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Published: 18 October 2016

352 Pages | 26 illus.

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

ISBN: 9780190619466

Also Available As:


Bookseller Code (06)

Who Belongs?

Race, Resources, and Tribal Citizenship in the Native South

Mikaëla M. Adams

  • Shows the historically contingent ways in which six Indian tribes defined citizenship (using legal rolls, blood quantum, and ancestry) in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
  • Makes extensive use of archival materials, ethnological reports, and oral histories to convey native perspectives on citizenship and legal identity.
  • Demonstrates that, rather than being merely victims of federal policy or American racial ideologies, tribes developed their own criteria to bolster their tribal sovereignty.
  • Explores how tribes' past citizenship decisions have had a lasting impact on how "Indian" is defined today, including contemporary issues of resource allocation from casino income.