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Cover

This Land Was Theirs

A Study of Native North Americans

Ninth Edition

Wendell H Oswalt

Publication Date - November 2008

ISBN: 9780195367409

544 pages
Paperback
6 1/2 X 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $89.95

Now in its ninth edition, this is the only book that includes current information based on the author's recent visits to each tribal group.

Description

This Land Was Theirs: A Study of Native North Americans, Ninth Edition, examines the traditional and contemporary lifeways of twelve North American Indian tribes. Ranging from the Netsilik hunters who straddle the Arctic Circle to the Natchez farmers of the lower Mississippi River area, the tribes represent each culture area and various levels of socioeconomic complexity among Native Americans. After introductory chapters devoted to pan-tribal issues, each chapter focuses on a specific group and culture area, providing students with a detailed portrait of the geographical and cultural adaptations of that region.

As he has done for previous editions, author Wendell H. Oswalt has visited virtually all of the extant groups discussed in the text in order to ensure an accurate record of the present-day situation.

Features of the Ninth Edition
*Each chapter on an extant tribal group now includes a table with a timeline summarizing the group's ethnohistory
*Includes an expanded section on the original peopling of the Americas
*Emphasizes the major issues band and tribal governments in North America face today
*Addresses the increasingly important diamond mining industry in Canada and the Subarctic
*Includes more than 150 illustrations and chapter-opening native poems or songs
*Offers expanded coverage of the Navajo, the transcontinental railroad's impact on Indian life, and contemporary issues encountered on reservations

Provides pedagogical aids including maps of each region discussed, a glossary, a pronunciation guide, and two appendices: a guide to artifacts and a list of additional resources for further study

About the Author(s)

Wendell H. Oswalt is Emeritus Professor of Anthropology at University of California, Los Angeles, where he taught for thirty-two years. His research has examined Native American cultures, with particular attention devoted to the Yupik-speaking Eskimos in southwestern Alaska and Inuit-speaking Eskimos in northern Alaska and Canada.

Previous Publication Date(s)

