Introduction to Electric Circuits
Updated Ninth Edition
Herbert W. Jackson, Dale Temple, and Brian E. Kelly
Table of Contents
Part I: The Basic Electric Circuit
1. Introduction
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
1-1 Circuit Diagrams
1-2 The International System of Units
1-3 Calculators for Circuit Theory
1-4 Numerical Accuracy
1-5 Scientific Notation
1-6 SI Unit Prefixes
1-7 Conversion of Units
2. Current and Voltage
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
2-1 The Nature of Charge
2-2 Free Electrons in Metals
2-3 Electric Current
2-4 The Coulomb
2-5 The Ampere
2-6 Potential Difference
2-7 The Volt
2-8 EMF, Potential Difference, and Voltage
2-9 Conventional Current and Electron Flow
3. Conductors, Insulators, and Semiconductors
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
3-1 Conductors
3-2 Electrolytic Conduction
3-3 Insulators
3-4 Insulator Breakdown
3-5 Semiconductors
4. Cells, Batteries, and Other Voltage Sources
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
4-1 Basic Terminology
4-2 Simple Primary Cell
4-3 Carbon-Zinc and Alkaline Cells
4-4 Other Commercial Primary Cells
4-5 Secondary Cells
4-6 Capacity of Cells and Batteries
4-7 Fuel Cells
4-8 Other Voltage Sources
5. Resistance and Ohm's Law
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
5-1 Ohm's Law
5-2 The Nature of Resistance
5-3 Factors Governing Resistance
5-4 Resistivity
5-5 Circular Mils
5-6 American Wire Gauge
5-7 Effect of Temperature on Resistance
5-8 Temperature Coefficient of Resistance
5-9 Linear Resistors
5-10 Nonlinear Resistors
5-11 Resistor Color Code
5-12 Variable Resistors
5-13 Voltage-Current Characteristics
5-14 Applying Ohm's Law
6. Work and Power
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
6-1 Energy and Work
6-2 Power
6-3 Efficiency
6-4 The Kilowatt Hour
6-5 Relationships Among Basic Electric Units
6-6 Heating Effect of Current
Part II: Resistance Networks
7. Series and Parallel Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
7-1 Resistors in Series
7-2 Voltage Drops in Series Circuits
7-3 Double-Subscript Notation
7-4 Kirchhoff's Voltage Law
7-5 Characteristics of Series Circuits
7-6 Internal Resistance
7-7 Cells in Series
7-8 Maximum Power Transfer
7-9 Resistors in Parallel
7-10 Kirchhoff's Current Law
7-11 Conductance and Conductivity
7-12 Characteristics of Parallel Circuits
7-13 Cells in Parallel
7-14 Troubleshooting
8. Series-Parallel Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
8-1 Series-Parallel Resistors
8-2 Equivalent-Circuit Method
8-3 Kirchhoff's Laws Method
8-4 Voltage-Divider Principle
8-5 Voltage Dividers
8-6 Current-Divider Principle
8-7 Cells in Series-Parallel
8-8 Troubleshooting
9. Resistance Networks
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
9-1 Network Equations from Kirchhoff's Laws
9-2 Constant-Voltage Sources
9-3 Constant-Current Sources
9-4 Source Conversion
9-5 Kirchhoff's Voltage-Law Equations: Loop Procedure
9-6 Networks with More Than One Voltage Source
9-7 Loop Equations in Multisource Networks
9-8 Mesh Analysis
9-9 Kirchhoff's Current-Law Equations
9-10 Nodal Analysis
9-11 The Superposition Theorem
10. Equivalent-Circuit Theorems
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
10-1 Thevenin's Theorem
10-2 Norton's Theorem
10-3 Dependent Sources
10-4 Delta-Wye Transformation
10-5 Troubleshooting
11. Electrical Measurement
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
11-1 Moving-Coil Meters
11-2 The Ammeter
11-3 The Voltmeter
11-4 Voltmeter Loading Effect
11-5 Resistance Measurement
11-6 The Electrodynamometer Movement
11-7 Multimeters
Part III: Capacitance and Inductance
12. Capacitance
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
12-1 Electric Fields
12-2 Dielectrics
12-3 Capacitance
