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Cover

Comparative Politics

Integrating Theories, Methods, and Cases

J. Tyler Dickovick and Jonathan Eastwood

Publication Date - December 2012

ISBN: 9780195392104

704 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $82.95

Gets students to think like comparativists by integrating concepts, theories, and methods with a range of country case applications to answer the big questions in comparative politics

Description

Why do countries have different institutions and forms of government? Why do some social revolutions succeed and endure while others fail? Why are some societies subjected to terrorism and not others? An engaging and accessible introduction to the subject, Comparative Politics: Integrating Theories, Methods, and Cases gives students the methodological tools they need to answer the "big questions" in the field. The authors introduce methods early in the text and integrate them throughout in order to help students develop a systematic way of thinking about comparative politics.

FEATURES

* A unique structure offers the best of thematic and country-by-country approaches. Fifteen succinct thematic chapters--organized around the "big questions" in the field--are followed by a separate section at the end of the book offering full-length profiles and case studies for twelve countries

* Each chapter integrates six standalone country case studies in "Case in Context" boxes; these features tie into the narrative, pose questions, and point students to the full case discussions in the country profiles

* "Thinking Comparatively" boxes introduce new methodological tools and help students apply the theories and concepts covered in each chapter

* "Insights" boxes provide abstracts on some of the leading works in the field

About the Author(s)

J. Tyler Dickovick is Associate Professor of Politics at Washington and Lee University. He is the author of Decentralization and Recentralization in Developing Countries: Comparative Studies from Africa and Latin America (2011) and has published articles in many journals.

Jonathan Eastwood is Associate Professor of Sociology at Washington and Lee University. He is the author of several articles and book chapters and of The Rise of Nationalism in Venezuela (2006).

Reviews

"I am impressed by the way that Comparative Politics integrates the discussion of methodology throughout every chapter--stressing that learning about the appropriate ways to compare is just as important as learning the facts, theories, and case studies. This text is highly innovative and stimulating--it provides something that most textbooks do not. It has a great approach to presenting the major theories of the field, and complements these with outstanding case studies and instructional sections on how to conduct comparative politics."--Anna Brigevich, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

"Comparative Politics has excellent breadth and generality, covers the key issues any introductory text should cover, and neatly integrates country studies into a thematically organized text, something no other equivalent text manages to achieve."--Ian Down, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

"Simply put, this text offers a more comparative learning experience than a traditional country-by-country approach. It offers the core country-specific detail found in other texts, but leverages a much wider range of comparative thinking on central issues."--Jeffrey Lewis, Cleveland State University

"More so than any other textbook on the market, this text provides an excellent combination of theoretical and conceptual materials with in-depth case studies that will empower students to think critically and engage in materials well beyond the surface."--Joseph Foy, University of Wisconsin-Parkside

