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Cover

Philosophy Here and Now

Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life

Lewis Vaughn

Publication Date - June 2012

ISBN: 9780199765225

464 pages
Paperback
8 x 10 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $89.95

In lucid, engaging prose, this unique introduction relates the perennial questions of philosophy to students' lives today

Description

Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life is a hybrid text/reader that helps students understand, appreciate, and even do philosophy. The book emphasizes philosophical writing, reinforced with step-by-step coaching in how to write argumentative essays and supported by multiple opportunities to hone critical thinking. It shows students how philosophy applies to their own lives and brings the subject to life with engaging chapter-ending literary selections, abundant illustrations, and a wealth of pedagogical features.

FEATURES:

* A comprehensive introductory chapter lays the groundwork for philosophical thinking

* Six types of text boxes--"Philosophy Now," "Philosophers at Work," "Philosophy Lab," "What Do You Believe," "Writing to Understand: Critiquing Philosophical Views," and "Writing to Understand: Arguing Your Own Views" demonstrate the value and relevance of philosophy

* Additional pedagogical elements make the material even more engaging and accessible. These include marginal critical-thinking questions, marginal quotes, a timeline, key terms (boldfaced at their first appearance and listed and defined at the end of each chapter), marginal definitions, and a glossary.

* Charts, tables, and color photos keep students visually engaged

* Fictional or narrative selections-- followed by "Probing Questions"--at the end of each chapter explore and dramatize the philosophical issues discussed

* A "How to Write a Philosophy Paper" appendix offers concise, step-by-step guidance in crafting an effective philosophical essay

* An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank on CD features chapter summaries, reading summaries, lecture outlines in PowerPoint format, and objective test questions for use in exams or midterms

* A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/vaughn contains all the material from the Instructor's Manual and Test Bank along with student resources including interactive quizzes, flashcards with key words, and helpful web links

New to this Edition

  • This is a first edition.

About the Author(s)

Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of several books including The Power of Critical Thinking, Fourth Edition (2012), Great Philosophical Arguments (2011), Philosophy: The Quest for Truth, Eighth Edition (2011), Contemporary Moral Arguments (2010), and The Moral Life, Fourth Edition (2010), all published by Oxford University Press.

Reviews

"Philosophy Here and Now fully relates philosophy to students' lives and teaches them how to do philosophy. Students are encouraged to think critically and to write from the standpoint of doing analytic work and structuring argumentation effectively."--Michael Sturm, Kishwaukee College

"Lewis Vaughn's style is exemplary. It is clear, engaging, concise, and logical--and by far more student-friendly than similar textbooks."--Gary Pagels, Northwest Community College

"Philosophy Here and Now shows students that philosophy is a way of life that concerns issues of great import that every human being will have to face at some time or other. The book's pedagogical features do an excellent job of engaging students in a 'real-world' context."--Marcos Arandia, North Lake College

"I have not encountered a text that does a better job of explaining difficult concepts and also challenging students on their own views."--Jesse A. Switzer, University of Mississippi

"Vaughn's examples from literature and real-life situations are engaging, diverse, and illuminating."--David Lopez, American River College

"The pedagogical features are far superior to the text I currently use. This is an excellent introductory philosophy text with emphasis on logic and on applications of philosophical ideas to real-life situations."--Ruth E. Zollars, Neosho County Community College

Table of Contents

    Each chapter includes Review Notes, Key Terms, Probing Questions (which follow the literary selections), and Suggestions For Further Reading.

