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Cover

Readings in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Selections from Primary Sources

Ronald Wetherington

Publication Date - January 2011

ISBN: 9780195386875

224 pages
Paperback
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $64.95

The only collection of primary source readings on the history of evolutionary theory from pre-Socratic times to the present

Description

This collection of primary source readings covers the history of evolutionary theory from its roots in Classical Greece to the present. Beginning with excerpts from Plato and Aristotle, the volume proceeds chronologically through the time of Darwin and ends with a look at the revolutions in thought--such as evolutionary development biology--that carry the evolutionary narrative from Darwin to the current day.

Wetherington begins each chapter with an overview that contextualizes the selections it contains. Vivid biographical sketches at the beginning of each reading illuminate the authors and the oeuvre out of which each work arose. These overviews and sketches are designed to assist students in drawing historical distinctions and parallels between the preceding and succeeding units of the book, while discussion questions at the end of each unit allow students to apply the history of evolutionary theory to their own lives. Suggestions for further reading are also provided so that students can pursue their study of evolutionary theory outside of the classroom.

About the Author(s)

Ronald K. Wetherington is Professor of Anthropology at Southern Methodist University, where he is also the Director of the Center for Teaching Excellence. He is the author of Understanding Human Evolution (1992) and The Ceramics of Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala (1978).

Reviews

"The idea of a topical discussion of evolutionary theory based on actual writings of the time is excellent and adds an important and often overlooked historical context to the discourse." --Agustin Fuentes, University of Notre Dame

"[Readings in the History of Evolutionary Theory] represents an original contribution to the history of evolutionary thought, and its inclusion of and commentary on historical texts make this a valuable classroom resource..."--David Daegling, University of Florida

