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  1. According to Herodotus, which god rescued Croesus from the pyre?
      a. Zeus
      b. Nemesis
      c. Apollo
      d. Athena
  2. What mortal brought the eventual downfall of Croesus?
      a. Cyrus the Great
      b. the oracle at Delphi
      c. Tellus the Athenian
      d. Solon
  3. Who was the instrument of fate and caused Croesus' son's death?
      a. Atys
      b. Adrastus
      c. the monstrous boar
      d. Cleobis and Biton
  4. Which may not be said of the story of Solon and Croesus?
      a. Solon's lesson is that a man cannot be counted blessed until he has died well.
      b. Croesus' life illustrates the power of Nemesis.
      c. A man should guard against overweening pride.
      d. The gods show their favor by lavishing mortals with power and riches.
  5. Who was the youth who was rescued from the sea by a dolphin?
      a. Meleager
      b. Arion
      c. Hippomenes
      d. Periander
  6. Who is the writer who records the tale of Solon and Croesus?
      a. Herodotus
      b. Hesiod
      c. Plato
      d. Xenophanes
  7. Chthonian deities are deities who
      a. inhabit Olympus
      b. animate nature
      c. are long-lived but not immortal
      d. are associated with the earth and the Underworld
  8. What is the most important difference that separates the gods from humans?
      a. They are of immense stature.
      b. They are more powerful than men.
      c. They are immortal.
      d. Their knowledge is superior to that of mortals.
  9. Which statement is not true of the supreme gods of the Greek pantheon?
      a. They usually have their homes on Mt. Olympus.
      b. They drink ambrosia and eat nectar.
      c. Ichor, not blood, flows in their veins.
      d. They are worshiped by sacrifice.
  10. What is the hallmark of the Greek conception of the Olympians?
      a. Animism
      b. Anthropomorphism
      c. Monotheism
      d. Deism
  11. In addition to Herodotus, who narrated the story of Croesus?
      a. Homer
      b. Bacchylides
      c. Hesiod
      d. Sophocles
  12. Who was forced to kill Candaules and win the throne?
      a. Adrastus
      b. Arion
      c. Polycrates
      d. Gyges
  13. Who was the ill-fated man who came to the court of Croesus for purification?
      a. Atys
      b. Adrastus
      c. Cyrus
      d. Tellus
  14. What was the famous pronouncement of Solon?
      a. "Man is the measure of all things."
      b. "Wonders are many but none more wonderful than man."
      c. "A human being is completely a thing of chance."
      d. "Know thyself."
  15. Who insisted on the existence of one supreme nonanthropomorphic god?
      a. Xenophanes
      b. Homer
      c. Hesiod
      d. Euhemerus
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