abanades (assistant producer). Video reports by Agence France-Presse.

The author and publisher would also like to thank the following for permission to adapt, extract and reproduce material:

M. Albert and Spiegel Online: ' Shell-Studie: Darum sind Jugendliche wieder politisch', http://www.spiegel.de/lebenundlernen/schule/shell-jugendstudie-darum-sind-jugendliche-wieder-politisch-a-1057619.html (Spiegel Online, 2015). Reproduced with permission from M.Albert.

V. Alterauge: ‘ Einschreiten - oder nicht?’, http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaft/zivilcourage-so-sollten-sie-reagieren-das-sollten-sie-vermeiden-a-1007508.html (Spiegel Online, 2016). Reproduced with permission from V. Alterauge.

M. Beise: Migration zahlt sich aus, http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/fluechtlinge-als-wirtschaftsvorteil-migration-zahlt-sich-aus-1.2178449 (Süddeutsche Zeitung, 2014). Reproduced with permission from Süddeutsche Zeitung Digitale Medien GmbH.

dpa: ‘ Nur 34.000 Flüchtlinge haben einen Job - 400.000 suchen noch’, http://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/soziales/fluechtlinge-in-deutschland-34-000-haben-einen-job-400-000-suchen-noch-a-1126465.html (Spiegel Online, 2016). Reproduced with permission from dpa.

dpa: ‘ Weise fordert mehr Ein-Euro-Jobs für Flüchtlinge’, http://www.zeit.de/wirtschaft/unternehmen/2016-12/bundesagentur-arbeit-fluechtlinge-arbeitsmarkt-integration-ein-euro-jobs (Zeit Online, 2016). Reproduced with permission from dpa.

EYP: ‘ Europa lässt Staunen: Schülerforum in Haltern’, https://www.eyp.de/aktuelles/schuelerforum-haltern-am-see/ (EYP, 2017). Reproduced with permission from EYP.

D. Folkerts-Landau: ‘ Lasst sie kommen!’, www.zeit.de/politik/deutschland/2015-08/fluechtlinge-prognose-deutschland-europa (Zeit Online, 2015). Reproduced with permission from D. Folkerts-Landau.

R. Hanano: ‘ Migration’, updated by von Laura Holzäpfel in 2015, https://reset.org/knowledge/migration (RESET-Redaktion, 2009 & 2015). Reproduced with permission from Reset.org.

J. Hensel: Zonenkinder, (Rowohlt, 2002). Copyright © 2002 Rowohlt Verlag GmbH, Reinbek bei Hamburg. Reproduced with permission from Rowohlt Verlag GMbH.

F. Jiménez: ‘ Smartphones verbannen ist einfach, aber nicht klug’, https://www.welt.de/wissenschaft/article141084460/Smartphones-verbannen-ist-einfach-aber-nicht-klug.html (Die Welt, 2015). Reproduced with permission from Axel Springer Syndication.

L. Kikol: ‘ Frauen, wagt mehr Größenwahn!’, http://www.zeit.de/2016/37/kuenstlerinnen-kunstmarkt-benachteiligung-auktionen (Zeit Online, 2016). Reproduced with permission from Zeitverlag.

Kunstmuseum Basel: ‘ Fokus Papier: Raumdenken – Denkräume’, https://kunstmuseumbasel.ch/de/ausstellungen/2017/fokus-papier (unstmuseum Basel, 2017. Reproduced with permission from Kunstmuseum Basel.

S. Lange: DJ Westradio. ‘ Meine glückliche DDR-Jugend’, (Aufbau Verlag, 2008) © Aufbau Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin 2007, 2008. Reproduced with permission from Aufbau Verlag.

C. Lobenstein and K. Rudzio: ‘ Ein Jahr in Deutschland’, http://www.zeit.de/2016/48/fluechtlinge-syrien-unternehmer-erfahrungen-erfolg (Zeit Online, 2016). Reproduced with permission from Zeitverlag.

J. Opielka: ‘ Noch deutsch oder schon polnisch?’, http://www.fr.de/politik/polen-noch-deutsch-oder-schon-polnisch-a-415378  (Frankfurter Rundschau, 2015). Reproduced with permission from J. Opielka.

H. Rauterberg: http://www.zeit.de/2012/04/Architektur-Haeuser (Zeit Online, 2012). Reproduced with permission from Zeitverlag.

ReachOut Berlin: text including photos by Tatote, Jörg Möller. (ReachOut, 2017). Reproduced with permission from ARIBA e.V / ReachOut.

F. Schubert: ‘ Weiß, männlich – Opfer’, http://www.fr.de/fr-serien/fr-serie--auf-die-fresse-/rassismus-weiss-maennlich-opfer-a-304184 (Frankfurter Rundschau, 2016). Reproduced with permission from Frankfurter Rundschau GmbH.

D. Siems: Warum Einwanderer ein Segen für Deutschland sind,, www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article123539929 (WELT Online, 2014). Reproduced with permission from WELT Online.

S. Sommaruga: Speech by Head of Swiss Federal Department of Justice and Police Federal Councillor, Press conference UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants (Swiss Federal Department of Justice and Police, 2016). Reproduced with permission from Swiss Federal Department of Justice and Police.

H. Storz: ‘ Migration und Integration’, www.planet-schule.de/wissenspool/entscheide-dich/inhalt/hintergrund/migration-und-integration.htm (Planet Schule). Reproduced with permission from Prof. Dr. Henning Storz.

C. Theile: Wo Menschen im Alltag diskriminiert werden, http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/rassismus-wo-menschen-im-alltag-diskriminiert-werden-1.2859890 (Süddeutsche Zeitung, 2016). Reproduced with permission from Süddeutsche Zeitung Digitale Medien GmbH.

UNESCO: ‘ Internationaler Tag gegen Rassismus’, https://www.unesco.de/wissenschaft/rassismus/welttag-gegen-rassimus.html  (UNESCO) Reproduced under the terms of the Creative Commons International Attribution License CC-BY-SA 4.0

A. Voss: Ein ty­pi­scher Tag in Brüs­sel, http://www.axel-voss-europa.de/startseite/person/arbeitsalltag-als-mdep/ein-typischer-tag-von-axel-voss-in-brussel/ (Axel Voss, 2017). Reproduced with permission from A.l Voss.

Various: Traditional and anonmymous aphorisms, courtesy of www.aphorismen.de.

Various: Traditional and anonymous tongue twisters, courtesy of https://www.heilpaedagogik-info.de/zungenbrecher/287-zungenbrecher-deutsch-sprueche.html

Film- und Literaturdossier:

Bernhard Schlink: extracts from Der Vorleser. Copyright © 1991, 1997 Diogenes Verlag AG Zurich. All rights reserved.

Heinrich Böll: extracts from Die verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum, reproduced with permission from Kiepenheuer & Witsch GmbH & Co. KG.

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck: extracts from Das Leben der anderen. Filmbuch. © Suhrkamp Verlag Frankfurt am Main 2007.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt not to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

AQA A Level Spanish for 2016

View acknowledgements

AS Assessments: "Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer" por el Departamento de Información Pú de las Naciones Unidas © 2015 United Nations. Reprinted with the permission of the United Nations; Natalia Marcos © El País; © El País; Guillermo Altares © El País; La Asociación Pedagógica y Cultural Alhambra www.alhambra.org; rincondelvago.com/obras-mas-importanes-de-francisco-de-goya.html, Orange Horizons Latina S.A. de C.V., con domicilio social en México DF, Grupo de Telecomunicaciones Orange; www.conocerbarcelona.com & civitatis.com

Photos: Shutterstock; iStock; El Movimiento de Integración y Liberación Homosexual (Movilh) Chile; Alamy Stock Photo, Rex Features, AGE Fotostock; Europa Press/Contributor/Getty Images.

Artwork: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Margaret Bond, Vincent Everett, Nicola Knott, Isabel de Sudea

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Videos: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd;  Paul Keating  (cameraman, UK); Brian Powell (sound recordist, UK); Mikel Pérez and Unai Mateo (presenter and camera and sound, Spain); Alex Rodriguez, Cesar Wang and Ariana Florentino (Actors in UK studio); Jazz Goddard (Editor); Mikel Pérez (Production Assistant); Unai Mateo and Mikel Pérez (Opening Credits)

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

Unit 1

“Las Ramblas de Barcelona”, www.conocerbarcelona.com & civitatis.com, Conocer Barcelona

"Las peticiones de divorcio han aumentado un 12,5% en un año", http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2014/12/15/actualidad/1418638869_245005.html, © ANA PÉREZ BARREDO / EDICIONES EL PAÍS, SL 2014

“Divorcio: mis padres se separan”, https://www.aepap.org/joven/divorcio.htm, Ana Martínez Rubio, pediatra y orientadora familiar Centro de Salud de Pilas (Sevilla) y AEPap

“El matrimonio en España es solo cuestión de tiempo”, http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2015/10/12/actualidad/1444669104_299557.html, © J. A. AUNIÓN / EDICIONES EL PAÍS, SL 2015

“Adolescentes eternos”, www.mejoraemocional.com, Merlina Meiler

“La moda de la cohabitación”, http://amorymatrimonio.blogspot.co.uk/2009/10/la-cohabitacion-juvenil-esta-cada-vez.html, Juan Meseguer Velasco,

“La cohabitación antes del matrimonio aumenta el riesgo de ruptura”, https://www.aceprensa.com/articles/la-cohabitacion-antes-del-matrimonio-aumenta-el-riesgo-de-ruptura/, © Aceprensa

Unit 2

“Los peligros de Internet”, http://www.elmundo.es/elmundosalud/2003/09/05/neuropsiquiatria/1062774149.html, Sofia Garcia y María Sáinz © El Mundo 05/09/2003,

“Evolución de la Comunicación”, http://foro.vodafone.es/t5/Píldoras-Geek/La-evolución-de-las-comunicaciones-móviles-y-fijas-infografía/td-p/610584, infographic © Vodafone

“Un smartphone pequeno solo en nombre”, http://tecnologia.elpais.com/tecnologia/2016/02/05/actualidad/1454684091_484297.html, Laura Pajuelo y Javier Palazón © El País 08/02/2016

“¿Cuál es el futuro de las redes sociales más populares?”, https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/163790-futuro-redes-sociales, © actualidadrt.com 19/01/2015

“Quién rayos es este joven 'desconocido' con 27 millones de seguidores”, http://elpais.com/elpais/2016/01/25/icon/1453735306_653535.html, Sara Navas © El País 03/02/2016

Unit 3

“Cómo combatir la brecha salarial entre hombres y mujeres”, http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/files/gender_pay_gap/140319_gpg_es.pdf, © Unión Europea, 2014

"Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer" por el Departamento de Información Pú de las Naciones Unidas, http://www.un.org/es/events/endviolenceday/, © 2015 United Nations. Reprinted with the permission of the United Nations

“Un transexual denuncia a dos jóvenes por pegarle una paliza e insultarle”, www.elmundo.es/andalucia/2016/02/12/56bdbea8ca474142668b461c.html, Ramón Ramos © El Mundo 12/02/2016

“Un año de avances clave y algún retroceso en los derechos civiles”,  http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2015/12/23/actualidad/1450894831_901922.html, Maria Sahuquillo © El País

Unit 4

“Paula Vázquez publica por error su teléfono y dirección en Twitter”, http://elpais.com/elpais/2012/10/22/gente/1350919008_457284.html, Natalia Marcos © El País

“No es ‘curvy’ sino talla grande”, http://elpais.com/elpais/2016/01/27/estilo/1453900927_948580.html, © El País, 27/01/2016

Unit 5

“El Mediterráneo se queda sin dieta”, http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2015/07/10/actualidad/1436486268_293201.html, Guillermo Altares © El País

Unit 6

“La historia de la Alhambra”, http://www.alhambra.org/esp/index.asp?secc=/alhambra/historia_alhambra, La Asociación Pedagógica y Cultural Alhambra

“Obras más importanes de Francisco de Goya”, http://html.rincondelvago.com/obras-mas-importanes-de-francisco-de-goya.html,  Orange Horizons Latina S.A. de C.V., con domicilio social en México DF, Grupo de Telecomunicaciones Orange

“Parque Güell”, www.conocerbarcelona.com/parque-guell, www.conocerbarcelona.com & civitatis.com

A Level Year 2

Photos: MARCOS MORENO/AFP/Getty Images; Joseph Sohm/Shutterstock; ANDREAS SOLARO/Getty Images; Ververidis Vasilis/Shutterstock; Maxisport/Shutterstock; © Bettmann/CORBIS; Fundación Secretariado Gitano; criben/Shutterstock; Peter Scholz/Shutterstock; Prometheus72/Shuttertock; Koca Vehbi/Shutterstock; Stephanie Maze/Getty Images; JOSEP LAGO/Getty Images; Thinkstock; David Ramos/Getty Images; Gideon Mendel/Getty Images; ddp USA/REX/Shutterstock; DOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images; FERNANDO VILLAR/EPA; Imagno/Getty Images; Ian Waldie/Getty Images; Neftali/Shutterstock; Marka/Superstock; ANGEL MURILLO/AFP/Getty Images; STR/Getty Images; Imagno/Getty Images; Neftali/Shutterstock; Lalocracio/iStockphoto. All other photos: Shutterstock.

Artwork by: QBS Media Services Inc.

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson at Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer)

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

A Level Spanish Repaso Extra:

Artwork by QBS Media Services Inc.

Photos and artwork: alexkich/iStockphoto; Featureflash Photo Agency/Shutterstock; Kevin Winter/Getty Images; robertonencini/Shutterstock; Vladimir Sazonov/Shutterstock. All other photos: Shutterstock.

Text permissions:

D. Ricardo, Presidente del Real Patronato del Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía; © J. A. Aunión / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2015; Carles Castro LA VANGUARDIA; © J.J. Gálvez / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; © Verónica Gómez / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; Javier Salas / EDICIONES EL PAíS S.L., 2017; 27/06/2017 EFE; 08/02/2017 EFE; 22/08/2007 EFE; Graeme Paton © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2017; © Manuel María / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; Toby Wakely © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2017; © Amara Santos / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; Portal Oficial de Turismo de España www.spain.info

Kerboodle interactives, worksheets and assessments

Photos and artwork: MARCOS MORENO/AFP/Getty Images; Joseph Sohm/Shutterstock; ANDREAS SOLARO/Getty Images; Ververidis Vasilis/Shutterstock; Maxisport/Shutterstock; © Bettmann/CORBIS; Fundación Secretariado Gitano; criben/Shutterstock; Peter Scholz/Shutterstock; Prometheus72/Shuttertock; Koca Vehbi/Shutterstock; Stephanie Maze/Getty Images; JOSEP LAGO/Getty Images; Thinkstock; David Ramos/Getty Images; Gideon Mendel/Getty Images; ddp USA/REX/Shutterstock; DOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images; FERNANDO VILLAR/EPA; Imagno/Getty Images; Ian Waldie/Getty Images; Neftali/Shutterstock; Marka/Superstock; ANGEL MURILLO/AFP/Getty Images; STR/Getty Images; Imagno/Getty Images; Neftali/Shutterstock; Lalocracio/iStockphoto. All other photos: Shutterstock.Artwork by QBS Media Services Inc.

 

Unit 1

www.abc.es; Isabel F. Lantigua 16/12/2016 © El Mundo; Tomado con autorización del sitio web www.mequieroir.com. © MeQuieroIr.com. Todos los derechos reservados; © Joan Faus / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; © Esperanza Codina / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; Tomado con autorización del sitio web www.mequieroir.com. © MeQuieroIr.com. Todos los derechos reservados; Pilar Roldán Usó © EL ESPECTADOR IMAGINARIO; http://www.elespectadorimaginario.com/el-norte/ ; © Esperanza Codina © NOMBRE DEL AUTOR / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; © EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; www.eltiempo.com; Ángel Calleja 30/07/2014 © 20minutos; David Page y María G. Mayo 05/05/2011 © El Mundo; Cristina Bringas © EL ESPECTADOR IMAGINARIO http://www.elespectadorimaginario.com/la-jaula-de-oro-2/; Enrique Vásquez www.enriquevasquez.org; http://www.abc.es/20111215/sociedad/abci-inmigrantes-espanol-carga-201112151557.html; PanAm Post; Olga R. Sanmartin 06/10/11 © El Mundo

Unit 2

© Patricia Ortega Dolz / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos (OACNUDH); © Pablo Pérez / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; © Sara Lorente/Elizabeth Ramírez / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2014; © Rebecca Carranco / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2014; marca.com; http://www.elbullying.com/acoso-escolar-racista-racismo-xenofobia-xenofobo/; Tomado con autorización del sitio web www.mequieroir.com. © MeQuieroIr.com. Todos los derechos reservados

Unit 3

© La Voz de Almería; © FUNDACIÓN SECRETARIADO GITANO; www.eldiario.es; © Jacobo Pedraza / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; Extracto del artículo publicado en el nº113 de Nueva Revista de Política, Cultura y Arte (octubre 2007) “¿Qué ofrece la escuela pública a los inmigrantes?”; © Rebeca Carranco / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; FUNDACIÓN SECRETARIADO GITANO; http://www.definicionabc.com/general/eta.php; EFE 25/06/2008; Martin Varsavsky 21/07/2008

Unit 4

Isabel Munera 24/12/2016 © El Mundo; © Gustavo A Franco / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; © infoLibre; Alberto Muñoz 09/04/2015 © El Mundo; www.abc.es; A. Larrañeta © 20minutos; Isabel Munera 11/08/2016 © El Mundo; A. Larrañeta © 20minutos; © EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016

Unit 5

© Elia Tabuenca; Teresa Guerrero 02/06/2014 © El Mundo; © Rosa Jimenez Cano / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; www.biografiasyvidas.com; © Miquel Alberola / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; © 1988 Manuel Rivas Licencia editorial otorgada por Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial, S.A.U.; www.biografiasyvidas.com; Vicente Aleixandre, Fragmento de "Oda a los niños de Madrid muertos por la metralla", Romancero General de la Guerra Española, © 1937, Herederos de Vicente Aleixandre; © Monarquía Confidencial http://www.monarquiaconfidencial.com/espana/pregunta-Letizia-visita-Nueva-York_0_2350564932.

Unit 6

14/02/17 © 20minutos; Hector M. Garrido 10/05/2012 © 20minutos; Javier Redondo (Profesor de Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad Carlos III), 15/02/2012 © El Mundo; © EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; 12/05/2016 © 20minutos; © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2011; Comisiones Obreras de Andalucía: https://www.upo.es/ccoo; © Sergio C. Fanjul / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; www.infobae.com; © ILO Publications www.losreplicantes.com; © Jessica Mouzo Quintáns & Alfonso L. Congostrina / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; © María R. Sahuquillo / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2017; © Mar Centenera / EDICIONES EL PAÍS S.L., 2016; EFE 01/07/2015; www.eldiario.es

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

AQA GCSE French (9-1)

View acknowledgements

Photos: Shutterstock; Thinkstock; iStock; Alamy Stock Photo.

Artwork: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Jean-Claude Gilles, Stuart Glover, Steve Harrison, Amandine Moores, Rob Pike, Kirsty Thathapudi and Melissa Weir.

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Videos: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Paul Keating (cameraman); Brian Powell (sound recordist); Juliet Dante and twins Sara and Nur Bortolotti (actors); Jazz Goddard (Editor); Mikel Perez and Unai Mateo (Production Assistants); Anny King and Colette Thomson (Scripts).

AQA-style GCSE practice papers:

Albert Camus: extract from L’Étranger, © Editions Gallimard

Marcel Pagnol: extract from Manon des Sources, Coll Fortunio, Editions de Fallois @ Marcel Pagnol, 2004

Mini-readers: Monkey Business/Fotolia; Nicolas McComber/iStockphoto; Gabriela Medina/Blend Images/ Corbis; Dennis Drenner/Aurora Open/ Glow Images; Martin Good/ Shutterstock; Au Revoir Les Enfants [FR/W GER 1987]/Ronald Grant Archive; Jacek Chabraszewski/Shutterstock; Éditions Thierry Magnier; The Advertising Archives; Featureflash/Shutterstock; Ivan Pavlov/Shutterstock; Vladitto/Shutterstock; Ivan Varyukhin/Shutterstock; Iakov Kalinin/Shutterstock.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

AQA GCSE German (9-1)

View acknowledgements

Photos: Shutterstock; iStock; Alamy Stock Photo.

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Helen Kent, Heather Murphy, Alan O’Brien, David Riddell, Melissa Weir.

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Video recordings: videos produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Paul Keating (cameraman); Brian Powell (sound recordist); Ryan Wichert and Cedrik and Jonas Neber (actors); Andrea Hertweck (scripts); Jazz Goddard (editor);  Mikel Pérez and Unai Mateo (production assistants), Olatz Arkarazo (opening titles).

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

2.2 H reading interactive: www.datenschutzbeauftragter-info.de , intersoft consulting services AG
Source: Kinder und Datenschutz – Aufklärung hilft!, 19. Oktober 2011

5.2 H reading worksheet: www.heidelberg-marketing.de, Heidelberg Marketing GmbH

6.1 H reading worksheet: www.freiwilligenarbeit.de/volunteer-nepal-strassenkinder-projekt.html; KARMALAYA - heart work & soul travel GmbH

7.2 H reading assessment: www.wwf.de Quelle: WWF Deutschland, 2015

8.2 F reading worksheet: www.touristeninformation-dresden.de, Markus Bracklow from Touristeninformation für Dresden

8.2 F strategy worksheet: https://www.zuerich.com, © Zürich Tourism/Gretta Bott.

Practice Paper 3 Reading, Question 8 (Foundation) and Question 2 (Higher): abridged and adapted extract from Hermann Bauer, Der Fremde im kleinen Dorf, reproduced with permission from Hermann Bauer.

Practice Paper 3 Reading, Question 10 (Foundation): abridged extract from Heinrich Böll, Das Brot der frühen Jahre. Reproduced with permission from Kiepenheuer & Witsch GmbH & Co. KG.

Practice Paper 3 Reading, Question 10 (Higher): abridged extract from Max Frisch, Homo faber. Ein Bericht. © Suhrkamp Verlag Frankfurt am Main 1957. All rights reserved by and controlled through Suhrkamp Verlag Berlin.

Mini-readers: LWA/Dan Tardiff/Photolibrary; Chassenet/Photolibrary; Robert Nicholas/Alamy/Photolibrary; Klaus Ohlenschlager/DPA Picture Alliance; Peter Gudella/Shutterstock; WoodyStock/Alamy/Photolibrary; Catchlight Visual Services/Alamy/Photolibrary; Peter Gudella/Shutterstock; ZB/DPA Picture Alliance.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

AQA GCSE Spanish (9-1)

View acknowledgements

Photos: Shutterstock; iStock; Alamy Stock Photo.

Artwork by: Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.

Authors: Samantha Broom, John Halksworth, Viv Halksworth, Richard Martin

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

Video recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Paul Keating (cameraman); Brian Powell (sound recordist); Vidal Sancho and Maria Barber Capó (actors); Colette Thomson (Scripts); Jazz Goddard (Editor);  Mikel Pérez and Unai Mateo (Production Assistants); Olatz Arkarazo (Opening Titles).

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to include extracts from copyright material:

Unit 3H Reading assessment worksheet: @ Manuela Santana, colaboradora de Inspirulina.com

Unit 4.2F Strategy worksheet: © Marta Palomo Hemoso: www.andaluciaws.com

Unit 4H Reading assessment worksheet: © www.andalucia.com and www.andalucia.com

Unit 5H Reading assessment worksheet: © Herederos de Federico Garcia Lorca

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

¡Claro! 1 Kerboodle

View acknowledgements

All images © Shutterstock, except: Getty Images/Photodisc/OUP; Hollandse Hoogte/REX/Shutterstock; THORTON/PICTURE PRESS EUR/SIPA/REX/Shutterstock; Erik Pendzich/Rex/REX/Shutterstock; Ballestero/Epa/REX/Shutterstock; Walter Bieri/Epa/REX/Shutterstock; Cameron Spencer/Getty Images; © Oxford University Press; © Alamy Ltd.; Shutterstock; © Getty Images; monkeybusinessimages/iStockphoto; DGLimages/iStockphoto; © Corbis; © Oxford University Press; Hennie Haworth; Juanmonino/iStockphoto; fstop123/iStockphoto; Joe Murphy/Getty Images; Gallo Images/Getty Images; Aaron Davidson/WireImage/Getty Images; Katch/REX/Shutterstock; Mike Nelson/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock; John Salangsang/REX/Shutterstock; Christian Vierig/Getty Images; Martin Rose - FIFA/FIFA/Getty Images; Scott Dudelson/Getty Images; ChoochartSansong/iStockphoto; Milan Kammermayer/EPA/REX/Shutterstock; Mark Bassett/OUP; Juanmonino/iStockphoto; Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images; Marilyn Nieves/iStockphoto; Chelsea Lauren/REX/Shutterstock; © Plotnikov | Dreamstime.com; a-plus image bank/Alamy Stock Photo; jslsvg/iStockphoto; bbsferrari/iStockphoto; kensorrie/iStockphoto; alxpin/iStockphoto; ManuelGonzalezOlaecheaFranco/iStockphoto; Tomacco/iStockphoto; Directphoto Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; 123rf.

Artwork by QBS Media Services Inc.

Video series: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Colette Thomson (producer/director/writer); Maddi Barrenetxea (assistant producer/opening titles; Jazz Goddard (editor); Alazne Ameztoy (sound); Paul Keating (camera); Carolina Arana, Erick Chancusig, Ruth Lujua, Mikel Tubet, Gabriela Loza, Leire Mardaras, Eneko Madaras, Ione Fernandez (actors). Thanks to: Bilbao Bizkaia Film Commission, Getxo Tourist Office, Basondo Animal Refuge, Getxo Rowing Club, Getxo Cultural House, IES Julio Caro Baroja BHI, Ana Morante.

¡Claro! 2 Kerboodle

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All images © Shutterstock, except © Alamy; © Corbis; © Getty Images; 123RF; Alex Segre/Alamy Stock Photo; Archive PL/Alamy Stock Photo; Getty Images/OUP; OUP; Tunart/iStockphoto; Wang Yuguo/Xinhua/Alamy Stock Photo.

Artwork by QBS Media Services Inc.

Video series: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Colette Thomson (producer/director/writer); Maddi Barrenetxea (assistant producer/opening titles; Jazz Goddard (editor); Alazne Ameztoy (sound); Paul Keating (camera); Carolina Arana, Erick Chancusig, Ruth Lujua, Mikel Tubet, Gabriela Loza, Leire Mardaras, Eneko Madaras, Ione Fernandez (actors). Thanks also to: Jose Ramon Basterretxea (Batu) as the Chef and Club Deportivo Galea.

