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Cover

Doing Grammar

Fifth edition

Max Morenberg

Publication Date - November 2013

ISBN: 9780199947331

384 pages
Paperback
5-1/2 x 8-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $64.95

The most practical and affordable Advanced English Grammar textbook on the market

Description

Doing Grammar is a practical and lively guide to discovering how the English language works. Using strong visuals and an engaging style, Max Morenberg builds upon traditional frameworks with modern linguistic theories and provides accessible explanations for the composition of sentences. Now in its fifth edition, Doing Grammar includes up-to-date examples and features, while retaining its unique voice.

New to this Edition

  • * Reorganized to begin with easy-to-grasp concepts, like parts of speech
  • * Expanded coverage of syntax, punctuation, style and usage, and current grammar anecdotes, with special attention paid to ESL/ELL topics and new compositional contexts like social media
  • * Updated boxed features on practical issues, including controversies in grammar, and new "Try This" exercises, end-of-chapter summaries, and critical-thinking questions

About the Author(s)

Max Morenberg was Professor of English Emeritus at Miami University of Ohio, where he codirected the Ohio Writing Project.

Previous Publication Date(s)

November 2013
December 2009
January 2002

Reviews

"Doing Grammar makes grammar concepts easy for anyone to understand."--Isabel Serrano, Ball State University

"Morenberg manages to teach grammar in a playful, yet effective way. The fifth edition is a constructive and pedagogically valuable instructional tool that illustrates the power of linguistic analysis for teaching purposes."--Heidi Waltz, University of California-Riverside

