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Cover

Political Sociology

Power and Participation in the Modern World

Fifth Edition

Anthony M. Orum and John G. Dale

Publication Date - October 2008

ISBN: 9780195371154

336 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $62.95

A clear, concise, and comprehensive introduction to political sociology--now with four new chapters, including cutting-edge research on mass media and social movements.

Description

Thoroughly revised and updated in this fifth edition, Political Sociology: Power and Participation in the Modern World illustrates the broad social bases of politics and also shows how politics and governmental actions can influence the fate of nations and their citizens. Providing insight into recent political sociological theories, Anthony M. Orum and new coauthor John G. Dale help students make sense of the many major social and political changes taking place in the world today. They examine such timely topics as the economy and politics, states and societies, civil society and politics, basic forms of political rule, power and equality in modern America, political parties, and citizen participation.

Bringing together a wide variety of perspectives and ideas, this unique text also familiarizes students with recent scholarship on the American welfare state, social networks, and the business world. Throughout, the authors provide students with current assessments of popular incendiary topics, increasing their awareness and encouraging them to become more involved in the material.

Classic and comprehensive, Political Sociology: Power and Participation in the Modern World, Fifth Edition, is ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in political sociology.

About the Author(s)

Anthony M. Orum is Professor of Sociology at the University of Illinois, Chicago.

John G. Dale is Assistant Professor of Sociology at George Mason University.

Previous Publication Date(s)