Clic! 1

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Clic! 1 STAR

The publisher and authors would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs and other copyright material:

Interactives

                Translation & Transcription

Peter Horree/Alamy; Barry Mason/Alamy; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Cathleen Clapper/iStockphoto; The Antony Blake Photo Library/Alamy; Glenn Harper/Alamy; OUP; Martyn F. Chillmaid; iStockphoto; Olaru Radian-Alexandru/Shutterstock;

Worksheets

            Translation & Transcription

Sabphoto/Shutterstock

Lesson Players

Tim de Waele/Corbis UK Ltd; Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images; Alessandra Benedetti/Corbis UK Ltd; C.Walt Disney/Everett/Rex Features., ABC/Everett/Rex Features, Kerim Okten/Epa/Corbis UK Ltd, PA Photos; Issei Kato/Reuters/Corbis UK LTD; RubberBall/Alamy; Chris Schmidt/ iStockphoto; muzsy/Shutterstock; Gideon Mendel for the International HIV/aids alliance/Corbis UK Ltd; Sipa Press/Rex Features; Archivo Iconografico, S.A./Corbis UK Ltd; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; David Higham Associates; The Anthony Blake Photo Library/Alamy; Westend61/Alamy; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Cathleen Clapper/iStockphoto;  iStockPhoto; Martyn F. Chillmaid;

Clic! 1 PLUS

Interactives

            Translation and Transcription

ABC/EVERETT/REX FEATURES; Chris Schmidt/iStock Photos; Objectif Photos; Oxford University Press; Cephas Picture Library/Alamy; blickwinkel/Alamy; The Anthony Blake Photo Library/Alamy; F. Subiros/Photo Cuisine/Corbis ; Martin F Chillmaid;

            Projects

Tim De Waele/Corbis; Ekaterina Pokrovsky/Shutterstock; Denis MacDonald/Alamy; Chris Schmidt/iStock Photo;  Directphoto.org/Alamy; Mike Flippo/Shutterstock; Martyn F Chillmaid; Sylvain Cazenave/Corbis; Room27/Shutterstock; Martyn F. Chillmaid; BrianWancho/Shutterstock; MBI/OUP; Alain Couillaud/iStockphoto; Pierre Jacques/Hemis/Corbis; iStockphoto; Evgeny Karandaev/Shutterstock;

Worksheets

            Translation & Transcription

Martyn F Chillmaid; Shelly Perry/iStockphoto; Martyn F Chillmaid; Oxford University Press; Kati Neudert/iStockphoto; Peter Dazeley/Alamy; F. Subiros/Photocuisine/Corbis;

                Mini-Readers

Fabrice Lerouge/Onoky/OUP; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Joeri DE ROCKER/Alamy; Design Pics Inc/REX; Nigel Pavitt/JAI/Corbis; Roberto Soncin Gerometta/Alamy; MyLoupe/UIG/Getty Images; Edyta Pawlowska/Shutterstock; Absodels/Getty Images; Â RD/ Kabik/Retna Ltd./Corbis; Robert Ramos/Demotix/Corbis; RimDream/Shutterstock;

 

Mini-reader 6: PAM/Alexandre Brecher 

Authors:

Michael Spencer (interactive activities, worksheets)

Corinne Dzuilka-Heywood (mini-readers)

Sue Finnie and Danièle Bourdais (translation and transcription activities)

Robert Pike (projects)

Katie Lewis (lesson players)

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer); Oxford Digital Media

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Clic! 2

View acknowledgements

Clic 2 STAR

Interactives

            Translation & Transcription

Danièle Bourdais; World History Archive/Alamy; PA Photos/Empics Sport; PA Photos/Paul Smith/Empics Entertainment; Simon Heaton/SuperStock/Corbis; Stephen Strathdee/Shutterstock; Lepas/Dreamstime.com; Mike Flippo/Shutterstock; Elnur/Shutterstock; Luminis/Dreamstime.com; Evaletova/Dreamstime.com; Oleksandr Kalyna/Dreamstime.com; Norman Pogson/Dreamstime.com; Common Republic/Dreamstime.com; Larisa Lofitskaya/Shutterstock; ENE/Shutterstock; PA Photos/Mark Baker/AP; PA Photos/Gouhier Nicholas/ABACA; Rex Features/Sipa Press; Ekaterina Monakhova/I-Stock;

Worksheets

            Translation & Transcription

Clara/Shutterstock; Alvey & Towers Picture Library/Alamy; Elena Elisseeva/Dreamstime; Algre/Fotolia; Stephen Bardens/Alamy; Clara/Shutterstock; Mark Boulton/Alamy; Moviestore Collection/Warner Brothers/POK002; Nina Shannon/I-Stock; Stefano Bianchetti/Corbis; PA Photos/Charles Krupa; Radius Images/OUP; Comstock/OUP; PhotoStock10/Shutterstock; Stockbyte/OUP; Kidstock/OUP; Oleg Prikhodko/I-Stock;

Lesson Players

Alvey & Towers Picture Library/Alamy; Daniele Bourdais; Rick Becker-Leckrone/Shutterstock; Jani Bryson/I-Stock; Stephen Bardens/Alamy; Matt Antonio/Shutterstock; Kameel4u/Shutterstock; Colour Day Production/Getty; John Lund/Marc Romanelli/Getty Images;

Clic 2 PLUS

Interactives

            Translation & Transcription

Paul Hakimata Photography/Shutterstock; Rido/Shutterstock; Armin Staudt/Shutterstock; Paul Mansfield Photography/Moment/Getty Images; Monkey Business Images/Dreamstime.com; Matt Antonio/Shutterstock; Kameel4u/Shutterstock; David Davis/Dreamstime.com; Owen Franken/Corbis; Corbis/Hasbro/Handout/Reuters; Robert Kneschke/Shutterstock; varioimages GmgH & Co.KG/Alamy; Adam Korzekwa/I-Stock; Vera Bogaerts/Shutterstock; Andrey Armyagov/Shutterstock; Glenn Harper/Alamy; Andrey Armyagov/Shutterstock; Dmitry Sladkov/Dreamstime.com; PA Photos/Paul Smith/Empics Entertainment;

                Projects

Geraldine Petrovic/Corbis; Ferenc Szelepcsenyi/Shutterstock; McPix Ltd/REX; Camera Press Ltd./Alamy; Kathy Lund/Marc Romanelli/Getty Images; slon1971/Shutterstock; Oleg Kozlov/Dreamstime; Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock; Marco Mayer/Shutterstock; Rod Ferris/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Raycan/Dreamstime; Miodrag Gajic/Shutterstock;

Worksheets

                Translation & Transcription

Image Source/OUP; Clara/Shutterstock; Alvey & Towers Picture Library/Alamy; Elena Elisseeva/Dreamstime; Flynt/Dreamstime; Getty Images; Clara/Shutterstock/Nina Shannon/I-Stock/Stefano Bianchetti/Corbis; PA Photos/Mark Baker/AP; PA Photos/Gouhier Nicolas/ABACA; Rex Features/Sipa Press; Juan Estey/I-Stock/Raycan/Dreamstime/picturesbyrob/Alamy; ARTPOSE Adam Borkowski/Shutterstock;

Mini Readers

Celia Peterson/ArabianEye/Corbis; Dave & Les Jacobs/Blend Images/Corbis; Goodluz/Shutterstock; Rick Gomez/Corbis; Wire Image/Getty Images; E. Audras/Onoky/Corbis; Francis Leroy/Hemis/Corbis; RODRIGO OROPEZA/Xinhua Press/Corbis; Masterfile; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock;

Lesson Players

Daniele Bourdais; Martyn F Chillmaid; World History Archive/Alamy; PA Photos/Empics Sport; PA Photos/Paul Smith/Empics Entertainment; Rick Becker-Leckrone/Shutterstock; Jani Bryson/I-Stock; Mandy Godbehar/Shutterstock; PA Photos/AP; PA Photos/ITAR-TASS/AP; Rex Features; Colour Day Production/Getty; John Lund/Marc Romanelli/Getty Images; Marc Dietrich/Shutterstock; Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock; Ekaterina Monakhova/I-Stock; PA Photos/Charles Krupa/AP; Raycan/Dreamstime; Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock;

Authors:

Abigail Hardwick (interactive activities, worksheets)

Corinne Dzuilka-Heywood (mini-readers)

Sue Finnie and Danièle Bourdais (translation and transcription activities)

Robert Pike (projects)

Katie Lewis (lesson players)

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer); Oxford Digital Media

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Clic! 3

View acknowledgements

Clic 3 STAR

Interactives

No acknowledgements

Worksheets

            Translation & Transcription

Ronald Grant Archive;

Lesson Players

Charles Gullung/Zefa/Corbis; Olivier Laban-Mattei/AFP/Getty; Olivier Laban-Mattei/AFP/Getty; Dreamworks/ALBUM/akg-images; Ronald Grant Archive; Ronald Grant Archive; Everett Collection/REX; Ronald Grant Archive; Everett Collection/REX; c.Universal/Everett/REX; Ronald Grant Archive; Ronald Grant Archive; vario images GmbH & Co.KG; c.Universal/Everett/REX; Arnaud Chicurel/hemis.fr/Getty; Art on File/Corbis; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; J.riou/Photocuisine/Corbis; Nicholas Pitt/Alamy; Patrick Robert/Sygma/Corbis; Zooid Pictures; John Walmsley/educationphotos.co.uk; JUPITER IMAGES/COMSTOCK IMAGES/Alamy;

Clic 3 PLUS

Interactives

                Translation & Transcription

Corel/OUP; Tim Graham/Getty Images; Jorisvo/Shutterstock; Robbie Jack/Corbis; Corbis; Jim Cummins/Taxi/Getty Images; i love images/Alamy; Courtesy Everett Collection/Paramount Pictures/REX; Everett/Universal/REX; Image Broker/REX; Alinari/REX; Steve Niedorf Photography/Getty; Jim Cummins/Taxi/Getty Images; Jochen Sand/Riser/Getty; Picture Contact/Alamy;

Worksheets

            Translation & Transcription

Ronal Grant Archive;

                Mini Readers

TonyV3112/Shutterstock; AFP/Getty Images; Image Source/Glow Images; SIPA/CHINE NOUVELLE/REX; Hung Chung Chih/Shutterstock;

Lesson Players

Hubert Boesl/Dpa/Corbis; Sipa Press/Rex ; Bertrand Guay/AFP/Getty; DREAMWORKS/ALBUM/agk-images; Ronald Grant Archive; Ronald Grant Archive; Ronald Grant Archive; Ronald Grant Archive; Ronald Grant Archive; Everett Collection/Rex; c.Universal/Everett/Rex; Ronald Grant Archive; David Chapman/Alamy; vario images GmbH & Co.KG/Alamy; c.Universal/Everett/Rex; Arnaud Chicurel/hemis.fr/Getty; Art on File/Corbis; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Martyn F. Chillmaid; Patrick Robert/Sygma/Corbis;  Nokia; JUPITER IMAGES/ABLESTOCK/Alamy; Apple Computer Inc; Chris King/Oxford University Press; Zooid Pictures; FujiFilm UK; Tony Cordoza/Alamy; Goodmans/Alba Plc; John Walmsley/educationphotos.co.uk;

Authors:

Michael Spencer (interactive activities, worksheets)

Corinne Dzuilka-Heywood (mini-readers)

Robert Pike (projects, translation and transcription activities)

Katie Lewis (lesson players)

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer); Oxford Digital Media

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Echt 1

View acknowledgements

All photos © Shutterstock except where otherwise stated

GCSE-style assessments:

iStockphoto

 

End of Unit quizzes:

Getty, Alamy, iStockphoto

 

Worksheets:

iStockphoto, Alamy, Gareth Boden/OUP, ONOKY - Photononstop/Alamy Stock Photo

 

Record and Playback assessment:

iStockphoto

 

Interactive activities: imageBROKER/Alamy Stock Photo, VikramRaghuvanshi/iStockphoto, Daisy-Daisy/iStockphoto, OUP,  iStockphoto, Westend61 GmbH/Alamy Stock Photo, Moodboard/Alamy Stock Photo, Cultura Creative (RF)/Alamy Stock Photo, Arterra Picture Library/Alamy Stock Photo, MBI/Alamy Stock Photo

Artwork by QBS Media Services Inc.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

Echt 2

View acknowledgements

The publisher and authors would like to thank the following for permission to use photographs and other copyright material:

Photos:

Interactives: Africa Studio/Shutterstock; Yavdat/Shutterstock; Opat Suvi/Shutterstock; Himchenko.E/Shutterstock; Lisa-S/Shutterstock; vdimage/Shutterstock; Elnur/Shutterstock; Savvapanf Photo/Shutterstock; Kirill Ustinov/Shutterstock; Chiyacat/Shutterstock; Gemenacom/Shutterstock; ewapee/Shutterstock; Tretyakov Viktor/Shutterstock; Nattakorn_Maneerat/Shutterstock; restyler/Shutterstock; mixetto/iStock; HRAUN/iStock; ArtMarie/iStock; vitapix/iStock; Rawpixel.com/ Shutterstock; 4Max/ Shutterstock; Galina Barskaya/Shutterstock; Djordje Novakov/Shutterstock; EUROPHOTOS/Shutterstock; Kochneva Tetyana/Shutterstock; JetKat/Shutterstock; AlinaMD/Shutterstock; zhangyouyang/Shutterstock; Alessandro Tortora/Shutterstock; Olena Z/Shutterstock; New Africa/Shutterstock; Realstockvector/Shutterstock; telesniuk/Shutterstock; windu/Shutterstock; Rido/Shutterstock; Tero Vesalainen/Shutterstock; JD/Shutterstock; rvlsoft/Shutterstock; Thomas Klee/Shutterstock; Jacek Chabraszewski/Shutterstock; Sorbis/Shutterstock; siamionau pavel/Shutterstock; Oxford University Press; Natalia Barsukova/Shutterstock; Pressmaster/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Rawpixel.com/Shutterstock; Robert Kneschke/Shutterstock; gmstockstudio/Shutterstock; twistah/Shutterstock; Motortion Films/Shutterstock; Levent ALBAS/Shutterstock.

Worksheets and paper assessments: Darren Baker/Shutterstock; Carboxylase/Shutterstock; FOTOGRIN/Shutterstock; S.Borisov/Shutterstock; NYC Russ/Shutterstock; Jeffrey Blackler / Alamy Stock Photo; Marina Zezelina/Shutterstock; Pretty Vectors/Shutterstock; Ewelina Wachala/Shutterstock; 1000 Words/Shutterstock; Andrea Izzotti/Shutterstock; VOJTa Herout/Shutterstock; anela.k/Shutterstock; marcinjozwiak/Shutterstock; hydebrink/Shutterstock; oksmit/Shutterstock; RUBEN M RAMOS/Shutterstock; anela.k/Shutterstock; VOJTa Herout/Shutterstock; 1000 Words/Shutterstock; Julia Kuznetsova/Shutterstock; Lucky Business/Shutterstock; Tom Wang/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; sweet marshmallow/Shutterstock; Alexander Motrenko/Shutterstock; Fortgens Photography/iStock; AMA/Shutterstock; Bashutskyy/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Andrew Cribb/Alamy Stock Photo; VoodooDot/Shutterstock; Alexander Ryabintsev/Shutterstock; D Line/Shutterstock; Arcady/Shutterstock; alifahasr/Shutterstock; Sohell/Shutterstock; Iakov Filimonov/Shutterstock; pixelheadphoto digitalskillet/Shutterstock; Jozef Polc/123RF Limited; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Pixel-Shot/Shutterstock; Zurijeta/Shutterstock; Daisy Daisy/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; DGLimages/Shutterstock; William Perugini/Shutterstock; Zivica Kerkez/Shutterstock; canadastock/Shutterstock; stockfour/Shutterstock; Aleksey Fefelov/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Roberto Caucino/Shutterstock; Deyan Georgiev/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Darren Baker/Shutterstock; frantic00/Shutterstock; Andrey Armyagov/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Mistervlad/Shutterstock; Ceri Breeze/Shutterstock; NiE PROJECT/Shutterstock; rodcoffee/Shutterstock; CatherineLProd/Shutterstock; Soloviova Liudmyla/Shutterstock; Marc Scruton/iStock/Getty Images; Jag_cz/Shutterstock; OlFedv/iStock/Getty Images; Romolo Tavani/Shutterstock; Guenter Albers/Shutterstock; GrayWallStudio/Shutterstock; fizkes/Shutterstock; Lakeview Images/Getty Images; Denis Cristo/Shutterstock; ZoranOrcik/Shutterstock; BAZA Production/Shutterstock; Lucky Business/Shutterstock; Andrey_Popov/Shutterstock; Ivan Mateev/Shutterstock; Motortion Films/Shutterstock; Lutsenko_Oleksandr/Shutterstock; Jacek Chabraszewski/Shutterstock; DGLimages/Shutterstock; ArtMarie/Getty Images; Serghei Starus/Shutterstock; Photoroyalty/Shutterstock; izzet ugutmen/Shutterstock; Dragon Images/Shutterstock; Kzenon/Shutterstock; P_Art/Shutterstock; Backgroundy/Shutterstock; hyamalamuralinath/Shutterstock; vvoe/Shutterstock; DGLimages/Shutterstock; Ilari Nackel/Shutterstock; VH-studio/Shutterstock; Halfpoint/Shutterstock; Veya/Shutterstock; Madhourse/Shutterstock; adriaticfoto/Shutterstock; SolStock/iStock/Getty Images; Alex Tihonovs/Shutterstock; Mangostar/Shutterstock; Serhii Bobyk/Shutterstock; Katerina Davidenko/123rf; NatUlrich/Shutterstock; NatUlrich/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Kamae; Tracy Whiteside/Shutterstock; pixelheadphoto digitalskillet/Shutterstock; AJR_photo/Shutterstock; P_Art/Shutterstock; VGstockstudio/Shutterstock; Tracy Whiteside/Shutterstock; pixelheadphoto digitalskillet/Shutterstock; Master1305/Shutterstock; Ljupco Smokovski/Shutterstock; Daniel M Ernst/Shutterstock; Inside Creative House/Shutterstock; Daniel M Ernst/Shutterstock; ESB Professional/Shutterstock; Blue Planet Studio/Shutterstock; PaolikPhotos/Shutterstock; Antonio Guillem/Shutterstock; VH-studio/Shutterstock; Mariia Korneeva/Shutterstock.

Grammar Presentations: Dmitry Molchanov/Shutterstock; Alena Ozerova/Shutterstock; J.Schelkle/Shutterstock; DGLimages/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Raymond Douglas Ewing/Shutterstock; Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH/Shutterstock; Wassana Mathipikhai/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; MJTH/Shutterstock; taranchic/Shutterstock; Syda Productions/Shutterstock; Jag_cz/Shutterstock; michaeljung/Shutterstock; William Perugini/Shutterstock; Finn stock/Shutterstock.

Artwork by Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd., Joseph Wilkins, Jordan Kincaid, Matt Ward, Kamae Design.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders before publication. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

French A Level for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Photodisc/Getty; Digital Vision/Photolibrary

On your marks: Getty/Photodisc; Courtesy of France-Terre-Asile; Living Legend/Fotolia

Interactive activity: hutale/Fotolia; acitore/istockphoto; Quavondo Nguyen/istockphoto; Andrew Kendall/istockphoto; eurobanks/istockphoto; ronen/istockphoto; Ryan Christensen/istockphoto; DanBrandenburg/istockphoto; DaydreamsGirl/istockphoto; AleksandrL/istockphoto; Ryan Christensen/istockphoto; DanBrandenburg/istockphoto; DaydreamsGirl/istockphoto; AleksandrL/istockphoto; alexh/istockphoto; jaroon/istockphoto; yozks/istockphoto; bluestocking/istockphoto; yozks/istockphoto; jaroon/istockphoto; Astroid/istockphoto; bluestocking/istockphoto; Matejay/istockphoto; mladn61/istockphoto; -art-siberia-/istockphoto; Europa Corp./Canal+/MGM/The Kobal Collection; Marvel/Sony Pictures/The Kobal Collection; annedehaas/istockphoto; Maica/istockphoto; REX/Sipa Press; Patrick Robert/Sygma/CORBIS; S. Greg Panosian/istockphoto; Alex Segre/Alamy; Chinatown/Alamy; lopris/istockphoto; adlifemarketing/istockphoto; WendellandCarolyn/istockphoto; RichLegg/istockphoto; 66North/istockphoto; barsik/istockphoto; Alexey Avdeev/istockphoto; Olivier Lantzendörffer/istockphoto; Simone van den Berg/Fotolia; jaroon/istockphoto; WendellandCarolyn/istockphoto; Alexey Avdeev/istockphoto; kickstand/istockphoto; caracterdesign/istockphoto; efenzi/istockphoto; istockphoto; sophie4/istockphoto; RobertH2255; DR et N. Chavassus / Science & Vie 1086; Ian Bracegirdle/istockphoto; Alex Rowland/istockphoto; Liv Friis-larsen/Fotolia; REX/Sipa Press; paul Prescott/Alamy; Robert Fried/Alamy; Quirex/istockphoto; Chhobi/Fotolia; Neso/Fotolia; European Communities, 1995-2008; Brasil2/istockphoto

Test yourself: Aldo Murillo/istockphoto; Phil Date/BigStockPhoto.com; Peter Titmuss/Alamy; Galderma image courtesy of Galderma (UK) Ltd; mabe123/istockphoto; eurobanks/istockphoto; Andrey Parfenov/istockphoto; izusek/istockphoto; Victor Prikhodko/istockphoto; annedehaas/istockphoto; Tomasz Tulik/istockphoto; Ivonnewierink/bigstockphoto; npix/istockphoto; zlobina/istockphoto; RichVintage/istockphoto; Duncan Walker/istockphoto; alina_hart/istockphoto; 123RF Limited; Björn Kindler/istockphoto; lopris/istockphoto; Baldur Tryggvason/istockphoto; Edyta Pawlowska/BigStockPhoto.com; Jani Bryson/istockphoto; Dan Moore/istockphoto; cdwheatley/istockphoto; narvikk/istockphoto; sculpies/Fotolia; Floris Sloof; Dmitry Sunagatov/Fotolia; Don Tonge/Alamy; Joachim Naas/Fotolia; Sipa Press/Rex Features; rezner/Fotolia; hidesy/istockphoto; Scrofula/istockphoto; Olivier Tuffé/Fotolia; Anyka/Fotolia; Edyta Pawlowska/Fotolia; jenny/Fotolia; Le Projet Galileo: Christopher Nolan/Fotolia

Audio roleplay activity: Katja Govorushchenko 2007/Iconogenic; Konstantin Tavrov/Fotolia; matthewleesdixon/istockphoto

Audio record activity: Kristin Smith; Gideon Mendel/CORBIS; Damir Spanic; Daniel Bendjy; paulo cruz/Fotolia; iMAGINE/Fotolia; Liba Taylor/photolibrary.com; Edyta Pawlowska/Fotolia

Extension listening worksheet: Chris Pollack/istockphoto; Synergee/istockphoto

Extension reading activity: E.Kernick/fotolia

Presentation: REX/Everett Collection; REX/Sipa Press; REX/Startraks Photo; REX/Sipa Press; REX/Sipa Press; REX/Greg Allen; REX/David Fisher

Examination-style questions: jane/istockphoto; quavondo/istockphoto; mjl84/Fotolia; Jane Norton/istockphoto; quavondo/istockphoto; mjl84/Fotolia; arkna/Fotolia; jacomstephens/istockphoto; Fotolia VII/Fotolia; stockphoto4u/istockphoto; isitsharp/istockphoto; Bob Thomas/istockphoto; Matt Cardy/Getty Images; Sergey Peterman/Thinkstock; Alexander Yakovlev/Thinkstock; David Parsons/istockphoto; Ian Bracegirdle/istockphoto; Carrie Bottomley/istockphoto; Peter Cade/Getty Images; Gelp/Fotolia; paulo cruz/Fotolia; Peter Cade/Getty Images; nojustice/istockphoto; 2008 Joseph C Justice Jr, Justice Images, all rights reserved; deaff/Fotolia; kreicher/istockphoto; Bambu Productions/Getty Images

Worksheet: Guillaume Dubé/istockphoto; Brian Weed/BigStockPhoto.com; Patryk Galka/istockphoto; Anyka/Fotolia; Ashley Cooper/Alamy; Nick Byrne/istockphoto; AFP/Getty Images

Audio: Fondation Nicolas Hulot pour la Nature et l’Homme; La rédaction de LCI.fr; La rédaction de LCI.fr; AFP; Fondation Nicolas Hulot pour la Nature et l’Homme; Linternaute.com; AVES France

Audio recording by: Footstep Productions (www.footstepproductions.com)

Commissioned video by: NordPro Sweden KB and Footstep Productions (www.footstepproductions.com)

Illustrations by: Mark Draisey, Andy Peters, Graham Smith (c/o The Bright Agency)

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

French GCSE for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Photolibrary; Chase Jarvis/Getty Images

Audio role play: P_Wei/istockphoto; track5/istockphoto; dennysb/istockphoto; Justagirl./BigStockPhoto; Moodboard/123rf.com; Dominique LUZY/Fotolia; Sébastien Closs/Fotolia; monkeybusinessimages/istockphoto

Practice Assessment questions: AQA; Istockphoto; AQA; Istockphoto

Worksheet: AQA; istockphoto

Audio recording by: Hart Mc Leod (www.hartmcleod.co.uk); Footstep productions (www.footstepproductions.com); Voiceovers-UK (www.voiceovers-uk.com)

Commissioned video by: NordPro Sweden KB (www.nordpro.se)

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

German A Level for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Roy Botterell/Corbis; Avatra Images/Alamy

Interactive activity: www.Klack.de, WDR mediagroup GmbH; SWR Media Services GmbH, SUPER RTL; Arte GEIE, www.prisma.de; Kronick/istockphoto; marie-herberger.de; Peter Zelei/istockphoto; Mark Draisy; Pavel Kruglov/istockphoto; Kateryna Govorushchenko/istockphoto; Alexander Yakovlev/istockphoto; Zdenka Micka/istockphoto; Bonita Cheshier/BigStockPhoto.com; absolut_100/istockphoto; geotrac/istockphoto; jhorrocks/istockphoto; CarlssonInc/istockphoto; Burcin Tuncer/istockphoto; Kristina Smirnova/istockphoto; Jill Chen/istockphoto; Elnur/istockphoto; Chris Bernard/istockphoto; Joshua Lopez/Fotolia; Joshua Lopez/Fotolia; Luministes/istockphoto; Alex/Fotolia; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; nico_blue/istockphoto; Jitalia17/istockphoto; iconogenic/istockphoto; Elnur/istockphoto; KMITU/istockphoto; nazira_g/Fotolia; Igor Burchenkov/istockphoto; BlaneyPhoto/istockphoto; Kevin Russ/istockphoto; Chris Schmidt/istockphoto; Kronick/istockphoto; Krystian Kaczmarski/istockphoto; TomasSereda/istockphoto; Picsfive/istockphoto; skodonnell/istockphoto; ConstantinosZ/istockphoto; technotr/istockphoto; philipus/Fotolia; Maroš Markovic/Fotolia; Peter Eckhardt/istockphoto; sculpies/Fotolia; Leif Norman/istockphoto; McCanner/Alamy; LeggNet/istockphoto; Kim Warden/fotolia

On your marks: cineclassico/Alamy; urbancow/istockphoto; video1/istockphoto; picture-alliance/dpa; picture-alliance/ dpa; InkkStudios/istockphoto; Friedrich von Horsten/Alamy; crusz-ballmode.de; keinbockaufnazis.de

Worksheet: KMITU/istockphoto; Giovanni Antico/istockphoto; Edward White/Fotolia; max blain/Fotolia; Fullvalue/Fotolia; David Davis/Fotolia; Patrick A. Krost/istockphoto; a40757/istockphoto; typo-graphics/istockphoto; mh-fotos/istockphoto; Radius Images/Corbis; Reuters/CORBIS

Reading support sheet: Jrroman/istockphoto; Bernd Zimmermann, www.kurs.de; Fujifilm

Writing support sheet: BMW AG; TUI AG, Hannover, Deutschland; Parship GmbH; Biomedica Pharma-Produkte GmbH; Robert Straub GmbH; Michael Ochs Archives/Getty; Benecol; carpediem.com

Speaking support worksheet: Jeremiah Deasey/istockphoto; mrbfaust/istockphoto; Konstantin Grebnev/istockphoto; Dmitriy Filippov/istockphoto; jhorrocks/istockphoto

Examination-style questions: Sonya Etchison/Fotolia; NBCUPHOTOBANK/Rex Features; blue eye/Fotolia; Thomas at Wikipedia; picture-alliance/dpa; Philip Lange/Fotolia; Heidi Spring-Jones, 2007; Brian Toro/istockphoto; Lee Daniels/istockphoto; Craig Lovell/ eagle Visions Photography/Alamy; SIEMONEIT RONALD/ CORBIS SYGMA; Edelman GmbH; Rafa Irusta/Fotolia; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Ron Hudson/Fotolia; michelstock/Fotolia; sturti/istockphoto; Miravision/Fotolia; Sandnes/Fotolia; Alexander Aisenstadt/Fotolia; Mari/istockphoto; Taolmor/Fotolia; Nathalie P/Fotolia; Monkey Business/fotolia

Test yourself: DX/Fotolia; David Parsons/istockphoto; Andy Olsen/istockphoto; Ian Bracegirdle/istockphoto; Andreas Weber/istockphoto; luoman/istockphoto; KaYann/Fotolia; Miroslava Vilimova/Alamy; Pinkshot/Fotolia; imagebroker/Alamy; Vaclav Zilvar/Fotolia; Blend Images/Alamy; Rob Crandall/Alamy; pidjoe/istockphoto; Caro/Alamy; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Brianna may/istockphoto; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; Michelle D. Parker Rodriguez/Fotolia; Mikael Damkier/Fotolia; Ljupco Smokovski/Fotolia; Janine Wiedel Photolibrary/Alamy; LOU OATES/Fotolia; Ursula Deja/Fotolia; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Paco Ayala/Fotolia; Hugh O'Neill/Fotolia; Howard Sandler/Fotolia

Audio record activity: Carrie Bottomley/istockphoto; Otmar Smit/istockphoto; luoman/istockphoto; bilderbox/Fotolia; UpperCut Images/Alamy; davorr/Fotolia; Karin Jehle/Fotolia; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; eva serrabassa/istockphoto

Audio: Written and performed by Aixellent, www.myspace.com/aixellent, www.aixellent.de.vu; written and performed by Salvatore Fresta; by Michael Well, performed by Biermösl Blosn, from the album Wo Samma; Ivan Bodley / Jazz / Funk Unit., www.phunque.com; performed by Bertalan Percsi from Hungary, voice from GOD; by Friday; by Lukasband (lyrics and music by Herbert Lukas); www.abudtone.de.am; 100%, written and performed by Aixellent, www.sfv.de, www.aixellent.de.vu

Audio recording by: Footstep Productions Ltd. (www.footstepproductions.com)

Commissioned video by: NordPro Sweden KB (www.nordpro.se) and OS Media Service (www.os-mediaservice.de)

Illustrations by: Stephen Elford

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

German GCSE for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Hayden Richard Verry/Alamy; Fredrik Arnell/istockphoto

Reading activity: JoeBiafore/istockphoto; og-vision/istockphoto; creacart/istockphoto; Rolphus/istockphoto; stocknshares/istockphoto; Lane Erickson/Fotolia; JoeBiafore/istockphoto; og-vision/istockphoto; creacart/istockphoto; Claudiad/istockphoto; Galina Barskaya/Fotolia; Rolphus/istockphoto; stocknshares/istockphoto; Lane Erickson/fotolia

Worksheet: Denis Pepin/Fotolia; kcline/istockphoto; Denis Pepin/Fotolia; kcline/istockphoto; sonne07/Fotolia; lisafx/istockphoto; AQA; Istockphoto; IngredientsPhoto/istockphoto; AFP/Getty Images; AQA; thehague/istockphoto; joshblake/istockphoto; Westend61/Fotolia; Klaus Heidemann/Fotolia; sg/Fotolia; AQA; philw/BigStockPhoto; visual28/BigStockPhoto; AQA; Denis Pepin/Fotolia; kcline/istockphoto ; jvejlupek/istockphoto; cartoonline.biz; AQA; lisafx/istockphoto; AQA; Istockphoto; IngredientsPhoto/istockphoto; sonne07/Fotolia; AFP/Getty Images; AQA; thehague/istockphoto; joshblake/istockphoto;Westend61/Fotolia; Klaus Heidemann/Fotolia; Alta.C/Fotolia; sg/Fotolia; AQA; philw/BigStockPhoto; visual28/BigStockPhoto; AQA

Reading interactive: Claudiad/istockphoto; Galina Barskaya/Fotolia

Audio role play: AnaBGD/istockphoto; LynWatanabe.com/Fotolia; soundsnaps/Fotolia; Dawn/Fotolia; Falko Matte/Fotolia; Corbis/Fotolia

