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Cover

The Communist Experience in the Twentieth Century

A Global History through Sources

Glennys Young

Publication Date - July 2011

ISBN: 9780195366907

480 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $34.95

The first sourcebook that looks at communist history from a global perspective

Description

Using a source-based approach, The Communist Experience in the Twentieth Century is the first text designed to help students, general readers, and scholars understand how people constructed Communist ways of life around the world. Taking a global approach, it extends beyond Russia and Eastern Europe to examine the lives of people in China, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Kyrgyzstan, Algeria, Peru, Cuba, and elsewhere. The book provides an inside look at the Communist experience, where people were--sometimes simultaneously so--enthusiasts, reshapers, resisters, and victims of an ideological project that was (and, for some, still is) both humanity's darkest nightmare and brightest hope. Since the collapse of Communist regimes beginning in 1989, vital questions--about how people subjectively experienced Communism, helped to shape it, and constructed an idea of "self" in such restrictive environments--have not lost their political significance. In fact, just the opposite holds true. The opening of many formerly closed Communist archives has given scholars the opportunity to research the political significance that the construction of the self had across Communist regimes, polities, and movements. Incorporating the latest scholarship, The Communist Experience in the Twentieth Century includes previously unavailable documents, such as diaries and letters, which are now accessible as a result of the archival revolution. A photo essay, "Everyday Life and Everyday Things under Socialism, 1945-1989," uses visual evidence to explore everyday life across the Communist civilizations. A locator map at the beginning of each chapter identifies the places associated with each of the sources, and a chronology provides a comparative timeline for Communist and world history.

About the Author(s)

Glennys Young is Associate Professor of History and International Studies and the Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of History at the University of Washington. She is the author of Power and the Sacred in Revolutionary Russia: Religious Activists in the Village (1997), which was awarded an Honorable Mention for the Hans Rosenhaupt Memorial Book Award of the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation.

Reviews

"With prodigious effort, Glennys Young has assembled a treasury of documents that illuminate the lives of ordinary and extraordinary people who joined or were marked by the twentieth century's attempt to overcome capitalism. This superb collection covers the globe and tells stories that need to be remembered."--Ronald Grigor Suny, University of Michigan

"This is a much-needed book! The Communist Experience moves not just between nations but between continents to convey the rich range of rhythms, dilemmas, pleasures and sorrows of daily life in state socialist settings. As topically eclectic as it is geographically far-flung, Young's book will be a god-send to many different kinds of teachers."--Jeffrey Wasserstrom, University of California, Irvine

"This groundbreaking collection will reconfigure our understanding of the experiences of ordinary people who fashioned extraordinary lives for themselves in Communist societies around the world. Young paints a remarkably vivid portrait of 'communisms' and their subjects. . . . a book rich in insight and perspective."--Anand Yang, University of Washington