12-4 Capacitors
12-5 Factors Governing Capacitance
12-6 Dielectric Constant
12-7 Capacitors in Parallel
12-8 Capacitors in Series
13. Capacitance in DC Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
13-1 Charging a Capacitor
13-2 Rate of Change of Voltage
13-3 Time Constant
13-4 Graphical Solution for Capacitor Voltage
13-5 Discharging a Capacitor
13-6 Algebraic Solution for Capacitor Voltage
13-7 Transient Response
13-8 Energy Stored by a Capacitor
13-9 Characteristics of Capacitive DC Circuits
13-10 Troubleshooting
14. Magnetism
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
14-1 Magnetic Fields
14-2 Magnetic Field around a Current-Carrying Conductor
14-3 Magnetic Flux
14-4 Magnetomotive Force
14-5 Reluctance
14-6 Permeance and Permeability
14-7 Magnetic Flux Density
14-8 Magnetic Field Strength
14-9 Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic, and Ferromagnetic Materials
14-10 Permanent Magnets
14-11 Magnetization Curves
14-12 Permeability from the BH Curve
14-13 Hysteresis
14-14 Eddy Current
14-15 Magnetic Shielding
15. Magnetic Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
15-1 Practical Magnetic Circuits
15-2 Long Air-Core Coils
15-3 Toroidal Coils
15-4 Linear Magnetic Circuits
15-5 Nonlinear Magnetic Circuits
15-6 Leakage Flux
15-7 Series Magnetic Circuits
15-8 Air Gaps
15-9 Parallel Magnetic Circuits
16. Inductance
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
16-1 Electromagnetic Induction
16-2 Faraday's Law
16-3 Lenz's Law
16-4 Self-Induction
16-5 Self-Inductance
16-6 Factors Governing Inductance
16-7 Inductors in Series
16-8 Inductors in Parallel
16-9 The DC Generator
16-10 Simple DC Generators
16-11 EMF Equation
16-12 The DC Motor
16-13 Speed and Torque of a DC Motor
16-14 Types of DC Motors
16-15 Speed Characteristics of DC Motors
16-16 Torque Characteristics of DC Motors
16-17 Permanent Magnet and Brushless DC Motors
17. Inductance in DC Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
17-1 Current in an Ideal Inductor
17-2 Rise of Current in a Practical Inductor
17-3 Time Constant
17-4 Graphical Solution for Inductor Current
17-5 Algebraic Solution for Inductor Current
17-6 Energy Stored by an Inductor
17-7 Fall of Current in an Inductive Circuit
17-8 Algebraic Solution for Discharge Current
17-9 Transient Response
17-10 Characteristics of Inductive DC Circuits
17-11 Troubleshooting
Part IV: Alternating Current
18. Alternating Current
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
18-1 A Simple Generator
18-2 The Nature of the Induced Voltage
18-3 The Sine Wave
18-4 Peak Value of a Sine Wave
18-5 Instantaneous Value of a Sine Wave
18-6 The Radian
18-7 Instantaneous Current in a Resistor
18-8 Instantaneous Power in a Resistor
18-9 Periodic Waves
18-10 Average Value of a Periodic Wave
18-11 RMS Value of a Sine Wave
19. Reactance
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
19-1 Instantaneous Current in an Ideal Inductor
19-2 Inductive Reactance
19-3 Factors Governing Inductive Reactance
19-4 Instantaneous Current in a Capacitor
19-5 Capacitive Reactance
19-6 Factors Governing Capacitive Reactance
19-7 Resistance, Inductive Reactance, and Capacitive Reactance
20. Phasors
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
20-1 Addition of Sine Waves
20-2 Addition of Instantaneous Values
20-3 Representing a Sine Wave by a Phasor Diagram
20-4 Letter Symbols for Phasor Quantities
20-5 Phasor Addition by Geometrical Construction
20-6 Addition of Perpendicular Phasors
20-7 Expressing Phasors with Complex Numbers
20-8 Phasor Addition by Rectangular Coordinates
20-9 Subtraction of Phasor Quantities
20-10 Multiplication and Division of Phasor Quantities
21. Impedance
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
21-1 Resistance and Inductance in Series