Listening activity: ToGo/istockphoto; Marje/istockphoto; andrewmedina/istockphoto; istockphoto; marg99ar/istockphoto; davelogan/istockphoto; pink_cotton_candy/istockphoto; spxChrome/istockphoto; sjlocke/istockphoto; wh1600/istockphoto; jhorrocks/istockphoto; nwinter/istockphoto; Ana Blazic Pavlovic/Fotolia; Timmary/Shutterstock; Volodymyr Krasyuk/Shutterstock; nattstudio/Fotolia; Shutterstock; Supertrooper/Shutterstock; M. Unal Ozmen/Shutterstock; Ana Blazic Pavlovic/Fotolia

Grammar activity: Coloures-pic/Fotolia; Visual Concepts/Fotolia

Audio stimulus: Lulla/Fotolia

Test yourself: monkeybusinessimages/istockphoto; oscar williams/Fotolia; Szasz-Fabian Erika/Fotolia; monkeybusinessimages/istockphoto

Audio recording by: Hart McLeod (www.heartmcleod.co.uk); Voiceovers-UK (www.voiceovers-uk.com); Footstep productions (www.footstepproductions.com)

Commissioned video by: NordPro Sweden KB (www.nordpro.se)

Illustrations by: Lightbox; AQA

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Spanish A Level for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: ImageShop/Corbis; James Sparshatt/Corbis

Interactive activity: Bastar/istockphoto; Robert Hunt/istockphoto; Nancy Nehrig/istockphoto; Jacom Stephens/istockphoto; constantgardener/istockphoto; Ronald Hudson/Fotolia; SouthAmerica Photos/Alamy; Imagestate Media Partners Limited - Impact Photos/Alamy; Travelscape Images/Alamy; Westend 61/Alamy; Hemis/Alamy; andres/bigstockphoto.com; Gina Smith/Fotolia; Shantell/istockphoto; Manoj Mundapat/istockphoto; PLAINVIEW/istockphoto; Christian Wheatley/istockphoto; Jason Verschoor/istockphoto; Marcus Clackson/istockphoto; Elke Dennis/istockphoto; Dariusz Urbanczyk/Fotolia; digitalskillet/istockphoto; Juan Monino/istockphoto; Alberto Paredes/Alamy; Uros Petrovic/Fotolia; James Quine/Alamy; Julio Etchart/Alamy; RolMat/Fotolia; Neil Setchfield/Alamy; Simone van den Berg/istockphoto; Andreas Reh/istockphoto; David Stevenson/istockphoto; Robert Lerich/istockphoto; Martin Carlsson/istockphoto; Renee Jansoa/Fotolia; Andrei Nekrassov/istockphoto; Eliza Snow/istockphoto; technotr/istockphoto; Sean Locke/istockphoto; iofoto/istockphoto; Oleksandr Staroseltsev/istockphoto; bluestocking/istockphoto; imagestock/istockphoto; Andrzej Stajer/istockphoto; Maica/istockphoto; Vladimir Surkov/istockphoto; Vasko Miokovic/istockphoto; AdShooter/istockphoto; Daniel Loiselle/istockphoto; thebroker/istockphoto; MorePixels/istockphoto; pidjoe/istockphoto; chictype/istockphoto; kgtoh/istockphoto; vm/istockphoto; chicagophoto/BigStockPhoto.com; Nick Hanna/Alamy; Gary Roebuck/Alamy; Martin Bobrovsky/Alamy; Alexander Raths/istockphoto; Paul Kline/istockphoto; Consumer.es

Worksheet: www.cuatro.com; www.antena3.com; www.telecinco.es; Radio Televisión Española; www.lasexta.com; Tony Anderson/Getty Images; Jacob Wackerhausen/istockphoto; Hasan Shaheed/istockphoto; Carmen Martínez Banús/istockphoto; Joey Nelson/istockphoto; CIS sondeo 2599 2006; ShaneKato/istockphoto; JenniferPhotographyImaging/istockphoto; Jacom Stephens/istockphoto; Jeff McDonald/istockphoto; UDL images/ICC; winterling/istockphoto; Mixmike/istockphoto; UDL images/ICC; Greg Nicholas/istockphoto; UDL images/ICC; Topham Picturepoint/TopFoto.co.uk; WireImage/Getty Images; Greenpeace 2008; vampixo.wix.com; Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

Presentation: Eric Foltz/istockphoto

Extension reading: Fotolia

Extension listening: Feverpitched/istockphoto

Examination-style questions: David H. Lewis/istockphoto; Rich Legg/istockphoto; Haider Yousuf/istockphoto; Simone van den Berg/Fotolia; RichVintage/istockphoto; Graeme Purdy/istockphoto; Krzysztof Kwiatkowski/istockphoto; ericsphotography/istockphoto; Tomasz Tulik/istockphoto; pixalot/istockphoto; track5/istockphoto; Dean Mitchell/istockphoto; infoener.com; onfilm/istockphoto; Grafissimo/istockphoto; Manuel Lerida/epa/Corbis; Blue_Cutler/istockphoto; Image Source/Alamy

Audio roleplay activity: Nikada/istockphoto; Roma/istockphoto; coldimages/istockphoto; Manuel Lerida/epa/Corbis; Kevin Foy/Alamy; Peter Cade/Getty Images; Sipa Press/Rex Features; I love images/Fotolia; andres balcazar

On your marks: toddarbini/istockphoto; Photogenix/Alamy; Alamy

Audio recording by: Footstep Productions (www.footstepproductions.com)

Commissioned video by: Lucentum Digital, Alicante, Spain, Post-Production: Lucentum Digital

Illustrations by: Mark Draisy, Clive Goodyer, Andy Peters, David Russell Illustration, Eric Smith, Graham Smith (c/o The Bright Agency), Martin Sanders (c/o Beehive Illustration)

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Spanish GCSE for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photos: Digital Vision/Photolibrary; Carmen Martínez Banús

Worksheet: GordonsLife/istockphoto; Rui Vale de Sousa/Fotolia; keeweeboy/istockphoto; follow777/istockphoto; Jacques Jangoux/Alamy; beckyrockwood/istockphoto; Mandy Godbehear/123rf.com; Beth Van Trees/Fotolia; aldomurillo/istockphoto; manley099/istockphoto; jmsilva/istockphoto; RichVintage/istockphoto; Gregory Pace/Corbis; eyecrave/istockphoto; juanstey/istockphoto; Romain Forquy; andres/BigStockPhoto.com; Jon Feingersh/zefa/Corbis; jgroup/istockphoto; Cathy Yeulet/123rf.com; Gregory Pace/Corbis; Dndavis/123rf.com; loutocky/Fotolia; Iriza/bigstockphoto.com; davidf/istockphoto; DaydreamsGirl/istockphoto; Daxus/istockphoto; PICTURETIME/Fotolia; Rui Vale de sousa/Thinkstock; Andresr/Shutterstock; Jaimie Duplass/Fotolia; barsik/istockphoto; Rui Vale de sousa/Thinkstock; billnoll/istockphoto; bowdenimages/istockphoto; alvarez/istockphoto; jmsilva/istockphoto; Jbryson/istockphoto; PICTURETIME/Fotolia; Ridofranz/istockphoto; YuriaIbarra/istockphoto; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; Milan Jurkovic/Fotolia; Geo Martinez/123rf.com; rgbspace/Fotolia; Albo; Paul Prescott; Jamie Carroll; Antonio Jorge Nunes; davidf/istockphoto; Jose Manuel Gelpi Diaz; jackmicro/Jackhollingsworth.com; Juanmonino/istockphoto; drbimages/istockphoto; alvarez/istockphoto; CESAR RANGEL/Stringer/Getty Images; AQA; matthewleesdixon/istockphoto; AQA; AQA; GondonsLife/istockphoto; Rui Vale de Sousa/Fotolia; keeweeboy/istockphoto; beckyrockwood/istockphoto; Mandy Godbehear/123rf.com; Beth Van Trees/Fotolia; aldomurillo/istockphoto; manley099/istockphoto; jmsilva/istockphoto; RichVintage/istockphoto; Gregory Pace/Corbis; eyecrave/istockphoto; juanstey/istockphoto; Romain Forquy; andres/BigStockPhoto.com; Jon Feingersh/zefa/Corbis; jgroup/istockphoto; Cathy Yeulet/123rf.com; andres/BigStockPhoto.com; Jon Feingersh/zefa/Corbis; jgroup/istockphoto; Cathy Yeulet/123rf.com; follow777/istockphoto; Jacques Jangoux/Alamy; Gregory Pace/Corbis; Dndavis/123rf.com; loutocky/Fotolia; Iriza/bigstockphoto.com; davidf/istockphoto; DaydreamsGirl/istockphoto; Daxus/istockphoto; PICTURETIME/Fotolia; Rui Vale de sousa/Thinkstock; Andresr/Shutterstock; Jaimie Duplass/Fotolia; barsik/istockphoto; Rui Vale de sousa/Thinkstock; billnoll/istockphoto; bowdenimages/istockphoto; alvarez/istockphoto; jmsilva/istockphoto; Jbryson/istockphoto; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; Geo Martinez/123rf.com; Milan Jurkovic/Fotolia; rgbspace/Fotolia; PICTURETIME/Fotolia; Ridofranz/istockphoto; YuriaIbarra/istockphoto; Andres Rodriguez/Fotolia; tomy2/istockphoto; Albo; Paul Prescott; Jamie Carroll; Antonio Jorge Nunes; davidf/istockphoto; Juanmonino/istockphoto; drbimages/istockphoto; alvarez/istockphoto; Jose Manuel Gelpi Diaz; jackmicro/Jackhollingsworth.com; AQA; CESAR RANGEL/Stringer/Getty Images; AQA; matthewleesdixon/istockphoto; AQA

Practice Assessment questions: Gelpi/istockphoto; AtnoYdur/istockphoto; jane/istockphoto; Gelpi/istockphoto; AtnoYdur/istockphoto; jane/istockphoto

Audio role play: Dominique LUZY/Fotolia; track5/istockphoto; matthewleesdixon/istockphoto; matthewleesdixon/istockphoto; freefly/Fotolia; freefly/Fotolia; Anton Seleznev/istockphoto; Anton Seleznev/istockphoto

Audio recording by: Hart Mc Leod (www.hartmcleod.co.uk); Footstep productions (www.footstepproductions.com); Voiceovers-UK (www.voiceovers-uk.com)

Commissioned video by: Lucentum Digital (www.lucentumdigital.com)

Illustrations by: Lightbox; AQA book of icons

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Tricolore 5e édition

View acknowledgements

Authors: Heather Mascie-Taylor, Michael Spencer, Sylvia Honnor

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer).

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable materials on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Tricolore 5e édition 2

View acknowledgements

Authors: Heather Mascie-Taylor, Michael Spencer, Sylvia Honnor

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer).

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable materials on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Tricolore 5e édition 3

View acknowledgements

Authors: Heather Mascie-Taylor, Michael Spencer, Sylvia Honnor

 

Student Book

Artwork by OUP and Ellie Cullen – KJA Artists

Photographs

Cover: Shutterstock; p8tl: Tabitha Patrick/iStock; p8tr: Peeter Viisimaa/iStock; p8bl: Dave G. Houser/Corbis; p8br: Juanmonino/iStock; p9a:Heather Mascie-Taylor; p9b: dnaveh/Shutterstock; p9t: Heather Mascie-Taylor; p9b: Heather Mascie-Taylor; p11l: Heather Mascie-Taylor; p11r:Heather Mascie-Taylor; p13: Zurijeta/Shutterstock; p14: Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; p16a: Donna Coleman/iStock; p16b: 4x6/iStock; p16c: Juanmonino/iStock; p16d: IndigoBetta/iStock; p16e: Juergen Hasenkopf/Alamy; p16f: Pixoi Ltd/Alamy; p17: RyFlip/Shutterstock; p20:Chris Schmidt/iStock; p24(1): Yuri Hnilazub/iStock; p24(2): Phil Augustavo/iStock; p24(3): Fotosearch/Photo Library; p24(4): Cristina Ciochina/iStock; p24(5): Greg Panosian/iStock; p24(6): Fotograffe K.J. Schraa/iStock; p24(7): Shaun Dodds/iStock; p24(8): Ingenui/iStock; p24(9):Jean-Marc Truchet/Getty; p24(10): Patrick Escudero/Hemis/Corbis; p25l:Johnny Greig/iStock; p25r: Chris Schmidt/iStock; p26(1): Getty; p26(2):Glenn Harper/Alamy; p26(3): Fotosearch/Photo Library; p26(4): abessess/iStock; p26(5): Danita Delimont/Gallow Images/Getty; p26(6): S. Greg Panosian/iStock; p26(7): Patrick Escudero/Hemis/Corbis; p26(8): Rosine Mazin/Photo Library; p26(9): Mattes Ren/hemis.fr/Getty; p26(10): jan888/iStock; p28(a): CREATISTA/Shutterstock; p28l: Marc Grainger/Corbis; p28m: tillsonburg/iStock; p28r: AA World Travel Library/Alamy Stock Photo; p28(d): Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; p30m: Sugar0607/iStock;strong>p30ml: michaeljung/Shutterstock; p30tl: Fotosearch/Photo Library; p30tr: CREATISTA/Shutterstock; p32t: Tupungato/Shutterstock; p32(a):Heather Mascie-Taylor; p32(b): Heather Mascie-Taylor; p32(c): Heather Mascie-Taylor; p32(d): Heather Mascie-Taylor; p32(e): Heather Mascie-Taylor; p32(f): Heather Mascie-Taylor; p34tr: David Simson B-6490 Septon Dasphoto GB; p34l: Danita Delimont/Gallow Images/Getty Images; p34r: David Simson B-6490 Septon Dasphoto GB; p35: David Simson B-6490 Septon Dasphoto GB; p36(1): Iakov Kalinin/Shutterstock;strong>p36(2): Kiev.Victor/Shutterstock; p36(3): Ducept Pascal/hemis.fr/Getty; p36(4): Luboslav Tiles/Shutterstock; p36t: Tim Macpherson/Getty; p36b:Scirocco340/Shutterstock; p38tl: Jeannette Meier Kamer/Shutterstock; p38tr: Michelangelo Gratton/Getty Images; p38br: gorillaimages/Shutterstock; p38b: Clive Brunskill/Staff/Getty Images; p39tl: Herge/Moulinsart 2011; p39tr: SND/Everett/Rex Features; p39bl: Lucky Comics, used with kind permission; p39bm: Peyo 2011, Licence IMPS (Bruxelles); p39br: Marsu 2011 by Franquin - www.gastonlagaffe.com; p40(a):Moodboard RF/Photo Library; p40(b): Wavebreak Media LTD/ Alloy/Corbis-42; p40(c): Jill Kyle/iStock; p40(d): Ollyy/Shutterstock; p40(e):Chris Poletti/iStock; p40(f): leungchopan/Shutterstock; p42tl: michaeljung/Shutterstock; p42tr: MJTH/Shutterstock; p42br: Fresh Picked/Alamy StockPhoto; p43: fStop Images/The Agency Collection/Getty; p43(a): HultonArchive/Getty; p43(b): Constance Bannister Corp./Getty; p43(c): GeorgeMarks/Retrofile RF/Getty; p43(d): Matthew Ward/Dorling Kindersley/Getty; p43(e): Hulton Archive/Getty; p44(1): Corel; p44(2): Rex Features; p44(3): Ron Giling/Lineair/Photo Library; p44(4): Nic Bothma/epa/Corbis; p45: Unicef (www.unicef.org); p46tl: Unicef (www.unicef.org); p46tr: RonGiling/Lineair/Photo Library; p46m: INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo; p47:Ignatius Wooster/Fotolia; p48(2): TM and Copyright 20th Century Fox/RexFeatures; p48(5): Katie Hyams/ Getty Images; p48(7): Christian Lohman/iStock; p49l: Christ Schmidt/iStock; p49r: Linda Kloosterhof/iStock; p49b:Photograph Franck Juery, Je ne t’aime pas, Paulus, Agnés Desarthe ©1991, l’École des loisirs, Paris, used with kind permission; p50(a): TODAY/Rex Features; p50(b): Sipa Press/Rex Features; p50(c): Mary Evans PictureLibrary; p50(d): Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; p52t: A. T. Willett/Alamy Stock Photo; p52b: kavalenkava volha/Alamy Stock Photo; p56t:Jaques Loic/Photo Library; p56l: Jaques Loic/Photo Library; p56r: RobertFried/Alamy; p57l: Jeff McDonald/iStock; p57r: Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock; p59: Pamela Moore/iStock; p60: imageBROKER/Alamy Stock Photo; p61: dbimages/Alamy Stock Photo; p66: Denis Pepin/iStock; p67(1):INTERFOTO/Alamy; p67(2): INTERFOTO/Alamy; p67(3): Ozgür Güvenç/Fotolia; p67(4): abbesses/iStock; p68t: © 2013 IMAV editions/Goscinny-Sempe; p68m: © 2013 IMAV editions/Goscinny-Sempe; p70(1): Sunrise,1872 (oil on canvas), Monet, Claude (1840-1926)/Musee Marmottan,Paris, France/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; p70(2): Corel; p70(3):Corel; p70(4): Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1900 (oil on canvas), Cezanne,Paul (1839-1906)/Hermitage, St. Petersberg, Russia/The Bridgeman ArtLibrary; p71t: The Red Room: Harmony in Red by Henri Matisse, IMAGE ©Archives Matisse, Artwork © Succession H. Matisse/DACS London 2011; p71b: L’escargot, IMAGE c Tate, London 2011, Artwork © Succession H.Matisse/DACS London 2011; p72(a - g): Futuroscope; p74t: Futuroscope; p74b: Futuroscope; p75: Futuroscope; p76: Futuroscope; p79: SteveGray/iStockphoto; p82: CHICUREL Arnaud / hemis.fr/Getty Images; p84t:Futuroscope; p84b: Keith Gibson/www.photosfromfrance.co.uk; p88(c):Tony Tremblay/iStockphoto; p88(d): mountainberryphoto/iStockphoto; p88(f): Tony Tremblay/iStockphoto; p88(g): Tony Tremblay/iStockphoto; p88(h): Canadian Press/Rex Features; p90: Michael Spencer; p91t:Catchlight Visual Services/Alamy; p91b: Cultura RM/Alamy; p92t: HeatherMascie-Taylor; p92b: Steve White/Rex Features; p94l: Sergiy Serdyuk/iStockphoto; p94r: Manor Photograhpy/Alamy; p96: Jacques LOIC/GettyImages; p98: Mark Dadswell/Getty Images; p99: iStockphotos; p102: MBI/Alamy Stock Photo; p103(a - r): iStockphotos; p108: mikecphoto/Shutterstock; p109: Michael Haegele/Photo Library; p110(2): PolinaParm/Shutterstock; p110(3): Soare Cecilia Corina/Shutterstock; p110(4):francesco de marco/Shutterstock; p110(a): lazyllama/Shutterstock; p110(b): Bart Broek/iStockphoto; p114(1): Stockfolio/Alamy; p114(2):Frank Mark Serge/iStockphoto; p114(3): Pascal Rondeau/Allsport/GettyImages; p114(4): Paul Shawcross/Alamy; p117(1): Jeremy Edwards/iStockphoto; p117(2): Phoenix Photos; p117(3): Alibi Productions/Alamy; p117(4): Wouter Van Caspel/iStockphoto; p117(5): Stephen Zabe/iStockphoto; p119: Stockcam/iStockphoto; p122t: Shutterstock; p122m:oliveromg/Shuttestock; p122b: Fédération unie des auberges de jeunesse; p125l: Jasmin Merdan/Fotolia; p125r: Zurijeta/Shutterstock; p130:monregard/Fotolia; p134: pedrosala/Shutterstock; p135: Richard Cavalleri/Shutterstock

The authors and publisher are grateful for permission to reprint extracts from the following copyright material:

Éditions Gallimard for ‘Chanson pour les enfants l’hiver’ from Histoiresby Jacques Prévert (text and audio)

IMAV éditions for ‘On a eu l’inspecteur’ from Le Petit Nicolas et les copains by René Goscinny and Jean-Jacques Sempé

Archives de la Société de transport de Montréal for ‘Attention!Pollution!’ (text and audio)

Fondation Maurice Carême for ‘Le Hibou’ from L’arlequin by MauriceCarême (text and audio)

Éditions Gallimard for ‘L’oiseau du Colorado’ from La Ménagerie de Tristan by Robert Desnos (text and audio)

IMAV éditions for ‘La plage, c’est chouette’ from Les vacances du Petit Nicolas by René Goscinny and Jean-Jacques Sempé

Futuroscope for the adapted texts on the Futuroscope theme park, unit 5

The publisher and authors would like to thank the following for their helpand advice during the development of the course: Hilary Attlee of PatesGrammar School, Cheltenham; Jackie Coe; Steven Smith; Sylvia Gibson ofStockport Grammar School; Ruth Smith of Royal Grammar School, HighWycombe; Sara McKenna; Bethany Honnor; Kate Scappaticci and VeeHarris; Michel, Brigitte, Cecile and Sophie Denise; Claude, Wendy andCharlotte Ribeyrol.

Copymasters worksheets and assessment

Photographs

1/5: All Corel (NT); 2/14 (Ex): S. Greg Panosian/iStockphoto; 2/14 (1): Patrick Escudero/Hemis/Corbis; 2/14 (2): Fotosearch/Photo Library; 2/14 (3): Jean-Marc Truchet/Getty Images; 2/14 (4): Rosine Mazin/Photo Library; 2/14 (5): Mike McQueen/Photo Library; 8/7: Michael Spencer; 8/16 (a): Amriphoto/iStockphoto; 8/16 (b): Sergiy Zavgorodny/iStockphoto; 8/16 (c): Lya Cattel/iStockphoto; 8/16 (d): David De Lossy/Getty Images; 8/16 (e): Pascal Rondeau/Allsport/Getty Images; 8/16 (f): Galina Burtseva/iStockphoto; 8/16 (f): technotr/iStockphoto

Audio recordings produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions

Ltd; Andrew Garratt (engineer).

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

Tricolore 5e édition 4

View acknowledgements

Authors: Heather Mascie-Taylor, Michael Spencer, Sylvia Honnor

Audio recordings: produced by Colette Thomson for Footstep Productions Ltd; Andrew Garratt (sound engineer).

AQA-style GCSE practice papers:

Albert Camus: extract from L’Étranger, © Editions Gallimard

Edexcel-style GCSE practice examinations:

Faïza Guène: extract from Kiffe kiffe demain, © Hachette Littératures 2004; © LIBRAIRIE ARTHEME FAYARD 2010

Delphine de Vigan: extract from No et moi, © Editions Jean-Claude Lattés, 2007

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt not to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Tricolore Total 4

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Corbis

Interactive Activities: © Mark Renders/Getty images; © Ingolf Pompe /LOOK-foto; © Julie Ridge/istockphoto.com, © Charlotte Bassin/istockphoto.com; © Vladimir Mucibabic/istockphoto.com; © Ruslan Gilmanshin/istockphoto.com; © ivan GraphiPhoto/Fotolia.com; © sara maternini; © Irina Igumnova/istockphoto.com; © Jean Ayissi/Getty images; © jakezc/Fotolia.com; © Carmen Martínez Banús/ istockphoto.com; © Chris Elwell/istockphoto.com; Boris Horvat/Getty images; © artesenc/fotolia.com; © max homand/istockphoto.com; © Marco Maccarini/istockphoto.com; © photolibrary.com; © Disneyland Paris; Parc Astérix; © M Vimenet/Futuroscope; © Puy du Fou; ©J Damase/ Vulcania. Eurostar International Ltd; SNCF Médiathèque /Sylvain Cambon; Robert Frost; © luoman/istockphoto.com; © James Pauls/istockphoto.com; © Chris Schmidt/ istockphoto.com; © Steve Debenport/istockphoto.com; © Heather Mascie-Taylor; © istockphoto.com; Chumsak Kanoknan; © Yuriy Kirsanov/ istockphoto.com; © Barbara Sauder/istockphoto.com; © Alamy.com; © Jeremy Bembaron; © Yasonya/ istockphoto.com;  © garysludden/istockphoto.com; © James Harrop/istockphoto.com; © Jacqueline Kemp/istockphoto.com; © RedHelga/istockphoto.com; © Daniel Loiselle/istockphoto.com; © subjug/istockphoto.com; © Maria Carolina Troconis Dittmar/istockphoto.com; © Jiri Miklo, istockphoto.com; © Wojtek Kryczka/istockphoto.com; © Stefanie Timmermann/ istockphoto.com; © hermi/istockphoto.com; © jerryhat/istockphoto.com; © pidjoe/ istockphoto.com; © Floortje/istockphoto.com; istockphoto.com; © Ermin Gutenberger/ istockphoto.com; © Jason Stitt/istockphoto.com; © Wojciech Gajda/istockphoto.com; © Nikki Bidgood/istockphoto.com; © Jeff Chiasson/istockphoto.com; © Arthur Carlo Franco/ istockphoto.com; © Marcela Barsse/istockphoto.com; © anne de Haas/istockphoto.com; © Chris Schmidt/istockphoto.com; © Christopher Futcher/istockphoto.com; © Nikada/ istockphoto.com; © kelvin wakefield/istockphoto.com; © Klaus Nilkens/istockphoto.com; © Nikola Bilic/istockphoto.com; © Sophie Ledeme-Goodman/istockphoto.com; © jabejon/istockphoto.com; © Hedda Gjerpen/istockphoto.com; © Jim Kolaczko/ istockphoto.com; © sculpies/istockphoto.com; © Yury Minaev/istockphoto.com; © PicturenetCorp/Fotolia.com; © laurent saccomano/fotolia.com; © lunamarina/ Fotolia.com; © Pierre Borghi/Fotolia.com; © El lobo/Fotolia.com; Rex Features; © Alexander Hübert/istockphoto.com; © wrangle/istockphoto.com; © Emmanuelle Combaud/Fotolia.com; © Nour El Refai/istockphoto.com; © benjamin cabassot/Fotolia.com; © Stanislav Paramonov/istockphoto.com; © Elzbieta Sekowska/istockphoto.com; © Yuriy Kirsanov/istockphoto.com; © Steve Geer/istockphoto.com; © luxxtek/istockphoto.com; © Debra Wiseberg/ istockphoto.com; © Steve Geer/istockphoto.com; © Michael Stubblefield/istockphoto.com; © Bob Thomas/istockphoto.com; Reunion Tourism Committee/Studiolumiere; © koch valérie/istockphoto.com; © Tom Brakefield /photolibrary.com; Alamy.com; Rex Features.com; Ginou Francois Nightingale; © AFP/gettyimages.com; ©  NY Daily News/gettyimages.com; © Gary Roper/istockphoto.com; © Patrick Clinton/ photolibrary.com; © Michael Braun/istockphoto.com; © Niko Guido, istockphoto.com; Ginou Francois Nightingale; © Yahia Loukkal/Fotolia.com; ; Jonathan Mascie-Taylor; © Niko Guido/istockphoto.com; © Guenter Guni/istockphoto.com; © Vladislav Gajic/Fotolia.com.

Quiz: © cpaquin/istockphoto.com; © Sveta Kashkina/ istockphoto.com; © Jaubert Bernard/Alamy.com; © Pictorial Press Ltd /Alamy.com;

© Editorial12/istockphoto.com; © Shelly Perry/istockphoto.com; © Torbjorn Lagerwall/istockphoto.com; © karaboux/fotolia.com; © ICP /Alamy.com, istockphoto.com;

© 4x6/istockphoto.com; © ronen/istockphoto.com; © magicinfoto; istockphoto.com; Michael Krinke; © Liz Van Steenburgh/istockphoto.com; © Silvia Boratti/istockphoto.com; © Jodi Matthews/istockphoto.com; Alamy.com; istockphoto.com; © Wojciech Gajda/istockphoto.com; © Brigitte Smith/istockphoto.com; © rolfbodmer/ istockphoto.com; Alamy.com; © Hedda Gjerpen/istockphoto.com; © Arno Staub/ istockphoto.com; © Jason Stitt/istockphoto.com; Pascal Le Segretain/gettyimages.co.uk; © Darko Novakovic/istockphoto.com; RexFeatures.com; © Craig Swatton/istockphoto.com; © Asier Villafranca Velasco/istockphoto.com; © Galina Barskaya/istockphoto.com; © egdigital/istockphoto.com; © Hilary Brodey/istockphoto.com; © spxChrome/ istockphoto.com; Michael Spencer; Jim Kolaczko; alamy.com; istockphoto.com; © Morgan Lane Studios/istockphoto.com; © Lisa F. Young/istockphoto.com; © william mounce/ Fotolia.com; © Jay Reilly/gettyimages.com; © Rhienna Cutler/istockphoto.com; © Richard Slade/alamy.com.

Audio: © @laurent/istockphoto.com; © Kuba/Fotolia.com, © mbbirdy/istockphoto.com; © karam miri/istockphoto.com; © Nikada/istockphoto.com; © craftvision/istockphoto.com; © Justin Allfree/istockphoto.com; © Viktor Lugovskoy/istockphoto.com; © Aldo Murillo/istockphoto.com; © Jami Garrison/istockphoto.com; © dmitrii_designer/istockphoto.com; © Trevor Fisher/istockphoto.com; © Ljupco/istockphoto.com; © EddWestmacott/istockphoto.com; © Evgeniy_P/istockphoto.com; © stocksnapper/istockphoto.com; © Rickard Blommengren/istockphoto.com; © Tomaz Levstek/istockphoto.com; © mocker_bat/ istockphoto.com; © Juanmonino/istockphoto.com; istockphoto.com; gettyimages.com

© Jason Stitt/istockphoto.com; Chris Schmidt; © Sophie Ledeme-Goodman/ istockphoto.com; © E. Dygas/gettyimages.com; Reunion Tourism Committee/ Studiolumiere; Reunion Tourism Committee/Studiolumiere; © Lisa F.Young/Fotolia.com; © Carmen Martínez Banús/istockphoto.com; © webphotographeer/istockphoto.com; © Elena Elisseeva/istockphoto.com; © Adam Borkowski/istockphoto.com;

© Nikolay Suslov/istockphoto.com; © Stephen Simpson/gettyimages.com; istockphoto.com; © tln/istockphoto.com; © Eric Hood/istockphoto.com; © webphotographeer/Fotolia.com; © franz massard/Fotolia.com; © ZanyZeus/ istockphoto.com.