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    Introduction
    List of Maps
    List of Illustrations
    Chronology: Twentieth-Century World History and the History of Communism
    1. Becoming a Communist
    2. Children of the Revolutions
    3. Varieties of Communist Subjects: Beyond the Ordinary
    4. Ideology and Self-Fashioning
    5. Contesting the Meaning of State Violence and Repression
    6. Everyday Life I: Work
    7. Everyday Life, II: Space
    8. Everyday Life, III: Are We Having Fun Yet? Entertainment, Sports, and Travel
    PHOTO ESSAY
    9. Search for the Self and the Fall of Communism
    10. Taking Stock: Reckoning with Communism's Pasts
    Suggestions for Further Reading, and Additional Resources
    Index
    Thematic Table of Contents
    Education
    Document 1.1 Russia: Semen Kanatchikov (1879-1940) on his circuitous road to Marxism
    Document 1.3 United States of America: Angelo Herndon (1913-1997) on his first exposure to Communism
    Document 1.7 Latin America: Testimonies from members of Peru's Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 2.1 Spain/USSR, Late 1930s: Letters by Spanish children evacuated during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) (Letters are addressed to family and friends in Spain, 1938)
    Document 2.2 China, Late 1940s: An orphan of China's War with Japan tries to make sense of Communism
    Document 2.3 Cambodia, 1975-1979: Childhood under the Khmer Rouge
    Document 2.4 North Korea: A child and his aquarium during deportation to a concentration camp
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 2.6 Peru: Testimony from a child conscripted by the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 3.3 Kazakhstan, USSR: A Chinese student reflects on his role in the Soviet Union's virgin lands campaign in 1958
    Document 4.1 USSR: The politics of self-presentation in the 1921 autobiography of a Communist Party member.
    Document 4.2 St. Louis, 1948: A Communist Party cell puts Document 4.5 Czechoslovakia, 1968: Students explain to workers and farmers why they are on strike, and why their strike is Document 4.6 China, 1966-76: Contesting the official meaning of China's Document 5.1 USSR: A Soviet teenager (Nina Sergeevna Lugovskaya, 1918-1993) grapples with the meaning of violence in 1934 in Stalinist Russia
    Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Figure 6.1 Cuban Poster. Document 6.1 Moscow, 1928: A Chinese student in the USSR grapples with Love, Sex, Labor, and the building of Socialism
    Document 6.3 East Germany, June 17, 1953: Workers (and others!) against the Document 6.5 Bratislava, June 1963: The Document 6.7 Leningrad/St. Petersburg, Early 1980s/Early 1990s/Early 2000s: Alexei Rybin (1960- ), the guitarist for the Soviet rock band Kino, on the meaning of work and other things
    Document 7.1 Timi?oara, Romania: University students, Document 7.2 Nowa Huta (Figure 8.1 Photograph of Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007)
    Document 8.1 Kyrgystan: Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007) on becoming a star of the Kyrgyz Stage and screen
    Document 8.2 A former Chinese student (Huang Jian, a.k.a. Yura Huanpin, 1927- ) in the USSR on what sports meant for his life and for socialism
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 8.6 USSR 1970s and 1980s: Inventing Soviet Rock 'n' roll
    Discovering the Beatles: Vsevolod Gakkel of the Soviet Rock Band Akvarium
    Document 9.1 Poland 1988-89: The Document 9.6 Ukraine, 1990: Salomea Pavlychko (1958-1999) on a self in flux amidst political uncertainty and economic hardship
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist past for a post-communist political career
    Document 10.2 A historian from the former East Germany (Hartmut Zwahr, born 1936) on complicity, responsibility, and victimization
    Document 10.3 Bratislava, Slovakia, 2007: A philosophy student at Comenius University on the spectre a new Document 10.5 An Italian Communist (Nicola Vendola, born 1958) on the pre-1991 communism of his youth, and the post-1991 communism of his "

