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Cover

Psychology

Contemporary Perspectives

Paul Okami

Publication Date - July 2013

ISBN: 9780199856619

944 pages
Hardcover
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $99.00

Contemporary perspectives, not just contemporary references.

Description

Research-based but highly accessible, this fresh, contemporary, and engaging volume helps students appreciate the science of psychology and understand how its principles apply to their own lives.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

FEATURES

CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES,
NOT JUST CONTEMPORARY REFERENCES
Giving careful consideration to the field's historical foundations, Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives provides a unique balance of traditional and contemporary perspectives. This approach invites students to develop a modern appraisal of psychology.

THE MOST CURRENT RESEARCH
The book covers the latest in evolutionary psychology and behavior genetics, ecological and evolutionary theories of learning, cross-cultural work in cognition, the latest neuroscience data (and its critiques), and endophenotype research in the genetic causes of schizophrenia.

CLEAR AND COMPELLING WRITING
Exceptionally well written, Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives uses stories to help students connect with the principles of psychology.

RICH PEDAGOGY
All running features are integrated into the main body of the text, helping to maintain the flow of the narrative--and the attention of students!

* "Freeze Frame" snapshots underscoring the theme of each chapter tell the compelling stories of real-life individuals.

* "Living Psychology" applies psychology to students' everyday lives, helping them understand the benefits of what they are studying.

* "Critical Thinking about Psychology" sections give students the tools they need in order to effectively and objectively interpret research.

* "At the Forefront" highlights new and influential research in the field.

CAREFULLY CRAFTED STUDY TOOLS
Placing an emphasis on "review, retrieve, and learn," Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives takes a "back-to-basics" approach to study tools.

* "In Summary" sections provide clear, concise chapter descriptions, offering students powerful tools for review.

* "Retrieve!" questions encourage students to test their knowledge of what they have just read. Each question includes the page numbers on which the relevant material was first presented, aiding in additional review and reinforcing learning.

AN EXCELLENT VALUE
Oxford University Press USA, a department of the University of Oxford, is a not-for-profit publisher devoted to furthering the university's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education. Since accessible materials clearly support this mission, OUP USA uses a combination of not-for-profit status and financial discipline to offer course materials that generally cost students significantly less than those offered by commercial publishers.

SUPERIOR SUPPLEMENTS
We are proud to offer instructors and students a comprehensive set of ancillary resources.

* Instructor's Ancillary Resource Center: Available online exclusively to adopters, this valuable resource features detailed chapter outlines, lecture suggestions and activities, discussion questions, video resources, and Web resources, along with a computerized test bank containing 1,400+ test questions.

* Videos: Organized by chapter, these short contemporary video clips from YouTube are available for use as lecture starters and assignable class activities.

* PowerPoint-Based Slides: Each chapter's slide deck includes a succinct chapter outline and incorporates relevant chapter graphics.

* Course Cartridges: Available for a variety of learning management systems.

* Instructor's Companion Website: The instructor's portion of the companion website--available to adopters--includes all the teaching tools described above, which are available for immediate download (www.oup.com/us/okami).

* Online Homework: Oxford's Learning Management System delivers quality content and tools to track student progress in an intuitive, nationally hosted learning environment. Assessments are designed to accompany Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives and auto-graded so that instructors may check students' understanding without hours of grading. A color-coded gradebook shows instructors at a glance where their students are succeeding and where they need improvement; this allows instructors to adapt their lectures as needed at a moment's notice. For students, this means quality content and instant feedback. Oxford's Learning Management System features a streamlined interface that connects instructors and students with the functions that they perform most often, simplifying the learning experience in order to save instructors time and put students' progress first. (ISBN: 978-0-19-934982-1)

* Free Online Student Study Guide: Offering a variety of learning and review tools, this free online resource includes comprehensive yet concise chapter outlines, visual concept maps, and approximately twenty-five multiple-choice
questions per chapter.

