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Cover

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy

Fourth Edition

Dr. William Nesse

Publication Date - March 2012

ISBN: 9780199846276

384 pages
Hardcover
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $142.95

Comprehensive coverage of the optical properties of over 125 rock-forming minerals and a selection of common ore minerals

Description

The fourth edition of Introduction to Optical Mineralogy has been thoroughly revised and updated to increase reading comprehension and improve the clarity of its illustrations. Author William D. Nesse continues his detailed discussions of the petrographic microscope, the nature and properties of light, and the behavior of light in isotropic and anisotropic minerals, with detailed coverage of uniaxial and biaxial optics. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in optical mineralogy, this accessible text is also an essential resource for petrology and petrography courses.

New to this Edition

  • -Revised mineral descriptions, including new data that is consistent with current classification systems
  • -Greater emphasis on color-blindness issues
  • -Additional coverage of the historical roots of optical mineralogy
  • -Additional minerals described in detail
  • -A new interference color chart with superior color rendition
  • -Updated references

Features

  • Detailed mineral descriptions featuring the most up-to-date research
  • Illustrations and text feature increased clarity for maximum comprehension and retention

About the Author(s)

William D. Nesse is the Chair and Professor of Geology at the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Northern Colorado.

Previous Publication Date(s)

August 2003
February 1991
June 1986

Reviews

"Nesse's Introduction to Optical Mineralogy is one of the best books ever written on this topic."--Mark R. Colberg, Southern Utah University

"Nesse has the most detailed descriptions of the optical properties of rock-forming minerals of any book around."--Jane Selverstone, University of New Mexico

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1

    Light
    The Nature of Light
    Electromagnetic Radiation
    Phase
    The Perception of Color
    Interaction of Light and Matter
    Transmitted Light
    Velocity
    Index of Refraction

    Reflection
    Critical Angle and Total Internal Reflection
    Optical Class
    Optical Indicatrix
    Dispersion
    Light Absorption and Color
    Polarized Light
    Polarization by Double Refraction
    Polarization by Reflection
    Polarization by Scattering

    Chapter 2

    The Petrographic Microscope
    Direction Conventions
    Samples
    Illuminator
    Substage Assembly
    Microscope Stage
    Objective Lenses
    Epi-Illuminator
    Upper Polarizer
    Bertrand Lens
    Ocular
    Focusing Mechanism
    Accessories
    Additional Equipment
    General Care of the Microscope
    Adjustment of the Microscope
    Adjusting the Oculars
    Focusing
    Adjusting the Illuminator
    Centering the Objectives
    Adjusting the Substage
    Alignment of Polarizers
    General Considerations

    Chapter 3

    Refractometry
    Relief
    Becke Line Method
    Dispersion Effects
    Oblique Illumination Method
    Practical Considerations
    Accuracy of the Immersion Method
    Determining Indices of Refraction in Thin Section

    Chapter 4

    Optics of Isotropic Materials
    Isotropic Indicatrix
    Distinguishing Between Isotropic and Anisotropic Minerals
    Identification of Isotropic Minerals
    Grain Mount
    Thin Section

    Chapter 5

    Optics of Anisotropic Minerals: Introduction
    Interference Phenomena
    Monochromatic Illumination
    Retardation
    Birefringence
    Interference of the Two Rays

    Polychromatic Illumination
    Orders of Interference Colors
    Anomalous Interference Colors
    Determining Thickness of a Sample
    Thin Section
    Grain Mount
    Determining Birefringence from the
    Color Chart
    Thin Section
    Grain Mount
    Recognizing the Different Orders of
    Interference Colors
    Extinction
    Categories of Extinction
    Use of the Accessory Plates
    Sign of Elongation
    Relief
    Pleochroism

    Chapter 6

    Uniaxial Optics
    Optic Sign
    Crystallographic Considerations
    Uniaxial Indicatrix
    Use of the Indicatrix
    Birefringence and Interference Colors
    Extinction
    Tetragonal Minerals
    Hexagonal Minerals
    Rhombohedral Cleavage
    Prismatic and Pinacoidal Cleavage

    Pleochroism
    Interference Figure
    Optic Axis Interference Figure
    Formation of Isochromes
    Formation of Isogyres
    Determining Optic Sign
    Off -Center Optic Axis Figure

    Flash Figure
    Selecting Grains to Give Interference Figures
    Optic Axis Figure
    Flash Figure
    Determining Indices of Refraction
    Grain Mount
    Determining nv
    Determining ne

    Thin Section
    Spindle Stage

    Chapter 7

    Biaxial Optics
    Biaxial Indicatrix
    Mathematical Relationships
    Use of the Indicatrix
    Normal Incidence Parallel to an Indicatrix Axis
    Normal Incidence Parallel to an Optic Axis
    Normal Incidence In a Random Direction
    Inclined Incidence
    Crystallographic Orientation of Indicatrix Axes
    Orthorhombic Minterals
    Monoclininc Minerals
    Triclinic Minerals
    Biaxial Interference Figure
    Acute Bisectrix Figure
    Formation of Isochromes
    Vibration Directions and Formation of Isogyres

