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Cover

The Romans

From Village to Empire: A History of Rome from Earliest Times to the End of the Western Empire

Second Edition

Mary T. Boatwright, Daniel J. Gargola, Noel Lenski, and Richard J. A. Talbert

Publication Date - November 2011

ISBN: 9780199730575

624 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $54.95

Vividly written and accessible, the second edition of this bestselling survey of ancient Rome traces this remarkable civilization's evolution from village to empire

Description

"The Romans is currently the best textbook on Roman history available in English."--Walter Scheidel, Stanford University


How did a single village community in the Italian peninsula eventually become one of the most powerful imperial powers the world has ever known? In The Romans: From Village to Empire, Second Edition, Mary T. Boatwright, Daniel J. Gargola, Richard J.A. Talbert, and new coauthor Noel Lenski explore this question as they guide students through a comprehensive sweep of Roman history, ranging from the prehistoric settlements to the fall of the empire in 476. Addressing issues that still confront modern states worldwide--including warfare, empire building, consensus forging, and political fragmentation--the authors also provide glimpses into everyday Roman life and perspective, demonstrating how Rome's growth as a state is inseparable from its social and cultural development.

Vividly written and accessible, The Romans, Second Edition, traces Rome's remarkable evolution from village, to monarchy, to republic, to one-man rule by an emperor--whose power at its peak stretched from Scotland to Iraq and the Nile Valley--to the empire's fall in 476. Firmly grounded in ancient literary and material sources, the text describes and analyzes major political and military landmarks, from the Punic Wars, to Caesar's conquest of Gaul and his crossing of the Rubicon, to the victory of Octavian over Mark Antony, and through Constantine's adoption of Christianity. Featuring two new chapters (13 and 14), the second edition extends the book's coverage through the rise of Christianity, the growth of the Barbarian threat, the final years of the empire, its fall in 476, and, finally, to its revival in the East as Byzantium. This edition also combines chapters 1 and 2 into one--"Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome"--and integrates more material on women, religion, and cultural history throughout.

Ideal for courses in Roman history and Roman civilization, The Romans, Second Edition, is enhanced by two new 8-page, 4-color inserts and almost 100 extensively captioned illustrations. It also includes more than 30 ancient maps, revised and improved under the supervision of coauthor Richard J. A. Talbert, and textual extracts that provide fascinating cultural observations made by ancient Romans themselves. A new Image Bank CD contains PowerPoint-based slides of all the photos and maps in the text.

New to this Edition

  • Timeline of the book has been expanded by about 150 years, down at least to the fall of the empire in 476
  • Chapters 1 & 2 have been combined to form one chapter
  • Chapters 13 and 14 are new
  • Now features two 8-page full color inserts

Previous Publication Date(s)

July 2004

Reviews

"The Romans is currently the best textbook on Roman history available in English."--Walter Scheidel, Stanford University

"This text is a very straightforward and organized full-length treatment of Roman history. It balances historical narrative with excellent explanations for terms and concepts that are unfamiliar to students . . . it succeeds marvelously at reaching its audience."--Vanessa B. Gorman, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

"This is the best textbook on Roman history that I have read. It is very well conceived, thorough, and well written. While the different voices and interests of the four contributors are indeed 'detectible' in the textbook's different sections, it is obvious that a great deal of effort has been expended to make the whole work cohere. The maps are excellent and the captions for the well-chosen illustrations are really helpful to the reader."--Guy MacLean Rogers, Wellesley College

"The Romans presents a unified narrative voice despite having been written by four authors. The narrative flows seamlessly throughout the text from beginning to end. In addition, the maps and their captions are both useful and informative."--Debra L. Nousek, University of Western Ontario

"This is a very good introduction to ancient Roman history. It is clear and engaging, and the numerous pedagogical devices are well conceived and quite helpful for the beginner."--Carlos F. Norena, University of California, Berkeley

"The Romans, in general, is of outstanding quality. It provides a coherent narrative of Roman history with a strong emphasis on the development of the Roman state. The writing style is extremely clear and lively, making for an engaging read."--Denise Demetriou, Michigan State University

"This is the best textbook for students coming to Roman history for the first time. Its main qualities are an attractive and varied presentation, balance in the material, and readability . . . the writing style is attractive and clear."--Brian McGing, Trinity College, Dublin

Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    Maps
    Figures
    Plates
    Preface to the Second Edition
    Preface to the First Edition
    Acknowledgments
    Notes to the Reader
    About the Authors
    1. ARCHAIC ITALY AND THE ORIGINS OF ROME
    Italy and the Mediterranean World
    The Evidence
    Italy Before the City
    Greeks and Phoenicians in the Central Mediterranean
    The Rise of Cities
    Beginning of Writing
    Appearance of an Elite
    Cities and Monumental Architecture
    Warfare in the Orientalizing and Archaic Periods
    Social and Economic Organization
    Greeks and Etruscans
    Greek Cities of Southern Italy and Sicily
    Etruscans
    The Emergence of Rome
    The Romans and Their Early History
    Table 1.1 Dates of Rome's Kings According to Varro
    Source 1.1 Plutarch, Romulus
    Politics and Society under the Kings
    Rome and the Latins
    2. REPUBLICAN ROME AND THE CONQUEST OF ITALY
    The Early Republic
    Rome and Its Neighbors in the Fifth Century
    Struggle of the Orders
    Fall of Veii and the Sack of Rome
    The City and Its Institutions in the Fourth Century
    Officials
    Senate
    Assemblies of Citizens
    Source 2.1 Servius Tullius' Creation of the Census (Livy)
    Table 2.1 Roman Assemblies
    The City, Its Gods, and Its Priests
    Source 2.2 The Roman Games (Dionysius of Halicarnassus)
    Rome and Central Italy
    Warfare and the Civic Order
    Rome in Latium and Campania
    Samnite Wars
    Expansion of Roman Control Over Italy
    Wars in Central and Northern Italy
    Conquest of the South
    War and the Roman State
    3. THE BEGINNINGS OF A MEDITERRANEAN EMPIRE
    Sources
    The Nobility and the City of Rome
    Source 3.1 Triumph of Scipio Africanus (Appian)
    Wars with Carthage
    First Punic War (264-241)
    Second Punic War (218-201)
    * Source 3.2 Rome's Reaction to Defeat at Cannae
    A Mediterranean Empire
    Governors, Provinces, and Empire
    Spain
    Greece and Asia Minor
    * Source 3.3 Popillius Laenas Forestalls Antiochus' Invasion of Egypt (Polybius)
    North Africa
    4. ITALY AND EMPIRE
    Senators, Officials, and Citizen Assemblies
    Italy and the Consequences of Empire
    Changing Relations Between Rome, Its Municipia, and Allies
    Roman and Italian Elites
    Source 4.1 Scipio Africanus' Army Loots Carthago Nova (Polybius and Livy)
    Demographic and Economic Changes
    Roman Politics from the Mid-Second Century
    Scipio Aemilianus
    Tiberius Gracchus
    * Source 4.2 Tiberius Gracchus Urges Romans to Support his Land-Assignment Scheme (Plutarch)
    Gaius Gracchus
    5. ITALY THREATENED, ENFRANCHISED, DIVIDED
    Changes in Roman Society
    War with Jugurtha (112-105)
    Italy Threatened from the North (113-101)
    * Source 5.1 A Spanish People Surrenders to Rome
    Changes in the Roman Army
    Marius' Career in Roman Politics
    Source 5.2 Marius' Bid for the Consulship (Sallust)
    Sixth Consulship of Marius and Second Tribunate of Saturninus (100)
    Administration of the Provinces
    Tribunate of Livius Drusus (91)
    Social War (91-87)
    Tribunate of Sulpicius Rufus (88)
    Sulla's First March on Rome (88)
    Cinna's Rule (87-84)
    Sulla's Second March on Rome (83-83)
    6. THE DOMINATION OF SULLA AND ITS LEGACY
    Sulla's Proscriptions (82-81)
    Sulla the Dictator and His Program (82-81)
    Senate
    Tribunate
    Equites, Courts
    Citizens
    Governors
    Verdicts on Sulla's Program
    Source 6.1 Cicero's Defense of Sextus Roscius
    Lepidus' Uprising and Its Aftermath (78-77)
    Challenge from Sertorius in Spain (80-73)
    Source 6.2 Pompey's Letter from Spain (Sallust)
    Spartacus's Slave Revolt (73-71)
    Consulship of Crassus and Pompey (70)
    Pompey Frees the Mediterranean of Pirates (67)
    Threat from King Mithrades VI of Pontus
    Sulla's Campaign Against Mithridates (87-85)
    Lucullus' Struggle with Mithridates (74-67)
    Pompey's Defeat of Mithridates (66-63)
    Roles of Cassus and Cicero in Rome (65-63)
    Caitline's Uprising (63-62)
    7. END OF THE REPUBLIC: CAESAR'S DICTATORSHIP
    Sources
    Pompey's Return from the East (62)
    Pompey and Political Stalemate in Rome
    Partnership of Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
    Caesar's First Consulship (59)
    Clodius' Tribunate (58)
    Cicero's Recall and the Renewal of the Triumvirate (57-56)
    Caesar's Campaigns in Gaul (58-51)
    Death of Clodius and Pompey's Sole Consulship (52)
    Prospect of Civil War (51-49)
    Causes and Consequences of Caesar Crossing the Rubicon (January 49)
    Cicero's Governorship of Cilicia (51-50)
    Civil War Campaigns (49-45)
    Caesar's Activity as Dictator (49-44)
    Caesar's Impact Upon the City of Rome
    Political Prospects for Rome, and for Caesar
