Journals Higher Education
Important OUP's Response to COVID-19 Learn more



Published: 01 January 2020

1088 Pages

9.2 x 6.0 inches

ISBN: 9780198738404

Also Available As:


Bookseller Code (1A)

The Enlightenment that Failed

Ideas, Revolution, and Democratic Defeat, 1748-1830

Jonathan I. Israel

  • Revises our understanding of the Enlightenment in terms of Radical versus Moderate Enlightenment
  • Demonstrates how ideas promoting the interest of society as a whole came to be almost defeated by ideas buttressing the interests of the privileged few
  • Presents a fundamentally new interpretation of the late Enlightenment and the revolutionary era
  • Draws new parallels between the Enlightenment and the Atlantic Revolutions of 1775-1820
  • Shows how the Radical Enlightenment was largely displaced from the Western consciousness after 1820