    Preface
    CHAPTER 1. PHILOSOPHY AND YOU
    1.1 PHILOSOPHY: THE QUEST FOR UNDERSTANDING
    The Good of Philosophy
    Philosophical Terrain
    1.2 SOCRATES AND THE EXAMINED LIFE
    PLATO: The Republic
    1.3 THINKING PHILOSOPHICALLY
    Reasons and Arguments
    Reading Philosophy
    Fallacious Reasoning
    Argument Exercises
    Narrative: Plato, The Trial and Death of Socrates
    CHAPTER 2. GOD AND RELIGION
    2.1 OVERVIEW: GOD AND PHILOSOPHY
    Why Religion Matters
    Overview: The Philosopher's Quest
    Belief and Disbelief
    2.2 ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
    Cosmological Arguments
    AQUINAS: Summa Theologica
    CRAIG: Reasonable Faith
    Design Arguments
    PALEY: Natural Theology
    HUME: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
    Ontological Arguments
    ANSELM: Proslogium
    KANT: Critique of Pure Reason
    2.3 GOD AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
    Rowe's Argument from Evil
    ROWE: Philosophy of Religion
    The Free Will Defense
    SWINBURNE: Is There a God?
    The Soul-Making Defense
    HICK: Evil and the God of Love
    2.4 THEISM AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE
    ST. TERESA OF AVILA: The Life of Teresa of Jesus
    MACKIE: The Miracle of Theism
    ROWE: Philosophy of Religion
    SWINBURNE: The Existence of God
    2.5 BELIEF WITHOUT REASON
    James: Pragmatic Faith
    JAMES: "The Will to Believe"
    MARTIN: Atheism: A Philosophical Justification
    Pascal: Betting on God
    PASCAL: Pensées and Other Writings
    2.6 BUDDHISM: AN EASTERN WAY
    SUMEDHO: Buddha-Nature
    RAHULA: What the Buddha Taught
    Fiction: Arthur C. Clarke, "The Star"
    CHAPTER 3. MORALITY AND THE MORAL LIFE
    3.1 OVERVIEW: ETHICS AND THE MORAL DOMAIN
    Ethics and Morality
    Moral Theories
    Religion and Morality
    SHAFER-LANDAU: Whatever Happened to Good and Evil?
    3.2 MORAL RELATIVISM
    Subjective Relativism
    Cultural Relativism
    3.3 MORALITY BASED ON CONSEQUENCES
    Utilitarianism
    MILL: "What Utilitarianism Is"
    Ethical Egoism
    3.4 MORALITY BASED ON DUTY AND RIGHTS
    KANT: Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
    3.5 MORALITY BASED ON CHARACTER
    ARISTOTLE: Nicomachean Ethics
    SHAFER-LANDAU: The Fundamentals of Ethics
    3.6 FEMINIST ETHICS AND THE ETHICS OF CARE
    JAGGAR: "Feminist Ethics"
    CROSTHWAITE: "Gender and Bioethics"
    HELD: The Ethics of Care
    BAIER: "The Need for More Than Justice"
    3.7 ALBERT CAMUS: AN EXISTENTIALIST VOICE
    CAMUS: The Myth of Sisyphus
    Fiction: Ursula K. Le Guin, "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas"
    CHAPTER 4. MIND AND BODY
    4.1 OVERVIEW: THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM
    4.2 SUBSTANCE DUALISM
    DESCARTES: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason
    SCHICK: Doing Philosophy
    DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
    SEARLE: Mind
    4.3 MIND-BODY IDENTITY
    SMART: "Sensations and Brain Processes"
    CHALMERS: The Conscious Mind
    NAGEL: "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?"
    4.4 THE MIND AS SOFTWARE
    FODOR: "The Mind-Body Problem"
    BLOCK: "Troubles with Functionalism"
    SEARLE: Mind
    4.5 THE MIND AS PROPERTIES
    CHALMERS: The Conscious Mind
    Fiction: Terry Bisson, "They're Made Out of Meat"
    CHAPTER 5. FREE WILL AND DETERMINISM
    5.1 OVERVIEW: THE FREE WILL PROBLEM
    5.2 DETERMINISM AND INDETERMINISM
    D'HOLBACH: "Of the System of Man's Free Agency"
    JAMES: "The Dilemma of Determinism"
    5.3 COMPATIBILISM
    LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    STACE: Religion and the Modern Mind
    ROWE: "Two Concepts of Freedom"
    5.4 LIBERTARIANISM
    VAN INWAGEN: An Essay on Free Will
    TAYLOR: Metaphysics
    5.5 SARTRE'S PROFOUND FREEDOM
    SARTRE: "Existentialism Is a Humanism"
    Fiction: Thomas D. Davis, "A Little Omniscience Goes a Long Way"
    CHAPTER 6. KNOWLEDGE AND SKEPTICISM
    6.1 OVERVIEW: THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE
    6.2 THE RATIONALIST ROAD
    Plato's Rationalism
    PLATO: Meno
    Descartes' Doubt
    DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
    Descartes' Certainty
    DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
    6.3 THE EMPIRICIST TURN
    Locke
    LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    Berkeley
    BERKELEY: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge
    Hume
    HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
    6.4 THE KANTIAN COMPROMISE
    KANT: Critique of Pure Reason
    6.5 A FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE ON KNOWLEDGE
    AINLEY: "Feminist Philosophy"
    ANTONY: "Embodiment and Epistemology"
    ANDERSON: "Feminist Epistemology"
    COLE: Philosophy and Feminist Criticism
    Fiction: Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking-Glass
    CHAPTER 7. THE JUST SOCIETY
    7.1 OVERVIEW: JUSTICE AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
    7.2 PLATO'S THEORY: JUSTICE AS MERIT
    PLATO: The Republic
    7.3 SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORIES
    Hobbes
    HOBBES: Leviathan
    Locke
    LOCKE: Second Treatise of Government
    Rawls
    RAWLS: A Theory of Justice
    7.4 SOCIALIST THEORIES
    MARX AND ENGELS: Manifesto of the Communist Party
    7.5 FEMINISM AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
    OKIN: Justice, Gender, and the Family
    MILLER: Political Philosophy
    Fiction: William Golding, Lord of the Flies
    CHAPTER 8. THE MEANING OF LIFE
    8.1 OVERVIEW: PHILOSOPHY AND THE MEANING OF LIFE
    8.2 PESSIMISM: LIFE HAS NO MEANING
    TOLSTOY: My Confession
    SCHOPENHAUER: On the Sufferings of the World
    BAGGINI: What's It All About?
    8.3 OPTIMISM: LIFE CAN HAVE MEANING
    Meaning from Above
    TOLSTOY: My Confession
    BAGGINI What's It All About?
    Meaning from Below
    EDWARDS: The Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    Fiction: Voltaire, "The Good Brahmin"

    Appendix A. Answers to Exercises
    Appendix B. How to Write a Philosophy Paper
    Notes
    Glossary
    Credits
    Index of Marginal Questions
    General Index