We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Cover

Good Reasoning Matters!

A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking

Fifth Edition

Edited by Leo Groarke and Christopher Tindale

Publication Date - December 2012

ISBN: 9780195445756

480 pages
Paperback
7.0 x 9.0 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $74.95

Description

Designed to help students develop the quality of their thinking and to respond effectively to often confusing and contradictory messages, Good Reasoning Matters! offers an indispensable guide to evaluating and constructing arguments. In addition to examining the most common features of faulty reasoning, the text introduces a variety of argument schemes and rhetorical techniques that will help students solve problems and construct sound arguments. Extensive exercises and examples taken from such sources as social media sites, newspapers, and topical news articles encourage students to consider a wide range of views and perspectives.

The fifth edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, extensive revised exercises, and a revamped Companion Website.

Previous Publication Date(s)

December 2012
April 2008
March 2004

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    1. MAKING ROOM FOR ARGUMENT
    1. Why Make Room for an Argument?
    2. Defining Argument
    3. Arguers and Systems of Belief
    4. Audiences
    5. Opponents and Proponents
    6. Summary
    2. BIAS: READING BETWEEN THE LINES
    1. Bias
    2. Detecting Illegitimate Biases
    3. Difficult Cases
    4. Summary
    3. ARGUMENTS, WEAK AND STRONG
    1. Burden of Proof
    2. Strong Arguments
    3. Logical Consequence: Deductive and Inductive Validity
    4. Contextual Relevance
    5. Schemes and Counter-Schemes
    6. Summary
    4. DRESSING ARGUMENTS
    1. Simple and Extended Arguments
    2. Inference Indicators: Distinguishing Arguments and Non-Arguments
    3. Arguments without Indicator Words
    4. Arguments and Explanations
    5. Argument Narratives
    6. Summary
    5. ARGUMENT DIAGRAMS
    1. Argument Diagrams: Simple Arguments
    2. Diagramming Extended Arguments
    3. Linked and Convergent Premises
    4. Supplemented Diagram
    5. Diagramming Your Own Arguments
    6. Summary
    6. HIDDEN ARGUMENT COMPONENTS
    1. Speech Acts and the Principles of Communication
    2. Hidden Conclusions
    3. Hidden Premises
    4. Non-Verbal Elements in Argument: Flags and Demonstrations
    5. Symbols and Metaphors
    6. A Note on Argument Construction
    7. Summary
    7. DEFINITIONS: SAYING WHAT YOU MEAN
    1. Using Words Precisely
    2. Vagueness and Ambiguity
    3. Formulating Definitions
    4. Rules for Good Definitions
    5. Expressing Your Intended Meaning
    6. Summary
    8. WEIGHING EVIDENCE
    1. Acceptable, Unacceptable, or Questionable?
    2. Conditions of Acceptability
    3. Conditions of Unacceptability
    4. Internal Relevance
    5. Sufficiency
    6. Applying the Criteria
    7. Summary
    9. LOOKING FOR THE FACTS
    1. Generalizations
    2. Polling
    3. General Causal Reasoning
    4. Summary
    10. MORE EMPIRCAL SCHEMES AND THE REASONS OF SCIENCE
    1. Particular Causal Reasoning
    2. Arguments From Ignorance
    3. Scientific Reasoning
    4. Summary
    11. SCHEMES OF VALUE
    1. Slippery-Slope Arguments
    2. Arguments from Analogy
    3. Appeals to Precedent
    4. Two-Wrongs Reasoning
    12. ETHOTIC SCHEMES
    1. Pro Homine
    2. Ad Populum Arguments
    3. Arguments from Authority
    4. Ad Hominem
    5. Arguments Against Authority
    6. Appeal to Eyewitness Testimony
    7. Guilt (and Honour) by Association
    8. Other Cases
    9. Summary
    13. ESSAYING AN ARGUMENT
    1. The Good Evaluative Critique
    2. The Good Argumentative Essay
    3. A Student's Paper
    4. Conclusion
    5. Summary
    Appendix A. SYLLOGISMS: CLASSIFYING ARGUMENTS
    1. Categorical Statements
    2. Immediate Inferences
    3. Categorical Syllogisms
    4. Venn Diagrams
    Appendix B. PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC I
    1. Simple and Complex Propositions
    2. Disjunctions and Conditionals
    3. Translation
    4. Propositional Schemes and Proofs
    Appendix C. PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC II
    1. Conditional Proofs
    2. Reductio ad Absurdum
    3. Dilemmas
    4. De Morgan's Laws
    5. Summary: Rules of Inference
    Glossary
    Credits
    Index