How Long? How Long?
African American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights
Reviews and Awards
"Bound to be controversial, Robnett's How Long? How Long? challenges received perspectives on the role of gender in the Civil Rights Movement. In doing so she has made a major contribution to our understanding of the internal dynamics of social movements. It is both impassioned and impressive."--Mayer Zald, Department of Sociology, University of Arizona
"This book rewrites the history of the Civil Rights movement from the standpoint of African American women. Conceptually, this project joins a recent wave of scholarship in social movements that is beginning to address the intersections of race, class, gender and social movements. Substantively, this book contributes a beautiful overview of black women's long history of resistance to race and gender oppression in the United States...No one has ever undertaken such an ambitious project with respect to black women's activism."--Verta Taylor, Ohio State University
"Belinda Robnett has made a unique contribution to our understanding of the Civil Rights movement and social movements generally. How Long? How Long? clearly demonstrates that gender mattered in the Civil Rights movement and that gender must be taken into account if we are to formulate accurate and comprehensive theories of collective action. This work is based on extensive research which gives voice to the masses of women who played pivotal roles in the Civil Rights movement. Finally, a work has appeared that captures the monumental contributions women made to the Civil Rights movement. "After reading Belinda Robnett's book, one comes to understand clearly that if it were not for the actions of Black women, there would not have been a Civil Rights movement."--Aldon D. Morris, Northwestern University
"Professor Belinda Robnett's book, How Long? How Long?, makes a valuable contribution to the field by providing a workable analytical framework for those scholars studying African American women in the movement."--The Journal of American History