About the Author(s)

Paul Okami (BA, Hunter College, MA and PhD, University of California at Los Angeles) is Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Widener University and a member of the Association for Psychological Science. As a graduate student, Okami published frequently in the areas of sexuality, evolutionary psychology, and child development. Some of this work gained wide recognition by top experts in related fields.

A beloved instructor, Dr. Okami's grasp of contemporary perspectives in psychology--and how to teach them--has enabled him to achieve great success teaching introductory students. He has taught at every level of higher education from university to community college, reaching traditional undergraduate and graduate students as well as returning and non-traditional adult students.

Reviews

"Highly readable and engaging. Students will be captured by the author's writing." --Hugh Riley, Baylor University

"A phenomenal textbook. It's one of a kind. I believe that it could indirectly increase the number of psych majors." --Kevin Chapman, University of Louisville

"The writing style is excellent and the research and perspectives are extremely current." --Gary Popoli, Stevenson University

"A great book. Okami has made psychology accessible to a new generation of students." --Dan Muhwezi, Butler Community College

"The author's writing is flawless." --Kathleen C. Kirasic, University of South Carolina

"Great real-world examples." --W. Matthew Collins, Nova Southeastern University

"I am excited to share this textbook with my students. It is very effectively written and will help students expand upon and apply psychological principals to daily life in a meaningful way." --Terry D. Burger, Indiana University Southeast

"This text integrates contemporary perspectives and current research much more effectively than other intro texts. It also has excellent graphics." --David Pan, New Mexico Highlands University

"I was just about fed up with the 'same old, same old' generic psychology texts, but Okami has not given us that. This is really an innovative book that is respectful of the science, and respectful toward students." --Donnell B. Griffin, Davidson County Community College

Table of Contents

    ABOUT THE AUTHOR
    PREFACE
    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    CHAPTER 1: PSYCHOLOGY AS SCIENCE
    What Is Psychology?
    Psychology Is the Scientific Study of Mind and Behavior
    Psychology Is Distinct from Psychiatry
    Psychology Today Is Distinguished in Three Ways
    Psychology Did Not Exist in the Ancient World
    Prescientific Psychology in the Age of Reason
    Pioneers of Modern Psychological Science
    Is Psychological Science Really Scientific?
    Science Is an Empirical Way of Knowing
    Intuition Is an Empirical Mixed Blessing
    Science Is the Best Method of Gaining Material Knowledge
    Science Has Goals and Methods
    Science Has a Point of View: Skepticism
    Science Uses Theories to Explain Facts
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: What Science Is Not: Pseudoscience**
    Psychological Science Varies in Quality
    How Do Psychologists Conduct Research?
    There Are Three Categories of Research Methods
    Descriptive Methods Take "Snapshots" of Individuals or Groups
    Descriptive Research Is Valuable, but Limited
    Correlational Methods Examine Relationships among Variables
    Experiments Can Establish Cause and Effect
    Why Are Statistics Important in Psychology?
    Both Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Are Important
    Statistical Significance and Effect Size: Are Results Real and Meaningful?
    Statistical Literacy Is Urgently Important
    Why Are Ethics Important in Psychology?
    Ethical Concerns: Scholarship and Treatment of Research Participants
    Nails in the Coffin of Research Free-for-Alls
    Nonhuman Animals Also Have Rights

