We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Cover

State and Local Government

Sustainability in the 21st Century

Christopher A. Simon, Brent S. Steel, and Nicholas P. Lovrich

Publication Date - July 2010

ISBN: 9780199752003

400 pages
Paperback
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $79.95

An accessible and engaging introduction that examines the social, economic, institutional, and environmental factors that promote or threaten the sustainability of today's state and local governments

Description

State and Local Government: Sustainability in the 21st Century examines the social, economic, institutional, and environmental factors that promote or threaten the sustainability of today's state and local governments.

Ideal for students who are approaching the subject for the first time, this accessible and engaging introduction covers all of the essential issues faced by contemporary state and local governments. Representing three generations of teaching and scholarship, authors Christopher A. Simon, Brent S. Steel, and Nicholas P. Lovrich provide students with a broad range of perspectives. They draw on a variety of current materials including their own research, the work of distinguished scholars, and the latest literature in the field.

State and Local Government also contains a variety of helpful pedagogical tools:

* "How to Get Involved" boxes suggest various ways that students can follow--and actively participate in--their state and local governments.
* Chapter introductions help students to identify key concepts right from the start of each selection.
* Key Terms and end-of-chapter Study Questions reinforce chapter material and promote active learning.
* Informative images provide students with visual cues for recalling chapter content.

Designed to facilitate and encourage lifelong civic engagement, State and Local Government: Sustainability in the 21st Century speaks directly to today's college students. This is especially important because their generation will determine whether we meet the challenge of sustainability or continue to slide toward irretrievable environmental damage. This timely and provocative volume is ideal for courses in state and local government and can also be used as a supplemental text for courses in public policy, environmental policy, and public administration.

About the Author(s)

Christopher A. Simon is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Master of Public Administration Program at the University of Utah.

Brent S. Steel is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Master of Public Policy Program at Oregon State University.

Nicholas P. Lovrich is Director of the Division of Governmental Studies and Services at Washington State University.

Table of Contents

    Preface

    1. INTRODUCTION AND THEMES
    a. Introduction
    b. Forces Facing State and Local Governments
    i. Demographic Change
    ii. Urbanization
    iii. Globalization and Economic Change
    iv. Technological Change
    v. Value Change
    vi. Environmental Change and Concern

    c. Sustainable and Resilient States and Communities
    d. Summary and Book Outline

    2. FEDERALISM
    a. Introduction
    b. Units of Government
    c. Historic Roots of Federalism
    d. Advantages of Federalism
    e. Potential Challenges Facing Federalism
    f. Models of Federalism
    i. Dual Federalism
    ii. Cooperative Federalism
    iii. Pragmatic Federalism
    iv. Non-Centralized Federalism

    f. 21st Century Network Approaches to Federalism
    g. Conditions for Sustainable Federalism
    h. Conclusion

    3. THE NEW MARGINS: SUSTAINABILITY
    a. Innovation
    b. Infrastructure Renewal
    i. Water and Waste Systems
    ii. Government Buildings
    iii. Urban Redevelopment
    c. Resource Management and Development: Energy and Environment
    i. Surveying Needs and Potential
    ii. New Innovations
    iii. Commitment Development
    iv. Case Studies

    d. Livability
    i. Eldercare Issues
    ii. Clean Cities
    iii. Social Capital
    iv. Case Studies


    4. ACTORS AND THE POLICY PROCESS
    a. Introduction
    b. Political Participation in Postindustrial America
    c. Interest Groups
    d. Social Movements
    e. Citizens
    f. Initiative and Referenda
    g. Media
    h. Corporations and Economic Interests
    i. Political Parties and Elections
    j. Governmental Structures and the Policy Process
    k. A Review of Policy Models
    l. Conclusion

    5. STATE CONSTITUTIONS
    a. Introduction
    b. Purpose of State Constitutions
    c. Content of State Constitutions: Diversity and Similarities
    d. Changing Constitutions
    i. Legislative Proposals
    ii. Constitutional Convention
    iii. Constitutional Commission
    iv. Role of the Courts
    e. Constitutional Amendment Trends
    f. Constitutions and Sustainability
    g. Conclusion