    Ethnicity, Race, and National Identity
    Document 1.3 United States of America: Angelo Herndon (1913-1997) on his first exposure to Communism
    Document 1.4 Vietnam: Xuan Phong (1929- ) on her attraction to Vietnamese Communism
    Document 1.5 Algeria: Henry Alleg (1921- ) on clandestine Communist activities during World War II
    Document 1.6 Poland: Jacek Kuro? (1934-2004) on the appeal of Communism after World War II
    Figure 1.2 People-many of them African-Americans--at a Communist rally against unemployment in Kansas City, Missouri, most likely in 1931
    Document 2.1 Spain/USSR, Late 1930s: Letters by Spanish children evacuated during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) (Letters are addressed to family and friends in Spain, 1938): Emiliano Aza, letter from Odessa of 31 January 1938
    Document 2.2 China, Late 1940s: An orphan of China's war with Japan tries to make sense of Communism
    Document 2.5 Havana, early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.3 Kazakhstan, USSR: A Chinese student reflects on his role in the Soviet Union's virgin lands campaign in 1958
    Document 4.2 St. Louis, 1948: A Communist Party cell puts Document 4.3 Bulgaria, 1949-1981: A regional Communist Party leader on resistance to collectivization-and its Document 4.4 Cuba, 1960s: Luis M. Garcia (1959- ) on folk and Document 4.5 Czechoslovakia, 1968: Students explain to workers and farmers why they are on strike and why their strike is Ch. 5 Introduction Contesting the Meaning of State Violence and Repression
    Document 5.3 Hungary, 1956: A (University) students reacts to the USSR's violent suppression of the Hungarian Revolution
    Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Document 6.1 Moscow, 1928: A Chinese student in the USSR grapples with love, sex, labor, and the building of socialism
    Document 6.3 East Germany, June 17, 1953: Workers (and others!) against the Document 6.4 China, Great Leap Forward (1957-1961): Recollections of a local cadre (Wang Fucheng, 1923- ) and his wife (Wang Xianghua)
    Document 6.5 Bratislava, June, 1963: The Document 7.1 Timi?oara, Romania: University students, Document 7.3 Vietnam, 1946-1949: Organic space, human space, and the Viet Minh's guerilla war against the French.
    Document 7.5 The USSR, Late 1960s: Soviet pensioners try to leave the Kommunalka (Communal apartment) for a room or rooms of their own
    Figure 8.1 Photograph of Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007)
    Document 8.1 Kyrgystan: Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007) on becoming a star of the Kyrgyz Stage and screen
    Document 8.2 A former Chinese student (Huang Jian, a.k.a. Yura Huanpin, 1927- ) in the USSR on what sports meant for his life and for socialism
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 9.3 A West German (Hans-Ulrich Treichel, born in 1952) grapples with the meaning of the fall of the Berlin Wall
    Document 9.4 Yugoslavia, 1989-1990: A scholar (Josip %Sentija) on identity, self, and the Croatian nation
    Document 9.5 Romania: László Tókés (1952- ), the pastor whose resistance helped to galvanize the fall of Romania's Communist regime, reflects on the events of December, 1989 in Timi?oara
    Document 9.6 Ukraine, 1990: Salomea Pavlychko (1958-1999) on a self in flux amidst political uncertainty and economic hardship
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Document 10.2 A historian from the former East Germany (Hartmut Zwahr, born 1936) on complicity, responsibility, and victimization
    Figure 10.2 A still from the filming of Document 10.3 Bratislava, Slovakia, 2007: A philosophy student at Comenius University on the spectre a new Document 10.4 A Estonian writer, poet, and politician, Jaan Kaplinski (born 1941), on global capitalism as a new Document 10.5 An Italian Communist (Nicola Vendola, born 1958) on the pre-1991 communism of his youth, and the post-1991 communism of his "