    CHAPTER 2: THE BRAIN, THE BODY, AND BEHAVIOR
    Where Is the Mind?
    There Are Two Views about the Location of the Mind
    How Is the Nervous System Built?
    The Nervous System Is Composed of Cells
    Neurons Have an Anatomy
    Glia Assist Neurons in Their Work
    The Action Potential: How Neurons Do Their Work
    Neurotransmitters Send the Signal
    How Is the Nervous System Organized?
    The Central Nervous System Is "Command Central"
    The Peripheral Nervous System Connects Brain, Body, and the Environment
    The Autonomic Nervous System Is Also Subdivided
    How Is the Brain Organized?
    The Brain Is a Network of Neural Connections
    The Hindbrain and Midbrain Keep House
    The Forebrain Houses More Complex Brain Functions
    Each Cerebral Hemisphere Is Specialized
    **At the Forefront: Male and Female Brains Are Not Identical**
    Although the Brain Is Specialized, It Is Also Plastic
    What Is the Endocrine System?
    The Nervous and Endocrine Systems Overlap
    What Is Neuroscience?
    Behavioral Neuroscience Is the Study of the Neural Basis of Behavior
    Cognitive Neuroscience: The Neural Basis of Cognition and Emotion
    There Are Limits to Neuroscience

    CHAPTER 3: THE NATURE AND NURTURE OF BEHAVIOR
    What Are Genes?
    The Gene Is the Unit of Heredity
    Phenotypes Are Observable Characteristics
    Genes Have at Least Three Functions
    How Do Genes and Environments Influence Behavior?
    Twin and Adoption Studies Disentangle Nature and Nurture
    The Heritability Statistic Is an Estimate of Genetic Influence
    Genes and Environments Interact
    Why Are Psychologists Interested in Evolution?
    Evolution Is Both Fact and Theory
    The Theory of Natural Selection Guides Evolutionary Psychology
    Evolutionary Psychology Is a New Way of Looking at Old Problems
    Human Sex Differences: A "Test Case" for Evolutionary Psychology
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Exceptions May Prove Trivers's Rule**
    Questions about the Evolutionary Approach
    What Is the Sociocultural Perspective?
    Society and Culture Help Shape Mind and Behavior
    The Sociocultural Perspective Highlights Differences and Similarities
    Three Examples of Cultural Psychology
    **Living Psychology: Are Friends Good to Have? Friendship in West Africa and North America**
    Social Role Theory: The "Social" Is Sociocultural

    CHAPTER 4: HUMAN LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT
    Why Study Development?
    Four Assumptions of the Life-Span Perspective
    How Does the Unborn Embryo become a Newborn Infant?
    The Embryo and Fetus Face Challenges
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: The "Crack Baby": Crackpot Idea?**
    The Newborn Infant Is Already Skilled
    How Does the Infant become a Child?
    Brain Development Is Rapid
    Social and Emotional Development Require Nature and Nurture
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Early Child Care Has Benefits--and Costs**
    Cognitive Development: What Infants and Toddlers Know
    How Does the Child become Adolescent?
    Adolescence Is a Process
    The Adolescent Brain Is a "Work in Progress"
    Parents Matter--But How?
    Peers Matter More than Ever
    **Living Psychology: Our Parents Were Right (Sort of): Choose Your Friends Wisely**
    Moral Development in Adolescence Is Complex
    **At the Forefront: The Neural Basis of Morality**
    How Does the Adolescent become Adult?
    Development in Adulthood: More Stages and Continuities
    Work, Marriage, and Parenthood Still Define Adulthood for Most People
    How Does the Adult Age?
    Physical Changes Are Associated with Aging
    Cognitive Changes Are Associated with Aging
    Social and Emotional Changes Involve Loss and Gain
    Death Is a Process