Illustrations by: Hart McLeod

OUP wishes to thank Michael Spencer and Heather Mascie-Taylor, Jean-Claude Gilles, Richard Marsden, Janine Schofield, Caroline Woods, Angélique Davies and David Thomas, Jenny Gwynne, Sara McKenna, Hart McLeod, Magic Software Pvt Ltd ( www.magicsw.com), Footstep Productions ( www.footstepproductions.com), Len Brown, Colette Thomson, Andrew Garratt, Air-Edel Studios, Juliet Dante, Felix Callens, Raphaelle Masseaut, Tayeb Dahmani, Anaëlle Cossery, Sofian Dahmani, Benjamin Sidbury, Aurore Lacôte, Louise Benchetrit, Lucie Nakach, Camille Dear

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

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Interactives

            Projects

Cultura/Alamy; Monkey Business Images/Howard Sayer/Shutterstock; Jan Schuler/Fotolia; Picture Alliance/Image Source;

                Translation & Transcription

Picture Alliance; OUP; Karkas/Shutterstock; Grandpa/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Andrew Paterson/Alamy; Tatniz/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Elnur/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; AMA/Shutterstock; Picture Alliance/allOver/VSL;

Worksheets

                Translation & Transcription

OUP; Johner Images/Alamy; Shutterstock; David J. Green - Studio/Alamy; Masterfile; imagebroke/Alamy;TS/Alamy; Picture Alliance/Image Source; Karkas/Shutterstock; Grandpa/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Tatiana Popova/Shutterstock; Andrew Paterson/Alamy; Photocrea/Shutterstock; Tatniz/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Elnur/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Images & Stories/Alamy; Slava296/Dreamstime; Lya_Cattel/iStock; Jeronimo Alba/Photolibrary; David Ryan/Lonely Planet Images/Photolibrary;

                Mini-Readers

LWA/Dan Tardiff/Photolibrary; Chassenet/Photolibrary

Lesson Players

Paul Reid/Shutterstock; Frank Chmura/Photolibrary; Image Broker/Photolibrary; Moment/Cultura/Getty; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Catchlight Visual Services/Alamy; Radius Images/Photolibrary; Johner Images/Alamy; Cultura/Alamy; Glowimages/Alamy; Caro/Alamy; Leland Bobbe/Stone/Getty; Startraks Photo/Rex; Goodluz/Shutterstock; Howard Sayer/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Robert Kneschke/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Michaeljung/Shutterstock; Jasper Elgaard/iStock; OUP; Howard Sayer/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; OUP; StockLite/Shutterstock; Phase4Photography/Shutterstock; Archives du 7eme Art/Photo12; PhotoAlto/OUP; Photobank.kiev.ua/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; Piotr Marcinski/Shutterstock; David Young-Wolff/Stone/Getty; Forget-Gautier/Sagaphoto.com/Alamy; Eric Gevaert/Dreamstime; Christopher Penler/Shutterstock; T.H.Klimmeck/Shutterstock; Jan Schuler/Fotolia; Joe Gough/Shutterstock; Friedhelm Thomas/Photolibrary; Nicole gordine/Shutterstock; Picture Alliance; Cj Yu/Dreamstime; xyno/iStock; Imagebroker/Alamy; Bernd Kroger/Imagebroker/Alamy; Ray Tang/Rex; Danny E. Hooks/Shutterstock; Sonny Meddle/Rex; Bildagentur-online.com/Th-foto/Alamy; Shebeko/Shutterstock; Picture Alliance/DPA; Bon Appetit/Alamy; Picture Alliance/DPA; vario images GmbH & Co.KG/Alamy; Marek Mnich/iStock; Imagebroker/Alamy; Imagebroker/varioimages; Picture Alliance/DPA; Picture Alliance/DPA; Picture Alliance/Schroewig/Schoen; Picture Alliance/DPA; Picture Alliance/schroewig/CS; AMA/Shutterstock; Pegaz/Alamy; Alex Zarubin/Dreamstime; Clearlens/Shutterstock; www.viennaslide.com; Bill Bachmann/Alamy; Ramsey Sanford Houck/Shutterstock; Nikada/iStock; Christoph Papsch/Vario Images; Picture Alliance/all-over; Blickwinkel/Alamy; OUP;

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Interactives

            Projects

Clearandtransparent/iStock; iStock/Thinkstock; Sherrie Nickol/Photolibrary; Robert Walls/Photolibrary; Andrew Paterson/Alamy/Photolibrary; Joel Sartore/National Geographic Stock; Jessamine/Dreamstime; Lucian Milasan/Dreamstime; Zentilia/Shutterstock; Horten/Dreamstime; Sho Shan/Alamy/Photolibrary; Jupiter Images/Pixland/Thinkstock; Goodshot RF/Thinkstock; NASA/John Wells/Science Photo Library; Stefan Sollfors/Alamy/Photolibrary; iStockphoto/Thinkstock;

                Translation & Transcription

Robert Nicholas/Alamy/Photolibrary; Canoneer/Shutterstock

Worksheets

            Projects

iStock/Thinkstock; DPA Web/DPA Picture Alliance; iStock/Thinkstock; Jupiterimages/Pixland/Thinkstock; Bob Daemmrich/Alamy/Photolibrary; Hemera/Thinkstock; Picture Alliance/ZB/Brad Collett/Shutterstock; Digtial Vision/Thinkstock; Hemera/Thinkstock; iStock/Thinkstock; Palmaria/Shutterstock; iStock/Thinkstock; NASA/John Wells/Science Photolibrary; Joyfull/Dreamstime; Petr Student/Shutterstock; Darren J. Bradley/Shutterstock; Comstock/Thinkstock; artiomp/Shutterstock; Hung Chung Chih/Shutterstock;

                Translation & Transcription

Kess/Shutterstock; Dmitriy Shironosov/Shutterstock; Eric Gevaert/Shutterstock; Petr Student/Shutterstock;

                Mini-Readers

Robert Nicholas/Alamy/Photolibrary; Klaus Ohlenschlager/DPA Picture Alliance; Peter Gudella/Shutterstock; WoodyStock/Alamy/Photolibrary; Catchlight Visual Services/Alamy/Photolibrary; Peter Gudella/Shutterstock; ZB/DPA Picture Alliance;

Lesson Players

OUP; Helga Esteb/Shutterstock; Rolf Vennenbernd/epa/Corbis; clearandtransparent/iStock; Robert Nicholas/Alamy/Photolibrary; clearandtransparent/iStock; Pizuttipics/Fotolia; Natalie Erhova/Shutterstock; Manfred Bail/Photolibrary; Madarakis/Shutterstock; Hemera/Thinkstock; Chris Cooper-Smith/Alamy/Photolibrary; Karlova Irina/Shutterstock; Dmitriy Shironosov/Shutterstock; Horten/Dreamstime; Watkins/Rex; C. Weinstein/Everett/Rex; Zentilia/Shutterstock; Dennis MacDonald/Alamy/Photolibrary; Jim Lane/Alamy/Photolibrary; iStock/Thinkstock; Bob Daemmrich/Alamy/Photolibrary; Charles Krupa/AP Photo; Alexander Rochau/Fotolia; Richard Peterson/Shutterstock; Tania Mara Pimentel Gomes; Annamarinenko/Dreamstime; Arco Images GmbH/Alamy/Photolibrary; Stenosis; Philipp Laferi; Arco Images GmbH/DPA Picture Alliance; Oliver Pickett; Gs1311/Fotolia; DPA Picture Alliance; ZB/DPA Picture Alliance; Alice Wiegand; Blickwinkel/Alamy/Photolibrary; F1online digitale Bildagentur GmbH/Alamy/Photolibrary; Kuttig-Travel/Alamy/Photolibrary; Eric Gevaert/Shutterstock; Lux Igitur/Alamy/Photolibrary; Colour/Shutterstock; iStock/Thinkstock; Ryan McVay/Digital Vision/Thinkstock; Monkey Business/Fotolia; iStock/Thinkstock; EB-Stock/DPA Picture Alliance; Koratmember/Shutterstock; Palmaria/Shutterstock; iStock/Thinkstock; Andrey Tirakhov/Shutterstock; Imagebroker/Alamy/Photolibrary; Paul Gibson/Alamy/Photolibrary; Alexander Raths/Shutterstock; Dmitriy Shironoshov/Shutterstock; Comstock/Thinkstock; Mikhail Tchkheidze/Shutterstock; Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock; OUP;

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Interactives

            Projects

Tim Hill/Alamy; Dmitry Shironosov/Shutterstock; Pixtal Images/Photolibrary; Pixtal Images/Photolibrary; Pixtal Images/Photolibrary; Pixtal Images/Photolibrary; Kadic/Alamy/Photolibrary; Jasper Juinen/Getty;

                Translation & Transcription

Olive Images/Photolibrary; Kevin Foy/Rex Features; B.O'Kane/Alamy; Mike Garner/OUP; Itdarbs/Alamy; Bonchan/Shutterstock; Tupungato/Dreamstime; Imagesource/Photolibrary; Juan Jose Pascual/Photolibrary; Mike Garner/OUP; Icyimage/Shutterstock;

Worksheets

Translation & Transcription

Mike Garner/OUP; Tracey Whiteside/Shutterstock; Rob Cooke/OUP; Rob Cooke/OUP;

Lesson Players

Clive Mason/Staff/Getty Images Sport/Getty Images; John Rogers/Contributor/Getti Images Entertainment/Getty Images; Veniamin Kraskov/Shutterstock; Amy Nicole Harris/Shutterstock; Mike Garner/OUP; Mike Garner/OUP; Blend Images/Alamy; Rob Cooke/OUP; Rob Cooke/OUP; Mike Garner/OUP; Mogens Trolle/Shutterstock; Katja Kreder/Photolibrary; Michel Gunther/Photolibrary; Vinicius Tupinamba/Dreamstime; Itdarbs/Alamy; nito/Shutterstock; Philip Enticknap/The Travel Library/Photolibrary; David Lyons/Alamy; Andresr/Shutterstock; Hannu Liivaar/Shutterstock; Kevin Wheal/Alamy; Ondacaracola/Dreamstime; Sokolovsky/Dreamstime; Alex Segre/Rex; Obert Obert/Photolibrary; Chris Howes/ Wild Places Photography/Alamy; Mike Garner/OUP; Javier Larrea/Photolibrary; Pixtal Images/Photolibrary; ; Jose Fusta Raga/Photolibrary; Shoosmith Roadworks Collection/Alamy; Dhoxax/Fotoalia; Lagui/Fotolia; Bonchan/Shutterstock; across/Shutterstock; Laure.C/Fotolia; Jakub Gohda/Dreamstime; Steven May/Alamy; J Marshall-Tribaleye Image/Alamy; Waterframe/Alamy; Chris Ratcliffe/Alamy; Ana Abadia/Photolibrary; Carla Guedes Pinto/Alamy; Toufikbobo/ Fotolia; Edyta Pawlowska/Dreamstime; Elenapavolva/Shutterstock; Success/Fotolia; Robyn Mackenzie/Shutterstock; Tim Hill/Alamy; Andalucia Plus Image Bank/Alamy; Antonio Munoz Palomares/Dreamstime; Pilar Echeverria/Shutterstock; ampFotoStudio/Shutterstock; Olaf Speier/Shutterstock; Richard Sowersby/Rex; Alex Serge/Rex; Pakmor/Dreamstime; Norbert Eisele-Hein/Photolibrary; Richard Sowersby/Rex; Tupungato/Dreamstime; Motoring Picture Library/Alamy; Andalucia Plus Image Bank/Alamy; Elnur Amikishiyev/Bigstock; Europhotos/Alamy; Marc Anderson Photography/Photographers Direct; Imagesource/Photolibrary; Deborah Denis/Alamy; Corey Wise/Lonely Planet Images/Photolibrary, Angelo Cavalli/Photolibrary; Christopher Pillitz/Alamy; Fabian von Poser/Photolibrary; Javier Corripio/Alamy; Robert Harding Productions/Photolibrary; Colman Lerner Gerardo/Shutterstock; ACLE/Fotolia;  Juan Jose Pascal/Photolibrary; Firo Foto/Getty; Christian Handl/Photolibrary; Andrew F. Kazmierski/Shutterstock; The Travel Library/Rex; Gonzalo Azumendi/Photolibrary; Visual & Written SL/Alamy;  Amy Nichole Harris/Shutterstock; Javier Larrea/Photolibrary; Philipp Hympendah/Alamy; Rob Cooke/OUP; Mike Garner/OUP;

Zoom español 2

View acknowledgements

Interactives

                Projects

iStockphoto/Getty; Feverpitch/Shutterstock; iStockphoto/Thinkstock; Alexandre Silva/Alamy; OUP; Matt Antonio/Shutterstock; Matt Antonio/Shutterstock; Matt Antonio/Shutterstock; PSD Photography/Shutterstock; Tatiana Edrenkina/Shutterstock; Zhan Tian/iStock; Jenny Leonard/iStock; Tatiana Edrenkina/Shutterstock; Lafoto/Shutterstock; Tatiana Edrenkina/Shutterstock; PSD Photography/Shutterstock; Jenny Leonard/iStock; Tatiana Edrenkina/Shutterstock; Zhan Tian/iStock; Elena Elisseeva/Shuttestock; Lyf1/Shutterstock;

                Translation & Transcription

Leam David; Heng Kong Chen/iStock; Janos Csernoch/Alamy/Photolibrary; Solodovnikova Elena/Shutterstock; Alberto Paredes/Alamy; Vaju Ariel/Shutterstock; Sue McDonald/Shutterstock; Oliveromg/Shutterstock; iStockPhoto/Thinkstock; Rubberball/Alamy; VIPflash/Shutterstock; Tipograffias/Shutterstock;

Worksheets

                Projects

Leam David; Tapungato/Shutterstock; Tatiana Edrenkina/Shutterstock; Sylwiva Blaszczyszyn/Dreamstime; Lyf1/Shutterstock;

                Translation & Transcription

Oleg Zabielin/Shutterstock; Chris Rout/Alamy; Big Cheese/Photolibrary; Creatista/Shutterstock; Bill Bachmann/Alamy/Photolibrary; Victor Chavez/Getty;

Lesson Players

Leam David; Monart Design/Fotolia; iStockphoto/Thinkstock; Jack Hollingsworth/Photodisc/Thinkstock; Luckyphoto/Shutterstock; Pres Panayotov/Shutterstock; Shutterstock/Gkuna; Ta_Samaya/Dreamstime; iStockphoto/Thinkstock; Botond/Dreamstime; Justin Black/Dreamstime; Petrenko Andriy/Shutterstock; Karkas/Shutterstock; Ugorenkov Aleksandr/Shutterstock; Kadroff/Shutterstock; Vereshchagin Dmirty/Shutterstock; Ecco/Shutterstock; Sergios/Shutterstock; Angela Canto Soto; Laura Gangi Pond/Shutterstock; Tao Images Limited/Alamy; Tupungato/Shutterstock; Juan Medina/Reuters/Corbis; Vitalii Nesterchuk/Shutterstock; Stockphoto4u/iStockphoto; Ilja Masik/Shutterstock; Supri Suhajoto/Shutterstock; Invanova Inga/Shutterstock; Compuinfoto/Fotolia; Emilio Ereza/Alamy/Photolibrary; Dumont Bildarchiv/Dpa Picture Alliance; Peter Horee/Alamy; Bob Thomas/Photographers Choice/Getty; Agencia Efe/Rex; American Images Inc/Getty; Sitges Council; Dpa Picture Alliance; Maria Galan/Photolibrary; Solodovnikova Elena/Shutterstock; Rafal Olkis/Shutterstock; Ungor/Fotolia; Peter Titmuss/Alamy; Rob Wilson/Shutterstock; Alexandra Gnatush/Fotolia; Peter Horree/Alamy/Photolibrary; Jlimages/Alamy/Photolibrary; Tupungato/Shutterstock; Vaju Ariel/Shutterstock; Chris Rout/Alamy/Photolibrary; Goodshot/Thinkstock; Sipa Press/Rex; Oliveromg/Shutterstock; Jack Hollingsworth/Thinkstock; Pt Images/Shutterstock; Kpa Honorar & Belege/Dpa Picture Alliance; Dpa Picture Alliance; Balance/Photoshoot/Dpa Picture Alliance; Frances Fruit/Dreamstime; Tupungato/Dreamstime; Rubberball/Alamy; Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock; Lyf1/Shutterstock; Dpa Picture Alliance; Destiny Vispro/Shutterstock; Jesus_Cabrera/Demotix/Corbis; Bill Bachmann/Alamy/Photolibrary; OUP; VipFlash/Shutterstock; Joe Seer/Shutterstock; Joe Seer/Shutterstock; Sportgraphic/Shutterstock; Bettmann/Corbis; Ulf Andersen/Getty; Allstar Picture Library/Alamy; Afp/Getty; Tipograffias/Shutterstock; Victor Chavez/Getty;

 

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Physical Education

AQA GCSE Physical Education, 3 rd edition

View acknowledgements

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Kerboodle worksheets

Mike Ehrmann/Getty Images.

Resource planners

SEBASTIAN KAULITZKI/Science Photo Library/Corbis; Ezra Shaw/Getty Images; TORSTEN BLACKWOOD/AFP/Getty Images; © Duomo/Corbis; Image Source/Getty Images; Ian Walton/Getty Images; Jenkedco/ Shutterstock; Aleksandr Markin/iStockphoto; Julian Finney/Getty Images); Martin Rickett/ Empics Sport/ Press Association Images; Matthew Lewis/Getty Images; Craig Mercer /ActionPlus/Corbis; Dmitry Argunov/ Shutterstock; PRAKASH SINGH/AFP/Getty Images; Jean Catuffe/Getty Images; Hybrid Images/CultureRF/Getty Images; INDRANIL MUKHERJEE/AFP/Getty Images); Scott Halleran/Getty Images; Alex Livesey/Getty Images; Maridav/Shutterstock; Colin Underhill/Alamy; Courtesy of Sky Sports News; Kieran McManus/BPI/Corbis; Michael Steele/Getty Images; aluxum/iStockphoto; Chris Rout/ Alamy; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; bitt24/ Shutterstock; Samuel Borges Photography/Shutterstock; Food Standards Agency; Julian Eales/Alamy; SH-Vector/Shutterstock; irin-k/Shutterstock.

Case studies and presentations

sylvaine thomas/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; FSA, www.food.gov.uk, © Crown Copyright; Tony Tremblay/istockphoto; a4stockphotos/Fotolia; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; Karen Struthers/Fotolia; robynmac/Fotolia; Fuat Kose/istockphoto; sportgraphic/Fotolia; Dob's Farm/Fotolia; Bill Manning/istockphoto; Jennifer Trenchard/istockphoto; Tom Stoddart/Getty Images; Simon Price/Alamy Stock Photo; European Sports Photographic Agency/Alamy Stock Photo; Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images; Adam Pretty/Getty Images; Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images; Wolfgang Rattay CP/DL/Reuters; dlewis33/istockphoto; csundahl/istockphoto; Corbis Motion; Andrew Towers/istockphoto; Downend School, Bristol; Corbis Motion; Dave Snow/istockphoto; Brian Pamphilon/istockphoto; Stephane Mantey/TempSport/Corbis; Rob Friedman/istockphoto; Sandra Henderson/istockphoto; Gavin MacVicar/istockphoto; Sandro Donda/Fotolia; Richard Hobson/istockphoto; Richard Heathcote/Getty Images; Clive Rose/Getty Images; Clive Rose/Getty Images; Mark Dadswell/Getty Images; Al Bello/Getty Images; bttoro/istockphoto; JJulian Finney/Getty Images; Carl De Souza/AFP/Getty Images; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; Sportlibrary/Fotolia; Moodboard/Mike Watson Images/Getty Images; bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; Jiang Dao Hua/istockphoto; Edward Bock/Istockphoto; oleg filipchuk/istockphoto; Michael Chamberlin/Fotolia; strickke/istockphoto; Shizuo Kambayashi/AP Images; Wolfgang Amri/istockphoto; David Callow/Reuters; han3617/istockphoto; David Rogers/Getty Images; bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; nickfree/istockphoto; FotografiaBasica/istockphoto; Russ Witherington/istockphoto; magnetcreative/istockphoto; shorrocks/istockphoto; Michael Steele/AFP/Getty Images.

End-of-chapter tests

Potapov Alexander/Shutterstock; Stu Forster/Getty Images; IAN HOOTON/SPL/Getty Images; © BPI/Michael Zemanek/BPI/Corbis; FRANCK FIFE/AFP/Getty Images; EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP/Getty Images; Tom Dulat/Getty Images; Andrew Redington/Getty Images; Markku Ulander/REX Shutterstock; Will Russell/Getty Images; Image Source/Getty Images; TORSTEN BLACKWOOD/AFP/Getty Images; Will Russell/Getty Images; © Duomo/Corbis; © Jamie Roach/Alamy; Warren Little/Getty Images for Falcon; Adam Pretty/Getty Images; © Duomo/Corbis; Warren Little/Getty Images for Falcon; Image Source/Getty Images; Manuel Queimadelos Alonso/Getty Images; BEN STANSALL/AFP/Getty Images; Martin Novak/ Shutterstock; JACKY NAEGELEN/Reuters/Corbis; Boris Streubel/Getty Images; Ben Hoskins/Getty Images; Michael Steele/Getty Images; Max Ellis Photography; The Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images; Samuel Borges Photography/Shutterstock; Ian Walton/ Getty; JACKY NAEGELEN/Reuters/Corbis; CRAIG MERCER/Demotix/Corbis; Michael Steele/Getty Images; Koki Nagahama/Getty Images; Patrick Smith/Getty Images); mooninblack/ Shutterstock; SAEED KHAN/AFP/Getty Images; CHEN WS/ Shutterstock; ALEXANDER NEMENOV/AFP/Getty Images; ChinaFotoPress/ChinaFotoPress via Getty Images; Julian Finney/Getty Images; Tom Dulat/Getty Images; Nigel Roddis Getty Images;  NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images; Michael Dodge/Getty Images; VANO SHLAMOV/AFP/Getty Images; Jean Catuffe/Getty Images; Mike Ehrmann/Getty Images; Robert Willett/Raleigh News & Observer/TNS via Getty Images; TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters/Corbis; David Dow/NBAE via Getty Images; Africa Media Online / Alamy; Soren Hald/Getty Images; ADRIAN DENNIS/AFP/GettyImages; Shaun Botterill/Getty Images); martin Garnham/Shutterstock ; Matt Lewis - World Rugby/World Rugby via Getty Images; David Price/Arsenal FC via Getty Images); On Man Kevin Lee/Getty Images); Zuma Press/Alamy; Allstar Picture Library/Alamy; Nigel Roddis/Getty Images; Mark Campbell/REX Shutterstock; ILYA AKINSHIN/Shutterstock; Galina Barskaya/ Shutterstock; Cultura Creative (RF)/Alamy; Robert Kneschke/Shutterstock; bikeriderlondon/ Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Monkey Business/Shutterstock; Robin Beckham/BEEPstock/Alamy; Food Standards Agency; Julian Eales/Alamy.

Peter Bernik/Shutterstock; Matthew Peters/Man Utd/Getty; Alamy Stock Photo; ©OJO Images Ltd/Alamy; Jim Young - IOPP Pool /Getty; Ian Walton/ Getty; Graham Hughes/The Times/News Syndication; Serena Taylor/Newcastle United/Getty; Matthew Lewis/Getty; KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images; Robert Willett/Raleigh News & Observer/TNS/Getty; VI Images/Getty; Steve Dykes/Getty; ADRIAN DENNIS/AFP/Getty; ZUMA Press Inc / Alamy; Courtesy of Hawkeye; Shaun Botterill/Getty; Monkey Business Images/ Shutterstock; esolla/ Shutterstock; egal/iStockphoto; Valentyn Volkov/Shutterstock; Tina Larsson/Shutterstock; aluxum/iStockphoto. 

Interpreting a spirometer trace, Levers

Gareth Clarke Design; Wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock.com; Aila Images/Shutterstock.com; Pahtos Media/Shutterstock.com.

Antagonistic pairs

Film director and editor: Jo Coates. With thanks to the staff and students at Retford Oaks High School.

Imagery, Progressive muscular relaxation, Mind to muscle relaxation, Breathing exercise

With thanks to Anna Young and Paul Fyfe.

GCSE PE: Top ten teaching tips

Self-shooting director: Roddy Clark. Producer: Abigail Woodman. With thanks to the staff and students at Roundwood Park School.

GCSE Practical Performance

Written by Jason Rhodes. Filmed and edited by Oxford Digital Media. With thanks to the staff and students at Greenfield Community College.

On Your Marks interactive activities

With thanks to Simon Bradbury and Shaun Wills.

Artwork

Artwork by MPS Ltd; QBS Learning; Joosep Martinson - ISU/ISU via Getty Images; Stu Forster/Getty Images; TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters/Corbis; ZURAB KURTSIKIDZE/epa/Corbis; Jason Ramasami.

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

BTEC Tech Award in Sport, Activity and Fitness

View acknowledgements

We are grateful to the authors and publishers for use of extracts from their titles and in particular for the following:

BTEC: Normative fitness testing data. Teaching PE & Sport Update, 21 September 2017 (Pearson Education, 2017). Reproduced with permission from Pearson Education Ltd.

Sport England: Youth Insights Pack, August 2014 (Sport England, 2014). p.123. Reproduced with permission from Sport England.

Sport England and the English Federation of Disability Sport: Mapping Disability: Engaging Disabled People: the guide, 2016 (Sport England and the English Federation of Disability Sport, 2016). p.126. Reproduced with permission from Sport England.

Sport England: Active Lives Adult Survey, November 16/17, March 2018 (Sport England, 2018). p.128. Reproduced with permission from Sport England.

Sport England: Active People Survey 6 Q2 (April 2011-April 2012) (Sport England, 2012) p.129. Reproduced with permission from Sport England.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Action Plus Sports Images/Alamy Stock Photo; NurPhoto/Contributor/GettyImages; Vaughn Ridley/Contributor/GettyImages; Ben Hoskins/Stringer/Getty images; Matthew Impey/Shutterstock; Eye Ubiquitous/REX/Shutterstock; Nancy Honey/Cultura RM/Alamy Foto Stock; Scott Barbour/Getty Images; Aflo/Shutterstock; CP DC Press/Shutterstock; Laurence Griffiths/Getty Images; Matthias Schrader/AP/Shutterstock; Xinhua News Agency/Shutterstock; Griffiths/Getty Images; Perform Better UK; Sean Nel/Shutterstock; Dean Drobot/Shutterstock; Yuri_Arcurs/Shutterstock; Valery Sharifulin/TASS via Getty Images; Nerthuz/Shutterstock; WENN Ltd/Alamy Foto Stock; Jason O'Brien/Stringer/Getty Images; Jarva Jar/Shutterstock; MarcelClemens/Shutterstock; National Football Museum, Manchester, UK/Bridgeman Images; Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library; Collections of Smith Art Gallery and Museum, Stirling; AP/Shutterstock; Courtesy of Felicity Aston MBE; PJF Military Collection/Alamy Stock Photo; Icon Sportswire/Contributor/Getty Images; Abigail Woodman; Public Health England in association with the Welsh Government, Food Standards Scotland and the Food Standards Agency in Northern Ireland; SpeedKingz/Shutterstock; sharky/Alamy Stock Photo; Svetlana Maylatova/Alamy Stock Photo; OSTILL is Franck Camhi/Shutterstock; Ververidis Vasilis/Shutterstock; Jo Panuwat D/Shutterstock; Matt Frost/ITV/Rex/Shutterstock; Jacobs Stock Photography Ltd/DigitalVision/Getty Images; Iakov Kalinin/123RF; Golubovy/Shutterstock; pterwort/Shutterstock; Naypong Studio/Shutterstock; Ian MacNicol/Getty Images; bpk/Hubmann/ullstein bild via Getty Images; Athanasios Gioumpasis/Getty Images; David Madison/Getty Images; Liderina/Shutterstock; mimagephotography/Shutterstock; Dmitry Rukhlenko/Shutterstock; Di Studio/Shutterstock; Athena Pictures/Getty Images; Halfpoint/Shutterstock; Kjetil Kolbjornsrud/Shutterstock; Ian Hinchliffe/Alamy Stock Photo; Stu Forster/Getty Images; mahirart/Shutterstock; Igor Kovalchuk/Shutterstock; Jordan Mansfield/Getty Images for LTA; DenisMArt/Shutterstock; LJM Photo/Getty Images; Dziurek/Shutterstock; Zoonar GmbH/Alamy Stock Photo; Foto Arena LTDA/Alamy Stock Photo; Hero Images/Getty Images; Serena Taylor/Newcastle United via Getty Images; Sean Prior/Alamy Stock Photo; Revierfoto/Action Press/Shutterstock; Robbie Jay Barratt - AMA/Getty Images; topseller/Shutterstock; Cultura Creative (RF)/Alamy Stock Photo; Tom Dulat/Getty Images for LTA; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Pavel L Photo and Video/Shutterstock

The publisher would also like to thank the following:

Artworks: QBS Learning

A mind to muscle relaxation exercise: Anna Young and Paul Fyfe

Animations: Alternative View Studios

Videos: Self-shooting director: Roddy Clark, producer and presenter: Abigail Woodman, Maria Ensabella and LondonCryo, Shaun Rouse and Physiolystic, Wayne Ford and London Hyperbaric Medicine

Finally, thanks go to Matthew Hunter, Abigail Woodman, Will Swaithes, Darren Richards, Linda McCullough, and Disability Rights UK for their help in preparing the resources for publication.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

Edexcel GCSE Physical Education

View acknowledgements

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Kerboodle Worksheets

Stu Forster/Getty Images; TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters/Corbis; STOYAN NENOV/Reuters/Corbis; ZURAB KURTSIKIDZE/epa/Corbis; Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images; Joosep Martinson - ISU/ISU via Getty Images; Courtesy of Hawkeye.