    Family and Home Life
    Document 1.1 Russia: Semen Kanatchikov (1879-1940) on his circuitous road to Marxism
    Document 1.2 China: Xiao Ke (1909-????) writes his life into the Marxist understanding of history
    Document 1.4 Vietnam: Xuan Phong (1929- ) on her attraction to Vietnamese Communism
    Document 1.4 Vietnam: Xuan Phong (1929- ) on her attraction to Vietnamese Communism
    Document 1.7 Latin America: Testimonies from members of Peru's Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 2.1 Spain/USSR, Late 1930s: Letters by Spanish children evacuated during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) (Letters are addressed to family and friends in Spain, 1938)
    Document 2.2 China, Late 1940s: An orphan of China's war with Japan tries to make sense of Communism
    Document 2.3 Cambodia, 1975-1979: Childhood under the Khmer Rouge
    Document 2.4 North Korea: A child and his aquarium during deportation to a concentration camp
    Document 2.5 Havana, early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 2.6 Peru: Testimony from a child conscripted by the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.2 USSR: Harry Whyte, an ordinary British Communist, challenges Stain on homosexuality
    Document 3.4 Lithuania, 1940s-2004: A Lithuanian mother reflects on her disabled son's life
    Document 3.6 Havana, Cuba, 1994: Document 4.1 USSR: The politics of self-presentation in the 1921 autobiography of a Communist Party member
    Document 4.2 St. Louis, 1948: A Communist Party cell puts Document 4.3 Bulgaria, 1949-1981: A regional Communist Party leader on resistance to collectivization-and its Document 4.4 Cuba, 1960s: Luis M. Garcia (1959- ) on folk and Document 4.6 China, 1966-76: Contesting the official meaning of China's Document 5.1 USSR: A Soviet Teenager (Nina Sergeevna Lugovskaya, 1918-1993) grapples with the meaning of political violence in 1934 in Stalinist Russia
    Document 5.2 Spain, 1937: Robert Hale Merriman (1908-1938), an American University student and volunteer commander in the international brigades during the Spanish Civil War
    Document 5.3 Hungary, 1956: A (University) student reacts to the USSR's violent suppression of the Hungarian Revolution
    Document 5.5 Leipzig, East Germany, September, 1989: A Lutheran pastor uses biblical passages to condemn state violence and counsel non-violence
    Document 6.2 USSR, 1929-1934: Labor and its meaning during Stalin's Document 6.4 China, Great Leap Forward (1957-1961): Recollections of a local cadre (Wang Fucheng, 1923- ) and his wife (Wang Xianghua)
    Document 6.5 Bratislava, June, 1963: The Document 6.6 Poland, 1982: Polish workers generate a common knowledge of how to resist on an everyday basis
    Document 7.1 Timi?oara, Romania: University students, Document 7.2 Nowa Huta (Document 7.3 Vietnam, 1946-1949: Organic space, human space, and the Viet Minh's guerilla war against the French.
    Document 7.5 The USSR, Late 1960s: Soviet pensioners try to leave the Kommunalka (Communal apartment) for a room or rooms of their own
    Figure 8.1 Photograph of Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007)
    Document 8.1 Kyrgystan: Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007) on becoming a star of the Kyrgyz Stage and screen
    Document 8.2 A former Chinese student (Huang Jian, a.k.a. Yura Huanpin, 1927- ) in the USSR on what sports meant for his life and for socialism
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 8.4 East Germany, Late 1940s, Early 1950s: A young jazz fan trades on the black market to dress in a Document 8.5 Croatia/Yugoslavia, 1996, 1950s, 1960s: On travel from a land of socialism to one of capitalism, and back
    Document 8.6 USSR, 1970s and 1980s: Inventing Soviet rock 'n' roll: Discovering the Beatles: Vsevolod Gakkel of the Soviet Rock Band Akvarium
    Document 9.1 Poland, 1988-89: The Document 9.5 Romania: László Tókés (1952- ), the pastor whose resistance helped to galvanize the fall of Romania's Communist regime, reflects on the events of December, 1989 in Timi?oara
    Ch 10 Introduction Taking Stock: Reckoning with Communism's Past
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Figure 10.2 A still from the filming of Document 10.5 An Italian Communist (Nicola Vendola, born 1958) on the pre-1991 communism of his youth, and the post-1991 communism of his "

