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Cover

Abortion

Three Perspectives

Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine, and Alison M. Jaggar

Publication Date - January 2009

ISBN: 9780195308952

272 pages
Paperback
5 1/2 X 8 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $26.95

This engaging three-way debate goes beyond the typical liberal vs. conservative arguments for and against abortion.

Description

Moving beyond traditional "liberal versus conservative" arguments for and against abortion, Abortion: Three Perspectives is an up-to-date, accessible, and engaging exploration of this highly contentious issue. Featuring a triangular debate between four prominent moral and political philosophers, it presents three different political perspectives: Michael Tooley argues the "liberal" pro-choice approach; Philip E. Devine and Celia Wolf-Devine argue the "communitarian" pro-life approach; and Alison M. Jaggar argues the "gender justice" approach. However, each of the authors' self-identifications is also challenged by one or more of the other authors, who offer alternative interpretations of liberalism, communitarianism, and feminism, as well as of what it means to be pro-choice and pro-life. All of these viewpoints are controversial, among both philosophers and general readers. Furthermore, because the arguments do not rely on religious authority, they are directed at all readers, regardless of religious affiliation.
Abortion: Three Perspectives is divided into two parts: the authors first develop their ideas in depth and then briefly critique the other positions. Drawing examples from real life, they also integrate logic and empirical data into their arguments and consider views of abortion across other disciplines. As philosophers, the authors possess expert skills in critical analysis; their debates provide students and other readers with a model of dialogue among those who very strongly disagree. Abortion: Three Perspectives is ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, introduction to ethics, bioethics, medical ethics, and feminist philosophy.

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    PART I.
    1. ABORTION: WHY A LIBERAL VIEW IS CORRECT
    Michael Tooley
    1. Thinking about the Morality of Abortion and Discussing It with Others
    2. A Brief Overview of My Defense of a Liberal Position on Abortion
    3. Abortion and the Appeal to Religious Revelation
    4. The Appeal to an Immaterial, Rational Mind
    5. The Appeal to Psychological Capacities
    6. Two Biological Antiabortion Arguments
    7. Potentiality Arguments against Abortion
    8. The Identity of Persons and Biological Organisms Argument
    9. Are Moderate Positions on Abortion Tenable?
    10. The Moral Status of Abortion: A Final Summing Up
    2. ABORTION: A COMMUNITARIAN PRO-LIFE PERSPECTIVE
    Celia Wolf-Devine and Philip E. Devine
    1. Where We Are Now
    2. Methodology
    3. The Prima Facie Case against Abortion
    4. The Status of the Unborn
    5. The Pregnant Woman
    6. Questions of Law
    7. Policy Recommendations
    8. Role and Limits of Philosophy
    9. Conclusion
    3. ABORTION RIGHTS AND GENDER JUSTICE WORLDWIDE: AN ESSAY IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
    Alison M. Jaggar
    1. Introduction
    2. Mapping the Philosophical Terrain
    3. Liberalism and Feminism: Two Thin Commitments of Political Morality
    4. Designing Just Institutions in an Unjust World: Some Methodological Commitments
    5. Some Principles of Political Morality Salient to Abortion in the Real World
    6. Abortion: Human Rights, Gender Equality, and the Public Good
    7. Objections to Abortion Rights
    8. Conclusion
    PART II.
    4. Response to Alison M. Jaggar, Celia Wolf-Devine, and Philip E. Devine
    Michael Tooley
    Comments on Alison M. Jaggar's Essay
    Reply to Celia Wolf-Devine and Philip E. Devine
    1. Species Membership and the Right to Life
    2. The "Reductio" Objection, and the "Change-of-Address" Objection
    3. Potentialities and the Right to Life
    Summing Up
    5. Response to Michael Tooley and Alison M. Jaggar
    Celia Wolf-Devine and Philip E. Devine
    1. Response to Tooley
    2. Response to Jaggar
    3. A Final Word
    6. Response to Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, and Philip E. Devine
    Alison M. Jaggar
    1. Methodology
    2. Political Philosophy
    3. Reality
    4. Policy
    5. Sailing under True Colors
    Bibliography
    Index

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