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Cover

Biology for the Informed Citizen

With Physiology

First Edition

Donna Bozzone and Douglas Green

Publication Date - December 2013

ISBN: 9780195381993

624 pages
Paperback
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $114.95

Cases. Concepts. Consequences. With Biology for the Informed Citizen, students connect the concepts of biology to the consequences of biology.

Description

Biology for the Informed Citizen by Donna M. Bozzone and Douglas S. Green, more than any other non-science majors biology book, helps student connect the concepts of biology to the consequences of biology - the consequences that students can and should see in every facet of their lives, if only trained to identify them. This text aims to teach the concepts of biology, evolution, and the process of science so students can apply their knowledge in their everyday lives as informed consumers and users of scientific information.

The book's Cases, Concepts, and Consequences approach connects the concepts of biology to the consequences of biology through the text's major themes - the process of science and evolution - which help to show students not only "what we know" but also "how we know what we know."

Cases:
An engaging biological issue opens every chapter and is revisited throughout

Concepts:
Foundational biological ideas are introduced within the context of important cultural and social issues

Consequences: The concepts and consequences of biology are connected to enhance students' abilities to make informed decisions about biological issues

This version of the text features a section on Physiology. For more information about Biology for the Informed Citizen without Physiology, please search for ISBN 9780195381986.


Features

*Rich Case Studies open each chapter to highlight an issue or challenge with biological significance and focuses on the consequences of biology. These cases motivate the material in each chapter and demonstrate ways in which conceptual understanding of biology can be used to make informed decisions about important issues. Cases in the book include "Sickle Cell Disease, Malaria, and Human Evolution" (Chapter 4), "The Infidelity Gene" (Chapter 1), and "Lactose Intolerance and the Geographic Variation of Human Traits" (Chapter 9).

*The Process of Science is also demonstrated throughout the text in two types of short, high-interest essays in each chapter:
--
Scientist Spotlight essays show the process of biology with biographical information and historical context about the real individuals whose scientific discoveries have made tremendous impacts on all of our lives. Scientists profiled include Rosalind Franklin (Chapter 4) and Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (Chapter 9).
--How Do We Know?
essays look beyond memorizing facts to get students thinking critically about how we know what we know. These essays include "Pedigree Analysis" (Chapter 4) and "Constructing Evolutionary Trees" (Chapter 9).

*Real -World Application essays help students learn and reinforce biological concepts. The intersection of global issues, ethics, and social responsibility with biological research, ideas, and knowledge help students understand our culture in a fuller context through two types of essays:
--Life Application essays, like "The Effectiveness of Genetic Screening" (Chapter 4) and "Public Acceptance of Evolution" (Chapter 9) present specific real-world examples illustrating how biological knowledge can be used to help individuals and society make informed decisions.
--Technology Connection
essays like "Electrophoresis" (Chapter 4) and "Genbank" (Chapter 9) describe specific methods and tools of scientific research are being used to shape the world in which we live.

*Every chapter in Biology for the Informed Citizen includes carefully crafted pedagogical tools to help students learn and reinforce biological concepts.
--Chapter Learning Objectives
at the start of each chapter (based on Bloom's taxonomy) correspond to the main headings and provide a framework for the key concepts to help students focus on what is most important.
--Questions-Based Chapter Titles and Section Headings model the spirit of inquiry at the heart of the scientific process.
--Simple and Clear Illustrations in each chapter help students visualize important concepts. The art program uses a consistent format to help guide students through complex processes.
--Marginal Glossary defines key terms in the margins of the pages on which the terms appear, so students can easily find definitions and explanations when preparing for exams.
--Chapter Summaries at the end of each chapter are organized around the chapter learning objectives, numbered chapter sections, and highlight and reinforce the main concepts.
--Review Questions at the end of each chapter offer multiple choice and short-answer, asking students to recall core information presented in the chapter. Answers to the multiple choice questions appear at the end of the book.
--The Thinking Citizen advanced questions at the end of each chapter ask students to think critically and analytically about the main chapter concepts.
--The Informed Citizen advanced questions at the end of each chapter ask students to apply biological concepts to relevant cultural and social issues.