    Internationalizing the Revolution
    Document 1.2 China: Xiao Ke (1909-????) writes his life into the Marxist understanding of history
    Document 1.4 Vietnam: Xuan Phong (1929- ) on her attraction to Vietnamese Communism
    Document 1.5 Algeria: Henri Alleg (1921- ) on clandestine Communist activities during World War II
    Document 1.6 Poland: Jacek Kurón (1934-2004) on the appeal of Communism after World War II
    Document 1.7 Latin America: Testimonies from members of Peru's Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 2.1 Spain/USSR, Late 1930s: Letters by Spanish children evacuated from Spain to the USSR during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) (Letters addressed to family and friends in Spain, 1938)
    Document 2.2 China, Late 1940s: An orphan of China's war with Japan tries to make sense of Communism
    Document 2.3 Cambodia, 1975-1979: Childhood under the Khmer Rouge
    Document 2.4 North Korea: A child and his aquarium during deportation to a concentration camp
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.2 USSR, 1934: Harry Whyte, an ordinary British Communist, challenges Stalin on homosexuality
    Document 3.3 Kazakhstan, USSR: A Chinese student reflects on his role in the Soviet Union's virgin lands campaign in 1958
    Document 3.4 Lithuania, 1940s-2004: A Lithuanian mother reflects on her disabled son's life.
    Document 4.2 St. Louis, 1948: A Communist Part Cell puts Document 4.3 Bulgaria, 1949/1981: A regional Communist Party leader on resistance to collectivization-and its Document 4.4 Cuba, 1960s: Luis M. Garcia (1959- ) on folk and Document 4.5 Czechoslovakia, 1968: Students explain to workers and farmers why they are on strike, and why their strike is Document 4.6 China, 1966-76: Contesting the official meaning of China's Document 5.2 Spain, 1937: Robert Hale Merriman (1908-1938), an American University student and volunteer commander in the international brigades during the Spain Civil War
    Document 5.3 Hungary, 1956: A (University) student reacts to the USSR's violent suppression of the Hungarian Revolution
    Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Document 6.1 Moscow, 1928: A Chinese student in the USSR grapples with love, sex, labor, and the building of socialism
    Document 6.3 East Germany, June 17, 1953: Workers (and others!) against the Document 6.4 China, Great Leap Forward (1957-1961): Recollections of a local cadre (Wang Fucheng, 1923- ) and his wife (Wang Xianghua)
    Document 6.5 Bratislava, June, 1963: The Document 7.1 Timi?oara, Romania: University students, Document 7.2 Nowa Huta (Document 7.3 Vietnam, 1946-1949: Organic space, human space, and the Viet Minh's guerilla war against the French.
    Document 8.2 A former Chinese student (Huang Jian, a.k.a. Yura Huanpin, 1927- ) in the USSR on what sports meant for his life and for socialism
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 8.4 East Germany, Late 1940s, Early 1950s: A young jazz fan trades on the black market to dress in a Document 8.5 Croatia/Yugoslavia, 1996, 1950s, 1960s: On travel from a land of socialism to one of capitalism, and back
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Document 10.2 A historian from the former East Germany (Hartmut Zwahr, born 1936) on complicity, responsibility, and victimization
    Document 10.4 A Estonian writer, poet, and politician, Jaan Kaplinski (born 1941), on global capitalism as a new Document 10.5 An Italian Communist (Nicola Vendola, born 1958) on the pre-1991 communism of his youth, and the post-1991 communism of his "

    Law and Justice
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Figure 2.2 A Peruvian youth-part of one of the peasant self-defense forces (rondas campesinas)-holds a sawed-off shotgun.
    Document 2.6 Peru: Testimony from a child conscripted by the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.2 USSR, 1934: Harry Whyte, an ordinary British Communist, challenges Stalin on homosexuality
    Document 3.5 East Germany: Letter of 1988 from a working group on homosexuality in a Protestant Church in the city of Halle to the East German Ministry of the Interior
    Figure 4.1 Japanese Election Poster, April 16, 1946
    Document 4.5 Czechoslovakia, 1968: Students explain to workers and farmers why they are on strike, and why their strike is Document 5.1 USSR: A Soviet Teenager (Nina Sergeevna Lugovskaya, 1918-1993) grapples with the meaning of political violence in 1934 in Stalinist Russia
    Figure 5.1 Shaming a Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Document 5.5 Leipzig, East Germany, September, 1989: A Lutheran pastor uses biblical passages to condemn state violence and counsel non-violence
    Document 6.3 East Germany, June 17, 1953: Workers (and others!) against the Document 6.6 Poland, 1982: Polish workers generate a common knowledge of how to resist on an everyday basis
    Document 6.7 Leningrad/St. Petersburg, Early 1980s/Early 1990s/Early 2000s: Alexei Rybin (1960- ), the guitarist for the Soviet rock band Kino, on the meaning of work and other things
    Document 8.5 Croatia/Yugoslavia, 1996, 1950s, 1960s: On travel from a land of socialism to one of capitalism, and back
    Document 9.1 Poland, 1988-89: The Document 9.2 East Germany, September-October, 1989: The emergence of Document 9.6 Ukraine, 1990: Salomea Pavlychko (1958-1999) on a self in flux amidst political uncertainty and economic hardship
    Ch 10 Introduction Taking Stock and Reckoning with Communism's Pasts
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Document 10.4 A Estonian writer, poet, and politician, Jaan Kaplinski (born 1941), on global capitalism as a new Document 10.5 An Italian Communist (Nicola Vendola, born 1958) on the pre-1991 communism of his youth, and the post-1991 communism of his "