    CHAPTER 5: PERCEPTION AND THE SENSES
    How Do Sensing and Perceiving Differ?
    Psychophysicists Study the Relationship between Stimuli and Perception
    Signal Detection Theory Acknowledges the "Human" Factor
    Sensory Adaptation Reduces Sensitivity to Stimuli
    Subliminal Perception Occurs below the Level of Awareness
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Can Subliminal Persuasion Make You Buy Coca-Cola or Boost Your Self-Esteem?**
    How Does the Eye Work?
    The Eye Receives Light
    Eyes Form Images of the World, but Do Not "See"
    Visual Signals Are Interpreted in the Visual Cortex
    Brains--Not Objects--Have Color
    How Does the Ear Work?
    Sound Is Vibration
    The Ear Collects, Amplifies, and Transforms Sound Waves
    Both Ears Are Necessary to Locate Sounds
    How Do the Nose and Tongue Receive Chemical Signals?
    The Nose Detects Odors
    The Nose Also Detects Chemical Communications
    The Tongue Tastes, but It Needs the Nose for Flavor
    How Do the Skin and Body Feel?
    Skin: The Agony and the Ecstasy
    How Do We Perceive Visual Images?
    Visual Images Are Organized
    Visual Images Have Depth
    Visual Images Have Constancy
    How Do Evolution, Culture, and Experience Affect Perception?
    Face Recognition: Specialized Tool of Perception?
    Perception Is Influenced by Expectation and Attention
    Perceptual Set
    People from Different Cultures May "See Things Differently"

    CHAPTER 6: VARIETIES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
    What Is Consciousness? No One Knows
    A Commonsense Definition of Consciousness
    The Hard Problem: How Do We Get from Brain to Self?
    Consciousness Comes in Many Varieties
    How--and Why--Do We Sleep?
    How Much Sleep Is Enough?
    Sleep Patterns Are Regulated by Two Processes
    Falling Asleep Is a Gradual Process
    Sleep Comes in Two Types and Five Stages
    The Function of Sleep Is Unknown
    What Are Dreams?
    Sleep Mentation Includes Thinking and Two Levels of Dreaming
    Dreams Have Meaning to the Dreamer
    What Are Sleep Disorders?
    "Sleep Problems" and "Sleep Disorders" Are Not the Same
    Insomnia Has a Life of Its Own
    **Living Psychology: Getting a Good Night's Sleep**
    Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Can Be Life-Threatening
    Parasomnias Can Be Nightmarish
    Narcolepsy Destroys the Boundaries between Sleep and Wakefulness
    Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness?
    Hypnosis Is a Social Event
    Special State vs. Nonstate Debate
    What Is the Nature of Meditation?
    Meditation Has at Least Two Basic Characteristics
    Meditation as an Altered State
    How Do Psychoactive Drugs Affect Consciousness?
    Use of Psychoactive Drugs Is an Ordinary Part of Most People's Lives
    "Addiction" Has Many Definitions
    All Substances Are Potentially Toxic
    Narcotics
    Stimulants
    Depressants
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: The Most Common Date Rape Drug Is Alcohol**
    Psychedelics
    "Legal Highs"

    CHAPTER 7: LEARNING
    What Is Learning?
    Learning Is Difficult to Define
    "Learned" Is Not the Opposite of "Innate"
    Habituation and Sensitization Are the Simplest Forms of Learning
    Associative Learning Is More Complex
    What Is Classical Conditioning?
    Classical Conditioning Prepares an Organism for What Is to Come
    Classical Conditioning Includes Stimulus and Response
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Will the Real Little Albert Please Crawl Forward?**
    What Are the Limits of Classical Conditioning?
    Cognition Plays a Part in Classical Conditioning
    Evolution Prepares Each Animal to Form Certain Associations
    The Ecology of the Organism Affects Conditioning
    What Is Operant Conditioning?
    In Operant Conditioning, the Organism Teaches Itself
    Reinforcement and Punishment Are the Conditioning Factors
    Shaping: The Building Blocks of Operant Behavior
    Reinforcers Differ in Strength and Origin
    Reinforcement Schedules Affect Conditioning
    Punishment May Be Effective but Can Also Pose Problems
    What Are the Limits of Operant Conditioning?
    Cognition and Evolution Also Affect Operant Conditioning
    What Is Observational Learning?
    Modeling Is Learning through Imitation
    Vicarious Conditioning Is Learning by Observing Consequences
    Mirror Neurons May Be the "How" of Observational Learning
    **At the Forefront: Mirror Neurons and Autism**
    Effects of Media Violence: An Unsettled, and Unsettling, Question

