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Cover

Readings in Medieval Philosophy

Edited by Andrew B. Schoedinger

Publication Date - April 1996

ISBN: 9780195092936

864 pages
Paperback
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $82.95

Description

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, this unique anthology presents fifty-four readings--many of them not widely available--by the most important and influential Christian, Jewish, and Muslim philosophers of the Middle Ages. The text is organized topically, making it easily accessible to students, and the large selection of readings provides instructors with maximum flexibility in choosing course material.
Each thematic section is comprised of six chronologically arranged readings. This organization focuses on the major philosophical issues and allows a smooth introduction to the material. The topics covered are: (1) The Existence of God, (2) Ethics and the Problem of Evil, (3) God's Foreknowledge and Free Will, (4) Theology, (5) Political Philosophy, (6) Knowledge and Sensation, (7) Universals, (8) Logic and the Philosophy of Language and (9) Physics. Each text is preceded by a biographical note on the author and a brief analytical introduction. Unlike other anthologies, which present sources as a series of truncated excerpts, this collection avoids intrusive editing and includes many selections in their entirety, thus preserving the rich flavor of the medieval mind at work.

Table of Contents

    PART I: THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
    1. The Free Choice of the Will, Book II, Chapters 3-15, St. Augustine
    2. The Proof of God's Existence from The Metaphysica of Avicenna, Avicenna
    3. Proslogium, Preface and Chapters I-IV; An Appendix in Behalf of the Fool by Gaunilon and Anselm's Apologetic, St. Anselm and Gaunilon
    4. The Trinity, Or The First Principle, Chapters I-III, William of Auvergne
    5. Summa Theologica Part I: Question I, Articles 1 and 2; Question II, Articles 1, 2 and 3, St, Thomas Aquinas
    6. "On the Existence of God" from A Treatise on God as First Principle, John Duns Scotus
    PART II: ETHICS AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
    7. "The Nature of Evil" from The Divine Names, Chapter Four, Pseudo-Dionysius
    8. The Improvement of the Moral Qualities, Solomon Ibn Gabirol
    9. Ethics, Prologue and Chapters I-XVI, Peter Abelard
    10. Laws Concerning Character Traits, Moses Maimonides
    11. "Disputed Questions Concerning Evil" from De Malo; Question One, Articles 1-4 and Question Three, Article 1, St.Thomas Aquinas
    12. God and Creatures; The Quodlibetal Questions; Question 18, Articles I-III, John Duns Scotus
    PART III: GOD'S FOREKNOWLEDGE AND FREE WILL
    13. The Consolation of Philosophy, Book V, Boethius
    14. Foreknowledge and Free Choice, Chapters 1-4, St. Anselm
    15. "On God's Knowledge" from On the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy, Averroes
    16. "God's Causality and Foreknowledge"; Quodlibeta, III, Question iii and Ordinatio, D. XXXVIII, Question unica, William of Ockham
    17. The Wars of the Lord, Book III, Divine Knowledge, Levi ben Gerson
    18. A Quodlibetal Question on Future Contingents Disputed at Louvain in the year 1465, Peter de Rivo
    PART IV: THEOLOGY
    19. On the Immortality of the Soul, St. Augustine
    20. Letter to Charlemagne: On the Being (Substantia) of Nothing and Shadows, Fridugisus of Tours
    21. "On the Trinity" from Periphyseon, Book II; 561C-579D, John Scotus Eriugena
    22. Letter on Divine Omnipotence, Selections, St. Peter Damian
    23. Grace and Free Choice, St. Anselm
    24. Disputed Questions on the Mystery of the Trinity; Question II, Articles I and II, St. Bonaventure
    PART V POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
    25. The Perfect State, Section V; Chapter 15, Al-Farabi
    26. The Policraticus, Book Four, Prologue and Chapters I-IV, John of Salisbury
    27. On Kingship to the King of Cyprus, Book One, Chapters I, II and VI, Book Two, Chapter III, St. Thomas Aquinas
    28. On Royal and Papal Power, Prologue and Chapters 1-7, John of Paris
    29. The Defender of Peace, Discourse One, Chapters II and VIII-XIII, Marsilius of Padua
    30. Eight Questions on the Power of the Pope, Question II, Chapters I and VII; Dialogus de Potestate Papae et Imperatoris, Part III: Treatise ii; Book II, Chapters 26-28, William of Ockham
    PART VI: KNOWLEDGE AND SENSATION
    31. The Trinity, Selections on Knowledge, St. Augustine
    32. Summa Theologica, Part I, Question LXXXIV, Articles 6-8; Question LXXXV, Articles 1-8: Question LXXXVI, Articles 1-4 and Question LXXXVIII, Articles 1-3, St. Thomas Aquinas
    33. Disputed Questions on Faith and Knowledge, Question I, Matthew of Aquasparta
    34. Two Letters to Bernard of Arezzo, Nicolaus of Autrecourt
    35. Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima, Book II, Questions 9-11, Jean Buridan
    36. Prologue and Chapter One, "On the Causes of Marvels Involving Vision, from De causis mirabilium, Nicole Oresme
    PART VII: UNIVERSALS
    37. Glosses on Porphyry from Logica Ingredientibus, "On Universals", Peter Abelard
    38. The Metalogicon, Book II, Chapters 17-20, John of Salisbury
    39. Concerning Being and Essence, Introduction and Chapters 1-4, St. Thomas Aquinas
    40. The Principle of Individuation, Questions One-Six, John Duns Scotus
    41. Summa logicae, Part I, Chapters 14-17; Quodlibet 4, Question 35 and Quodlibet 5, Questions 12 and 13, William of Ockham
    42. "On Universals", Walter Burley
    PART VIII: LOGIC AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE
    43. On Division, Boethius
    44. Introduction to Logic, Chapter Five, "Properties of Terms", William of Sherwood
    45. "Treatise on Distributions" from Summulae Logicales, Peter of Spain
    46. "The Nature of Logic" and "Dialectic and Demonstration" from De ortu scientiarum, Robert Kilwardby
    47. Sophismata, Chapter VIII, "Insolubles", John Buridan
    48. "On Entailment Propostions" from Logica Magna, Paul of Venice
    PART IV: PHYSICS
    49. On Light, Robert Grosseteste
    50 Letter to Sigerus de Foucaucourt: On the Magnet. Peter Peregrinus of Maricourt
    51. Opus Majus, Part IV: Distinctions I, II and III, Roger Bacon
    52. Perspectiva communis, Part II, Reflection, John Pecham
    53. "The Impetus Theory of Projectile Motion" from Questions on the Eight Books of the Physics of Aristotle, Book VIII, Question 12; "On the Free Fall of Bodies" and "On the Diurnal Rotation of the Earth" from Questions on the Four Books on the Heavens and the World of Aristotle, Book II, Questions 12 and 22
    54. Concerning Experiments in Weight, Nicholas of Cusa