*The book is written with the foundational concepts that comprise a standard non-science majors biology course but it is organized on a "need-to-know" basis, placing biological topics within the context of important cultural and social issues, but without excessive detail, organized into four units.
--Unit 1: The Scientific Study of Life
--Unit 2: Reproduction, Inheritance, and Evolution
--Unit 3: Interacting with Nature
--Unit 4: Interacting with Nature

*Biology in Perspective sections place the chapter concepts in larger context.

About the Author(s)

Donna M. Bozzone is Professor of Biology at Saint Michael's College. She specializes in cell and developmental biology and has written three books on cancer and is the consulting editor for the nine-volume series Biology of Cancer.

The late Douglas S. Green was Professor of Biology at Saint Michael's College. He specialized in evolution, ecology, and bioinformatics.

Table of Contents

    Preface
    UNIT 1. THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF LIFE
    CHAPTER 1. The Nature of Biology
    Why Does Biology Matter to You?
    case study The "Infidelity Gene"
    1.1. How Does Biology Affect Your Life?
    1.2. What Are the Features of Life?
    1.3. How Do Organisms Function?
    Atoms, Chemical Bonding, and Molecules
    Macromolecules
    Cells
    Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
    Energy Extraction and Use
    1.4. How Do Organisms Reproduce?
    Inheritance
    Reproduction
    1.5. How Does Life Evolve?
    Darwin's Theory
    Extending Darwin's Theory Through Time
    Evolution Is the Unifying Theme of Biology
    1.6. What Patterns of Diversity Are Found in Nature?
    Life Is Diverse
    Evolutionary Diversification Leads to Degrees of Relatedness
    Organizing Hierarchies in the Diversity of Life
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Technology Connection: Identifying the "Infidelity Gene"
    Scientist Spotlight: Carol W. Greider (1961-)
    Life Application: Determining When Life Has Ended
    How Do We Know? Spontaneous Generation
    CHAPTER 2. The Nature of Science
    How Do We Know How the World Works?
    case study The Mysterious Case of Childbed Fever
    2.1. How Would a Scientist Investigate Childbed Fever?
    Looking for Clues
    Possible Causes
    "Cadaverous Particles"
    2.2. How Does Science Work?
    Observation and Facts
    Hypotheses and Predictions
    Testing
    Evaluation and Interpretation of Results
    Scientific Theories
    2.3. What Assumptions Does Science Make About Nature?
    Cause and Effect
    Consistency and Repeatability
    Materialism
    2.4. What Are the Principal Features of Science?
    Empirical Evidence
    Testability
    Generality
    2.5. How Does Science Differ from Other Ways of Knowing?
    2.6. How Does Science Differ from Pseudoscience and Quackery?
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Life Application: Childbed Fever
    Scientist Spotlight: Robert Koch (1843-1910)
    How Do We Know? Hypothesis Testing and Scientific Proof
    Technology Connection: Throat Cultures
    UNIT 2. REPRODUCTION AND INHERITANCE
    CHAPTER 3. Human Development
    How Do Cells Make a Person?
    case study Unusually Close Sisters
    3.1. What Are the Units of Life?
    3.2. What Cell Structures Play a Role in Embryo Development?
    Cell Membrane
    Nucleus
    Mitochondria
    Cytoskeleton
    3.3. How Do Eggs and Sperm Form?
    Meiosis I: The First Round of Cell Division
    Meiosis II: The Second Round of Cell Division
    3.4. What Happens in Fertilization?
    3.5. How Does an Embryo Form and Ultimately Become a Fetus?
    Mitosis
    Gastrulation and Organ Formation
    Differentiation
    Gene Expression
    3.6. What Are the Key Events of Pregnancy?
    Embryonic Development: Conception to Eight Weeks
    Fetal Development: Three Months to Nine Months
    3.7. What Happens in Labor and Delivery?
    3.8. How Do Twins Form?