    CHAPTER 8: MEMORY
    What Are Memories?
    Memories Are Encoded, Stored, and Retrieved
    The Modal Model of Memory Consists of "Stores"
    **Living Psychology: How Not to Prepare for Exams**
    What Is "Remembering"?
    Retrieval Cues
    Working Memory Is Working with Memory
    There Are Two Types (and Two Subtypes) of LTM
    Levels of Processing Framework: Are Memory Stores Real?
    **At the Forefront: Are "Brain Steroids" Useful (and Ethical)?**
    How Do We Forget Things That Happened (and Remember Things That Never Happened)?
    Memories Are Constructed, Not Recorded
    Eyewitness Testimony Is Surprisingly Unreliable
    Children's Memories Can Be Manipulated
    The Seven "Sins" of Memory
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Memories of Trauma, False and True**
    Are Our Memories Defective?

    CHAPTER 9: THINKING, LANGUAGE, AND INTELLIGENCE
    How Does the Mind Work?
    Thinking and Cognition Are Not the Same
    Mental Images Represent Information in Picture Form
    Concepts Are Mental Categories
    Thinking Fast, Thinking Slow: Kahneman's Two-System Theory
    How Do We Use Thinking to Solve Problems?
    Trial and Error Eliminates Solutions One at a Time
    Algorithms Never Fail, but They Are Not Always Available
    Heuristics Are Mental "Rules of Thumb"
    Aha! Insight!
    Creativity: Finding Problems and Solving Them
    How Do Biases Affect Decision Making?
    The Confirmation Bias Tells Us What We Want to Hear
    Belief Persistence
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Chance Is Lumpy: The Gambler's Fallacy**
    Language: What Is It, and How Do We Learn It?
    Language Is an Open-Ended Code
    Language May Also Be a "Mental Organ"
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: There Ain't No Such Thing as Bad Grammar, Yo': The Linguistic View**
    Language May Influence the Way We Think
    Do Nonhuman Animals Have Language?
    Washoe, Nim, and Kanzi: Conversationalists or Trained Chimps?
    What Is Intelligence?
    There Are Two General Meanings of the Word "Intelligence"
    General Intelligence (g) Is One Way of Describing "Book Smarts"
    IQ Is the Most Commonly Accepted Measure of Intelligence
    IQ Measures Something Important, but It May Not Be Intelligence
    Multiple Intelligences: An Alternative to g and IQ
    Most Theories of Intelligence Incorporate the Idea of g
    Where Does Intelligence Come from?
    Genes and Environments Determine Cognitive Ability

    CHAPTER 10: MOTIVATION
    What Are Motivations?
    Motivations Initiate and Direct Behavior
    Motivations Include Instincts and Adaptations
    Motivations Also Include Drives, Incentives, and Needs
    Some Motivations Are Universal or "Nearly Universal"
    How Is Work a Window onto Motivation?
    Traits Influence Work Performance
    Perceived Self-Efficacy
    Goal Setting
    **Living Psychology: "Do What You Are": Using Positive Psychology to Help Choose a Career
    Why Do We Eat?
    Hunger and Appetite Are Not the Same
    People Tend to Maintain an Energy Balance
    Eating Disorders Have become More Common
    Overweight and Obesity Are Epidemic
    The Social Motivations: Why Do We Turn toward One Another?
    Affiliation Means Being Near, but Not Necessarily Close
    Belonging Means Caring Relationships that Endure
    Aggression: Why Do We Turn against One Another?
    Aggression May Be Violent or Non-Violent
    Aggression May Be Hostile or Instrumental
    There Are Sex Differences in Aggression
    Aggression Is Triggered by Specific Factors
    Aggressors Believe They Are in the Right
    Competence: Why Do People Seek to Do Well?
    Approach and Avoidance Are Two Strategies for Competence
    Achievement Is a Part of Competence Motivation

