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Cover

Patterns of World History, Combined Volume

Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George B. Stow

Publication Date - December 2011

ISBN: 9780195332872

1232 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 10 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $82.95

Simplifying the study of world history without over-simplifying the history of the world

Description

Patterns of World History offers a distinct framework for understanding the global past through the study of origins, interactions, and adaptations. Authors Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George Stow--each specialists in their respective fields--examine the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, even-handed, and critical fashion.

The book helps students to see and understand patterns through: ORIGINS - INTERACTIONS - ADAPTATIONS

These key features show the O-I-A framework in action:

* Seeing Patterns, a list of key questions at the beginning of each chapter, focuses students on the 3-5 over-arching patterns, which are revisited, considered, and synthesized at the end of the chapter in Thinking Through Patterns.

* Each chapter includes a Patterns Up Close case study that brings into sharp relief the O-I-A pattern using a specific idea or thing that has developed in human history (and helped, in turn, develop human history), like the innovation of the Chinese writing system or religious syncretism in India. Each case study clearly shows how an innovation originated either in one geographical center or independently in several different centers. It demonstrates how, as people in the centers interacted with their neighbors, the neighbors adapted to--and in many cases were transformed by--the idea, object, or event. Adaptations include the entire spectrum of human responses, ranging from outright rejection to creative borrowing and, at times, forced acceptance.

* Concept Maps at the end of each chapter use compelling graphical representations of ideas and information to help students remember and relate the big patterns of the chapter.

About the Author(s)

Peter von Sivers is an Associate Professor of History at the University of Utah.

Charles A. Desnoyers is an Associate Professor of History at La Salle University

George B. Stow is a Professor of History and the Director of the Graduate Program in History at La Salle University.

Reviews

"Patterns of World History is an excellent introduction for students into the vast subject of world history. The text's strength is its use of the overlaying theme of 'patterns.' For students, these patterns help them understand global history in a meaningful way. It gives them tools to understand how societies came about, how they interacted and what caused change in them. For instructors, the text provides an effective and flexible framework for engaging students to read, think, and write about world history--students will be 'seeing patterns'in no time."--Robert Bond, San Diego Mesa College

"Patterns of World History has set a new high benchmark for world history textbooks."--Candace Gregory, Sacramento State University

"If the 20th century was the information age, the 21st will require students to be able to analyze the flood of historical knowledge that has been put at their disposal. Patterns of World History not only introduces students to contemporary schools of thought in historical interpretation, but also challenges them to confront the past analytically."--Evan R. Ward, Brigham Young University

Table of Contents

    Each chapter contains Patterns Up Close, Concept Maps, Putting it All Together, Review and Respond, and Further Resources.

    Part 1: From Human Origins to Early Agricultural Centers, Prehistory-10,000 B.C.E.

    1. The African Origins of Humanity, Prehistory to 10,000 B.C.E.
    The Origins of Humanity
    Hominins: No Longer Apes but not yet Human
    Human Adaptations: From Africa to Eurasia and Australia
    The African Origins of Human Culture
    Migration from South Asia to Australia
    Migration from South Asia to Europe
    The Ice Age Crisis and Human Migration to the Americas
    The Ice Age

    2. Agrarian-Urban Centers of the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean, 11,500-600 B.C.E
    Agrarian Origins in the Fertile Crescent, c. 11,500-1,500 B.C.E
    Sedentary Foragers and Foraging Farmers
    The Origins of Urban Centers in Mesopotamia and Egypt
    Kingdoms in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Crete
    Interactions Among Multi-Ethnic and Multi-Religious Empires, c. 1500-600 B.C.E.
    The Hittite and Assyrian Empires, 1600-600 B.C.E.
    Small Kingdoms on the Imperial Margins, 1600-600 B.C.E.
    Religious Experience and Cultural Achievements

    3. Shifting Agrarian Centers in India, 3000-600 B.C.E.
    The Vanished Origins of Harappa 3000 to 1500 B.C.E
    The Region and People
    Adapting to Urban Life in the Indus Valley
    The Collapse of the Cities
    Interactions in Northern India 1500 to 600 B.C.E.
    The Vedic World, 1750 to 800 B.C.E.
    Statecraft and the Ideology of Power, 800 to 600 B.C.E.
    Indian Society, Culture, and Religion 1500 to 600 B.C.E.
    Society and Family in Ancient India
    Cultural Interactions to 600 B.C.E.

