Sean Aas, MA, PhD, has been a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Bioethics at the U.S. National Institutes of Health since 2013. Previously he was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies Justititia Amplificata, in Frankfurt, Germany. He works at the intersection of bioethics and political philosophy, with particular focus on global justice and the ethics and politics of disability.
David V. Axelsen, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of Government, London School of Economics and Social Science. He works on global justice, national identity, political philosophical methodology, and, as in the case of the present contribution, distributive justice and has recently published two articles in the Journal of Political Philosophy (one of which is co-authored with Lasse Nielsen). When not engaged in academia, David enjoys competing in the Danish sport, Flaghelmet.
Pelham M. Barton, PhD, is a Reader in Mathematical Modelling in the Health Economics Unit and Director of the MSc programme in Health Economics and Health Policy at the University of Birmingham, UK. He has over 70 publications, of which around 50 are academic papers published in peer-reviewed journals including The BMJ, Health Economics, Health Technology Assessment and Journal of Health Services Research & Policy. Pelham is an internationally recognised expert in modelling applied to healthcare provision, both preventative and curative. His methodological work includes adoption of ideas from outside health economics to resolve the tension between adequacy, efficiency, and transparency of models.
Joanna Coast, PhD, is Professor of Health Economics in the Health Economics Unit, University of Birmingham, UK. Her research interests lie in the theory underlying economic evaluation (including capability), developing broader measures of outcome for use in economic evaluation (including measures of capability), health care decision making, the economics of antimicrobial resistance and the organisation of care. She also has a methodological interest in the use of qualitative methods in health economics. She has published extensively in all of these areas. Work on capability has included methodological work in relation to health economics as well as empirical applications in health and end of life care. She has led the development of the ICECAP capability instruments. She has received major grants from the Medical Research Council and the European Research Council. She is Senior Editor (Health Economics) for Social Science and Medicine.
Leonard M. Fleck, PhD, is Professor of Philosophy and Medical Ethics in the Center for Ethics, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University. He is the author of Just Caring: Health Care Rationing and Democratic Deliberation (OUP, 2009) and is co-editor with Marion Danis, Samia Hurst, Reidun Forde, and Ann Slowther of Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside (OUP, 2014). His published essays address a wide range of topics related to health care justice, rational democratic deliberation, health care rationing, and ethical issues related to precision medicine and emerging genetic technologies.
Carina Fourie, PhD, is the Benjamin Rabinowitz Assistant Professor of Medical Ethics at the Department of Philosophy, University of Washington. She works on a variety of topics in medical ethics, and in social and political philosophy, with particular interest in social justice and equality, and its application to public health and health care policy. Her recent publications include the paper "Moral Distress and Moral Conflict in Clinical Ethics" (Bioethics 2015) and the collected volume Social Equality: On What it Means to be Equals (OUP 2015, co-edited with Fabian Schuppert and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer).
Ewout van Ginneken, PhD, is a Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology. His topics of interest include international health systems, health insurance, health financing, cross-border health care, pharmaceutical policy, and the impact of EU law. He coordinates the activities of the Berlin hub of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, for which he has edited and co-authored several publications. He is the author of "Implementing insurance exchanges--lessons from Europe" (New England Journal of Medicine 2013, with Kathy Swartz) and "Coverage for undocumented migrants becomes more urgent" (Annals of Internal Medicine 2013, with Bradford Gray).
Axel Gosseries, PhD, is Senior Research Fellow at the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS, Brussels) and Professor at the University of Louvain (Hoover Chair in Economic and Social Ethics, UCL, Belgium). As a political philosopher, his research focuses on theories of intergenerational justice and on democracy within organizations. He has authored more than 50 papers in Philosophy, Law and Economics as well as one book on intergenerational justice (Flammarion, 2004). He has edited three books, including Intergenerational Justice (OUP 2009, with L. Meyer) and Intellectual Property and Theories of Justice (Palgrave, 2008, with A. Marciano and A. Strowel).
Iwao Hirose, PhD, is Associate Professor at the Philosophy Department and the School of Environment, McGill University in Canada. He works on a wide range of topics in normative ethics, including projects on egalitarianism, justice in health and health care, and climate justice, as well as in the philosophy of economics. He is the author of Moral Aggregation (OUP 2015), Egalitarianism (Routledge 2015) and The Ethics of Health Care Rationing (Routledge 2014, with Greg Bognar) as well as the editor of The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory (OUP 2015, with Jonas Olson) and Weighing and Reasoning (OUP 2015, with Andrew Reisner).
Paul T. Menzel, PhD, is Professor of Philosophy emeritus at Pacific Lutheran University. He has written widely on moral questions in health economics and health policy. Publications include "A Cultural Moral Right to a Basic Minimum of Accessible Health Care," Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 2011; Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance? (co-editor with H.S. Faust), Oxford University Press 2012; and "Advance Directives, Dementia, and Withholding Food and Water by Mouth" (co-author with M.C. Chandler-Cramer), Hastings Center Report, 2014.
