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Cover

The Fossil Trail

How We Know What We Think We Know About Human Evolution

Second Edition

Ian Tattersall

Publication Date - November 2008

ISBN: 9780195367669

352 pages
Paperback

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $39.95

Extensively revised and updated, the second edition of The Fossil Trail: How We Know What We Think We Know About Human Evolution offers a colorful history of fossil discoveries and a revealing insider's look at how these finds have been interpreted--and misinterpreted--through time.

Description

Extensively revised and updated, the second edition of The Fossil Trail: How We Know What We Think We Know About Human Evolution offers a colorful history of fossil discoveries and a revealing insider's look at how these finds have been interpreted--and misinterpreted--through time. It covers the dramatic increase in the size and scope of the human fossil record as well as new techniques for analyzing and interpreting that record that have emerged in the thirteen intervening years since the first edition's publication. Author Ian Tattersall, Curator in the Division of Anthropology of the American Museum of Natural History, places the researchers and their discoveries within the context of their social and scientific milieus and reveals the many forces that shape our interpretation of fossil findings.

The Fossil Trail provides an up-to-the-minute overview of paleoanthropological thought and discovery and presents our "family tree" as it is portrayed in the Spitzer Hall of Human Origins at the American Museum of Natural History.
New to the Second Edition

*Revisions throughout bring this edition thoroughly up to date
*New chapters: Chapters 17 and 18 include a discussion of the state of paleoanthropology as the first decade of the 21st century concludes and thoughts on the future of the field
*A new gallery of maps of major fossil sites, in Western Europe, Central Europe, the Caucasus and Near East, East Asia, Northern Africa, and Southern Africa
*Updated opening timeline includes the stratigraphic ranges of twenty-three hominid species
*In addition to over 90 high quality fossil renderings, new photographs illustrate new findings in the field

About the Author(s)

Ian Tattersall is Curator of the Division of Anthropology and Co-Curator of the Spitzer Hall of Human Origins at the American Museum of Natural History.

Previous Publication Date(s)

January 1997

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Preface to the First Edition
    Abbreviations
    Site Map of Western Europe
    Site Map of Central Europe
    Site Map of The Caucusus and the Near East
    Site Map of East Asia
    Site Map of Northern Africa
    Site Map of Southern Africa
    Chapter 1: Before Darwin
    Time and the Diversity of Life
    Enter the Antiquarians
    Paleontology
    Neanderthal Debut
    Chapter 2: Darwin and After
    Natural Selection
    Early Disquisitions on Neanderthals
    Antiquarianism Transforms into Archaeology
    Evolving Notions of Early Humans
    Chapter 3: Pithecanthropus
    Java Man
    Changing Views of the Neanderthals
    Chapter 4: The Early Twentieth Century
    Genetics and Species
    The Hominid Fossil Record Grows
    Dawson's Dawn Man
    The "Neanderthal Phase of Man"
    Chapter 5: Out of Africa
    Australopithecus
    Peking Man
    Back to Java
    Chapter 6: . . . Always Something New
    International Aceptance
    A Prophet in His Own Country . . .
    African Genesis
    Olduvai Gorge
    Outside Africa
    Chapter 7: The Synthesis
    A Remarkable Convergence
    Population Thinking
    Paleoanthropology Capitulates
    Radiometric Dating
    The Record Expands and Stereotypes Fall
    Chapter 8: Olduvai Gorge
    Zinjanthropus
    "Jonny's Child"
    A Dating Revolution
    Handy Man
    Collegial Mutterings
    Chapter 9: Rama's Ape Meets the Mighty Molecule
    A New Hominid
    A Top-Heavy Edifice
    Enter the Molecules
    What Is a Hominid?
    Chapter 10: Omo and Turkana
    Hominid Catastrophism and the Single-Species Hypothesis
    The Omo and Ethiopia
    Koobi Fora and the Turkana Basin
    The Artifactual Record
    More From Koobi Fora
    Chapter 11: Hadar, Lucy, and Laetoli
    Hadar, Lucy, and the First Family
    Bodo and Laetoli
    One Species or Two?
    A Stem Hominid?
    Bipeds and Climbers?
    Why Bipedality?
    Chapter 12: Theory Intrudes
    Phyletic Gradualism or Punctuated Equilibria?
    Reluctant Acceptance
    Reconstructing Phylogeny
    Scenarios and Trees
    Chapter 13: Eurasia and Africa: The Record Grows
    The Chinese Record
    Homo heidelbergensis
    Complex Lifeways
    Archaeological Transition
    East and South
    Chapter 14: Turkana and Olduvai--Again
    The "Turkana Boy"
    Back to Olduvai
    The Unthinkable Thought
    The Black Skull
    Graciles and Robusts
    Faunal Turnover
    Chapter 15: The Caveman Vanishes
    Understanding the Caves
    Diverse Records
    A Complex Picture
    Experimental Archaeology
    Other Influences
    The Neanderthal View of the World
    Chapter 16: Candelabras and Continuity
    The Multiregional Model
    The Diversity Perspective
    A Single Origin
    The Mighty Mitochondrion
    Refinements in Dating
    Levantine Coexistence
    Chapter 17: Another Fin de Siècle
    Diet and Isotopes
    Neanderthal Environmental Preferences
    The Neanderthal Body
    DNA from Neanderthals
    Hybrid Red Herrings
    High-Tech Morphometry
    Atapuerca: A Fossil Cornucopia
    Diversity Among Early Europeans
    Out of Africa for the First Time
    Moving East
    "African Homo erectus": More Diversity?
    Early Homo sapiens?
    Evo-Devo
    A "Human Revolution"?
    "Adams" and "Eves"
    The Mysterious Hominid of Flores
    Chapter 18: Back to the Beginning
    A Veritable Menu of Earliest Hominids
    Millennium Man
    Sahelanthropus
    Back to Kenya
    More Entrants
    Hadar Again
    A Tale of Two Skeletons
    A New "Robust"
    Isotopes Again
    New Australopiths from Ethiopia
    Homo Revisited
    Prospects
    Chapter 19: So, Where Are We?
    Systematics--The Key to Understanding the Hominids
    Becoming Human
    Epilogue
    Bibliography
    Index