    4. Agrarian Patterns and the Mandate of Heaven in Ancient China, 5000-481 B.C.E.
    The Origins of Yellow River Cultures, 5000 to 1766 B.C.E.
    Geography and Climate
    The Origins of Neolithic Cultures
    The Age of Myth and the Xia Dynasty, 2852 to 1766 B.C.E.
    The Interactions of Shang and Zhou History and Politics, 1766 to 481 B.C.E.
    The Shang Dynasty, 1766 to 1122 B.C.E.
    The Mandate of Heaven: The Zhou Dynasty to 481 B.C.E.
    Economy, Society, and Family Adaptation in Ancient China
    Shang Society
    Interactions of Zhou Economy and Society
    Gender and the Family
    Interactions of Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life in Ancient China
    Oracle Bones and Early Chinese Writing
    Adaptations of Zhou Religion, Technology, and Culture

    5. Origins Apart: The Americas and Oceania, 30,000-600 B.C.E.
    The Americas: Hunters and Foragers 30,000 B.C.E. to 600 B.C.E.
    The Environment
    Human Migrations
    Agriculture, Villages, and Urban Life
    The Neolithic Revolution in the New World
    The Origins of Urban Life
    Foraging and Farming Societies outside the Andes and Mesoamerica
    The Origins of Pacific Island Migrations 6000 to 600 B.C.E.
    Lapita and Cultural Origins
    Creating Polynesia

    Part 2: The Age of Empires and Visionaries, 600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.

    6. Chiefdoms and Early States in Africa and the Americas, 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
    Agriculture and Early African Kingdoms
    Saharan Villages, Towns, and Kingdoms
    The Kingdom of Aksum
    The Spread of Villages in Sub-Saharan Africa
    West African Savanna and Rainforest Agriculture
    The Spread of Village Life to East and South Africa
    Patterns of African History, 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
    Early States in Mesoamerica: Maya Kingdoms and Teotihuacán
    The Maya Kingdoms in Southern Mesoamerica
    The Kingdom of Teotihuacán in the Mexican Basin
    The Andes: Moche and Nazca
    The Moche in Northern Peru
    Paracas and the Nazca in Southern Peru

    7. Persia, Greece, and Rome, 550 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
    Interactions between Persia and Greece
    The Origins of the Achaemenid Persian Empire
    Greek City-States in the Persian Shadow
    Alexander's Empire and Its Successor Kingdoms
    Interactions Between the Persian and Roman Empires
    Parthian Persia and Rome
    The Sasanian Persian and Late Roman Empires
    Adaptations to Monotheism in the Middle East
    Challenge to Polytheism: The Origins of Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Greek Philosophy
    Toward Religious Communities and Philosophical Schools
    The Beginnings of Science and the Cultures of Kings and Citizens
    The Sciences at the Museum of Alexandria
    Royal Persian Culture
    Greek and Roman Civic Culture

    8. Empires and Visionaries in India, 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
    Patterns of State Formation in India: Republics, Kingdoms, and Empires
    The Road to Empire: The Mauryas
    The Classical Age: The Gupta Empire
    The Southern Kingdoms, ca. 300 to 600 C.E.
    The Vedic Tradition and Its Visionary Reformers
    Reforming the Vedic Tradition
    The Maturity of Hinduism: From the Abstract to the Devotional
    Stability Amid Disorder: Economics, Family, and Society
    Tax and Spend: Economics and Society
    Caste, Family Life, and Gender
    Strength in Numbers: Art, Literature, and Science

    9. Imperial Unification and Perfecting the Moral Order in China, 722 B.C.E.-618 C.E.
    Visionaries and Empire
    Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism
    The Qin Dynasty
    The Han Dynasty
    The Domestic Economy: Society, Family, and Gender
    Industry and Commerce
    Gender Roles
    Intellectual Trends, Aesthetics, Science, and Technology
    Confucianism, Education, and History during the Han
    Buddhism in China
    Intellectual Life

    Part 3: From Regional Empires to Religious Civilizations, 600-1450 C.E.

    10. Islamic Civilization and Byzantium, 600-1300
    The Rise of Arab Dominance in the Middle East and Mediterranean
    From Rome and Persia to the Arab Empire
    From the Arab Empire to Islamic Civilization
    Byzantium: Survival and Recovery
    Islamic Civilization in the Commonwealth of Dynastic States, 900-1300
    Islamic and Eastern Christian Civilizations at their Height
    State and Society in Mamluk Egypt
    Commercial Relations from the Atlantic to the South China Sea
    Religion, Sciences, and the Arts in Two Religious Civilizations
    Islamic Culture: Intellectual and Scientific Expressions
    Artistic Expressions in Islamic Civilization

