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Cover

Criminal Justice

Mainstream and Crosscurrents

Third Edition

John Randolph Fuller

Publication Date - July 2013

ISBN: 9780199997961

640 pages
Paperback
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $99.95

Criminal Justice: Mainstream and Crosscurrents uses a distinctive crosscurrents theme to teach students about the complexities of the criminal justice system--and help them think critically about critical issues.

Description

"THE BEST TEXT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE."
--Gary W. Potter, Eastern Kentucky University

Criminal Justice: Mainstream and Crosscurrents uses a distinctive crosscurrents theme to teach students about the complexities of the criminal justice system--and help them think critically about critical issues.

Completely revised and updated, the third edition offers:

THE LATEST, MOST CUTTING-EDGE INFORMATION

"An exceptional update. The examples are relevant and current; they vibrantly exemplify the issues and challenges facing our criminal justice system today."--Rachel L. Rayburn, Indiana University Purdue University-Fort Wayne

BROAD, COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE OF THE FIELD

"John Randolph Fuller covers a broad gamut of topics and provides enough color and depth that students are both educated and engaged in the class material."--Brian Lawton, George Mason University

"Fresh and insightful. Some of the topics addressed aren't usually seen in other texts of this kind--read it and you will be surprised."--Deborah Woodward Rhyne, University of Central Florida

A UNIQUE APPROACH

"This text presents a balanced perspective that facilitates students' development of critical analysis skills."--Brian W. Donavant, University of Tennessee at Martin

"Engaging and thought provoking. This book helps students develop critical-thinking skills, and gives them a chance to explore the reasons behind how the criminal justice system was created and many of its challenges from the past to
present."--Robert J. Durán, New Mexico State University

CLEAR AND COMPELLING WRITING

"Easy to read and understand, yet comprehensive and detailed."--Serguei Cheloukhine, John Jay College of Criminal Justice

"Clear and concise. Fuller does an excellent job of presenting complex issues and ideas in an accessible manner."--Christopher Salvatore, Montclair State University

About the Author(s)

John Randolph Fuller is Professor of Criminology at the University of West Georgia.

Previous Publication Date(s)