    3.9. What Can Conjoined Twins Tell Us About Biology and Ourselves?
    Explanations for Conjoining
    What Conjoining May Tell Us About Biology
    What Conjoining May Tell Us About Ourselves
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Scientist Spotlight: Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)
    How Do We Know? Eggs and Sperm Are Both Needed for Fertilization
    Technology Connection: Ultrasound
    Life Application: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    CHAPTER 4. Inheritance, Genes, and Physical Characteristics
    Does Disease Have a Genetic Basis?
    case study Sickle Cell Disease, Malaria, and Human Evolution
    4.1. What Is Sickle Cell Disease?
    How Sickling Happens
    Sickle Cell Disease and Inheritance
    4.2. Could Molecular Medicine Prevent Sickle Cell Disease?
    4.3. Where Is Our Genetic Information Stored?
    4.4. How Did Mendel Discover the Rules of Inheritance?
    Mendel's Experiments
    Gametes and Monohybrids
    Mendel's Rules
    4.5. How Much Do Mendel's Rules Explain?
    Alleles Can Interact, and So Can Genes
    Genes May Affect More Than One
    Characteristic
    Gene Expression Depends on theEnvironment
    4.6. What Are Genes Made Of?
    4.7. How Does DNA Function?
    Transformation
    The "Transforming Substance"
    4.8. What Processes Must DNA Accomplish?
    Replication
    Mutation
    Protein Production
    4.9. Why Is Protein Structure So Important?
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Technology Connection: Electrophoresis
    How Do We Know? Pedigree Analysis
    Scientist Spotlight: Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958)
    Life Application: The Effectiveness of Genetic Screening
    CHAPTER 5. Cancer
    How Can It Be Prevented, Diagnosed, and Treated?
    case study Xeroderma pigmentosum
    5.1. How Does Cancer Make You Sick?
    5.2. How Do Cancer Cells Differ from Normal Cells?
    5.3. What Is the Life Cycle of a Cell?
    The Molecules That Regulate Cell
    Division
    The Cell Cycle
    5.4. In What Ways Is Cancer a Genetic Disorder?
    Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressor Genes
    Chromosomal Abnormalities
    5.5. What Risk Factors Are Associated with Cancer?
    Smoking
    Diet and Exercise
    Excessive Alcohol Use
    Radiation
    Infection
    Workplace Carcinogens and Pollution
    Inheritance
    Age
    Poverty
    5.6. How Is Cancer Diagnosed?
    5.7. How Is Cancer Treated?
    Surgery
    Radiation Therapy
    Chemotherapy
    Cancer Treatments on the Horizon
    Why Cancer Treatments Sometimes Fail
    5.8. How Can Cancer Be Prevented?
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    How Do We Know? Cancer-Causing Genes from Malfunctioning Normal Genes
    Scientist Spotlight: Peyton Rous (1879-1970)
    Technology Connection: Computerized Tomography (CT) Scans
    Life Application: Chemoprevention
    CHAPTER 6. Reproduction
    What "Kind" of Baby Is It?
    case study The Fastest Woman on Earth
    6.1. How Do Males and Females Form?
    The Stages of Sex Determination
    Chromosome Instructions
    Hormone Instructions
    6.2. What Happens If the Hormonal Signals Are Missing or Misread?
    Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome
    Pseudohermaphroditism
    6.3. How Do Men Produce Sperm?
    The Testes
    Sperm and Semen
    Hormones and Sperm Production
    6.4. How Do Women Produce Eggs?
    The Ovaries
    The Ovarian Cycle
    The Uterine Cycle
    Hormones and Pregnancy
    6.5. How Can Pregnancy Be Prevented?
    Surgery
    Hormones
    Barrier
    Other
    6.6. What Causes Infertility, and How Can It Be Prevented?
    Causes of Infertility
    Infertility Treatments
    6.7. How Can We Tell If a Fetus or Baby Is Healthy?
    Blood and Urine Tests
    Screens and Diagnostic Tests
    Newborn Tests
    6.8. What Tests Are on the Horizon?
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Life Application: Gender Testing in Sports