    11. Origins of the Western Christian World, 600-1400 C.E.
    The Formation of Christian Europe: 600-1000 C.E.
    Frankish Gaul and Latin Christianity
    Recovery, Reform, and Innovation: 1000-1300 C.E.
    The Political Recovery of Europe
    The Economic and Social Recovery of Europe
    Religious Reform and Expansion
    Intellectual and Cultural Developments
    Crisis and Creativity: 1300-1415
    The Calamitous Fourteenth Century
    Signs of a New Era in the Fifteenth Century

    12. Contrasting Patterns in India and China, 600-1600
    India: The Clash of Cultures
    India after the Guptas
    Islam in India, 711-1398
    Toward the Mughal Era, 1398-1450
    Interactions and Adaptations: From Buddhism to Neo-Confucian Synthesis in China
    Creating a Religious Civilization under the Tang
    The Song and Yuan Dynasties, 960 to 1368
    The Ming to 1450: The Quest for Stability
    Society, Family and Gender
    Perceptions of Perfection: Intellectual, Scientific and Cultural Life

    13. Religious Civilizations Interacting: Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia, 100 C.E.-1400 C.E.
    Korea to 1450
    People and Place: The Korean Environment
    Conquest and Competition: History and Politics to 1598
    Economy, Society, and Family
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    Japan to 1450
    The Island Refuge
    Adaptation at Arm's Length: History and Politics
    Economy, Society, and Family
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    Vietnam
    The Setting and Neolithic Cultures
    The "Far South": History and Politics to 1450
    Economy, Society, and Family
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life

    14. Patterns of State Formation in Africa, 600-1450
    Christian Kingdoms in the Northeast
    Nubia in the Middle Nile Valley
    Ethiopia in the Eastern Highlands
    Islamic City-States on the East African Coast and Traditional Kingdoms in South Africa
    The Swahili City-States on the East African Coast
    Traditional Kingdoms in South and Central Africa
    Central African Chiefdoms and Kingdoms
    From Traditional to Islamic Kingdoms in West Africa
    The Kingdom of Ancient Ghana
    The Empire of Mali
    Rainforest Kingdoms

    15. The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550
    The Legacy of Teotihuacán and the Toltecs in Meso- Militarism in the Mexican Basin
    Late Maya Kingdoms in Yucatán
    The Legacy of Tiwanaku and Wari in the Andes
    The Conquering State of Tiwanaku
    The Expanduing Kingdom of Wari
    American Empires: The Aztecs and Incas
    The Aztec Empire of Meso-America
    The Inca Empire of the Andes
    Imperial Society and Culture
    Imperial Capitals: Tenochtitlán and Cuzco
    Power and Its Cultural Expressions

    Part 4: Interactions across the Globe, 1450-1750

    16. The Ottoman-Hapsburg Struggle and European Overseas Expansion, 1450-1600
    The Muslim-Christian Competition in East and West, 1450-1600
    Iberian-Christian Expansion, 1415-1498
    Rise of the Ottomans and Struggle with the Habsburgs for Dominance, 1300-1609
    The Rise of the Centralized Fiscal-Military State
    State Transformation, Money, and Firearms
    Imperial Courts, Urban Fesivities, and the Arts
    The Spanish Habsburg Empire: Popular Festivities and the Arts
    The Ottoman Empire: Palaces, Festivities, and the Arts

    17. Renaissance, Reformation, and the New Science in Europe, 1450-1700
    Fiscal-Military States and Religious Upheavals
    The Rise of Fiscal-Military Kingdoms
    The Protestant Reformation, State Churches, and Independent Congregations
    Religious Wars and Political Restoration
    Cultural Transformations: Renaissance, New Science, and Early Enlightenment
    The Renaissance and Baroque Arts
    The Pioneers of the New Science
    The New Science and Its Impact
    The Early Enlightenment in Northwestern Europe

    18. New Patterns in New Worlds: Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800
    The Colonial Americas: Europe's Warm Weather Extension
    The Conquest of Mexico and Peru
    The Establishment of Colonial Institutions
    The Making of American Societies: Economic and Social Formation
    The Exploitation of the Mineral and Tropical Resources
    Shades of Skin Color: Social Strata, Castes, and Ethnic Groups
    The Adaptation of European Culture to the Americas

    19. African Kingdoms, The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Origins of Black America, 1450-1800
    African States and the Slave Trade
    The End of Empires in the North and the Rise of States in the Center
    Portugal's Explorations along the African Coast and Contacts with Ethiopia
    Coastal Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
    American Plantation Slavery and Atlantic Mercantilism
    The Special Case of Plantation Slavery in the Americas
    The "Peculiar Institution" in British North America
    The Fatal Triangle: The Economic Patterns of the Atlantic Slave Trade
    Cultural Identity in the African Diaspora