Sample answers to exam-style questions

Markku Ulander/REX Shutterstock; ANDY RAIN/epa/Corbis.

Resource planners

SEBASTIAN KAULITZKI/Science Photo Library/Corbis; DR. GLADDEN WILLIS, VISUALS UNLIMITED /SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; David Madison/Getty Images; Faye Clack/Roddy Clark; Faye Clack/Roddy Clark; Ellie Faulkner/Roddy Clark; Max Ellis Photography; Jenkedco/ Shutterstock; Izf/iStockphoto; Robert Laberge/Getty Images; Monkey Business Images/ Shutterstock; Chris Rout/Alamy; Mark Hayes/Alamy; ranplett/iStockphoto; AndreasReh/iStockphoto; Food Standards Agency; ANDY RAIN/epa/Corbis; Dmitry Argunov/ Shutterstock; Charlie Crowhurst/Getty Images; Action Plus Sports Images / Alamy; Jean Catuffe/Getty Images; Joe Murphy/NBAE via Getty Images); INDRANIL MUKHERJEE/AFP/Getty Images); Alex Livesey/Getty Images; Michael Cole/Corbis; Bob Thomas/Getty Images; SH-Vector/Shutterstock; irin-k/Shutterstock.

Case studies and presentations

sylvaine thomas/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; FSA, www.food.gov.uk, © Crown Copyright; Tony Tremblay/istockphoto; a4stockphotos/Fotolia; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; Karen Struthers/Fotolia; robynmac/Fotolia; Fuat Kose/istockphoto; sportgraphic/Fotolia; Dob's Farm/Fotolia; Bill Manning/istockphoto; Jennifer Trenchard/istockphoto; Tom Stoddart/Getty Images; Simon Price/Alamy Stock Photo; European Sports Photographic Agency/Alamy Stock Photo; Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images; Adam Pretty/Getty Images; Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images; Wolfgang Rattay CP/DL/Reuters; dlewis33/istockphoto; csundahl/istockphoto; Corbis Motion; Andrew Towers/istockphoto; Downend School, Bristol; Corbis Motion; Dave Snow/istockphoto; Brian Pamphilon/istockphoto; Stephane Mantey/TempSport/Corbis; Rob Friedman/istockphoto; Sandra Henderson/istockphoto; Gavin MacVicar/istockphoto; Sandro Donda/Fotolia; Richard Hobson/istockphoto; Richard Heathcote/Getty Images; Clive Rose/Getty Images; Clive Rose/Getty Images; Mark Dadswell/Getty Images; Al Bello/Getty Images; bttoro/istockphoto; JJulian Finney/Getty Images; Carl De Souza/AFP/Getty Images; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; Sportlibrary/Fotolia; Moodboard/Mike Watson Images/Getty Images; bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; Jiang Dao Hua/istockphoto; Edward Bock/Istockphoto; oleg filipchuk/istockphoto; Michael Chamberlin/Fotolia; strickke/istockphoto; Shizuo Kambayashi/AP Images; Wolfgang Amri/istockphoto; David Callow/Reuters; han3617/istockphoto; David Rogers/Getty Images; bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; nickfree/istockphoto; FotografiaBasica/istockphoto; Russ Witherington/istockphoto; magnetcreative/istockphoto; shorrocks/istockphoto; Michael Steele/AFP/Getty Images; SH-Vector/Shutterstock; Henrik5000/iStockPhoto.

End-of-chapter tests

Stu Forster/Getty Images; NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; AHMAD FAIZAL YAHYA/Shutterstock; David Madison/Getty Images; AHMAD FAIZAL YAHYA/Shutterstock; Stu Forster/Getty Images; Mitch Gunn/Shutterstock; © James Caldwell/Alamy; Markku Ulander/REX Shutterstock; Ellie Faulkner/Roddy Clark; Steve Russell/Toronto Star via Getty Images; John Fryer/Alamy Live News; Chris Jackson/Getty Images; News Shots North/Alamy; Warren Little/Getty Images for Falcon; Faye Clack/Roddy Clark; Dan Mullan/Getty Images; David Rogers/Getty Images; Faye Clack/Roddy Clark; Ellie Faulkner/Roddy Clark; Brian Bahr/ALLSPORT/Getty; Warren Little/Getty Images for Falcon; JACKY NAEGELEN/Reuters/Corbis; CRAIG MERCER/Demotix/Corbis; Michael Steele/Getty Images; Koki Nagahama/Getty Images; Matthew Lewis/Getty Images; JACKY NAEGELEN/Reuters/Corbis; Boris Streubel/Getty Images; Ben Hoskins/Getty Images; Michael Steele/Getty Images; Max Ellis Photography; The Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images; Samuel Borges Photography/Shutterstock; Robert Laberge/Getty Images; AndreasReh/iStockphoto;  ranplett/iStockphoto; Mark Hayes/Alamy; Galina Barskaya/ Shutterstock; Cultura Creative (RF)/Alamy; Robert Kneschke/ Shutterstock;  bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Monkey Business/Shutterstock; Robin Beckham/BEEPstock/Alamy; fcafotodigital/iStockphoto; Patrick Smith/Getty Images); mooninblack/Shutterstock; SAEED KHAN/AFP/Getty Images; CHEN WS/Shutterstock; ALEXANDER NEMENOV/AFP/Getty Images; ChinaFotoPress/ChinaFotoPress via Getty Images; BEN STANSALL/AFP/Getty Images; KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images); Jean Catuffe/Getty Images;  Bill McCay/WireImage/ Getty Images; Cameron Spencer/Getty Images); Danny Lawson/PA Archive/Press Association Images; TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters/Corbis; David Dow/NBAE via Getty Images; Africa Media Online/Alamy; Neale Cousland/Shutterstock; YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP/Getty Images; Bob Thomas/Getty Images; DANIEL GARCIA/AFP/Getty Images; Gareth Copley/Getty Images; JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP/Getty Images; martin Garnham/Shutterstock; Matt Lewis - World Rugby/World Rugby via Getty Images; David Price/Arsenal FC via Getty Images); On Man Kevin Lee/Getty Images); Paul Springett A/Alamy.

Nerthuz/Shutterstock; Ole Graf/Corbis; omgimages/iStockphoto; Anderson Ross/Getty; Shahjehan/Shutterstock; Boris Streubel/Getty; Bob Martin/Sports Illustrated/Getty; ranplett/iStockphoto; Heidi van der Westhuizen/iStockphoto; Creativeye99/iStockphoto; Michael Regan/Getty; Jean Catuffe/Getty; Zero Creatives/Getty; Bill McCay/WireImage/ Getty; Courtesy of Hawkeye; Courtesy of Hawkeye; Courtesy of Hawkeye; Christopher Futcher/Getty; Craig Lassig/Invision for Humana/AP Images/ PA; Gareth Copley/Getty ; Ian Walton/Getty; Bob Thomas/Getty; GREG BAKER/Getty.

The short-term effects of exercise on the respiratory system, Levers

Gareth Clarke Design; Wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock.com; Aila Images/Shutterstock.com; Pahtos Media/Shutterstock.com.

Antagonistic pairs

Film director and editor: Jo Coates. With thanks to the staff and students at Retford Oaks High School.

Imagery, Progressive muscular relaxation, Mind to muscle relaxation, Breathing exercise

With thanks to Anna Young and Paul Fyfe.

GCSE PE: Top ten teaching tips

Self-shooting director: Roddy Clark. Producer: Abigail Woodman. With thanks to the staff and students at Roundwood Park School.

GCSE Practical Performance

Written by Jason Rhodes. Filmed and edited by Oxford Digital Media. With thanks to the staff and students at Greenfield Community College.

On Your Marks interactive activities

With thanks to Shaun Wills.

Artwork

Artwork by MPS Ltd; QBS Learning; Joosep Martinson - ISU/ISU via Getty Images; Stu Forster/Getty Images; TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters/Corbis; ZURAB KURTSIKIDZE/epa/Corbis; Jason Ramasami.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Physical Education A Level for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Photolibrary

Presentation: Thomas_EyeDesign/istockphoto; amadea/istockphoto; dswebb/istockphoto; Ronald Martinez/Getty images; ictor/istockphoto; zoom-zoom/istockphoto; Kameel/istockphoto; Kursad/istockphoto; Keeweeboy/istockphoto; Spauln/istockphoto; thumb/istockphoto; newphotoservice/Shutterstock; kati1313/istockphoto; Ronald Sumners/Shutterstock; bttoro/istockphoto; tanita.eu; tanita.eu; slinscor/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; Jimak/istockphoto; duncan1890/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; Gelpi/istockphoto; iofoto/istockphoto; Image Source/Alamy; Bowling; philipdyer/istockphoto : apomares/istockphoto; sylvaine Thomas/Fotolia; Filipebvarela/Fotolia; apomares/istockphoto; REX/Universal History Archive / Universal Images Group; poco_bw/istockphoto; Studio1One/istockphoto; kickitout.org; wsff.org.uk; sportingequals.org.uk; efds.co.uk;

dlewis33/istockphoto; csundahl/istockphoto; .shock/Fotolia; Cimmerian/istockphoto; davejkahn/istockphoto; Jimak/istockphoto; shock/Fotolia; amriphoto/istockphoto

Case study: Associated Sports Photography/Alamy; Rex/Colorsport/RexFeatures; © Leo Mason sports photos / Alamy; Matthew Lewis/Getty Images; bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; nickfree/istockphoto; FotografiaBasica/istockphoto; Russ Witherington/istockphoto; magnetcreative/istockphoto; shorrocks/istockphoto; Michael Steele/Getty Images; Shaun Botterill/Getty images; Mike Hewitt/Getty images; John Gichigi/Getty images; AFP/Getty Images; Mike Segar/Reuters/Corbis; Reuters/CORBIS; Simon Price/Alamy; European Sports Photographic Agency/Alamy; Image Source Plus/Alamy; Kati1313/istockphoto; Mari/istockphoto; PeskyMonkey/istockphoto; strickke/istockphoto; Image Source Plus/Alamy; Nikada/istockphoto; Thomasz Trojanowski/Shutterstock; 4x6/istockphoto; ShrisHepburn/istockphoto; ChrisHepburn/istockphoto; AFP/Getty Images; Oleksii Bailura/thinkstock; apomares/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; Raich Carter; David Lloyd; Philippa Lewis, Edifice/CORBIS; Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS; kickitout.org; Getty Images; MotoEd/istockphoto; apomares/istockphoto; Gymnast; AFP/Getty Images; bmcent1/istockphoto; MichaelSvoboda/istockphoto; craftvision/istockphoto; Vladislav Gajic/Fotolia; huimin/Fotolia; Monkey Business/Fotolia; Dusan Zidar/Fotolia; REX/Greg Allen; PA Photos 2523302; Vladislav Gajic/Fotolia; huimin/Fotolia; Vladimir Wrangel/Fotolia; Ken Mellott/Fotolia; John Terence Turner / Getty images; olly/Fotolia; Sports Illustrated/Getty Images; fotolia 6549068; fotolia 6549618; fotolia 6549068; fotolia 6549007; Getty/AFP/Indranil Mukherjee; getty 71917380; luxxtek/istockphoto; getty gloves – 71917401; luxxtek/istockphoto; han3617/istockphoto; istock – 7004513; technotr/istockphoto; simonkr/istockphoto; istock 7007766; barsik/istockphoto; han3617/istockphoto; AFP/Getty Images; DIAMONDPHOTO/istockphoto; Nikada/istockphoto; technotr/istockphoto; Cordial AV; gpflman/istockphoto; Sean_warren/istockphoto; ezza116/istockphoto; Getty Images; Nicholas Rjabow/istockphoto; technotr/istockphoto; Mike Hewitt/Getty Images; Purdue9394/istockphoto; Getty Images; viafilm/istockphoto; niknikon/istockphoto; Getty Images; Lovattpics/istockphoto; Getty Images; monkeybusinessimages/istockphoto; AlexKalina/istockphoto; mikedabell/istockphoto; LanceB/istockphoto; barsik/istockphoto; AFP/Getty Images; WireImage

Interactive activity: dlewis33/istockphoto; Image Source Plus / Alamy; Sylvaine Thomas/Fotolia; Skier; craftvision/istockphoto; jc/Fotolia; kiankhoon/istockphoto; breads; milk; PureStock/Alamy; Gray677.png; Johnny Lye/Fotolia; Piotr Sikora/Fotolia; Getty Images Sport Classic collection; viafilms/istockphoto; efds.co.uk; wsff.org.uk; sportingequals.co.uk; communityactionzone.org; Mike Segar/Reuters/Corbis; .shock/Fotolia; Stephan Hoerold/iStock; istock - 1823355

Test yourself: Jamie Squire/Getty Images;

Simulation: Dominique LUZY/Fotolia.com

Illustrations include artwork drawn by Peters and Zabransky UK Ltd

Star football club images provided by the author.

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Physical Education GCSE for AQA

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Inmagine Bananastock

Worksheet: Mike King/Corbis; Paul Harding/Action Images; Ian Cawley/Youth Sport Trust; Jeff Cadge/Getty images; www.essexfa.com; sportspics.ru; Filipebvarela/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; rarpia/istockphoto; Niceshot/Fotolia; Michael Krinke/istockphoto; Maksym Gorpenyuk/istockphoto; Maria Adelaide Silva/Fotolia; Jim Wileman Photography; John Biever/Getty images; James Jurcevich/Columbus Racing Company, www.columbusrunning.com; James Jurcevich/Columbus Racing Company, www.columbusrunning.com; Shaun Botterill/Getty Images; EcoView/Fotolia; Mike Dabell/istockphoto; branislav ostojic/istockphoto; technotr/istockphoto; technotr/istockphoto; Newcastle Northern Rock; Mitch Gunn/Shutterstock; AFP/Getty Images

Audio case study: Julian Finney/Getty Images; CARL DE SOUZA/AFP/Getty Images; Julian Finney/Getty Images; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; CARL DE SOUZA/AFP/Getty Images; Sportlibrary/Fotolia; bikeriderlondon/Shutterstock; Jiang Dao Hua/istockphoto; Edward Bock/Istockphoto; oleg filipchuk/istockphoto; Michael Chamberlin/Fotolia; strickke/isotkcphoto; Jeff Fishbein/WireImage/Getty; Wolfgang Amri/istockphoto; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; David Callow/Reuters/Corbis; han3617/istockphoto; David Rogers/Getty Images; David Rogers/Getty Images; Orlando Florin Rosu/Fotolia; Sven Hoppe/istockphoto; Alex Livesey/Getty Images; Mario Bruno/Fotolia; Ana Abejon/istockphoto; Image100 /Photolibrary; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; FSA, www.food.gov.uk, © Crown Copyright; Tony Tremblay/istockphoto; a4stockphotos/Fotolia; Birgitte Magnus/istockphoto; Karen Struthers/Fotolia; robynmac/Fotolia; Fuat Kose/istockphoto; sportgraphic/Fotolia; Dob's Farm/Fotolia; Bill Manning/istockphoto; Jennifer Trenchard/istockphoto; Tom Stoddart/Getty Images; DIMITAR DILKOFF/AFP/Getty Images; Adam Pretty/Getty Images; Adam Pretty/Getty Images; DIMITAR DILKOFF/AFP/Getty Images; DIMITAR DILKOFF/AFP/Getty Images; DIMITAR DILKOFF/AFP/Getty Images; sylvaine thomas/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Sergey Galushko/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; Alison Bowden/Fotolia; Glenn Price; ataly/Fotolia; Chris Schmidt/istockphoto; Glenn Price; J.Clarke/Getty Images; Dragan Trifunovic/istockphoto; David S. Holloway/Getty Images; Robert Brown/istockphoto; www.sportsleaders.org © Sports England, The Kingswood Group, Getty images Staff/Getty images; Glenn Price

Case study: Rob Friedman/istockphoto; Sandra Henderson/istockphoto; Gavin MacVicar/istockphoto; Sandro Donda/Fotolia; Richard Hobson/istockphoto; Ben Blankenburg/istockphoto; Eliza Snow/istockphoto; TommL/istockphoto; Pgiam/istockphoto; Ben Blankenburg/istockphoto; Downend School; Getty Images for Rugby New Zealand 2011 Ltd; GEORGES GOBET/AFP/Getty Images; Russell Cheyne/Getty Images; PHILIP LITTLETON/AFP/Getty Images; WILLIAM WEST/AFP/Getty Images; WILLIAM WEST/AFP/Getty Images; BERNARD PAPON/AFP/Getty Images; David Hanley/Getty images; Paylessimages/Fotolia; Alistair Berg/Getty images; webphotographeer/istockphoto; Alistair Berg/Getty images; Ross Land/Getty Images; CHRISTOPHE VANDER EECKEN / REPORTERS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Glenn Price; Webbsoft; Richard Heathcote/Getty Images; Clive Rose/Getty Images; Clive Rose/Getty Images; Mark Dadswell/Getty Images; Al Bello/Getty Images; MARTIN BUREAU/AFP/Getty Images; ADRIAN DENNIS/AFP/Getty Images; STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images; Bob Thomas/Getty Images

Interactive activity: Pgiam/istockphoto; strickke/istockphoto; Lawrence Sawyer/istockphoto; Andrzej Burak/istockphoto; A-Digit/istockphoto; Lawrence Sawyer/istockphoto; Galina Barskaya/Fotolia; lilufoto/Fotolia; lilufoto/Fotolia;

Video case study: 111078_068, © CorbisMotion; Andrew Towers/istockphoto; Downend School; 111078_068, © CorbisMotion; Dave Snow/istockphoto; Brian Pamphilon/istockphoto

Animation: Source code, interface design, animations and interactives © Oxford University Press 2009; Mirko Pernjakovic/istockphoto; Mirko Pernjakovic/istockphoto; Shockwave-Sound.Com;

Illustrations by: Lightbox, David Russell Illustration and Rupert Beasley

A special thanks to the staff and pupils at Downend School, Bristol for participating in our photo shoot.

Original Illustrations © Oxford University Press 2014

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

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Psychology

Psychology for Cambridge International AS & A Level CD-ROM

View acknowledgements

Disclaimer

The questions, example answers, marks awarded and/or comments that appear in this book and CD were written by the author. In examination, the way marks would be awarded to answers like these may be different.

 

The Complete Companions for AQA A Level Psychology

View acknowledgements

Interactives:

caimacanul/Shutterstock; Everything/Shutterstock; Aleksey Sagitov/Shutterstock; Denniro/Shutterstock; design56/Shutterstock; Stocksnapper/Shutterstock; leungchopan/Shutterstock; James Clarke/Shutterstock; RoJo Images/Shutterstock; iunewind/Shutterstock; Alexandra Lande/Shutterstock; mangostock/Shutterstock; nenetus/Shutterstock; Dream79/Shutterstock; Syda Productions/Shutterstock; CYC/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Lucky Team Studio/Shutterstock; Johnny Adolphson/Shutterstock; AlenD/Shutterstock; Arvind Balaraman/Shutterstock; Jose AS Reyes/Shutterstock; Mega Pixel/Shutterstock; Altana8/Shutterstock; Eric Isselee/Shutterstock; LeniKovaleva/Shutterstock; Conrad Levac/Shutterstock; Eric Isselee/Shutterstock; Cathy Keifer/Shutterstock; DM7/Shutterstock; merzzie/Shutterstock; Olga Sapegina/Shutterstock; Nina Leen/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; Evgeny Karandaev/Shutterstock; Flashon Studio/Shutterstock; © f4foto/Alamy; © Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; © Damon Coulter/Alamy; © Boaz Rottem/Alamy; © Image Source Plus/Alamy; Vitalii Hulai/Shutterstock; irin-k/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; View Apart/Shutterstock; Dean Drobot/shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/shutterstock; Eugenia Petrovskaya/shutterstock; wavebreak media/Shutterstock; Photographee.eu/shutterstock; Power and Syred/Science Photo Library; runzelkorn/Shutterstock; De Agostini Picture Library ; DGLimages/shutterstock; michaeljung/shutterstock; Skdonnell/iStock; Alhovik/shutterstock; Pavel L Photo and Video/Shutterstock; Olesia Bilkei/Shutterstock; Ria Novosti/Topfoto; terra incognita/Shutterstock; kikovic/Shutterstock; lovelyday12/shutterstock; Iakov Filimonov/shutterstock; Volt Collection/Shutterstock; DVARG/Shutterstock; Andrey_Kuzmin/shutterstock; Mega Pixel/Shutterstock; anekoho/shutterstock; Mega Pixel/Shutterstock; karamysh/Shutterstock; ESB Professional/Shutterstock; Antonio Guillem/Shutterstock; Marcos Mesa Sam Wordley/Shutterstock; erichon/Shutterstock; Elena Veselova/shutterstock; angelo gilardelli/Shutterstock; Aleutie/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; indira's work/Shutterstock; MimaCZ/shutterstock; Christi Tolbert/shutterstock.com; Brian A Jackson/Shutterstock; © US Navy Photo/Alamy Stock Photo; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; KieferPix/Shutterstock; LoloStock/Shutterstock; mypokcik/shutterstock; Thirteen/shutterstock; owatta/shutterstock; Will & Deni Mcintyre/Science Photo Library; Andrea Danti/Shutterstock; Tanya Puntti/Shutterstock; frank60/shutterstock; Aaron Amat/Shutterstock; maximino/Shutterstock; Prath/shutterstock.com; Alessandro Albert/Getty; eldeiv/Shutterstock; Jerry-Rainey/Shutterstock; lipik/Shutterstock; Ms VectorPlus/shutterstock.com; pixelrain/shutterstock.com; Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; Marcos Mesa Sam Wordley/Shutterstock; Peter Hermes Furian/Shutterstock; Image Point Fr/Shutterstock; Kolonko/shutterstock; Alhovik/shutterstock; JPC-PROD/Shutterstock

Knowledge tests:

kurhan/Shutterstock; racorn/Shutterstock; KreativKolors/shutterstock; wowomnom/shutterstcok; Power and Syred/Science Photo Library; Gelpi/shutterstock; Corbis; Oksana Kuzmina/shutterstock; Oldrich/shutterstock; Ria Novosti/Topfoto; Volt Collection/Shutterstock; Pressmaster/shutterstock; Andrey_Kuzmin/shutterstock; Thirteen/shutterstock; ChristianChan/shutterstock; sunabesyou/Shutterstock; MimaCZ/shutterstock; leungchopan/Shutterstock; Alhovik/shutterstock; Kamil Macniak/Shutterstock; Alhovik/shutterstock; KieferPix/Shutterstock; mypokcik/shutterstock; owatta/shutterstock; Thirteen/shutterstock; Will & Deni Mcintyre/Science Photo Library; William Perugini/shutterstock; Rudie Strummer/shutterstock; Zsschreiner/shutterstock; Aaron Amat/Shutterstock; ArsenLuben/shutterstock; ChristianChan/shutterstock; owatta/shutterstock; Scanrail1/Shutterstock; Lightspring/shutterstock ; Alhovik/shutterstock; Lightspring/shutterstock; Elnur/shutterstock; owatta/shutterstock; Thirteen/shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/shutterstock; Zern Liew/shutterstock; wk1003mike/shutterstock

Videos:

Philip Zimbardo; Footage supplied by British Pathé; ITN Source; With kind permission from Andrew N. Meltzoff, Ph.D.; Davidson Films; Teaching materials developed by Judith Johnson at the University of Leeds, Hannah played by Malak El-Gonemy. Filmed and Edited by Trinity Vision @ Leeds Trinity University; CLIPAREA l Custom media/Shutterstock; Aleksei Gurko/Shutterstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; motion.pl/Shutterstock; GlobalP/iStockphoto

Author films

Blamb/Shutterstock; Jultud/Shutterstock; Johan Larson/Shutterstock

With thanks to Shortcutstv: www.shortcutstv.com

Resource Planners:

© Photofusion Picture Library/Alamy; grandriver/iStock; Fer Gregory/Shutterstock; Benson/Getty Images; © Bettmann/CORBIS; © Photos 12/Alamy; Daniela Staerk/Shutterstock; © Classic Image/Alamy; Cara Flanagan; luckyraccoon/Shutterstock; Milkos/Shutterstock; mangostock/Shutterstock; Lane V. Erickson/Shutterstock; © TNT MAGAZINE/Alamy; © 67photo/Alamy; Flashon Studio/Shutterstock; © Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; Kutlayev Dmitry/Shutterstock; aastock/Shutterstock; © 2004 TopFoto; Africa Studio/Shutterstock; marekuliasz/Shutterstock; Mega Pixel/Shutterstock; Feng Yu/Shutterstock; Halfpoint/Shutterstock; George Dolgikh/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; leungchopan/Shutterstock; lathspell/Shutterstock; twobee/Shutterstock; Tashatuvango/Shutterstock; © Editorial Image, LLC/Alamy; v.s.anandhakrishna/Shutterstock; A. Meltzoff; pedalist/Shutterstock; Nina Leen/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; Subbotina Anna/Shutterstock; Photodisc/Oxford University Press; Photo by John Oates, copyright The Open University 2015; Jimmy Tran/Shutterstock; Robertson Films; © Bernard Bisson/Sygma/Corbis; Dubova/Shutterstock; Express Newspapers/Getty Images; Topham Picturepoint; University of Akron; ostill/Shutterstock; Nativania/Shutterstock; marekuliasz/Shutterstock; hxdbzxy/Shutterstock; © United Archives GmbH/Alamy; © Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; PathDoc/Shutterstock; Jeff Morin/Shutterstock; © Corbis; kelvin/Shutterstock; leonello calvetti/Shutterstock; William Perugini/Shutterstock; Sebastian Kaulitzki/Shutterstock; astudio/Shutterstock; PHILIPPE PSAILA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; © Patrick Durand/Sygma/Corbis; gashgeron/Shutterstock; Monkey Business Images/shutterstock; Drop of Light/Shutterstock; View Apart/Shutterstock; Dean Drobot/shutterstock; seanbear/shutterstock; KreativKolors/shutterstock; Blend Images/shutterstock; Photographee.eu/shutterstock; mirtmirt/shutterstock; © MARKA/Alamy; zadirako/Shutterstock; Science Photo Library (Cheryl Power); Gelpi/shutterstock; Romrodphoto/Shutterstock; Hans Casparius/Stringer/Getty; DGLimages/shutterstock; Skodonnell/iStock; Loveliestdreams/Dreamstime; Corbis; DONOT6_STUDIO/shutterstock; Serhiy Kobyakov/Shutterstock; Scott Leman/Shutterstock; Adisak Rungjaruchai/shutterstock; Volt Collection/Shutterstock; Pressmaster/shutterstock; Andrey_Kuzmin/shutterstock; Andrii Vodolazhskyi/shutterstock; anekoho/shutterstock; Thirteen/shutterstock; ESB Professional/Shutterstock; YURALAITS ALBERT/shutterstock; Marty Melville/Stringer/Getty; Lightspring/shutterstock; Kateholms/Shutterstock; Rawpixel.com/shutterstock; alxhar/Shutterstock; "adike/shutterstock; Andrii Vodolazhskyi/shutterstock"; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock; © Bubbles Photolibrary/Alamy Stock Photo; Aleutie/Shutterstock; Agencia Boxx/Shutterstock; narokzaad/shutterstock; Brian A Jackson/Shutterstock; doodle/shutterstock; © US Navy Photo/Alamy Stock Photo; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; KieferPix/Shutterstock; mypokcik/shutterstock; pathdoc/Shutterstock; janista/shutterstock; marekuliasz/Shutterstock; Rudie Strummer/shutterstock; William Perugini/shutterstock; (Amended from AS CC); © AF archive/Alamy Stock Photo; Tanya Puntti/Shutterstock; View Apart/Shutterstock; salajean/Shutterstock; PhotoStock10/Shutterstock; 1000 Words/Shutterstock; frank60/shutterstock; Aaron Amat/Shutterstock; Steve Skjold/Alamy; Scanrail1/Shutterstock; kamomeen/shutterstock; ostill/Shutterstock; Alessandro Albert/Getty; Universal History Archive; Shutter_M/Shutterstock; ChristianChan/shutterstock; martinlubpl/shutterstock; Joel -Mishon; Jerry-Rainey/Shutterstock; GraphicsRF/Shutterstock; Sergey Nivens/Shutterstock; rangizzz/Shutterstock; Zern Liew/shutterstock; StockLite/Shutterstock; © Bettmann/CORBIS; Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; Lithiumphoto/Shutterstock; Peter Hermes Furian/Shutterstock; Image Point Fr/Shutterstock; wk1003mike/shutterstock; marekuliasz/Shutterstock; Peter Dazeley/Getty 

We are grateful to the following for permission to use their photographs:

Photos: Shutterstock / absolutimages; Shutterstock / Shutterstock / Fabian Faber; Shutterstock / Shutterstock / Eric Isselee; Shutterstock / SH-Vector/Shutterstock and Henrik5000/iStockPhoto.

Artwork by Jason Ramasami.

