Organizing Democratic Choice
Party Representation Over Time
Ian Budge, Michael McDonald, Paul Pennings, and Hans Keman
Table of Contents
Introduction: Representation as Process
Part I: Party Convergence and Beyond
1. Convergence in Context: Simulating Party-Elector Interactions within a Downsian Framework
2. Party Stability, Voting Cycles and Convergence: Comparative Evidence
3. Unpacking the Convergence Model
Part II : Party Divergence: Causes and Consequences
4. The Dynamics of Divergence - Ideology, Factionalism and Representation
Part III: Representing Voters
5. Identifying Majority Preferences: Median or Plurality Voter?
6. Representation over Time: Empowering both Modal and Median Preferences Through Policy Inertia - A Model and Simulation
7. Representation and the Pace of Policy Change - A Comparative Over-Time Analysis
Part IV: Representing Citizens
8. The Nature of Citizen Preferences: Meaningful and Stable?
9. Relating Elector to Voter Preferences
10. Citizen Preferences and Public Policy
Part V: The Representational Process
11. Parties Diverge Around Electors - But Not Too Much. Policy Responds - But Not Too Fast.
12. Partisan Governments, Centrist Electors: Resolving the Paradox of Party Representation
13. Representing Representation: A Core Theory for Political Science