    20. The Mughal Empire: Muslim Rulers and Hindu Subjects, 1400-1750
    History and Political Life of the Mughals
    From Samarkand to Hindustan
    The Summer and Autumn of Empire
    Administration, Society, and Economics
    Mansabdars and Bureaucracy
    The Mughals and Early Modern Economics
    Society, Family, and Gender
    Science, Religion, and the Arts
    Science and Technology
    Religion: In Search of Balance
    Literature and Art

    21. Regulating the "Inner" and the "Outer" Domains of China and Japan, 1500-1800
    Late Ming and Qing China to 1750
    From Expansion to Exclusion
    The Spring and Summer of Power: The Qing to 1750
    Village and Family Life
    Science, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    The Long War and Longer Peace: Japan, 1450 to 1750
    The Struggle for Unification
    The Tokugawa Bakufu to 1750
    Growth and Stagnation: Economy and Society
    Hothousing "Japaneseness": Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life

    Part 5: The Origins of Modernity, 1750-1900

    22. Nation-States and Patterns of Culture in Europe and North America, 1750-1871
    Constitutional Nation-States: 1750-
    The American and French Revolutions
    Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation
    Early and Late Enlightenment
    The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnic Nationalism
    The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871
    Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848
    Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1865
    Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850
    Romanticism
    Realism

    23. Industrialization and its Discontents
    The Industrialization of Europe and the West: 1760-1914
    Early Industrialism: 1750-1870
    The Spread of Early Industrialism
    Late Industrialism: 1871-1914
    The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism: 1750-1914
    Demographic Changes
    Industrial Society
    Critics of Industrialization
    Improved Standards of Living
    Improved Urban Living
    Big Business
    Intellectual and Cultural Responses in the Age of Industrialism
    Scientific and Intellectual Developments
    Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion
    Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts

    24. The Challenge of Modernity: East Asia, 1750 - 1900
    China and Japan in the Age of Imperialism
    China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839
    The Opium Wars and Treaty Port Era
    Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900
    In Search of Security Through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era
    Economics and Society in Late Qing China
    The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order
    Culture, Arts, and Science
    Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economics and Society in Meiji Japan
    Commerce and Cartels
    "Enlightenment and Progress": Science, Culture, and the Arts

    25. Adaption and Resistance: The Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1683-1908
    Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire
    Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s
    The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses
    Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge
    Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia
    Russia and Westernization
    Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century
    The Great Reforms
    Russian Industrialization
    The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905

    26. The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century
    The British Colonies of India, Australia, and New Zealand
    The British East India Company
    Direct British Rule
    The British Settler Colonies of Australia and New Zealand
    European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa
    The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West
    The Scramble for Africa
    Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia
    The Dutch in Indonesia
    Spain in the Philippines
    The French in Vietnam

    27. Creoles and Caudillos: Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
    Independence, Authoritarianism, and Political Instability
    Independence and Political Development in the North: Haiti and Mexico
    Independence and Development in Northern South America
    Independence and Development in Southern and Western South America
    Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic
    Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century
    Rebuilding Societies and Economies
    Export-Led Growth
    Women, Family, and Culture

    Part 6: Adaptations to Modernity across the Globe, 1900-Present

    28. World War and Competing Visions of Modernity to 1945
    The Great War and its Aftermath
    A Savage War and a Flawed Peace
    America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression
    Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Empires
    Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes
    New Variations on Modernity: The Soviet Union and Communism
    The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union
    The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization
    New Variations on Modernity: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan
    From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich
    Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity

    29. Reconstruction, the Cold War, and Decolonization 1945-1962
    Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism
    The Cold War Era, 1945-1962
    Society and Culture in Post-War North America, Europe, and Japan
    Populism and Industrialization in Latin America
    Slow Social Change
    Populist Guided Democracy
    The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations
    "China Has Stood Up"
    Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East
    Decolonization and the Cold War in Asia
    Decolonization and Cold War in Sub-Saharan Africa

    30. The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World 1963-1991
    The Climax of the Cold War
    The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline
    Transforming the West
    Civil Rights Movements
    From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991
    China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations
    Vietnam: War and Unification
    The Middle East
    Africa: From Independence to Development

    31. Globalization and Challenges to Modernity, 1991-Present
    Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity
    A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s
    The Communist Holdouts: North Korea, Cuba, China, and Vietnam
    A Decade of Global Shifts: Twenty-First Century Currents and Cross-Currents
    The Environmental Limits of Modernity

    Key Terms
    Credits
    Index

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