Worksheets

Ivonne Wierink/Shutterstock; michaeljung/Shutterstock; xpixel/Shutterstock; Qiun/Shutterstock; With thanks to Adrian Frost;  america365/Shutterstock; Akinina Olena/Shutterstock; Palto/Shutterstock; silvano audisio/Shutterstock; fabioberti.it/Alamy; KlektaDarya/Shutterstock; meaculpa_1/Shutterstock; © Don Troiani/Corbis; gielmichal/Shutterstock; Stylus photo/Shutterstock; vvoe/Shutterstock; niderlander/Shutterstock; szefei/Shutterstock; meunierd/Shutterstock; KOUNADEAS IOANNHS/Shutterstock; Kristina Stasiuliene/Shutterstock; scottlitt/Shutterstock; f9photos/Shutterstock; Eric Isselee/Shutterstock, kungverylucky/Shutterstock; 2happy/Shutterstock, Studio/Shutterstock; (top) Lightspring/Shutterstock, Nicku/Shutterstock; PWT/Shutterstock; Fuse/Getty Images; vasabii/Shutterstock; Alexandru Cristian Ciobanu/Shutterstock; monbibi/Shutterstock; Elena Tkachenko/Shutterstock;  A1Stock/Shutterstock; Christophe BOISSON/Shutterstock; cristi180884/Shutterstock; leosapiens/Shutterstock; Yes Man/Shutterstock; Stephen Rees/Shutterstock; thekopmylife/Shutterstock; Jagodka/Shutterstock; Nolte Lourens/Shutterstock

Artwork by Aptara, GreenGate and QBS.

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for exam questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Links to third party websites are provided by Oxford in good faith and for information only. Oxford disclaims any responsibility for the materials contained in any third party website referenced in this work.

 

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Religious Education

AQA GCSE Religious Studies

View acknowledgements

We are grateful to the authors and publishers for use of extracts from their titles and in particular for the following:

AQA material is reproduced by permission of AQA. Where any questions have been taken from AQA specimen papers, these suggested answers have neither been provided, nor approved by AQA, nor do they constitute the only possible solutions.

Scripture quotations [marked NIV] taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version Anglicised Copyright © 1979, 1984, 2011 Biblica. Used by permission of Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, an Hachette UK company. All rights reserved. ‘NIV’ is a registered trademark of Biblica UK trademark number 1448790.

Excerpts from Catechism of the Catholic Church, http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/ccc_toc.htm (Strathfield, NSW: St Pauls, 2000). © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.  

Excerpts from The Qur'an OWC translated by M. A. S. Abdel Haleem (Oxford University Press, 2008). © M. A. S. Abdel Haleem 2004, 2005. Reproduced with permission from Oxford University Press.

Excerpts from the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_1998_professio-fidei_en.html © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

Catholic Online: Opening prayer of Catholic midnight mass, https://www.catholic.org/prayers/prayer.php?p=341 (Catholic Online, 2020). Reproduced with permission from Catholic Online.

Church of England: Abortion: Church of England Statements, third edition, https://www.churchofengland.org/sites/default/files/2017-11/Abortion Church of England Statements.pdf (Archbishops’ Council, 2017). Text from the Church of England website is © Archbishops’ Council. Published by Church House Publishing. Reproduced with permission. rights@hymnsam.co.uk

Church of England: Marriage, Family and Sexuality Issues: Family, https://www.churchofengland.org/our-views/marriage,-family-and-sexuality-issues/family.aspx (Archbishops’ Council, 2017) Text from the Church of England website is © Archbishops’ Council. Published by Church House Publishing. Used by permission. rights@hymnsam.co.uk

English Language Liturgical Consultation: English translations of The Apostles' Creed, https://www.englishtexts.org/the-apostles-creed (English Language Liturgical Consultation, 1998) ©1998, English Language Liturgical Consultation (ELLC). Reproduced with permission. www.englishtexts.org

The Lambeth Conference: The Lambeth Conference: Resolutions Archive from 1930, (The Lambeth Conference, 2005). Reproduced with permission from The Lambeth Conference.

Rene Laurentin: Bernadette Speaks: a life of St. Bernadette Soubirous in her own words, (Pauline Books and Media, 1999) © The Pious Society of the Daughters of St Paul. Reproduced with permission.

Pope Francis: quote from Mass June 2015. (The Vatican, 2015). © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

Pope John Paul II: Evangelium Vitae, March 25th 1995 (The Vatican, 1995) © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

Pope Paul VI: Humanae Vitae, On the Regulation of Birth, July 25th 1968 (The Vatican, 1968). © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso the Dalai Lama: An Open Heart: Practising Compassion in Everyday Life, (Hodder & Stoughton, 2002). Reproduced with permission from His Holiness The Dalai Lama.

S. Hucklesby: 'Mutual cooperation, not mutual destruction' say Churches, The Methodist Church in Britain website, 23rd May 2015. http://www.methodist.org.uk/news-and-events/news-releases/mutual-cooperation-not-mutual-destruction-say-churches (The Methodist Church in Britain, 2015). © Trustees for Methodist Church Purposes. Reproduced with permission from The Methodist Church in Britain.

C. S. Lewis: The Weight of Glory, (William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1965). © CS Lewis Pte Ltd 1949. Reproduced with permission from CS Lewis Pte Ltd.

Pope Francis: address to congress September 2015. (The Vatican, 2015). Reproduced with permission from The Vatican. © Libreria Editrice Vaticana.

Pope Paul VI: Encyclical Populorum Progressio: Encyclical of Pope Paul VI, on the Development of Peoples (The Vatican, 1967). Reproduced with permission from The Vatican. © Libreria Editrice Vaticana.

Pope Paul VI: Humanae Vitae, (The Vatican, 1968). Reproduced with permission from The Vatican. © Libreria Editrice Vaticana.

Pope Pius XI: Christian Marriage (Encyclical Letter (Casti Connubii)), translated by D.D., Ph.D. Rt Rev. Mgr Canon J. D. Smith. (Catholic Truth Society, 1965). Reproduced with permission from The Catholic Truth Society, London.

C. Sagan: Cosmos: A Personal Voyage “Encyclopedia Gallactica” Episode 12 (Random House, 1980), © 1980 Carl Sagan. Reproduced with permission from Druyan-Sagan Associates, Inc.

Druyan-Sagan Associates, Inc.: Copyright © 1980 Carl Sagan. Reprinted with permission from Druyan-Sagan Associates, Inc.. All rights reserved this material cannot be further circulated without written permission of Druyan-Sagan Associates, Inc..

Archbishop Tutu: Reported in article "Archbishop Tutu 'would not worship a homophobic God'", July 26th 2013 (BBC, 2013) http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-23464694 

C. Langston: Reported in article: "A man of God in the Army" March 13th 2003 (BBC, 2003) http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2818517.stm

Archbishop Welby: Faith must be strong enough to take offence, The Times, July 16 2015. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/opinion/columnists/article4499162.ece (The Times, 2015). Copyright holder not established at time of going to print.

J. Polkinghorne: Science and Religion in Quest of Truth, (Yale University Press, 2001). Copyright holder not established at time of going to print.

 

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Image Source

Revision video: David Worden

Multiple choice quiz: kylerholmes/iStockphoto; imageBROKER/Alamy; OXANA ONIPKO/AFP/Getty Images;

Rebecca Erol / Alamy Stock Photo; Mike Booth/Alamy

Illustrations: Jason Ramasami

Animations by Tin Mouse

Edexcel GCSE Religion Studies: Christianity and Islam Exam Practice and Revision Kerboodle

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We are grateful to the authors and publishers for use of extracts from their titles and in particular for the following:

Scripture quotations [marked NIV] taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version Anglicised Copyright © 1979, 1984, 2011 Biblica. Used by permission of Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, an Hachette UK company. All rights reserved. ‘NIV’ is a registered trademark of Biblica UK trademark number 1448790.

Excerpts from Book of Common Prayer, the rights in which are vested in the Crown, are reproduced by permission of the Crown's Patentee, Cambridge University Press https://www.churchofengland.org/prayer-worship/worship/book-of-common-prayer/articles-of-religion.aspx (Cambridge University Press, 2004). Reproduced with permission from Cambridge University Press.

Excerpts from Catechism of the Catholic Church, http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/ccc_toc.htm (Strathfield, NSW: St Pauls, 2000). © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

Excerpts from The Qur'an OWC translated by M. A. S. Abdel Haleem (Oxford University Press, 2008). © M. A. S. Abdel Haleem 2004, 2005. Reproduced with permission from Oxford University Press.

The Church of England: Common Worship, (Church of England, 2016). © The Archbishops' Council of the Church of England. Reproduced with permission from The Archbishops' Council.

The Church of England: Ministry with Children, https://www.churchofengland.org/education/children-young-people/ministry-with-children.aspx (Archbishops' Council, 2016). © The Archbishops' Council of the Church of England. Reproduced with permission from The Archbishops' Council.

W. Paley: Natural Theology, (Oxford University Press, 2008). Reproduced with permission from Oxford University Press.

Pope Francis: Homily at morning Mass, 9th Feb 2015 (The Vatican, 2015). © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

Pope Francis: Speaking at the Pontifical Academy of Science, 28th October 2014 (The Vatican, 2014). © Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Reproduced with permission from The Vatican.

J. Stolt: The Cross of Christ, (InterVarsity Press, 2006). Reproduced with permission from InterVarsity Press.

St Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica, (Benziger Bros, 1947). Reproduced with permission from The Dominican Council.

We have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication, but if notified of any errors or omissions, the publisher will be happy to rectify these at the earliest opportunity.

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Living Faiths: Buddhism

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Illustrations by: Gareth Clarke

The publishers would like to thank the following for permissions to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Martin Puddy/Corbis

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Lesson Player: : Kevin Foy/Alamy; doraclub/Shutterstock; Narathorn/Shutterstock; The Art Archive/Alamy; AFLO/AFLO/Nippon News/Corbis; glenda/Shutterstock; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; AA World Travel Library/Alamy; Merydolla/Shutterstock; Gl0ck/Shutterstock; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; sbossert/iStock; zorandim/Shutterstock; dbimages/Alamy; Bubbles Photolibrary/Alamy; unclepepin/Shutterstock; Horizons WWP/Alamy; Calvin Chan/Shutterstock;

Elenamiv/Shutterstock; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Nadina/Shutterstock; with kind permission from Karen Hemingway; Krzysztof Kostrubiec/Shutterstock; Patcharin Yimpatna and the Dhammakaya Temple, UK; Santibhavank P/Shutterstock.com; Christer Fredriksson/Lonely Planet Images/Getty Images; Nick Cornish/Rex Features; John Morrison/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; Ursula Gahwiler/Robert Harding/Rex Features; Valeria73/Shutterstock; Mary Kate Denny/Getty Images; Pressmaster/Shutterstock; Mat_in_Tibet-D4784s; Vertes Edmond Mihai/Shutterstock; Hemis/Alamy; LiliGraphie/Shutterstock; Sipa Press/Rex Features; NIVIERE/SIPA/Rex Features; AlamyCelebrity/Alamy; David Levenson/Alamy; Getty Images; TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters/Corbis; Bloomberg/Getty Images; NASA/JPL-Caltech/DSS; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; EQUINOX GRAPHICS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Rob Daly/Caia Image/Glow Images; Hindustan Times via Getty Images; Pep Roig/Alamy; OUP Image Bank; s_bukley/Shutterstock.com; silvergull/Shutterstock; anyaivanova/Shutterstock; donsimon/Shutterstock; REUTERS/Sukree Sukplan; ZUMA Wire Service/Alamy; Matthew Chattle/Alamy; all other photos by OUP

From the author, Mark Constance: I would like to thank the students of Balcarras School who, with their questions, answers, humour and thoughtfulness, have made teaching RE the best job in the school.

OUP wishes to thank the Aldam and Harvey families, as well as the community of the temple Wat Santiwongsaram and Phra Aod Boonyoung in particular, for agreeing to take part in the case study films and to be photographed for this title. We would also like to thank The Buddhist Society, and particularly President Dr Desmond Biddulph, for reviewing the worksheets and interactive activities.

We are grateful to the authors for permission to include audio extracts from the following copyright material:

Joshua Hammer: ‘Aung San Suu Kyi: Burma's Revolutionary Leader', Smithsonian Magazine, September 2012.

Toby Johnson: The Myth of the Great Secret: An Appreciation of Joseph Campbell  (Wm Morrow 1981/ Celestial Arts, 1992), and at www. tobyjohnson.com.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Living Faiths: Christianity

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The publishers would like to thank you following for permissions to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Kate Kunac Tabinor/OUP

Image Gallery: GreenPimp/iStock; kadmy/iStock; shaunl/iStock; Vibrant Image Studio/Shutterstock; Maxx-Studio/Shutterstock; shutswis/Shutterstock; rangizzz/Shutterstock; kangshutters/Shutterstock; Nancy Bauer/Shutterstock; Pen Waggener/Getty; vovan/Shutterstock; TIM GRAHAM / Alamy; Flip Schulke/CORBIS; Getty Images; Pascal Deloche/Godong/Corbis; Gideon Mendel/Corbis; Gary Roebuck/Alamy; SuperStock/Getty Images; Dominic Lipinski/PA Archive/Press Association Images; Adams Picture Library t/a apl/Alamy; Bettmann/CORBIS; Michele Falzone/Alamy; Darren Baker/Shutterstock; EDELMANN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; AFLO/AFLO/Nippon News/Corbis; Petty Officer 1st class Shane T. McCoy/Reuters/Corbis; REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih; AFP/Getty Images; david pearson/Alamy; Frank J Stevens; Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images; Image Source/Getty Images; Queerstock, Inc./Alamy; Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock; Flashon Studio/Shutterstock; Design Pics Inc./Alamy; MS Bretherton/Alamy; Simon Rawles/Alamy; Nick Turner/Alamy; Sophia Matthew/OUP; LondonPhotos/Alamy; pbyrne/Flickr; Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

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Assessment Task Presentations: Yobidaba/Shutterstock; Alina Cardiae Photography/Shutterstock; apiguide/Shutterstock; PiXXart/Shutterstock; QQ7/Shutterstock; WDG Photo/Shutterstock; Laurie Noble/Getty Images; KarSol/Shutterstock; Peter Erik Forsberg/Alamy; Joseph Clemson/Alamy; Loop Images Ltd/Alamy; kurt/Shutterstock; MS Bretherton/Alamy; Ajay Shrivastava/Shutterstock; kriszta/Shutterstock

Auto-marked Tests: Flip Schulke/CORBIS; Getty Images; TIM GRAHAM / Alamy; Yobidaba/Shutterstock; jcjgphotography/Shutterstock; Michael Bann/Shutterstock; Adams Picture Library t/a apl/Alamy; Martin Kucera/Shutterstock; Network Photographer/Alamy; a la france/Alamy

Lesson Player: Nancy Bauer/Shutterstock; Adams Picture Library t/a apl/Alamy; J. McPhail/Shutterstock; GreenPimp/iStock; kadmy/iStock; shaunl/iStock; Vibrant Image Studio/Shutterstock; Rui Vale de Sousa/Shutterstock; SuperStock/Glow Images; Maxx-Studio/Shutterstock; shutswis/Shutterstock; rangizzz/Shutterstock; kangshutters/Shutterstock; Nejc Vesel/Shutterstock; Wikimedia Commons; Nancy Bauer/Shutterstock; Gideon Mendel/Corbis; Shebeko/Shutterstock; Rob Daly/Caia Image/Glow Images; vovan/Shutterstock; Gina Rothfels/Shutterstock; Dinga/Shutterstock; Joanne Harris and Daniel Bubnich/Shutterstock; happydancing/Shutterstock; Tomas Jasinskis/Shutterstock; alicedaniel/Shutterstock; Iwona Grodzka/Shutterstock; Olga Kovalenko/Shutterstock; worker/Shutterstock; SuperStock/Getty Images; Design Pics Inc/Rex Features; Radius Images/OUP; Getty Images; Marish/Shutterstock; Nikola Spasenoski/Shutterstock; justdd/Shutterstock; Tim Harman/Shutterstock; Zoran Vukmanov Simokov/Shutterstock; Opachevsky Irina/Shutterstock; Bettmann/CORBIS; Adams Picture Library t/a apl/Alamy; Erwin Wodicka/Bigstock; Dob's Farm/Fotolia; Arbit/Shutterstock; Jezper/Shutterstock; Darren Baker/Shutterstock; Richard Sowersby/Rex Features; VikaSuh/Shutterstock; EDELMANN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; AFLO/AFLO/Nippon News/Corbis; Petty Officer 1st class Shane T. McCoy/Reuters/Corbis; Photographers Choice/OUP; david pearson/Alamy; Getty Images; Frank J Stevens; kurt/Shutterstock; Ninell/Shutterstock; Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock; Image Source/Getty Images; Purestock/Glow Images; Flashon Studio/Shutterstock; Design Pics Inc./Alamy; Steshkin Yevgeniy/Shutterstock; MS Bretherton/Alamy; Nick Turner/Alamy; Simon Rawles/Alamy; pbyrne/Flickr; LondonPhotos/Alamy; Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

Illustrations by: Gareth Clarke

OUP wishes to thank the Arens, Feller and White families for agreeing to take part in the case study films and to be photographed for this title, and Meriel Carmen Colenutt and Chiara Ruggieri-Mitchell for being photographed for the cover. We would also like to thank Tim Gardner OP, Religious Education Adviser for the Catholic Education Service, Linda Foster, and Sue Collins, member of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) and retired school teacher, for reviewing this book.

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

The Holy Bible, New International Version', NIV', copyright 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica Inc.', are used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Vows of Marriage Service from Common Worship: Pastoral Services, copyright The Archbishop's Council 2000, are used by permission of the Church of England, copyright@churchofengland.org. All rights reserved.

The Lord's Prayer and extracts from The Nicene Creed, from The Book of Common Prayer, the rights in which are vested in the Crown, are used by permission of the Crown's Patentee, Cambridge University Press.

Extracts from 'Lord of the Dancewords by Sydney Carter, music Shaker melody adapted by Sydney Carter, copyright 1963 Stainer & Bell Ltd, administered in the USA by Hope Publishing Company, Carol Stream, IL 60188, are used by permission of Stainer & Bell Ltd and Hope Publishing. All rights reserved.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for studentsuse. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Living Faiths: Hinduism

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Cover photo: Godong/Robert Harding/Rex Features

Illustrations by: Gareth Clarke

Films: Louise Batalla Duran/Alamy; Dinodia Photos / Alamy; British Library Board/Robana/TopFoto; Stapleton Collection/Corbis; Brooklyn Museum/Corbis; Stapleton Historical Collection/Heritage-Images/TopFoto; NASA; thefinalmiracle/iStock; AFP/Getty Images; 'The British Library Board/Oriental MS 13477 ff. 1v-2; PhotosIndia/Getty; Randesya Archam Irdani/Shutterstock; mkb/Fotolia; Amit Somvanshi/Getty Images; Visage/Getty Images; Image Source/Getty Images; John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy

Image Gallery: WireImage/Getty; Ark Religion/Helene Rogers; BioLife Pics/Shutterstock; Getty Images Europe; Cihan Demirok, CIDEPIX/Shutterstock; Dan Ionut Popescu/Shutterstock; Leonid Plotkin/Alamy; Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; PiXXart/Shutterstock; Dinodia Photos/Alamy; With kind permission from the Mother Meera Foundation USA; www.vivekanandcollege.org; shaunl/iStock; Prapann stock photo/Shutterstock; Getty Images North America; Mary Evans/Sueddeutsche Zeitung Photo; JAGADEESH NV/epa/Corbis; Adina Tovy/Getty Images; Bonnie Kamin/Getty Images; Ian Shaw/Alamy; Visage/Getty Images; Image Source/Getty Images; John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; Ajay Shrivastava/Shutterstock; Getty Images; Keystone Pictures USA/Alamy; Alvey & Towers Picture Library/Alamy; Simply Signs/Alamy; Getty Images; World History Archive/Alamy; Christer Fredriksson/Getty Images; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; PHILIPPE PSAILA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Jim West/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; SEWA UK; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Neera Vyas-Adams; AFP/Getty Images; Myles Fisher for Inter Faith Network; all other photos by OUP

Interactives: WireImage/Getty; Dinodia Photos/Alamy; Ark Religion/Helene Rogers; Dan Ionut Popescu/Shutterstock; Leonid Plotkin/Alamy; Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; www.vivekanandcollege.org; With kind permission from the Mother Meera Foundation, USA; Visage/Getty Images; John Warburton-Lee Photography/Alamy; Getty Images; World History Archive/Alamy; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Jim West/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

Assessments: thefinalmiracle/iStock; Ronald Chung/Shutterstock; Only Fabrizio/Shutterstock; angelo gilardelli/Shutterstock; Gideon Mendel/Corbis; Adina Tovy/Getty Images; QQ7/Shutterstock; WDG Photo/Shutterstock; Laurie Noble/Getty Images; KarSol/Shutterstock; Peter Erik Forsberg/Alamy; Joseph Clemson/Alamy; Loop Images Ltd/Alamy; Yobidaba/Shutterstock; kurt/Shutterstock; kriszta/Shutterstock; PiXXart/Shutterstock; Ark Religion/Helene Rogers; thefinalmiracle/iStock; National Geographic Image Collection/Alamy; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Dinodia Photos/Alamy; Ajay Shrivastava/Shutterstock; all other photos by OUP

Automarked Tests: Cihan Demirok, CIDEPIX/Shutterstock; Dan Ionut Popescu/Shutterstock; Keystone Pictures USA/Alamy; PiXXart/Shutterstock; Leonid Plotkin/Alamy; Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; Dinodia Photos/Alamy; JAGADEESH NV/epa/Corbis; Getty Images; World History Archive/Alamy; Christer Fredriksson/Getty Images; SEWA UK; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; all other photos by OUP

Lesson Player: Leonid Plotkin/Alamy; Adina Tovy/Getty Images; WireImage/Getty; valdis torms/Shutterstock; Ark Religion/Helene Rogers; Getty Images Europe; Cihan Demirok, CIDEPIX/Shutterstock; Dan Ionut Popescu/Shutterstock; Ajay Shrivastava/Shutterstock; Leonid Plotkin/Alamy; PiXXart/Shutterstock; Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock; Dinodia Photos/Alamy; zorandim/Shutterstock; www.vivekanandcollege.org; With kind permission from the Mother Meera Foundation USA; shaunl/iStock; Prapann stock photo/Shutterstock; Sergiy Bykhunenko/Shutterstock; Getty Images North America; Mary Evans/Sueddeutsche Zeitung Photo; ?Steve Hix/Somos Images/Corbis; JAGADEESH NV/epa/Corbis; ?Bettmann/CORBIS; Bonnie Kamin/Getty Images; Dream Perfection/Shutterstock; Ajay Shrivastava/Shutterstock; kesipun/Shutterstock; Getty Images; Tim Harman/Shutterstock; Keystone Pictures USA/Alamy; Alvey & Towers Picture Library/Alamy; SergiyN/Shutterstock; JIANG HONGYAN/Shutterstock; gemphoto/Shutterstock; Heike Rau; RIRF Stock; PHILIPPE PSAILA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Jim West/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; Nick Gregory/Alamy; anyaivanova/Shutterstock; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Neera Vyas-Adams; Max Krasnov/Shutterstock; Olaf Speier/Shutterstock; Dinodia Photos/Alamy; JoeFoxBelfast/Alamy; Myles Fisher for Inter Faith Network; all other photos by OUP

From the author, Neera Vyas: Love and thanks to my dear and wise mum for answering phone calls at all times of the day (and night!) and helping me with all areas of the project. Also to my poor abandoned daughter, for patience and understanding way beyond most adults, let alone most six- year-olds!

OUP wishes to thank the Patani, Dave and Morris families for agreeing to take part in the case study films and to be photographed for this title. We would also like to thank Jay Lakhani of the Hindu Academy for reviewing the worksheets and interactive activities.

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

The Bhagavad Gita translated from the Sanskrit by Sri Swami Sivananda (Divine Life Society, 1986), are used by permission of The Divine Life Society, Rishikesh, India.

The Upanishads translated from the Sanskrit by Juan Mascar(Penguin Classics, 1965), copyright Juan Mascar1965, are used by permission of Penguin Books. Ltd.

Extracts from 'Is James Leininger reincarnation of Second World War figher pilot?, The Telegraph, 20 August 2009, copyright Telegraph Media Group Ltd 2009, used by permission of TMG.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for studentsuse. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Living Faiths: Islam

View acknowledgements

Cover photo: dboystudio/Shutterstock

Illustrations by: Gareth Clarke

Image Gallery: Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Louise Batalla Duran/Alamy; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; mrfiza/Shutterstock; ersoy emin/Alamy; Rahhal/Shutterstock; Richard Levine/Alamy; Bettmann/CORBIS; Getty Images; With kind permission from www.muslimhands.org.uk; Zurijeta/Shutterstock; Nigel R. Barklie/Rex Features; Shoosmith Multicultural Britain Collection/Alamy; Catchlight Visual Services/Alamy; LUKE MACGREGOR/Reuters/Corbis; Dan Ionut Popescu/Shutterstock; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; VikaSuh/Shutterstock; Ian Miles-Flashpoint Pictures/Alamy; DAVID MOIR/X02060/Reuters/Corbis; DYLAN MARTINEZ/Reuters/Corbis; AFP/Getty Images; Janina Struk/Alamy; NASA/JPL/California Institute of Technology; Firdia Lisnawati/AP/Press Association Images; WireImage/Getty; Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy; aberCPC/Alamy; Marco Di Lauro/Getty; ImagesBazaar/Getty; Jeff Morgan 13/Alamy; Diverse Images/Getty; all other photos by OUP

Films: AFP/Getty Images; ZUMA Wire Service/Alamy; Zurijeta/Shutterstock; Asianet-Pakistan/Shutterstock; Janine Wiedel Photolibrary / Alamy; Geoff A Howard/Alamy; MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images; Henrik5000/Shutterstock; AHMAD FAIZAL YAHYA/Shutterstock.com; Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; PanosKarapanagiotis/iStock; Maksim Dubinsky/Shutterstock; shootshutter/Shutterstock; Rob Hainer/Shutterstock; tunart/iStock

Interactives: Louise Batalla Duran/Alamy; M. Scott Brauer/Alamy; Rahhal/Shutterstock; Yobidaba/Shutterstock; AFP/Getty Images; Zurijeta/Shutterstock; Shoosmith Multicultural Britain Collection/Alamy; LUKE MACGREGOR/Reuters/Corbis; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; DAVID MOIR/X02060/Reuters/Corbis; Janina Struk/Alamy; NASA/JPL/California Institute of Technology; Getty Images; Peter Forsberg/Alamy; aberCPC/Alamy; Diverse Images/Getty; Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

Assessments: Abarna Shanendran; Emma Flint of Slough Grammar School

Automarked Tests: Rahhal/Shutterstock; stormcab/Shutterstock; ansar80/Shutterstock; r.nagy/Shutterstock; Adina Tovy/Getty Images

Lesson Player: Travel Pictures/Alamy; ersoy emin/Alamy; Jim West/ImageBroker/Glowimages; Getty Images; Rahhal/Shutterstock; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; YanLev/Shutterstock; AFP/Getty Images; Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images News/ Getty Images; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; ersoy emin/Alamy; Matthias G. Ziegler/Shutterstock; kaczor58/Shutterstock; Rahhal/Shutterstock; RyFlip/Shutterstock; Sybille Yates/Shutterstock; Neale Cousland/Shutterstock; Bettmann/CORBIS; APAimages/Rex Features; Image Broker/Rex Features; stormcab/Shutterstock; paulista/Shutterstock; Chris Hondros/Getty Images News/ Getty Images; With kind permission from www.muslimhands.org.uk; spaxiax/Shutterstock; David Crosbie/Shutterstock; Zurijeta/Shutterstock; Gtranquility/Shutterstock; Peter Forsberg/Alamy; Majesticca/Shutterstock; Anna Kern/Etsa/Glowimages; LUKE MACGREGOR/Reuters/Corbis; dennisjacobsen/Fotolia; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; RyFlip/Shutterstock; VikaSuh/Shutterstock; Ian Miles-Flashpoint Pictures/Alamy; Fabrice Lerouge/Photononstop/Glowimages; DYLAN MARTINEZ/Reuters/Corbis; Corbis/OUP; PUNIT PARANJPE/Reuters/Corbis; Janina Struk/Alamy; NASA/JPL/California Institute of Technology; Firdia Lisnawati/AP/Press Association Images; Chris Harvey/Shutterstock; nobeastsofierce/Shutterstock; ansar80/Shutterstock; OJO Images/OUP; Marco Di Lauro/Getty; all other photos by OUP

Text: Extracts from The Qu'ran are taken from the following translations:
The Qu'ran Sahih International version (Al Muntada al-Aslami, 2004)
The Qu'ran in English and Arabic translated by Yusuf Ali (Sh Muhammad Aswat, 1975)

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

Beginners Book of Salah by Ghulam Sarwar (8e, Muslim Educational Trust, 2008), used by permission of the Muslim Educational Trust.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for studentsuse. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Living Faiths: Judaism

View acknowledgements

Cover photo: Gareth Boden/OUP

Illustrations by: Gareth Clarke

Image Gallery: Ron Stilling/Associated Newspapers/Rex Features; Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; Ocean/Corbis; Alisdair Macdonald/Rex Features; INTERFOTO/Alamy; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Israel images/Alamy; Royal 2 A. XXII, f.14v/The British Library Board; Eitan Simanor/Alamy; diligent/Shutterstock; Getty Images; Jeffrey Blackler/Alamy; imagebroker/Alamy; Howard Grill/Shutterstock; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Ted Spiegel/CORBIS; AFP/Getty Images; Hanan Isachar/Getty Images; Chameleons Eye/Rex Features; blueeyes/Shutterstock; Maksim Dubinsky/Shutterstock.com; Tim Klein/Galeries/Corbis; David Grossman/Alamy; ZUMA Wire Service/Alamy; with kind permission from Elke Reva Sudin; Sipa Press/Rex Features; Keidar/Israel Sun/Rex Features; PUNIT PARANJPE/Reuters/Corbis; Getty Images; Getty Images; PhotoStock-Israel/Alamy; Godong/Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; with kind permission from Nina Hollington; The Washington Post/Getty Images; Jim West/Alamy; Eddie Gerald/Alamy; silver-john/Shutterstock; all other photos by OUP

Films: Avital Pinnick/Getty Images; AFP/Getty Images; Getty Images; DEA/G. DAGLI ORTI/Getty Images; AlamyCelebrity/Alamy; nextrecord/Fotolia; Mikhail Levit/Shutterstock; Jeffrey Blackler/Alamy; sterling_photo/Shutterstock; Carly Rose Hennigan/Shutterstock; sterling_photo/iStock; diligent/Shutterstock; stevenallan/iStock; Howard Sandler/Shutterstock; : erxolam/iStock; : OLJ Studio/Shutterstock; Andy Crawford/Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

Interactives: World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Eitan Simanor/Alamy; Getty Images; Jeffrey Blackler/Alamy; imagebroker/Alamy; Ted Spiegel/CORBIS; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Howard Grill/Shutterstock; Chameleons Eye/Rex Features; Maksim Dubinsky/Shutterstock.com; David Grossman/Alamy; ZUMA Wire Service/Alamy; Sipa Press/Rex Features; Godong/Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; with kind permission from Nina Hollington; silver-john/Shutterstock; all other photos by OUP

Automarked Tests: Israel images/Alamy; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; imagebroker/Alamy; Yobidaba/Shutterstock; doraclub/Shutterstock; shaunl/iStock; Tim Klein/Galeries/Corbis; Sipa Press/Rex Features; ZUMA Wire Service/Alamy; Godong/Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; with kind permission from Nina Hollington; all other photos by OUP

Lesson Player: imagebroker/Alamy; with kind permission from Nina Hollington; Imagesource/Glowimages;  Chardchanin/Shutterstock; David Crosbie/Shutterstock; Ocean/Corbis; Corbis/OUP; INTERFOTO/Alamy; Israel images/Alamy; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Jacek Chabraszewski/Shutterstock; Ant Strack/Corbis/Glow Images; Royal 2 A. XXII, f.14v/The British Library Board; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock; Eitan Simanor/Alamy; Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock; diligent/Shutterstock; Toa55/Shutterstock; Getty Images; takayuki/Shutterstock; Anna Kern/Etsa/Glowimages; Jeffrey Blackler/Alamy; imagebroker/Alamy; Howard Grill/Shutterstock; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Ted Spiegel/CORBIS; AFP/Getty Images; Rex Features; Hanan Isachar/Getty Images; 3777190317/Shutterstock; Chameleons Eye/Rex Features; Deyan Georgiev/Shutterstock; Tim Klein/Galeries/Corbis; Maksim Dubinsky/Shutterstock.com; Anna Kern/Etsa/Glowimages; Rob Melnychuk/Digital Vision/Getty Images; David Grossman/Alamy; rangizzz/Shutterstock ; ZUMA Wire Service/Alamy; with kind permission from Elke Reva Sudin; Sipa Press/Rex Features; rendan /Shutterstock; Keidar/Israel Sun/Rex Features; Getty Images; Alvey & Towers Picture Library/Alamy; PhotoStock-Israel/Alamy; Godong/Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; Hugh Adams/Shutterstock; Djordje Radivojevic/Shutterstock; Jon Le-Bon/Shutterstock; ArtisticPhoto/Shutterstock; silver-john/Shutterstock; all other photos by OUP

Text: We are grateful for permission to reprint extracts from the following copyright material:

Extracts from The Complete Artscroll Machzor (Mesorah Publications, 1987), reprinted by permission of the copyright holders, Artscroll/Mesorah Publications, Ltd.