    How Do We Know? The Female Reproductive Tract Helps Sperm Find an Egg
    Technology Connection: Home Pregnancy Tests
    Scientist Spotlight: Virginia Apgar (1909-1974)
    CHAPTER 7. Plants, Agriculture, and Genetic Engineering
    Can We Create Better Plants and Animals?
    case study Golden Rice
    7.1. Why Are Plants Such Good Sources of Food?
    Roots
    Stems
    Leaves
    Flowers
    7.2. How Do Plants Make Food?
    Overview of Photosynthesis
    Light Reactions and the Calvin Cycle
    The Role of Cells in Photosynthesis
    The Role of Leaves in Photosynthesis
    7.3. What Are the Goals of Genetic Engineering in Plants?
    Pesticide Production
    Herbicide Resistance
    Increased Nutritional Value
    7.4. How Was Golden Rice Engineered?
    Define the Problem
    Clone the Genes
    Package the Genes
    Transform the Cells
    Confirm the Strain
    7.5. How Else Is Genetic Engineering Being Used?
    Medicine
    Industry
    Research
    Novelty
    Construction of an Organism's Genome
    7.6. What Are the Risks of Genetic Engineering?
    Safety
    Economic Considerations
    Effectiveness
    7.7. How Ethical Is Genetic Engineering?
    Genetic Engineering and Our Environment
    Genetic Engineering and Human Life
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Scientist Spotlight: Kary Mullis (1944-)
    Technology Connection: How to Transform Cells
    Life Application: From Teosinte to Maize
    How Do We Know? Evaluating the Safety of Genetically Engineered Products
    CHAPTER 8 Health Care and the Human Genome
    How Will We Use Our New Medical and Genetic Skills?
    case study Carrie Buck and the American Eugenics Movement
    8.1. Do Complex Human Characteristics Have a Genetic Basis?
    Genetic Determinism
    Defining Normal
    8.2. What Is Gene Therapy?
    Somatic Gene Therapy
    Germ-Line Gene Therapy
    8.3. What Are the Benefits and Risks of Genetically Altering Humans?
    Somatic Gene Therapy
    Germ-Line Gene Therapy
    8.4. How Can Stem Cells and Cloning Be Used to Alter People?
    Stem Cells
    Cloning
    8.5. What Are the Benefi ts and Risks of Stem Cell Research?
    Benefits
    Risks
    8.6. What Other Challenges Result from Advances in Medical Technology?
    Privacy
    Accessibility
    Danger of a New Eugenics Movement
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Scientist Spotlight: Nancy Wexler (1945-)
    Life Application: Sex Selection
    How Do We Know? How Human Embryonic Stem Cells Can Be Directed to Form Specialized Cells
    Technology Connection: Who's the Daddy?
    CHAPTER 9 Evolution
    How Do Species Arise and Adapt?
    case study Lactose Intolerance and the Geographic Variation of Human Traits
    9.1. How Does Your Body Reflect an Evolutionary History?
    Human (and Mammalian) Testes Hang Loose
    You Can Get Scurvy, but Your Pet Can't (Unless You Have Guinea Pigs)
    Your Eye Is Organized Backward
    9.2. What Convinced Darwin of the Fact of Evolution?
    The Voyage of the Beagle
    Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
    The Modern Synthesis
    9.3. How Do Humans Adapt to Their Environment?
    Lactase Persistence
    Malaria and Oxidizing Drugs
    9.4. How Does Natural Selection Produce Adaptations?
    The Grants' 40-Year Study of Natural Selection
    Fitness and Natural Selection
    Limits of Natural Selection
    9.5. What Are Random Events in Evolution?
    9.6. What Is the Evidence for Speciation?
    Biological Species Concept
    Evidence for Speciation
    9.7. How Do New Species Arise?
    Genetic Isolation
    Genetic Divergence
    Secondary Contact
    9.8. Why Is It So Difficult for the Public to Accept Evolution?
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Scientist Spotlight: Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890-1962)
    Technology Connection: Genbank
    Life Application: Public Acceptance of Evolution
    How Do We Know? Constructing Evolutionary Trees
