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Cover

Philosophy for the 21st Century

A Comprehensive Reader

Edited by Steven M. Cahn

Publication Date - November 2002

ISBN: 9780195147926

864 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $92.95

Description

Philosophy for the 21st Century, an introductory anthology, is an extraordinarily comprehensive collection of historical and contemporary readings. It covers all major fields, including not only metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and philosophy of religion, but also philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, political philosophy, and philosophy of art. This volume is unique in drawing on the judgments of a new generation of scholars, each of whom has chosen the articles and provided the introduction for one section of the book. These associate editors--Delia Graff, Robin Jeshion, L. A. Paul, Jesse J. Prinz, Stuart Rachels, Gabriela Sakamoto, David Sosa, and Cynthia A. Stark--are at the forefront of 21st-century philosophy. Their selections include the work of such leading contemporary thinkers as Nancy Cartwright, Saul A. Kripke, David Lewis, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit, and Sydney Shoemaker, along with classic works from 2500 years of philosophy. The book has been structured to maximize continuity, and an introductory essay by Simon Blackburn explains the tools of symbolic logic. This groundbreaking volume sets a new standard for introducing students to the importance and fascination of philosophical inquiry.

Table of Contents

    Preface
    About the Editors
    INTRODUCTION
    What Is Philosophy?, Simon Blackburn
    The Elements of Logic, Simon Blackburn
    1. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
    Introduction, Steven M. Cahn
    Euthyphro, Plato
    The Ontological Argument, Saint Anselm
    In Behalf of the Fool, Gaunilo
    Critique of the Ontological Argument, Immanuel Kant
    Is Existence a Predicate?, G. E. Moore
    Why the Ontological Argument Fails, William L. Rowe
    Five Ways to Prove the Existence of God, Saint Thomas Aquinas
    The Cosmological Argument, Michael Martin
    Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, David Hume
    Why God Allows Evil, Richard Swinburne
    The Moriarty Hypothesis, Steven M. Cahn
    The Will to Believe, William James
    William James and the Will to Believe, Michael Martin
    The Hiddenness of God, Robert McKim
    2. EPISTEMOLOGY
    Introduction, David Sosa
    Meditations on First Philosophy, René Descartes
    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke
    Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous, George Berkeley
    Proof of an External World, G. E. Moore
    On Certainty, Ludwig Wittgenstein
    The Problem of the Criterion, Roderick M. Chisholm
    Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?, Edmund Gettier
    Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledge, Alvin I. Goldman
    Knowledge and Scepticism, Robert Nozick
    The Raft and the Pyramid: Coherence Versus Foundations in the Theory of Knowledge, Ernest Sosa
    Elusive Knowledge, David Lewis
    Epistemology Naturalized, W. V. O. Quine
    What Is "Naturalized Epistemology"?, Jaegwon Kim
    3. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
    Introduction, L. A. Paul
    An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume
    The Traditional Problem of Induction, Brian Skyrms
    The Inference to the Best Explanation, Gilbert Harman
    The Experimental Method, Rudolf Carnap
    Aspects of Scientific Explanation, Carl G. Hempel
    The Truth Doesn't Explain Much, Nancy Cartwright
    The New Riddle of Induction, Nelson Goodman
    The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas S. Kuhn
    Realism and the Theory-Dependence of Experimental Design, Richard N. Boyd
    4. METAPHYSICS
    Introduction, Delia Graff
    On the Relations of Universals and Particulars, Bertrand Russell
    Properties, D. M. Armstrong
    The Doctrine of Arbitrary Undetached Parts, Peter van Inwagen
    Many, but Almost One, David Lewis
    Of Identity and Diversity, John Locke
    Personal Identity and Memory, Sydney Shoemaker
    Personal Identity, Derek Parfit
    Of Motion, Aristotle
    Achilles and the Tortoise, Max Black
    Of the Idea of Necessary Connection, David Hume
    Causation, David Lewis
    The Sea-Battle Tomorrow, Aristotle
    The Problem of Future Contingencies, Richard Taylor
    Freedom and Necessity, A. J. Ayer
    Human Freedom and the Self, Roderick M. Chisholm
    Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility, Harry G. Frankfurt
    The Incompatibility of Free Will and Determinism, Peter van Inwagen
    5. PHILOSOPHY OF MIND
    Introduction, Jesse J. Prinz
    Meditations on First Philosophy, René Descartes
    The Causes of Behavior, B. F. Skinner
    Sensations and Brain Processes, J. J. C. Smart
    The Mind-Body Problem, Jerry A. Fodor
    Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Alan Turing
    Can Computers Think?, John Searle
    The "Causal Power"of Machines, Zenon Pylyshyn
    Functionalism, Qualia, and the Inverted Spectrum, Terrance Horgan
    Epiphenomenal Qualia, Frank Jackson
    Jackson's Knowledge Argument, Paul M. Churchland
    Consciousness Explained, Daniel C. Dennett
    6. PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE
    Introduction, Robin Jeshion
    On Sense and Meaning, Gottlob Frege
    On Denoting, Bertrand Russell
    Naming and Necessity, Saul A. Kripke
    Thoughts, Gottlob Frege
    The Problem of the Essential Indexical, John Perry
    Performative Utterances, J. L. Austin
    Logic and Conversation, Paul Grice
    7. ETHICS
    Introduction, Stuart Rachels
    The Subjectivity of Values, J. L. Mackie
    A Critique of Mackie, Ronald Dworkin
    A Proof of the Objectivity of Morals, Renford Bambrough
    Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill
    The Experience Machine, Robert Nozick
    Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant
    A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics, Onora O'Neill
    The Right and the Good, W. D. Ross
    The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, James Rachels
    Egoism and Moral Scepticism, James Rachels
    Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle
    After Virtue, Alasdair MacIntyre
    Living Ethically, Peter Singer
    The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn, Jonathan Bennett
    Moral Luck, Thomas Nagel
    The Punishment That Leaves Something to Chance, David Lewis
    Rich and Poor, Peter Singer
    Equality, Entitlements, and the Distribution of Income, John Arthur
    Kantian Deliberations on Famine Problems, Onora O'Neill
    Why We Have No Obligations to Animals, Immanuel Kant
    Constraints and Animals, Robert Nozick
    The Moral Argument for Vegetarianism, James Rachels
    Do Animals Have Rights?, Tibor R. Machan
    8. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
    Introduction, Cynthia A. Stark
    Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes
    Second Treatise of Government, John Locke
    A Theory of Justice, John Rawls
    Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick
    Illusions About Private Property and Freedom, G. A. Cohen
    The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self, Michael Sandel
    Markets in Women's Sexual Labor, Debra Satz
    9. PHILOSOPHY OF ART
    Introduction, Gabriela Sakamoto
    The Role of Theory in Aesthetics, Morris Weitz
    Defining Art, George Dickie
    The End of Art, Arthur C. Danto
    Glaring Omissions in Traditional Theories of Art, Peg Zeglin Brand
    Of the Standard of Taste, David Hume
    Critique of Judgment, Immanuel Kant
    Categories of Art, Kendall L. Walton
    The Very Idea of Art, Ted Cohen