Extracts from the Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures (JPS, 1985), copyright © 1985, 1999 by the Jewish Publication Society, Philadelphia, reprinted by permission of the University of Nebraska Press.

Living Faiths: Sikhism

View acknowledgements

Cover photo: Narinder Singh

Illustrations by: Gareth Clarke

Image Gallery: Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; PhotosIndia.com RM 14/Alamy;

World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; Tim Page/CORBIS; Maurice Savage/Alamy; Getty Images; xanirakx/Shutterstock; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Sally and Richard Greenhill/Alamy; Gauravjeet Singh Chhina/Demotix/Corbis; Alex Lentati/Evening Standard/Rex Features; Paul Doyle/Alamy; Richard Levine/Alamy; Jag Lall Singh/UNITED SIKHS; 2010 AFP/Getty Images; www.khalsaaid.org; Featureflash/Shutterstock.com; Michal Kowalski/Shutterstock; Joe Seer/Shutterstock.com; Dennis Donohue/Shutterstock; With kind permission from EcoSikh; Leicester Mercury; With kind permission from Mejindarpal Kaur/UNITED SIKHS; Igor Zh./Shutterstock; Bruce Rolff/Shutterstock; David Taylor/Alamy; EDELMANN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Tim Graham/Alamy; KeystoneUSA-ZUMA/Rex Features; UNITED SIKHS; With kind permission from Mejindarpal Kaur/UNITED SIKHS; MUNISH SHARMA/Reuters/Corbis; AP/AP/Press Association Images; Bettmann/CORBIS; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; With kind permission from Mejindarpal Kaur/UNITED SIKHS; Jeff Moore/Jeff Moore/Empics Entertainment; Getty Images; 2011 AFP/Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

Films: Paul Doyle/Alamy; Westend61 GmbH/Alamy; Bennett Dean/Eye Ubiquitous/Corbis; sam74100/iStock; lculig/Shutterstock; f9photos/Shutterstock; Photo Mere Made in Italy 4/Alamy; Sergei Bachlakov/ZUMA Press/Corbis; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Getty Images; Peter Marshall/Demotix/Corbis; AFP/Getty Images; Peter Marshall/Alamy; all other photos by OUP

Worksheets: PhotosIndia.com RM 14/Alamy; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Tim Page/CORBIS; Maurice Savage/Alamy; TheFinalMiracle/Shutterstock; Tribalium/Shutterstock; UNITED SIKHS; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; 2008 Rio Helmi/Getty Images; all other photos by OUP

Interactives: Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Maurice Savage/Alamy; Richard Levine/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; Dennis Donohue/Shutterstock; EDELMANN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; michaeljung/Shutterstock; AP/AP/Press Association Images; Jeff Moore/Empics Entertainment; 2011 AFP/Getty Images; Yobidaba/Shutterstock; PiXXart/Shutterstock; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; all other photos by OUP.

Automarked Tests: Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; Tim Page/CORBIS; Sally and Richard Greenhill/Alamy; With kind permission from EcoSikh; UNITED SIKHS; all other photos by OUP

Lesson Player: Triff/Shutterstock; Shukaylova Zinaida/Shutterstock; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Igor Zh/Shutterstock; Masterfile; Artisticco/Shutterstock; Boris Stroujko/Shutterstock; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; PhotosIndia.com RM 14/Alamy; World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; kaczor58/Shutterstock; Tim Page/CORBIS; Maurice Savage/Alamy; Shmer/Shutterstock; Getty Images; takayuki/Shutterstock; Gauravjeet Singh Chhina/Demotix/Corbis; Maurice Savage/Alamy; AFP/Getty Images; Alex Lentati/Evening Standard/Rex Features; Horst Mickler Graphics/Shutterstock; 2010 AFP/Getty Images; TheFinalMiracle/Shutterstock; www.khalsaaid.org; Alexander Kalina/Shutterstock; Dennis Donohue/Shutterstock; Leicester Mercury; With kind permission from EcoSikh; NASA; Bruce Rolff/Shutterstock; David Taylor/Alamy; Peter Noyce/Image Broker/Glow Images; EDELMANN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; khunaspix/Bigstock; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock; Tim Graham/Alamy; KeystoneUSA-Zuma/Rex Features; Latitude Stock - David Forman/Gallo Images/Getty Images; AP/AP/Press Association Images; MUNISH SHARMA/Reuters/Corbis; rangizzz/Shutterstock; ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; Attila JANDI/Shutterstock; Mutxamel/Wikipedia; Art Directors & TRIP/Alamy; Jeff Moore/Empics Entertainment; 2008 Rio Helmi/Getty Images; Yobidaba/Shutterstock; PiXXart/Shutterstock; kriszta/Shutterstock; all other photos by OUP

Text: We are grateful to Dr Kulbir S Thind for permission to reprint extracts from Guru Granth Sahib texts as published on www.srigranth.org, copyright © SriGranth.org. All rights reserved.

 
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Science

Activate 1 Science

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Checkpoint activity sheets: powerofforever/iStock

Interactive activities: Moose408/Bigstock

Worksheets: SCIEPRO/Science Photo Library

Illustrations by: Q2A Media, Phoenix Photosetting and Mark Walker.

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Activate 2 Science

View acknowledgements

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Interactive activities:

asterix0597/iStockphoto; ssuni/iStockphoto; whitemay/iStockphoto; ggprophoto / iStockphoto; wragg/iStockphoto; seraficus/iStockphoto; SuziMcGregor/iStockphoto; davidf / iStockphoto ; Andrew Lambert Photography/Science Photo Library; VvoeVale / iStockphoto; SondraP/iStockphoto; Beboy_ltd/iStockphoto; TFoxFoto/Shutterstock; mitifo/iStockphoto; Arsgera/iStockphoto

Worksheets:

CGinspiration / iStock; redmal / iStock; Marish / Shutterstock; OUP; BIOPHOTO; SOCIATES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; northlightimages / iStock; OUP; Hein Nouwens /  Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Elena Schweitzer / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; DR JEREMY BURGESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; IMPALASTOCK / iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; davidf / iStock; Martyn F. Chillmaid; OUP; m.bonotto / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; wasanajai / Shutterstock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; TREVOR CLIFFORD PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; danymages / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Clive Streeter / Getty; pfb1 / iStock; grafvision / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; slobo / iStock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; MR.SURAKIT HARNTONGKUL / iStock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Brian A Jackson / Shutterstock; OUP; AnglianArt / Shutterstock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; papillondream / Shutterstock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; Steve Gschmeissner / Science Photo Library; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Gustoimages / SPL; wragg / iStock; Arthur Glauberman / Science Photo Library; OUP; OUP; OUP; Mac99 / iStock; OUP; OUP; MATT MEADOWS, PETER ARNOLD INC. / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; DR JEREMY BURGESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; vvoe/ Shutterstock; NIGEL CATTLIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; OUP; NIGEL CATTLIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION, VISUALS UNLIMITED /SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; DR.JEREMY BURGESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; CNRI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; viafilms / iStock; OUP; Maridav / iStock; OUP; OUP; POWER AND SYRED/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; hemeroskopion / iStock; seraficus / iStock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Marish / Shutterstock; Tony Brindley / Shutterstock; OUP; Nikada / iStock; OUP; OUP; Steve Byland / Shutterstock; AMR Image / iStock; NNehring / iStock; OUP; outdoorsman / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Grimplet / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Skyak / iStock; OUP; OUP; Menno Schaefer / Shutterstock; 63095458 / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; ?; OUP; OUP; GP232 / iStock; OUP; GlobalP / iStock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Odua Images / Shutterstock; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; bluehand / Shutterstock; MICHAEL W. TWEEDIE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MICHAEL W. TWEEDIE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; denisk0 / iStock; OUP; OUP; pjmalsbury / iStock; OUP; OUP; JAMES KING-HOLMES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; SuziMcGregor / iStock; Yves Grau / iStock; Cathleen A Clapper / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; LyleGregg / iStock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; ANDREW  LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; slobo / iStock; Graffizone / Stock; OUP; OUP; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; CHARLES D. WINTERS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Valentyn Volkov / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; OUP; Tobiasjo / iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; lucato / iStock; OUP; tobiasjo / iStock; Foonia / Shutterstock; FernandoPodolski / iStock; OUP; Pgiam / iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; CHARLES D. WINTERS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; mevans / iStock; JulieVMac / iStock; EasyBuy4u / iStock; OUP; nsj-images / iStock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; jamesdvdsn / iStock; Zelenskaya / Shutterstock; OUP; nickpit / iStock ; OUP; DIRK WIERSMA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; VvoeVale / iStock; Kali Nine LLC / iStock; Turnervisual / iStock; OUP; OUP; marylooo / iStock; David Sucsy / iStock; Turnervisual / iStock; tattywelshie / iStock; sunara / iStock; MNI / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; PetePattavina / iStock; merlion / iStock; yogysic / iStock; OUP; OUP; small_frog / iStock; matsou / iStock; OUP; carbonmods.co.uk; ; OUP; OUP; Richard Griffin / Shutterstock; OUP; Tyler Boyes / Shutterstock; OUP; fikretozk / iStock; ericfoltz / iStock; OUP; Sisoje / iStock; OUP; nickpit / iStock; mountlynx / iStock; Yuttasak Jannarong / Shutterstock; Dirk Richter / iStock; mikeuk / iStock; Siim Sepp / Dreamstime; Terry J Alcorn / iStock; TomasSereda / iStock; Hannamariah / Shutterstock; grafikeray / iStock; kamisoka / iStock; The Old Yew Tree in the grounds of St Digain's Church, Llangernyw, Wales: www.walesdirectory.co.uk; OUP; OUP; OUP; THOMAS & PAT LEESON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; Anthony Berenyi / Shutterstock; OUP; Kali Nine LLC / iStock; OUP; OUP; SondraP / iStock; larsgustav / iStock; alanphillips / iStock; ; Suzifoo / iStock; HadelProductions / iStock; ScottNodine / iStock; OUP; 262276 / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; ala737 / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Danny Smythe / Shutterstock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Arcady / Shutterstock; OUP; Oliver Hoffmann / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Iakov Filimonov / Shutterstock; MARTIN BOND/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ?; tr3gi / iStock; TFoxFoto / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Volosina / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Ajan Alen / Shutterstock; CLS Design / Shutterstock; Levent Konuk / Shutterstock; EDWARD KINSMAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MEHAU KULYK & VICTOR DE SCHWANBERG/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; OUP; duncan1890 / iStock; OUP; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; NREL/US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; Lebazele / Getty; OUP; BlueRingMedia / Shutterstock; OUP; NOAO/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; Jason Hetherington / Getty; OUP; mitifo / iStock; OUP; OUP; OUP; Szasz-Fabian Ilka Erika / Shutterstock; Irina Belousa / iStockPhoto; Nikada / iStockPhoto; Tim Burrett / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Sheila Terry / SPL; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; kkgas / iStock; OUP; Peter Gudella / Shutterstock; EDWARD KINSMAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ColorChinaPhoto (CCP) / AP Images; MARTIN BOND/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Volosina / Shutterstock; GIPHOTOSTOCK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; Joe Gough / Shutterstock; OUP; Rita Kochmarjova / Shutterstock; OUP; TED KINSMAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Ispace / Shutterstock; Arsgera / iStock; DR KEN MACDONALD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; OUP; BIGCHEN / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; benedektibor / Shutterstock; OUP; OUP; Canadian Press (Photostream) / AP Images; Warren Goldswain / Shutterstock

Illustrations by:

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Activate 3 Science

View acknowledgements

Activate Kerboodle 3 Acknowledgements

 

The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

 

 

Interactive activities:

bubaone / iStock; pagadesign / iStock; Eraxion / iStock; nobeastsofierce / Shutterstock; ericsphotography / iStock; gutang / iStock; TEK IMAGE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; railelectropower / iStock; dlewis33 / iStock; nano / iStock; aefoto / iStock; Nicholas Rjabow / Shutterstock; wonderisland / Shutterstock; Zack Frank / Shutterstock; Jean-Michel Girard / Shutterstock; Martyn F. Chillmaid / Science Photo Library; Andrew Lambert Photography / Science Photo Library; STEVE GSCHMEISSNER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

 

Non-Interactives:

leezsnow / iStock; Gina Smith / Shutterstock; maxuser / Shutterstock

 

Practical and activity:

zmeel / iStock; Mauro Carli / Dreamstime; cobalt / iStock; Vizerskaya / iStock

 

Lesson Players:

luismmolina / iStockphoto; Polka Dot Images / OUP; Ingram / OUP; Arcady / Shutterstock; Photodisc / OUP; James King-Holmes / Science Photo Library; ksass / iStockphoto; Subbotina Anna / Shutterstock; Mafaldita / iStockphoto; Photodisc / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; Clark and Company / iStock; Mark Mason / OUP; Science Photo Library; bubaone / iStock; skynesher / iStockphoto; GlobalP / iStock; Photodisc / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; AndrewJohnson / iStockphoto; Creative Element Photos / OUP; Hein Nouwens / Shutterstock; Getty Images / Getty Images News / Getty Images; HelleM / Shutterstock; tomch / iStockphoto; Geoff Kidd / Science Photo Library; G.CIGOLINI / De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images; Philippe Plailly / Science Photo Library; Stockbyte / OUP; Martyn F. Chillmaid / Science Photo Library; Power And Syred / Science Photo Library; Ingram / OUP; Ingram / OUP; Scimat / Science Photo Library; RIA NOVOSTI / Science Photo Library; JoeGough / iStock; Gareth Boden / OUP; Ingram / OUP;  Oliver Hoffmann / Shutterstock; Photodisc / OUP; Elena Elisseeva / Shutterstock; Georgios Kollidas / Shutterstock; Eric Grave / Science Photo Library; Martin Diebel / OUP; St Mary's Hospital Medical School / Science Photo Library; Dr Kari Lounatmaa / Science Photo Library; Life In View / Science Photo Library; Dougberry / iStockphoto; Science Photo Library; Milos Luzanin / OUP; Hein Nouwens / Shutterstock; Photodisc / OUP; Science Photo Library; Redchanka / Shutterstock; National Library Of Medicine / Science Photo Library; Science Photo Library; greenicetea / iStock; gutang /iStockphoto; Natural History Museum, London / Science Photo Library; Photodisc / OUP; denisk0 / iStock; Francisco Martinez / OUP; Image Source / OUP; Fer Gregory / OUP; Brand X Pictures / Getty Images; RichLegg / iStockphoto; Science Photo Library; Corbis / OUP; Dorling Kindersley / Getty Images; Joe Belanger / Shutterstock; ABDesign / iStockphoto; Brand X Pictures / OUP; zmeel / iStockphoto; Photodisc / OUP; Thinkstock / OUP; TEK IMAGE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; RMAX / iStockphoto; Steve Gschmeissner / Science Photo Library; jimbycat / iStockphoto; rlindo71 / iStockphoto; mariusFM77 / iStockphoto; Digital Vision / OUP; Imagebroker / OUP; zokara / iStockphoto; zmeel / iStockphoto; duncan1890 / iStock; AMI Images / Science Photo Library; David Mccarthy / Science Photo Library; Photodisc / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; Andris Torms / Shutterstock; Tyler Boyes / Shutterstock; labsas / iStockphoto; Eye Of Science / Science Photo Library; Chuan / iStock; BanksPhotos / iStockphoto; Dr P. Marazzi / Science Photo Library; Corbis / OUP; Royal Institution Of Great Britain / Science Photo Library; MarkSwallow / iStockphoto; ssuaphoto / iStockphoto; dra_schwartz / iStockphoto; Luminis / OUP; Corbis / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; Corbis / OUP; PeterAustin / iStockphoto; Robert Timoney / Alamy; Martin Bond / Science Photo Library; Clive Streeter / Dorling Kindersley / Getty Images; StockThings / Shutterstock; Leena Robinson / Shutterstock; Astrid & Hanns-Frieder Michler / Science Photo Library; davidf / iStockphoto; Cultura / OUP; Blend Images / OUP; dlewis33 / iStock; FauxCaster / iStockphoto; Science Photo Library; c.byatt-norman / Shutterstock; Photodisc / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; Dorling Kindersley / Getty Images; Photodisc / OUP; Thinkstock / OUP; Thinkstock / OUP; Thinkstock / OUP; Thinkstock / OUP; Ingram / OUP; Tetra Images / OUP; tovovan / Shutterstock; nano / iStock; Snowleopard1 / iStock; Corbis / OUP; John Reader / Science Photo Library; Photodisc / OUP; Shutterstock / OUP; Imagebroker/ OUP; Eric Gevaert / OUP; holgs / iStockphoto; Dr. Xijun NI; Dr. Xijun NI; Ria Novosti / Science Photo Library; Andrew Brookes / OUP; Photodisc / OUP

Johan Larson / Shutterstock; Jiri Slama / Shutterstock; Coprid / Shutterstock; Sailorr / Shutterstock; Photodisc / OUP; powerofforever / iStock; Volker Steger / Science Photo Library; L. Clarke / OUP; Mauro Carli / Shutterstock; DRW-Artworks / iStock; graja / Shutterstock; Photogalia / iStockphoto; PelageyaKlubnikina / iStockphoto; studiovd1 / iStockphoto; Rich Legg / iStockphoto; csreed / iStockphoto; aefoto / iStock; zmeel / iStockphoto; Masterfile / iStock; Nicholas Rjabow / Shutterstock; wonderisland / Shutterstock; Zack Frank / Shutterstock; Gareth Boden / OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc. / OUP; Peter Viney / OUP; Alberto Masnovo / Shutterstock; Jiri Hera / Shutterstock; ilian studio / OUP; Image Source / OUP; AJ photo / hop. Americain / Science Photo Library; Dominic Burke / OUP; Corbis / OUP; Corel / OUP; Arno Massee / Science Photo Library; JuliusKielaitis / Shutterstock; Pedro Ugarte / AFP / Getty Images; Flickr / OUP; Jesus Keller / Shutterstock; Amana Images Inc. / OUP; Stocktrek Images / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; Yuttasak Jannarong / Shutterstock; Sheila Terry / Science Photo Library; NASA / OUP; karl anthony / Shutterstock; Stocktrek Images / OUP; Fancy / OUP; Mark Garlick / Science Photo Library; Stocktrek / Photodisc / Getty Images; Ingram / OUP; Photodisc / OUP; PhotoAlto / OUP; FamVeld / Shutterstock; Martyn F. Chillmaid / Science Photo Library; Kaspri / Shutterstock; UpperCut / OUP; Lack-O'Keen / Shutterstock; Photodisc / OUP; British Library / Science Photo Library; Awe Inspiring Images / Shutterstock; Leks052 / Shutterstock; Image Source / OUP; Fuse / OUP; Fuse / Getty Images; MaraZe / Shutterstock; NASA / Science Photo Library; Corbis / OUP; funkyfrogstock / Shutterstock; Stockbyte / OUP; Shutterstock / OUP; Alias Ching / Shutterstock; David Parker / Science Photo Library; NASA / Science Photo Library; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc / OUP; Ted Kinsman / Science Photo Library; marc Arundale / OUP; Mike Taylor / Shutterstock; DmitriMaruta / Shutterstock; Imagezoo / OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc / OUP; Adam Hart-Davis / Science Photo Library; Galina Barskaya / Shutterstock; Designua / Shutterstock; Thomas Mccauley, Lucas Taylor / Cern / Science Photo Library

 

Illustrations by:

 

Q2A Media, Phoenix Photosetting and Mark Walker.

 

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

 

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

 

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Activate Biology

View acknowledgements

Biology Kerboodle Acknowledgements

Activate 1

prill/iStock; kyoshino/iStock; shulz/iStock; erierika/iStock; 33karen33/iStock; gchutka/iStock; SCIEPRO/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; lisafx/iStock

Activate 2

asterix0597/iStock; ssuni/iStock; Linda Steward/iStock; ggprophoto/iStock; wragg/iStock; seraficus/iStock; SuziMcGregor/iStock; Elena Schweitzer/Shutterstock; Steve Gschmeissner/Science Photo Library; D. Hurst/OUP; BIOPHOTO ASSOCIATES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Polka Dot Images/OUP; northlightimages/iStock; Corbis/OUP; Hein Nouwens/Shutterstock; Martin Diebel/OUP; Corey Ford/OUP; Elena Schweitzer/Shutterstock; WoodyStock/OUP; Amana Images Inc./OUP; DR JEREMY BURGESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; IMPALASTOCK/iStock; Corbis/OUP; Design Pics/OUP; NASA/OUP; Image Source/OUP; MR.SURAKIT HARNTONGKUL/iStock; Foodcollection/OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc./OUP; Ingram/OUP; Martin Wierink/OUP; Brian A Jackson/Shutterstock; Martin Wierink/OUP; AnglianArt/Shutterstock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Judith Collins/OUP; papillondream/Shutterstock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Mark Bassett/OUP; Steve Gschmeissner/Science Photo Library; Leonid Nyshko/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Mark Mason/OUP; Kevin Britland/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Gustoimages/SPL; wragg/iStock; Arthur Glauberman/Science Photo Library; Photodisc/OUP; DBURKE/OUP; iQoncept/OUP; Mac99/iStock; Ocean/OUP; Martin Diebel/OUP; MATT MEADOWS, PETER ARNOLD INC./SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MBI/OUP; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; Corbis/OUP; DR JEREMY BURGESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Somos/OUP; vvoe/Shutterstock; NIGEL CATTLIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Corbis/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; NIGEL CATTLIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION, VISUALS UNLIMITED/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; DR.JEREMY BURGESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; CNRI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Wavebreak Media Ltd/OUP; BananaStock/OUP; viafilms/iStock; Fotosearch/OUP; Maridav/iStock; Stockbyte/OUP; Ingram/OUP; POWER AND SYRED/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; hemeroskopion/iStock; seraficus/iStock; Photodisc/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Stockbroker/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Marish/Shutterstock; Tony Brindley/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Nikada/iStock; Design Pics/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Steve Byland/Shutterstock; AMR Image/iStock; NNehring/iStock; Radius Images/OUP; outdoorsman/Shutterstock; Digital Vision/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Grimplet/Shutterstock; Dave Marsden/OUP; Digital Vision/OUP; Skyak/iStock; Corbis/Digital Stock/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Menno Schaefer/Shutterstock; 63095458/Shutterstock; Shutterstock/OUP; Mikhail Kokhanchikov/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; Bruce Corbett/OUP; GP232/iStock; Corbis/OUP; GlobalP/iStock; Corbis/Digital Stock/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; David Cook/ www.blueshiftstudios.co.uk/OUP; Corbis/OUP; The Agency Collection/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; John Kershaw/OUP; Odua Images/Shutterstock; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; Oleksiy Mark/OUP; Mark Mason/OUP; D. Hurst/OUP; Judith Collins/OUP; Gareth Boden/OUP; Ingram/OUP; bluehand/Shutterstock; MICHAEL W. TWEEDIE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MICHAEL W. TWEEDIE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; denisk0/iStock; Flickr/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; pjmalsbury/iStock; Shutterstock/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; JAMES KING-HOLMES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; SuziMcGregor/iStock; Yves Grau/iStock; Cathleen A Clapper/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP

pfb1/iStock; grafvision/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP

CGinspiration/iStock; redmal/iStock; Marish/Shutterstock; Photographers Choice/OUP

Activate 3

bubaone/iStock; pagadesign/iStock; Eraxion/iStock; nobeastsofierce/Shutterstock; ericsphotography/iStock; gutang/iStock; TEK IMAGE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; leezsnow/iStock; STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; luismmolina/iStockphoto; Polka Dot Images/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Arcady/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; James King-Holmes/Science Photo Library; ksass/iStockphoto; Subbotina Anna/Shutterstock; hemeroskopion/iStock; Mafaldita/iStockphoto; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Clark and Company/iStock; Mark Mason/OUP; Science Photo Library; bubaone/iStock; skynesher/iStockphoto; GlobalP/iStock; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; AndrewJohnson/iStockphoto; Creative Element Photos/OUP; Hein Nouwens/Shutterstock; Getty Images/Getty Images News/Getty Images; HelleM/Shutterstock; tomch/iStockphoto; Geoff Kidd/Science Photo Library; G.CIGOLINI/De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Images; Philippe Plailly/Science Photo Library; Stockbyte/OUP; Martyn F. Chillmaid/Science Photo Library; Power And Syred/Science Photo Library; Ingram/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Scimat/Science Photo Library; RIA NOVOSTI/Science Photo Library; JoeGough/iStock; Gareth Boden/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Oliver Hoffmann/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock; Georgios Kollidas/Shutterstock; Eric Grave/Science Photo Library; Martin Diebel/OUP; St Mary's Hospital Medical School/Science Photo Library; Dr Kari Lounatmaa/Science Photo Library; Life In View/Science Photo Library; Dougberry/iStockphoto; Science Photo Library; Milos Luzanin/OUP; Hein Nouwens/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Science Photo Library; Redchanka/Shutterstock; National Library Of Medicine/Science Photo Library; Science Photo Library; greenicetea/iStock; gutang/iStockphoto; Natural History Museum, London/Science Photo Library; Photodisc/OUP; denisk0/iStock; Francisco Martinez/OUP; Image Source/OUP; Fer Gregory/OUP; Brand X Pictures/Getty Images; RichLegg/iStockphoto; Science Photo Library; Corbis/OUP; Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images; Joe Belanger/Shutterstock; ABDesign/iStockphoto; Brand X Pictures/OUP; zmeel/iStockphoto; Photodisc/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; TEK IMAGE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; RMAX/iStockphoto; Steve Gschmeissner/Science Photo Library; jimbycat/iStockphoto; rlindo71/iStockphoto; mariusFM77/iStockphoto; Digital Vision/OUP; Imagebroker/OUP; zokara/iStockphoto; zmeel/iStockphoto; duncan1890/iStock; AMI Images/Science Photo Library

Marish/Shutterstock

Activate Chemistry

View acknowledgements

Chemistry Kerboodle Acknowledgements

 

Activate 1

powerofforever/iStock; Moose408/BigStock; mevans/iStock; PaulPaladin/iStock; julichka/iStock; Science Photo Library; real444/iStock; JoeGough/iStock; Fyletto/iStock; ManuelVelasco/iStock; AnikaSalsera/iStock; NoDerog/iStock; sbrogan/iStock; Christopher Elwell/Shutterstock

