Table of Contents
'The truth about stories': Personal perspectives on Ulster migration
Arthur and me
The politics of demography
Part I: Theory, History and Demography
1: History, memory, migration
Diaspora, migration and identity
Life Stories and migration research
Oral history and Irish migration
Oral narrative research in the context of societal conflict
Migration, time and generation
Memory and emotion in migration research
History, memory and postmemory
Mechanisms of autobiographical memory
Structure of life stories
2: Northern Ireland: Migration history and demography
Migration and the British Empire
Assisted emigration schemes
Northern Ireland, migration and Empire
Interwar migration, 1920s-1930s
Post-war migration, 1940s-1960s
Characteristics of migrants, 1920s-1960s
Migration since 2001
Refugees and asylum seekers
Conclusion: An all-Ulster perspective
Part II: Voices of Migration and Return
3: 'They were always missed, they were always mentioned': Migration, generation and family history
Memory, migration and generation: Rosina's story
Understanding migration and generation
Families, histories, emotions
'She grieved him all her life': Narrating migration and loss
'It was all just land and trees': Narrating settlement and return
'It was a culture shock': Narrating immigration and generation
4: 'Are you Catholic or Protestant?' Migration, religion and identity
Majorities and minorities: 'Reality very often is not what you would wish it to be'
Majorities and minorities in Northern Ireland
The demography of migration and religion
Religion, migration and conflict
Religion, migration and 'brain drain'
'A big black cloud lifted': Leaving the North
'Are you Catholic or Protestant?' Religion and identity abroad
'They don't see Northerners as Irish': Encounters in 'diaspora space'
'There's nothing wrong with being British and Irish': Migration and identity
5: 'Doubly invisible?' Being Northern Irish in Britain
'Northern Irelands my soul': Home and identity in Britain
The Irish in Britain: Demography and visibility
'No different than the nineteenth century': Being a Presbyterian navvy
'Pagan England': Family migration to and from Britain
'Flying the flag': Doing business in Britain
'The people with hair left': Social exclusion in Northern Ireland and Britain
'Traumatised by being an Irish person in England': Suffering, silence and victimhood
6: 'A very tolerant country: Immigration to Canada
Brave new world
Canada, British and Irish migration
'Is this what I came to Canada for?' Interwar immigration
'The horizons go on forever': Post-war immigration
'Second class Canadian': 1970s immigration
'Amazing credentials and they don't get work': Immigration since the 1980s
'A very tolerant country': Life in the 'peaceable kingdom'
'The secret of Canada': Conclusion
7: 'I'm back where I belong': Return migration
Returning home: 'I'm back where I belong'
Return migration: Definitions
Dream of return: 'Nobody knows me there'
Failed return: 'Take your political views and shut up'
No return: 'Not in my name'
After return: 'We found we were in trouble with both sides'
Transnational returning: 'A dream that I would have'
Ultimate return: 'I don't want to go home to live, I want to go home to die'
Epilogue: 'I can't see myself leaving and I can't see myself going back'
The lost generation
Bibliography & List of interviews