July 2013
February 2009
February 2005

Table of Contents

    **Each chapter begins with Learning Objectives; Chapters 3-16 conclude with a summary, "Focus on Ethics" sections, review questions, and key terms.**
    PART I: CRIME: PROBLEMS, MEASUREMENT, THEORIES, AND LAW
    CHAPTER 1: CRIME AND THE PROBLEM OF SOCIAL CONTROL
    Crime, Social Control, and Social Justice
    What Is Crime?
    Levels of Government
    Local-level Criminal Justice
    State-level Criminal Justice
    Federal-level Criminal Justice
    The Criminal Justice Process
    Crime as a Social Responsibility
    The Family
    Religion
    Schools
    The Media
    The Institution of Last Resort
    Individual vs. Societal Responsibility for Crime
    The Approach of this Text
    CHAPTER 2: THE NATURE AND MEASUREMENT OF CRIME
    The Nature and Measurement of Crime
    Types of Crime
    Street Crime
    Corporate Crime and White-collar Crime
    Offenses and Offenders
    Violent Crime
    Property Crime
    Public-order Crime
    Measurement of Crime
    Uniform Crime Reports
    National Incident-based Reporting System
    National Crime Victimization Survey
    Self-report Studies
    Perception of Crime
    CHAPTER 3: THEORIES OF CRIME
    Demonology
    The Classical School of Criminology
    Cesare Beccaria
    Jeremy Bentham
    The Positivist School of Criminology
    Biological Theories of Crime
    Phrenology and Other Outdated Ideas
    Biochemistry
    Biosocial Criminology
    Psychological Theories of Crime
    Psychoanalytic Theory
    Behaviorism
    Observational Learning
    Cognitive Psychological Theory
    Psychopathy
    Sociological Theories of Crime
    The Chicago School
    Differential Association Theory
    Strain Theory
    Social Control Theory
    Neutralization Theory
    Labeling Theory
    Critical Sociological Theories of Crime
    Marxism
    Gender and Justice
    Critical Race Theory
    Integrated Theories of Crime
    Integrated Theory of Delinquent Behavior
    Interactional Theory of Delinquency
    Control Balance Theory
    Life-course and Developmental Theories
    Moffitt's Pathway Theory
    Laub and Sampson's Persistent-Offending and Desistance-from-Crime Theory
    CHAPTER 4: CRIMINAL LAW
    The Development of Criminal Law
    Early Legal Codes
    The Magna Carta
    Common Law
    Sources of Law
    Constitutions
    Statutes
    Case Law
    Administrative Rules and Executive Orders
    Types of Law
    Criminal Law
    Civil Law
    Substantive Law
    Procedural Law
    Types of Crime
    Felonies
    Misdemeanors
    Inchoate Offenses
    Features of Crime
    Actus Reus
    Mens Rea
    Concurrence
    Strict Liability
    Criminal Responsibility and Criminal Defense
    My Client Did Not Do It
    My Client Did It, but My Client Is Not Responsible
    My Client Did It but Has a Good Excuse
    My Client Did It but Should Be Acquitted Because the Police or the Prosecutor Cheated
    My Client Did It but Was Influence by Outside Forces
    PART II: ENFORCING THE LAW
    CHAPTER 5: THE HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT
    A Brief History of the Police
    Police in Ancient Times
    Policing in Early England
    The Gin Effect
    Rise of Organized Policing
    Policing in the United States
    The 19th Century
    The New York City Influence
    London and New York
    The Chicago Influence
    Vigilante Policing
    Introduction of Police Professionalism
    The Wickersham Commission and August Vollmer
    Other Reformers
    The End of the 20th Century
    Modern Police Organization
    Levels of Law Enforcement
    Federal Level
    The Federal Bureau of Investigation
    The Secret Service
    State Level
    Local Level
    Sheriff's Offices
    Requirements to Become a Police Officer
    Innovations in Policing
    Innovations from Social and Technological Changes
    Homeland Security
    Technological Change: Less-Than-Lethal Weapons
    Technological Change: Information Technology
    Innovations from Research
    Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment
    RAND Study of Detectives
    Innovations from New Ideas
    DARE
    Project Ceasefire
    CHAPTER 6: POLICING AND THE LAW
    Policing and the Law
    What We Expect of the Police
    How the Police Work
    Watchman Style
    Legalistic Style
    Service Style
    The Quasi-Military Nature of Police Organizations
    What the Police Do
    Patrol
    Investigation
    Traffic Enforcement
    Peacemaking and Order Maintenance
    The Rules the Police Follow
    Patrol
    Investigation
    Traffic Enforcement
    Peacemaking and Order Maintenance
    Police Discretion
    The Fourth Amendment
    Search
    Special-needs Searches
    Seizures
    Stop-and-frisk
    Arrests
    Interrogations and Confessions
    CHAPTER 7: ISSUES IN POLICING
    Challenges to Traditional Policing
    Community Policing
    Problem-oriented Policing
    Zero-tolerance policing
    Sex and Race
    Women as Police Officers
    Minorities as Police
    Use of Force
    SWAT Teams
    Ruby Ridge, Idaho
    Waco, Texas
    Plainfield, New Hampshire
    Proactive Policing and Force
    Stress and Burnout
    Police and Alcohol
    Family Problems and the Police
    Police and Suicide
    Dealing with the Stress of Policing
    Police Subculture and Corruption
    PART III: THE ROLE OF THE COURTS
    CHAPTER 8: THE HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION OF COURTS
    Courts in History
    Before Courts: The Blood Feud
    Courts in England
    Trial by Compurgation
    Trial by Ordeal
    Trial by Battle
    Development of the Jury
    Grand Jury
    The Jury Trial
    The Magna Carta
    Court of the Star Chamber
    Courts in Colonial North America
    The Changing Nature of the Court
    Organization of Modern U.S. Courts
    Nature of Jurisdiction
    Subject-Matter Jurisdiction
    Geographic Jurisdiction
    Hierarchical Jurisdiction
    The Structure of the Federal Courts
    U.S. Magistrate Courts
    U.S. District Courts
    U.S. Court of Appeals
    U.S. Supreme Court
    Specialized Federal Courts