    Religion
    Document 1.1 Russia: Semen Kanatchikov (1879-1940) on his circuitous road to Marxism
    Document 1.3 United States of America: Angelo Herndon (1913-1997) on his first exposure to Communism
    Document 1.4 Vietnam: Xuan Phong (1929- ) on her attraction to Vietnamese Communism
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.5 East Germany: Letter of 1988 from a working group on homosexuality in a Protestant Church in the city of Halle to the East German Ministry of the Interior
    Figure 5.1 Shaming a Document 5.3 Hungary, 1956: A (University) student reacts to the USSR's violent suppression of the Hungarian Revolution
    Figure 5.4 Document 5.5 Leipzig, East Germany, September, 1989: A Lutheran pastor uses biblical passages to condemn state violence and counsel non-violence
    Document 6.5 Bratislava, June, 1963: The Document 7.1 Timi?oara, Romania: University students, Figure 8.1 Photograph of Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007)
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 8.4 East Germany, Late 1940s, Early 1950s: A young jazz fan trades on the black market to dress in a Document 9.4 Yugoslavia, 1989-1990: A scholar (Josip %Sentija) on identity, self, and the Croatian nation
    Document 9.6 Ukraine, 1990: Salomea Pavlychko (1958-1999) on a self in flux amidst political uncertainty and economic hardship
    Document 10.2 A historian from the former East Germany (Hartmut Zwahr, born 1936) on complicity, responsibility, and victimization
    Document 10.3 Bratislava, Slovakia, 2007: A philosophy student at Comenius University on the spectre a new
    Resistance to Communist States and Movements
    Ch 1 Introduction Becoming a Communist
    Document 1.7 Latin America: Testimonies from members of Peru's Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Figure 2.2 A Peruvian youth-part of one of the peasant self-defense forces (rondas campesinas)-holds a sawed-off shotgun.
    Document 2.6 Peru: Testimony from a child conscripted by the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 3.4 Lithuania, 1940s-2004: A Lithuanian mother reflects on her disabled son's life.
    Document 3.5 East Germany: Letter of 1988 from a working group on homosexuality in a Protestant Church in the city of Halle to the East German Ministry of the Interior
    Document 3.6 Havana, Cuba, 1994: Document 4.3 Bulgaria, 1949/1981: A regional Communist Party leader on resistance to collectivization-and its Document 4.5 Czechoslovakia, 1968: Students explain to workers and farmers why they are on strike, and why their strike is Figure 5.1 Shaming a Document 5.1 USSR: A Soviet Teenager (Nina Sergeevna Lugovskaya, 1918-1993) grapples with the meaning of political violence in 1934 in Stalinist Russia
    Document 5.3 Hungary, 1956: A (University) student reacts to the USSR's violent suppression of the Hungarian Revolution
    Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Figure 5.3 Pictured is one of the victims of the Chinese army crackdown of 3-4 June
    Document 5.5 Leipzig, East Germany, September, 1989: A Lutheran pastor uses biblical passages to condemn state violence and counsel non-violence
    Figure 5.4 Document 6.3 East Germany, June 17, 1953: Workers (and others!) against the Document 6.5 Bratislava, June, 1963: The Document 6.6 Poland, 1982: Polish workers generate a common knowledge of how to resist on an everyday basis
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 8.4 East Germany, Late 1940s, Early 1950s: A young jazz fan trades on the black market to dress in a Document 8.5 Croatia/Yugoslavia, 1996, 1950s, 1960s: On travel from a land of socialism to one of capitalism, and back
    Ch 9 Introduction Search for the self and the fall of Communism