Table of Contents

    Insights
    Preface
    Maps of the World
    PART I: COMPARATIVE POLITICAL ANALYSIS
    Chapter 1. The Comparative Approach: An Introduction
    Asking Why: Research Questions in Comparative Politics
    Types of Questions in Comparative Political Analysis
    Major Questions in Comparative Politics
    Empirical Arguments versus Normative Arguments
    Solving Intellectual Puzzles: A Contemporary Analogy
    Concepts
    Features of Good Concepts
    Conceptualization
    Operationalizing: From Concepts to Measures
    Empirical Evidence
    Facts and Evidence
    Cases and Case Studies
    The Comparative Method
    Variables and Comparison
    The Most-Similar-Systems Design
    The Most-Different-Systems Design
    Comparative Checking
    Within-Case Comparison
    Is the Study of Politics a Science? The Limits of the Comparative Method
    Chapter 2. Theories, Hypotheses, and Evidence
    Introduction to Theories, Hypotheses, and Evidence
    Hypotheses
    How Theories Emerge and Are Used
    Types of Evidence
    Hypothesis Testing
    Correlation
    Causation
    Critiques: Using Theory and Evidence
    Empirical Critiques: Confirming Cases and Deviant Cases
    Theoretical Critiques: Improving Theories and Hypotheses
    The Challenge of Measurement: Errors, Biases, and Validity
    Thinking Comparatively: Qualities of Good Analysis and Argumentation
    Step 1: Asking Good Questions: Why?
    Step 2: Hypotheses Testing: Generating Good Hypotheses and Testing Them Fairly
    Step 3: Balancing Argumentation: Evidence, Originality, and Meaningfulness
    PART II: THE STATE, DEVELOPMENT, DEMOCRACY, AND AUTHORITARIANISM
    Chapter 3. The Modern State
    Concepts
    The Modern State
    State Capacity
    Failed States
    The State-Society Relationship
    Types
    Characteristics of Modern States
    Bureaucracy
    Impersonality
    Sovereignty
    Functions of Modern States
    Taxation
    Defense
    Policing
    Economic Management
    Investments in Human Capital: Education and Health
    Welfare State Functions
    Infrastructure and Other Public Goods
    Causes and Effects: Why Do States and Welfare States Emerge?
    Why Do States Emerge?
    Political/Conflict Theories
    Economic Theories
    Cultural Theories
    Diffusion Theories
    Why Do Welfare States Emerge?
    Cultural Changes
    Industrial Capitalism
    Mobilization And Political Action
    Thinking Comparatively: How Did the Spanish State Emerge?
    Cases in Context
    The Mexican State and Rule of Law
    State-led Development in Japan
    The German State: Unification and Welfare
    The State in France
    The State in the United Kingdom
    What Is a Weak State, and Can It Be Changed? The Case of Nigeria
    Chapter 4. Development and Political Economy
    Concepts
    Types
    Poverty and Inequality
    Employment and Inflation
    Social Outcomes and Human Development
    Gender Relations and Racial and Ethnic Identities
    Satisfaction and Happiness
    Cultural Development
    Sustainability
    Causes and Effects
    Institutions: Markets and States
    Culture and Development
    Systems and Structures: International and Domestic
    Thinking Comparatively: Explaining the Development of North and South Korea
    Cases in Context
    Did Free Markets Help the United States Get Rich? Will They in the Future?
    What Explains India's Recent Growth?
    Does the Global Economy Help or Hurt Developing Nations like Brazil?
    Why Are Natural Resources Sometimes a Curse? The Nigerian Case
    Development and Political Economy of Britain
    How Did China Become an Economic Power?
    Chapter 5. Democracy and Democratization
    Concepts
    Democracy and Democratic Regimes
    Procedural (Minimal) Definitions of Democracy
    Substantive Definitions of Democracy
    Regime Change and Democratization
    Types
    Types of Democracy
    Representative Democracy
    Direct Democracy
    Types of Democratization
    Transition to Democracy
    Democratic Consolidation
    Causes and Effects: What Causes Democratization?
    Modernization
    Culture and Democracy
    The International System
    Domestic Institutions
    Agents and Actors
    Combining Arguments and Theories: Multiple Causes
    Thinking Comparatively: Is American Democracy a Model?
    Cases in Context
    Gradual Democratization in the United Kingdom
    Is China Destined for Democracy?
    Democratic Consolidation in Brazil
    Democracy's Success in India: What Can We Learn from a Deviant Case?
    Democratization (Partially) from the Outside in Japan
    Is American Democracy in Trouble?
    Chapter 6. Authoritarian Regimes and Democratic Breakdown
    Concepts
    Authoritarianism and Authoritarian Regimes
    Transitions to Authoritarian Regimes
    Types
    Types of Authoritarianism
    Totalitarian Regimes
    Theocracies
    Personalistic Dictatorships
    Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Regimes
    Hybrid and Semi-authoritarian Regimes
    Types of Transition (or Nontransition) to Authoritarianism
    Authoritarian Persistence
    Democratic Breakdown
    Transition to Hybrid or Semi-authoritarian Regime
    Causes and Effects: What Causes Authoritarian Regimes to Emerge and Persist?