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Introduction
    Chapter 1. Roots of Science
    I. Classical Greece
    Plato
    Dialogues: Phaedo
    Dialogues: Timaeus
    Laws, Bk VI
    Republic, Bk V
    Hippocrates
    Airs, Waters, Places, Para 14
    Aristotle
    On the Heavens, Bk I, Ch 3
    On the Soul, Bk I, Ch 1
    On the Soul, Bk I, Ch 2
    On the Parts of Animals, Bk I, Ch 5
    Metaphysics, Bk V, Part 28
    The History of Animals, Bk VIII, Part 1
    On the Generation of Animals, Bk I, Ch 17-18
    The History of Animals, Bk VIII, Ch 28
    The History of Animals, Bk V, Ch 1
    Physics, Bk II, Ch 8
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    II. Medieval Society and Science
    St. Augustine of Hippo
    City of God, Bk XI, Ch 4
    City of God, Bk XII, Ch 10
    Roger Bacon
    On Experimental Science
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    III: The Mechanical World of the 16th Century
    Nicholas Copernicus
    On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies, Dedication
    On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies
    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Of the Deluge and of Marine Shells
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 2. The 17th Century: Public Science and the New Methodologies
    Francis Bacon
    Novum Organum, Vol. III, Preface
    Novum Organum, Vol. III, Bk II
    On the Proficience and Advancement of Learning, Vol I, Bk II
    Novum Organum, Vol. III, Bk I
    René Descartes
    Rules for the Direction of the Mind
    Isaac Newton
    Optics, Bk III, Part 1
    Voltaire
    Letter XIV: On Descartes and Sir Isaac Newton
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 3. 17th Century: Reconciling Past and Present
    Nicholas Steno
    The Prodromus
    John Ray
    The Correspondence of John Ray
    Experiments Concerning the Motion of the Sap in Trees
    Further Correspondence of John Ray
    Thomas Burnet
    The Sacred Theory of the Earth
    William Harvey
    Anatomical Exercises on the Generation of Animals
    Introduction
    Ex. 1
    Ex. 25
    Ex. 33
    Ex. 45
    Ex. 50
    Ex. 56
    Robert Hooke
    Micrographia
    Lectures and Discourses on Earthquakes and Subterranean Eruptions
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 4. 18th Century Enlightenment: Classification and Description
    Charles Bonnet
    The Contemplation of Nature, Vol. I
    The Contemplation of Nature, Vol. II
    Carolus Linnaeus
    Reflections on the Study of Nature
    Lachesis Lapponica (Travels to Lapland), Vol. 1
    Comte de Buffon
    Histoire Naturelle, Vol. 1
    Histoire Naturelle, Vol. 2
    Histoire Naturelle, Vol. 3
    Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
    On the Natural Varieties of Mankind
    Contributions to Natural History, Part 1
    James Hutton
    Abstract of a Dissertation read in the Royal Society of Edinburgh
    Theory of the Earth, Vol. I, Part II
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 5. 18th Century Enlightenment: Evolution and Progress
    Erasmus Darwin
    Zoonomia, Vol. 1
    Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
    Zoological Philosophy
    William Paley
    Natural Theology
    Thomas Malthus
    An Essay on the Principle of Population
    Adam Smith
    An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Bk 1, Ch 8
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 6. Early 19th Century: The Road to Darwin
    Georges Cuvier
    Essay on the Theory of the Earth
    Memoirs of Baron Cuvier, R. Lee
    Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
    Anatomical Philosophy
    Memoirs sur l'organísatíon des insectes
    Richard Owen
    On the Archetype and Homologies of the Vertebrate Skeleton
    Charles Lyell
    Principles of Geology, Vol I
    Principles of Geology, Vol II
    Principles of Geology, Vol III
    Robert Chambers
    Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, Ch 12
    Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, Ch 14
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 7. The Age of Darwin, I: The Beagle
    Charles Darwin
    Correspondence related to the appointment
    (Francis Darwin, ed.) Life & Letters of Charles Darwin. . .
    Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (1)
    Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited (1)
    The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Part III: Birds
    Darwin's Ornithological Notes (1836).
    The Voyage of the Beagle, Ch. 17: Galapagos Archipelago (Journal of researchesEL2)
    Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (2)
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 8. The Age of Darwin, II: After the Voyage
    Barlow, Nora ed. 1958.
    The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809-1882 (1)
    Herbert, Sandra, ed. 1980.
    The red notebook of Charles Darwin. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History)
    de Beer, Gavin ed. 1960.
    Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part I. First notebook [B]
    Barlow, Nora ed. 1958.
    The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809-1882 (2)
    Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
    The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 6: 1856-1857.
    The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 7: 1858-1859 (1).
    The Darwin-Wallace Papers: Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society
    Introduction by Lyell and Hooker
    I. Extract from an unpublished Work on Species, by C. Darwin, Esq., etc.
    II. Abstract of a Letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, etc.
    III. On the Tendency of Varieties to depart indefinitely from the Original Type.
    Alfred Russel Wallace.
    Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
    The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 7: 1858-1859 (2).
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 9. The Age of Darwin, III: The Origin
    Darwin, C. R., On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, . . .
    Chapter II: Variation Under Nature
    Chapter III: Struggle for Existence
    Chapter IV: Natural Selection
    Chapter VI: Difficulties on Theory
    Chapter XIV: Recapitulation and Conclusion
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 10. The Age of Darwin, IV: The Aftermath
    Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
    The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 7: 1858-1859
    Owen, Richard, [Anonymous]
    Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
    The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 8: 1860-1861
    Wilberforce, Samuel [Anonymous]
    On the Origin of Species, etc. Quarterly Review, 1860
    The Oxford Confrontation
    Letter 2852 - Hooker, J.D. to Darwin, C.R., 2 July 1860
    Huxley, Thomas, [Anonymous]
    Jenkin, Fleeming
    St. George Mivart
    On the Genesis of Species. London: MacMillan and Co. (1871)
    Darwin, C. R.
    The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. 1
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 11. Early 20th Century: The Rise of Genetics and the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Gregor Mendel
    Experiments in Plant Hybridization
    George H. Hardy
    Mendelian proportions in a mixed population
    Thomas Hunt Morgan
    The Scientific Basis of Evolution
    Vitalist Theories
    George Gaylord Simpson
    The Meaning of Evolution
    Ernst Mayr
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 12. Beyond Biology: Social Darwinism and Eugenics
    Herbert Spencer
    William Graham Sumner
    The Challenge of Facts and Other Essays
    The Rise of Eugenics
    Francis Galton
    Buck v. Bell
    274 U.S. 200, Buck v. Bell, Opinion of the Court
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 13. Evolution and Religion Revisited: Creationism
    Stephen Jay Gould
    Phillip Johnson
    Michael Ruse
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 14. Nature-Nurture Revisited: the Rise of Sociobiology
    Trivers, Robert L.
    Hamilton, W. D. (1964)
    Trivers, Robert L.
    Wilson, Edward O.
    David Sloan Wilson and Edward O. Wilson
    Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Chapter 15. Current Challenges to the Synthetic Theory
    Niche Construction
    Day, Rachel L., Kevin N. Laland, and John Odling-Smee
    Evo-Devo
    Darwin, Charles
    On the origin of species by means of natural selection, . . . (1859), Chapter 13
    Bateson, William
    Materials for the Study of Variation, treated with especial regard to discontinuity in the origin of species. New York: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    Carroll, Sean B.
    Shubin, Neil, Cliff Tabin, and Sean Carroll
    Grenier, Jennifer K., et al.
    A Final Word
    Gould, Stephen Jay, Ideas to Think About
    For Further Reading
    Works Cited