April 2005
July 2001
August 1998

Table of Contents

    Note: Each chapter ends with Additional Sources and a Selected Bibliography.
    Chapter 1: Learning about Native Americans
    Bison and Americans
    Indians in Popular Culture
    Who Is a Native American?
    Population Figures
    Where Did Native Americans Originate?
    Synopsis of Pre-Columbian Archaeology North of Mexico
    How Have Native American Cultures Been Studied?
    What Do Non-Natives Know about Indigenous American Languages?
    Grouping Tribes
    Chapter 2: Indian-Non-Indian Relations
    Early Contact
    Destruction and Displacement of Peoples
    U.S. Treaties
    Canada, the First Nations
    Greenland in Brief
    Administration of U.S. Indian Affairs
    The Dawes Act
    The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA)
    U.S. Taxation Highlights
    Federal Intrusion and Indian Identity
    Forces Fostering Native American Identity
    Pan-Indianism
    The Indian Image
    Powwows
    Recent History
    Political Activism
    Tribal Self-Determination
    Indians and Alcohol
    Reservation Gaming Operations
    Prominent Indians
    Smithsonian Institution
    Native Americans and Anthropologists
    Comparing Cultures
    Chapter 3: The Netsilik: Seal Hunting and Snowhouse Eskimos
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Material Culture
    The Subsistence Round
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    Religion
    Life Cycle
    Historical Developments
    Recent Changes
    Chapter 4: The Chipewyan: Subarctic Hunters
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Clothing
    Settlements and Manufactures
    Conveyances
    Household Life
    Subsistence Activities
    Social Dimensions
    Political Organization
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Supernaturalism
    Life Cycle
    Historical Developments
    Becoming Modern at Snowdrift (Lutselk'e, Lutsel K'e)
    The People and the Settlement
    Making a Living
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    The Belief System
    Contemporary Lutselk'e
    Addendum
    Chapter 5: The Lower Kootenai: Plateau Fishers and Hunters
    Traditional Life
    Origins Accounts
    Appearance and Artifacts
    Subsistence Cycle
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    Religion
    Life Cycle
    One-Standing-Lodge-Pole-Woman
    Historical Developments
    The Kootenai of Bonners Ferry, Idaho
    The Creston Area Kootenay
    Selected Comparisons: Bonners Ferry Kootenai and Creston Kootenay
    Similarities
    Chapter 6: The Western Shoshone: Subduers of the High Desert
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Material Culture and Subsistence
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    Religion
    Historical Developments
    The Battle Mountain Colony
    Rock Creek Canyon
    The Land Dispute
    Chapter 7: The Crow: Plains Raiders and Bison Hunters
    Baseline Ethnography
    Origins Account
    Appearance and Clothing
    Settlements
    Horses
    Subsistence Activities
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Warfare
    Political Life
    Religion
    Life Cycle
    Historical Developments
    Later History
    Federal Control
    Crow Fair
    Sun Dance
    Pentecostal Churches
    Tribal Government
    Little Big Horn College
    Other Dimensions
    Chapter 8: The Cahuilla: Gatherers in the Desert
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Manufactures and Settlements
    Subsistence Activities
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    Religion
    Life Cycle
    Historical Developments
    The Agua Caliente Band
    Land Disputes
    Women's Leadership Role
    Issues in the 1960s
    The Modern Scene
    Chapter 9: The Tlingit: Alaskan Salmon Fishers
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Appearance and Clothing
    Settlements
    Manufactures and Household Life
    Conveyances
    Subsistence Activities
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Crests and Totem Poles
    Political Life
    Religion and Supernaturalism
    Life Cycle
    Historical Developments
    Later History
    Brotherhoods
    Land Claims Settlements
    A Village Corporation
    Subsistence
    Further Pertinent Developments
    Chapter 10: The Hopi: Farmers of the Desert
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Appearance and Clothing
    Settlements and Manufactures
    Subsistence Activities
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    Religious System
    Life Cycle
    Historical Developments
    Becoming Modern
    Chapter 11: The Navajo: Transformations among a Desert People
    Background
    Historical Developments
    The Spanish and Pueblo Impact
    Anglo-American Control
    The Long Walk
    Earlier Reservation Years
    Origin Myth
    Appearance and Clothing
    Settlements and Manufactures
    The Subsistence Round
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Political Life
    Religion
    Life Cycle
    The Recent Past
    World War II
    The Native American Church
    The Contemporary Scene
    Alcohol
    Repatriations
    Mining
    Tourism
    Additional Issues
    Chapter 12: The Iroquois: Warriors and Farmers of the Eastern Woodlands
    Early Historic Life
    Origins Account
    Settlements and Manufactures
    Subsistence Activities
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Dreams
    Entertainment
    Political Life
    Warfare
    Religion
    False Face Society
    Historical Developments
    The New Religion
    Other Changes
    The Six Nations Reserve
    The New Religion: Recent Developments
    Recent Developments on the Reserve
    Residential School Mismanagement
    Skywalkers
    Sovereignty
    Chapter 13: The Eastern Cherokee: Farmers of the Southeast
    People, Population, and Language
    Ethnographic Background
    Origins Account
    Clothing and Appearance
    Settlements and Manufactures
    Subsistence Activities
    Gender Identity
    Descent, Kinship, and Marriage
    Social Dimensions
    Political Life
    Historical Developments
    The British and Slavery
    British Political Influence
    Warfare
    Religion
    American Revolution
    New Government
    The Trail of Tears
    The Eastern Band of Cherokee
    The Contemporary Scene
    Chapter 14: The Natchez: Sophisticated Farmers of the Deep South
    Traditional Life
    Origins Account
    Appearance and Clothing
    Settlements and Manufactures
    Subsistence Activities
    Sociopolitical Dimensions
    Warfare
    Religious System
    Ceremonies
    Shamans
    Life Cycle
    Tattooed Serpent's Oration
    Natchez History
    Additional Sources
    Selected Bibliography
    Chapter 15: Overviews
    Indian Gaming Highlights
    Federal Administration
    Relocation Programs
    Unrecognized Tribes
    Diabetes and Native Americans
    Indians as Environmentalists
    Tribalism
    National Museum of the American Indian
    Tribal Sovereignty
    Summarizing Thoughts
    Additional Sources
    Selected Bibliography
    Appendix A: A Material Culture Sample
    Appendix B: Additional Native American
    Resources
    Glossary
    Pronunciation Guide
    Name Index
    Subject Index