    Historical Institutionalist Theories
    Poverty and Inequality
    State Weakness and Failure
    Political Culture
    Barriers to Collective Action
    Special Causal Circumstances Surrounding Hybrid Regimes
    Thinking Comparatively: Why Did Zimbabwe Become and Remain Authoritarian?
    Cases in Context
    Democratic Features of Authoritarian Systems? The Case of Iran
    Oligarchy, Democracy, and Authoritarianism in Russia
    Democracy and Authoritarianism in Germany
    Mexico's "Perfect Dictatorship" and Its End
    Authoritarian Persistence in Nineteenth-century France
    Development, the Weak State, and Authoritarianism in Nigeria
    PART III: INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT
    Chapter 7. Constitutions and Constitutional Design
    Concepts
    Constitutions
    Constitutional Design
    Types
    Flexible and Rigid Constitutions
    Separation of Powers: Judicial Review and Parliamentary Sovereignty
    Federalism and Unitarism
    Federalism
    Unitarism
    Authoritarian and Democratic Constitutions
    Causes and Effects: What Are the Effects of Federal Constitutions?
    Are Federal Constitutions Good for Social Stability?
    Are Federal Constitutions Good for Protecting Democratic Rights?
    Are Federal Constitutions Good for the Economy?
    Judicial Review and Democracy
    Thinking Comparatively: What Explains the Similarities between the American and South African Constitutions?
    Cases in Context
    Brazil's Constitution
    No Constitution? No Supreme Court? Constitutionality in the United Kingdom
    Constitutional Design: Theocracy in Iran
    Federalism and the States in Nigeria: Holding Together or Tearing Apart?
    Federalism and Differences in Development in India
    Is Judicial Activism in the United States a Problem?
    Chapter 8. Legislatures and Legislative Elections
    Concepts
    What Legislatures Are
    What Legislatures Do
    Types
    Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures
    Electoral Systems
    District Systems
    Proportional Representation (PR)
    Mixed or Hybrid Systems
    Executive--Legislative Relations
    Causes and Effects
    Patterns of Representation
    Electoral Systems and Representation
    Legislative Decision Making and Representation
    Executive-Legislative Relations and Representation
    Thinking Comparatively: Representation in New Zealand and Beyond
    Cases in Context
    The Mother of Parliaments: The United Kingdom and the Westminster Model
    Proportional Representation and Political Power in the Russian Duma
    Electoral Rules and Party (In)Discipine in Brazil's Legislature
    The Hybrid Electoral System of the Japanese Diet
    Institutional Design: Germany's Bundestag and Bundesrat
    The United States Congress: Dysfunctional or Functioning by Design?
    Chapter 9. Executives
    Concepts
    Types
    Executive Structures: Presidential and Parliamentary
    Formal Powers
    Partisan Powers
    Informal Powers
    Coalitions
    Causes and Effects
    Stable and Unstable Regimes: Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy
    Stable and Unstable Executives: Styles of Presidential Rule
    Stable and Unstable Executives: Patterns of Parliamentary Rule
    Thinking Comparatively: Beyond the American and British Models
    Cases in Context
    Electing the French President: What Do Runoffs Do?
    "The Most Powerful Person in the World"? Checks on American Presidents
    Executives in Russia: Was the Former President a Puppet?
    Who Governs China?
    Giving the "Big Finger": The Mexican President's Dedazo
    The Presidency in Nigeria: Powers and Limitations
    Chapter 10. Political Parties, Party Systems, and Interest Groups
    Concepts
    Political Parties
    Party Systems
    Interest Groups
    Types
    Political Parties: Elite, Mass, and Catch-All Parties
    Party Systems: Dominant-Party, Two-Party, and Multiparty Systems
    Interest Groups: Pluralism and Corporatism
    Causes and Effects
    Party Systems and Representation
    What Factors Shape Party Systems?
    How Do Party Systems Shape Political Outcomes?
    Interest Groups and Representation
    Thinking Comparatively: Party Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Cases in Context
    The Chinese Party System
    How Did Japan's Dominant Party Win for So Long?
    Consensus-Based Politics in Germany
    Personalism and the Party System in Russia
    The PRI and Corporatism in Mexico
    What Makes Interest Articulation in Brazil Coherent or Incoherent?
    PART IV: POLITICS, SOCIETY, AND CULTURE
    Chapter 11. Revolutions and Contention
    Concepts
    What Is "Contention"?
    Revolutionary and Non-revolutionary Contention
    Types
    Social Movements
    Revolutions
    Insurgencies and Civil Wars
    Terrorism
    "Everyday Resistance"
    Causes and Effects: Why Do Revolutions Happen?
    Relative Deprivation and Social Disequilibrium
    Resource Mobilization and Political Opportunities
    Rational-Choice
    Culture or "Framing" Explanations
    Thinking Comparatively: The "Arab Spring" of 2011
    Cases in Context
    Brazil's Landless Movement
    The French Revolution
    India's Struggle Against Colonialism
    The Russian Revolution