Paul Mark Mitchell, PhD, is a Research Associate at the Department of Social Science, Health & Medicine, King's College London, UK. His research interests are in measuring capabilities and the theory and methods for conducting health economic evaluations. Paul has published his research in peer-reviewed journals, including Medical Decision Making, Patient and Social Science & Medicine. Paul received his PhD in Health Economics from the University of Birmingham, UK in 2013. His PhD is titled "Exploring the capability approach in model-based economic evaluations".
Lasse Nielsen, PhD, is a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Political Science and Government, Aarhus University in Denmark. He works on topics in political philosophy such as the value of equality and sufficiency in distributive justice and the applicability of the Capability Approach to health and health care ethics. He is co-author of the recently published article, "Sufficiency as Freedom from Duress" in The Journal of Political Philosophy, and author of the article, "Why Health Matters to Justice: A Capability Theory Perspective", published in Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. Lasse is a keen participant in the Danish sport, Flaghelmet.
Dimitra Panteli, MD, MScPH, is a Research Fellow at the Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology. Her research topics include evidence-based decision-making in health care with a focus on Health Technology Assessment (HTA) and clinical guidelines, health systems research, pharmaceutical policy and cross-border care. She coordinates the Department's teaching on HTA and health systems and is a member of the editorial team of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. She is currently finalizing her doctoral thesis on evidence-based approaches in coverage decision-making.
Govind Persad, JD, PhD, is a Junior Faculty Fellow at Georgetown University (2015-16) and Assistant Professor of Health Policy and Management at Johns Hopkins University (beginning 2016). His research bridges applied ethics, political philosophy, and health law; recent projects focus on the normative implications of socioeconomic mobility, as well as various questions related to justice, priority-setting in health care, and cost-effectiveness. Recent publications include "Priority-Setting, Cost-Effectiveness, and the Affordable Care Act" (American Journal of Law and Medicine 2015) and "Equality via Mobility: Why Socioeconomic Mobility Matters for Relational Equality, Distributive Equality, and Equality of Opportunity" (Social Philosophy and Policy 2015).
Efrat Ram-Tiktin, PhD, is a Lecturer at the Department of Philosophy, Bar-Ilan University. She has developed a theory of sufficiency of basic human functional capabilities that she applies to questions surrounding justice in health and health care. Among her recent publications are "The right to healthcare as a right to basic human functional capabilities" in Ethical Theory and Moral Practice and "Possible Effects of Moral Bioenhancement on Political Privileges and Fair Equality of Opportunity" in the American Journal of Bioethics.
Annette Rid, MD, is a Senior Lecturer in Bioethics and Society in the Department of Social Science, Health & Medicine at King's College London. Annette works in a variety of areas in bioethics, including research ethics, clinical ethics, justice in health and health care, and ethics in transplantation medicine. Her publications on justice in health and health care include "Justice and Procedure: How does "accountability for reasonableness" result in fair limit-setting decisions?" (Journal of Medical Ethics 2009) and "The Importance of Being NICE" (Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2015, with Peter Littlejohns, James Wilson, Benedict Rumbold, Katharina Kieslich, and Albert Weale).
Tracy E. Roberts, PhD, is Professor of Health Economics and Head of the Health Economics Unit at the University of Birmingham, UK. Tracy has specific research interests in the area of economic evaluation and in particular of testing and screening programmes, especially in the areas of Sexual Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and has published widely. She has also developed interest in pursuing outcome valuation for use in economic evaluation in these clinical specialties. Tracy leads two applied research themes within the Unit: women's health, and infection. She also works within the two main methodological themes of modelling and capabilities.
Harald Schmidt, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, and a Research Associate at the Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, both at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine. His work centers around fairness in resource allocation, public health ethics, and personal responsibility for health. Recent publications include "Public health, universal health coverage, and sustainable development goals: can they coexist?" (The Lancet 2015, with Lawrence Gostin and Ezekiel Emanuel) and "Equity and non-communicable disease reduction under the Sustainable Development Goals" (PLOS Medicine 2015, with Anne Barnhill).
Liam Shields, PhD, is a Lecturer in Political Theory at the University of Manchester. His main areas of research interest are distributive justice, especially sufficientarianism, equality of opportunity, justice in education and justice in child-rearing. He has published in journals such as Utilitas and Politics, Philosophy and Economics and has a monograph forthcoming with Edinburgh University Press entitled Just Enough: Sufficiency as a Demand of Justice.
David Wasserman, JD, MA (psychology) has been a Visiting Scholar at the Department of Bioethics at the U.S. National Institutes of Health since January, 2013. Previously, he was Director of Research at the Center for Ethics, Yeshiva University. He has written extensively on ethical and policy issues in disability, reproduction, genetics, healthcare, biotechnology, and neuroscience. He has co-authored Disability, Difference, Discrimination with Anita Silvers and Mary Mahowald (1998) and Debating Procreation with David Benatar (2015). He has co-edited Genetics and Criminal Behavior (2001); Quality of Life and Human Difference: Genetic Testing, Health-Care, and Disability (2005); and Harming Future Persons: Ethics, Genetics, and the Nonidentity Problem (2009). He has also co-edited special journal issues on bioethics and risk, and on the ethics of enhancement. He is on the editorial boards of Ethics and the Journal of Applied Ethics and is a Fellow of the Hasting Center.