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Cover

Disputed Moral Issues

A Reader

Third Edition

Mark Timmons

Publication Date - October 2013

ISBN: 9780199946792

784 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $85.95

The only contemporary moral problems reader that systematically connects and applies ethical theories to the moral issues

Description

Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Third Edition, offers a unique pedagogical approach that bridges moral theory and applied ethics.

Bringing together seventy-three engaging articles, it also includes an accessible Moral Theory Primer (Chapter 1) that outlines the guiding principles of moral theory, presents seven central moral theories--including social contract theory, which is new to this edition--and relates those theories to the issues debated in the articles. Chapter 2 presents seven readings in moral theory that correspond to the theories discussed in the Theory Primer. The remaining chapters (3-15) feature readings on a wide variety of contemporary moral issues. Each selection is enhanced by a host of pedagogical features, including concise summaries, reader cues referring to pertinent moral theories, and reading and discussion questions. A "Quick Guide to Moral Theories" at the front of the book and an extensive glossary of key terms are also included. A "User's Guide," which follows the preface, shows instructors how they can integrate moral theories and applied ethics into their courses.

New to this Edition

  • A new chapter on the Ethics of Immigration that features 4 important articles on the topic. Since issues relating to immigration have become a much-discussed and debated issue in the media, the chapter will offer students an awareness of the ethical questions and issues this topic raises.
  • 18 new selections, including 5 new articles on War, Terrorism, and Torture.
  • A new selection from John Rawls' A Theory of Justice in Chapter 2 about moral theory.
  • New selections by Frances Kamm and by Peter Singer on the ethics of enhancement. Both articles, in different ways, represent a reply to Michael Sandel's well-known article, "The Ethics of Perfection," which appears in all 3 editions of this book.
  • An updated Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide chapter with improved articles. In addition to the classic by James Rachels (from previous editions), additions include: Philippa Foot's "Killing and Letting Die" that responds to Rachels, as well as recent articles by Daniel Callahan "A Case Against Euthanasia," and Michael B. Gill's "A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law."
  • Two new articles on racism: J. L. A. Garcia's "The Heart of Racism" and Tommie Shelby's reply: "Is Racism in the Heart?"
  • A new article defending the wrongness of abortion (which replaces the selection by Pope John Paul from previous editions): Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, "The Wrong of Abortion."

About the Author(s)

Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Moral Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition (2012), and editor of Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory, Sixth Edition (2011), and the annually published Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics.

Previous Publication Date(s)

October 2013
October 2010
December 2006

Reviews

"Disputed Moral Issues is by far the best reader I have ever used. Its unique strength is its ability to facilitate students' learning about how ethical theory is deployed in order to help us rationally tackle the controversial issues of our age. I hope that it never goes out of print."--Mitchell Haney, University of North Florida

"This reader is exceptionally well done. The connection between theory and application is made beautifully clear. Timmons offers very clear introductions, selection summaries, and questions."--Sara Roberts-Cady, Fort Lewis College

Table of Contents

    Chapters 3-15 open with an Introduction and end with Additional Resources.
    *=New to this Edition
    Quick Guide to Moral Theories
    Preface
    User's Guide
    1. A MORAL THEORY PRIMER
    1. What Is a Moral Theory?
    2. Seven Essential Moral Theories
    A. Consequentialism
    B. Natural Law Theory
    C. Kantian Moral Theory
    D. Rights-Based Moral Theory
    E. Virtue Ethics
    F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty
    * G. Social Contract Theory
    3. Coping with Many Moral Theories
    2. MORAL THEORY SELECTIONS
    Jeremy Bentham, The Principle of Utility
    St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law
    Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law
    John Locke, Natural Rights
    Aristotle, Virtue and Character
    W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right?
    * John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
    3. SEXUAL MORALITY AND MARRIAGE
    , Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, Approved by Pope Paul VI, Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics
    John Corvino, Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
    Thomas A. Mappes, A Liberal View of Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using another Person
    Raja Halwani, Virtue Ethics and Adultery
    Maggie Gallagher, Normal Marriage: Two Views
    Evan Wolfson, Enough Marriage to Share
    4. PORNOGRAPHY, HATE SPEECH, AND CENSORSHIP
    The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, Pornography and Harm
    Nadine Strossen, Why Censoring Pornography Would Not Reduce Discrimination or Violence against Women
    Ronald Dworkin, Liberty and Pornography
    Judith M. Hill, Pornography and Degradation
    Charles R. Lawrence III, Hate Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words
    John Arthur, Sticks and Stones
    5. DRUGS AND ADDICTION
    David Boaz, Drug-Free America or Free America?
    Peter de Marneffe, Decriminalize, Don't Legalize
    Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves
    Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy
    6. SEXISM, RACISM, AND REPARATION
    Marilyn Frye, ISexism
    * J. L. A. Garcia, The Heart of Racism
    * Tommie Shelby, Is Racism in the Heart?
    Louis J. Pojman, Why Affirmative Action is Immoral
    Thomas E. Hill, Jr., The Message of Affirmative Action
    * 7. THE ETHICS OF IMMIGRATION
    * Stephen Macedo, The Moral Dilemma of U. S. Immigration Policy: Open Borders versus Social Justice
    * Joseph H. Carens, Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective
    * Christopher Heath Wellman, Immigration and Freedom of Association
    * Sarah Fine, Freedom of Association Is Not the Answer
    8. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
    James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia
    * Philippa Foot, Killing and Letting Die
    * Daniel Callahan, A Case against Euthanasia
    * Michael B. Gill, A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law
    9. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS
    Gaverick Matheny, Utilitarianism and Animals
    Tom Regan, Are Zoos Morally Defensible?
    Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights?
    Mary Ann Warren, Human and Animal Rights Compared
    Jordan Curnutt, A New Argument for Vegetarianism
    10. ABORTION
    Mary Ann Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
    Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
    * Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, The Wrong of Abortion
    Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion
    Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
    L. W. Sumner, A Moderate View
    11. CLONING AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT
    Leon R. Kass, Preventing Brave New World
    Gregory E. Pence, Will Cloning Harm People?
    Michael J. Sandel, The Case against Perfection
    * Frances M. Kamm, Is There a Problem With Enhancement?
    * Peter Singer, Parental Choice and Human Improvement
    12. THE DEATH PENALTY
    Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye?
    Ernest van den Haag, A Defense of the Death Penalty
    Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence
    J. S. Liebman, Jeffrey Fagan, Valerie West, and Jonathan Lloyd, Capital Attrition: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995
    13. WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE
    * David Rodin, The Problem with Prevention
    * Walter Sinnott-Armstong, Preventive War--What Is It Good For?
    * Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses
    * Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified?
    Alan M. Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist be Tortured?
    * Marcia Baron, The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical
    14. WORLD HUNGER AND POVERTY
    Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat
    Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save
    John Arthur, World Hunger and Moral Obligation
    Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger
    Onora O'Neill, A Kantian Approach to World Hunger
    15. THE ENVIRONMENT, CONSUMPTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE
    William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution
    Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
    Thomas E. Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment
    Peter Wenz, Synergistic Environmental Virtues: Consumerism and Human Flourishing
    Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations
    Bjørn Lomborg, Let's Keep Our Cool about Global Warming
    Ia Glossary

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