    The Chinese Revolution
    Iran's Islamic Revolution and "Green Revolution"?
    Chapter 12. Nationalism and National Identity
    Concepts
    Identity
    Nationalism and the Nation
    Types
    Primordialist Approaches
    Perennialist Approaches
    Modernist Approaches
    Types of Nationalism
    Causes and Effect
    What Causes Nationalism to Emerge?
    Primordial Ties
    Structural Forces
    Political Institutions
    Cultural Construction
    What Causes Ethno-national Conflict?
    Primordial Bonds
    Cultural Boundaries
    Material Interests
    Rational Calculation
    Social Psychology
    Thinking Comparatively: Ending Ethnic and National Violence
    Cases in Context
    Civic Nationalism in France?
    Ethnic Boundaries of the German Nation?
    Industrialization, Modernity, and National Identity in Mexico
    Importing National Identity in Japan?
    National Identity in the United Kingdom
    The Nigerian Civil War or Biafran War: Nationalism and Ethno-national Conflict in a
    Post-colonial Society
    Chapter 13. Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
    Concepts
    Race and Ethnicity
    Gender
    Sexual Orientation
    Types
    Disentangling Race and Ethnicity
    Discrimination Based on Race and Ethnicity
    Gender Discrimination
    Empowerment of Women and Minority Groups
    Causes and Effects: What Factors Influence the Political Representation of Women and Minority Groups?
    Social Movement Mobilization
    Political Parties Based on Gender or Ethnicity
    Institutional Methods for Promoting Women's and Minority Group Members'
    Representation in
    Elected Office
    Thinking Comparatively: Indicators of Gender Empowerment
    Cases in Context
    Gender in Post-Revolutionary Iranian Politics
    Gender Empowerment in Japan?
    Gender and Political Representation in Brazil: Where Has Progress Come From?
    Ethnic Groups and Political Representation in the United States
    Why Aren't There Major Ethnic Parties in Mexico?
    Ethnicity and Political Parties in India
    Chapter 14. Ideology and Religion in Modern Politics
    Concepts
    Modernity and Modernization
    Ideology
    Religion
    Secularization, Religion, and Modern Politics
    Religious Conflict
    Types
    Modern Ideologies
    Liberalism
    Fascism
    Socialism
    Modern Forms of Religion in Politics
    Lay and Religious States
    Denominationalism
    Causes and Effects
    Why (and How) Does Modernization Alter Religion's Role in Politics?
    Modernization Theory and Secularization
    The "Religious Economies" Approach
    Institutional Theories
    Why Didn't Ideology (and History) End
    Thinking Comparatively: Two Lefts in Latin America?
    Cases in Context
    Liberal Ideology in the United Kingdom
    Nazism in Germany
    Communist Ideology in Practice--Russia and the Soviet Union
    Religion and Secularism in France
    Religion and Politics in Iran
    Religious Difference and Conflict in Nigeria: Disentangling Ethnicity and Religion?
    PART V: THE COMPARATIVE-INTERNATIONAL NEXUS
    Chapter 15. Comparative Politics and International Relations
    Concepts
    Issues
    Globalization and Trade
    International Institutions and Integration
    Immigration
    Environment and Sustainability
    Transnational Networks
    Nuclear Threats and Terrorism
    Causes and Effects
    Realism
    Liberalism
    Constructivism
    Marxism
    Thinking Comparatively: The EU and Levels of Analysis
    Cases in Context
    China and the Global Economy
    The United States and the World: A Love-Hate Relationship?
    Globalization and Culture in France
    Resource Management in Japan
    Iran and the Politics of Nuclear Proliferation
    India in the Twenty-first Century: Domestic Politics, Identity, and Security
    PART VI: COUNTRY PROFILES AND CASES
    United Kingdom
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    The State in the United Kingdom (Ch. 3)
    Development and Political Economy of Britain (Ch. 4)
    No Constitution? No Supreme Court? Constitutionality in the United Kingdom (Ch. 7)
    The Mother of Parliaments: The United Kingdom and the Westminster Model (Ch. 8)
    National Identity in the United Kingdom (Ch. 12)
    Liberal Ideology in the United Kingdom (Ch. 14)
    France
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    The State in France (Ch. 3)
    Electing the French President: What Do Runoffs Do? (Ch. 9)
    The French Revolution (Ch. 11)
    Civic Nationalism in France? (Ch. 12)
    Religion and Secularism in France (Ch. 14)
    Globalization and Culture in France (Ch. 15)
    Germany
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    The German State: Unification and Welfare (Ch. 3)
    Democracy and Authoritarianism in Germany (Ch. 6)
    Institutional Design: Germany's Bundestag and Bundesrat (Ch. 8)
    Consensus-Based Politics in Germany (Ch. 10)
    Ethnic Boundaries of the German Nation? (Ch. 12)
    Nazism in Germany (Ch. 14)
    Japan
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    State-Led Development in Japan (Ch. 3)
    Democratization (Partially) from the Outside in Japan (Ch. 5)
    The Hybrid Electoral System of the Japanese Diet (Ch. 8)
    How Did Japan's Dominant Party Win for So Long? (Ch. 10)