    CHAPTER 11: EMOTION AND HEALTH
    What Is Emotion?
    How Are Your Feelings?
    Unpleasant Emotions Outnumber Pleasant Ones
    Emotions Serve Important Functions
    Everyone Wants to Feel Good--But What Is "Feeling Good"?
    Are Some Emotions "Basic"?
    Basic Emotions Are Primary
    Basic Emotions Are Affected by Culture
    Deception Is Linked to Emotion and Cognition
    How Do Psychologists Explain Emotion?
    Early Theories: Which Comes First, Feeling or Emotion?
    Cognitive Theories Stress Interpretation of Events
    Some Emotional Experiences May Bypass Cognition
    Embodied Emotion: The Body Is the Mind
    Which Theory of Emotion Is "Right"?
    How Do People Deal with Anger?
    Anger Is Common, Varied, and Dangerous
    "Venting" Is Not an Effective Strategy for Dealing with Anger
    **Living Psychology: To Forgive Is Human as Well as Divine**
    Who Is Happy (and Why)?
    Most People Are Reasonably Happy
    When Money Buys Happiness
    When Money Buys Unhappiness
    Happiness "Set Points" Are Not Set in Stone
    What Makes People Happy
    What Is Stress?
    Stress Is a Response to Challenging or Threatening Events
    We Need Stress
    The Stress Response Involves Activation and Adaptation
    Hans Selye and the GAS Model
    Tend and Befriend: The Female Fight or Flight?
    Ethnic Minorities Experience Unique Stressors
    Does Stress Cause Illness?
    Stress Affects Immune Systems
    **At the Forefront: Placebo: Treatment or Non-Treatment?**
    Coping: How Can Stress Be Managed?
    Optimism
    Aerobic Exercise
    Meditation
    **Living Psychology: How to Meditate**
    Social Support
    Religion and Spiritual Life
    If All Else Fails, Get a Dog

    CHAPTER 12: PERSONALITY
    What Is Personality?
    Like All Others, Some Others, and No Other
    Organized, Integrated and Relatively Enduring
    What Are the "Grand Theories" of Personality?
    Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis: The Life of the Unconscious Mind
    The Neo-Freudians: Keeping the Baby, Throwing out the Bathwater
    The Behaviorists: Personality Is a Learning Experience
    The Humanists: Faith in Humankind
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Self-Esteem: It Feels Good, but What Does It Actually Do?**
    Winds of Change
    How Do Traits and Situations Affect Personality?
    Traits Describe--but Do Not Explain--Personality
    **Living Psychology: What Is Your Big Five Score?**
    Situations Can Powerfully Influence Behavior
    Traits and Situations Form Revealing Patterns
    Social-Cognitive Theories: Creating Your Own Personality
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Astrology: Is Personality in the Stars?**
    How Do Genes, Environments, and Culture Influence Personality?
    Genes Play an Important Role in Personality Development
    Nonshared Environments Are Equally Important
    Culture Influences Personality, But In Unexpected Ways
    How Is Personality Measured?
    Projective Tests Interpret Personality
    Objective Tests Are Constructed Empirically
    How Much Does Personality Change over Time?
    Traits Are Surprisingly--but Not Entirely--Stable
    Other Aspects of Personality May Also Change