    Figure 9.1 This street plaque, which commemorates the events of October 9, 1989 in Leipzig, is located in the paved area next to St. Nicholas Church
    Document 9.1 Poland, 1988-89: The Document 9.2 East Germany, September-October, 1989: The emergence of Document 9.3 A West German (Hans-Ulrich Treichel, born in 1952) grapples with the meaning of the fall of the Berlin Wall
    Figure 9.2 Pictured is one of the victims of state violence in Timi?oara, where the Romanian Revolution of 1989 began in December.
    Document 9.5 Romania: László Tókés (1952- ), the pastor whose resistance helped to galvanize the fall of Romania's Communist regime, reflects on the events of December, 1989 in Timi?oara
    Document 9.6 Ukraine, 1990: Salomea Pavlychko (1958-1999) on a self in flux amidst political uncertainty and economic hardship
    Figure 10.1 Banner at outdoor exhibit, "
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Figure 10.2 This image is a still from the filming of
    Surveillance
    Document 1.1 Russia: Semen Kanatchikov (1879-1940) on his circuitous road to Marxism
    Document 1.7 Latin America: Testimonies from members of Peru's Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 2.3 Cambodia, 1975-1979: Childhood under the Khmer Rouge
    Document 2.4 North Korea: A child and his aquarium during deportation to a concentration camp
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 2.6 Peru: Testimony from a child conscripted by the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.4 Lithuania, 1940s-2004: A Lithuanian mother reflects on her disabled son's life.
    Document 4.6 China, 1966-76: Contesting the official meaning of China's Document 5.1 USSR: A Soviet Teenager (Nina Sergeevna Lugovskaya, 1918-1993) grapples with the meaning of political violence in 1934 in Stalinist Russia
    Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Document 5.5 Leipzig, East Germany, September, 1989: A Lutheran pastor uses biblical passages to condemn state violence and counsel non-violence
    Document 6.6 Poland, 1982: Polish workers generate a common knowledge of how to resist on an everyday basis
    Document 7.5 The USSR, Late 1960s: Soviet pensioners try to leave the Kommunalka (Communal apartment) for a room or rooms of their own: Letter of 1966 from Aleksei Stepanovich Zlobin to the chair of the Leningrad City Soviet, V. IA. ISAEV
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean communists
    Document 8.4 East Germany, Late 1940s, Early 1950s: A young jazz fan trades on the black market to dress in a Document 8.6 USSR, 1970s and 1980s: Inventing Soviet rock 'n' roll
    Document 9.1 Poland, 1988-89: The Document 9.5 Romania: László Tókés (1952- ), the pastor whose resistance helped to galvanize the fall of Romania's Communist regime, reflects on the events of December, 1989 in Timi?oara
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Document 10.2 A historian from the former East Germany (Hartmut Zwahr, born 1936) on complicity, responsibility, and victimization
    Women
    Ch 1 Introduction Becoming Communist
    Document 1.4 Vietnam: Xuan Phong (1929- ) on her attraction to Vietnamese Communism
    Document 1.5 Algeria: Henri Alleg (1921- ) on clandestine Communist activities during World War II
    Document 1.7 Latin America: Testimonies from members of Peru's Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 2.1 Spain/USSR, Late 1930s: Letters by Spanish children evacuated from Spain to the USSR during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) (Letters addressed to family and friends in Spain, 1938)
    Document 2.2 China, Late 1940s: An orphan of China's war with Japan tries to make sense of Communism
    Document 2.3 Cambodia, 1975-1979: Childhood under the Khmer Rouge

