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Cover

Theorizing Feminisms

A Reader

Edited by Elizabeth Hackett and Sally Haslanger

Publication Date - November 2005

ISBN: 9780195150094

592 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $72.95

Ideal for interdisciplinary courses in feminist theory, this reader incorporates both classic and cutting-edge material to provide an overview of theoretical feminist writing about the quest for gender justice

Description

"What is sexist oppression?" "What should be done about it?" Organized around these questions, Theorizing Feminisms: A Reader provides an overview of theoretical feminist writing about the quest for gender justice. Incorporating both classic and cutting-edge material, the reader takes into account the full diversity of women, highlighting the effects of race, ethnicity, nationality, class, sexuality, and religion on women's experience.
Theorizing Feminisms is organized into four sections and includes fifty-four essays. The first section introduces several basic concepts commonly employed when thinking about sexism--oppression, social construction, essentialism, intersectionality, gender, race, and class--and also raises questions about the perspective and legitimacy of the theorist. The second section surveys three approaches that attempt to characterize in a general way the source of injustice toward women: humanist feminism ("the sameness approach"), gynocentric feminism ("the difference approach"), and dominance feminism. Offering an alternate perspective, the third section introduces two "localizing" approaches, grounded in postmodernism and identity politics, respectively. Skeptical of theories that attempt to analyze social phenomena across history and culture, authors in this section challenge, rather than answer, the text's organizing questions. The final section explores the relationship of feminist theory to three liberatory projects--postcolonialism, neo-materialism, and queer theory--that do not characterize themselves as feminist, yet take gender as a significant category of analysis. Each section opens with an introduction and each essay is followed by helpful study questions. The majority of the essays are presented in their entirety.
Theorizing Feminisms underscores the strong connection between feminist theory and practice by including essays that illustrate important political inspirations or applications of each theoretical approach. It also presents versions of the same approach from various points in history, revealing feminist theory to be dynamic and evolving, rather than static. Ideal for interdisciplinary courses in feminist theory, this volume will also serve as an invaluable reference for current and future generations of theorists.

Table of Contents

    Introduction
    Each section opens with an Introduction.
    SECTION I. BACKGROUND CONCEPTS
    OPPRESSION
    Iris M. Young, "Five Faces of Oppression"
    SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION
    Sally Haslanger, "Gender and Social Construction: Who? What? When? Where? How?"
    Susan Wendell, "The Social Construction of Disability"
    Trina Grillo, "Anti-Essentialism and Intersectionality: Tools to Dismantle the Master's House"
    EPISTEMIC POSITION
    Joanna Kadi, "Stupidity 'Deconstructed'"
    Patricia Hill Collins, "The Politics of Black Feminist Thought"
    Uma Narayan, "Cross-Cultural Connections, Border-Crossings, and 'Death by Culture'"
    Linda Alcoff, "The Problem of Speaking for Others"
    SECTION II. GENERAL APPROACHES TO SEX OPPRESSION
    THE SAMENESS APPROACH ("Humanist Feminism")
    Theoretical Frames
    John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women, Chapter 1
    Sojourner Truth, "Ar'n't I a Woman?"
    Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, Introduction
    Martha C. Nussbaum, "Human Capabilities, Female Human Beings"
    Contextual Studies
    Susan Schechter, "Social Change on Behalf of Battered Women: Reforming the Criminal Justice System"
    Amartya Sen, "More than 100 Million Woman Are Missing"
    Kimberlé Crenshaw, "Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color"
    THE DIFFERENCE APPROACH ("GYNOCENTRIC FEMINISM")
    Theoretical Frames
    Iris M. Young, "Humanism, Gynocentrism, and Feminist Politics"
    Jane Addams, "Women and Public Housekeeping"
    Audre Lorde, "Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power"
    Paula Gunn Allen, "Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism"
    Carol Gilligan, "Moral Orientation and Moral Development"
    Contextual Studies
    Carol P. Christ, "Why Women Need the Goddess: Phenomenological, Psychological, and Political Reflections"
    Alice Walker, "The Only Reason You Want to Go to Heaven Is That You Have Been Driven Out of Your Mind (Off Your Land and Out of Your Lover's Arms)"
    Sara Ruddick, "Notes Toward a Feminist Maternal Peace Politics"
    Vandana Shiva, "Women's Indigenous Knowledge and Biodiversity Conservation"
    THE DOMINANCE APPROACH
    Theoretical Frames
    Catharine MacKinnon, "Difference and Domination: On Sex Discrimination"
    Catherine MacKinnon, "Desire and Power" and "Sex and Violence: A Perspective"
    Emma Goldman, "Woman Suffrage"
    Sandre Lee Bartky, "Foucault, Femininity, and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power"
    Audre Lorde, "Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference"
    Contextual Studies
    John Stoltenberg, "Confronting Pornography as a Civil-Rights Issue"
    Lisa Duggan, Nan D. Hunter, and Carole S. Vance, "False Promises: Feminist Antipornography Legislation"
    Marilyn Frye, "Willful Virgin or Do You Have to Be a Lesbian to Be a Feminist?"
    bell hooks, "Seduced by Violence No More"
    SECTION III. LOCALIZING APPROACHES TO SEX OPPRESSION
    POSTMODERN FEMINISM
    Theoretical Frames
    Nancy Fraser and Linda J. Nicholson, "Social Criticism without Philosophy: An Encounter between Feminism and Postmodernism"
    Judith Butler, from Gender Trouble
    bell hooks, "Postmodern Blackness"
    Contextual Studies
    Sharon Marcus, "Fighting Bodies, Fighting Words: A Theory and Politics of Rape Prevention"
    Kate Bornstein, "Send in the Clowns"
    Susan Bordo, "Material Girl: The Effacements of Postmodern Culture"
    FEMINIST IDENTITY POLITICS
    Theoretical Frames
    Barbara Christian, "The Race for Theory"
    Combahee River Collective, "A Black Feminist Statement"
    Mari Matsuda, "On Identity Politics"
    Contextual Studies
    Gloria Anzaldúa, "La Conciencia de la Mestiza: Towards a New Consciousness"
    Angela Davis, "Mama's Got the Blues: Rivals, Girlfriends, and Advisors"
    Dorothy E. Roberts, "Punishing Drug Addicts Who Have Babies: Women of Color, Equality, and the Right of Privacy"
    SECTION IV. FEMINIST ALLIES?
    Nancy Fraser, "Multiculturalism, Antiessentialism, and Radical Democracy: A Genealogy of the Current Impasse in Feminist Theory"
    POSTCOLONIAL THEORY
    Leela Gandhi, "Postcolonialism and Feminism"
    Ann Laura Stoler, "Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Gender, Race, and Morality in Colonial Asia"
    NEO-MATERIALIST THEORY
    Iris M. Young, "Socialist Feminism and the Limits of Dual Systems Theory"
    Gwyn Kirk, "Standing on Solid Ground: A Materialist Ecological Feminism"
    QUEER THEORY
    Leslie Feinberg, "Walking Our Talk"
    Gayle S. Rubin, "Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality"
    Judith Butler, "Against Proper Objects"
    Evelynn Hammonds, "Black (W)holes and the Geometry of Black Female Sexuality"

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