    CHAPTER 13: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
    What Is a Psychological Disorder?
    The DSM View: Disorder = Dysfunction and Distress (or Impairment)
    The Myth of Mental Illness View: Disorders Are Social Judgments, Not "Illnesses"
    The Harmful Dysfunction View: Fact and Social Judgment Define Disorder
    What about "Insanity?"
    The Number of People with Disorders Is Not Known with Certainty
    Major Mental Disorders and Personality Disorders
    What Are Anxiety Disorders?
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder Defines the Experience of Anxiety
    Phobias Are Irrational Fears
    Panic Disorder: Anxious about Fear
    Anxiety Results from Combinations of Causes
    Obsessive-Compulsive and Trauma-Related Disorders Are in Categories All Their Own
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Can Dominate a Person's Life
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Rare Response to Trauma
    **Living Psychology: Beware of Psychology Students' Disease!**
    What Are Depressive and Bipolar Disorders?
    Major Depressive Disorder: The Most Severe Form of Depression
    How Depression Arises
    Women Have Much Higher Rates of Depression
    Bipolar Disorders Are a Spectrum, Not a Single Disorder
    Depressive and Bipolar Disorders Increase the Risk of Suicide
    Are Depression and Anxiety Overdiagnosed?
    Social Phobia: When Is It Truly Dysfunctional?
    When Ordinary Sadness becomes Disorder
    What Is Schizophrenia?
    Symptoms May Be Positive and Negative
    The Search for Causes of Schizophrenia
    Partial Recovery Is Possible
    What Are Personality Disorders?
    Paranoid Personality Disorder Fosters Mistrust
    Borderline Personality Disorder Leads to a Stormy Life
    Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Wants Rules Obeyed
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Sybil and the Epidemic of Multiple Personalities**

    CHAPTER 14: TREATMENT
    What Is Psychotherapy?
    Psychotherapy Involves a Healing Personal Relationship
    People Enter Psychotherapy for Many Reasons
    There Are Different Styles of Psychotherapy
    Psychotherapists' Training Varies Widely
    How Do Styles of Psychotherapy Differ?
    Psychoanalysis: Uncommon, but Influential
    Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
    Behavior Therapy: Changing Maladaptive Behavior
    Cognitive Therapies: Changing Feelings by Changing Thoughts
    **Living Psychology: Cognitive Therapy to Fight Depression**
    Integrative Therapy: Using What Works
    Bibliotherapy: Reading Your Way to Relief?
    What Are Group, Couple, and Family Therapies?
    Group Therapy Involves Three or More
    Family Therapy: The Family as a System
    Couple Therapy for Marital or Individual Distress
    Does Psychotherapy Work?
    What Does "Works" Mean? Efficacy and Effectiveness
    No One Style of Therapy Has Proved Superior Overall
    Psychotherapy May Work for the "Wrong Reasons"
    Psychotherapy Can Also Cause Harm
    Culture Plays a Role in Psychotherapy
    Therapists Are People
    Psychological Services beyond Psychotherapy
    What Is Pharmacotherapy?
    Pharmacotherapy Uses Psychoactive Medications
    Anxiety Is Treated with Anxiolytics
    Depression Is Treated with Antidepressants
    Bipolar Disorders Are Treated with Mood Stabilizers
    Schizophrenia Is Treated With Antipsychotics
    Does Pharmacotherapy Work?
    Large Corporations Manage Information about Pharmacotherapy
    Eliminating Publication Bias Reveals a Different Picture of Antidepressants
    What Other Biological Treatments Are Available?
    Electroconvulsive Treatment Is Controversial
    Magnetic Brain Stimulation
    Psychosurgery
    Closing Remarks: The Future of Treatment Is Integrative

    CHAPTER 15: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
    What Is Psychological Self-Defense?
    Cognitive Biases Are Potent Self-Defense Weapons
    The Ups and Downs of Comparing Yourself to Others
    Cognitive Dissonance: When Attitudes and Behavior Clash
    When Self-Defense Fails, the Self May Attempt to Change
    How Do We Present Ourselves to Others?
    Impression Management Involves Motivation and Construction
    Self-Presentation in Cyberspace
    Our Ideas of How Others See Us Are Often Wildly Off Track
    How Do We Explain Our Own and Others' Behavior?
    The Fundamental Attribution Error: Mistaking the Situation for the Person
    The Actor-Observer Bias: Mistaking the Person for the Situation
    Who Attracts Whom?
    Positive Assortment
    The Mere Exposure Effect
    Beauty Is Not Entirely in the Eye of the Beholder
    How Do Other People Affect Our Opinions and Behavior?
    People Conform for Many Reasons
    Groupthink Is Dangerous
    Bystander Apathy, Tragedy, and Public Outrage
    Deindividuation in Groups: Human Beings at Their Worst
    Altruism: Human Beings at Their Best
    How Does Intergroup Conflict Lead to Aggression?
    Stereotyping Can Lead to Prejudice
    Ingroup Bias May Also Lead to Prejudice
    Prejudice Can Be Subtle and Unconscious
    Prejudice in the Face of Terror and Death
    Obedience to Authority
    **At the Forefront: "Ultimate" Aggression: What Motivates a Suicide Terrorist?**
    Intergroup Contact: Reducing Prejudice in Jittery Times
    Lessons of Abu Ghraib