Table of Contents

    Preface
    1. Relating Words, Phrases, and Slots
    What Grammar Does
    Grammar and Our View of Language
    Parts of Speech
    What Nouns Do
    Verbs, Modal Auxiliaries, and Tense
    Adjectives and Noun Characteristics
    Adverbs Orient Readers and Listeners
    Prepositions Precede Noun Phrases
    Try This
    Words and Grammar
    Grammatical Slots Identify Phrases
    Grammatical Analysis and Chicken Parts
    Heads, Attributes, and Hierarchies
    Basic Sentence Structure
    The Yes/No Question Test
    Knowledge and Practice
    Chapter Summary: Words, Hierarchies, and Constituents
    --EXERCISES
    --I. IDENTIFYING SENTENCE CONSTITUENTS
    Thinking Critically about Grammar
    2. Identifying Verbs and Core Sentences
    Verbs and Core Sentences
    Verbs: The Basic Sentence Components
    --Intransitive Verbs
    --Linking Verbs
    --Transitive Verbs
    --Two-Place Transitive Verbs
    ---Vg Verbs
    ---Vc Verbs
    --Two-Place Transitives as Transitives
    --The Verb BE
    Verbs and Slots and Sentence Nuclei
    Verbs Change Types
    Try This
    Reference Material
    Tree Diagrams
    Diagrams as Tools
    Multiple-Word Verbs
    Chapter Summary: The Six Verb Types
    --EXERCISES
    --I. IDENTIFYING VERB TYPES
    3. Expanding Verb Phrases
    Tense, Modality, and Aspect
    Status of the Main Verb
    Verb Form
    Finiteness
    Mood and Purpose
    Conditional Mood
    Conditional Mood and Possibility
    Future Time and Conditional Mood Again
    So You Say
    Aspect
    --Perfect Aspect
    --Past Participles
    --Progressive Aspect
    --Present Participles
    Conditional, Perfective, and Progressive
    Tense Form of Main Verb
    How to Expand a Main Verb
    Regular and Irregular Verbs
    So You Say
    Chapter Summary: Components of the Main Verb
    --EXERCISES
    --I. CHANGING MAIN-VERB FORMS
    --II. IDENTIFYING VERB STATUS AND ANALYZING SENTENCES
    Thinking Critically about Grammar
    4. Exploring Noun Phrases
    Noun Phrase Components
    Proper and Common Nouns
    Determiners
    --Definite Articles
    --Demonstratives
    --Possessive Pronouns
    --Numbers
    --Prearticles
    Try This
    Postnoun Modifiers
    Genitives
    "Genitive" Rather than "Possessive"
    Personal, Reflexive, and Indefinite Pronouns
    So You Say
    Chapter Summary: Function Words Can Expand Noun Phrases
    --EXERCISES
    --I. IDENTIFYING NOUN CONSTITUENTS AND ANALYZING SENTENCES
    Thinking Critically about Grammar
    5. Rearranging and Compounding
    Changing Core Sentences
    Making Negative Sentences
    Changing Statements into Yes/No Questions
    Wh-Question Sentences
    Passive Sentences
    --Deleting "By" from a Passive
    --Core Arrangement of Passive Constituents
    --Past Participles and Adjectives
    -- "Get" as a Passive Auxiliary
    --Rearranging a Passive Sentence
    --Status and Passive
    Existential-There Sentences
    Expletives
    Imperative Sentences
    --Deleting "You" and "Will" from Imperative Sentences
    --Diagraming Imperative Sentences
    --Imperative Sentences Lack Tense
    --The Negative Form of Imperatives
    Compounding Structures
    --Coordinate and Correlative Conjunctions
    --Conjoining and Commas
    --Attaching Conjunctions
    --Parallel Structure
    Try This
    Conjunctive Adverbs
    Chapter Summary: Rearranging and Compounding Core Sentences
    --EXERCISES
    --I. REARRANGING AND COMPOUNDING SENTENCES
    --II. ANALYZING SENTENCES
    Thinking Critically about Grammar
    6. Constructing Relative Clauses
    Dependent Clauses
    Little Sentences Combine to Make Big Sentences
    Why We Combine Clauses
    A Relative Clause Embeds into a Noun Phrase
    The Way It Was Is the Way It Is
    Relative Clauses and Sentences
    Restrictive Relative Clauses as Adjectives
    Making a Relative Clause
    Relative Pronouns Replace Noun Phrases
    "Whose" Replaces a Possessive Pronoun or a Genitive Noun
    Relative Pronouns in Prepositional Phrases
    The Functions of Fronted Relatives
    Find the Constituents of the Relative Clause
    Deleting Object Noun Phrases from Relative Clauses
    Embedding Relative Clauses into Subordinate Clauses
    Chapter Summary: Constituents in Independent or Dependent Clauses
    --EXERCISES
    --I. COMBINING SENTENCES
    --II. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCES
    --III. ANALYZING SENTENCES
    7. Reducing Relative Clauses to Phrases
    Deriving Prepositional and Participial Phrases
    Reducing Clauses
    Embedding Phrases
    Participial Phrases are Verb Phrases
    Making Some Verbs into Present Participles
    Deriving Past Participial Phrases
    Embedded Prepositional Phrases
    Constituency: Adjective or Adverbs
    How the Components of an Embedded Phrase Function
    Prepositional Phrases Headed by "With"
    We Won't Derive One-Word Modifiers
    Embedded Phrases and Commas
    Making Long Sentences from Just a Few Kinds of Phrases and Clauses
    The Clauses That Underlie a Sentence's Constituents
    Grammatical Ambiguity
    Chapter Summary: Phrases Derived from Relative Clauses
    --EXERCISES
    --I. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCES
    --II. COMBINING SENTENCES
    --III. ANALYZING SENTENCES
    8. Making Noun Clauses, Gerunds, and Infinitives
    Noun Clauses, Gerunds, and Infinitives Fill Noun Phrase Slots
    That-Clauses
    Noun Clauses Fill Noun Phrase Slots
    Extraposing That-Clauses
    Some Sentences with Expletives and Noun Clauses Don't Seem to Be Derived
    Wh-Subordinators Act as Content Words within Noun Clauses
    Wh-Clauses Are Related to Question Sentences
    Reducing Clauses to Infinitive Phrases
    Infinitives without "To"
    Infinitive Phrases Introduced by "For... To"
    Some Infinitives Function as Adverbs
    Gerunds Are "-ing" Verb Forms
    Gerund Phrases May Contain a Subject in the Genitive Form
    Studying Grammar is Cumulative
    Chapter Summary: Embedded Structures That Fill
    Noun Phrase Slots in Matrix Clauses
    --EXERCISES
    --I. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCES
    --II. COMBINING SENTENCES
    --III. ANALYZING SENTENCES
    9. Adding Modifiers to Sentences
    Nonrestrictive Modifiers
    Nonrestrictive Modifiers Are Not Bound within Phrases
    Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses Sit Next to Noun Phrases
    Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses Make Added Comments
    Nonrestrictive Participial Phrases
    Nonrestrictive Participial Phrases Function as Adverbs
    Appositives Sit Next to Nouns
    Absolute Phrases
    Adverb Clauses Share Some Characteristics of Nonrestrictive Modifiers
    Adverb Clauses and Subordinate Conjunctions
    Nonrestrictive Modifiers Change the Pace, Rhythm, and Movement
    in Sentences
    A Grammar Course Should Prepare You to Analyze Real Sentences
    Chapter Summary: Doing Grammar is About Understanding the
    System That Generates Sentences
    --EXERCISES
    --I. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCES
    --II. COMBINING SENTENCES
    --III. ANALYZING SENTENCES
    10. What Can You Do Now That You Can Do Grammar?
    Reflecting on Writing and Reading
    Style
    Better Writers Match Sentence Structure with Content
    Students Writing with Style
    Most Punctuation Can Be Addressed with Three Principles
    Teachers Should Point Out Interesting and Effective Student Sentences
    Chapter Summary: Good Writers, Good Readers, and Good Teachers
    --Understand the Options Grammar Gives Us to Construct Sentences
    --EXERCISES
    Answer Key
    Glossary
    Index