    8. AUGUSTUS AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE ROMAN WORLD
    Reactions to the Assassination of Caesar (44-43)
    Emergence of a Second Triumvirate (43)
    Battle of Philippi (42)
    Source 8.1 Laudatio Turiae
    Perusine War (41-40)
    Elimination of Sextus Pompey and Lepidus (39-36)
    Antony in the East (42 onwards)
    Clash Between Antony and Octavian (36-30)
    Octavian as Sole Ruler (30 Onwards)
    "The Republic Restored"
    Second Settlement (23)
    The Roman Family in the Augustan Period
    Succession
    Table 8.1 The Julio-Claudian Family
    Senate and Equites
    Army
    The Empire and Its Expansion
    Source 8.2 Oath of Loyalty
    Latin Literature in the Late Republic and Augustan Age
    City of Rome
    Attitudes Outside Rome
    Res Gestae of Augustus
    Augustus: Final Assessment
    9. THE EARLY PRINCIPATE (A.D. 14-69): THE JULIO-CLAUDIANS, THE CIVIL WAR OF 68-69, AND LIFE IN THE EARLY EMPIRE
    Sources
    The Julio-Claudian Emperors: Civil Government and Military Concerns
    Tiberius (14-37)
    Source 9.1 Senatorial Decree Concerning the Elder Gnaeus Piso
    Gaius (Caligula) (37-41)
    Claudius (41-54)
    Source 9.2 Claudius' Speech on the Admission of Gauls to the Senate
    Nero (54-68)
    Civil War in 68-69: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian
    Economic and Social Change: Army
    Economy
    Intellectual Life
    "Beneficial Ideology"
    Cities and Provinces
    Women
    Diversity: Local Languages and Culture
    Religious Practices and Principles
    Imperial Cult
    10. INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE PRINCIPATE: MILITARY EXPANSION AND ITS LIMITS, THE EMPIRE AND THE PROVINCES (69-138)
    Sources
    Institutionalization of the Principate
    Vespasian (69-79)
    Titus (79-81)
    Domitian (81-96)
    A New, Better Era?
    Nerva (96-98)
    Trajan (98-117)
    Table 10.1 The Antonine Family
    Hadiran (117-138)
    Source 10.1 Hadrian Inspects Troops at Lambaesis, Numidia
    Roman Cities and the Empire's Peoples
    Theaters and Processions
    Circuses and Chariot Racing
    The Amphitheather, and Gladitorial Games
    Other Urban Amenities
    Education
    State Religion and Imperial Cult
    11. ITALY AND THE PROVINCES: CIVIL AND MILITARY AFFAIRS (138-235)
    Sources
    Antoninus Pius (138-161)
    Marcus Aurelius (161-180) and Lucius Verus (161-169)
    Source 11.1 A Greek Provincial Praises Roman Citizenship
    Source 11.2 Morbidity and Mortality in the Roman Empire
    Commodus (176-192, Ruling as Sole Augustus After 180)
    Civil War and the Rise of Septimus Severus (193-211)
    Table 11.1 The Severan Family
    Source 11.3 Deification Ceremonies for Pertinax in Septimus Severus' Rome
    Caracalla (198-217, Ruling as Sole Augustus After 211)
    Macrinus (217-218)
    Elagabalus (218-222)
    Severus Alexander (222-235)
    Roman Law
    Roman Citizenship
    Source 11.4 Grant of Roman Citizenship (Tabula Banasitana)
    Rome and Christianity
    Source 11.5 Pliny, Trajan, and Christians
    12. THE THIRD-CENTURY CRISIS AND THE TETRARCHIC RESTABILIZATION
    Sources
    Mid-Third Century
    Aurelian (270-275)
    Diocletian, the Tetrarchy, and the Dominate (284-305)
    Dissolution of the Tetrarchy (305-313), and the Rise of Constantine (306-324)
    Source 12.1 Galerius' Edict of Toleration (April 311)
    Administrative Reorganization Under the Dominate
    Source 12.2 The Tetrarchs Introduce Their Edict on Maximum Prices
    * 13. THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY AND THE GROWTH OF THE BARBARIAN THREAT (324-395)
    Sources
    Constantine: A Christian Emperor
    The Sons of Constantine (337-361): The Power of Dynasty
    Table 13.1 The Constantinian Family
    Julian (361-363): A Test of the Christian Empire
    Source 13.1 Julian Attempts to Bring Paganism into Line with Christianity
    Jovian, Valentinian I, and Valens (363-378)
    Gratian, Valentinian II, and Theodosius I (379-395)
    New Elites for the Empire
    Paganism and Christianity
    Source 13.2 The End of Pagan Sacrifice
    * 14. THE FINAL YEARS OF THE WESTERN EMPIRE AND ROME'S REVIVAL IN THE EAST
    Sources
    The Theodosian Dynasty to the First Sack of Rome (395-410)
    Table 14.1 The Theodosian Family
    The Fall of the Western Empire (410-476)
    Source 14.1 The Gothic King Athaulf's Shifting Attitude toward Rome
    The Growth of a Byzantine Empire in the East (408-491)
    A Christian Culture
    Source 14.2 Holy Land Pilgrimage and the Cult of Relics
    Women's Power in Late Antiquity
    The "Decline and Fall" of the Roman Empire
    Timeline
    Glossary
    Principal Ancient Authors
    Art Credits
    Gazeteer
    Index

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