    6. LEGISLATURES
    a. Introduction
    b. State Legislatures
    c. Functions of State Legislatures
    d. Variation in State Legislatures
    e. Local Government Legislatures
    f. Legislatures and Sustainability
    g. Conclusion

    7. EXECUTIVES
    a. Introduction
    b. Governors
    i. Terms of Office and Eligibility
    ii. Term Limits
    iii. Governor's Office

    c. Secretary of State
    d. Attorney General
    e. State Treasurer
    f. Superintendent of Public Instruction
    g. Local Government Executives
    i. County Commissions
    ii. Special Districts

    h. Municipal Governments
    i. Strong Mayor-Council
    ii. Weak Mayor-Council
    iii. Municipal Commission
    iv. City Managers

    i. Executives and Sustainability
    j. Conclusion

    8. COURTS
    a. Introduction
    b. State Court Systems
    c. How State Courts Work
    d. Trial Courts
    e. Appellate Courts
    f. Courts of Last Resort
    g. Problem Solving Courts
    h. Judicial Selection
    i. Current and Future Challenges
    j. Courts and Sustainability

    9. STATE AND LOCAL BUREAUCRACY AND ADMINISTRATION
    a. Introduction
    b. What is Bureaucracy?
    c. Moving from Bureaucracy to Administration as a System
    d. Networks to Somewhere: The Intertwined Process of Administrative Governance
    e. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities of the 21st Century Administrator
    f. Women and Minorities in Public Administration
    g. E-Government
    h. Volunteers, Non-Profits, and Administration
    i. Historical Trends in State and Local Employment
    j. Salaries in State and Local Government
    k. Administration, Governance, and Innovation
    l. Sustainable Bureaucracies
    m. Conclusion

    10. BUDGETING AND SUSTAINABILITY
    a. Introduction
    b. Why Do We Budget?
    c. Generic Budgeting Processes
    i. Preparation of Estimates
    ii. Executive Budget Compiled and Submitted to Legislative Body
    iii. Legislative Body Deliberations and Budget Approval
    iv. Budget Execution
    v. Post-Audit

    d. Sustainable Budgeting and Sources of Revenue
    i. Preparation of Estimates
    ii. Sales and Gross Receipts Taxes
    iii. Personal Income Tax
    iv. License Fees
    v. Corporate Income Taxes
    vi. Severance Taxes

    e. Revenue: Past and Future
    f. Federal Grants for Sustainability and Community Development
    g. Federal Grants for Transportation
    h. Federal Grants for the Least Benefited Public Health and Income Security
    i. Federal Grants for Children, Families, and Veterans
    j. Federal Funding for Programs of Hope and Corrections
    k. State and Local Budget Expenditures
    l. Budget Reforms
    m. Budget Focus: Five Areas of Future State and Local Budget Need
    i. Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation
    ii. Climate Change Impacts
    iii. Infrastructure Renewal
    iv. Bio-Equity
    v. Technology and Innovation

    n. Conclusion

    11. ENTITLEMENTS
    a. Introduction
    b. Background and Types of Entitlements
    c. Entitlements
    d. Public Assistance
    e. Health care
    f. Medicare and Medicaid
    g. State Children's Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP)
    h. Unemployment Compensation
    i. Conclusion: The Relationship Between Entitlements and Sustainability

    12. TRADITIONAL AND VISIBLE SERVICES: CRIMINAL JUSTICE, EDUCATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
    a. Introduction
    b. Criminal Justice
    c. Education
    d. Transportation
    e. Emergency Management
    f. Services and Sustainability
    g. Conclusion

    Glossary (by Kirsten Winters)
    Internet Resources
    Footnotes

Teaching Resources

Supplements include a Companion Website (www.oup.com/us/simon) as well as a comprehensive Test Bank for instructors.

Related Titles