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Cover

Voices of Ancient Philosophy

An Introductory Reader

Edited by Julia Annas

Publication Date - September 2000

ISBN: 9780195126952

480 pages
Paperback
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $72.95

Description

Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader is a unique and accessible introduction to the richness of ancient philosophy. Featuring a topical--as opposed to chronological--organization, this text introduces students to the wide range of approaches and traditions in ancient philosophy. In each section Annas presents the ancient debates on a particular philosophical topic, drawing on a greater diversity of ancient sources than a chronological approach allows. The book is divided into six sections: Fate and Freedom; Reason and Emotion; Knowledge, Belief, and Skepticism; Metaphysical Questions; How Should You Live?; and Society and the State. Annas includes a generous selection of the works of Plato and Aristotle, as well as those of the Stoics, Epicureans, and Skeptics. She also includes selections from less familiar philosophers and from authors in whose works philosophical issues arise, such as poets, medical writers, historians, and Jewish and Christian writers. The volume features biographical sketches of the philosophers, a timeline, and short discussions of the major movements in ancient philosophy. An excellent text for courses in ancient philosophy and history of philosophy, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader will also be of interest to scholars and general readers.

About the Author(s)

Julia Annas is Regents Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

Table of Contents

    List of Boxed Material
    Preface
    Introduction
    Chronological Sketch of Ancient Philosophy
    Timeline
    1. FATE AND FREEDOM
    Homer, Iliad 16, 512-548
    Lucian, Zeus Answers a Few Awkward Questions
    A. PRAISE, BLAME, AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR OUR ACTIONS
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics III, 5
    The Stoics on Fate
    Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 22
    The Stoics on Moral Responsibility
    Cicero, On Fate 40-43
    Aulus Gellius, Attic Nights 7.2, 6-13
    Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 11-14
    Epicurus, On Nature 34, 26-30
    Diogenes of Oenoanda, Epicurean Inscription fragment 54, II-III
    Lucretius, On the Nature of Things 2, 251-293
    B. RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE LIVES WE LEAD
    Plato, Republic 10 (the Myth of Er)
    Alcinous, Handbook of Platonism 26
    C. DIVINE FOREKNOWLEDGE OF THE FUTURE
    Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 30-31
    Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy 5
    D. IS THE FUTURE FIXED?
    Aristotle, On Interpretation
    Diodorus Cronus, The Master Argument (Epictetus, Discourses 11.19, 1-5
    The Stoics on Possibility and Necessity
    Cicero, On Fate 12-15
    Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 10
    2. REASON AND EMOTION
    A. EXPLANATION OF INNER CONFLICT
    Plato, Republic 4, 436a-444a
    Plato, Republic 9, 588b-590d
    Plato, Phaedrus 253d-254e
    B. WHAT IS AN EMOTION?
    Aristotle, Rhetoric II, part of 1,2,5,8
    Aristotle, Niomachean Ethics II, 1, parts of 2 and 3; IV, 5
    The Early Stoics on the Emotions
    Seneca, On Anger I, 7-9, 12-14, 17-18; II, 1-4, 6-10, 28
    C. A TEST CASE
    Euripides, Medea 1021-1080
    Epictetus, Discourses I, 28,1-9; II, 17, 17-25
    Galen, On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato III, 3, 13-24
    D. REASON, THE EMOTIONS, AND FAITH
    The Fourth Book of Maccabees selections
    3. KNOWLEDGE, BELIEF, AND SKEPTICISM
    A. KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERTISE
    Plato, Laches 189d-201c
    B. KNOWLEDGE AND TRUE BELIEF
    Plato, Meno 80a-86d, 96b-99e
    Plato, Theaetetus 200d-201c
    C. RELATIVISM
    Plato, Theaetetus 166e-172b, 177c-179b
    D. THE STRUCTURE OF A SYSTEM OF KNOWLEDGE
    Plato, Republic 475b-484a, 507b-511e, 514a-518d, 523a-525b, 531c-535a
    Aristotle, Posterior Analytics I, 1-3; II, 19
    Aristotle, Metaphysics I, 1-3; II, 1
    Aristotle, Parts of Animals I, 5
    E. KNOWLEDGE FROM EXPERIENCE
    Epicurus on Knowledge
    The Stoics on Knowledge
    F. SKEPTICISM
    Plato, Theaetetus 148c-151d
    Sextus Empiricus, Outlines of Pyrrhonism I, 1-30, 100-117;III, 1-12
    4. METAPHYSICAL QUESTIONS
    A. REALITY AND PARADOX
    Parmenides, The Way of Truth fragments 1-8
    Zeno of Elea, Arguments against Motion
    B. PLATO'S FORMS: FOR AND AGAINST
    Plato, Phaedo 73c-76e
    Plato, Phaedo 78c-79a
    Plato, Symposium 209e-212a
    Plato, Republic 596a-597e
    Plato, Parmenides 128e-135c
    Diogenes of Sinope, Lives of the Philosophers VI, 53
    The Stoics on Plato's Forms
    Aristotle, On Forms
    C. CAUSE AND EXPLANATION
    Hippocratic Writings, The Sacred Disease selections
    Plato, Phaedo 96a-101e
    Aristotle, On Coming-to-Be and Passing-Away II, 9
    Aristotle, Physics II, 3, 7-9
    Plutarch, Life of Pericles 6
    The Epicureans against Teleology
    D. TIME
    Aristotle, Physics IV, 10-11, 14
    The Stoics on Time
    Augustine, Confessions XI, selections
    5. HOW SHOULD YOU LIVE?
    A. THE STARTING POINT FOR ETHICAL REFLECTION
    Aristotle, Rhetoric I, 5 (extract)
    Herodotus, Histories I, 29-34
    B. THE FIRST THEORIES: VIRTUE AND HAPPINESS
    Democritus, Fragments on Ethics
    Plato, Gorgias, 468e-479e
    C. THE MAJOR THEORIES
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics I, 1,2,4,5,7-10
    The Stoics
    Cicero, On Final Ends III, 16-17, 20-26, 32-39, 42-71
    The Epicureans
    Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus 121-135
    Cicero, On Final Ends I, 29-33, 37-70
    D. DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS
    Plato, Theaetetus, 172b-177c
    The Gospel of Matthew 5, 2-20
    Plotinus, Enneads I, 4
    6. SOCIETY AND THE STATE
    A. IS NATURE OR CONVENTION THE BASIS OF SOCIETY AND THE STATE?
    Plato, Protagoras 320c-323c
    Antiphon the Sophist, Fragment 7
    Plato, Gorgias 482e-484c
    Plato, Crito 50a-54e
    Plato, Repubic 358c-360d
    Aristotle, Politics I, 2
    Aristotle, Politics III, 9
    Epicureans
    Epicurus, Principal Doctrines 31-38
    Diogenes of Oenoanda, Epicurean Inscription fragment 56
    Cicero, On Duties III, 37-39
    Stoicism
    Cicero, On Laws I, 17-35, 42-45
    B. POLITICAL RULE: EXPERTISE AND THE RULE OF LAW
    Twofold Arguments 7
    Plato0 Republic 488a-489c
    Plato, Statesman 291d-303b
    Aristotle, Politics I, 1; III, 4,11
    C. DEMOCRACY AND THE BEST FORM OF GOVERNMENT
    Herodotus, Histories III, 80-83
    The Old Oligarch
    Aristotle, Politics IV, 3,4,7-9.11
    Polybius, Histories, VI, 2
    Further Reading