    Importing National Identity in Japan? (Ch. 12)
    Gender Empowerment in Japan? (Ch. 13)
    Resource Management in Japan (Ch. 15)
    United States
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    >Case Studies
    Did Free Markets Help the United States Get Rich? Will They in the Future? (Ch. 4)
    Is Judicial Activism in the United States a Problem? (Ch. 7)
    The United States Congress: Dysfunctional or Functioning by Design? (Ch. 8)
    "The Most Powerful Person in the World"? Checks on American Presidents (Ch. 9)
    Ethnic Groups and Political Representation in the United States (Ch. 13)
    The United States and the World: A Love-Hate Relationship? (Ch. 15)
    Brazil
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    Does the Global Economy Help or Hurt Developing Nations like Brazil? (Ch. 4)
    Brazil's Constitution (Ch. 7)
    Electoral Rules and Party (In)Discipine in Brazil's Legislature (Ch. 8)
    What Makes Interest Articulation in Brazil Coherent or Incoherent? (Ch. 10)
    Brazil's Landless Movement (Ch. 11)
    Gender and Political Representation in Brazil: Where Has Progress Come From? (Ch. 13)
    Russia
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    Oligarchy, Democracy, and Authoritarianism in Russia (Ch. 6)
    Proportional Representation and Political Power in the Russian Duma (Ch. 8)
    Executives in Russia: Was the Former President a Puppet? (Ch. 9)
    Personalism and the Party System in Russia (Ch. 10)
    The Russian Revolution (Ch. 11)
    Communist Ideology in Practice--Russia and the Soviet Union (Ch. 14)
    India
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    What Explains India's Recent Growth? (Ch. 4)
    Democracy's Success in India: What Can We Learn from a Deviant Case? (Ch. 5)
    Federalism and Differences in Development in India (Ch. 7)
    India's Struggle Against Colonialism (Ch. 11)
    Ethnicity and Political Parties in India (Ch. 13)
    India in the Twenty-first Century: Domestic Politics, Identity, and Security (Ch. 15)
    China
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    How Did China Become an Economic Power? (Ch. 4)
    Is China Destined for Democracy? (Ch. 5)
    Who Governs China? (Ch. 9)
    The Chinese Party System (Ch. 10)
    The Chinese Revolution (Ch. 11)
    What Does the Rise of China Mean for the U.S. Economy? (Ch. 15)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran)
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    Democratic Features of Authoritarian Systems? The Case of Iran (Ch. 6)
    Constitutional Design: Theocracy in Iran (Ch. 7)
    Iran's Islamic Revolution and "Green Revolution"? (Ch. 11)
    Gender in Post-Revolutionary Iranian Politics (Ch. 13)
    Religion and Politics in Iran (Ch. 14)
    Iran and the Politics of Nuclear Proliferation (Ch. 15)
    Mexico
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    The Mexican State and Rule of Law (Ch. 3)
    Mexico's "Perfect Dictatorship" and Its End (Ch. 6)
    Giving the Big Finger: The Mexican President's Dedazo (Ch. 9)
    The PRI and Corporatism in Mexico (Ch. 10)
    Industrialization, Modernity, and National Identity in Mexico (Ch. 12)
    Why Aren't There Major Ethnic Parties in Mexico? (Ch. 13)
    Nigeria
    Profile
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Regime and Political Institutions
    Political Culture
    Political Economy
    Case Studies
    What Is a Weak State, and Can It Be Changed? The Case of Nigeria (Ch. 3)
    Why Are Natural Resources Sometimes a Curse? The Nigerian Case (Ch. 4)
    Development, the Weak State, and Authoritarianism in Nigeria (Ch. 6)
    Federalism and the States in Nigeria: Holding Together or Tearing Apart? (Ch. 7)
    The Presidency in Nigeria: Powers and Limitations (Ch. 9)
    The Nigerian Civil War or Biafran War: Nationalism and Ethno-National Conflict in a Post-Colonial Society (Ch. 12)
    Religious Difference and Conflict in Nigeria: Disentangling Ethnicity and Religion? (Ch. 14)
    Notes
    Glossary
    References and Further Reading
    Credits
    Index

Teaching Resources

 ANCILLARIES:

An Instructor's Resource CD puts all of your teaching tools in one place:

* An Instructor's Resource Manual with Test Item File provides chapter objectives, detailed chapter outlines, lecture suggestions and activities, discussion questions, video resources, and online resources

* A Test Item File includes more than eight hundred test questions--multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay--written by the authors

* A Computerized Test Bank: Using the test authoring and management tool Diploma, this computerized test bank is designed for both novice and advanced users

* PowerPoint-Based Slides: Each chapter's slide deck includes a succinct chapter outline and incorporates relevant chapter graphics

A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/dickovick offers all of the instructor resources described above--available for download--along with student resources including learning objectives, flash cards, self-quizzes, related links, and more.

This text is also available as a CourseSmart Ebook

(978-0-19-9994768-3).

Course Cartridges

are also available.

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