    The Structure of State Courts
    Juvenile Courts
    State Trial Courts
    State Intermediate Courts of Appeals
    State Supreme Courts
    Local Courts and Community Courts
    CHAPTER 9: WORKING IN THE COURTROOM
    The Courtroom Work Group
    The Participants
    Law Enforcement
    Court Support Staff
    Corrections
    The Public
    The Prosecutor
    The Prosecutor at Work
    Prosecution at the Federal Level
    Prosecution in State Courts
    The Defense Attorney
    The Defense Attorney and the Courtroom Work Group
    The Best Defense: Private Attorney or Public Defender?
    The Judge
    Judicial Selection: Executive Appointments
    Judicial Selection: Election of Judges
    Judicial Selection: Merit Selection
    Defendants, Victims, and Witnesses
    Defendants
    Victims
    Witnesses
    Victim-witnesses Programs
    Pretrial Release Decisions
    CHAPTER 10: THE DISPOSITION: PLEA BARGAINING, TRIAL, AND SENTENCING
    Plea Bargaining
    Other Benefits of Plea Bargaining
    Should Plea Bargaining Be Abolished?
    The Trial
    The Pre-trial Phase
    Opening Arguments
    Presentation of Witnesses and Evidence
    The Case Goes to the Jury
    The Defense Doesn't Rest
    Appeal
    Rights and Wrongs in the Courthouse
    "I Know My Rights"
    Victims' Rights
    Sentencing the Offender
    Indeterminate Sentencing
    Determinate Sentencing
    Mandatory Minimum Sentences
    PART IV: FROM PENOLOGY TO CORRECTIONS AND BACK
    CHAPTER 11: THE HISTORY OF CONTROL AND PUNISHMENT
    Before There Were Prisons
    Corporal Punishment
    Torture
    Flogging
    Branding
    Mutilation
    Humiliation
    Shock Death
    Economic Punishment
    The Galley
    Workhouses
    Exile and Transportation
    Prisons in America
    Control in the Colonies
    Development of the Penitentiary: 1780-1860
    The Pennsylvania System
    The Auburn System
    Age of Reform: 1860-1900
    Alexander Maconochie
    Sir Walter Crofton
    Zebulon Brockway
    Prison Labor and Public Works: 1900-1930
    Age of Rehabilitation: 1930-1970
    Retributive Era: 1970s to the Present
    Capital Punishment
    Capital Punishment in Historical Perspective
    Arguments Supporting Capital Punishment
    Arguments against Capital Punishment
    Is the Death Penalty Dead?
    CHAPTER 12: CONTEMPORARY PRISON LIFE
    Inmate Subculture
    Prison Gangs
    Supermax Prisons
    Prison Riots and Violence
    Attica Prison Riot
    New Mexico State Penitentiary Riot
    Women in Prison
    A Short History of Women's Prisons
    Life in Women's Prisons
    Courts and the Prison
    Eighth Amendment
    Fourteenth Amendment: Due Process
    Fourteenth Amendment: Equal Protection
    Working in the Prison
    Private Prisons
    CHAPTER 13: CORRECTIONS IN THE COMMUNITY
    Community Corrections in Context
    Diversion
    Probation
    Probation Officers at Work
    Investigation
    Supervision
    Service
    Private Probation
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
    Intermediate Sanctions
    Intensive-supervision Probation
    Drug Testing
    House Arrest and Electronic Monitoring
    Fines
    Boot-camp Prisons
    Shock Probation
    Parole
    When to Parole
    Re-entry and "Making It"
    Jails
    PART V: PROBLEMS IN THE CROSSCURRENTS
    CHAPTER 14: JUVENILE JUSTICE
    Childhood and the Law
    Youths in the Early United States
    Houses of Refuge
    The Juvenile Court
    The Modern Juvenile Justice System
    Who Enters the Juvenile Justice System?
    Entering the Juvenile Justice System
    Pre-hearing Detention
    Intake
    Diversion
    Determining Jurisdiction
    Adjudicatory Hearing
    Disposition
    Aftercare
    Issues in Juvenile Justice
    Chronic Offenders
    Gangs
    Conditions of Youth Confinement
    Juvenile Waiver: Treating Children as Adults
    Zero Tolerance
    The Future of Juvenile Justice
    CHAPTER 15: VICTIMS OF CRIME AND VICTIMLESS CRIMES
    Victims of Crime
    Typologies of Crime Victims
    Modern Theories of Victimization
    Cultural Trappings
    Victim-precipitation Theory
    Victims in the Criminal Justice System
    Types of Victims
    Victims' Rights and Assistance
    Victimless Crimes
    Drug Use and Abuse
    A Short History of Drug Use and Drug Laws in the United States
    The War on Drugs
    Law Enforcement and Drugs
    Drug Treatment, Decriminalization, and Legalization
    Sex Work
    Prostitution
    Pornography
    CHAPTER 16: PRESENT AND EMERGING TRENDS: THE FUTURE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
    War and Peace in the Criminal Justice System
    The Wars on Crime and Drugs
    The War on Terrorism
    September 11, 2001
    The USA Patriot Act
    How Terrorism Is Changing the Criminal Justice System
    Peacemaking Criminology and Restorative Justice
    Religious and Humanist Tradition
    Feminist Tradition
    Critical Traditions
    The Peacemaking Pyramid
    Nonviolence
    Social Justice
    Inclusion
    Correct Means
    Ascertainable Criteria
    Categorical Imperative
    Restorative Justice

Teaching Resources

Ancillaries

For Instructors:

  • Instructor’s Resource CD (9780199997985) - includes chapter outlines, sample syllabi for quarter and semester schedules, a computerized test bank (including multiple-choice, true/false, and short answer questions), and PowerPoint-based lecture slides
  • Companion Website (www.oup.com/us/fuller)
  • Criminal Justice DVD (9780199355181) – 15 CNN videos with a CNN Videos Guide, including summaries, discussion questions, and multiple-choice questions for each video

For Students:

  • Companion Website (www.oup.com/us/fuller) offers a wealth of open-access student resources, including self-test questions.

Packages

Package our Criminal Justice texts with any Oxford book for a 20% savings off the total package price! 

Featured Package:
Criminal Justice: Mainstream and Crosscurrents, 3rd Edition with Bohm’s Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice, 2nd Edition
Package ISBN: 9780199336241 | Package Price: $103.95

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