    CHAPTER 10. The Evolution of Disease
    Why Do We Get Sick?
    case study Deadly Malaria
    10.1. In What Ways Is Your Body an Ecosystem?
    The Many Species That
    Live and Evolve in Your Body
    The Ecology of Our Resident Species
    Species That Cause Disease
    10.2. Why Do Diseases Evolve Resistance to Antibiotics?
    How Resistance Evolves
    Where Resistant Bacteria Come From
    Resistance to Multiple Antibiotics
    Why Not All Bacteria Are Resistant to Antibiotics
    Antibiotics in the Environment
    10.3. Why Are Some Diseases More Deadly Than Others?
    Why Some Diseases Become Milder over Time
    The "Trade-Off " Hypothesis of Reproduction Versus Transmission
    10.4. Where Do New Diseases Come From?
    Sources of New Diseases
    Stages of a New Disease
    HIV/AIDS
    10.5. How Can Evolution Help Us Control Disease?
    Antibiotic Resistance
    Vaccinations
    Controlling the Spread of Disease to Select
    for Milder Forms
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    How Do We Know? The Many Species That Live on You
    Life Application: Malaria and DDT
    Scientist Spotlight: Paul W. Ewald (1953-)
    Technology Connection: How Vaccines Are Made
    UNIT 3. PHYSIOLOGY: THE BODY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    CHAPTER 11. Homeostasis
    Why is it important that the body maintain its internal balance?
    case study Max Gilpin
    11.1. What Is Homeostasis?
    11.2. How Do Homeostatic Systems Work?
    Homeostatic Systems Have Three Parts
    Homeostasis Is Achieved Through Negative Feedback
    11.3. How Does Your Body Sense Temperature?
    Core Temperature Sensors
    Skin Temperature Sensors
    11.4. How Does Your Body Adjust Temperature?
    The Metabolic Furnace
    Effectors That
    Cool the Body
    Effectors That Warm the Body
    11.5. How Does Your Body Maintain a Constant Temperature?
    Sensors and the Hypothalamus
    Fever
    Conscious Behavior
    11.6. How Does Your Body Regulate Its Fluids?
    Diffusion
    Osmosis
    11.7. What Does the Kidney Do?
    The Anatomy of the Kidney
    The Function of the Kidney
    How the Kidney Makes Urine
    11.8. How Does the Kidney Maintain Water Balance?
    How Water Enters and Leaves the Body
    Osmotic Sensors
    The Water Balance Effector
    The Water Balance Controller
    Disrupting the Water Balance
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Life Application: How to Avoid Dehydration
    How Do We Know? Hypothalamic Control of Temperature
    Scientist Spotlight: Homer William Smith
    (1895-1962)
    Technology Connection: Dialysis
    CHAPTER 12. Circulation and Respiration
    What If Your Body Doesn't Get the Oxygen It Needs?
    case study Blood Doping at the Tour de France
    12.1. How Much Oxygen Do You Need?
    12.2. How Is the Circulatory System Structured?
    The Heart
    Arteries
    Capillary Beds
    Veins
    Blood
    12.3. How Is the Respiratory System Structured?
    Lungs
    The Respiratory Pump
    Nose and Mouth
    12.4. How Do You Breathe?
    Getting Oxygen
    Transporting Oxygen
    Delivering Oxygen
    Returning to the Lungs
    The Chemistry of Gas Exchange
    12.5. How Does Blood Pressure Vary Throughout Your Body?
    12.6. How Are the Respiratory and Circulatory Systems Controlled?
    Control of
    Respiration
    Control of Blood Pressure
    Control of Heart Rate
    12.7. What Happens When the Circulatory and Respiratory Systems Malfunction?
    Atherosclerosis
    Heart Attack
    Stroke
    Asthma
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Life Application: How Erections Are Produced
    How Do We Know? Measuring Blood Pressure
    Scientist Spotlight: Michael Ellis DeBakey (1908-2008)
    Technology Connection: Cardiopulmonary Bypass Machine
    CHAPTER 13. The Nervous System
    Does Your Brain Determine Who You Are?
    case study "The Only Living Man with a Hole in His Head"
    13.1. What Are the Parts of the Human Brain, and What Do They Do?