Activate 2

davidf/iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; VvoeVale/iStock; SondraP/iStock; Beboy_ltd/iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; davidf/iStock; Martyn F. Chillmaid; m.bonotto/Shutterstock; Viktor Fischer/OUP; Sergey Goruppa/OUP; wasanajai/Shutterstock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Westend61/OUP; TREVOR CLIFFORD PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; danymages/Shutterstock; Tetra Images/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Radius Images/OUP;  MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; slobo/iStock; Neil Overy/OUP; Dorling Kindersley/OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc/OUP; Mark Sykes/OUP; SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; LyleGregg/iStock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Dorling Kindersley/OUP; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; slobo/iStock; Graffizone/iStock; Design Pics/OUP; Martin Diebel/OUP; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Corbis/OUP; CHARLES D. WINTERS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Mark Mason/OUP; Crepesoles/OUP; OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Valentyn Volkov/Shutterstock; Corbis/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Stockbyte/OUP; Tobiasjo/iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; lucato/iStock; Corbis/OUP; tobiasjo/iStock; Foonia/Shutterstock; FernandoPodolski/iStock; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc/OUP; Pgiam/iStock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; CHARLES D. WINTERS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; mevans/iStock; JulieVMac/iStock; EasyBuy4u/iStock; Gareth Boden/OUP; nsj-images/iStock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; jamesdvdsn/iStock; Zelenskaya/Shutterstock; Corbis/OUP; nickpit/iStock; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc./OUP; DIRK WIERSMA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; VvoeVale/iStock; Kali Nine LLC/iStock; Turnervisual/iStock; Photodisc/OUP; Stockbyte/OUP; marylooo/iStock; David Sucsy/iStock; Turnervisual/iStock; tattywelshie/iStock; sunara/iStock; MNI/Shutterstock; Corbis/OUP; Fuse/OUP; PetePattavina/iStock; merlion/iStock; yogysic/iStock; Creative Crop/OUP; altug/OUP; small_frog/iStock; matsou/iStock; Andrii Mykhailov/OUP; carbonmods.co.uk; Photographers Choice/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Richard Griffin/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Tyler Boyes/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; fikretozk/iStock; ericfoltz/iStock;Photodisc/OUP; Sisoje/iStock; Digital Vision/OUP; nickpit/iStock; mountlynx/iStock; Yuttasak Jannarong/Shutterstock; Dirk Richter/iStock; mikeuk/iStock; Siim Sepp/Dreamstime; Terry J Alcorn/iStock; TomasSereda/iStock; Hannamariah/Shutterstock; grafikeray/iStock; kamisoka/iStock; The Old Yew Tree in the grounds of St Digain's Church, Llangernyw, Wales; www.walesdirectory.co.uk; mike stone/OUP; Moodboard/OUP; Digital Vision/OUP; THOMAS & PAT LEESON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photographers Choice/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Anthony Berenyi/Shutterstock; Klaus Tiedge/OUP; Kali Nine LLC/iStock; Corbis/OUP; Image Source/OUP; SondraP/iStock; larsgustav/iStock; alanphillips/iStock; Suzifoo/iStock; HadelProductions/iStock; ScottNodine/iStock

Corbis/OUP; NASA/OUP

CGinspiration/iStock; redmal/iStock; Marish/Shutterstock; Photographers Choice/OUP

Activate 3

zmeel/iStock; Mauro Carli/Dreamstime; cobalt/iStock; Vizerskaya/iStock; railelectropower/iStock; dlewis33/iStock; nano/iStock; aefoto/iStock; Jean-Michel Girard/Shutterstock; maxuser/Shutterstock; David Mccarthy/Science Photo Library; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Andris Torms/Shutterstock; Tyler Boyes/Shutterstock; labsas/iStockphoto; Eye Of Science/Science Photo Library; Chuan/iStock; BanksPhotos/iStockphoto; Dr P. Marazzi /Science Photo Library; Corbis/OUP; Royal Institution Of Great Britain/Science Photo Library; MarkSwallow/iStockphoto; ssuaphoto/iStockphoto; dra_schwartz/iStockphoto; Luminis/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Corbis/OUP; PeterAustin/iStockphoto; Robert Timoney/Alamy; Martin Bond/Science Photo Library; Clive Streeter/Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images; StockThings/Shutterstock; Leena Robinson/Shutterstock; Astrid & Hanns-Frieder Michler/Science Photo Library; davidf/iStockphoto; Cultura/OUP; Blend Images/OUP; dlewis33/iStock; FauxCaster/iStockphoto; Science Photo Library; c.byatt-norman/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images; Photodisc/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Tetra Images/OUP; tovovan/Shutterstock; nano/iStock; Snowleopard1/iStock; Corbis/OUP; John Reader/Science Photo Library; Photodisc/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Imagebroker/OUP; Eric Gevaert/OUP; holgs/iStockphoto; Dr. Xijun NI; Dr. Xijun NI; Ria Novosti/Science Photo Library; Andrew Brookes/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Johan Larson/Shutterstock; Jiri Slama/Shutterstock; Coprid/Shutterstock; Sailorr/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; powerofforever/iStock; Volker Steger/Science Photo Library; L. Clarke/OUP; Mauro Carli/Shutterstock; DRW-Artworks/iStock; graja/Shutterstock; Photogalia/iStockphoto; PelageyaKlubnikina/iStockphoto; studiovd1/iStockphoto; Rich Legg/iStockphoto; csreed/iStockphoto; aefoto/iStock; zmeel/iStockphoto; Masterfile/iStock; Nicholas Rjabow/Shutterstock; wonderisland/Shutterstock; Zack Frank/Shutterstock; MARTYN F. CHILLMAID/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Martin Diebel/OUP; danymages/Shutterstock; Szasz-Fabian Ilka Erika/Shutterstock; DBURKE/OUP; m.bonotto/Shutterstock; HadelProductions/iStock; alanphillips/iStock; Corbis/OUP; mevans/iStock; Viktor Fischer/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Damian Palus/iStock; Martin Diebel/OUP

Arcady/Shutterstock

Marish/Shutterstock

Activate Physics

View acknowledgements

Physics Kerboodle Acknowledgements

Activate 1

momcilog/iStock; naphtalina/iStock; Aaron Rutten/Shutterstock; mato/Shutterstock

Activate 2

TFoxFoto/Shutterstock; mitifo/iStock; Arsgera/iStock; Clive Streeter/Getty; pfb1/iStock; grafvision/Shutterstock; D. Hurst/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Ingram/OUP; Mark Mason/OUP; Corbis/OUP; 262276/Shutterstock; CHARLES D. WINTERS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc/OUP; ala737/Shutterstock; Fuse/OUP; TEK IMAGE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; ilian studio/OUP; Stockbyte/OUP; Stockbyte/OUP; Mark Baigent/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Image Source/OUP; Imagestopshop/OUP; Danny Smythe/Shutterstock; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Arcady/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Oliver Hoffmann/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Piotr Pawinski/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Iakov Filimonov/Shutterstock; MARTIN BOND/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; mevans/iStock; tr3gi/iStock; TFoxFoto/Shutterstock; romakoma/Shutterstock; Erik Simonsen/Getty; Pincasso/Shutterstock; Volosina/Shutterstock; Tetra Images/OUP; Asia Images/OUP; Ajan Alen/Shutterstock; CLS Design/Shutterstock; Levent Konuk/Shutterstock; EDWARD KINSMAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; MEHAU KULYK & VICTOR DE SCHWANBERG/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Corbis/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; duncan1890/iStock; Radius Images/OUP; ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Corbis/OUP; Corbis/Digital Stock/OUP; NREL/US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Photodisc/OUP; Paul Bricknell/OUP; Lebazele/Getty; Stockbyte/OUP; BlueRingMedia/Shutterstock; mike stone/OUP; NOAO/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; altrendo images/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Jason Hetherington/Getty; Mikael Damkier/OUP; mitifo/iStock; Photodisc/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Photographers Choice/OUP; Szasz-Fabian Ilka Erika/Shutterstock; Irina Belousa/iStockPhoto; Nikada/iStockPhoto; Tim Burrett/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; Justin Kase/OUP; Sheila Terry/SPL; Photodisc/OUP; Stockbyte/OUP; Robert Michael/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; kkgas/iStock; Phil Degginger/OUP; Peter Gudella/Shutterstock; EDWARD KINSMAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ColorChinaPhoto (CCP)/AP Images; MARTIN BOND/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Volosina/Shutterstock; GIPHOTOSTOCK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Digital Vision/OUP; Moodboard/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Digital Vision/OUP; Joe Gough/Shutterstock; Jane White/OUP; Rita Kochmarjova/Shutterstock; Comstock/OUP; TED KINSMAN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Ispace/Shutterstock; Arsgera/iStock; DR KEN MACDONALD/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; Design Pics/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Tetra Images/OUP; Thinkstock/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Image Source/OUP; Ellen McKnight/OUP; BIGCHEN/Shutterstock; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc/OUP; Melba Photo Agency/OUP; benedektibor/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; MIXA/OUP; Canadian Press (Photostream)/AP Images; Warren Goldswain/Shutterstock

Westend61/OUP; danymages/Shutterstock; Radius Images/OUP; slobo/iStock

CGinspiration/iStock; redmal/iStock; Marish/Shutterstock; Photographers Choice/OUP

Activate 3

Nicholas Rjabow/Shutterstock; wonderisland/Shutterstock; Zack Frank/Shutterstock; Martyn F. Chillmaid/Science Photo Library; Andrew Lambery Photography/Science Photo Library; Gina Smith/Shutterstock; Gareth Boden/OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc./OUP; Peter Viney/OUP; Alberto Masnovo/Shutterstock; Jiri Hera/Shutterstock; ilian studio/OUP; Image Source/OUP; AJ photo/hop. Americain/Science Photo Library; Dominic Burke/OUP; Corbis/OUP; Corel/OUP; Arno Massee/Science Photo Library; JuliusKielaitis/Shutterstock; Pedro Ugarte/AFP/Getty Images; SJ. Kim/Flickr/OUP; Jesus Keller/Shutterstock; Amana Images Inc./OUP; Stocktrek Images/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; Yuttasak Jannarong/Shutterstock; Sheila Terry/Science Photo Library; NASA/OUP; karl Anthony/OUP; Stocktrek Images/OUP; Fancy/OUP; Mark Garlick/Science Photo Library; Stocktrek/Photodisc/Getty Images; Ingram/OUP; Photodisc/OUP; PhotoAlto/OUP; FamVeld/Shutterstock; Martyn F. Chillmaid/Science Photo Library; Kaspri/Shutterstock; UpperCut/OUP; Lack-O'Keen/Shutterstock; Photodisc/OUP; British Library/Science Photo Library; Awe Inspiring Images/Shutterstock; Leks052/OUP; Image Source/OUP; Fuse/OUP; Tomislav Pinter/Shutterstock; MaraZe/Shutterstock; NASA/Science Photo Library; Corbis/OUP; funkyfrogstock/OUP; Stockbyte/OUP; Shutterstock/OUP; Alias Ching/Shutterstock; David Parker/Science Photo Library; NASA/Science Photo Library; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc./OUP; Ted Kinsman/Science Photo Library; marc Arundale/OUP; Mike Taylor/Shutterstock; DmitriMaruta/Shutterstock; Imagezoo/OUP; Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc./OUP; Adam Hart-Davis/Science Photo Library; Galina Barskaya/Shutterstock; Designua/Shutterstock; Thomas Mccauley, Lucas Taylor/Cern/Science Photo Library

Marish/Shutterstock

A Level Sciences for AQA

View acknowledgements

Biology

AUTHORS

Amani Leslie

James Penny

Linda Turner

Mark Matthews

Michael Smyth

Simon Broadley

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media

GreenGate Publishing Services

Tech-Set Ltd, Gateshead

PHOTOS

PR. G GIMENEZ-MARTIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Ed Reschke/Photolibrary/Getty images

PR. G GIMENEZ-MARTIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Microfield Scientific Ltd/Science photo library

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Chemistry

AUTHORS

Adelene Cogill

Catherine Smith

Darren Grover

David Boyden, of St Chad's Catholic and Church of England High School, Runcorn

David Goodfellow

Emma Poole

Janice Perkins

Mary Barber and Greenhead College, Huddersfield

Sarah Carter

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media

Six Red Marbles

GreenGate Publishing Services

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright materials: AQA for exam questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students/ Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Physics

AUTHORS

Andrew Harmsworth

Carol Tear

Catherine Jones

Darren Forbes

Janet Custard

Michael Priest

Sunita Bremner

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media

Wearset Ltd, Peter Bull Art Studio, HL Studios, Mike Hall

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Six Red Marbles

Tech-Set Ltd, Gateshead

PHOTOS

LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

© Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS

© Corbis

Copyright: Goronwy Tudor Jones, University of Birmingham / Science Photo Library

CERN copyright

NASA copyright

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A Level Sciences for OCR A

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Biology

AUTHORS

James Penny

Kayan Parker

Louise Garcia

Mark Matthews

Simon Broadley

Simon Ditchfield

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media

GreenGate Publishing Services

Tech-Set Ltd, Gateshead

PHOTOS

PR. G GIMENEZ-MARTIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

CLAUDE NURIDSANY & MARIE PERENNOU/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

DR KEITH WHEELER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

BIOPHOTO ASSOCIATES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Copyright: D. Kucharski K. Kucharska

Credit: M I WALKER

Copyright: Marioner

Credit: DR KARI LOUNATMAA

Credit: Keith R Porter

Dartmouth College Electron Microscope Facility

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students/ Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Chemistry

AUTHORS

Adelene Cogill

Catherine Smith

Darren Grover

David Boyden, of St Chad's Catholic and Church of England High School, Runcorn

David Goodfellow

Julie Bannister

Mary Barber and Greenhead College, Huddersfield

Sarah Carter

Steve Unsworth

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media

Six Red Marbles

GreenGate Publishing Services

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The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students/ Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Physics

AUTHORS

Carol Tear

Catherine Jones

Darren Forbes

Derrick Ward

Janet Custard

Julian Hamm

Will Stark

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media

Wearset Ltd, Peter Bull Art Studio, HL Studios, Mike Hall

GreenGate Publishing Services

Six Red Marbles

Tech-Set Ltd, Gateshead

PHOTOS

© ESA/ATG medialab

NASA copyright

CERN copyright

© Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS

© Corbis

© Philip Harris (www.philipharris.co.uk)

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A Level Sciences for OCR B

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Biology

Authors

Ellena Bale

Michael Smyth

James Penny

Kayan Parker

Mark Matthews

Simon Broadley

Simon Ditchfield

Illustrations

Q2A Media

GreenGate Publishing Services

Tech-Set Ltd, Gateshead

Photos

PR. G GIMENEZ-MARTIN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

CLAUDE NURIDSANY & MARIE PERENNOU/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

DR KEITH WHEELER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

BIOPHOTO ASSOCIATES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Copyright:  D. Kucharski K. Kucharska

Credit: M I WALKER

Copyright:  Marioner

Credit:  DR KARI LOUNATMAA

Credit: Keith R Porter

Dartmouth College Electron Microscope Facility

Creative Commons Licence 4.0

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students/ Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Chemistry

Authors

University of York Science Education Group

Project director: Chris Otter

Authors: Derek Denby, Emily Perry, Frank Harriss, Dave Waistnidge, Lesley Johnston, Mark Gale, Dave Newton

We are grateful for sponsorship from the Salters’ Institute, which has contributed to support the Salters Advanced Chemistry project and has enabled the development of these materials.

Illustrations

QBS Media

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access the. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Physics

Authors

Helen Reynolds

Laurie Mansfield

Rob Simm

Rob Shuttleworth

Yvonne West

Photos

NASA

British National Space Centre

Dr Chris Hardy and Dr Claire Davis, University of Birmingham

Cyril Gorham, Trent Polytechnic, Nottingham

© Peter Titmuss / Alamy

Illustrations

QBS Media

AQA Activate

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Interactive screens: Evgeny Karandaev/Shutterstock, Polina Ryazantseva/123rf, Preto Perola/Shutterstock, manuel velasco/iStock, AnikaSalsera/iStock, NoDerog/iStock, sbrogan/iStock, Moose408 / BigStock

WebQuests: NASA, CountryStyle Photography/iStock, ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY, 33karen33/iStock, Andreas Herpens/iStock, Oxford University Press ANZ / Brent Parker Jones Food Photographer, Shutterstock / a40757, Shutterstock, Monkey Business Images / Shutterstock

Progress quizzes: Sebastian Kaulitzki / Shutterstock

Checkpoint assessments: joannawnuk / Shutterstock

KS2 quizzes: valterdias/iStockphoto, EasyBuy4u/iStockphoto, sailfasterman/iStockphoto, Tommounsey/iStockphoto, Zubtsov/shutterstock, Triff/shutterstock, Svetoslav Iliev/shutterstock, IZO/shutterstock

Practicals and Activities: Martin Fowler / Shutterstock, Steve McWilliam / Shutterstock, Maslov Dmitry / Shutterstock, Thaiview / Shutterstock

Illustrations by: Q2A Media, Phoenix Photosetting, and Mark Walker.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this have not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, website may have been removed or web addresses changes since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teacher should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

AQA Biology for A Level

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Corbis/Dennis and Image Source / www.imagesource.com

How Science Works: Eric Delmar © / iStockphoto.com; © Gloabla amphibian assessment; © 2009 iStockphoto LP/ iStockphoto.com; Steve Mcsweeny © / iStockphoto.com. LOOK PHOTO © Fotolia.com; Nicholas Rjabow ©/ iStockphoto.com; © Prof. T Blundell & D. Burke/Wellcome Images;  pressmaster ©/ Fotolia.com; Matej Michelizza ©/ iStockphoto.com; © BSIP ROUX/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; ©2009 iStockphoto LP/ iStockphoto.com;  L. Shat ©/ Fotolia.com; MEHAU KULYK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY. EcoView ©/ Fotolia.com; © 2009 iStockphoto LP/ iStockphoto.com; Cynthia Baldauf © / iStockphoto.com; Science Photo Library/Mauro Fermariello; Science Photo Library/CNRI; Science Photo Library/Alfred Pasieka.

Webquests: © 2009 iStockphoto LP/ iStockphoto.com; Bruce MacQueen © / iStockphoto.com. Ljupco Smokovski ©/ Fotolia.com; © International Rice Research Institute.

Maths Skills: © Fabrizio Zanier copyright/ Fotolia.com; clearviewstock ©/ Fotolia.com; Paul Hampton ©/ Fotolia.com; jedi-master ©/ Fotolia.com; Carabay ©/ Fotolia.com; Grégory Delattre ©/ Fotolia.com; .shock ©/ Fotolia.com; adisa ©/ Fotolia.com; Sebastian Kaulitzki ©/ Fotolia.com; Fabrizio Zanier ©/ Fotolia.com; Silverpics ©/ Fotolia.com;

Illustrations by: Interactive Media Works, IMW (UK) Ltd.

OUP wishes to thank Jill Bailey, Paul Connell, Geoff Jones, Ruth Miller, Kayan Parker, Nick Paul, Ray Skwierczynski, Reuben Thorley, Alison Tolley, Linda Turner, Anna Wallace  and Neil Wells, Tom Dick & Debbie Productions, Wayne Forester and David Howells, Ray Skwierczynski, Caroline Chambers and colleagues at AQA.

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for past-paper exam-style questions.

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

AQA Chemistry for A Level

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Brand X pictures/ www.jupiterimages.com; Photolibrary; Fitz Haber

WebQuests: Bobak Ha'Eri; Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change/Cambridge University Press; http://flickr.com/photos/sujatha fan/ 498710967; Trinecké železárny/ Wikimedia Commons.

How Science Works : Mariordo Mario Roberto Duran Ortiz/Wikimedia Commons.

Maths Skills:  Fotolia; istock; . http://www.pinterest.com/alrodhan/articles-by-nayef-al-rodhan

Animation: Science Photo Library

Illustrations by: Greengate Publishing Services ( http://www.ggate.co.uk/)

OUP wishes to thank John Atkinson, Adelene Cogill, Samantha Holyman, Damian Murphy, Janice Perkins, Chris Prescott, Tom Spicer, Mick Thompson and Tamsyn Wilson, Hart McLeod Limited ( http://hartmcleod.co.uk/), Hurix Systems Pvt Ltd ( http://www.hurix.com/), Magic Software Pvt Ltd ( http://www.magicsw.com/) and Giunti Labs ( http://www.giuntilabs.com/), Cordial AV ( http://www.cordialav.co.uk/) and Tim Goodwright

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: To AQA for Exam questions

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

AQA Physics for A Level

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Image Source / www.imagesource.com.Hehe

Webquests: CERN copyright; Goronwy Tudor Jones, University of Birmingham/Science Photo Library; Kasuga Huang/Wikimedia Commons; The Dynasty Electric Car Corporation/Wikimedia; Wiarthurhu/Wikimedia Commons; Hustvedt/ Wikimedia Commons; Giusto Sustermans; Godfrey Kneller; Angel Herrero de Frutos/iStockphoto.com and Wibofoto/iStockphoto.com; Jose Luis Gutierrez/ iStockphoto.com; Milan Klusacek/iStockphoto.com; Andrey Volodin/ iStockphoto.com; Andrzej Tokarski/Fotolia.com; Angel Herrero de Frutos/ iStockphoto; Haags Historisch Museum, The Hague, Holland; Robert Lerich/ Fotolia.com; Viesturs Kalvans copyright/ Fotolia.com; FotoliaII copyright/ Fotolia.com; cristimatei copyright/ Fotolia.com; The International Astronomical Union/Martin Kornmesser; Holger Mette copyright/ Fotolia.com; 2009 iStockphoto LP/ iStockphoto.com; Philippe Psaila copyright/ Science Photo Library; Robert Boyle, copyright Science Photo Library; Steve Cole copyright / iStockphoto.com; Michael Powers copyright / iStockphoto.com; Demet Celikkaya copyright/ iStockphoto.com; Isabelle Limbach copyright / iStockphoto.com; Timothy Large copyright / iStockphoto.com; Hermann Minkowski, copyright Science Photo Library; C. Song, National Center of Electron Microscopy, USA.

Maths Skills: Key909 copyright/ Fotolia.com; Sergey Ivanov copyright/ Fotolia.com; Tommroch copyright/ Fotolia.com; Kim Warden copyright/ Fotolia.com; Gethin Lane copyright / iStockphoto.com; Maths skills Capacitors Gethin Lane copyright / iStockphoto.com; Michael Faraday, Sheila Terry copyright/ Science Photo Library; Julien Rousset copyright/ Fotolia.com; drx copyright/ Fotolia.com; Jeremy Wee copyright / iStockphoto.com; Tony Tremblay copyright / iStockphoto.com.

Animations/Simulations: Philip Harris Ltd (http:// www.philipharris.co.uk/); Bettmann/CORBIS. Mary DeWeese/iStockphoto.com; LisaValder/iStockphoto.com; Jenny/Fotolia.com; samdiesel/iStockphoto.com; zoom-zoom/iStockphoto.com; Wibofoto/iStockphoto.com; CaraMaria/iStockphoto.com; Walter Fendt (http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/) and Edward Zobel (http:// id.mind.net/~zona/); Andrew Robinson/iStockphoto.com.

Illustrations by: Greengate Publishing Services ( http://www.ggate.co.uk/); Interactive Media Works, IMW (UK) Ltd.

OUP wishes to thank John Avison, Gerry Blake, Jim Breithaupt, Ian Holt, Graham Jones, Ian Moth, Alan Philpotts, Tom Spicer and Caroline Reynolds, Wearset Publishing Services ( http://www.wearset.co.uk/), Ashwell Enterprises ( ros.davies@btinternet.com), Hurix Systems Pvt Ltd ( http://www.hurix.com/), Magic Software Pvt Ltd ( http://www.magicsw.com/) and Giunti Labs ( http://www.giuntilabs.com/), Cordial AV ( http://www.cordialav.co.uk/), Tim Goodwright ( timgoodwright@blueyonder.co.uk); Interactive Media Works, IMW (UK) Ltd; Wayne Forester ( wayneforester@blueyonder.co.uk)

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: AQA for exam questions

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

AQA GCSE Science Online Homework

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BTEC First in Applied Science

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Maths Skills: iStock / © Matej Michelizza; iStock / © Pgiam

Animations/Videos: Thomas Feldmann © iStock, Car, Mirko Pernjakovic © iStock, pokey music, Erika Gonzalez © iStock, Clank, Sergio Schnitzler © iStock; Andrew Howe © iStock; Jacom Stephens © iStock; © Joggie Botma; Drazen Vukelic © iStock; Roal Smart © iStock; Nick Free © iStock; Robert Robinson © iStock; rmdentertainment © iStock; ToneDephMedia © iStock; Adrian Beesley © iStock; Bob Haslam © iStock. Fotolia © HIRLESTEANU DUMITRU; Fotolia, © circotasu; Science Photo Library; K001/1992; © FLIX PRODUCTIONS MEDICAL ANIMATION/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY; iStock © David Hughes.

Illustrations by:  David Russell Illustration

OUP wishes to thank Adelene Cogill, Kevin Lancaster, Jo Locke, Neil Wells, Mike Tingle, Rob Butler, Andy Darvill and John Mallott, Chris Brown, Cathryn Mellor, Andy Turvey, Amy Green, TwoFour Studios, Concerca Ltd and colleagues at Edexcel

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material:

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Complete Science for Cambridge IGCSE®

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

OCR Gateway GCSE Sciences (9–1)

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AUTHORS

Adelene Cogill

Catherine Jones

Emma Poole

ILLUSTRATIONS

Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd

PHOTOS

Although we have made every effort to trace and contact all copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since this time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate to students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

OCR Gateway GCSE Science Online Homework

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Although we have made every effort to trace and contact copyright holders before publication this has not been possible in all cases. If notified, the publisher will rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Science A GCSE for AQA

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo: Suzanne Laird/Getty Images; Andrew Butterton/Alamy

On Your Marks: Helen E. Grose; P242207-Blood_cells, © SEM-SPL; Charles D. Winters © Science photo library; Martyn F. Chillmaid © Science photo library; © Martyn F. Chillmaid/Science photo library; Andrew Lambert photography© Science photo library; Science photo library.  Thierry Berrod; Mona Lisa Production/Science photo library. iStock © Marcello Bortolino.

Maths Skills: © iStock, contour99; Marek Mnich; Alex Avich © Fotolia;;      Fotolia / © iStock. iStock / © Matej Michelizza; iStock / © Pgiam.

Test Yourself: Martin Bond/Science photo library; Maximillian Stock LTD/Science photo Library

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The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Science B GCSE for AQA

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The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to use their photographs:

Cover photo:  Getty Images/Tanya Constantine

Webquests: Brian Sullivan, Visuals Unlimited/Science Photo Library

Examination-style questions: iStockphoto

Test Yourself: Science photo library B786/790

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OUP wishes to thank Stewart Chenery and colleagues at AQA; Lawrie Ryan, Helen Bethell, Mike Cole, Amy Clark, Kiranjit Kaur Dhillon, Yvette Lee, Paul Levy, Jo Locke and Nicky Thomas; Tracey Topham; John Mallott; Dr Alan Skull; Mitch Fitton; Janet Hawkins; Dr Sarah Ryan; Andy Turvey; Amy Green; Matthew Ali; TwoFour Studios; Concera Ltd, MTJ Media; InfoPro Worldwide Inc;

We are grateful for permission to include the following copyright material: Graph adapted from http://www.ich.ucl.ac.uk/immunisation/

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The websites recommended in this publication were correct at the time of going to press; however, websites may have been removed or web addresses changed since that time. OUP has made every attempt to suggest websites that are reliable and appropriate for students’ use. It is not unknown for unscrupulous individuals to put unsuitable material on websites that may be accessed by students. Teachers should check all websites before allowing students to access them. OUP is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Twenty First Century GCSE Sciences

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These resources have been developed to support teachers and students undertaking the OCR suite of specifications GCSE Twenty First Century Science. They have been developed from the first and second editions of the resources.

We would like to thank Michelle Hawley, Sarah Old, Naomi Rowe, and Ann Wolstenholme at OCR for their work on the specifications for the Twenty First Century Science course.

Authors and editors from the first and second editions

We thank the authors and editors of the first and second editions: Jenifer Burden, Cris Edgell, Ann Fullick, Anna Grayson, Angela Hall, Bill Indge, Neil Ingram, Mike Kalvis, Pam Large, Carol Levick, Jean Martin, Nick Owens, Cliff Porter, Jacqueline Punter, Anne Scott, Carol Usher, and Linn Winspear.

We thank the authors and editors of the first and second editions: David Brodie, Anna Grayson, Helen Harden, John Holman, Andrew Hunt, John Lazonby, Ted Lister, Allan Mann, Peter Nicholson, Emma Palmer, Cliff Porter, Mike Shipton, Charles Tracey, Dorothy Warren, and Vicky Wong.

We thank the authors and editors of the first and second editions: David Brodie, Peter Campbell, Simon Carson, John Lazonby, Robin Millar, Stephen Pople, David Sang, Elizabeth Swinbank, and Carol Tear.

We thank the authors and editors of the first and second editions: David Brodie, Jenifer Burden, Peter Campbell, Simon Carson, Cris Edgell, Ann Fullick, Anna Grayson, Angela Hall, Helen Harden, John Holman, Andrew Hunt, Bill Indge, Neil Ingram, Mike Kalvis, Pam Large, John Lazonby, Carol Levick, Ted Lister, Allan Mann, Jean Martin, Robin Millar, Peter Nicholson, Nick Owens, Emma Palmer, Stephen Pople, Cliff Porter, Jacqueline Punter, David Sang, Mike Shipton, Anne Scott, Elizabeth Swinbank, Carol Tear, Charles Tracey, Carol Usher, Dorothy Warren, Linn Winspear, and Vicky Wong.

Many people from schools, colleges, universities, industry, and the professions contributed to the production of the first edition of these resources. We also acknowledge the invaluable contribution of the teachers and students in the pilot centres.

A full list of contributors can be found in the Teacher Handbook.

The first edition of Twenty First Century Science was developed with support from the Nuffield Foundation, The Salters Institute, and the Wellcome Trust.

The continued development of Twenty First Century Science is made possible by generous support from The Salters Institute.

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Twenty First Century Science Online Homework

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Study Skills

Study Skills for AS/A Level

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Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries.

Author: Mary James.

© Oxford University Press 2014

The moral rights of the author have been asserted.

First published in 2014

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British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

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Acknowledgements

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