21-2 Impedance
21-3 Practical Inductors
21-4 Resistance and Capacitance in Series
21-5 Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance in Series
21-6 Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance in Parallel
21-7 Conductance, Susceptance, and Admittance
21-8 Impedance and Admittance
21-9 Troubleshooting
22. Power in Alternating-Current Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
22-1 Power in a Resistor
22-2 Power in an Ideal Inductor
22-3 Power in a Capacitor
22-4 Power in a Circuit Containing Resistance and Reactance
22-5 The Power Triangle
22-6 Power Factor
22-7 Power Factor Correction
Part V: Impedance Networks
23. Series and Parallel Impedances
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
23-1 Resistance and Impedance
23-2 Impedances in Series
23-3 Impedances in Parallel
23-4 Series-Parallel Impedances
23-5 Source Conversion
24. Impedance Networks
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
24-1 Loop Equations
24-2 Mesh Equations
24-3 Superposition Theorem
24-4 Thevenin's Theorem
24-5 Norton's Theorem
24-6 Nodal Analysis
24-7 Delta-Wye Transformation
25. Resonance
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
25-1 Effect of Varying Frequency in a Series RLC Circuit
25-2 Series Resonance
25-3 Quality Factor
25-4 Resonant Rise of Voltage
25-5 Selectivity
25-6 Ideal Parallel-Resonant Circuits
25-7 Practical Parallel-Resonant Circuits
25-8 Selectivity of Parallel-Resonant Circuits
26. Passive Filters (NEW!)
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
26-1 Filters
26-2 Frequency Response Graphs
26-3 RC Low-Pass Filters
26-4 RL Low-Pass Filters
26-5 RC High-Pass Filters
26-6 RL High-Pass Filters
26-7 Band-Pass Filters
26-8 Band-Stop Filters
26-9 Practical Application of Filters
26-10 Troubleshooting
27. Transformers
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
27-1 Transformer Action
27-2 Transformation Ratio
27-3 Impedance Transformation
27-4 Leakage Reactance
27-5 Open-Circuit and Short-Circuit Tests
27-6 Transformer Efficiency
27-7 Effect of Loading a Transformer
27-8 Autotransformers
27-9 Troubleshooting
28. Coupled Circuits
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
28-1 Determining Coupling Network Parameters
28-2 Open-Circuit Impedance Parameters
28-3 Short-Circuit Admittance Parameters
28-4 Hybrid Parameters
28-5 Air-Core Transformers
28-6 Mutual Inductance
28-7 Coupled Impedance
29. Three-Phase Systems
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
29-1 Advantages of Polyphase Systems
29-2 Generation of Three-Phase Voltages
29-3 Double-Subscript Notation
29-4 Four-Wire Wye-Connected System
29-5 Delta-Connected Systems
29-6 Wye-Delta System
29-7 Power in a Balanced Three-Phase System
29-8 Phase Sequence
29-9 Unbalanced Three-Wire Wye Loads
29-10 The AC Generator
29-11 The Three-Phase Induction Motor
29-12 The Three-Phase Synchronous Motor
29-13 Single-Phase Motors
30. Harmonics
Key Terms
Learning Outcomes
30-1 Nonsinusoidal Waves
30-2 Fourier Series
30-3 Addition of Harmonically Related Sine Waves
30-4 Generation of Harmonics
30-5 Harmonics in an Amplifier
30-6 Harmonics in an Iron-Core Transformer
30-7 RMS Value of a Nonsinusoidal Wave
30-8 Square Waves and Sawtooth Waves
30-9 Nonsinusoidal Waves in Linear Impedance Networks
Appendices
1. Determinants
2. Calculus Derivations
2-1 Maxium Power-Transfer Theorem
2-2 Instantaneous Voltage in a CR Circuit
2-3 Energy Stored by a Capacitor
2-4 Instantaneous Current in an LR Circuit
2-5 Energy Stored by an Inductor
2-6 RMS and Average Values of a Sine Wave
2-7 Inductive Reactance
2-8 Capacitive Reactance
2-9 General Transformer Equation
2-10 Maximum Transformer Efficiency
3. Multisim Schematic Capture and Simulation (NEW!)
Answers to Selected Problems
Glossary
Photo Credits