    Document 2.4 North Korea: A child and his aquarium during deportation to a concentration camp
    Document 2.5 Havana, Early 1960s: Childhood in Castro's Cuba
    Document 2.6 Peru: Testimony from a child conscripted by the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)
    Document 3.1 USSR, 1930s-1940s: Homer Smith (1910-1972) on being an African-American in the Soviet Union
    Document 3.4 Lithuania, 1940s-2004: A Lithuanian mother reflects on her disabled son's life.
    Document 4.2 St. Louis, 1948: A Communist Part Cell puts Document 4.3 Bulgaria, 1949/1981: A regional Communist Party leader on resistance to collectivization-and its Document 4.4 Cuba, 1960s: Luis M. Garcia (1959- ) on folk and Document 4.6 China, 1966-76: Contesting the official meaning of China's Document 5.1 USSR: A Soviet Teenager (Nina Sergeevna Lugovskaya, 1918-1993) grapples with the meaning of political violence in 1934 in Stalinist Russia
    Document 5.3 Hungary, 1956: A (University) student reacts to the USSR's violent suppression of the Hungarian Revolution
    Document 5.4 China, 1989: Chinese writers on state violence before and after the massacre on Tiananmen Square
    Document 5.5 Leipzig, East Germany, September, 1989: A Lutheran pastor uses biblical passages to condemn state violence and counsel non-violence
    Document 6.1 Moscow, 1928: A Chinese student in the USSR grapples with love, sex, labor, and the building of socialism
    Document 6.2 USSR, 1929-1934: Labor and its meaning during Stalin's Document 6.3 East Germany, June 17, 1953: Workers (and others!) against the Document 6.4 China, Great Leap Forward (1957-1961): Recollections of a local cadre (Wang Fucheng, 1923- ) and his wife (Wang Xianghua)
    Document 7.1 Timi?oara, Romania: University students, Document 7.2 Nowa Huta (Document 7.3 Vietnam, 1946-1949: Organic space, human space, and the Viet Minh's guerilla war against the French.
    Document 7.5 The USSR, Late 1960s: Soviet pensioners try to leave the Kommunalka (Communal apartment) for a room or rooms of their own: Letter of 1966 from Aleksei Stepanovich Zlobin to the chair of the Leningrad City Soviet, V. IA. ISAEV
    Figure 8.1 Photograph of Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007)
    Document 8.1 Kyrgyzstan: Sabira Kumushalieva (1917-2007) on becoming a star of the Kyrgyz stage and screen
    Document 8.2 A former Chinese student (Huang Jian, a.k.a. Yura Huanpin, 1927- ) in the USSR on what sports meant for his life and for socialism
    Document 8.3 Seoul, Korea, 1950: Working as an actress for the North Korean Communists
    Document 8.4 East Germany, Late 1940s, Early 1950s: A young jazz fan trades on the black market to dress in a Document 8.5 Croatia/Yugoslavia, 1996, 1950s, 1960s: On travel from a land of socialism to one of capitalism, and back
    Document 8.6 USSR, 1970s and 1980s: Inventing Soviet rock 'n' roll: Discovering the Beatles: Vsevolod Gakkel of the Soviet Rock Band Akvarium
    Document 9.1 Poland, 1988-89: The Document 9.2 East Germany, September-October, 1989: The emergence of Document 9.5 Romania: László Tókés (1952- ), the pastor whose resistance helped to galvanize the fall of Romania's Communist regime, reflects on the events of December, 1989 in Timi?oara
    Document 9.6 Ukraine, 1990: Salomea Pavlychko (1958-1999) on a self in flux amidst political uncertainty and economic hardship
    Document 10.1 A former assistant (Manfred Uschner, 1937-2007) of the East German Communist Party's Central Committee Secretary writes his Communist part for a post-Communist political career
    Document 10.2 A historian from the former East Germany (Hartmut Zwahr, born 1936) on complicity, responsibility, and victimization