List of Illustrations; Acknowledgements; Preface by Hew Strachan; Introduction, Edward M. Spiers; I Early Warfare and the Emergence of a Scottish Kingdom; 1. War in Prehistory and the Impact of Rome, Fraser Hunter; 2. Warfare in Northern Britain, c 500-1093, James E. Fraser; 3. The Kings of Scots at War, c 1093-1286, Matthew Strickland; 4. The Wars of Independence, 1296-1328, Michael Prestwich; 5. The Kingdom of Scotland at War, 1332-1488, Alastair J. Macdonald; 6. Scotland in the Age of the Military Revolution, 1488-1560, Gervase Phillips; 7. Warfare in Gaelic Scotland in the Later Middle Ages, Martin MacGregor; II Forging a Scottish-British Military Identity; 8. The Wars of Mary and James VI/I, 1560-1625, Matthew Glozier; 9. 'Mercenaries': the Scottish Soldier in Foreign Service, 1568-1860, Allan Carswell; 10. The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, 1625-1660, Martyn Bennett; 11. The Restoration and the Glorious Revolution, 1660-1702, K. A. J. McLay; 12. Marlborough's Wars and the Act of Union, 1702-1714, John C. R. Childs; 13. The Jacobite Wars, 1708-1746, Christopher Duffy; III Scotland in Britain and the Empire; 14. The Scottish Military Experience in North America, 1756-1783, Stephen Brumwell; 15. The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, 1793-1815, Charles J. Esdaile; 16. Internal Policing and Public Order, c 1797-1900, Ewen A. Cameron; 17. Scots and the Wars of Empire, 1815-1914, Edward M. Spiers; 18.Commonwealth Scottish regiments, Wendy Ugolini; 19. The First World War, Trevor Royle; 20. Internal Policing and Public Order, c 1900-1994, Ian S. Wood; 21. The Second World War, Jeremy A. Crang; 22. The Cold War and Beyond, Niall Barr; IV The Cultural and Physical Dimensions; 23 Scottish Military Dress, Allan Carswell; 24. Scottish Military Music, Gary J. West; 25. The Scottish Soldier in Literature, Robert P. Irvine; 26. The Scottish Soldier in Art, Peter Harrington; 27. Castles and Fortifications in Scotland, Chris Tabraham; 28. The Archaeology of Scottish Battlefields, Tony Pollard; 29. Scottish Military Monuments, Elaine W. McFarland; 30. Scottish Military Collections, Stuart Allan; Epilogue: Reflections on the Scottish Military Experience, Alistair Irwin; Select Bibliography; Notes on the Contributors; Illustration Credits; Index.