    CHAPTER 16: SEX, GENDER, AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
    Are "Sex" and "Gender" Different
    ?
    Sex at Birth Is Chromosomal, Gonadal, Hormonal, and Anatomical
    "Gender" Is Less Easy to Define than "Sex"
    Gender Identity Begins in Early Childhood
    Gender Roles Are Beliefs about How Men and Women Ought to Behave
    Gender Stereotypes Are Beliefs about What Men and Women Are Like
    How Do the Sexes Differ?
    There Are Sex Differences in Play Styles and Toy Preferences
    Sex Differences in Cognition Favor Men and Women in Different Ways
    Sex Differences in Cognition Might Exist in Three Ways
    **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Stereotype Threat: Are Scientific Theories about Sex Differences Dangerous?**
    Sexual Behavior: What Is "Having Sex" and Why Do People Have It?
    People Do Not Agree on What Constitutes "Having Sex"
    The Physiology of Sexual Response Proceeds in Stages
    **Living Psychology: Sexual Aggression: What Should You Do if You Are Raped or Sexually Assaulted?**
    How Does Sexuality Develop?
    Child Sexuality Is Human Sexuality, but It Isn't Adult Sexuality
    Sexual Development in Adolescence Is Multifaceted
    What Is Sexual Orientation?
    Sexual Orientation Includes Behavior, Desire, and Identity
    Patterns of Sexual Orientation Differ for Men and Women
    Causes of Sexual Orientation Are Not Known with Certainty
    How Closely Are Sex and Love Linked?
    Love as a Set of Characteristic Feelings, Thoughts, and Behaviors
    Love Is a Human Universal--with Cultural Variations
    Love and Sex: The Biobehavioral Model

    GLOSSARY
    REFERENCES
    CREDITS
    NAME INDEX
    SUBJECT INDEX

Teaching Resources

Ancillaries            

  • Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives + Access Code Card for Dashboard (9780199349821) $104.00
  • Access Code Card for Dashboard (9780199349456) $19.95
  • Companion Website with downloadable resources at (www.oup.com/us/okami)
    • For Instructors: Ancillary Resource Center (www.oup-arc.com/okami) with Individual Chapter Resources such as detailed chapter outlines, power points, lecture suggestions and activities, discussion questions, Test Bank with 1,400 + questions, video resources on a custom YouTube channel
    • For Students:  Study Guide with Chapter Outlines, Practice Tests and Concept Maps
  • Computerized Test Bank (9780199856558)

 

Packages

Bundle Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives + Custom Chapter on Sex, Gender and Sexual Behavior FOR FREE using this Package ISBN: 9780199350681

Package one of Oxford’s Very Short Introduction’s with this text FOR FREE!
Suggestions Include: 

  • Consciousness by Susan Blackmore
  • Sleep by Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster
  • Forensic Psychology by David Canter
  • The Brain by Michael O’Shea
  • Psychology by Gillian Butler and Freda McManus

Package our Psychology texts with any Oxford book for a 20% savings off the total package price!  Visit www.oup.com/us/he for Oxford’s full catalog.