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Cover

Exploring Biological Anthropology

An Integrated Lab Manual and Workbook

Frank L'Engle Williams

Publication Date - August 2009

ISBN: 9780195386851

256 pages
Paperback
8 1/2 X 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $62.95

A fresh approach that really focuses on the scientific method

Description

A fresh approach that helps students apply scientific principles to solve real-world problems

Designed for introductory courses in biological anthropology with laboratory components, Exploring Biological Anthropology can be used with any introductory text. Author Frank L'Engle Williams emphasizes critical thinking and the comparative perspective to understand key concepts in biological anthropology, which helps students to further explore what they learn in the classroom.

Features

  • Includes 16 chapters that can easily be covered in one semester, all of which are explicitly designed to stimulate critical thinking skills and help students better understand the major concepts of biological anthropology
  • Each chapter is written in three parts: a background section on the lab topic; an introduction to the exercise; and a step-by-step lab, most of which are hands-on
  • Enhanced images from the Bioarchaeology Laboratory in the Department of Anthropology at Georgia State University (also included in full-color on an in-text DVD)
  • Five appendices provide a useful primate fossil record and geological time scale, learning assessment outcomes, a correlation chart that pairs the lab exercises to introductory texts, an optional lab using statistics, and lab materials needed for hands-on completion of the exercises
  • An Instructor's Manual on CD, available upon adoption, supplies model answers to the questions in each chapter

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Chapter 1: Biological anthropology and the scientific method
    Background
    Scientific inquiry
    Critical thinking
    Hypothesis, fact and theory
    Laboratory 1: Epistemology and the scientific method
    Chapter 2: Evolutionary theory
    Background
    Evolutionary theory
    Natural selection
    Genetic drift and gene flow
    Laboratory introduction: Darwinian medicine, fertility, and health
    Pathogens
    Microbial communities
    Human reproduction
    Laboratory 2: Explain these evolutionary scenarios
    Chapter 3: Genetics
    Background
    Mendelian inheritance
    Mendelian versus polygenic traits
    Protein synthesis
    Cellular reproduction
    Laboratory introduction: Prediction in genetics
    ABO blood group
    Hardy-Weinberg
    Autosomal and sex-lined traits
    Genotype and phenotype
    Laboratory 3: Punnett Squares, ABO and Hardy-Weinberg
    Chapter 4: Human osteology
    Part 1: The human skeleton
    Vertebral column
    Pelvis
    Pectoral girdle
    Appendicular skeleton
    Skull
    Worksheet for Lab 4: Identification of features
    Laboratory 4 (part 1): Quiz on skeletal features

    Part 2: Estimating age and sex
    Aging nonadults
    Aging adults
    Sex estimation
    Laboratory 4 (part 2): Age and sex estimation in Homo sapiens
    Chapter 5: Living Primates
    Background
    Diet, locomotion and social behavior
    Primate Taxonomy
    Laboratory introduction: Methods for observing primate behavior
    Sampling procedures
    Formats for recording observations
    Testing research questions
    Social behavior categories
    Laboratory 5 (option 1): Observing primates
    Laboratory 5 (option 2): Diet, morphology and body size

    Chapter 6: Primate classification and comparative anatomy
    Background
    Phylogeny and taxonomy
    Co-opting of traits
    Phylogeny worksheet
    Laboratory introduction: Functional and craniodental anatomy
    Functional anatomy
    Teeth
    Sexual dimorphism
    Laboratory 6: Comparative anatomy
    Chapter 7: Dating methods and paleoecology
    Background
    Laboratory introduction: Dating methods and habitat reconstruction
    Stratigraphy, biostratigraphy and biochronology
    Chronometric dating
    Fluorine dating
    Paleomagnetic dating
    South African caves
    East African stratigraphic sequences
    Reconstructing the context of the remains
    Laboratory 7: Dating fossils and interpreting diet
    Chapter 8: Primate evolution
    Background
    Precambrian
    Paleozoic era
    Mesozoic era
    Cenozoic era
    Laboratory introduction: The primate fossil record
    Early primates
    Anthropoids
    Apes
    Early bipeds
    Ceropithecid monkeys
    Laboratory 8: The evolution of primates, Eocene to Miocene
    Chapter 9: Last common ancestor and bipedalism
    Background
    Laboratory introduction: Anatomy of bipedalism
    Laboratory 9: Structure and function of bipedal locomotion
    Chapter 10: Australopithecus
    Background
    South African Australopithecus
    Robust australopithecines
    Laboratory introduction: Plio-Pleistocene Australopithecus
    Laboratory 10: Craniofacial anatomy of Australopithecus
    Chapter 11: Early Homo and Homo erectus
    Background
    Increasing brain size
    Life ways
    Migration out of Africa
    Laboratory introduction: The evolution and extinction of Homo erectus
    History of discovery
    Taxonomy
    Cranial morphology
    Laboratory 11: Pleistocene Homo
    Chapter 12: Archaic H. sapiens
    Background
    Isolation and Homo floresiensis
    Neandertals
    Historical perspectives
    Skeletal traits
    Genetics
    Laboratory introduction: Upper Pleistocene remains of late archaic humans
    Growth and development
    Neurocranium
    Face
    Postcranium
    Laboratory 12: Morphology, development and paleodemography in Archaic H. sapiens
    Chapter 13: Modern human origins
    Background
    Modernity
    Evolution of language
    Laboratory introduction: Archaic and modern H. sapiens
    Laboratory 13: Modern humans and their relatives

    Chapter 14: Human variation
    Background
    Australia and the Americas
    Categorical race and the type concept
    Laboratory introduction: Adaptive and nonadaptive patterns of human variation
    Skin complexion
    Clinal distributions
    Male and female
    Laboratory 14: Human variation
    Chapter 15: Forensic anthropology and bioarchaeology
    Background
    Age, sex and stature estimation
    Stature
    Ancestry
    Bioarchaeology
    Laboratory introduction: Skeletal trauma and pathology
    Laboratory 15: Mock cases and skeletal pathology

    Chapter 16: Human adaptation
    Background
    Laboratory introduction: Life history theory
    Human growth and development
    Adult stature
    Life expectancy with respect to subsistence patterns
    The grandmother and embodied capital hypotheses
    Laboratory 16: Maturation and mortality
    Appendix 1: Primate fossil record and geological time scale in millions of years (mya)
    Appendix 2: Assessment of learning outcomes
    Appendix 3: Textbook correlation table
    Appendix 4: Optional laboratory using statistics
    Appendix 5: Materials for labs
    Glossary
    Bibliography
    Index