    Hindbrain
    Midbrain
    Forebrain
    13.2. What Was Wrong with Phineas Gage's Brain?
    13.3. How Is the Nervous System Organized, and What Does It Do?
    Overview of Organization
    The Central Nervous System
    The Peripheral Nervous System
    Sensing
    Putting It All Together
    13.4. How Does Cell Communication Lead to Nervous System Function?
    Neurons Are the Basic Building Blocks of the Nervous System
    How Neurons Talk to Each Other . . .
    . . . And What They Say
    13.5. What If the Nervous System Is Injured or Diseased?
    Injury
    Infection
    Neurodegenerative Diseases
    13.6. Can Mental Health Be Separated from Physical Health?
    Common Mental Health Issues
    Drug Use and Abuse
    13.7. Can Nervous System Injuries and Illnesses Be Cured?
    Drugs
    Surgery
    Regeneration and Stem Cells
    Minimizing Damage
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Technology Connection: Measuring Brain Activity
    Scientist Spotlight: Linda B. Buck (1947-)
    Life Application: Concussion
    How Do We Know? The Pleasure Centers of the Brain
    CHAPTER 14. Infectious Disease and the Immune System
    How Are Invaders Repelled, Evaded, or Killed?
    case study The Summer of Sorrow
    14.1. What Causes Cholera?
    John Snow's Explanation for How Cholera Spreads
    Robert Koch's Explanation for What Causes Cholera
    How Cholera Affects the Body
    How Vibrio Bacteria Survive and Spread Cholera
    14.2. What Invaders Do We Face?
    Bacteria
    Protozoa and Other Eukaryotes
    Viruses and Prions
    14.3. How Does the Immune System Protect Us?
    The First Line of Defense: Don't Let the Pathogens Get In
    The
    Second Line of Defense: Don't Let the Pathogens Make a Home
    The Third Line of Defense: Know Your Enemy
    When the Immune System Fails
    14.4. How Can We Harness the Immune System?
    Natural Immunity
    Vaccination
    Passive Immunity
    14.5. What Can Help If Our Immune System Fails?
    Antivenom
    Antibodies
    Antibiotics
    14.6. How Can We Prevent the Spread of Infectious Disease?
    Wellness
    Hygiene
    Clean Water and Sewers
    Proper Antibiotic Use
    Vaccines
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    How Do We Know? The Immune Response Is Two-Fisted
    Life Application: Organ and Tissue Transplantation
    Technology Connection: Monoclonal Antibodies: Magic Bullets?
    Scientist Spotlight: Anthony S. Fauci (1940-)
    CHAPTER 15. Nutrition, Activity, and Wellness
    How Can We Live a Healthy Lifestyle?
    case study Dying for the "Perfect Body"
    15.1. How Does What You Eat Influence Your Well-Being?
    Food Quantity and Quality
    Water
    Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats
    Vitamins, Minerals, and Dietary Fiber
    15.2. How Does the Body Extract Nutrients from Food?
    From the Mouth to the Stomach
    The Stomach and Small Intestine
    The Pancreas and Liver
    From the Intestine to the Bloodstream
    15.3. How Do Cells Extract Energy from Food?
    Cell Respiration
    The Chemistry of Cell Respiration
    15.4. What Can a Person Do to Maintain a Healthy Weight?
    Basal Metabolic Rate
    Average Dimensions
    The Body/Mass Index
    15.5. What If Weight Becomes an Obsession? />Eating Disorders
    Steroid Abuse
    15.6. How Do Muscles and Bones Keep Us Active?
    Muscles and Bones
    Moving Muscles
    15.7. How Can You Keep in Shape?
    Exercise
    Supplements
    15.8. How Do We Balance Looking Good with Being Healthy?
    Weight and Body Image
    Physical Activity
    Sleep, Laughter, and Stress Management
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Scientist Spotlight: Linus Pauling (1901-1994)
    Life Application: Drunkorexia
    Technology Connection: "Guaranteed" Six-Pack Abs
    How Do We Know? Stress Weakens the Immune Response
    UNIT 4. INTERACTING WITH NATURE
    CHAPTER 16. Ecology
    How Do We Benefit from a Functional Ecosystem?