August 2000
January 1989

Table of Contents

    Preface to the Fifth Edition
    CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
    Power and Authority
    Institutions, Networks, and Culture
    Visions of Societies and Politics: Marx, Weber, Durkheim, de Toqueville, and Polanyi
    Pedagogical Guidelines
    CHAPTER 2. ON THE ECONOMY AND POLITICS: KARL MARX AND THE NEO MARXISTS
    Karl Marx on the Economy and Politics
    The Essential Marx
    The Economy and Social Stratification
    Substructure and Superstructure
    Politics as a Reflection of the Class Struggle
    State Power and Its Limits
    Sustaining Capitalism and the Rule of Capitalists
    Revolution and Change
    The Neo-Marxists
    V.I. Lenin
    Antonio Gramsci
    The Frankfurt School
    Nicos Poulantzas
    Conclusion
    Notes
    CHAPTER 3. ON STATES AND SOCIETIES: MAX WEBER AND THE NEO-WEBERIANS
    Max Weber on States and Politics
    The Essential Weber
    The State
    The Power of the Ruler
    Authority and Its Legitimacy
    Political Power and Contending Social Groups
    The Neo-Weberians
    Reinhard Bendix
    Charles Tilly
    Theda Skocpol
    Conclusion
    Notes
    CHAPTER 4: ON CIVIL SOCIETY AND POLITICS: EMILE DURKHEIM AND ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE
    Emile Durkheim on Civil Society and Politics
    The Essential Durkheim
    Society
    States, Politics, and Societies
    Alexis de Tocqueville on Civil Society and Politics
    The Essential Tocqueville
    Equality in America
    The Conditions (Causes) for Equality
    Threats to Democracy in America
    Concluding Observations
    The Neo-Consensualists
    Seymour Martin Lipset
    Robert Bellah
    James S. Coleman and Robert Putnam
    Conclusion
    Notes
    CHAPTER 5: ON THE POLITICS, LAW, AND MORALITY OF MARKETS
    Karl Polanyi
    The Essential Polanyi
    Fictitious Commodities: Land, Labor and Money
    State Action is Inherent to Market Formation
    The Interwar Years
    Protectionist Countermovement
    A Global Free Market is Impossible
    Future Prospects
    Notes
    CHAPTER 6: BASIC FORMS OF POLITICAL AUTHORITY
    Basic Types of Political Rule: The Classical Greek Conceptions
    Types of Political Rule in the Modern World
    Democracy
    Totalitarianism
    Authoritarianism
    Conclusion
    Notes
    CHAPTER 7: POWER AND AUTHORITY IN AMERICA
    Prologue
    The Power of the American State
    The American State as a War-Making State
    The American State as a Welfare State
    Sociological Perspectives on the Power of the State Today
    The Power of Business and Corporations
    The Corporate Community
    The Corporate Inner Circle
    Multinational Corporations and the Growth of the Global Economy
    Does America Possess a Ruling Class - or Even a Dominant Class?
    Equality and Inequality in Modern America
    Economic Inequality
    Political Equality
    Conclusion
    Notes
    CHAPTER 8: POWER AND AUTHORITY IN THE METROPOLIS
    The Metropolis in American History
    The Rise and Decline of the Industrial Metropolis
    The Reign of Local Notables and the Engagement of Ordinary Citizens
    The Industrial Revolution and Rise of the Capitalist
    Class
    The Mature Industrial City: Government Emerges as Do
    Political Divisions
    The Decline of the Industrial City: the Loss of Industry, Local Clout and the Emergence of Ethnic/Racial Conflicts
    Concluding Observations
    The Politics of the Contemporary American City
    The Contentious Politics of the American Metropolis: Central Cities, Suburbs, and Edge Cities
    Sunbelt Cities and Metropolitan Fragmentation
    Interpreting the City
    Political Pluralism in the City: Civil Society and the Dispersal of Power
    The City as a Growth Machine: The Political Economy of the City
    The City and the Creative Class: Reviving the Metropolis Today
    Concluding Observations
    Remaking the American City
    Cities and the New Global Economy
    Global Cities
    Other Postindustrial Cities
    Regional and Urban Experiments of Major Developing Nations: China, South Korea and Taiwan
    Conclusion
    Notes
    CHAPTER 9: POLITICAL PARTIES
    The Nature of Modern Political Parties
    The Birth of Modern Political Parties
    Variations in Modern Political Parties: Highlights of Current and Early Patterns
    Current Patterns
    Early Patterns: The Political Machine of Urban America
    The Power and Politics of Modern Political Parties
    The Breadth of Political Partisanship
    Values and Partisanship
    The Social Bases of Partisanship
    The Past and Future of Modern Political Parties: The Case of the United States
    Notes
    CHAPTER 10: SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: BASIC PERSPECTIVES
    The Nature of Social Movements
    Collective Behavior vs. Collective Action
    New Paradigms for the Study of Social Movements
    The Resource Mobilization Paradigm
    Political Process vs. Identity Politics
    Political Process Theory
    Critical Concepts: Political Opportunities,
    Mobilization, and Framing
    Identity Politics and "New" Social Movement Theory
    Beyond Democratic Elitism and Democratic Fundamentalism: The 2008 Presidential Campaign and Pressures for Social Change
    The Politics of Influence
    Culture, Structure, States
    Notes
    CHAPTER 11: TRANSNATIONAL SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND GLOBALIZATION
    The Multiple Meanings of Globalization
    The Free Burma Movement as Transnational Social Movement
    The Selective Purchasing Law Campaign
    The Campaign to De-Charter Unocal Corporation
    The Alien Tort Claims Campaign
    New Directions for Social Movements and Research
    Notes
    CHAPTER 12: THE MASS MEDIA
    Highlights in the History of the Mass Media in America
    The Mass Media as a Vehicle of Corporate Capitalism
    The Mass Media and Their Influence in Society
    Agenda-Setting
    The Media and the Business of Making the News
    The Public and Its View and Susceptibility to the Media
    The Future of the News and the News of the Future
    Notes
    CHAPTER 13: POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND THE PURSUIT OF DEMOCRACY
    Democratic Theory and Participation
    A Classic View of Democracy and its Critics
    Why Public Participation is Essential to the Workings of Democracy
    A Challenge to Democratic Theory: Rational Choice
    Rational Choice and Collective Action
    The Problem of the Free Rider
    Selective Incentives
    Public Participation in Everyday Social Life
    Political Participation and Social Cleavages
    Rates and Types of Political Participation
    Social Class and Participation
    Gender and Participation
    Race, Ethnicity, and Participation
    Promoting Political Participation in the Pursuit of Democracy
    Notes