Narrating a Psychology of Resistance
Voices of the Compañeras in Nicaragua
Table of Contents
Foreword: Bridging Activism and Academic Research: My Position
Introduction: Transnational Feminist Liberation Psychology and Feminists' Stories of Social Justice in the Movimiento Autónomo de Mujeres of Nicaragua
Section One - Citizen Democracy and Knowledge: Leveling the Playing Field by Creating Participatory Spaces
1: Problematizing the Struggle for Freedom Through Contraction:
"Freedom should be wide enough so that every person can decide what to participate in and what to build towards or construct."
Testimonio from Juanita Jiménez
2: Resisting Exclusion with Oppositional Participation:
"I was excluded from hearing what the males in the house were talking about; particularly if they were talking about politics because that was not, you know, ladies' business."
Testimonio from Sofía Montenegro
3: The Role of Education and Knowledge in the Building of Citizen Subjectivity
"As long as you keep people in the dark, not knowing anything, of course you will be able to do what you wish with them and manipulate them. Ignorance is the best friend of abusive people's manipulation."
Testimonio from Yamileth Mejía
4: Elevating Voices by Resisting Universalism
"If we could just reach where we could have really strong women, strong character and enough knowledge, because knowledge is important too-to start doing things, you know, from a women's point of view, from our cultures."
Testimonio from Matilde Lindo
Section Two - Intersectional Ideology: Legislation and Women's Human Rights
5: Linking Lived Experience of Violence and Transformative Feminist Action
"We had a feminist vision and we were a very politicized social movement. We demanded changes in legislation. We don't just take care of victims."
Testimonio from Violeta Delgado
6: Subjectivation in Response to Patriarchal and Neoliberal Rule:
"We have taken feminist philosophy as a way of making change in this patriarchal structure that oppresses us and keeps us sunken in poverty. For both neoliberalism and the patriarchal system are responsible, both of them together, for continuing to oppress women, to oppress more than fifty-plus percent of the world's population."
Testimonio from Sandra Ramos
7: Legislating From a Feminist Standpoint:
"We questioned the power that the patriarchs had, that politicians had; we claimed that politicians were the main abusers of women, that the congressmen did not legislate in the best interest of women."
Testimonio from Bertha Inés Cabrales
Section Three - Agriculture: Feminist Rural Organizing
8: Deideologizing the Material and Social Conditions of Inequity:
"...the poor and women cross the same paths. We must have programs of greater significance or scope, since we women are the ones who drive the world economy."
Testimonio from Martha Heriberta Valle
9: Deideologizing Land Ownership: Structures that Interrupt Male Dominance:
"We began linking the purchase of land with feminist thinking, becoming aware of our identity, of how women have been constructed, to deconstruct the model that was the obstacle to leaving the kitchen, and work in the field."
Testimonio from Diana Martinez
Conclusion: How a Feminist Fight for Justice from the Majority World Informs Liberatory Knowledge