    case study The Near-Extinction of Kirtland's Warbler
    16.1. How Do Species Adapt to Their Habitat?
    Adapting to Physical Conditions
    Adapting to Limited Shelter
    16.2. Why Do Species Compete?
    The Competitive Exclusion Principle
    Instances when Competitors May Coexist
    16.3. How Do Species Exploit One Another?
    Population Cycles
    An Evolutionary Arms Race
    16.4. When Can Species Cooperate?
    16.5. How Do Ecological Interactions Aff ect Us?
    We Compete with Other Species
    We Develop Useful Products and Ideas as a Result of Exploitation Interactions
    We Capitalize on Mutualisms
    16.6. What Does a Functioning Ecosystem Do?
    Exploitation Interactions Distribute Energy and Nutrients
    Ecosystems Recycle Material on a Global Scale
    16.7. What Benefits Do We Get from a Functioning Ecosystem?
    Ecosystem Services />Disruptions to Ecosystem Services
    Biodiversity
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Scientist Spotlight: Robert Helmer MacArthur (1930-1972)
    Technology Connection: Biological Control of Schistosomiasis
    How Do We Know? Long-Term Ecological Research
    Life Application: Ecology and Human Conflict
    CHAPTER 17. Biodiversity and Human Affairs
    How Is the Human Race Like a Meteorite?
    case study The Discovery of America
    17.1. What Are the Components of Biodiversity?
    17.2. What Areas Have the Highest Biodiversity?
    The Latitudinal Gradient
    Why the Gradient Exists
    17.3. What Can Islands Tell Us About Biodiversity?
    17.4. Why Do Different Regions Have Different Species?
    Biogeographic Realms
    Wallace's Line
    17.5. How does Biodiversity Change Through Time?
    17.6. Why Is Biodiversity Needed for a Healthy Ecosystem?
    Productivity, Stability, and Ecosystem Health
    Why Biodiversity Increases Productivity
    Why Biodiversity Increases Stability
    How Biodiversity Keeps the Food Web Intact
    17.7. Why Should We Preserve Biodiversity?
    The Spotted Owl Controversy
    Long-Term Benefi ts of an Old-Growth Forest
    How Old-Growth Forests Provide Ecosystem Services
    17.8. How Do We Keep Track of Biodiversity?
    The Species Diversity Index
    Indicator Species and Satellite Images
    17.9. Why Might We Be Facing the Sixth Mass Extinction?
    The Blitzkrieg Hypothesis
    Background Extinction
    Human Activity Threatens Biodiversity
    17.10. How Can We Preserve Biodiversity?
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    Life Application: The Importance of Genetic Diversity
    How Do We Know? Experimental Island Zoogeography
    Technology Connection: Satellite Imagery
    Scientist Spotlight: E. O. Wilson (1929-)
    CHAPTER 18. Human Population Growth
    How Many People Can a Single Planet Hold?
    case study A Story About Bacteria
    18.1. How Can Populations Grow So Fast?
    The Difference Between Linear and Exponential Growth
    Defining Growth Rate
    Determining Growth Rate
    Equilibrium
    Doubling Time
    18.2. Why Don't Populations Grow Forever?
    The Effects of Population Density
    Logistic Growth
    Our Carrying Capacity
    18.3. How Is Population Growth Influenced by Age and Sex?
    Age, Sex, and Population
    Growth
    Age Pyramids
    18.4. Why Do Developing and Developed Countries Grow Differently?
    Total Fertility and Age at First Reproduction
    Fertility and Mortality Differences
    Family Planning Differences
    Demographic Transition
    18.5. How Do We Use Information About Population Growth?
    The Constitution and the Census
    Planning for Population Shifts
    Resource Depletion
    The Limits to Growth
    BIOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
    How Do We Know? Modeling Population Growth
    Scientist Spotlight: Donnella Meadows (1941-2001)
    Life Application: The Demographics of China
    Technology Connection: Male Contraception
    Answers to Selected Questions
    Glossary
    Credits
    Index