    Centered Optic Axis Figure
    Obtuse Bisectrix Figure
    Optic Normal Figure
    Off -Center Figures
    Selecting Grains to Produce Interference Figures
    Determining Optic Sign
    Acute Bisectrix Figure
    Obtuse Bisectrix Figure
    Optic Axis Figure
    Flash Figures
    Determining 2V
    2V Versus 2E
    Mallard's Method
    Tobi's Method
    Kamb's Method
    Wright Method
    Pleochroism
    Extinction
    Orthorhombic Minerals
    Monoclinic Minerals
    Triclinic Minerals
    Sign of Elongation
    Indices of Refraction
    Grain Mount
    Spindle Stage
    Dispersion in Biaxial Minerals
    Orthorhombic Minerals
    Monoclinic Minerals
    Triclinic Minerals

    Chapter 8

    Reflected Light Optics
    Physical Properties Observed with Polished Sections
    Crystal Form and Habit
    Hardness
    Observation in Plane Polarized Light
    Reflectance
    Bireflectance
    Measurement of Reflectance and Bireflectance
    Color and Pleochroism
    Isotropic Minerals
    Anisotropic Minerals

    Observations with Crossed Polarizers
    Polarization Colors
    Isotropic Minerals
    Anisotropic Minerals

    Internal Reflection
    Observations Related to Conoscopic Illumination
    Practical Considerations

    Chapter 9

    Identification of Minerals
    Descriptive Features
    Cleavage
    Twinning
    Alteration
    Association
    Tactics for Mineral Identification
    Thin Section Identification
    Grain Mount Identification
    Polished Section Identification
    Use of the Identification Tables
    Nonminerals
    Problems in Paradise
    Inconsistencies in Crystallographic Settings
    Poor Data

    Chapter 10

    Framework Silicates
    Silica Group
    Quartz
    Chalcedony
    Tridymite
    Cristobalite
    Opal
    Volcanic Glass
    Feldspars
    Plagioclase
    Thin Section
    Grain Mount

    Alkali Feldspars
    Sanidine
    Orthoclase
    Microcline
    Adularia
    Anorthoclase
    Feldspathoids
    Nepheline
    Sodalite Group
    Leucite
    Cancrinite-Vishnevite
    Zeolites
    Analcime (Analcite)
    Natrolite
    Th omsonite
    Stilbite
    Chabazite
    Heulandite
    Laumontite
    Other Framework Silicates
    Scapolite

    Chapter 11

    Sheet Silicates
    TO Layer Silicates
    Kaolinite
    Serpentine
    TOT Layer Silicates
    Pyrophyllite
    Talc
    TOT + Interlayer Cation Layer Silicates
    Muscovite
    Biotite
    Lepidolite
    Glauconite
    Margarite
    Clintonite
    TOT + O Layer Silicates
    Chlorite
    Clay Minerals
    Other Sheet Silicates
    Stilpnomelane
    Prehnite
    Apophyllite

    Chapter 12

    Chain Silicates
    Pyroxenes
    Enstatite-Ferrosilite (Orthopyroxene)
    Pigeonite
    Calcic Clinopyroxene (Augite)
    Aegirine, Aegirine-Augite
    Omphacite
    Jadeite
    Spodumene
    Amphiboles
    Anthophyllite
    Gedrite
    Cummingtonite-Grunerite
    Tremolite-Actinolite-Ferro-actinolite
    Hornblende
    "Oxyhornblende"
    Kaersutite
    Richterite
    Arfvedsonite and Eckermannite
    Glaucophane-Riebeckite Series
    Pyroxenoids
    Wollastonite
    Rhodonite
    Pectolite
    Other Chain Silicates
    Sapphirine

    Chapter 13

    Disilicates and Ring Silicates
    Disilicates
    Lawsonite
    Pumpellyite
    Melilite
    Vesuvianite (Idocrase)
    Epidote Group
    Zoisite
    Clinozoisite-Epidote
    Piemontite
    Allanite
    Ring Silicates
    Tourmaline
    Axinite
    Beryl
    Cordierite

    Chapter 14

    Orthosilicates
    Olivine
    Monticellite
    Humite Group
    Garnet Group
    Andalusite
    Sillimanite
    Kyanite
    Staurolite
    Chloritoid
    Titanite (Sphene)
    Topaz
    Zircon
    Dumortierite

    Chapter 15

    Carbonates, Borates, Sulfates, and Phosphates
    Carbonates
    Calcite
    Magnesite
    Siderite
    Rhodochrosite
    Dolomite-Ankerite
    Aragonite
    Strontianite
    Witherite
    Malachite
    Azurite
    Borates
    Borax
    Colemanite
    Sulfates
    Barite
    Celestine (Celestite)
    Gypsum
    Anhydrite
    Alunite
    Phosphates
    Apatite
    Monazite
    Xenotime

    Chapter 16

    Native Elements, Sulfides, Halides, Oxides, and Hydroxides

    Native Elements
    Sulfur
    Graphite
    Gold
    Silver
    Copper
    Sulfides and Related Minerals
    Pyrite
    Marcasite
    Sphalerite
    Galena
    Pyrrhotite
    Chalcopyrite
    Halides
    Halite
    Sylvite
    Fluorite
    Oxides
    Periclase
    Cuprite
    Rutile
    Anatase
    Cassiterite
    Corundum
    Hematite
    Ilmenite
    Perovskite
    The Spinel Group
    Spinel Series
    Magnetite
    Chromite
    Chrysoberyl
    Hydroxides
    Brucite
    Gibbsite
    Diaspore
    Böhmite (Boehmite)
    Goethite
    Lepidocrocite
    Limonite

    Appendix A: Sample Preparation
    Grain Mount
    Thin Section
    Spindle Stage
    Polished Section

    Appendix B: Identification Tables

    Appendix C: Mineral Associations

    Mineral Index

    Subject Index