Teaching Resources

Ancillaries    

Online at http://oxfordpresents.com/bozzone/, the Oxford Presents site features case studies, additional information about the book, and commentary from class testers on their experience using the text. It also contains information about getting involved with the development of Biology for the Informed Citizen.              

For Instructors:

  • Instructor’s Resource CD: without Physiology (9780199362073), with Physiology (9780199958085)
    This resource puts all of your teaching tools in one place. This CD includes the Instructor’s Resource Manual, the Test Item File and Computerized Test Bank, and the Text Image Library.
    • Text Image Library: All text images are available in PowerPoint and jpeg formats. Instructors who adopt the text gain access to every illustration, photo, figure caption, and table from the text in high-resolution electronic format, and some multi-part figures are optimized by being broken down into their constituent parts for clear projection in large lecture halls. The image library includes:
      • Art slides in PowerPoint and jpeg formats with figures exactly as they appear in the text.
      • Unlabeled art slides in which text labels are turned off.
      • Lecture Notes Slides with outlines for each chapter can be edited and make preparing lectures faster and easier than ever.
    • Test Item File: Written by Sharon Gillman (also author of the Study Guide), the test item file includes over 1200 multiple-choice, true/false, and short-answer questions in editable Microsoft Word format. Questions are organized by chapter section number and learning objectives and each item is identified according to Bloom’s taxonomic categories of knowledge, comprehension, or application.
    • Computerized Test Bank: Using the test authoring and management tool Diploma, the computerized test bank that accompanies this text is designed for both novice and advanced users.
  • Dashboard Online Homework System: (ISBNs to come) Designed to be simple, intuitive, and mobile, Oxford’s nationally-hosted online course system includes a variety of interactive materials for study, review, and assessment. Over 1800 questions written by Everett Weber (Murray State University) cover the range of Bloom’s taxonomic learning categories with automatic assessment and gradebook functionality. This is the perfect and affordable resource to get students reading before they come to lecture, and offers instructors immediate diagnostic feedback so they can focus their teaching on what is most critical at that exact moment in time.
  • Companion Website: (www.oup.com/us/bozzone) In addition to the Online Homework system described above, qualified adopters of Biology for the Informed Citizen can access the following teaching tools for immediate download at the companion website.
    • Instructor’s Resource Manual: This collection of materials is designed to help instructors build and implement a course around Biology for the Informed Citizen. The manual includes several kinds of supplemental instructional aids ranging from a list of chapter learning outcomes, to full chapter outlines and summaries, to question prompts for in-class discussions and activities. At the heart of the manual is a curated and annotated guide to high-quality and freely available animations, movie clips, videotaped lectures, podcasts, and presentations of core concepts covered in the text, all vetted and collected in one place for convenient access. The Video and Animation Guide for each chapter includes a web link to a customized YouTube playlist that includes several relevant videos that highlight, illustrate, and expand upon the concepts covered in the text.

For Students:

  • Study Guide: without Physiology (9780199958078), with Physiology (9780199958016) Authored by Sharon Gillman (Coastal Carolina University), who is also the author of the test item file (see below for more info), the Study Guide provides students with brief summaries and step-by-step analyses of each chapter, additional review questions, and thoughtful advice and study tips.

Alternate Formats             

  • CourseSmart eBook:  (9780199361229) Bozzone, Biology for the Informed Citizen (without physiology) ebook, $49.95.  Visit www.CourseSmart.com and search by ISBN.
  • CourseSmart eBook:  (9780199361212) Bozzone, Biology for the Informed Citizen (with Physiology) ebook, $57.95. Visit www.CourseSmart.com and search by ISBN.

Download a printable version of our Bozzone brochure.

Related Titles

Biology for the Informed Citizen Study Guide
 
Biology for the Informed Citizen

Biology for the Informed Citizen

First Edition

Donna Bozzone and Douglas Green

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